The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 26, 1936 · Page 4
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 4

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Saturday, September 26, 1936
Page 4
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'', '"' - ' »AK«RSFlEt» 6AMPORNTAN, SATURDAY GARDEN FARM ORCHARD July Record Best Since 1929; California Tops Nation for 1935 (Attoclattd i'rctt t,ta»«il Wlrtl W ASHINGTON, Sept. 26.—Ileftv- lost buying of principal western farm productH Blnr.o July, 1929, •was reported today by (ho Human of Agricultural Economies to havo Bent receipts of California farmers during tho name month thin year above tho $63,000,000 mnrk. Their July rash Income was os- tinmtcd In round fibres nt $63,128.000, nn amount comparahln with $40,481,000 for .luly, IflilK; $4O32,- 000 for tho Bnmis month In 1034 and *31.417,000 In July, 1033. Cash receipts from principal farm products nvornKud 42 per cent higher In the 11 western st/ites In July when compared with July, 1935, receipt*. All Llnim Tnrrease "Larger receipt* from whoat, po- Intons, barley, citrus fruits, truck crops, other frullH, ftH*Hv«lI as from moat animals and dairy produotM, all conl.rlbul.pd to thn region's tfaln In Income," tho bureau reported. Tho largest portion of tho renolplB of California 1 !! runners wan derived from crop Halus—$4f>,87,1,000. Hales of HvoHtocU arid llviistmilc products brought them jM7,zr>r>,OOfl. HALF IHM.TON TAU) TO CALIFORNIA WASHINGTON. Bopt. Id. (A. I 1 .)-Tho 1.1 tiron u of AKrlcmllural Koo- nomlcn reported today Ilm jr>22,880,000 cash Income of CUilltornla's furtnorH tn 1035 WIIR thn highest In the tuition. Nearest to California was Texas. where frdcrul benefit paymmitH amounting to J6H,7u1,000 helped no count for a cash Incomo of $401,0,10,000. Formers of the Oolden Htato received only $7.781,000 from tho gov- ernincmt. Iteporl Inclusive MecclptM from 78 crop urid 13 live •lock items worn lnbulnt«'<l liy tho bureau In compiling tho Main totals. Contributing to California'* hnlf- bllllon tiital wnro crop recnlplM amounting to $367,747,000 and llvi- Htock and llvn Htouk products moelplH totalling $lUti,li10,UOO. ConipiiriillvM figures for IP34, when California topped all other rnmptitllurH, wuro $33Mr>7,000 nnil $1.'|&,14I,HOO. Only In ihn mailer of gross Inccimn, Including benefit payments, illil California bow to another ntatn. Ili'tu TCIXIIN inii, $rifiO, to $r.37,r,3:i,oon. Uroim liicuiiii Protecting Young Poultry From Disease Saves Flock OF STABILIZES PRICE Advancing Prosperity ofDairy Industry Is Traced to Local Boards I'rtim United Wire) SACRAMRNTO, Sept. 28.—Definite Indication of California's economic recovery Is soon In tho steadily Increasing necessity to authorize Increase of milk prices In the state's six-market milk control areas, according to officials of tho state department of agriculture. In explaining recent Increases authorized, a department bulletin mild: "For morn than six years thu course of depression torn down tho prli;o struoturn of fluid milk rnnr- knts, throw producers Into bankruptcy and Jeopardised thn sources of pure and wholesoino milk for thu consumers. I'rlrcs Are Advancing "Now that, tho depression ImM boon overcome, stop by stop, It In not surprising that tho price of dairy products IH advancing. II In but definite Indication that the duprusslon In bo ln« overcome. "Tho law making possible the op oration of local fluid milk control boards WIIH established to bring about stabilization In tho production of fluid milk and tin- freedom "f the Industry from milk prlco wars. In Ibu marketing are/is \vhere thn law has liown utilized, there Is nvldenc« that those purposes have been no compllNliKil, Hlx Agreemi'iils Made "No better uvldnnca Is available tluin thn fuel that six marketing areas have brought HiiccenNfiil plans Into operation, a Ntwnnth has a plan under way and an eighth area has Just submitted an application to bring this law Into play. "Thorn has hiion no promotion by the Mtato In this connection with the operation of tho law." Record Claimed in Parachute Jumping MOSCOW, Hopl. Vfi. A riti'ord for niHIUiiy maun pii JnnipliiK wan clalmi'd today by tbo Hovlrt Cnluii. In