The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 17, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Tuesday, October 17, 1944
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SUPERFORTS BUST EINANSHO: JAP FLEET HEADS HOMEWARD THE TEMPER ATI BE Temperutures High yes'crday 83 Low today 52 Kalnlall Season (Airport) T Tear Ago (Airport) T Settaon (Land Company) T Year ago (Land Company) T Forecast Sunny skies and pleasant temperatures today, tonight and Wednesday Democrats Lead in Registration; See Page 9 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 17, 1944 16 PAGES No. 67 Battle of Aachen Near End Big Nazi Counterblow Squelched; Garrison Reduced to 600 Men SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, PARIS, Oct. 17. (HE) — Lieu tenant- General Courtney H. Hodges' headquarters reported signs today that the Nazi command had written off Aachen and abandoned attempts to relieve the city as American doughboys blasted out nests of dwindling resistance with 155s. Supreme headquarters announced that British Second Army forces struck southward nearly 3 miles in the Maas (Meuse) valley of eastern Holland,.cutting the main highway southwest of Venrai where H violent street battle was in progress. American planes, defying clouds iover the western front, gave strong support to the land armies. Heavy bombers dealt one of the heaviest blows of the war at Cologne, Rhineland stronghold east of Aachen, while Marauders and Havocs, hit. Tusklrchen, 30 miles southeast of Aachen. Try to Defend Plain A dispatch from First Army headquarters said present indications were that the German armor and Infantry massed east of Aachen would content itself with trying to defend th* Cologne plain Instead of undertaking an all-out attempt to break through the American siege lines around the city. The dispatch said the Nazis appeared to have planted their armor along a north-south line east of Aachen as a sort of wall of steel substituted for the broken Siegfried Line. "The tipoff Is seen In the fact that the Nazis threw everything but the kitchen sink at us—including 240- millimeter shells—when we uncorked an attack in the vicinity of Gellen- kirchen yesterday," the headquarters report said. Battlefields Swamps It has been raining off and on since yesterday, and the battle- churned fields around Aachen were t-eritible swamplands. A chilling autumn wind added to the discomfort of the troops. Supreme headquarters revealed -that American armor attached to the British Second Army was fighting on the right flank of the Dutch sal- lent In the area of Overloon, 54 miles above Aachen. United States First Army front dispatches estimated that the doomed Aachen garrison had been reduced to perhaps 600 men, and the battle for the completely isolated German bastion of the Siegfried Line appeared to be drawing toward a close. Several hundred American cannon hurled 8700 rounds into the massed German armored and infantry forces east of Aachen, apparently squelching at Jeast temporarily a threatened full-scale counterattack. On the Dutch front north of , Aachen, the British Second Army outflanked the stubborn anchor post of Venrai in a drive through Vier- Continued on Faice Two Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 2 Artcraft of California 7 Arvin Theater 10 Bakersfield Com. Theater 10 Booth's 2 Brock's 3, 7, 11 Buzan, Dr. B 3 Casper & Frankel 2 Citizens Laundry '. 10 Coffee, Harry 6 Culliton, John W 10 Eggers 7 Flickinger-Digier 15 Fox Theaters 10 Granada Theater 10 Haskell, Dr. Harold 2 Ivers Furniture 10 Jackie's Beauty Shop 7 KERN 4, 10 K. C. Republican Committee 4 Kern County Auto Dealers 4 KPMC 4, 10 Lim, T 10 Long, Dr. S. C 2 Mar-Vo-Aid '. -... 7 McMahan's -> 8 Nile 10 Phillips Music Co 2 Rialto Theater 10 River Theater 10 Texas Tornados 10 Union Cemetery 9, 15 Urner!0 8 Victory Shoe Shop...... T ..10 Virginia Theater 10 Weill's 8 Wills, £ob > 10 Wild Horse Races : 11 Wing's Cafe - 10 Wrestling : H r —Calil'ornian-NKA TeJephoto TANK DESTROYERS IX AACHEN—As smoke from the burning buildings swirl around them, these American tank destroyers fire at Germans in streets of Aachen, American siege forces today were rooting out the remaining- nests of resistance in Aachen, and the Nazis' doomed garrison is believed to have been reduced to 600 men. RUSSIANS OPEN GIANT DRIVE FOR REICH. REACH BORDER, SAY NAZIS GERMANS TIGHTEN GRIP ON BUDAPEST, RALLY FOR STAND AGAINST ADVANCING RED ARMIES LONDON, Oct. 17. <D.E)-—The German high command said today that n new Russian offensive by "many infantry and tank formations" on a 25- inile front along the Kaunas-lnsterburg railroad