The Great American Tragedy: 8 THE OTTAWA HERALD , Saturday, May 4, 1963 No Jobs For Young People By PAUL C. TULLIER Senior Editor, World Book Year Book You might find a group of them aimlessly clustered in a neighborhood drugstore, or hanging around a street corner gloomily smoking cigarettes. Some sit idly on the front step of cheerless houses thinking, and dreaming, and weaving hoplcss hopes. They're young — mostly in their late teens or early twenties. Yet the problem they face is serious enough to make them old even before they become adults, regardless of where they live, or how they spend their lime. Right now their problem is particularly acute, and threatening to become worse, What is all this about? Who are these young people? What is their problem? Prepare yourself for some un- pleasant facts. The United States prides itself on its educational system — it spent an estimated $18 billion on education in 1881-1962 — and on its related ability to provide jobs for its youth. Yet today, a million young Americans between the ages of Ifi and 25 are looking for jobs. Surprising as it may seem, these young people make up the biggest single age group of unemployed workers in the United States. Unemployment in their bracket is at least twice as high, and rising at a faster rate, than in older age groups. The future of these youngsters, according to former Secretary of Labor Arthur J. Goldberg, is "potentially the most dangerous social condition in America today." Their plight, says Robert Taher, a noted Philadelphia educator, "is the great American tragedy of our time." What can be done about it? WANT TO BUY A COIN? — Officers of Otlnwn Coin and Stamp Club, Ken Harrington, president, and Pat Wignlcsworlh, secretary, arc pictured at club business meeting. Once-a-m-mlli meetings feature short program and business session, plus auction sale and games. On table arc coins and stamps offered for sale. (Herald Photos) Where Coin, Stamp Collectors Meet The Ottawa Coin and Stamp Club, a new orgunixation which is bringing young and old collectors together once a month, has a new meeting place. The club's meeting Monday night, May 6, will be in the basement of Carnegie Free Library, Pat Wigglcsworih, secretary, has announced. The club welcomes all 01 ta- wana and area people who are in- Deeds Kenneth M. Ford to R. F. Mcln- toih, EM. BE'/* Sec. 2 10-18; Mlllunl R. Lowlfl to Union J. Unhor. Wflir lotn-l-3-B-Blk ISA; Edwnrd Hunkolur In Mlllurd R. Lowlfl, LoU 1-3-S-Illk 12ft; B. E, Hnley to J. IB. Totltl, Lou 4"M(1- 48Blk 1 Shlnnn Add.; Dim Slmdu to Frank H. Vlvlnn, Lot 3D orohixrd Heights; Max ID. Alderman to Ktlwin Snydor, loin 2U-23-24-BIIS 107; Harry C, Wolton to C. W. Cotfmnn, !!!% SW'A Beo. 5 18-21 BO ncros; dlndyn Wellon to C. W. Coffmnn, W!i BE 1 /. Hoc. 8 18-21; Qoorgo 11, Rhonrtn In 11 mold 1C. Good, nil lot 11 Dlk 3 Fnlrvlcw Add. Wellnvlllo; C. C. Cliirrldno to Roy A. Lttwson, EVt Nffi'/4 NW'/i NK'/4 Sec. 28 10-21; L. D, Qonnmim to J. IS. LUIIkuy, Tr. SWVt Boo. 24 10-10; Ellsworth II. Bennett to Herman J. Fuuorborn, SWV* Boo. IB & WVii SK'A Sue. IB nil 10-lD 240 acres; Floyd A. MnUlonnhuur to Maurice Bnudry, NEMi acro» of NW'A NW'/i of 33 NHI'/i of NW>4 of 33 all 17-21; Don Bhndu to Ronald O. Rc'-d lot 44 Orchard Hdluhtn; Joe W. Belby to Paul E. Boiwloy, pnrt nf lot A South- lido Add.; J, W. Burkdoll to Rnymond Bloomer, lota 19-31-23-nik in Univ. Add,; Georgia D. Jackson In Jnincs McAvoy, lotn 0-10-DIk 23 Wullnvllln; Raymond O, Bloomer to Alfred Ryholt, loin 18-21-23-Dlk 10 Univ. Add.; Dcnn V. Teeter to Cling. Wllklns, lot 11 ft NVi Lot 13 Blk 120. .orcsicd in coin and stamp col- 'ccling. The meetings include n short business session, short program, auction and games. Monday night's meeting, for in- slancc, will feature a talk by the president, Ken Harrington, on "The Evolution nf the American 1-Cent Piece." While the club meetings start at 7:30, doors arc open at 7 and some of the members come early to display items from their collections nnd to look at the items others have on display. Charter membership in the club is still open. So fur, there are about DO members. Junior membership also is open to boys and girls 12 years old and older. Non-members mny all end the meetings and bid on items for sale. They cannot offer anything for sale. Meetings so far have attracted enthusiasts from area towns, Some member of a Lawrence club luivc joined the Ottawa club. Several members of the Ottawa club will altcnd a coin show in the Community Building at Lawrence this weekend. The Ottawa club plans to con duct an annual coin show and