T „„ FBI Director Sees Breakdown If'ApatKy Continues' . ~ 4 Law Enforcement Up To Citizens' WASHINGTON (AP)-J. Edgar Hoover, about to enter his 40th year as FBI director, cautioned the nation today that it faces "a tragic breakdown of law and order" unless crime is curbed. The head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation said serious crime has increased by 114 per cent since 1950. One major cause, he said, is public apathy toward law enforcement—too many people adopt a "don't get involved" attitude. "Law enforcement," he said, "must depend on citizens who will report criminal acts and later testify about them." Back in 1917, when he was a fledgling lawyer, Hoover entered the Department of Justice as a clerk. His rise was rapid and 39 years ago next Friday, he became head of the FBI. He is now 68. Here, in the form of written answers to written questions, are some of the. views of the man whose anticrime career has made his name a household word: Q. What has been the greatest thrill of your career to date? A. It was that moment on May 10, 1924, when Attorney General Harlan Fiske Stone called me to his office and asked that I take over the bureau's reins. In the preceding months, the FBI had been rocked by scandal. It had become a dumping ground for political favoritism. Morale was low. Investigative operations were inefficient. The bureau was in need of a thorough reorganization and house cleaning. As I sat in the attorney general's office that day, I realized that here was a genuine opportunity for service to the American people. Q. What are the basic differences between the FBI today and as it existed in 1924? - A. Most noticeable, perhaps, is the fact that our jurisdiction has increased manifold. For example, during the gangster era of the 1930s, a series of crime bills—including such important laws as the Federal Bank Robbery Act, the Lindbergh kidnap statute and the Fugitive Felon Act — were passed by Congress and placed within the bureau's jurisdiction. In September 1939, as war clouds thundered over Europe, President .Roosevelt issued a directive making the FBI the civilian agency primarily responsible for safeguarding the nation's internal security. Investigations of espionage, sabotage and subversive activities have been one of the major areas of our responsibility ever since. More recently, Congress has passed a series of laws designed to help combat organized crime and racketeering. Several of these new laws are among the approximately 170 federal investigative matters over which the FBI has jurisdiction today. OTTAWA HERALD VOL. 67 NO. 123 OTTAWA, KANSAS, FRIDAY, MAY 3, 1963 7 CENTS TEN PAGES To Make A Long Story SHORT Bank Robbers Get $5,000 HALLAM, Neb. (AP) — Three men held up the Hallam Bank today, tied up the teller and escaped with between $4,000 and $5,000. Reed Carsten, 50, the teller, said the armed men were in the bank and waiting for him when he arrived about 7:45 a.m. He said he had just opened the vault and was preparing to take out the money when a man with a gun came up behind him and said: "I wouldn't mind using this. I mean business." Children Jailed In Birmingham BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (AP)-Juvenile Court Judge Talbot Ellis said today he will hold in jail an undetermined number of school children whose arrest in a mass antisegregation drive marked their second commitment to Ju'•' ' venile "If we've had them before, I'm not setting any bond," said Ellis "For first offenders, bond is $500.' Several hundred Negro schod children were among 600-700 persons, mostly teen-agers, arrested Thursday in what integration leaders described as the initial thrusi of a renewal of protest demonstrations against segregation. Rusk, Nehru Talk It Over NEW DELHI, India (AP)-Sec retary of State Dean Rusk dis cussed the world situation with Prime Minister Nehru today, giv ing special attention to India's tense relations with neighboring Pakistan. Rusk told newsmen he had a pleasant talk, with Nehru, bu would not disclose what was said Indian Foreign Secretary M. J Desai said the two leaders talka about the Congo, Laos, India' conflict with Communist China Indian relations with Pakistan and particularly the Kashmir dispute Tally's Toot So far hi the Merry Month of May we've had the heater and the air-conditioner turned on full blast. Billy Pronounces Daughter A Wife . MONTREAUX, Switzerland 'AP) — Evangelist Billy Graham oday pronounced his eldest daughter Virginia