The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 14, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Saturday, October 14, 1944
Page 1
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Terrified Germans Flee Aachen Horror * .* * * GIANT B-29 ARMADA BLASTS HUGE JAP BASE ON FORMOSA THE TEMPERATIBE Temperature High yesterday 7* Low today _ 0'.' Rainfall Season (Airport.' „_ T Year ago (Airport) T Season (Land Company) T Year affo (Land Company) T Forecast Clear today and Sunday with higher afternoon temperatures. Vital Potato Meet at Shafter Tuesday, Page 1 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 14, 1944 12 PAGES No. 65 Doughboys Slug Deeper in City , U. S. Militory.Staff Ready to Take Control of Reich Town's Problems; Most of Eastern Half Occupied; Counteroffensive Expected SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, PAISR, Oct. 14. (U.E)—Thousands of terrified German civilians fled from Aachen to the safely of the American lines today as the doughboys fought their way steadily through the Nazi street barricades and captured most of the eastern half of the city. "The civilians of Aachen have had enough," United Press War Correspondent Henry T. Gorrell reported in a late dispatch filed from the outskirts of the blaxing city. Half of Aachen has been destroyed by the bombs and shells NAZIS IN FIERCE PO VALLEY FIGHT AMERICANS, BRITISH HAMMER SMALL GAINS ROME, Oct. 14. OF)—British and American *roops, supported by low- flying fighters and fighter bombers, hammered out small gains in furious fighting yesterday against a fanatical Gerrrian defense of the Po valley. Allied headquarters announced that Fifth Army troops seized some new hills in the central sector south of Bologna, while Eighth Army forces to the east pushed the Germans back along the entire battle line, except in the Adriatic coastal sector. At the same time it was disclosed that another contingent of Brazilian troops had arrived in the battle zone. The original Brazilian expeditionary force, which has been operating in difficult country on the west flank of the United States Fifth Army push to Bologna, yesterday captured Coreglia, 5 miles northwest of Bagni di Lucca. The fresh Brazilian force more than doubled the total Brazilian troops in Italy and included the first Brazilian air force to arrive in Italy. American troops fought their way tip Hill 462, about 9 miles southwest of Castel San Pietro, on the Bologna- Rimini highway. Farther west, Poggioli, about a. half mile north of Monterenzio, was taken. * Eighth Army troops also captured Casale, about 2 miles southwest of Montiano, the Allied communique said. Along Highway 65, the main road north to Bologna from Florence, there was intense fighting as American units seized some high ground east of the road. The Germans fanatically defended a hill north of Livergnano. West of the highway, American units pushed forward about 2 miles and captured Mount di Bambiana. Canadian troops reached the Scolo Rigosso canal in the area adjacent to the highway, headquarters said. They pushed back strong enemy rear guards and reached a point within "17 miles of Forli. Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 2 Amateur Boxing 2 Arvln Theater 6 Bakersfield Com. Theater 6 Beardsley Dance 6 Beauty Box 5 Booth's 2 Brock's 4 Citizens Laundry 2 Culliton, John W 2 Dr. Dayman's Animal Hospital 2 El Patio Pavilion 6 Fiickinger-Dlgier 11 Foursquare Church 5 Fox Theaters 6 French Village 6 Full Gospel Tabernacle 6 Granada Theater 6 Ivers Furniture 8 Jackie's Beauty Salon 5 KERN 2, 8 KPMC 5, 8 La Granada Ballroom 6 Urn. T -i. Long, Dr. S. C 2 Mar-Vo-Aid 2 Nile Point Drive In 6 Nile Theater '. 6 Phillips Music Co 2 Rialto Theater 6 River 'Theater 6 Rolling Hills Riding Club 6 Sears Roebuck 4 Southern Kitchen 6 Southside Assembly of God 5 Texans -.~v ,. 8 The Barn - 6 Union Avenue Dance • 6 Union Cemetery 7,11 U. S. Employment Service 2 Virginia Theater „ « that have been foiling almost continually on the city since Wednesday morning when an American ultimatum was rejected by the German commander. The first German refugees began pouring out of Aachen about 2:30 this afternoon. Gorrell said, and by 4:00 o'clock more than 3000 sobbing, frightened men, women and children had passed through the American lines. Aachen was a seething cauldron of fire when the, civilian refugee column first was seen running the gauntlet of oven-hot, blazing buildings, whistling bullets, and exploding mortar shells and grenades," he said. Meanwhile, the American infantrymen continued their slow, steady advance through the eastern section of the city, and a high army spokesman said the mopup was going ahead from attic to attic, sewer to sewer, house to house, and block by block. The expected German counterattack from the northeast of Aachen has failed to materialize in the past 24 hours, the spokesman said. He acknowledged, however, that stiff enemy resistance had presented the Americans from closing the narrow escape corridor northeast of Aachen. Lieutenant-Colonel Derrill M. Daniel of Geneva, N. Y., commander of the First Army troops striking into Aachen proper from the .east yesterday, said the drive was proceeding