military maneuvers nrar Mod row lijoo nii'ii worn di'oppoil from Incluilcd HID viilun of I planun biiblnd tho "r'niMny" linen In products iTonsumod on tho farnm. ponllloiiH for nttarU. By 1IOHACK T. STRONG Anuunt r»nn Aittuor dlsoasen among poultry are perpetiialotl among the young Block from year to year by contaminated houses, yards and equipment, or by tho adult chickens which havo been previously exposed to or affected by the disease, among which are those which still carry or have a latent Infection with tho disease. Precautionary measures against Infection from such sources should be adhered to until young chickens hav0 completed their first laying year. Mouses and oulpmont should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before they am used for young uhlokens, either growing stock or laying pullets. The land used for pullet range should not have been used by adult fowls within a year, nor should It bo near tho pens of adult fowls. When suitable range Is not available, pullets should bo confined In tho houses and allowed outside only on sun porches or Utter- covered concrete runs. The litter, both In tho house and yard, should bo "Changed M least once a week, for laying pullets should bo entirely separate from those used for adults. Oulsldn runs should bo limited to sun porches or concrete yards. Kvory J'rci'iuitlon Needed On lar/jo farnm, separate attend ants for the pullets and the adult fowlM should IJH provided. In case there Is a slngl'i attendant- for stock of both rlanftcs, tho pullets should always be cared for first. Tho chick CUM should bo carefully watohftd and n more vigorous sanitation program iihoiild bo adopted If any Indication Is neon of the particular disease 01 diseases axalnst which tho precau tlonary im-amires aru being directed When 11 fowl of any age hbcomoH Melt, the presence of specific In- fecllon should always be considered as a possibility. Hiich fowls should be Imniedliiloly taken out of the flock nnd either Isolated In comfortable ((imrlers and given good earn or bo submitted lo n competent person for examination and diagnosis, or be Killed and burnrd. The prompt scKreKiitlon of the first cases of an Infectious dlseaNe may result In heading off an outbreak. It' several fowls die from unknown causes, npi'clineiiM should be taken or Mcnt to (he ncurcsl of thn laboratories of tbo Htatn Department of Aijrlciilturn, or to the university, for iiviiTiilniillon. Ho not rely upon illnK- HOKUM loud" by remedy fir fond milnH- men, service moil or other ppiwum untrained In the dlriKiioida of poultry Onion, Favorite of Ages, Means Million to Growers 1'rtm LeatfA Wire} S AOKA.MKNTu. Sept. 5(1. — Tho | vnlleys In Huiilhern California unit In onion, known from riffcm of bar- ' Kern and Tularn count leu. Tim burlsm down to tho present holds : f'oiichella llermuda onloim nro Ibo third place In truck crops grown In leurlleHi, followed by I bo Han Kt«r- this country and each your returns I nnmlo crop, ami I lien thu Kern and about $1,000,000 to California ! Tulare county yields. growers. ! Hern Hunts Wax Onloim Thn total onion acreage In tho ! The Cnarliella unions urn mostly Htatn this year will bo about lO.tlOO, yellou.i. although tnmm rryntnl wax onions grown there. Tim Han the largest onion patch In California Hlnco l»aO, the fedoratitttivto crop reporting service Htrited. trfist year the onion ticrcngo WOK estimated at 72MI, from which onions valued nt $1,0311,000 wore produced. Prices have not bnen nilrnctlve this year but It 1« believed, the service said, thu farm value of ilm state's onion crop may exceed this year. Cousins Have llloouis The onion, tho service iiiinoum'od, In technically known as allum cepa, n member of the Illy family and linked by family lien to thn Illy of tho valley, a cousin, In fact, to the flsmltiK tlKi'i* Illy "Thn word onion," the norvlco said, "comes from the Clruelt. We start with gar-leolt, now known n» Karllc. Krom gnrlle, meaning n split leek, wn tnko the singular, or tho unto, which, by way of the French, becomes onion "The Israelites In the wilderness craved the onlniin of thn Nile, Herodotus says Hint during Ihn building of (he pyramids nf Cheops 1600 talents of silver