had reached the East Prussian frontier at one point. The Red army opened the offensive on either side of Vilkaviskis, a few miles below the trunk railway and some 15 miles east of the frontier, after a drumfire barrage that lasted several hours, a Nazi communique reported. The German Transocean news agency in a supplementary dispatch bluntly described the reported attack as "a new Soviet offensive against East Prussia.' the easternmost province of Germany proper. Budapest was reported under martial law today as the new Nazi government of Hungary tightened its grip on the uneasy capital and strove desperately to rally the army and people behind it for a stand against the advancing Russians. The Nazi-controlled Budapest radio said last night Admiral Nicholas Horthy had announced his resignation as regent and had repudiated his proclamation of only 24 hours earlier accepting Allied armistice terms. Horthy did not broadcasLper- sonally, however, and some doubt remained that he actually had authorized the statement, unless under duress. Continued From Page One Yanks Meet Fierce Oppositionjn Italy ROME, Oct. 17. (UR)—American troops of the Fifth Army met an all- out German defense of the approaches to Bologna today as they edged to within 9Vi miles of the gateway to the Po valley. The Germans apparently were concentrating a good portion of their northern Italy forces along the Fifth Army front for a desperate bid to hold Bologna, whose capture would open the Po valley to American armored forces. There was much less opposition to the Adriatic sector, where three Allied columns were converging on Cesena, with Canadian forces only 1% miles from the town, one of the main junction points of the important Bologna-Rimini highway. F. D. R. to Make Major Talk October 27 in Philadelphia WASHINGTON, Oct. 17. GB— President Roosevelt will deliver a major campaign speech from Shibe Park In Philadelphia the night of October 27. The speaking date was announced by David L. Lawrence, Pennsylvania Democratic national committeeman, after a conference at the White House today. Lawrence and several others, including Andrew J. Higgins, New Orleans war constructor, called on Mr. Roosevelt as representatives of Business Men for Roosevelt, Inc. Slated on Radio The" Philadelphia speech will go to the nation through the joint sponsorship of Businessmen for Roosevelt, Inc., and the Philadelphia city Democratic committee. Aimed primarily at business, the time for two radio networks, which will carry the address, will be paid for by the businessmen's association. The speech will follow by a week Mr. Roosevelt's foreign policy address in New York this Saturday and is the only speaking date beyond Saturday night's address so far announced. Lawrence estimated that between 35,000 and 40,000 people could be accommodated in Shibe Park for the speech. Cbs and the Mutual net- 'works will carry the broadcast from 6 to 6:30 p. m. (P. AV. T.). Lawrence said it appeared now that the Philadelphia address will be Mr. Roosevelt's only campaign ap- peanance in Pennsylvania, which he carried by 280,000 votes in 1940. Governor Thomas E. Dewey is speaking in Pittsburgh Friday night of thin week. Higgins said the businessmen for Roosevelt organization was formed last August "to make articulate what we .know to be thetpolltical view of the great mass of business people." He stated that he believed" an overwhelming majority of businessmen are -for the re-election of President Roosevelt. Lawrence asserted he thought that the President, who spoke in Philadelphia's convention hall during the 1940 campaign, would carry Pennsylvania this year by a larger vote than he did four years ago. Presidential Secretary Stephen Early indicated today the White House might have something to say later in the day about the demobilization quotation which Governor Thomas E. Dewey iast night attributed to Frederick A. Delano, the President's uncle. In his St. Louis speech Dewey quoted a report of the National Resources Planning Board which he said was submitted by Delano: "Rapid demobilization might throw into the labor market large numbers of men just at the' time when the industries might be least able to absorb then.. It might .create unemployment end depression." Reporters asked Early today if he e .jected any reaction to the* statement during the day. "There may be," Early replied. "We have made available to you an analysis of the facts and I think the policy will be to keep it up to date." He referred to a document handed reporters at the White House Friday which compared quotations from Governor Dewey's Oklahoma speech with a fuller text