L> turdoy $ata$ftelft galifto nfem Entered in poat office at Bakeraflcld, California, as second cUa* under the act of CnnBrea* March 3, 1879. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Previ \t exclusively entitled to the use for tion of all news dlapatrhea crrrtKed to l» or not nrherwlsa rredlted IB this paper, and also the local newt published therein, Tb« Bakeraffeld Callfornlan Is ttien a client nf the United Pre«» and receive* its complete wire service, REPRESENTATIVES Weat-HoHday Co., Inc. New Tor*. Chicago. San Francisco, Los Seattle, Portland. Denver The San Diego Leader, a labor paper, carries of a legal anaJysis of the amendment which includes (his paragraph: "You will note I ha I anything 'done or threatened to he done' by a labor organization which interferes with the right of every person lo work or to seek and obtain and to ; J' Iiv; ' u ' T O My HAL BOYLE My "I think he must have been afraid something more than bombs SJ'.\. UoJgium, Oct. JO. (Delayed) «"<'»** after 1 hJm to build a place like Loland Holland rom e File s o stretched luxuriously on the cushioned e m 1 h •* i _ lOln employment IS Unlawful. 111 my opin- fort of the massive white bed once "^'<1 '•>' the late Kuiser Wilhelm and this." Before Holland left, the ThiberU him two bowls of hot soup In Ihl llll <*nnflr COIl U WASHINGTON. D. C. Bl'KEAU The Htakfn Service, Waahingfon, D. C. By carrier or mail fin Jn postal zonps nne, l tvn, »hrr>e, per month. 8Sc; nix months, $5.10; one year, $0.0". po»tal zones four to eight, per mnnih. $1.03. By mail in THE CLOUDS DARKEN I HE clouds over the Reich darken, (ieneral Eisenhower is not too optimistic as lo the early end of ihc conflict but he does announce that a winter campaign will proceed without interruption, a campaign that means a very definite lessening of (ierman morale. Today, on every front, the Allies are making gains that insure enrh occupancy of a vast deal of the enemy's territory. At Aachen the attacks upon the doomed garrison and upon the cily itself continue without interruption. On the Russian front there is no dispute as to the progress that is being made and equally as important is Ihc situation as it has developed in Austria and which promises new difficulties for the Nazis. • In Italy bombardment of Bologna is becoming more intensified and the fall of that city at an early day may be anticipated. The cohorts of the Nazis can do nothing to stem the engulfing movements, a prelude to the occupation of Germany. Nor can Naxi leadership find any comfort in these continued gains on the several fronts, and which must more and more distress a discouraged population. "If I r-uuld only get this Uiin^ in- U- my pnj> font." The liO-yenr-old Unltlrnorenn IMUTi *between employer and organized labor which assures the- rights of labor union members' continuance in employment in Fl;mris *"'™t> tapped on the bed, • *" llllTjl«>*«i11vi-]-t VShl*d«til •_,*•» _. *««___* _.___ 1 * * particular jobs, is something which is 'done' which 'interferes with' the right of a non- liwill in ,,„„ wl , „ l * li\fM| III J i'I o \\IHMj union person to seek and obtain and hold ;I "">*N genera) enough to hold four person^, during a sightseeing trip through the -T-iooni mansion where the kaiser the f lerman • t e r.« kitchen and thf recounted r and their en- that same em ploy men I. It is, therefore, to .Spa t(> ulcer the last gi'eat west- dorff. Their favorite story was thnt of a small Belgian hoy who joined the lineup of a (lerman guard being reviewed, and aped their stiff motions lo the Kaiser's amusement. When die Oerman ruler bent to nsk the boy why he wanted to be a sol. the lad answered: M) I can kill Hoc-he." The Californian TEN YEARS AGO <Th P UaJllnrnian. this date. 193-1) Raymond Polncare, distinguished French president. Is critically ill at his home in Paris. Mrs. Jessie Oalbralth Morris, worthy grand matron of Order of w as ni nan (By PETTISH 12DSON) Eastern Stir, officially opened nd offensive*. ] |o)l;md wasn't overly-impressed with tho mansion. "It only has 27 rooms," he said. "I'vp got a friend hark home who Jive.s in a 2S-room hou.se." The kaiser's private sulle ron- sisti-d of dressing room, .sitting obvious that under Proposition No. 12 any labor contract between employer and organized labor assuring labor union members employment would he illegal and void. This means, of course, that every labor contract of this character now in existence in the stale between employer and organized labor p would be set aside as void and of no f'urlhcr effect. Future contracts of this character could nol be entered inlo." Mow would this interpretation all'eel . HllM Bl , UanliIlIP . whPIX . tlu , (>1 , labor/ And bow, loo, would it ailed indus- i 1II: " 1 i^'Jirirjuarn-rs stair planned at- try? Worth considering, isn't it? room, bedroom, private bath and show*-! 