The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 16, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Monday, October 16, 1944
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Yanks Nab Wurselen, Close A achen Gap ********** **** YANKS BAG 100 NIP PLANES I NEW SMASH ON LUZON, MANILA THE WEATHEB Temperature High yenterday 80 Low today „ 61 •Rlnfoll Season (Airport) T Tear ago (Airport) T Heason (Land Company) T Tear ago (Land Company) T Forecant Clear today, tonlsht and Tuesday. Little change In temperature. Kern Pioneers Are Honored at Fete See Page 9 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1944 16 PAGES No. 66 ., • truu*lt BELGIUM •u,«. •Nemur Nancy FRANCE.,,., SWITZERLAND NEW DRIVE AT BELFORT—American and French troops slugged ahead In a new bid to outflank the Belfort Gap and pry open a road into southwest Germany, while at Aachen, where Yanks have been mopping up sections inside the city, the Germans opened a major armored attack. DEWEY GIVEN TUMULTUOUS CHEERS IN ST. LOUIS, mm G. 0. P. CANDIDATE WILL OPEN BID FOR FARM SUPPORT IN TALK; REPEATS PROMISE OF JOBS ST. LOUIS, Mo., Oct. 16. (U.E)—Governor Thomas E. Dewey said today he was "quite happy" about the 1 heavy registration of voters in New York City and did not subscribe to the theory that such a situation was to his disadvantage. Dewey told a press conference in, St. Louis, where he WAS to deliver another campaign address tonight, that he had not seen the final New 1'ork City registration figures.but was "happy, with the registration as. I see it." The Republican presidential n6mi- nee made the statement in response to a question on whether he subscribed to the*theory that a heavy registration in New York City would be in his disfavor. Straw Vote Favorite Dewey said also that the New York Dally News straw vote poll showing he has 50.3 per cent of the New York vote compared with 49.7 ner cent for President Roosevelt "is on the right side of the ledger." 1 In anewer to another qu«ry, Dewey said that he couldn't recall any assistance from Assistant Sec- •retary of State Adolph A. Berle, Jr., in his campaign for district attorney in New York City. Berle mentioned providing Dewey with such aid in a letter released by the White House last Saturday. The G./O. P. candidate was given • tumultuous welcome when he arrived in St. Louis to open his bid for the nation's farm vote. Thousands of cheering mid-westerners lined downtown streets as the Republican presidential nominee rode in an open automobile to the Jeffer- •pn hotel. Dewey and Governor Forrest C. Donnell of Missouri, who hafl boarded the G. O. P. special campaign train earlier, appeared on the »rear platform of the special at Bast St. Louis, 111. The New York governor said he would "bring honesty to the national government" after January 20 • "That is the issue, of this cam paign," he said. "Whether we want to continue down the New Deal road or whether we want a new administration that will bring opportunity and jobs for all." He also said he believed Donnell, who is running for the United States Senate, would be elected. The Dewey party then drove across'the Mississippi river. As the O. O. P; candidate entered St. Louis he was .saluted with loud explosions of "cannon firecrackers." Torn paper fell from the high office buildings when he reached the downtown section. There were shouts of "we want Roosevelt" when the entourage passed the Democratic campaign headquarters. One man carried a makeshift banner which read: . "Cards, champions of the world Dewey, champion of the people." Police estimated crowds along the parade route at between 25,000 and 40,000. " Dewey made the trip from New York without a platform appearance Last night, however, he Issued a 'statement to accompanying news paper men contending the White House reply to his campaign speeches confirmed his charge tha the Roosevelt administration failed to prepare the nation for war. The Republican presidential nomi nee reiterated the charge, which he made In a campaign speech at Okla homa City three week* ago, a* hi response to the White House state- mentor* refutation. The White House statement was Willkie's Funeral Is Set for Tuesday Floral Tributes Flood His Indiana Home Town RUSHVILLE, Ind., Oct. 16. GP> 'loral tributes