the wife of Stephan Tchividjian, 23, one of iis most active Swiss converts. In a picturesque 500-year-old church overlooking Lake Geneva, raham officiated at the wedding of Virginia, 17, to the son of a Swiss financier of Armenian origin. Won'tExecute Four Friday WASHINGTON (AP) -Justice Douglas of the Supreme Courl granted stays of execution to three men scheduled to die today in California's gas chamber al San Quentin Prison. Stays were granted to Joseph Rosoto, John Frank Vlahovich. and Donald ^fi^ — j,-..., ~. A fourth man, Charles also scheduled for execution today, had been saved Thursday night by a commutation from Gov. Edmund G. Brown. The gov ernor changed Colston's sentence from death to life imprisonmem without possibility of parole. Tension Eases In Caribbean SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic (AP)—The threat of wa between two Caribbean neighbors eased still further today with thi Dominican Republic's acceptance of the Haitian offer to leit 15 politi cal refugees in the Dominican Embassy in Port au Prince leav the country and the other seven go to the Colombian Embassy. Ladies White Patent Heels 10.99, Paines Bootery. Adv BETHLEHEM,. Pa. (AP)- flien some 400 first graders in iethlehem schools start learning o read next September, their les- ons will contain such strange pellings as "liebrary," "windoe," nd "muthers." The Weather COUNTY FORECAST - Partly cloudy and warm tonight and Saturday. High Saturday in 70s. Low tonight in upper 50s. High temperature yesterday, 70; loi today, 56; high year ago today, 83; loi year ago today, 64; record high thi date, 92 in 1952; record low this date 30 in 1903 and 1907; hourly tempera tures, 24 hours ending 8 a.m., today 9 a. m 58 9 p. m 5 10 a. m 60 10 p. m. 11 a. m 60 11 p. m. .......5 ...68 Midnight ...65 1 a. m 5 ...68 2 a., m 5 ...67 3 a. m. ...66 4 a. m. Noon 1 p. m. 2 p. m. 3 p. m. 4 p. m. 5 p. m. 6 p. m. 7 p. m. 8 p. m. 64 5 a. m 5 63 6 a. m 5 61 7 a. m. 58 8 a. m 5 Boeing Would Put Warplane To Test WASHINGTON (AP)-The president of the Boeing Co. has issued a challenge to the Pentagon: Let Boeing build four prototype TFX warplanes and test them against those of the General Dynamics Co., the winning bidder. Such a test, Boeing President William M. Allen told the Senate Investigations subcommittee Thursday, "offers the best possibility to assure the American people that the best weapons systems are being bought at the least cost" In fact, Allen said, he prefers a test to reversal of the Pentagon's decision and award of the contract to Boeing. The industrialist issued the challenge while denying that Boeing's bid on the TFX was unrealisticall; low. In defending the award to Gen eral Dynamics, Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara ha said he and other civilian chiel felt Boeing's offer was unrealisti cally low. Allen said Boeing's bid for development and production of th first 23 TFX planes for testin was 5148 million below Genera Dynamics' and was based on careful calculations. The TFX award—potentially }6.2-billion job—envisions eventua production of 1,700 fighter-bomb ers, to be the fastest in the work About 230 would be used by th Navy, the rest by the Air Force But, Muther, That's How We're Spelling Liebrary THE MISSES KANSAS — Miss Ottawa pageant tonight and Saturday night In Memorial Auditorium will feature appearances of the present and last year's Misses Kansas. Beverly June Wood (right), the present Miss Kansas, will do a Charleston at tonight's show. The 1962 Miss Kansas, Carolyn Jane Parkinson, will be on Saturday night's program. The pageant, in which 12 girls arc competing for Miss Ottawa title, will open at 8 each night. Area Work Picture Brighter "Employment is up," Cal Ew- ng, manager of the Ottawa employment office, reports. "Placements in non-agricultural obs showed an increase of about 1 per cent in March over those of February. At the same time the unemployment compensation claim load decreased by 59 per tent." The office serves Franklin, Anderson and Miami Counties. Ewing reports that the open- ngs received were about the same t there was a 13 per cent de- seekers. There were fewer agricultural placements due to the large number of placements lasi month and to unfavorable farming weather. "The testing program for high school students has taken much of our time the past month," the manager reports. "Many of the students are girls who will be available for jobs at the close of school." Some of the