1 , and :i small terrace on th« second fluor. An old bureau and other articles of furniture used by the Kaiser still are there. and thin ly appropriate Inscription in i is aluivp the fireplace: "Kin«- reatlvrs make fine birds." mansion, Jlntland Kn route in hardl not iced ih ray-painted BUT THE PUBLIC PAYS 1,'nilMil I'rcHs Wa WITH THE rxiTfcn STATES K1UST AIIMY NEAR AAOIIKN, (><-t. ID. <UR> (Delayed)— The Germans in ibe pillbox on Criififix Hill had held out through H hail of mortar and small arms fire but a little fast-talking by an American inter- pre-U'i' had them on tho way to a prisoner-of-war rage in five minutes. It happened like this: During si hiij in the fighting- a chapter sessions this morning at Hotel Whitronib in San Francisco. A silver tea will be held by Roosevelt P. T. A. at the home "of Mrs. Allan R Campbell in Stockdale Wednesday. Mrs. Robert Hark will of bimlsay was electee^ president of the national council of Catholic Women. Bakersfield district, to succeed Mrs. Listen Powell, here yesterday. Local page headlines: United States Pays $1,000.000 to Valley Farmers. Eight Counties Share Half of State Apportionment. Harry PauHlen of Delano was installed as Legion council president in Tehachnpl last night. Xa/.l climbed out of tho pillbox, carrying a white flag;. He came to Hie American lines and appealed for medical aid for an American lieu- lenant who had been wounded in the pillbox. "\\'e have no facilities to look s. l.udemlorff iM'sIgrn-cl in the: after him." the (lerman said. "Tho hnti-1 riMilYrcncr room, October 20. >. lieutenant's condition is critical. He l!Ms, and it was there, too, a fort-i needs a transfusion." later that tin- Kaiser learned Throe American medical corps Of course do not know just when sieiu 1 and Madanio Charles Thibort fluldren s homo. Madann explained: "Wo turned the lounge in whieh the kalsi'i 1 us*M! in confer with his into a children and I hey used it until in some Hitler, himself, will seek asylum distant land. From all reports be is ready with an undersea craft and with a modern airplane or whatcv els is necessary to further his flight, and the day for announcing his disappearance cannot be too far distant. He, himself, must realize thai every cncir- 4, .cling development is contributing lo the success of the campaign for Ihc occupancy of T is worth (lie attention of the electors to be told once more that there are on the Federal pay roll ;5,00(U)00 persons, largely engaged in civilian activities. In a number of stales their employes have been placed in the control of Federal agencies; now thev 1 his ! 4h ' ath atUl llltl last ^ *• jiiiiitfiiT^tti* 1-* j 11 * * *-i \ i.. ,1.. . along with 3,000,000 olliers have received a letter from a member of Ihe Democratic National Committee, A. A. 1 lorstman bv » name, in which it is slated: "I want you who are a part of the present administration to ask yourself what its defeat would mean lo you. In the enclosed, self-addressed envelope, please mail me n check or money order now. (iive all you can." So as we pay taxes to support all these Federal employes, they, in turn, must devolc a part of (heir wages lo see that the system now in existence is not interfered with during a Fourth term. What does tho voter sav? from Von lllndc-nburg the had newsmen and an interpreter went hack whirl! led him to Ih-r to Holland and ! io the pillbox with the Merman under protection of a lied Cross Ian'. Inside they found seven CJer- I hillside with a view nf beautiful j man soldiers and a non-com hendinw ; siretclii'N of pasture and woodland. ! over the unconscious American lieu; Twn mi(Mlc-u#c(I can-takers — .Mon- tenant. abdicate. The mansion stands on a \Vhile ttie corps men administered welcomed Holland, told him tho; plasma the interpreter did his stuff, house was built by a member of tho i "Vou fellows are surrounded," ho parliament, who left it, upon said to the Hermans. "We have vou TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Callinrnlnn, thin flute. 