to the late Wendell ,. Willkie from persons great and obscure flooded this town of 6000 today as preparations were made for • funeral services and burial in he little East Hill Cemetery Tues day. The simplest of services were planned in contrast to the spectacu ar rise of the 1940 Republican presi> dential standard bearer to interna ional prominence in his "one world." There will be no long list of hon orary pallbearers from among the :housands of persons who mourn WUHke's death. Eight men have been designated as pallbearers, seven of whom are tenants on Willike terms and the eighth, a former tenant. Among the scores of floral pieces received at the Rushville mortuary where his body lies in a massive bronze casket, was one offering from Madame Chiang Kai-shek. Another was from negro children of Atlanta Ga., sent by the Booker T. Washing ton School. 3 Nazi Attacks Smashed French, Americans Launch New Drive for Southern Germany SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, PARIS, Oct. 16. (U.E)—The United States First Army completely isolated besieged Aachen today by closing the Nazi escape corridor to the northeast after beating off three counterat- lacks by massed German armored forces. American doughboys captured Wurselen, 3 miles north of Aachen and stormed forward to break the shell-swept corridor out of Aachen while a Nazi attempt to break out of the city was thwarted. To the south Lieutenant-General George S. Patton's Third Army forces withdrew from their foothold In the key Metz outpost" of Fort Driant and Franco-American troops of the Sixth Army group attacking on a 60-mile front drove within 2 miles of the Schulcht pass leading to southwest Germany. Fighting Heavy Heavy fighting was reported in most parts of the western front between the Schelde- estuary, where Canadian forces were cleaning out the approaches to Antwerp, and the Belfort gap in eastern France, now threatened by a flanking drive about Lieutenant-General Courtney H. Hodges' First Army headquarters announced the closing of the Nazi escape corridor out of Aachen in violent figflting northeast of the city through which United States shock troops were chopping their way. German tanks and armor counterattacked three times around Verlautenheide, 3 miles northeast of Aachen, but Were repulsed, and the two arms of the First Army pincers now clamped securely on Aachen, were joined at 4 p. .m. below Wur- selerjj Wurselen Falls Wurselen fell to the Americans after heavy street fighting, enabling the First to fuse the pincers arms and completely seal off Aachen, the hard-pressed garrison of which now was being supplied by parachute after its failure in the attempt to break out to the east. Front dispatches said "a good proportion of the German armor in the west" was massed in the area east of Aachen. Today's three counterattacks brought to five the number thrown back in the last 24 hours, but a First Army headquarters dispatch said the expected full scale counter-onslaught by the Nazis had not yet developed. The counter-thrusts aimed at re- Continued on Page Fifteen PRISONER?—Hungarian Regent Admiral Nicholas Horthy, who sought an armistice with the Allies which failed when the Nazis staged a coup replacing the peace- seeking regime, Is reported a prisoner of the German garrison. HUNGARY REGENT NAZI PRISONER ARMISTICE PLANS FAIL; GERMANS HOLD BUDAPEST Truman, in Los Angeles, Asks Lewis to Back F. D. R. LOS ANGELES, Oct. 16. (UP)— Senator Harry S. Truman, Democratic vice-presidential nominee, today Invited President John L. Lewis of the United Mine Workers to reconsider his support of the Republican presidential ticket In the November election and back President Roosevelt. "I think the best interests of Mr. Lewis' organization would be served by %he Democratic party," Truman said in reply to a press conference question asking him to amplify a remark be made yesterday that the Democrats would accept Lewis' support it Lewie would "come back and. be a good boy." * Truman said he had been told Governor Thomas E. Dewey, Re- pullcan presidential.candidate, "read Lewis out of the Republican party" and added, "I didn't want, him to have no place to go." In Los Angeles for the first major address of his campaign tour at 7 p. m. today, Truman was