probably will stage one later this year. YOUNG AND OLDER coin and slump enthusiasts get together at club meetings. Here, admiring some of the items in young John Taylor's collection are (from left) B. L. Carter, OHic Norman and F. II. Parks. There is no simple answer, but answers are being sought. In some places, there are heartening signs of progress. Generally, however, the picture is grim. Two principal factors are responsible. As society becomes more and more highly mechanized, certain jobs disappear. The remaining jobs, as well as the new ones that are created, require an increasing degree of skill. That is one factor in the piclure. The second is a human problem. Almosl all of the youngsters included in the current legion of the unemployed are so-called "dropouts," students who left school before they earned a diploma. Theirs are the faces that were missing from the high school yearbooks. If present predictions hold true, moreover, their number will increase in the years ahead. As matters stand today, 40 out of every 100 youngsters in the United States either fail to attend high school or drop out before they have finished. If this trend continues, says Abraham Ribi- coff, former Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, the Dumber of unschooled, unskilled, and unemployed youths will have soared to 7.5 million by 1970. Of these, some 2.5 million will not even have finished grammar school. They will represent, roughtly, 30 per cent of all the young workers who are expected to enter the labor market between 1960 and 1970. Unschooled, these leen-agers will become part of an adult world in which education is a "must." Unskilled, they will struggle lo find employment in a abor market in which jobs often lisappear at the click of a switch. In New York City alone, automatic elevalors have already displaced an estimated 40,000 op erators. In one large automo bile plant, a manufacturing operation that used to require 39 workers and 39 machines is now wndled by only nine workers and nine machines. In Detroit, factory jobs former- y filled by 16- and 17-year-olds lave been decreasing at the rate of 2,000 a year since 1950. Between 1955 and 1960, 56 out of every 100 such jobs ceased to exist. The mass production industries no longer absorb the large Seagulls Fly Where Ocean Isn't By BERNIE GILMER The Great Bend Tribune Written for The Associated Press GREAT BEND, Kan. (AP) Floating effortlessly overhead, the sea gulls intently scanned the water's surface, searching for edible morsels. Nearby n flock of pelicans sunned themselves. Spotted here and (here as far as the eye could see were birds of all sizes—diving, feeding and calling to one another, Florida? Not at all. It's just outdoor Kansas at its best: the fabulous Cheyenne Bottoms, approximately 18,000 acres of water and marshland. Thousands of migrating waterfowl and shorebirds arc drawn irrestibly lo this area six miles northeast of Great Bend, Created as a sort of way-station for Migratory birds which ply their way along the great Central Flyway, .-., the Bottoms has served as a hunt\ ers' paradise and, sporadically, a haven for fishermen. The Bottoms has been more than benevolent to hunters, even though the area was built primarily for waterfowl manage ment under the supervision of the Kansas Forestry, Fish and Game Commission. Major development of the area was made in the early 1950s. The hunters' share of federal and state money spent so far has been minor, considering the more than $3 million that has gone into the project. The state provide* one fourth of the expense with funds coming from the sale ol fishing and hunting licenses in Kansas. No general tax money used or has ever been used on the Bottoms. The federal funds arc derived from n lax on sport- ng arms and ammunition. In charge of management of he Bottoms and having it ready 'or the hunting seasons is Marvin Schwilling, waterfowl biologist for he commission. "Of main importance in managing the area," said Schwilling, "is developing and using Ihe po- lential of the Bottoms as a feeding and resting area for migratory waterfowl." However, tho hunters arc more interested in several of the secondary managcmenl objectives. In addition to waterfowl production, wintering of waterfowl and production of desirable non-water- fowl species, this includes public hunting and recreation. "Fishing is also of secondary importance," acknowledges Schwilling. "However, fishing has always been allowed, although it has been somewhat unpredictable." Schwilling says current man- nient projects arc expected to im- Federal