The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 16, 1944 · Page 16
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 16

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Monday, October 16, 1944
Page 16
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Monday, 'Ottober 16, 1944 Cbitortal $age of Stye IBakcrsfielb Califorman ALFBED HARWELL •OITO* AND rOSLHSSS fie IB port efflc* «t B«lr»r«fl*Id, California. •» second clan mall uhdar 11)» act of Conffreu March 3. 1S79. .. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Prest \m exclusively entitled to the use for puhllcn- tlwi of all newi dlapatches credited to I' or not otherwise credited in this paper, and al*o the local newt published therein. Bakersfleld Callfomlan In al«n a client of <he United Preu and receive* lt» complete wire service. REPRESENTATIVES Weat-Hollday Co., Inc. New York, Chicago, San Francisco. Los Angeles. Seattle, Portland. Denver WASHINGTON, D. C., BUREAU The Haskln Service, Washington, D. C. By carrier or mail (In advance) In postal zones nne, two, three, par month, 85c; «lx months, $510; one yetir, 1900. By mall In postal zones four to eight, per month, $1.05. NOT ON PARTISAN BASIS A :CORDING to figures compiled by County Clerk R. J. Veon, the registration of voters in the county this year will be between 55.000 and 60,000, the highest in its history excepting only the year of 1910. The segregation of voters into parties indicates now a Democratic majority of about two to one, including the 4000 ballots that have been sent to absentee voters, principally in the armed forces. However, it may be prophesied that never in the history of the country will partisanship be manifested so little as in the November voting. People are not thinking in terms of fealty to political organizations now, but, rather, their prime thought is the welfare of the nation. On that basis many millions of votes will be cast but registration majorities are not wholly indica- tive'of the verdict that will be rendered by the electors. --Emphasizing the spirit of non-partisanship which appears to be growing throughout the country, "The Carpenter" for October, a monthly publication representing the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, says: "Current attempts to deliver a vote in bloc may cause editorial writers and politicians to forget that the workers in this country have a tradition of voting as free Americans, but labor has neither forgotten that tradition nor wishes to forget it, for labor knows that political freedom is incompatible with regimentation, and that on a day when American voters are marshaled to the polls to vote in economic blocs, on that day American democracy and the civil and political liberties of our day will be dead beyond hope of revival." And that finding will appeal forcefully to the average reader. There is no difference in the sentiment among people, irrespective of their employment or of their business association. Those who expect to influence the industrial life of the nation at the ballot box, or the American labor vote, will find that when the elector goes into the booth he will now, as always, be guided by his own conclusions, based not upon affiliation wjth business or labor or politics but by what he beh'eves will best serve the interest of free America. And that will be true as the vote is cast in Kern County in November as throughout the nation, everywhere except in the Solid South where political affiliation today is largely based upon the injustice done to the people of a whole section following the Civil War. PEACE AND POLITICS will be agreement with the thought J. that politics should have no part in determining the peace program which must have consideration following the close of hostilities. Happily, that is a view expressed by leadership in each of the major parties and it is reflected in the sentiment of the people of Uie nation generally. For more and more, the thought is emphasized that possible political advantage should be eliminated in the consideration of this issue. There will be agreement with an editorial paragraph in the Christian Science Monitor which says: "Those with memories of the years between Versailles and Pearl Harbor must hope for something .belter than party linc- Uj»s which marked the failure to make peace last time and to prepare for war this time. There is a proper province for politics in the peace making. Congressional debate can help test the ground for peace, but mere partisanship, cither plain opposition or sheep-like support has no rightful place." THROUGH THE GENERATIONS ERE is something that should