asked to comment on Dewey's reiteration yesterday of the Republican charge that the administration had failed to prepare the. nation for war. "Mr. Dewey either, la not familiar with the facts or he's covering them up for political purposes," Truman •aid. "The Republicans fought tooth and nail against these preparations." A reporter observed that six vice- presidents had become president as the result of deaths of chief executives and asked the nominee if he would say anything about his policy if that "unfortunate thing should occur." "No sir," Truman replied. "I'm not looking forward to that. I don't think it's a proper question. I want the President to live his term out and finish this Job of winning the war and securing the peace." Asked about his association with the Pendergast machine in Kansas City, Truman replied that no candidate in Missouri 'could be elected without the support of that organization. Didn't Ask Support "I didn't ask them to support me," he said. "They supported me because I was a good vote-getter." He said he had been elected to the Senate in 1935 and that the scandals involving the Pendergast organization came in 1937. Truman also was asked to comment on the charge of Representative Clare Booth Luce (R-Conn.), that •President Roosevelt had "lied rather than led" the nation Into war. "No man can §ay what's on his mind when a lady is involved," he said. LONDON, Oct. 16. (UP.)—The Nazi-controlled Budapest radio said tonight that Admiral Nicholas Horthy had repudiated his statement yesterday in which he sought to take Hungary out of the war. LONDON, Oct. 16. (UP)—Nazi forces and their Hungarian sympathizers today appeared to hold temporary control of Budapest but the Hungarian capital was believed on the verge of Imminent attack by Red Army forces and possibly Hungarian army elements loyal to Re- gent-Admjral Nicholas Horthy, who sought an armistice with the Allies. A Budapest broadcast recorded by the BBC reported the formation of a new Hungarian government headed by Francis Szalasi, leader of the pro- nazi Arrow Cross party. Horthy's whereabouts were uncertain and there were reports he had been taken prisoner by the Nazis and their Hungarian Arrow Cross sympathizers. Armistice Planned The status of the armistice which Horthy was seeking with the Allies was equally uncertain but usually reliable quarters here said it actually had been agreed upon by Horthy and.the Allies before the coup d' etat in Budapest Sunday. The Budapest coup bore a close resemblance to the Nazi coup in Austria at the time they seized the country and imprisoned Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnlgg. It was reported the Hungarian armistice terms carried a provision for Hungarian forces to join with the Red Army in attacking the Germans in a manner similar to that in the Rumanian armistice. Evacuation Underway Soviet reports said the evacuation of Budapest by the Nazis and their sympathizers was underway and that vanguard elements of the Red Army were less than 60 miles from the capital. Fuller accounts of the radio speech of Horthy' yesterday before the coup revealed that he told the Hungarians that Germany had betrayed the country and was engaged In looting it of its resources. He also said he had reliable Information a coup- Continued on Page Three Reds Seal Trap on 75,000 Nazis Hammered Into Corner of Belgrade; Finland Escape Cut LONDON, Oct. 16. <U.E>— Yugoslav Partisans and Soviet troops hammered stubborn German forces into a tiny segment of Belgrade today to all but complete the liberation of the Yugoslav capital, while in the frozen north the largest Red army ever assembled in the Arctic swept south from conquered Petsamo for virtually seal a 1 trap of 75,000 Veteran Nazi troops in Finland. The final battle for Belgrade developed into savage hand-to-hand street fighting as the Germans backed into a 2-squnre mile triangular sector, at the confluence of the Danube and the Save rivers . under heavy pressure from Marshal Tito's infantrymen and motorized Soviet forces. At one point, Tito's units were only a half mile from a reportedly destroyed bridge over the Save, leaving the Nazis only a few pontoon bridges as escape routes from Belgrade. The final drive through the city, announced in communiques