claim load includ ed garment factory workers in temporary layoffs for seasona factory adjustments. "We will concentrate next on placement of youth," Ewing says No, there's been no break down n spelling in the Bethlehem school system. The youngsters l be taking part in a three-year study of the benefits of the iritish-developed augmented Roman alphabet. The study, financed by a Ford Foundation grant, will be conducted by Lehigh University. Proponents of the 43-character augmented Roman alphabet say it ias been a success for teaching reading for youngsters aged 4 to 6 in England. The augmented Roman alpha bet uses 24 of the 26 traditional letters and 19 new ones. Missing are "Q" and "X" from the traditional alphabet and included are new characters to. provide for every sound in the English language. Developers of the new alphabet say the new characters eliminate some 2,000 spelling variations thai often trip up beginners and slow readers. Authorities in England say the youngsters tfier|i'havfe >J tdK^ i suc words as "liebrary," "windoe' and "muthers" in stride and have later switched to the standard 26- character spellings of "library," "window" and "mothers" easily John Downing of the University of London Institute of Education told the International Reading As sociation in Miami Beach, Fla. Thursday that the British system is being considered in New York City, Syracuse, Cleveland, De troit, San Francisco and Los Angeles. RED WING Boots, Work Shoes Paines Bootery. Adv Continue Assault On Mt. Everest DR. W. D. BEMMELS OUDean To Head KATMANDU, Nepal (AP)-One American and a Sherpa guide made up the team ihal look Old Glory to Ihe peak of Mt. Everest, an expedition spokesman said today. A statement radioed from the expedition's base camp, however, still kept secret the name of the American and the native tribesman who went with him. Sherpas live in the heights of Nepal. The statement read by the spokesman said all the climbers and support party had returned to the base camp. The spokesman said attempts to reach the 29,028-foot peak by two other routes were being planned. The team placed aluminum flags on the summit, the spokesman said. The successful climb was made from the South Col, a steep-sided pass. Dr, W. D. Bemmels, dean of Ottawa University, will become president of the Kansas Academy of Science in a session of the organization at Lawrence this weekend. He currently is president-elect. He will be toastmaster of the annual banquet of the academy tonight. Sessions began last night and will continue through tomor-.- row. Other members of the science division at OU arc attending the meetings. RED CROSS Shoes and COB- BIES — Paines Bootery. Adv. Fixed Up Nice For The Ball PRINCETON — Decorations are so nice, and so talked-about, for the annual Princeton High Junior-Senior Prom and Banquet that the students are going to let the public take a look. The Prom-Banquet will be Saturday night, May 5, beginning at 9. But the public is welcome to see the decorations, in the high school gymnasium, from 10 a.m. to noon Saturday. Plans are now going ahead for a second assault on the southeast ridge and an attempt by way of the western ridge, the spokesman said. Two previous successful expeditions—the British in 1953 and Swiss in 1956—reached the summit from the South Col. Chinese Communists claimed in 1960 they climbed Everest from (he north and placed there a bust of Mao Tse-lung. The spokesman said: "No evidence of previous expeditions was found at the summit." The spokesman was reading a report radioed from the base camp. An earlier message reported that all personnel were well. An expedition spokesman here ! said he had narrowed to eight (he Americans who made the first U.S. conquest of Everest Wednesday. Scout's Candy Sale Tonight Want something for yoiir sweet tooth? Then watch for the Boy Scouts of Troop 74 who'll be calling at homes this evening and tomorrow with boxes of chocolates for sale. Rex Crane, Troop 74 scoutmaster, said the Scouts will sell the candy to pay for a trip to the Lake of the Ozarks. They have 720 pounds of candy for sale. The names of the teams and heir achievements will be re- casccl only after all planned at- • tempts are completed. By a process of elimination an expedition spokesman listed the eight names from the 18 Americans on the mission. The 10 others, he said, were engaged in other tasks. The eight arc: Barry C. Bishop, 30, of the National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C.; Dr. David