1924) The Reverend G. A. Warmer will address Rakersfield Teachers' Club co'incil this afternoon, according to Miss Alma Hnssell, president. The new Kern General Hospital will be opened next month. The structure was built at a cost of This does not Include the for X-ray machines. ./anice Halhirt. R class, seventh grade at Emerson School, won first prize in an % essay contest on fire prevention. Jlury Hasenjer of Will- iums School took second place. Two immense pomegranates, one weighing about three pounds, were received by the ("hamher of Commerce from Delano today. L. E. Chenoweth, county superintendent of schools, granted a request that Miller district school be reopened to accomodate eight pupils. Eighty-one hundred members of Office of Price Administration's 300 farm, Jabcr, consumer and industry advisory committees today have an eight-page memo from Administrator Chester Bowles, in which he outlines fully and for the first time his Ideas on postwar price control policies. Bowles has been working on this important statement for weeks, trying out parts of It on press conferences and radio talks to get the thing in simple form. The result is a typical Bowles job, with picture charts for eye appeal and just about as far removed from the usual type of stilted government policy statement as anything you ever saw. It Js written in first person singular, for a direct, straight from the shoulder, conversational appeal. And you can understand it. For instance: "I am well aware that any delay on our part in setting prices would be an even greater hardship for the small manufacturer than for large ones," he writes. "We must make sure that any manufacturer who needs a new price can get a decision quickly. In order to do this, we will authorize the 93 OPA dls- trict offices, located in all parts of the country, to set the final ceiling prices for all reconverted products not on the list of 12 major items." (Autos, refrigerators, washing machines, sewing machines, vacuum cleaners, radios, clocks and watches, furnaces, ranges, electrical appliances, pianos, phonographs.) evil nit". Why don'l you give your- Thlbert i selves up?" Tho (ierninna looked at one another and then one of them said: "All risht. we'll go along with room for nil- : vou. they wore- taken away because, of i donation, saying: the danger of bombing." i "You can't Holland was led into the kaiser's ; alone." Their superior officer feigned in THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this dale. JU14) Royal Dutch Shell people paid S1.5fin,000 in cash for the Turner property at Coalinga during last week. J. B. Ferris of Amalie district, o off and leave me all will be milling 70 tons of ore daily within the next 10 days, private conei-ote and stool air raid There was a little arflumorit and shelter in tho basement. He noted ' then the Cerman officer said: Gas \Valser hns returned from the West Side where he found rnanv foet of earth. a Ion tOO. it was covered with only four to six | "Well. I guess I'll have to come \ warm friends eager to assist him in his campaign for sheriff. George Coyne suffered a fracture of the collar bone at the high school yesterday in football nractice. The • ' ^ j ^ • B -* — _ -__~ It wouldn't do the old boy much | A few minutes later the Germans i!' ;i modern bomb hit. his hide- : walked out uf the pillbox with a on l, Midland com men led j white Mag while the Led through a secret escape route carrying the wounded to a ruse garden, Holland remarked: j followed along behind. "Many firms have already indicated that they plan to sell a( their 1942 prices. . . The.v will not need to call on our field offices at all. "Firms whose higher production costs make a price adjustment necessary , will b*> able to present the facts to the nearest office and receive a price based on a set of standards arrived at in Washington. These will be standnrds that can bo quickly applied without referring back to Washington. . . . "A complete plan, including pricing standards for the smaller manufacturers, has been developed. If necessary, we are prepared to announce full details of the pricing procedure each manufacturer will follow within 48 hours after V-E day. "Finally, we are studying the possibility of completely exempting from price control certain (small) manufacturers. . . "We are anxious to do this in order to eliminate as rapidly as possible all unnecessary red tape and needless regulation." These lines are typical and In a way they express the whole me» sage Bowles is trying to get across to American industry. The Hx aims of his postwar pricing policy are stated as: Encouraging production, continuing high wage rates, protecting against increase in the cost of living, preventing collapse of farm prices, simplifying application of controls as rapidly as possible. , . In a way, this Is a courageous document to stick out at this time- just before election. The memo can be and will be sniped at as a typical New Deal plan intended to regiment American industry after the war. From the Democratic side, however, it can be pointed to as proof that the administration policies on price control have kept down the cost of living, preventing repetition of runaway