broadcast from Marshal Tito's headquarters in Yugoslavia, came as other Soviet forces intensified the campaigns along the entire eastern front from the Balkans to northern Finland. Krusevac Captured In other sectors, Red army troops captured Krusevac, 33 miles northwest of the key rail junction of Nis, in southeastern Yugoslavia; seized the rail town of Dej, on the Cluj- Satu Mare railroad in Hungarian- annexed Transylvania; continued the drive toward East Prussia by sweeping to Bull!, 6 miles west of Riga, and opened a momentous push through northern Finland from Pet- same. The Baltic offensive was augmented by heavy Soviet air assaults on the evacuation ports of Liepaja, where 26 German transports were sighted, Memel and Tilsit, in East Prussia. The clandestine radio At- lantik also reported that a major Russian attack against Tilsit could be.expected in the next few days. Continued on PaKe Thre« NAZFUYERGNANO FORTRESS, FALLS OPENS WAY FOR DIRECT ASSAULT ON BOLOGNA G. I. s Ready to Fight Star "Boy Fashion" SOLDIER LETTERS UPHOLD C. B. I. NEWSPAPER IN CRITICISM OF SHOWS NEW DELHI, Oct. 16. (UP)— The G. I.s of the China-Burma- India theater said today there was nothing they'd enjoy more than a chance to fight Ann Sheridan "boy fashion." Ann offered to take on the CBI G. I.s "boy fashion" after the CBI Roundup, army newspapers of New Delhi, critized the Hollywood actress along with other stars who have appeared in the CBI theater. The CBI lads said they would be delight to meet Miss Sheridan "boy fashion" either in the Lodi Tombs, New Delhi, Wilshire Bowl, Los Angeles, or "her own apartment." Sergeant John Derr, sports editor of the Roundup, who is in the United States on leave, cabled editor Floyd Walters suggesting that he be authorized to "call up Mike Jacobs and see if we can use Madison Square Garden." The C. B. I. roundup was deluged with G. I. letters supporting their attack on Miss Sheridan, Paulette Goddard, Al Jolson and Joel McCrea, who were charged with "dogging It" by cutting shorter elminating morale tours of the China-Burma-India theater. One G. I. said Ann had done more good for C. B. I. morale by her "boy fashion" challenge than by her performances in the war theater. On one point G. I.'s took issue with the roundup. Several wrote in to' support Joe E. Brown, who had been named with the others In the critical editorial. One private wrote: "I feel you've done an Injustice to that great showman, Joe-E. Brown. We've seen his show here and even when his own son wan killed he kept on entertaining In the true American spirit." The C. B. I. editors said they were studying reaction from men in the C. B. I. theater before" writing another editorial answering the comments from Hollywood. FLASHES FILE DEMURRER SAX FRANCISCO, Oct. 16. (UP) Defendant corporations and 11 individuals charged with exercising ' a world-wide monopoly of war-valuable borax In a federal anti-trust suit today filed a blanket demurrer, automatically pleading not guilty, before Federal Judge A. F. St. Sure. CHARGED WITH MURDER WASHINGTON, Oct. 16. (JP>— Marine Private First Class Earl McFarland was indicted today on two counts of first degree murder and one count of criminal assault in the rape slaying ot 18-year-old Dorothy Berrum on a public golf course two weeks ago. ASKS RECONVERSION CEILINGS WASHINGTON, Oct. 16. (UP)— The War Labor Board will ask President Roosevelt In its wage stabilization report for authority to establish wage rates In industries reconverting from war to cl* villan production, It was learned | today. ROME, Oct. 16. (UP)—American armored columns captured the German fortress of Llvergnano after a bloody five-day battle and opened the way today for a direct assault on Bologna, key city to the Po valley, less than 10 miles to the north. A communique also disclosed that Eighth Army Droops, pushing inland Nazi stronghold of Gambettola, 12 from the Adriatic, swept through the miles northwest of Rimini and 2 miles above the highway from Rimini to Bologna, principle artery of the Po valley. The final battle for Llvergnano, straddling the Florence-Bologna road, was one of the bloodiest of the north Italy campaign. A dispatch from the conquered town by United Press Correspondent James E. Roper described Llvergnano as a