of the same remarks. Jersey for Dewey Former Governor lihurles Edison of New Jersey, calling at the White House today, gave Mr. Roosevelt a. political report on that state: His belief that New Jersey will go for Governor Thomas E. Dewey by a substantial majority. Edison, a Democrat, said he called at the President's request. "My own judgment," he told reporters 'ater, "is that New Jersey will go for Dewey." He said that he believed the Hague Democratic organization in Jersey City is contributing to the Dewey strength. We have a large independent vote," he said, "and those people are against the Hague organization." Dewey to Talk on Peace Bickering, Bungling Charged to Roosevelt in St. Louis Address EN ROUTE TO ALBANY WITH DEWEY, Oct. 17. UP) Governor Thomas E. Dewey changed his campaign pace today in preparation for a forthcoming discussion of foreign policy issues after an applause punctuated declaration in St. Louis last night that the New Deal offers only "deliberately planned, noisy chaos and bungling in the days ahead." Aides said the New York governor plans a "dispassionate" discussion of the problems of maintaining fn- ture peace at the New York Herald- Tribune forum tomorrow night, as a departure from the full stride attacks on President Roosevelt and the New Deal which he renewed in St. Louis. Dewey told a cheering crowd which overflowed the 11,500-seat Kiel auditorium the New Deal has failed not onjy at. Jiome bu.t abroad and demanded to know: "Can an administration which Is filled with quarreling and back-biting where we can see It be any better abroad where we cannot see it?" the crowd roared "no." A long torchlight parade, which wound through the streets, gave Dewey's appearance In St. Louis the flavor of old-time political campaign rallies. It was far his noisiest reception. Charges Incompetence He described the Democratic regime as "the most spectacular collection of incompetent people who ever held public office at the same time." He cited again a statement by Major-General Lewis B. Hershey, director of selective service, that "we can keep people in the armv about as cheaply as we could create an agency for them when they are out." Republican criticism of that statement had caused President Roosevelt to be "quite upset," the G. O. P. candidate said, and to accuse Dewey of using "reckless words, based on unauthoritative sources." Dewey then turned to a report submitted by Frederick A. Delano, the president's uncle, as chairman of the National Resources Planning Board. This report said, in part, that rapid demobilization of the armed forces after the war mlgnt "create unemployment and depression." and "the economic and social costs of retaining men in the services would be less than those involved in dealing with unemployment depression through civilian relief." "So this idea of keeping men In the army for fear that they won't get jobs after the war was In the report made public last year by Mr. Roosevelt himself," Dewey said. "The New Deal has had it in mind right along. Now let my opponent try to pass the buck to one of his assistants." The G. O. P. nominee said he thought that "our fighting men ought to be brought home from the armed services at the earliest possible moment after victory and to jobs and opportunity when they get here." There arc three qualifications which any national administration should have to meet the "mighty problems" of the postwar period, he continued. He said it must be "honest," must be run by people "trained and competent for their jobs," nnd must be a government that has "faith in the future of America and a wholehearted determination to make our system work." He pledged for himself and Governor John W. Brlcker of Ohio, the Continued on Page Two ^.MOTHER, 23, SLAIN FLASHES CONFER IN MOSCOW MOSCOW, Oct. 17. (UR)—British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden conferred today with Polish Premier Stanlslav Mikolajczyk and Foreign Minister Tadeusss Romer. Eden was a luncheon guest of Soviet Foreign Commls- .Bar V. M. Molotov at Splrldonavka House. Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Premier Josef Stalin conferred for two hours last night. STRIKE HITS SHIPYARD SEATTLE, 6ct.. 17. (UR>—Tieup of warship construction at the Todd-Pacific shipyards was threatened today when 400 day shift union welders left their jobs in protest over a- supervisory change in a walkout pronounced "unauthorized" by union official* and Shipyard President R. J. Lamont. U. S. Needs Woman Chief, Says Prof. HARVARD MAN PRAISES "FORTHRIGHTNESS," LACK OF SELF-DECEPTION CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Oct. 17. (UP)—What this country needs is a woman president, Professor Ernest A. Hooton, Harvard anthropologist, told an undergraduate interviewer today. "If women had run the affairs of the world for the past few thousand years, they could hardly have made a worse mesa of them than the men have," Hooton was quoted in the Harvard Service News, wartime counterpart of the undergraduate Daily Crimson. He emphasized woman's "magnificent forthrightness" and said: "Woman's reproductive apparatus is so complicated that all the rest of her has to be simple and great statesmanship calls for simplicity. It requires a perfect transparency that does not deviate in thought and action from a course set by the principles of right. . . . And to my mind such a character is more common in women than in men." "Their capacity for moral self- deception is smaller than that of males. They see things black or white and not in the neutral grays of the facile compromiser. "Our Interest Is In the official careers of women in our own democracy, and specifically in the desirability of electing 1 a woman president." WIFE OF NAVY MAN IS ATTACKED, STRANGLED SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 17. (UP)— A 23-year-old mother, wife of a navy man at sea, was attacked and strangled to death with her own slip in the foyer of the downtown apartment house where she lived early today. The body of the dead women, Mrs. Agnes Aguon, was found sprawled at the foot of the stairs, her clothes— including coat, dress and underwear —ripped from her neck to her knees, and her slip knotted about her neck. Police said a preliminary investigation had failed to turn up a single clue as to her murderer's identity. Mrs. Aguon's 13-months-old red- haired daughter, Tanya, was found safe with a friend, Mrs. Sophia Keurns, who had taken the little girl last Friday. The slain woman's mother, Mrs. C. A. Browne, lives at 4327 Bandini avenue, Riverside. A brother, John, is stationed with the army in Australia. Marriage license bureau records show that the dead girl, whose maiden name was Agnes Hoyopatubbi, married Felix Aguon last March 18 here. She stated she was of Indian extraction and gave her birthplace as Slim, Okla. Her husband, a steward second class in the navy, is from tho island of Guam and is reported somewhere at sea. Friends said Mrs. Aguon left her apartment about 8 p. m. last night, dressed in the same blue and white dress and red coat found ripped and torn after her murder. Mrs. Aguon's body was found by a girl friend living at the same address, 2053 Divlsudero street, at 2:1)0 a. m. The girl, Marie Yourevich, stumbled over the body. A few minutes before another resident of the apartment house had stepped over the body and gone upstairs, believing she was drunk, he told police. The victim's red purse was found outside on the sidewalk by police. It did not appear to have been looted. Warren Confined to Bed WilKold SACRAMENTO Oct. 17 C*)—Governor Warren was confined to his bed in the executive mansion today suffering from what Press Secretary Verne Scogglns described as a "bad cold or possibly Influenza " The governor went to bed with the ailment last night upon his return from San Francisco where he had accompanied Governor John Brlcker of Ohio, Republican vice- presidential nominee. Scoggins said Warren ia expected to be absent from his office for several days. Mimi Forsythe Asks Divorce From Producer HOLLYWOOD, Oct. 17. (UP.)— Screen Actress Mlml Forsythe today filed suit for divorce from Producer Ben Bogeaus. ending their marriage of five and a half years. Miss Forsythe charged extreme mental cruelty and asked for custody of their son, Geoffrey Fors^the, 3%. 32 Major Okayama Buildings Destroyed; Bag 875 Nip Planes Nip Planes Sent Flaming Into Sea In Record Attack EDITOR'S NOTE: Oeorse E. Jones, veteran United Press war correspondent who covered the Solomons campaign ni.d recently witnessed the first carrier strikes against tho Philippines, de- HfrlbpH the October 14 sea-air battle off Formosa In the following dispatch: By GEORGE E. JONES United Pren War Correspondent ABOARD UNITED STATES CARRIER OFF FORMOSA, Saturday, Oct. 14. (Via Navy Radio)—More than 100 Japanese planes were sent flaming into the sea today as this huge task force battled 10 hours against waves of attacking torpedo planes, bombers and fighters as it withdrew after three days of attacks on Formosa. This will be recorded QB the greiitest air battle since the Philippine sea engagement four mouths ago. In some respects it exceeded even that fight iu ferocity. There the enemy plnnes rarely succeeded In breaking through to reach