were spent, alone for radishes, onions and garlic for tho workmen, an umy lie ascertained from Hie Kuyptlan characters on tho pyramid Hnrlf. Fernando onloiui itr« about half yellow and wax. The Kern and Tuliiro crops tiro mostly wax with noun' yollowH. .HnrvoMt ularln In Coachi'Ue nnually about fir"! of May, and about 20 day« later In Han Fernando and In KITH county about June 1. Most "f Cnllfornla'H hili'i'tniMlliito onlnim urn grown In ihn Htocltton highland area. California's lain onions are KTOWII principally In I ho Pellu dlHtrlot but (hero an\ also Mount lalo onlotiH produced In tho iioasta) area, the lower Him Jonquil! and In the Nouthoin conn- lli'H. There are flvn niiiln varletleH of lain unions urown In California. Hwenl HpanlNh, White Cllohe. Yellow (llnlnv Uodx and AiiNtrallan Brown. When a virulent Infectious dlsaiiso occurs, the Hllll beitllby fowlH should ho removed Hi onco to a clean lien and there divided Into as ninny small griiupM UN posHllilfi. All nick blrdn nliKiilil Im killed nt onco wltboiit tbe Hpllllnu of blood nnd tbn rare.asi'H burned. Tim bonne, yard, and all <M|tilprnent should lln-n be thoroughly denned and dlslnfnrtod and, If possible, left Idle for Homo lime. Medical Inn of DrlnlthiK Water Contrary to common belief, chemical dlslnfooiiuitH In the drinking wa- in- ilo not ncl an liitcntlnal dlnlnfoc- liinlH nor otherwise nxorl n beneficial iicllun IIH coiiNinnml by (lie fowls. II docH. however, tend to deslrny dls- oiine germs In Iho water and tlniH prevent iipri-aillng of disease, by IhlH medium. I'oliiHHlmn perinanKiinatti IH motit commonly used for IhlH purpose. 1'omhinullonn of drugs known ns "tonlcH" for mixing with the poultry feeds luivo little If any valun In pro- vnnllng or curing Infee.tloun diseases. I'osslhly they may sorvo lo sttmulaln the appetite of convaloHelnir flocks and thereby hasten return of tho fowls to normal condition. A formula, which may ho used IH as followH: fill- vorl/.ed, I pound; pulverleod glngur, U pound; pulverlrod miltpiv ler, !,« pound; pulvorlr.ed Iron sul fate, pound; pulverized mix vomloa, "i pound. Add 1 ounco of the prep anil Ion lo each f> pouiidH of mash. Lack Will Immediately Become Evident; Need Also Potassium «y FRANK HORNKOIIL \TITHOdBN IB R constituent of •* all proteins. Proteins are apparently the active chemical components of protoplasm. Since It is In the protoplasm of'the green portion's, usually foliage, of plants that the photo-synthesis of carbph/ drains and the synthesis of most or nil of tho other tissue-bullying materials and reserve food sub stances of the plant takes place, tho importance of nitrogen as a plant food can hardly be over-emphasized. Nitrogen starvation produces marked changes in the growth of a plant, loaves are stunted In growth and a marked yellowing of tho en tiro foliage takes place; In fact, the whole takes on a stunted or starved appearance. Abundance of nitrogen, on the other hand, pro ducos a rank growth of foliage of a deep, rich color and a luxuriant development of tissue, and retards tho ripening process, In the erirly stages of growth, tho nitrogen Is present most largely In thu leaves; but when tho seeds do velop, rapid Iranslocatlan of protein material Into tho seeds takes place until finally a largo proportion {of tho total supply Is'deposited In thorn KXCRHS May Develop VVhllo tho proteins are finally stored up largely In the seeds, or other storage organs, they nro actively at work during tho growing period In the cells of the follngo partw of the plant. 71onc,e. tho popu liir statement thnl "nitrogen makes foliage" Is u fairly ncourato expros slon of Its role. Inordinate produc tlon of straw In cereal crops and o leaves In root crops often rosul from liberal supplies of available nitrogen In the soil early In growing seasons. If tho crops develop to norma maturity, this excessive follagi growth has no harmful results, an the surplus material which has beer elaborated IM properly translocated Into the dfHired storage organs; bu unfortunnlply, tho retarding effoc of the surplus nitrogen supply upot the datf of maturing of tho crop I often nssoclatod with premntur ripening of tbo plants from other canned, with the