inflation and the crash after the last war, while at the same time keeping up corporate profits, farm income and wage payments well beyond the peaks of 1923. But Bowles had his eye on another date than the election hi putting out this memorandum, and that was the possible end of the war In Europe, with its resulting 40 per cent dislocation of the war economy. How long this controlled-prlce period will last, Bowles is not prepared to say. The timing will vary from item to item, he says. But as the need for war production decreases and the need for civilian production increases, hardship cases wjll be taken off as fast as possible and given relief, price controls will be one of the most difficult and disagreeable of all wartime restrictions written off lhe books. y w oo emu -(By KEXXETH THOMSON) — (Pinch-Hilling for Erakina Johnson) "LITTLE RED SCHOOL" hool children, who since )11 have been taught hi Ihe Fatherland. No wonder there is panic Q'* '"' X ! MIKI) * C \\ in Hungary and growing fear of outbreaks Y UC|CIMII|MI|< ^ '' , - ., • in Ai.cf^o xvv«,i,«..« ; <i f Japanese, air mis week resinning their s um Austria. JSowliere is there a ray ot sun- ... ... „ . . , ... .. shine for the government and the people , x .. , who forced war upon peaceful notions but ™ l>hy ' r Nlllck>cn I , ^ 'Kh^-Bta-^-rf* V L ^H Bb^-k ••»-«.*# the end of which is now definitely in sight. SUPPORT CONTINUES dies in English and arithmetic and gcng- llie direction of a young naval ofliccr, have begun classes again under Ihe American Flag at Guam, recaptured from (lie Japanese. T 1C R ea i Oil! Americans, lieutenant, injury was treated b# Dr. C. A. .Morris. Wasco plans to plant sugar beet?. Businessmen of that city expect sugar to .sell and sell at a profit. (Bv LOUISE IAHKS BANfcS) One uf our younger modern novel- and president of tho legislative yuan i.st.s said iha( war, without virtue of China. Jn this plea for his native in itself, breeds virtue; it broods patience in the impatient, courage in the cowardly. Another virtue it may breed is sympathy for other nations and peoples, brought closer land. Sun Fo preaches a full democracy; not necessarily bused on western models. Britain and America, bo says, have traversed the old way of capitalism, and China does not to us than ever before. The nmnv wish to follow that road. HP recom- I FORTY YEARS AGO u California!!, lliistlale. 11)04) Headlines: 35,000 Slavs Wounded; Japanese Grimly Advance and Drive Back Enemy. hooks which tell IIH of our allies all over tho world f osier this belief; in knowledge one may find understanding. One country which Is impor- all is China, that mystl- In.tr nation with a continuous culture, a nation with n literature, a philosophy and a wisiioni of life LECTORS who arc seeking to aid Ihc movement for a Fourth term might well ask Uiro »8 h numeofiraphcd sheets. As the Japanese destroyed most of the ! modern chTna tus'nece! I some background, to American textbooks, lessons arc being started themselves what would be Ihe adminislra- The lhmulc>| e Japanese attack of lion's attitude during the period Messrs. Hillman, Browder and others of like views arc * urcof 1911 ' and lhal of lhe 1TCont American recap- island, has given way to the quiet, in position to exert influence in the govern- P caccful < lmnc of classroom recitations in mental affairs of the nation. There can be lhc wnnnl1 ' of tropical heal. no argument as to what they expect to Shell/ire during both attacks leveled some accomplish politically; and there can be no of lllc school buildings, but the important argument either that lhe Fourth t lllin fi now is lhc American Flag flying ove erm man* agement is now concerned over Ihc promi- j wllal was lcfl afler tllc Bombardments. nence that has been given the Communist "The little red schoolhousc" has come to movement both through the activities of its I Guam again. leaders and through the statement of the President, himself, that he does not seek Communistic support lo advance his caiuli* understand wary to have know some- ing nor inngnificont past and long history. One of the best honks fo tliin ]>nrj)(>se is "The Making 1 Modern China," h O\vf»n RANDOM NOTES dacy. A growing sentiment in favor of soft pedaling such activities as w According to reports, returns are gratifying locally and, for that matter, elsewhere ere an important phase in the party convention is now I ovcr llle country in the United War Chest manifesting itself and that seems natural in Drivc - Am! '* is «°°d Hint U'at is true view of disclosures recently made relative Because a very considerable part of the fund to the liberation of Mr. Browder and the so created will go directlv to assist our