L. Dingman, 26, Baltimore; the expedition leader, Norman Dyhrenfurlh, 44, Santa Monica, !alif.; Luther G. Jerstad, 26, Eugene, Ore.; Richard Pownall, 35, Denver, Colo.; Barry W. Prather, 24, Ellcnsburg, Wash.; Dr. Gilbert Roberts, 28, Berkeley, Calif., and James W. Whilakcr, 32, Redmond, Wash. Boys Shoes, Guaranteed Soles, Heels, 5.99 Paines Bootely. Adv. Offering $27,500 For PO Building THIS IS THE WAY WE WASH STREET SIGNS - Wally Leecy, 913 N. Mulberry, washes street sign with new piece of equipment made by Ottawa Construction Equipment Division of Young Spring & Wire.. New piece of equipment, called Hydra Mobile, can be used to wash signs and other objects and can be used as weed sprayer along roads and highways. Bucket Leecy is standing in can be moved automatically to different positions around the truck. (Herald Photo) Prescriptions—Raney, CH 2-3092 Adv. The Board of Franklin County Commissioners has submitted a bid of $27,&00 to General Service Administration, Kansas City, Mo., for the old post office building, 2ncl-Hickory, which the commissioners have been negotiating for to house county welfare and extension offices. The commissioners submitted the bid after they were unsuccessful in obtaining it without cost from GSA and the Department of Hetlth Education and Welfare. The GSA offered the building to the Franklin County governing body, the Ottawa city commission and the Ottawa Board of Education earlier this year while work was progressing on the new post office where postal operations are expected to move in a few months. The Ottawa commission and board of education turned down the offer, but the county officials pdrsued it in order to move the social welfare offices from the second floor of city hall and give the extension offices more room than the agents and personnel have in the present quarters in the basement of the courthouse. GSA recently informed the county commissioners that the building could not be turned over to the county without cost, but that GSA would appraise the structure and the county could make a bid which would be either accepted or rejected. The appraised value was not dislosed. Gov. John Anderson last month signed a bill giving the Franklin County officials special permission to buy the building for no more than $50,000 without calling a special election. The legislature passed the special bill for Franklin County since there was no statute permitting a county to buy an existing building. 'Ihe $50,000 could be used ,.to. purchase and make necessary improvements on the building. The commissioners expect (o hear whether their bid is accepted or rejected within the next few weeks. When May A Man Shoot At Another? CHICAGO (AP)-At What point may a citizen use a gun to protect his property? A lively debate in Chicago on that question is posed by the case of Mario Fagnani, 32, a mechanical engineer. Fagnani told police he woke early Sunday, and saw four youths pushing his car from the driveway of his West Side home. He snatched up a pistol, ran downstairs and fired. Juan Figueroa, 18, was shot in the left leg. He was carried away by his companions in another auto that police said had been stolen. For the shooting of Fagnani was charged with reckless conduct. If convicted, he could face a maxi- mum penalty of one year in prison or a $1,000 fine. The charge was filed under a new Illinois Criminal Code adopted last year. Under the code a person may use force likely to cause great injury or death only if he reasonably believes such force is necessary to prevent the commission of a crime that carries the threat of violence. Soon authorities began to express conflicting opinions. Police Supt 0. W. Wilson said the code gives "added advantage to the criminal element," and dovetails with a nationwide trend in that direction. Judge Richard B. Austin of the U.S. District Court, chairman of a committee of lawyers who drafted the code, defended it. He tossed a pencil on his desk and asked a reporter: "If you steal that pencil and run out of here, am I entitled to shoot you?" Fagnani, free on $200 bond, will have a hearing May 14 in Boys Court. Figueroa is in good condition in the City Jail's hospital. Charges against him will be determined when he recovers. Figueroa's three companions were seized by police when they brought Figueroa to a hospital for emergency treatment. They are juveniles and will appear in Family Court on May 21. '
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