interest the population of the United States, most of which will be contributors to the revenues created through taxation. The national debt at the present lime is 209 billions of dollars. It is estimated that when the war is ended th% aggregate debt will be in the neighborhood of 300 billion. But based upon present figures, the cost in interest alone on what ibe nation owes now amounts to 4 billion dollars annually. Cj\_very considerable part of the national indebtedness is due, of course, to the cost ol carrying on the war. But on the other hjand, a vast monthly expenditure is increas- ing the debt and to a degree that is disquieting. There is a remedy for that and it lies in the reduction of maintenance costs. The sum that can be saved has been emphasized by Senator Byrd and others. After investigation, they realize that the army of em- ployes, some 3,000,000 in number, is far beyond the needs of economical administration. This problem is one that can be solved but that will not be accomplished unless those in authority believe that there is a remedy for the situation and apply it. We need more discussion upon this subject and it would be heartening if the leaders in the two major parties could find themselves in agreement that the country cannot very well continue the 4 billion dollar payment to meet simply the interest on the debt as it has now been created. In this connection a prediction made by Senator Taft will not fail to be of interest. He believes that in addition to paying the interest, about a billion dollars per annum can be paid upon the principal. That means, then, that we will, 300 years from now, be contributing to meet the national obligation of today. The only compensating feature of that situation is that the 300. years shall represent that many years of peace. And if that should eventuate perhaps we might consider the debt of today a fairly good investment insofar as it was created in aid of the war effort. NO PILOT ALIBIS T HE duck hunter, quail shot and doughty nimrod in pursuit of San Joaquin valley game fowl retains his alibi while the army fighter pilot loses his. So successful has been the use of 16-millimeter motion picture cameras in recording hits and misses of fighter planes that the air corps has decided to equip all combat planes with such cameras. After the combat mission a pilot can go to a projection room, run his film through and on the screen see all his hits, misses and is thus enabled to make an analysis of his errors in maneuver. The films will prove and are proving invaluable to combat neophytes, loo, as they can learn a great deal before being exposed to the dangers of actual combat. But the use of such cameras in all planes will eliminate alibis. The record of each aerial fight will be there in black and while to confute or support the pilot. Duck hunters and game shots, however, still have their alibis, for to date no one has attached miniature cameras to their shotguns and their stories can and will grow with the vears. RANDOM NOTES "Pass the butler, please." There will be no heed, at many a breakfast table to thai request, and for the very good reason that there appears to be lillle or no butter. Which naturally inspires the question, why? According to available statistics there are one-third more cattle in this country than ever before in its history, yet there is a scarcity of meat—and now a scarcity of butter, and, we may add, accepting the word of those in authority, the situation is likely to grow more acuate as the days pass, for even in this distressing situation the number of ration points for butler increases as lime marches on. Again, who can give Ihe answer? If the shortage is due to Ihe fact that a large part of our butler is going to the armed forces, well and good, bul if Ihere are difficulties that arc economic surely there ought lo be a cure for them. Many cows in the pasture, few in the milking pen and nobody to milk them! Is there nol a solution? » » # Are we just a trifle impatient these days? Perhaps, but impatient we seem lo be. That is emphasized by the fact that try as you will you cannot sometimes reach the phone in order to prevent the caller from hanging up the receiver. The reader has had that experience not once but frequently. He hears the bell, he realizes the impatience thai is so often manifested and he hurries lo the phone. But no matter, he cannot make contact with the person at the other end of Ihe line for the very good reason that that person is no longer on Ihe wire. He quits before there is a response. If you ask why, well we don't know; it may be because I here is a war on ! » » » Mr. Wallace is saying things again. In a recent speech he declared that Dewcy is just a "stooge." It would be interesting if he had elaborated that statement by adding the names of those Ihe candidate will serve in case he is chosen as President. Certainly not Mr. Browder nor Mr. Hillman nor the Hague machine of New Jersey nor the Kelly machine of Chicago nor the Pendergast machine of Senator Truman's state. Mr.. Wallace ought to be a little more'explicit and give the voters his reason or reasons for making such an assertion. Later perhaps he may, as in Ihe case of Ihe destruction of pigs and, form products of another day, be ready lo forget what he now declares in a public speech. 1 lie VVar 1 o cl ay By HAL BOYLE By Associated Press WITH AMERICAN TROOPS IN GERMANY, Oct. 3 (Delayed).—Soldiers have had dud shells land close to them and have come through the ordeal with nothing worse than a case of shaken nerves, but Major D. L. McReynolds is one of the few men to survive the effect of a live 150-mm. shell dropped only 4 feet away. This Cleveland, Tenn., officer and the rest of the personnel in a forward command post which directed the newest breach of the Siegfried Line are still knocking wood because they all came through without a scratch. McReynolds was standing In a room when the shell hurtled through Ihe wall and whizzed on through tlio floor 4 feet from him. Stone fragments and cement showered through the room. Major Warner C. Giles of Athens, Tenn., standing next to McReynolds. "A door hit me across the back and I though I was gone to glory," Giles said. The shell apparently was of the delayed type which explodes a fraction of a second after impact, enabling it to penetrate first and thus more damage when it bursts. Lieutenant Oscar Rechtschaffen, fi7«l Seventy-eighth street, Middle Village, N. Y., and Lieutenant Ounther of Fairlong, N. J., were driving through a small town when they saw a sign in a small caO rending "Forbidden to .Tews." The uvo officers politely asked the proprietor to remove it. "Whey we must always have slRns up like this forbidding Jews," the proprietor protested. "Well, the Nazis aren't here anymore and now it is forbidden to put up such signs," said Gunther. Down came the sign. By ROBERT M. RICHARDS (L'niled I' War Correspondent WITH THIRD ARMY, ALSACE- LORRAINE, Oct. 10.—It rained today. Chances are it will rain again tomorrow and doughboys won't be able to cross any road without carrying most of it nway on their boots. The romantic mile-chewing war appears to be finished for the present. Gone are the exciting days when the speed-loving G. I.s raced ahead in tanks, their pennant-like aerials flapping In the breeze. The fighting has settled down to the muddy, plodding business that so irritated their fathers who fought In France. Victory Is close but the fighting is tough. Sometimes—as In Fort Driant—they epeak of gaining 50 yards with the same exultation they used in describing the capture of an entire city. They know now that they may fight through this coming winter. Chill winds, whistling through their tents and bucking against their jeeps, tell them thnt. , They know, too, that the Germans definitely have gained their second wind and are fighting more desperately than they did in the days around St. Lo. Every day, almost every hour, they kill Germans or get killed. Despite all of this the boys seem curiously unaffected. Like all soldiers in all wars, they are homesick. They grumble about the food and cuss the cooks. And they wish they could flop in a hot bath in Paris. But they remain completely confident of their ability to sweep to Berlin. I have asked «many of them how they would feel about fighting through the winter. Most of them grinned. Others laughed aloud at the question. "Hell, we wouldn't like it at all." Then they invariably added: "We reckon it sure would burn our old man." They were referring to Lieutenant- General George S. Patton. Sometimes it see.-is as if these top sergeants, lieutenants and captains are more worried about how Patton Is going to f°el about the situation than they are over a possible winter campaign. The explanation seems to be that fighting together since August 1 has welded them into a close team and what Patton feels, his Third Army -'eels too. They seem to believe firmly that come mud or hell or highwater, if their "old mun" stays happy everything is bound to be all right eventually—even if the war isn't over by Christmas. From tKe Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian. '.his date. 1934) Headlines: Injuries Fatal for Rowen Irwin. Death Takes Attorney of Bakersfleld; Former Kern Prosecutor Victim of Automobile Accident at Randsburg In Late 1933. Elks Will Arrange Funeral Services. Dr. Myrnie Olfford will address the morning session of the P. T. A. conclave Tuesday dedicated to the topic, "The Health of the Child." Kern river Is being heavily stocked with fine trout, a total of 11,000 Loch Levens having been planted below Kernvllle bridge by officials this week; 100,000 more are coming. Benny Martinez pnd Eugene Gl- roux have located a wind cave 60 miles from Taft. The cave bears signs of having been inhabited by Indians. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this late. 1924) J. O. Reavis has been appointed a deputy district attorney to serve under District Attorney H. E. Schmidt. Bakei-sfield's' Cotton Exchange is to be known henceforward as San Joaquin Cotton Selling agency. A black case of surgical instruments reported to have been stolen from the machine of Dr. Fred J. Crease was recovered and turned over to police today. Fourteen persons alleged to have been connected with a fan-tan game in old Chinatown were arrested and today pleaded not guilty. The raid was made by Patrol Sergeants Paul Shannon, D. P. Feely, Detective .John Lambert and Officers W. G. James and S. L. Mishler. N ews ike News -<By PAUL MALLON)- Jrioll y woo d -(By MONTY WOOLLEY) (Pinch-Hitting for Erskine Johnson) A board isn't really funny. I've worn one for almost 17 years. I've listened to every beard joke under the sun in that time, and I've never heard one that really made me laugh. For nigh onto 17 years I've forced a smile hile dull people asked me whether I wore it under | or over the covers. j Cole Porter gave n party for me : not so long ago. Ho invited the > most important people he knew. At I the party was > bearded lady. Cole had hired her Cor the afternoon. He introduced her to everyone as my sister. Now that I've pioneered the beard, braved the world's bad jokes and proved in "The Pied Piper," "The Man Who Came to Dinner" and most recently in Damon Runyan's "Irish Eyes Are Smiling" that a beard is an asset to any man and especially to an actor, the joke's gotten thinner and thinner. Beards have begun to be fashionable and even popular. Walter Pidgeon donned one in "Madame Curie." Orson Welles sprouted one for his role in "Jane Eyre." Joe McCrea had to grow one to portray 'Buffalo Bill." Laird Cregnr sports a nifty as the psychopathic killer in ' Hangover Square," and so does Sir Cedric Hardwicke as the Back Bay patrician, "Henry Cabot Lodge," In Darryl F. Zanuck's j production of "'Wilson." j Anyone can sit down and with a j Tninimum of mental effort call off at least two score of ranking Hollywood players who have taken to beards recently for the sake of their art. It's not a joke any longer. The next time you see a newsreel or a newspaper photo showing the boys at the front, count the beards and you'll see what I mean. They're mostly heroes. They'll remain heroes, too, if they continue to wear them on their return .home. But the going won't be near as tough for them as it would once h-.ive been. For that they can thank Monty Woolley. Actually, the reason for my beard is both simple and profound. I had been at Yale for many years teaching English and working like a beaver to build up the dramatic .department. Along about that time the university was given a million- theater workshop. I felt at least my efforts would be rewarded and I would be made head of the new department. The university officials heard me respectfully, nodded kindly and then hired another man—a Harvard man, at that, for the job. That night I stood before my mirror and looked at myself long and hard. I said, "What's wrong with you, Monty? You have brains, You have talent. You get along with people and you have a~distinguished appearance. What is it you lack?" , The answer came in a sudden illuminating flash. And see what the beard has done for me? It's been the making of Woolley. Also, there's only one person who can wear a beard, aside from Cole Porter's girl friend, and that's man. A beard is the distinguishing mark and the dignity of a male As for their romantic appeal, I tell you simply—ask the man who owns one. When you're thinking of postwar planning, don't forget the beard You'll see more beards in the next few years than ever before in the world's history. You're bound to. Since women have gotten to wearing pants, males simplly have to grow a beard to let the world know who's the man of the house. (Copyright, 1944. NEA Service, Inc.) THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1914) C. M. Stoll has recovered his Overland car which was stolen several weeks ago from in front of the home of Fred H. Hall. Twenty ostriches ownad by Tracy ostrich farm arrived in Bakersfield this morning over the Southern Pacific and were taken to Buttonwillow. This makes a total of 75 owned by the farm. Mrs. P. J. Cuneo entertained Priscilla Club at her home this afternoon. Justice N. P. Conrey is a candidate for re-election. Fire works will be used in the auto parade in compliment to Candidate Denver Church Saturday. Each car will be supplied with Roman candles according to T. E. Klipstein. C. B. Colby and A. E. Hoagland, who have charge of the parade. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this (lure. 1904) Chinatown; destroyed by fire, is being rapidly rebuilt. Thomas Dicker-son is circulating a petition to get a rural route for Pylema. Contractor John Kaar is building five new cottages for dwelling purposes in Kern. Members of St. John's' Episcopal Guild of Rosedale hope to build a guild hall in that community. Headlines: Japs Still Force Slavs Back; Russians Battling to Protect Rear Lines. With the opening of the hunting season, ducks are reported to be plentiful ,ln the county and valley. Ben L. Brundage will attend an irrigation convention in Modesto. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date, 1894) The moving of Mr. and Mrs. Alex Mills from Bakersfield takes two of the town's most active social workers. Mrs. Mills is one of the city's popular singers. She was the guest of honor at a serenade and evening party arranged by Professor Taylor and was presented with the finest Oxford Bible that has ever been brought to Bakersfield. Mrs. J. D. Brown fell from a stepladder yesterday afternoon while she was hanging some pictures. The Afro-American Club held a meeting last night presided over by Professor Hascom. Leet & Lang and E. Salcido opened their new buildings Saturday night. 1 lie iKeaders* Jroint of View ON NUMBER 11 Editor The Californian: Number 12 on the ballot is dynamite. No. 11 Is T. N. T. Should No. 11 become law the business man will pay 3 per cent on his gross income which includes the wages paid to his help. Then the wage earner will pay an additional 3 per cent, and this will continue to pyramid into a staggering and an unthinkable amount of expense. It is almost as bad as that other crack-pot theory known as Ham and Eggs. In the name of .common sense, I advise a vote "No" on No. 11. J. W. HICKS. SPEED THE DAY Editor The Californian: To Mr. Jorln. Ho seems to think he's giving me quite a jarring? As to the facts about the President being indispensable, Mr. Jorin is quite right about the Democrats proclaiming him us such in the convention. Of course, the only difference, the Democrats were sincere; but the Republicans, they simply sneer at the idea. The voters will settle that in November by giving him another four-year term! Mr. Joriu asks what c^nld smoll worse Uian the Now Deal record for the past 10 years? The only thing I pan think of is Ihe Hoover and Harding administration! When the soldiers were storming Washington for redress and the Tea Pot Dome v scandal, they are still fragrant, though not very fresh! As to the unemployed problem, neither party has settled It yet, and the mustering out of the soldiers Is to proceed as quickly as possible after the war Is over, that Is the law. As to the bureauraclea, they have been created to look after crooked business, and they have a tough time doing It. It takes quite a number of hounds to catch one fox; hence the number of bureaucracies and their cost. This Is what most of the slickers object to. not only that, they have to help defray the expense of being caught Boy, and this really makes them mad! Don't wonder at It, do you? The spending record from Hoover to Washington is Informative, but we can't have war and keep down costs at one and the same time. We have not evolved to humans yet? God speed the day, and clsar our minds to make the way! JAMES PEARSON. 