methods of financing the P. A. C. movement. As to associating the P. A. C. with Ihe Fourth term campaign, the Garment Workers* Union in Schcnectady recently adopted this resolution: "Political Action Committee in this area is controlled and operated by members of the Communist political organ" fullv ization. . . . American ctzens are aware of our freedom to decide our own political choice regardless of the dictation of \certain leadership." The growing sentiment against Coimnu- his is n briof but ordorly account tho farts about China, lively and readable but not superficial. "Un Ytantr. in "My Country and My People,'" 'shrewdly analyzed his Chinese compatriots, lie felt that China \VH.H In the autumn of its life as a nation, and (hat its mellow wisdom and sense nf spiritual values meant much to the world. Modern China has been treated in A.unes Smedley's fiery book. "Hattle Hymn of China"; an fu-i-ount as turbulent as the events which ii t rents, the from 1i»L't) to 10-11. Together mends state ownership of heavy industry and private ownership of litfht industry. Sun Fo believes thoroughly in a world commonwealth for future peace. For peace in the Far East, he offers a complete plan to smash the Japanese military machine and disarm Japan industrially. Japanese officers above ihe rank of major- Ki-noral should be shot summarily; officers above lieutenant interned or imprisoned for life, and non-c'bmmis- sioned officers should be dispersed to other lands and set to hard labor. Plants not destroyed in Japan proper should be sent to other countries which have been devastated as part he duck and quail season opens tomorrow and many hunters are preparing to take advantage of the occasion. Lakeside will he a popular resort. The season closes February i;i. Widgeon Gun Club members will leave in a body tomorrow night for the club's reserves near Delano. The number of members is limited to 25 and there is now a waiting list. Airs. Peacock will present a piano selection "Constantinople," by Roeder. when Thursday Music Club meets tornorow. Miss Martha Mildred Quincy bo- came the bride of Charles T. Metcalf Tuesday evening at the home of the bride's parents in Los Angeles. with Hnlf Sues, in ami Millet," find " Sharks' Fins Snow, in "People on Our Side," she presents the point of view of that China which too often is nol reported in or The newest volume about China is "China Looks Forward." by Sun Ko, son of the great Sun Yet -sen of reparations. After 3 or 5 years, the Japanese people will have learned to be peaceful, he concludes in this most realistic survey of how to abolish the military caste, China, which has one-fifth of the population of the world, must, have nn equal opportunity in the peace settlement; and Sun Fo adds that the nation must be Industrialized. Mis book is most interesting 1 ; he approaches all the problems of his country from a realistic point of view; though he is not blind to errors that have been made he still has faith in the greatness of China and In her future. All of these titles may be borrowed through any branch of the - Kern County Library, as wel las many others dealing with China, past and present. esifi oms an A nswers (By THE IIASKIN SERVICE) armed forces. Fifty per cent of the money to 22 agencies goes to the USD. A part j ing place of tin A. The tradition Q. Has it ever been established Ih.-il Plymouth Hock was lhe land- Q. Why Is the term theater used in connection with operations in K. W. M. this war?—N. J of lhe money available will be devoted to making Ihe days easier for those who are war prisoners on foreign soil. In addition, the number of campaigns in any given for citizens lo leave their business or their work in different lines to meet the causes ihat must have assistance. goes back to Kldt-r Ktjunee who. in 1741, at the ago of in, identified this rock on the basis of what hu had beard A. In a military sense, the expression "theater of war" Is applied to the whole of the area (land or sea) which is or may become in Q. Who is tho author of the hymn The quota established for Kern of $120.000 will be reached, it is now believed, within the specified lime, but everyone can do ! tiu On Behalf- of Those at Sea' 1 ?