village of "caves and corpses" with the highway stained by the blood of German and American dead, mangled by the other's artillery. American infantry, tanks and tank destroyers rolled through the cobble- stoned streets yesterday to complete the conquest of the village, \vher« the Germans had converted each stone house Into a'fortress. Llvergnano had guarded the vital entrance to a high escarpment, which blocked the main thrust toward Bologna and which had to be taken by a direct assault, In clearing the strategic position, the Americans opened the way for a frontal drive against Bologna In conjunction with-itwo other Fifth Army columns which were converging on the Po valley's key city from either side of route 65, the north| south highway from Florence. Mrs. Andrews Freed of Murder Charge Jury Acquits Socialite in Carmel -Valley Death SALINAS, Oct. 1C. OB— Mrs, Frances Andrews. 37, Carmel valley oil heiress, was at her home today acquitted by a Monterey county jury on a charge of killing Jay Lovett, 19-year-old neighbor fnrm boy. The verdict was returned by the Jury late Saturday after one ballot. Mrs. Andrews was immediately discharged from custody and left with her family. Young Lovett, a pistol wound in his head, was found by Mrs. Andrews on the road near her home on the night of July 15. The state contended at the trial that Lovett was slain by Mrs. An drews and attempted to show jeal ousy as a motive. The defense, led by Attorney Leo Friedman, a veteran of such notable court battles as the Roscoe (Fatty) Arbuckle and David Lamson, trials, asserted Mrs. Andrews had only a "motherly" inter est in the youth. Jap Air Fight Nil as Island Is Lashed Again Pacific Attack in Seventh Day as Nimitz Announces 227 Ships, 621 Planes Destroyed or Damaged in Blasts in Jap Home Waters UNITED STATES PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, PEARL. HARBOR, Oct. 16. UP)—The carrier planes o£ the Third Fleet sweeping across Luzon In two new raids a day apart, shot down or destroyed on the ground more than 100 Japanese aircraft as the great aerial assault upon the Philippines and islands to the north went into- Its seventh day. WASHINGTON, Oct. 16. (U.E)—Superfortresses which raided Formosa twice in the past 48 hours encountered almost no enemy air opposition, due to earlier attacks on the island by navy carrier planes, General Henry H. Arnold said today. Reconnaissance photographs of the October 14 mission revealed that all air strips in the target area were inoperable due to bomb damage, while at least 50 destroyed and damaged, planes were observed on the ground. The B-29s, Arnold said, enjoyed freedom of operation that otherwise would have been impossible thanks to the effort of naval planes. The second B-20 raid, In which probably more than 100 Superfort- resses participated, smashed at targets on Formosa 48 hours after a record task force of the giant bombers had destroyed two-thirds of the Important enemy aircraft repair and supply base of Okayama. A Twentieth Air Force communi- que said i the second attack, which was driven home without loss of a single plane, was directed against Okayama and Helto, an important airfield and supply depot. t'nreported Planes Safe Two of four B-29s previously unreported from the October 14 mission are safe, as are 10 of 11 crew members of a third, leaving only one plnno listed as lost, the communique said. The communique said the B-29s in both attacks carried "the heaviest bomb loads so far employed by the Superfortresses." A record number —more than 100 planes participated in Saturday's raid, and today's force presumably was similarly large. Text of Twentieth Air Force com- munique number 16: "A large force of B-29 Super- fortresses of the Twentieth Bomber Command returned to Formosa today for the second time in 48 hours, to attuck military targets at Okayama and Heito. "No aircraft were lost' on today's mission, which was accomplished from bases in China. The weather over the target areas was good, and very good bombing results were observed by participating crews. The same targets that were attacked on October 14 were struck again at Okayama. Helto Is un lmporta,nt Japanese airfield and air supply depot. "Photo reconnaissance of the October 14 strike against Okayuma reveals