6(10 Roberts Lane, Bakersfleld, Calif. LETTER TO PRESIDENT Editor The Californian: W. L. Nichols of 1215 Knott street has written a letter of confidence to President Roosevelt that all* local Democrats and other supporters of the President will enjoy seeing in your Readers' Viewpoint. The letter follows: "Dear Mr. President: "I congratulate you for your generosity in accepting the nomination for president for a fourth term. I realize that It is a great responsibility for you to assume, but I am sure that you are the only man in this country that we can trust to lead us through this great and troublesome period. When I review the past 2-1 years, 12 nf them Republican-governed, I see how they took office in the most prosperous times I have ever known and at the end of 12 years (1932) left us in the depths of depression. "\Ve remember how banks went broke, along with the businessmen and farmers. Our laboring men were starving in their paper and tin shacks on city dumps and in slum areas. But, when you, our great Democratic president, came into power, you provided food for the starving people and jobs for the workers, building our nation up until it is the most prosperous in the world. "As commander-in-chlef of the army and nuvy you have had our army and navy expanded until they are the greatest in the world. ''Your good neighbor policy is an outstanding achievement. "1 am hoping and trusting that our American people will retain their senses long enough to re-elect you to carry us through the chaotic condition* of the world and to help establish a good. neighbor policy throughout the world. "A LOYAL DEMOCRAT." CARPENTER'S LOCAL Editor The Californian: The following resolution was adopted by Carpenters Local No. 743 at the regular meeting October 4, 1944. RESOLUTION Whereas, Our country Is engaged in a titanic struggle on the many battlefronts of the world to destroy the enemies of Democracy; and Whereas, The accomplishments of this purpose calls for a united effort from those on the home front to supply our armed forces with the necessary for a complete victory; and Whereas, Any slackening of that effort on the home front would but lead to the sacrifice of many valuable lives and delay in accomplishment of that purpose; therefore, be it Resolved, That Carpenters Local No. 743 calls on all its members and friends to regard victory in Europe, not as a time for celebration, but as a stimulus to greater effort and determination to carry on our part in supplying our troops on other fronts u-ith the tools for final and complete victory. T. J. CONARTY, Recording Secretory, United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America. Bakersfield, October ]6, 1944. GRATEFUL TO UNKNOWN Editor The Californian: We would like to thank the young man who was so good to help us start our' car last Wednesday night on Nineteenth street, across from the Western Union office. We were BO anxious to get to the hospital where my dad is ill and so upset over the car, we were afraid we were remiss in showing our gratitude and wish to take this method of trying to tell him, how grateful we are for the courtesy and kindness shown to us. We hope he will see this and understand why'we rushed off so quickly after he had started the.cur nnd we, 1 say, "Thank you," Sincerely, MRS. LUTHER _QA_RN£iR, SU., j AND DAUGHTER. P. O. Box 804, Qlldale, Calif. WASHINGTON, Oct. 16.—Labor's anguish at failing to get another wage increase out of the War Labor Board has been described in the press reports as "bitter." It was an ordinary, regulation bitr terness—and restrained. Labor leaders Green and Murray fulminated indignation. It was a routine indignation. No one got shot—and no general strike was called. Things are not always as they seem. With a presidential election day three weeks away they are apt to become less and less what they seem. For some weeks prior to the WLB report pleading lnsuf""lent data to enable wage action, the best labor reporters were able to write from Washington that the Roosevelt coterie thought another wage increase granted just before election would be too raw. Indeed what could be gained by it, in the way of votes, and even wages are n secondary consideration to this most vital electoral matter here now. The C. I. O. is already in Mr. Roosevelt's vest pocket, at least the leaders are. The A. F. L. is fairly well split, but labor, as such is counted definitely for Roosevelt. This Is not enough to win. The votes of white collar workers, business people, farmers and others are those for which he must campaign, Jhe ones he must lure. What better appeal could be made than the decision of WLB! My studied and informed Impression is that the wage increase now denied will be granted after the coming election. I, furthermore, have sound and full reason for believing the increase will not be 17 cents an hour in the steel Industry (labor never really expected that) but will be around half, probably 7 or 8 cents. I think the labor leaders dealing with Mr. Roosevelt on the matter, have for some weeks expected this delayed conclusion to their plea, whether they obtained their knowledge from a wink and a nod, or a promise. On the surface, it was made to appear WLB had handed the President a blazing potato, hut that Is not true either. The