satisfactorily but a complete mopup of the ancient city would require several days. German armored forces were reported shifting south from Holland toward Aachen for an expected Counteroffensive while Lieutenant- General Courtney H. Hodges' troops began a new attempt to crack the half-mile-wide corridor into the city. An Aachen dispatch by United Press Correspondent Jack Prankish, reporting much of the eastern part of the city overrun in the first 24 hours of the assault, said resistance was comparatively 4 light this morning, and only one American casualty had been reported up to 11 a. m. Destruction Tremendous Frankish. reported "tremendous destruction" in the eastern part of Aachen, with only one or two buildings in each block that could Continued on Page Two -Callforaian-NEA Telephoto^" AACHEN IS GHOST CITY—Gutted by record air and artillery bombardment that followed German refusal of "surrender or die" ultimatum, smoke rises from Aachen buildings in background, mute testimony to effectiveness of Allied fire. Troops entering city are mopping up eastern portion, finding most of buildings demolished by Allied shells and bombs.. CHURCHILL, STALIN FAIL TOW TICKLISH POLISH PROBLEM ANSWER HIGH DIPLOMATIC QUARTERS REVEAL MEETING OF PRIME MINISTER, LONDON POLISH GROUP HIGH COURT TO RULE ON BIGAMY CASE TESTS LEGALITY OF NEVADA DIVORCES Dewey to Challenge F. D. R. Statements in Monday Talk By Unit Governor Thomas E. Dewey and his campaign advisers, anxious to reap a heavy vote in normally Republican upstate New York, studied early reports on registration figures from that section today. Dewey planned to work on his speech scheduled for St. Louis Monday night, in which he has indicated he will iagain challenge statements by President Roosevelt and was ready to leave Albany Sunday afternoon for the midwest city. Studies Figures As registration figures came to hand. Dewey was reminded that his strength in ustate New York carried him into the governorship in 1942, but that Wendell L. Wlllkie in 1940 piled up a majority of 494,019 votes in the rural counties, only to lose the state to President Roosevelt, who harvested 700,000 in New York City. Dewey's secretary, Paul E. Lockwood, announced that Dewey will base his St. Louis speech on "the urgent need for honesty and competence in our national Rovernment." President Roosevelt has declined an invitation to share the speaking platform with Governor Thomas E. Dewey at the closing session of the New York Herald-Tribune Forum By M. S. HANDLER MOSCOW, Oct. 14. (U.E)—High diplomatic quarters indicated today that solution of the delicate Polish problem still hangs fire despite the efforts of Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Marshal Josef Stalin, and declined to view the situation either with pessimism or optimism. . Authoritative persons, who declined to allow themselves to be identified at this stage of the negotiations, revealed that Churchill held a private meeting with the London Polish group today following the long session of Premier Stanislaw Mikolaczyk with Churchill and Stalin last night. At today's two and one-half hour meeting, Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, British Ambassador Sir Archibald Clark Kerr, Polish Foreign Minister T.adeusz Romer, and Prof. Stanisljiw Gragski, speaker of the Polish National Assembly, participated. Developments since Mikolaczyk's last visit to Moscow were said to have sharply accentuated the difficulties of achieving a settlement between the Lublin and London groups. The Soviet-sponsored Lublin group takes a grim view of the responsibilities for the bloody Warsaw uprising and lias made clear-cut warnings that those responsible would be charged with the death of tens of thousands of Poles who lost their lives in the battles. The Lublinites charged that the responsibility rests with agents of the London group. Both Churchill and Stalin were described as exerting their good offices to bring about a settlement. Because failure at this time would destroy any hope for future agreement it was presumed that nothing was being left undone to achieve some solution. Favor Independent Poland Both Churchill and Stalin, it was pointed out, have frequently gone on record in favor of a strong, independent Poland that entertained friendly relations with the Soviet Union. It was admitted that the two leaders may have a different definition of these terms, but it was emphasized that they share an overriding desire to settle the Polish problem. So far as the London Poles are concerned, they face one situation which cannot be ignored—the Lublin committee Is already administering the liberated areas of Poland, has a big army behind it, and is rapidly establishing control. On the other hand. It was noted, settlement of the Polish issue Is In- dispenslble if internal conflicts in Poland are to be averted. Settlement would aid the Lublin Poles because it would facilitate their relations with the outside world, particularly Britain and the United States. At present, for example, Polish areas administered by the Lublin group had access to tlnited Nations relief hut are not entitled to lend-lease assistance. Thus far there has been no contact between representatives of the two groups In Moscow and all parties to the were treading very* lightly. It was understood that Churchill and Stalin already have agreed on conduct of the next phase of the war in Elkbpe. WASHINGTON, Oct. 14. (UP.)