— ,. n. s. A. It was written in tsiio by William Whiting, and the tune was cmnposed by the Rev. ,1. !!. Dykes. The theme is I msec! on Psalm 89:9— Thou ruli-st the rafting of the sea. Q. What can bp done to minimize in automobile engines nist interference or Communist influence in I ; suim ' lhin « l() mukc lhc P'*<>pliccy come true. the conduct of government in this country cannot be lessened now bv declaring that M V • — 5 support of this element is unsolicited or that it is not wanted. H will be observed Die orimnixalioii created for carrying on 11 v C7 this work is proving an excellent one and Ihe doorbell ringers can be encouraged by that co-operation which is now manifested. men abroad but to our authorized agencies here at home. that such repudiation has not chanoed the Tht> movc>nu ' n( is important not only to our t ' L • • • • * . view of the Brmvders in connection with the Fourth term campaign. That they are con- turning to give it their support should impress those voters who realize the dangers lhat tlireaten through Communistic influence that may grow out of Communistic 4 political activity. WORTH CONSIDERING jTN_DISCUSSING Proposition No, 12 on the JL November ballot designated as the "Right f \ f to Work amendment," this paper has been Criticized fdF urging a "No"-vote on the proposal saying among other things that the effect would be to jeopardize existing contracts between labor and employer. .-. • •i Hobert (ioi'don Sproul, president of the Stale I'niversily, emphasi/es the obligation that rests upon all to assist the war chest drive that is now in progress. Says Doctor Sproul: the victory bought with blood in baltle is not to be a hollow one, it is incumbent upon every man and woman amongst us to assume a personal responsibility for maintaining the morale of our soldiers and sailors in overseas installations and prison camps, for feeding and restoring to health the peoples of the pillaged nations, and for relieving the multitudinous physical and spiritual ills of our own children and youth." years before from the original set- volvcd directly in the operations of lloi ' s - war. Jt is divided into the theater of operations and the zone of the interior. Q. Do tho Chinese pay physicians to keep them well?—C. C. M. A. This statement is fallacious, hut has this foundation in fact: Vpon feast days or holidays, Chinese families make substantial sifts of money to their physiciairs. These Rifts are expected. They do not pay fees for actual medical attend- caused hy u.sinn inferior oline?— S. 1. M. gas A. Kngiuoors advise shifting- to a lowe when a knock develops in hill climbing. On level ground slower driving 1 often helps. Q. How much money did Admiral for Washington's Do (iriissp a nee. Q. What metal is used to make bells?—D. L. A. Hell metal usually consists of 78 per cent copper and 22 per cent Other proportions are used. Inthe copper content gives FIFTY YEARS AGO <The OUUuinmn. this date. 1894) A local produce firm shipped in $200 worth of eggs from outside counties last month. The price paid was 25 cents a dozen. A Pacific Uxpress office in The Dalles, Ore., was robbed of $15,000 Saturday night. Mr. and Mrs. N. Plan tier have returned from a visit to Big Pine. William AVheeler, who has been ill several days, is able to be around. To celebrate the twenty-second birthday aniversary of William Leroh a birthday party was given at the home of his parents Thursday evening. The 4-year-old child of E. Tubbs fell from a wagon Thursday and received bruises and fractures. SO THEY SAY The best way for this country to assure itself the unending enmity of the people of the devastated countries is to refuse to help from our own storehouses, which will be bursting with goods.—Interior Secretary Harold L, Ickes. There is only one way to build a postwar America in which industry and agriculture can prosper. There Is only one way to provide jobs. It is through full production. Business must be freed from unnecessary restrictions.—John W. BrScker. With the end of the war in Germany this agency will be in a position to meet the manpower requirements of war Industry without the controls which have been in effect in recent months.—WMC Chairman Paul McNutt. Take out your wounded? We will stop shooting 1 long enough for you to take them out —German machine gunner to trapped American group on Moselle river front. If peace were to come tomorrow, it would probably be several months before cars would be available.