ciitisp(|uuni:«i that too large* a proportion of the vain- «b|n food niatiM-lal In left In the refuse foliage material oC tho crop. Crops which are grown solely for their leaves, such us liny crops, let- luce, nihlmgfl, etc., profit greatly by abundant supply of available nitre; although when foliage growth IN Hllmiihitcil In this way (he HSNUO IM likely (o bo tlilii-wnllcd and soft Hither than firm and solid. The popular expression that "pot- sh mnkos sugars nnd starch" Is a urprlHlngly accurate description of ho rolo of this clement In plant letabollHin. lOltber the photosyn- hesls of starch, or I he changes neces- ary to Its trunslooatlon (It Is not yot ertaln which) IH so dependent upon ho presence If an Insufficient supply H proNcnt. Potassium Millies Sugar Tho production und storage, of ugar, or starch, In suoh root cropH IH boots, potatoes, etc., diminishes in direct proportion with a decreasing iiipoly of potassium IIH plant food. The grahiH of Hie cereal cnlps become Hhrunlu-n us u result of potassium Mtrirvntlon; and are plump and well 11 led with starch whon sufficient po IH avallablo for tbo crop's War on Celery Strings Begun (Aiioclatetl Frtn Lea»et Wlrt) TTI1AOA, N, Y., Sept. Zfl,—It la •*• time to stop growing celery with strings tn It, nays Cornell Agricul- turn! College. Experts have tented thete strings and found tliiit one of them l» capable of holding the height of a half gallon of water. A breeding plan t6 eliminate the strings wan described today by Donzel Curtis of the agricultural college. Crowing vartouft strains of celery) he explained,'already has proved that undesirable qualities can bo replaced by those more toothsome. Hut ho predicts It will take a long time to soften up those strings. Farm Representatives Will Map 1937 Program at Reno Gathering- (A ttoctalctt I'rcti Lea ted Wire) WASHINGTON, Sept. 28.—A con sorvatlon program for 1937 for tha four western states of Arizona, Gall fornlft, Nevada and Utah will bo mapped at u meeting of farm ropre sentatlves In Reno on October 12. Announcing plans for the con feronce, George ID. Farroll, dlrectoi of the western division of the Farm Administration, said the conferees would center their discussions upon those questions: "What progress has been made li soil conservation In tho various counties under tho 193C agriculture conservation program? "What practices should bo rocom mended as most valuable from agrl cultural conservation standpoint? "In 1937 should a greater portion of tha pay mo ills bo made for soil building practices than In 1988? "Should a maximum total conservation allowance bo established for each farm or ranch? If such an al- lowuncn wnro established how should It bo tin rued 7 "Should tho crop-Income Insurance Phmfc Purchase to Aid Market features contained In tho program bo enlarged?" present Trends Iiidicate Young Heifers to Be Sold 7 in Greater Number By J. A. McNAUGHTON T OS ANOBLES, Sopt, 26.—Ord't- •*-* narlly dbolii 47,4 per oetit ot all the cattle slaughtered for meat food purposes are cows, the balance mainly steora and heifers. Bui during 1085, we are Informed, 66 per cent of ths cattle slaughtered were cows. Part of the huge Increase In cow marketings resulted from federal-state drives to get rid ot cattle herds of disease, but it must bo granted that a goodly proportion of the cows were marketed by. farmers and cattlemen in order to realize Improved prices and as a means of paring down cattle herds, If the latter Is true, than the outlook seems to be for reduced numbers of calves and a comparatively smaller output of beef during the next few years. The writer has often thought that the cattle and meat packing Interests would do well to seriously consider a program which would provide for educating tho consumer In the preparation of the medium grades of beef that comes from the average cpw. This statement Is made In view of tho fact that figures show that nearly half of tho beef normally marketed Is -cow beef, certainly' not likely to prove as tender nor as Satisfying as good steer beef—unless the housewife goes about the cooking of the medium grades of beef for what it Is, Under such conditions, cow beef may bb prepared In a highly satisfactory