public members of the board, you will note from details of the action, decided to hold the question open for further investigation. The White House, to save itself the embarrassment of Immediate action or comment, had the report sent directly to Its economic stabilizer, Judge Vinson. In this way, the potato, rather cold as it is, can be fumbled comfortably about the government until after election. One superficial phase of thft development betrayed some genuine bitterness, but this was possibly a personal rather than a labor matter. , The caustic ^protest of labor's four " members on WLB was written hy A. F. L.'s George Meany and signed by the others. . What Mr. Meany thinks of the majority decision against him, is only half what he thinks of the Board Chairman William H. Davis. Away back in the John L. Lewis captive mine dispute wfth the board, Mr. Meany was out of town. An ardent supporter of Lewis, he wanted to vote by telephone, a customary consideration these boards privately grant ordinarily. Davis refused to let Meany record himself, and although the story never got out to the public. Mr. Meany has overlooked nj opportunity since then to let his indignation run concerning, anything Davis does. The political fakery surfacing the whole affair Is, in my opinion, con. clusively penetrated and exposed by the failure of the labor members of the board to resign and blow up the whole board setup. If they do not get their general wage increase after election, you may be sure this is exactly what they will do. T.hey will mean their indignation then. So also with the Petrillo demonstration. refusing to accept Mr. Roosevelt's request to allow the big recording companies to make musical records. Why Jim Petrillo Is one of the closest labor friends Mr. Roosevelt has. He enjoys the run of the White House, as few do. For Mr. Roosevelt's re-election he would no anything—even to rejecting a request. Also he would even change his mind just before election, and ingloriously accede if that action could make Mr. Roosevelt any more votes. t This is politics, my friends, not marbles. (World courrlnht, 1944, hy King Ffalurw 8m- rilritt. Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction In full or ,n part strictly prohibited.) on Col umn -(By PETER EUSON)If you want to know how President Roosevelt is being advised on domestic issues by his most intimate of confidential assistants, Harry Hopkin's piece in the new American magazine becomes must reading. It has some eye-openers In it and It shows that the old Public Social Worker No. 1 still has a few plans left in him in spite of recent illnesses, while as a pre-election document it beats any political promising speech ever delivered. For instance, Harry recommends that the minimum wage rate for a 40-hour week be raised from 40 to 50 or even 60 cents an hour. Think of the votes in that. "Sixty cents an hour." writes Harry, "means only $24 a week and that is certainly not a 'high' wage rate." It ^should be made clear that Hopkins is proposing this as a postwar program, but you can see what it would do towards defrosting frozen wages. Raising the minimum from 40 to 60 cents would be a 50 per cent increase, and while you can't argue that $24 a week is much, there are plenty of employers who will argue that for unskilled labor, a cent a minute is too much. Justification for this Increase In minimum wage rates Is given as the need for maintaining at high levels the consumption of the things people buy. More and more you hear this argument presented in Washington as a basis for the need to break the Little Steel formula. The thought is that paying people more money Is the best way In the world to Insure that there will be full buying power, full demand for food, manufactured goods and civilian services, full employment and full prosperity. How increased wages can be paid and prices kept down at the same time- wages being from 40 to 60 per cent of the costs of production—is never quite explained, except that industry can "absorb" the extra expense. Getting back to the Hopkins opus, he leans heavily on this argument, saying that lopping off overtime pay after the war's over will decrease wage payments by $15,000,000, and that wages will have to be increased to make up for a part of this loss. The figure usually given in this connection is $12,000,000, but why quibble over a mere $3,000,000 and, re- gardless of the amount, here Is another stone thrown to break the glass house of the Little Steel formula and the big idea of wage stabilization in general. Another Hopkins proposal to Increase this postwar purchasing power Is through