— OW1 report. fPinch-Kittine for Rrsktnp Johnson) Since the Hollywood Victory Committee came into being three days after Pearl Harbor, the actors and actresses who constitute the organization's talent pool have made 32,499 free appearances. At one time we might justifiably have thought that such a figure would be a record that we couid stand on. But this war ban changed values. We have had to raise our sights considerably above the horizon of three years ago. We know now that no matter what happens in other industries and fields of activity, Hollywood is a long way from re- conversion. Recently T attended a conference in New York called by Brigadier- Oeneral Joseph "W. Byron, chief of the army's special service division, to discuss the army's plans to fill the off-duty time of American soldiers between V-Day and demobilization. It is a tremendous project. * There will be an athletic program which will make the Olympic games look like an afternoon on a sandlot playground. There are plans for courses in music, arts and crafts, G. I. shows will probably call for every soldier formerly in show business to be transferred from his wartime job to special service, and there will naturally be great expansion of film distribution by the army overseas motion picture service. The program also includes live, professional entertainment which throughout the war has been provided by USD Camp Shows, Inc. USO Camp Shows Is setting up to continue its operation for at least two years after the war. The Hollywood Victory Committee is concentrating now on sending: screen personalities into the 90 army and navy general hospitals on the camp shows circuit. I wonder how much the public knows the extent to which Hollywood and the motion picture industry have been converted to war effort. Your neighborhood movie has continued to have films to show. There has been no such violent upheaval as in the ease of companies that changed from manufacturing household equipment to making machine gun mounts. Perhaps it looks as though Hollywood were one place which has gone on with "business as usual.'* Actually Hollywood has had the same experience as Kan Diego, Wichita or Cleveland. With more than a third of its 18,000 male workers in the armed forces, the manpower problem has become stjjMIo executives' favorite nightmare. Then, along with the regular gris of entertainment, been turning out Colonel Frank Capra—who used to be a considerable asset to Hollywood—recently told me that his signal corps film unit has 31 training and orientation films in production. Also, studios have trained men for such vital war tasks as photographing battle action to provide tactical information on which combat plans are based. The principal difference between Hollywood and some other places is that Hollywood's war Job will outlast the war,. Copyright. 1944, >"EA Service, Inc. Hollywood has training films. TL eaders* Viewpoint *P" EDITOR'S NOTE—Letters should be limited to 150 words; may tttack ideas hut not persons: miLst not be abusive and should be written lexlbl.v and un one side of tit* paper. Tlie Californian is not responsible for the sentiments contained therein nnd rescrvta tho rl^ht to reject any letters. Letters must bear an authentic address and signature, although these will be withheld If desired. This army'. 1 —L. 1.). A. About 4,0(10,000 francs. wus in addition to tho must powerful i tank destroyed? fleet over fitted out by 1'ranee, lo A. The Wai tho Lx'Jl a more sonorous tone. Q. What Is the top speed of a that time. FES +• t *-*• kTr. Department suvs that the M-1K, the army's new tank Q. Are merchant marine sailors , destroyer, has a top »peed of "frozen" to their ships'.'—C. U. K. i miles per hour. A, The rnited States Maritime Commission says that merchant marine personnel are m>t "frozen" to the ships. They "sign on" for each voyage. Q. How high into the atmosphere can a man fly?—L. X. Q. \Vhat was the date victory stump?—M. G. S. PEN SHAFTS An authority on animals says the horse i.s the dumbest of creatures. Three cheers, men! On the beaches near war plants is where you can find the no peace bathing: soot. Rome fforls do a fine job of keeping of tho a\vay from cigarettes—by using a ( holder. A. A victory stamp was placed on sale on March 3. 1919, to commemorate the successful conclusion of the first world war. Q. Is there a word which deslg- A. Fliers with special equipment j nates migrant workers?—D. K, B. can reach altitudes of about 45.uiu) feet; exceptional men nuiy be able to S-u ?, little higher. Q. Does the army accept homing pigeons from civilians?—1J. J. A. A. The term inmigrant la us in reference to a person who hns moved from one locality to another within tho United States. Q. Mow long have the golden A. The Wa that homing accepted from civilians at the pros- A. They were started in 1928 by I>partment nays j gluva boxing contests been held? are not being , G. Gold bricks are coming back— judging from some of the builders' estimates. All other means falling, four inmates of a southern prison broke out with measles. A THOUGHT POR TODAY nt time. ^ Q. How many tabloid newspapers are there?—F. K. H. A. Ayer'w Newspaper 4944, lists 87 labluld tttee dally papers. Directory, the Chicago Tribune und the New York Daily News. A rt'tultr ran eel (he answer to tnv quefcflon nf f» t Ly WiiitUM The Jlnl,i't>r>el<l I'alitoi Information Uureau, 3HI Kye suaet, N. Washington. $ i). C. l'Ie**e And ye shall know that J am the Lord: for ye /rave not walked in My statutes, neither executed My judgments, out have done after the manners of the heathen that are round about you.