Trainee Program Opportunity For Ottawans Ottawa is one of more than a | maintain trainees when training 'facilities are not located within score of Kansas cities asked lo participate in the statewide selection of licensed practical nurse trainees for two federally-financed Manpower Development and Training Act programs scheduled for mid-year starts in the slate. Cal Ewing, manager of the 01- lawa office of Ihe Kansas State Employment Service, the agency charged with screening and recruiting trainees, said that fi4 persons, both men and women, are being sought lo fill 12-month training classes in Topckn and Chanute. Other local offices of the KSES ;ire cooperating. Under the federal act, free training is available to qualified individuals with unemployed heads of families or households getting lop priority. Heads of farm families with less than $1,200 annual net family income also qualify. Selectees in these categories would yet additional training allowances of $36 weekly while in training. Subsistence payments commuting distance of their regular reisdence. Limited transportation allowances are also available under these circumstances. To qualify for (raining, applicants age 17 lo GO will bo required (o be in good physical and menial condition, those 17 to 25 needing at least two years of high school and those 25 or over at least an eighth grade education. Interested individuals should inquire at their nearercst Kansas Stale Employment Service office. Hie Ottawa office is located at 2nd and Cedar. Coursework will consist of four months of classes and eight months of institutional training in hospitals near the training center sites. The licensed practical nurse courses are bul (wo of a series of training programs being readied under the federal act which of $35 weekly would be paid to Us designed to combat unemploy- ment by providing workers with new skills and upgrading those skills llvrealeited or outmoded by changing lechnology. The federal program is oper ated jointly by the Employment Service and local vocational education departments. The Employment Service determines training needs, recruits, pays allowances to and helps place train ees in jobs after graduation. The vocational education department establishes (raining centers and (rains them. Recent emphasis has been on medical occupations, Ewing said The practical nursing courses were established after a survey of medical occupations in the stale indicated a need for more than 1,000 workers in seven medical skills in the coming year. The Employment Service and' the Kansas Hospital Association conducted the survey. Greatest demand is for nurses' aides, 465; licensed practical nurses, 240 and ward clerks, 110 the survey showed. jrove the already productive lunting and irregular fishing. The Bottoms' central pool which is surrounded by four smal- er ones, has been drained so thai bottom soil struclure can be re- eslablished. By fall there will be a full growth of vegetaion and the pool will be reflooded. A peripheral dike is being buill 100 yards beyond Ihe hunting Blinds (Ihere are 167 blinds in Ihe Bottoms) in the pool adjoining the central pool on the northeast This dike will permit drainage of the blinds area for millet seeding. In addition to providing waterfowl food, it is possible to reserve a water supply behind the dike for nesting waterfowl and fish. "Along with improving vegeta- lion, our drainage projects should improve the fishing tremendous ly," says Schwilling. "Beller vegetation will ;\lso be beneficial to the hunter in attracting more waterfowl." No one knows how and when the Botloms was formed. The oval depression was a favorite hunting grounds for the Cheyenne Indians and from this Iribe Ihe Bottoms got its name. In all probability the Bottoms area has been used as a waler- fowl nesting area for hundreds ol years. It serves as an excelleni nesting area for migratory birds some of which are rare for this parl of the country. The concrete hunting blinds stand quiescent and somewha desolate now but come fall, ac companied by the hunting season sportsmen will join in the fire works that make the Cheyenne Bottoms one of the top hunting spots in the entire Midwesl. number of unskilled or semiskilled workers they once did. Nor is the "blue cjllar" workman the only one whose job is threatened. Some types of "white collar" positions are disappearing, too, largely because of office aulomation. Altogether, 1.5 million office jobs vanished between 1953 and 1960. Of the jobs available today, according . to a reliable source, only a small num- \xr — four out