unemployment insurance and public works. On the unemployment compensation angle, Hopkins wants the present state system junked and a nationalized service substituted. • He also wants a brand-new system of social security payments based on ability to pay, rather than the flat rate pa}' roll deductions now in force, which bear too heavily on lower income groups. Hopkins was the most famous of all the WPA administrators but in this piece he doesn't go into any details on just what public works he has in mind to relieve unemployment. Hopkins comes out for greater aid to small business and more enforcement of the anti-trust laws, but In his tax program he goes practically big business. "Taxes should be assessed primarily on the basts of ability to pay," he writes, but this can't be interpreted as a return of the old soak-the-rlch program, for he makes clear that he thinks excess profits taxes should be repealed and corporate income taxes lowered, with the granting of tax credits to people who receive dividends. You will find plenty of business men who will endorse all three. The chances of selling much of this program to Congress are decidedly slim, but still this isn't the popular conception of what the old Hopkins brain used to concoct. They must have cut something out of him up there at Mayo's. ( A THOUGHT FOR TODAY f :i Therefore say, Thus saith the* Lord God; Although I have cast them far off among the heathen, and although I have scattered them among the countries, yet will I be to them as a little sanctuary in the countries where they shall come.— Ezeklel 11:16. No pain, no palm; no thorns, no throne; no gall, no glory; no cross, no crown.—William Penn. oestions .and Answers -<By THE HAS1CIN SERVICE)Q. How was Clem Sohn, the Bird Man, killed?—T. H. E. A. Clem Sohn was killed in Vincennes, France, April 25, 1937, at an annual air circus. He had leaped from a plane 6500 feet above the earth but his parachute (ailed to open. He wore wings made of zephyr cloth mounted on steel tubes which formed a web between his legs and from his outstretched hands to his hips. With their aid he was able to navigate In the air for a considerable distance, sometimes gliding from 20,000 feet above the earth to within 800 or 1000 feet before opening his parachute. Q. When did the United States officially end the last war with Germany?—P. H. A. Congress by joint resolution signed by the President on July 2, 1921, declared the war with the late central empires at an end. Thereafter, separate treaties of peace were duly ratified by the Senate. Q. What country lies on the other side of the earth exactly oposlte the United States?—W. T. N. A. For most of the United States the antipodal region is in the south Pacific, west of Australia and east of South Africa, where there are few islands. Q. Does the Emperor Halle Selassie speak English?—T. T. A. H» knows English but prefers to speak French, which he learned as a child. Q. What do the Initials C. B. I. stand for?—8. W. B. A. The Initials stand for China- Burma-India theater. Q. When was the Siegfried Line, constructed?—N. B. G. A. The construction of the Sieg< fried Line was begun in 1938. Q. When and where was the playing card money Issued?—E. S. A. This was the first paper money of North America, issued in 1685. Inspired by a group of soldiers play-, ing cards, the colonial governor issued a proclamation that playing cards, duly signed by him, should be accepted as currency according to the value written on each one. Q. Did France pay any special tribute to George Washington at' the time of his death?—J. R. K. A. Two months after Washington's death elaborate memorial services In his honor were held in the Champ de Mars and for ten days every flag' and standard in France was hung with black crepe. Q. Please give the origin of the name Red Devils as applied to the British parachute troops which landed near Arnhem in The Netherlands.—F. K. B. A. The nickname comes from the red berets which they wear as part of their uniforms. * Q. Do thunderstorms occur In the polar regions?—R. B. W. A. Thunderstorms occur everywhere. In the polar regions they* are very rare, such a storm occurring about once every two or.three years. Q. What do the terms V-E Day and V-J Day stand for?—A. I. N. A. They medn Vlctory-ln-Europe Day and Vlctory-in-Japan Day. <J. When did the Washington Elm at Cambridge, Mass., die?—J. C. A. Forest Service says that the famous tree died In 1923. A nu)vt can ttt ttu tamer to >nt quntloa of f • t LIT writing Tin Uikemfleld i:«llroraltj> Infornatlus Uutnu, 516 Kyt Htmt. N. A

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