—,Ezektel * * * But he who never sins can little bo ust compared to him who goes and no morel— N. P. Willis. MERCHANT FLEET Editor The Californian: In regard to your editorial "Merchant Fleet.'* I think there will be unanimous approval as to the desirability of possessing a merchant fleet, built and operated by Americans; but let us not be under any Illusion as to the practicability of attaining such a fleet under our present high tariff policy. We may remember that this was the great cry after World War 1. At that time we had quite a fleet of fine ships, some built in American yards and one or two taken over from Germany, "Leviathan" especially being one of the very finest of that time. After a good deal of bargaining, these ships were eventually .turned over to a corporation at a fraction of what they had cost the government and were operated for several years, partly subsidized by the government, but at a huge loss, and finally were disposed of. We now have a very, very large number of latest models and faster ships than we had at that time, thnt have also built at enormous cost, which at the conclusion of the war might be disposed of at bargain prices, to a corporation willing to take over and possibly might he profitably made use of, hut ships like automobiles, have a way of becoming obsolete in a very few years ( and competition is keen among ship owners. Then the question is how could we build new ships (replacements) to compete In coat with, say Norway, Britain or "Japan." We would be buying our ship "transportation" in the highest protective market in the, the world and then going out to compete in the world's markets. Not only the cost of the ships, but the operating cost; our seamen receiving in some cases, two- or three times the wages paid by Japan, for instance. Importers and exporters are looking for the lowest freight rates and patriotism does not enter into the picture. Sincerely yours, "INTERESTED." SOLDIER ADJUSTMENT Editor The Californian: We hear much these days about the readjustment of our soldiers re* turning from overseas duty. I^have not given much serious thought to this problem until recently when my husband returned after serving 13 months in Italy. It must bo quite a change to get back in good old U. S. A. where life is comparatively luxurious. Yet there are many things lacking here that were found over there. Call it lack of proper spirit, lack of understanding of what the boys are doing, or even complete indifference t6 the war. Who would ask any soldier to adjust' to these conditions—or any others as unacceptable to a fighting man, however which exist in out- country, today? Ae lias returned from an outpost of America where an ideal of America was bravely fought for, where human values were disecoverd, and the highest fellowships made. The almighty dollar wasn't worth very much. He faces many reverses upon returning home, but I hope that the millions of returning servicemen wjl) not 'Adjust" to our complacent Ways, but with a little re- membrance'of- the far away American base arrd all that took place there, together with a little bitterness In their hearts, they will finally bring about the necessary changes and the America they were fighting for. MRS. CLAUDE E. FORD. 1428 Monterey street. GERMANY RE-ARMED Editor The Californian: If "True American" and the rest of us would spend a little more time thinking, we might not be In this war today. And if there were more men and women and less sheep who believe everything they read we might not be in it. If there were no profit in wars there surely would be no wars. Vet Great Britain and our own country must have figured on great profits to allow this war to happen. When I was in school I was told what was going to happen. Even In 1934 in Bakersfield Junior College we were taught what Germany was doing. These were facts known the world over. Yet nothing was done to prevent it. If you would allow all the criminals in San Quentin and Alca- trax to arm themselves better than their guards, naturally there will be trouble..So those who were In power must have wanted Germany to start Romething on they never would have allowed them to re-arm. And another thing, we should not criticize or try to stop America First for voicing hiu opinions. Right or wrong In this country, he should be allowed to speak his mind. IVAN BUA 611 Ei Tejon avenue, Olldule, Calif. ff .
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