their targets. Standing on the hangar deck of this flagship, I saw planes crashing in flames on all sides. One fell on the fnntail of a ship which continued on its course firing while the crew put out the flames. The task force, one of the largest warship fleets ever to roam the seas, sent up a terrific barrage of anti-aircraft fire. Guns of this ship accounted for at least two of the enemy planes. Sky Filled With Fin- Lieutenant-Commander Scott Me- Cuskey of Stuttgart, Ark., flying a Hellcat on fighter patrol, broke suddenly from a cloud Into a clour sky and an unprecedented scene of violence. "Everywhere I looked there was anti-aircraft fire. The skies were filled with it and, boy, was I scared," McCuskey told me. The Japanese attack apparently was an aerial pincers assault from land bases in the, northern Philippines and Formosa. Tho first indication of trouble came at midday HS we. took a southward course. Fighter patrols began shooting down single "bogeys" outside our screen. Shortly after 3 p. m. a formation of enerny bombers flying high broke through the protective fighters and began runs against our ships. Explosion Unheeded One bomber sighted this ship, approached at high altitude—taking evasive action—and dropped a bomb less than 100 feet astern. The bomb explosion almost wa.s unheeded In tho terrific roar of anti- Continued on Page Two NIPS AVOID TROUBLE— The. Japanese fleet went scurrying for its bases after seeing that Admiral Halsey's rampaging Third Fleet, off Formosa, still was unimpaired in strength. American B-2!) Super- fortresses blasted Formosa again today, hitting the great Einansho air base at Tainan. Tokyo said American planes raided Manila again today, for the second time in two days. PACIFIC HERO'S SUYERJOUGHT DEER HUNTER'S BODY FOUND NEAR NEVADA CITY NEVADA CITY, Oct. 17. (JP>— Search for the slayer of a deer hunting Pacific war veteran was under way today by Sheriff Carl Tobiassen. The body o£ Francis Henry Lewis, 24, partially stripped of clothing and with a bullet wound in the back, was found In snow mountain canal in Willow valley by a party of searchers, the sheriff said. Following: a trail from the body to tho entrance of an abandoned mine, the sheriff said evidence was discovered Indicating someone had been using the tunnel for living quarters. The sheriff expressed belief Lewis was murdered after he had discovered the hideout. Lewis was awarded the Purple Heart, medal for wounds received in the Pacific war. He had been honorably discharged from the service. NAME TRAINS FOR COBB MEMPHIS, Tenn., Oct. 17. (UP.)— The Illinois Central railroad has announced that two of its crack passenger trains operating between Memphis and Louisville will be called the "Irvin S. Cobb," in honor of the late humorist. 96 Groups Stress Voting Procedure in World Council By K. 11. SHU'KELI OKI) United I'rt'Kfl Mtat't' (Jorrespundent WASI 1IXOTO.V, Oct. 17.—Ninetysix organizations, representing u cross section of American life, have made, plain to state department officials that the public is opposed to the voting procedure in. the New World Security Council that would allow one of the big powers to vote on ;in issue Involving Itself. This was learned today from dele- Kates who attended the state department's opening meeting of a campaign to promote public discussion of the Dumbarton Oaks proposals for a new world peace organization. Meels With Representatives Undersecretary of State Edward R. Slettinius, Jr., and other members of the American delegation which formulated the proposals met for two hours yesterday with representatives of the 96 organizations which covered lawyers, labor, business, farmers, churches, racial and civic groups, veterans, and organizations interested in world security. The meeting was not public, but some delegates revealed later that the most critical questions pertained to the Russian proposal that a permanent member of tho Security Council—one of the big powers— should be a veto power over collective action, even If the action were against Itself. There has never .been any doubt how the state department and the American delegation stands on that Issue, The American legal system Is built on the theory that the accused shall not sit on the jury. But some i of the participants in yesterday's meeting were understood to have sought assurances that the United States will continue to press for its viewpoint. The voting procedure of the council is the major remaining unfinished business of the Dumbarton Oaks conference. The four powers have agreed that economic, diplomatic and military sanctions should be imposed only on majority vote