of every 100— do not require an education. The problem the unemployed dropout faces, then, becomes painfully clear. He is caught in a squeeze, play. Unable lo qualify or Ihe skilled jobs lhal are op- m, the supply of unskilled jobs ic might be able to fill is drying up. There is another irony. "Because of. . . automation, and . . . lechnical devices," says one au- hority, "professional and technical jobs are going to grow by 3 million — or about 40 per cent — during this decade. Jobs in the clerical and sales fields will grow by about 3.7 million. Skilled occupations are expected to provide 2,000,000 addilional jobs by 1970." Implicit is Ihe facl that these 8.7 million new jobs would more than absorb the 7.5 million youngsters, who, because they will lack skills and schooling, will know want in the midst of plenty. Educational requiremenls for any kind of a job are higher lo- day than ever before. According lo mosl personnel directors, they will rise a notch or two each year — from here on out. "I venture to predict," says one, "lhal wilhin Ihe next 10 years, post-high school education for two years — at a junior college or lechnical inslilute — will replace Ihe high school diploma as a basic requirement." Today, a high school diploma is the least most employers will accept for even a low-level job. want youngsters who are capable of climbing from the factory floor into an office seat, or into our sales force. And we don't want them to stop there. Somewhere among them — we like to believe — is a fulure company president." He pauses, and his lips tilglen. "If our company's exe- culives are lo come from among today's youngsters, why should we hire those whose school records show they were interested only in getting by?" Next Saturday, Other obstacles thai hinder Ihe unemployed youth in his search for a job. (Reprinted by permission from the 1963 World Book Year Book.) STATE PRESIDENT — J. Hardin Smith, Topeka, is new president of Kansas State Chamber of Commerce. Removals Adams, Robert C,, from 424 8. Hickory, to 317 S. Sycamore; Brewer, Charles E., from 603 N. Hickory; Baxter, John A., to 1445 S. Main; Burt, Robert J., to 317 Walnut; Bray, Rob«'„»•! i r i .,„ i^r,n ert E., from 222 W. 4th, to 604 Llnd- One Midwestern firm nas an iron- wood . Bradley Boy from Springfield. Mo., to 509 W. 10th.; Blake, Joseph S., from 1127 N. Sycamore, to RFD 3; Crowell, Charles R., to 116 W. 3rd.; Dawson, W. T., to 1127 N. Sycamore; Gould, Richard D., to S07 S. Ash; Holm, George E., from 540 Birch, to Emporla; Holroyd, Fleeta, to 723 W. 6th; Jackson, Georgia D., to 1108 N. Cedar; Klrkland. Mrs. Rex, to 633 S. Maple; Lemon, Larry, to 623 S. Cherry; Mc- Dlll, Mrs. W.M., to 815 S. Oak; Needs, Thelma from 733 S. Cedar to 124 3. Oak; Scott Mrs. Clarence from 507 E. 7th. to 633 S. Poplar; Shumate Allen L. from 623 S. Cherry to 1233 S. Main; Shade, Don J., from 829 E. 17th St. Terr., RFD 1; Thudlum, F. K., from 815 S. Oak, to Frontenac; Vivian, Frank H., to >J29 E. 17th. Terr.; Walters, Vesta, from 609 W. 4th, to 42» N. Mulberry. clad rule that even its mail sorters and messenger boys be high school graduates. Many firms are not satisfied with just a diploma, either. They carefully check the graduate's school record and insist or. better-then-average grades before hiring. Few companies will pay any attention to a dropout. For them, he is an "untouchable." The personnel director of a large steel plant in Pennsylvania says: "We Cyclone Doins Merry, Merry Month Of May Old Stone Houses Are Disappearing MCPHERSON, Kan. (AP)-The old stone farm houses (hat once were quite familiar in parts of McPherson County are slowly disappearing from the rural scene. Built in pioneer days because Jogs and lumber were scarce, the stone houses have withstood storms, tornadoes and prairie fires, Today only a few of these houses are slill occupied. Many houses are still occupied. Many have become ghost houses and are crumbling away for lack of repair and usefulness. The houses, built mostly of sandstone, had two big assets for the early settlers. They were cool in the summer months and were easily kept warm during the winter. One of the remaining sandstone houses still in use is on the banks of the Smoky Hill River in the northern part of the county. It is in good repair but is used only part of (he time. The house is owned by Wendell Dahlsten, who lives on anoth- er farm just to the south. His cousin, Mrs. Oswalt Johnson of McPherson, was born in, lived in and grew up in the stone house. Mrs. Johnson's grandf a t h e r, John Dahlsten, bought the farm from a man named