— The Supreme Court has for the second time taken under advisement North Carolina convictions of O. B.. Williams and Lile Shaker Hendr& for "bigamous cohabitation," a case which tests the validity of Nevada laws under which the couple were divorced. Defense Counsel W. H. Strickland in an oral plea to the court yesterday declared that a Caldwell county, N. C., court was in error in allowing a jury to determine whether the couple was divorced legally from former spouses in 1940 when they stayed in Nevada only the required six weeks, receiving degrees, marrying and returning to North Carolina. "It was leaving to the verdict of the jury a question of law, not of fact." he told the court. "Therefore," he declared, "the action was a fraud upon the state of Nevada." ed Press next Wednesday, the White House disclosed today. Flans More Speeches Additional speeches by the President were in prospect as he revealed he was discussing plans for appearances in addition to his October 21 foreign policy address in New York. Vice-president Henry A. Wallace In Cleveland attacked Dewey as a "front" man who "cannot go back" on reactionary Republicans. Representative Clare Baothe Luce (R. -Conn.), declared ,in Chicago that President Roosevelt "lied us Into the war because he did not have the political courage to lead us into it." Predicts U. O. P. Victory Governor Dwight Green of Illinois told a Republican rally in Philadelphia there would be a sweeping Republican victory due to a nationwide trend away from New Deal planning. Both vice-presidential candidates were on trains headed for California. Governor John W. Brlcker, the G. O P. candidate, took it easy as he headed for San Francisco and another major address tonight. Senator Harry S. Truman, the President's running mate who Is en route to Los Angeles, was told by pro-Roosevelt Texas Democrats that Mr. Roosevelt would poll 75 per cent of the Texas vote Reds Lash Doomed Germans Three Soviet Armies Storm Baltic Pocket; 100,0,0 Trapped LONDON, Oct. 14. Of)—A Bulgarian armistice delegation has left Sofia for Moscow at the invitation of the Soviet, British and United States governments, the Ankara radio said tonight. MOSCOW, Oct. 14. <U.E>— Three huge Red armies, backed by planes, guns and warships, stormed the Germans' Baltic pocket from three sides today in a bid for speedy liquidation of nearly 100,000. trapped Germans preparatory to a final assault on East Prussia. Quickly exploiting their capture of Riga, capital of Latvia and main fortress in the pocket, the Second and Third Baltic armies smashed at the doomed enemy from the north and east, while the Third Baltic Army stabbed into the southern flank. Soviet warships and planes backed the attacks with shells and bombs and at the same time maintained a tight blockade over the enemy's two remaining evacuation ports, Lipaja and Ventspils. Only yesterday, a 6000-ton German transport was sent to the bottom by the warships, while naval planes accounted for a 6000-tonner. The Germans attempted to ease the pressure against ..their southern flank with an amphibious landing behind the Soviet lines near Palanga, 14 miles north of Memel, but were driven off by Soviet guns and planes with a loss of four of their 24 landing vessels. Scores of Planes Downed Scores of Germans were drowned in the attempt and others were killed by shellfire and bombing. More than 300 prisoners were taken. Once the German pocket south and ' Continued on Pa&e Two FLASH ES WALLACE JOINS V. A. C. INDIANAPOLIS. Ind., Oct. 14. (UP> —Vice-President Henry A. Wallace joined the Political Action Committee today. Mrs. Ruth Bennett, wife of an automobile, workers union member to whom Wallace paid $1, handed him his membership card. Later, during a speech, Wallace waved his card and said: "This is a certificate in the great order of the common man." The Vice-Presldent referred to "the boys in the Union League Club who have to pay $100(1 to their party," and added: "This (the P. A. C. membership fee), comes a lot cheaper. And the reason it's cheaper to become a Democrat is that there's so many of them." NAVY TRIMS DI KE BALTIMORE, Oct. 14. (UP.) — Navy, extended to the limit by a surprising young Duke football team, gained a 7 to 0 victory today by the margin of a st-cond period touchdown, before a crowd of 20,000 fans at Municipal Stadium. MICHIGAN WINS ANN ARBOR, Mich., Oct. 14. (UP.)