manner. But unless properly prepared, tho average cow beef does not suit the consumer's taste. • * It now appears that, under anything like normal conditions, the United States Is able to produce far more beef than can be converted Into consumer channels at prices that will realize pottts to the cattle producers. This Is due to vastly Improved methods ot rahge practice, better breeding and better handling of cattlo herds. Cattlemen through the use of good, registered bulls arc producing beef that matures cnrller. Undoubtedly all of this moans that some changes In general practice by tho Industry as a whole must be brought about. (Sptetal to The OaUforntan) •DEBKBLEY, Sept. 26.—The 1m- •^ mediate purchase of 3000 tons of Pacific coast standard prunes HAS been authorized' by 'Secretary of Agriculture Henry A., it was announced today at the AAA regional office at Berkeley. Twenty-four hundred toils will be purchased in California and 6QO tons in the Pacific northwest. Purchases will bo made from packers who will agree to buy an equal quantity of unprocessed 1988 crop • prunes from growers at prices not less than on a 8^-cent basts. These prunes bought by the federal government will be used for distribution to families on relief and will therefore bo removed from normal channels of trade. This purchase supplements tho 5000 tons substandard prune til version program approved recently by Secretary Wallace. The substandard prune d I version program is now 'being. placed . Into operation by the Pacific Prune Products Association, a nonprofit organization formed by the Industry to operate a similar program last season.- ACREAGE OF PEAS IN STATE UATKK HI.'I'IM.IKII "OASIS" DKU'HOM, Ohio, Sept. 2(1. (U. P.) Althmuih the town had nev«n boor pill-lorn anil HOVOII nofl drlnli pur- join. HtM'vli'ii Director A. 1*3. \W(tm' decided tn havo two drlnhliiR water fnuntnlnn Installed nl downtown In- lemm't limit. AUTO XVUICt'K TIIUIUNS ClIIM) Device Separates Unhulled Walnuts (IKOIUIHTOWN. S'tl. (U. P.)-"Do It HKivlii, V'addy," wan tlin Joyous approval of Ilm I y,Mir olvl Most oarly bemuda onions In Call- i ter of Mr. iinrt Mrn. W, I,. Wilson fornla average nlmnt 2tiO bushnls to i when their rnr wtmt off the hlKh- tho acre anil nro in-own principally I wny nut) landed In u oiniyon "00 f«Mil In tho Cono.uolla nnd Hnn I'Vrnnndo I briow. Nn nnc was Injured /'re«« NACKAMI5NTO. Wire) Sept. 20.— More rapid ImiullliiK of California's ICtiR- Huh wiilnui crop IB expected uso of a now mechanical ilovloa for hulled from unhulled If You Are Raising: Turkeys You Should Read This! We sell a mixture for turlieys, originalnl by n NuocoNHful turkey Krowcr, which, fed nrcordlnK <" our suKK«sllnns, will produce birds briitBhtfc you a premium of from 2c to <lc per pound above the Bolnic market prlco, on account of thu quality of the incut, Wo havo hundreds of satisfied commercial tiirUc.v-KniwhiB C\IN- tomcrs who have used this mixture for tho past four yearn. If you are not one of these, will ymi not cull nt our office und talk it over with us. Do not be misled with substitutes which are claimed to be "Just us good." Manufactured and distributed exclusively by BAKEBSFEELD GRAIN CO. BAKER STREET AND TRUXTUX AVENUE Telt phone 19U Manufacturer* of *KKIWCO* fSSDS niitM, the ffdernl department of agrl cult urn reported, Tho KiiKlluh walnut, like other nuts, ban a thick yellnw-ftrnan hul wblfh nt limes sllokn tlRht to tin mil. linn through the new nepurn tor, th*> hulled niitH drop throiiKh to lilnii whllo tho iiiilinUi»d nuts arc citn-led to tb« end of thn ronveyor. Thn derlrn WSB doMlgned and bull by \Viilii-r K. Hiilton of tbo depart melit'it I .us An«i<!es fruit und voge Inbli' luborutory. Tho general tone and vigor ol growlh of tho plant In largely de- Kindont upon tho ample potassium lupply; potash-hungry plants, Ilka .hoso which havo been weakened by other unfavorable conditions, havi .icon found to be more susceptible to Injury by diseases, than those whlel nro well nourished with IhlH food el« nent. Hut potassium starvation does not produce any pathological condl tlon of the cell contents; Us absence simply prevents tho possibility of t,\\ lovolopmont of the necessary carbo hydrates for vigorous growth. Editor's Note: Mr. Hornkohl will continue his discussion of phinlH food needs us Indicated by soil analysis In two inoro articles. KOHB8TUV LOOKOUT BANT A BARI.JARA, Sept. (A. P.V—-Qeno Hushnell. forest son Ice lookout In the Sunta Luol mountains, couldn't sleep. Some thing kept nudging him and breath Ing In hln lace. The noxt morning he took on look al the ground near hie co packed his belongings and reslgne ills Job, Tracks disc loved ho ha boon visited by a mountain lion. EXPERT IN WORDS Answer to Previous Puwle HORIZONTAL 1.5 Author of a dictionary. 