Wistrand, but she dodn't know whether Wistrand built the house. "If J remember correctly," she said, "it was built around 1877. I have heard that the stone for the house was quarried out of the hills a couple of miles to the north. The stone that was used to build the original Freemount Church, south of the house, came out of the same hills." She said the walls of her early day home were more than 12 inches thick. A few additional stone houses are to be found north and south of Windom,' _ ,._ . By MARGARET WILLIAMS and ANNE MACHIN The advent of May means spring, flowers and pretty girls .0 many people, but to OHS students, May brings much more. The month of May means prom, graduation, yearbook and the end of Ihe school year. The new monlh brought new officers to the Pep Club. Presiding over Ihe spirited group next year will be Mary Tipton, while vice president Linda Taylor, secrelary Margery Golden, treasurer Becky Low- rancc, program chairman Feme Caylor and student council representative Carol Moherman will d (heir services. On the same ballol, new uniforms were decided for DIP club. The girls will be adorned in red V-neck jerkins, red skirls, long - sleeved white blouses and red jackets for the 1963-64 sporls seasons. Dressed in bright red outfits, (he Emporia Treble Clift Singers presented an assembly for the senior high students Monday morning. After starling off Ihe program wilh religious music, the group then capitalized on folk tunes. One of the favorite songs of the audience was "The Mercenary Echo," a comic song about an echo who wouldn't echo. After the group left to continue its tour throughout the area, the popular senior boys' quartet, the Tasmanians, composed of Bill Douglas, Alan Rybolt, Ben Park nnd Tony Warren, entertained the students. Last Friday Charles Centner's psychology class was held up by a masked robber. The bandit ran in, shot a gun and left in a few seconds. Little did the students know that they were guinea pigs for an expert ment on the power of observation. After the faked shooting, the class was asked to reconstruct the crime. Though few students could supply the details of the incident, the entire class agreed that the bandit had been Bill Douglas, a drama student who had been prompted by drama instructor MARGARET Jane Fcuerborn and Mr. Gentner j lo commit the "crime." The drama club, the iunior high scholarship club 'and their sponsors went May 2 to the Kansas University Theatre to see "Cyrano De Bergerac." presented by Ihe university's drama department. The drama club's praclice is lo rent films of famous movies for analysis by (he members. This outing will be the first chance this year for the club lo see an out-of-town live production. For the 5 scholarship club memr bers Ihis was a special trip. The play was previewed by Mrs. Margaret Caylor, sponsor for the club, before they left. Finishing up the month of April was a birthdsy party for Eloise Warner last Saturday night. The invited guests were Alan Rybolt, Kay Barr, Jim Fouls, Karen Wilson, David Allen, Judy Daugharthy, Ben Park, Sheri Seright, Ronnie Hazen, Linda Smilh, Ronnie Showalter, Linda Showalter, Jim Lewis, Linda Ames, Eddie Casleel, Teresa Morrisey and Rick Jamison. After a picnic dinner, Eloise opened the gifts for her I7th birthday. The guests completed the celebration by dancing in the basement. Senior high Kayettes had their ANNE first meeting in May Thursday. A special guest was Mrs. Bill Wright who lalked lo the girls about eticiuetle. The subject was appropriate since the llth and 12th grade gilrs will be going to the Junior-Senior Prom next weekend, Mrs. Wright brought out how a girl and her date should enter a receiving line and proper behavior at a formal affair. New spring dress-up clothes appeared in the halls Thursday as lhe s Fulure Business Leaders of America sponsored a Dress-Up Day for the club members. The idea of dressing up was to help the business majors be conscious of good grooming while they are secretaries. Last week at ils regular meeting the business club took Kansas Stale Employment tests under the direction of the loeal employment office. Later on in May Ihe girls will go lo Ihe un-' employment agency for mock interviews as practice for real interviews for future jobs. Seniors having received their in- graved name cards have been exchanging them with fellow seniors and friends. The name card trading somewhat makes up for many of the teenagers' regrets on being too old to 'deliver and receive pretty May baskets filled with flowers and candy.
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