of, the 11-natioii council, provided the majority always includes all permanent members—the United States. Great Britain, Soviet Russia, China ami eventually France. Agreement Fails Complete agreement on that section bogged down when the Russians insisted that that procedure should also prevail even though one of the permanent members was a party to the dispute, being considered. Tho Russian attitude on this point wa.s set forth clearly in the latest issue of the Soviet embassy's information bulletin, which said: "Tho adoption of this proposal (to exclude the nation involved) would essentially mean the renouncing of the principle of harmony and unanimity in the settlement of problems concerning one of the leading powers—a permanent member of the council and the attempt to solve such problems behind the back of this power. "Moreover, such a presentation of the problem Is obviously inconsistent." U. S. Battleships Undamaged in Long Air-Sea Battle "WASHINGTON, Oct. 17. (Jft— Striking at the island of Formosa for the third time in four days, B-29 Superfortresses today attacked Einansho. an important Japanese air field and supply depot 10 miles southeast of Tainan. The Twentieth Bomber Command reported no planes were lost. Some fighter resistance was encountered, but anti-aircraft fire was meager, the announcement said. The new strike followed close on the heels of yesterday's raids on Okayama and Heito. Photo reconnaissance from yesterday's mission showed "excellent results," today's communique said. Of the 34 major buildings at the Okayama target, all but two were destroyed. By CHARLES H. McMURTBY UNITED STATES PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTmSi PEARL HARflOR, Oct. 17. UP)— Part of the Japanese fleet came out to look at the United States Third Fleet off Formosa !*it turned and fled when it discovered the American fighting strength was unimpaired, Admiral Chester W. Nlmitz announced today. His terse couimunicjue giving the lie to Japanese boasts of a great air-naval victory in the western Pacific said of the enemy sortie: "On discovering our fighting strength unimpaired, they avoided action and have withdrawn toward their bases." "There has been no damage of consequence to our batleships or carriers" in the week-long strike .along the inner island approaches to Japan, NIPS OPTIMISTIC By United Press The Japanese people, radio Berlin suggested today, received their first assurance that everything was going well at Formosa from a flight of cranes over the Imperial palace in Tokyo. The cranes, considered a good luck omen in Japan, flew over the place just as the "great victory" of Formosa was being announced, Berlin said, adding that all Tokyo took the flight us a sign of good luck in the next stage of the battle. P. S.—The "great victory" of Formosa cost Japan almost 900 planes and the loss of Formosa's three main air bases. from the Kyukyu islands to the Philippines, Nimitz said, Two ships apparently destroyers or cruisers, in Admiral William F. Halsey's Third Fleet were damaged. But they were able to retire under their own power. Nimitz 1 blunt denial of Japanese assertions was made almost simultaneously with a war department announcement that China-based Su- perforts bombed Formosa today in their third attack within four days on the fortress island. Previously Nimitz announced that seaborne fighters and bombers were still attacking the Philippines, opening the second week of raids on the Ryukyu islands, Formosa and the Philippines. New Japanese aerial losses announced today brought to from 870 to S75 the number of enemy aircraft knocked out in the first week of these raids. The about face of the Japanese fleet apparently ended another attempt to lure the reluctant imperial navy into battle. Tokyo Boasts This flat refusal to engage the mighty Halsey-Mitscher force belies radio Tokyo's broadcast that imperial warships not only engaged the American fleet but claimed sinking up to 52 ships, including 11 carriers, a preposterous figure. Nimitz also disclosed that Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's carrier pilots destroyed 164 enemj aircraft in the October 13-14-15 bombings of Formosa and in defending the carrier force against torpedo attacks. Nimitz earlier said two American ships were damaged by Japanese aerial torpedoes. This communique reporting "our fighting strength un impaired" substantiates his earltet statement regarding minor and further contradicts tn* of Tokyo. i CasuaKte* UcM "During the fighting between our carrier task forces and the enemy Contlnutd on P*M Tw»

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