11 Hail! 12 Pertaining to rain. 13 Water cress. 14 Whirlwind. 15 To eject 17 Rood. 18 Golf device. 19 Note In Guide's scale. 21 Boy. 22 Musical note. ., qtudent O f 23 Folding bed. « Student of 23 Shabbier 30 To peruse. 48Toperch< 31 Pertaining to 6Q Ent £ rtalne rs. wings. 51 FueU 33 Fur lined cape 52 Age. 34 Mnlo children. 54 Growing out. 35 Bulb flower. 55 Buddhist 37 To consume. SB Seraglio. 3D Narrative poem; 41 Satin. 42 Right. festival. 56 He was an 57 He was an expert in tho American,— VERTICAL 2 Tree. 3 To nfflrtn: 4 Flocks. 5 Pronoun. 6 Organ of sight 7 To exist. 8 Marc. 9 Domesticated. 10 Prophet. 13 He was also among the finest of 16 Conveys. 18 Sailor. 20 Balsam. 81 Sheltered place. 22 Solitary. 24 Story. 26 Each. 27 Mooley apple 28 Orderly placing. 29 Frozen water. 30 Bottle stopper 32 Mature. 34 Seasoning. 36 Size of type. 38 Sound of contempt. ,40 An arrival 41 Vampire. 43 Bound. 45 Convent worker. 46 Boundary. 47 Caroled. 49 Three. 51 Gazelle 53 Preposition. 55 Bushel. More Significant Is New Culture Method, Says Slate Agency fUnited Preit Leased Wire) SACRAMENTO. Sept. 26.—An increase In the state's sFcreage of. fall peas, started four years ago, has been continued in the 1936 crop, the federal-state crop service reported. "This Increase," the report said, "Is not as significant as the change In the type at culture. "At the present time the acreage In San Ijuls Oblspo, Tulare, Kern and a larger part of the Santa Barbara and San Diego acreage Is grown on 'poles.' "Poled peas produce three to four times the tonnage of tho bush peas planted In the other areas and produce a quality pea with which the bush growers are unablo to compote." The preliminary estimate of the service placed the fall pea acreage this year at 13,550 compared with 12,850 last year. The estimated acreage Included tho following: Alameda and Contra Costa, 250; Marln and Mendoclno, 500; Monterey and Santa Cruz, 2SOO; San Luis Oblspo, 850; Santa Clara and San Benlto, 3000; Tolo and Sutler, 50; Fresno, Merced, Stanislaus and San Joaquln, 950; Tulare and Kern, 3000; Riverside and I,os Angeles, 350J Santa Barbara, 70'0; Ventura, 1000; Ban Diego, 000. Mobile Gets Only Second Cotton Gin (United Preiit Leaned Wire) MOnil^B, Ala.—Although cd-tton has boon king In Mobile for a century, the city IB just getting Its second gin. . , The plant, being built by tho Wilmer Gin Company, will be the first In the city slnco 1870, when the Caldwell Company opened one year Expect Official Rating as Modified Disuse . Free County {Special to The CaUfornton) , OACRAMBNTO, S«pt. 28. —It ^ perial county, tint county in . which bovine tuberculosis eradication tests were launched under the Jones-Connalljr program in this state, will probably be the first county tested under the federally-financed program to be declared modified accredited bovine tuberculosis free, in the opinion ot Dr. W. E. Howe, Inspector in charge, United States BUreau of Animal Industry, and Dr. C. U. Duckworth, chief'of the division of animal Industry, In a Joint rSpdrt Bubmlted to State Director 'of Agriculture A. A. Brock. , Retestlng of all cattle in Imperial county Is underway to establish thft basis on which the federal accreditation may be based, the report said. Finish Glenn Uetest Relost ' of all cattje In Glerfh. county has been finished under the Jones-Connally operations. The percentage of bovine tuberculosis : Infection was found to be less than 1 per cent. Excellent progress has been made In QUsnn county slhce » the first test less than two years ago, at which tirne the extent of bovine tuberculosis infection ran as high as 