that the bombing results were excellent. Thirty-seven buildings were destroyed and 16 others heavily Continued on Paso Three New "Right of Employment" Initiative Measure Titled SACRAMENTO, Oct. 18. UP>— Another Initiative measure on the right of employment, similar to Proposition No. 12 on the November ballot, has been titled by the attorney-general and its sponsors may circulate petitions, Secretary of State Frank M. Jordan said today. However, this initiative would be submitted to the next regular session of Legislature if sufficient signatures are obtained. Time for qualifying initiatives for the November ballot has long since passed. 111,737 Names Needed A total of 111.727 names must be certified to the secretary of state 10 days before the session of Legislature for the Initiative to qualify for the session. This is 5 per cent of the total vote cast at the last previous general election. It takes 8 per cent, or 178,764 names, for an initiative to qualify directly for a general election. Three Los Angeles women are listed as sponsors ut the Initiative Jordan said. They are Mrs. Gladys Mead Selvln, Mrs. Ona Carroll Remy, and Mrs. Elizabeth M. Sampson. Their listed address is 7l'2 North La- cienega Boulevard, Los Angeles. The Initiative, titled "regulation of labor relations and labor organizations," would declare void contracts excluding from or denying employment because of membership or lack thereof in labor organization, or requiring payment of dues or fees to such organization. Prohibit Strikes It would also prohibit unlawful strikes, picketing, and boycotting, require registration of labor organizers, and prohibit black-listings, lockouts, discrimination and coercion by employers. t If the initiative qualifies for the legislature by getting the 111,727 signatures, the legislature may pass It and it. thereby becomes law, or may pass it with the provision it go on the next general ballot, or may reject It and it will then go on the ensuing general election ballot automatically. The women who uro listed as sponsors represent the Women of the Pacific, a Los Angeles organization, said Charles- Johnson, deputy attorney general who titled the initiative. BRITISHMl IN ATHENS PORT GERMANS IN GREECE HEAD FOR YUGOSLAVIA ROME, Oct. M. (*»—A strong British naval force has arrived at Piraeus, the port of Athena, and will begin disembarking troops today, Allied headquarters announced. The fleet, headed by the 7000-ton cruiser Orion flying the flag of Rear- Admiral J. M. Mansfield, anchored in the roadstead last evening after being delayed by enemy minefields, the bulletin said. Still Nazis on Crete Accompanying the Orion were the cruisers Ajax, Aurora and Black Prince, several destroyers and various other units of both the Britten and Greek navies. Liberation of Athens and nearby Piraeus was announced Saturday night. Field dispatches, meanwhile, reported that the comparatively few Nazis remaining in Greece were heading for Yugoslavia in an effort to escape the trap which advancing Russian forces are closing in the north. Reliable reports in Cairo Indicated Continued on Pace Three Index to Advertisers Page Abrams. Dr. R. F _ 4 Acme Finance Co 11 Arvin Theater ~...12 Atz-Smlth - 11 Austin Studio 3 Bakersfield Hospital Supplies....!! Bakersfield Com. Theater 12 Booth's 8 Brook's 3 Brundage Pharmacy 11 Citizens Laundry —12 City Mercantile Co 11 Clark. Dr —11 Clerou Tire Co 13 Coffee, Harry - 2 Culliton. John W 12 Dewey-Bricker-Houser 4 Edwards, Dr. E. P _ 4- FHckinger-Digier Ifr Fooil City 7 Harrison's Dress Shop 11 Ciirigras & Neely ft Globe Drug Store _ IT Crunada Theater -12 Greenlawn Cemetery 11 Irvln, C. C 11 Ivers Furniture 12 Jackie's Beauty Salon 2 Judds - 7 KERN 3, 10 KI'MC 10 Leo's Fur Shop 6 Llm, T 12 Lois—House of Beauty 11 Long, Dr. S. C....'. 2 Mar-Vo-Ald - 3 Montgomery Ward 6 Mr. and Mrs. of Radio Fame....ll New City Cleaners 11 Nile 12 Nora's Beauty Salon ......11 Dr. L. R. Pennington 11 Phillips Music Co _ 2 Ralph's Shoe Shop 11 Republican Central Committee.. 4 Rialto Theater ~,-J.J River Theater - —J*. Southern Kitchen „ —U, SUuiffer System — .........^11 Texas Tornados -.— - M Union Cemetery -,......*, 15 Virginia Theater \Veill'is mi Wlckersham's

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