23 per cent. Previously Infected herds in Hum- ' boldt county are being retested. and all cattle In Contra Costa county are being rotested. First testing of dairy cattle In Solano county has been completed. Under the federal-state cooperative plan, tuberculin testing is underway . In Tehama county. Several years ago Tehama county was declared a modified accredited bovlno tuberculosis free area, but retosts to confirm tho f status of bovlno tuberculosis infection are required every three ye'ars In order that the designation may be renewed by federal authorities. Beef Cattle Also under the federal-state cooperative program, beef cattlo In Men- doclno and Ijake counties are bcingy. tested in order to complete the testing. The dairy stock of the two countlet* was tested earlier this year and tha per cent of infection was Very low. When the testing of beef cattle la completed, state officials believe that Infection will have boon so reduced that the counties may be declared modified accredited bovine tuberculosis free. Several field veterinarians have started relestlng of previously .infected herds in Santa Clara and San • Mateo counties. Testing in Kern county is underway. A tost of cattlo is also underway In Riverside and San Bernardino counties. A very low degee of infection in dairy herds of the two counties has been achieved and it is hoped that when tho beef cattle have been tested that tho federal officials may nlao declare those counties modified accredited bovine tuberculosis freei _ areas. 4 « » Langdon and closed a gin previous. Mobile began to assume Its rank tis chief cotton port ot tho world about 1830, when 100,000 bales wore on foreign and coastwise The trade flourished and shipped vessels. 10 years latetr 440,000 bales passed through tho port. : With the growth of tho shipping Industry, Interest In cotton-growing waned, but now with higher cotton prices, the crop Is Increasing continuously. • t» Loans Are Offered to Wheat Planters Federal funds^ havo been alloted for production loans for San Joaquln valley winter planters, It woa announced today by M. W. Skelton, Kern county welfare director, Who will supply Information to interested wheat growers at his office In the welfare building, Twenty-sixth and M streets. J. F. Donlcavey of Fresno, supervisor for t)ils district of the emergency crop loan section of the FarnV Credit AdlmiUlstration, . sold Indl- viduil growers may obtain $1.50 per acre,' with a maximum of $400 for any one grower. Repayment is due August Si, 1037. Grafting of Roots Known to Romans WASHINGTON, Sept. 26.—-New tricks in tree grafting are being 1 studied by department of agriculture horticulturists. They are going "to the root" .of ancient grafting methods .by striving to Improve root stocks of apple trees, rather than devoting all the time to the top portion of trees when graft- Ing. The Roman philosophers, Cato and Varro, wrote about tree grafting 2000 years ago. At that time, grafting " was considered a new science, and today the department of agriculture still considers grafting a promising' field. The usual moans of propagating* * root stocks of apple trees has been from seedling with the upper 'portion of the tree being grafted' on later. • Guy F>. Terkes, horticulturist, in charge of nursery investigations for the department, has made a wide departure from the usual means of propagating root stocks from seedlings by using layers or cuttings from roots of specially selected specimens. ' • . Then on to this root slock is grafted bud stock which has the closest affinity to '.the root stock. If this method is proved successful, seedling production In quantity may be discarded. The line of experimenta- tion'has not yet advanced far enough to demonstrate sup^rjbr, orchard per- " forrh«nce from su«h stocks, but some Of the trees d«velop>d in this manner and now under test show outstanding valuable Qualities, Terkes reported. ........ —•»GASOLINE ALLEY Pull Up By KING , WAUTl -me THOUORT MB •SICK. DOCf I MAVBM'T SBIsN SOU SINICB SOU TOOK ME ALL SUMMER AND If, STROKES. WBLL., I I MADE IT. THAT WAS A WONDERFGL ACCOhAPLlSKMeMT ToaBTHER TR AKICCOMTI NBNttAL GOLF

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