—Michigan's speed and running power ripped the Northwestern line almost at will today as the defending Big Ten co-champions ran up a 27-0 victory. ACCEPTS ARMISTICE LONDON, Oct. 14. OP)—The Paris radio, quoting an unattribu- ted report from Bulgaria, said today "the Hungarian government has accepted the preliminary conditions of an Allied armistice." It offered no details as to the source of the report or the conditions of the reported armistice. BLAST OIL REFINERY ROME, Oct. 14. l*>— United States Flying Fortresses and Liberators returned to German Silesia today blasting a synthetic oil refinery at Blechahamer, 75 miles southeast of Breslau, and a plant at nearby Ordetal while other heavy bomber formations hit communications in Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Yugoslavia. '*' I SEEK SLAVER—Sheriff's officers today are searching for a clue to identity of the slayer of Georgette Bauerdorf, 20, whose ravished, semi-nude body was found sub^merged In bathtub of her Holly- -»w«od apartment SEX KILLING CLUE SOUGHT IN DIARY STRANGULATION DEATH OF HEIRESS PROBED HOLLYWOOD, Oct. 14. (UP)— Final entries in pretty Georgette Bauerdorf's red leather diary today led sheriff's officers to search for a mysterious "Mr. Wade, 1 ' whose name was entered under October 10, the night before the New York heiress was strangled to death, raped and her semi-nude body shoved Into a bathtub of water in her luxurious apartment. Deputies said they were questioning a soldier stationed at Long Beach, whose picture was displayed in the apartment. Letters from the soldier were also found among Miss Bauerdorf's belongings. Clues Meager Sifting through a meager handful of clues, investigators began a painstaking interview of more tffan Hid hostesses of the Hollywood Canteen, where the heiress spent the evening before her death. The attractive brunette apparently died an hour or so after leaving the canteen. Investigators said. Her body, clothed in pajama uppers, was discovered Thursday morning, submerged in the over-flowing bathtub. A piece of towel was forced down her throat. The notation "Mr. Wade" was found under Miss Bauerdorf's list of social engagements. The last entry In the diary, apparently written after she returned Continued on PUKC Two Jap Philippine Army Cut OH by Air Attacks Yanks Bag 227 Ships, 530 Planes in 4-Day Attacks at Formosa, Ryukyus, Philippines; . Isolate Nips From Main Source of Supply WASHINGTON, Oct. 14. GP)—The greatest number of B-29 Superfortresses that ever has attacked Japan's war machine today plastered Okayama, important Japanese repair base on Formosa. A communique of the Twentieth Bomber Command, announcing the raid, said none of the big aircraft was reported lost. Reports of crews returning to. their bases in China indicated that the attack, launched in clear weather over the target, was successful. The communique called Oknynimi the "most important Hlr target south of Japan proper.'* Okayainu Itself is a small community 10 miles north of the city of Tnkao, inland in the southern half of Formosa, but it Is the location for a huge aircraft repair and supply depot. The location of the depot, coupled with the communique's description of its importance, suggests that the depot probably has been used for repairing and supplying a majority of the planes operating In a large area, including the Philippines and China. This largest attack yet by the Superfortresses followed on the heels of the carrier-borne aircraft attack on Formosa. Because Formosa is much closer than the target of some of the earlier Superfortress attacks on Kyushu, it was presumed the giant bombers each carried a much heavier load of explosives than on t^e longer missions. The communtiue's reference to the mission being 1 launched from bases in China seemed to indicate that the round trip flight might have covered about 2000 miles. The longest known flight of the B-29s was lust August when the Superfortresses attacked Japanese oil production centers at Palemdang in Sumatra, launched from China, near the equator, indicating that the round trip covered about 3BOO miles. Japan's army of 150,000 in the Philippines, sorely harassed by guerrillas in advance of the anticipated American invasion, is believed cut off from its main source of reinforcement at bomb-ravaged Formosa which B-29s blasted today after two days of carrier plane attacks. (A Japanese Imperial headquarters communique reported that carrier planes hit the island today for the third day, in two morning attacks Continued on Page Two That flight was a base outside of Andrews Case Goes to After Judge's Instructions Jury SALINAS. Oct. 14. <U.P.>— A jury of eight women and four men retired at 10:5f> a. m. (P. W. T.) today to deliberate the murder case against Mrs. Frances Andrews, 38-year-old Carmel valley society matron, accused of shooting to death 19-y't-ar-old Jay Lovett in a moment of jealousy. Monterey county Superior Judge Henry G. Jorgensen. in a 50-minute final instruction in law. directed the jurors to return one of the following three verdicts: Murder in the first degree with a recommendation for the death penalty or life imprisonment. Murder in the second degree. Acquittal. To the surprise of courtroom spectators, District Attorney Anthony Brazil, in a four hour rebuttal to defense arguments yesterday, failed to ask that the death penalty be invoked against the 38-year-old. Carmel valley matron, accused of shooting her farmboy protege to death the night of July 15. .May Deliberate Sunday However, under California law a verdict of guilty of first degree murder without a leniency recommendation by the jury automatically carries the penalty of death in the state's gas chamber. If a verdict is not reached by midnight the jury will be locked up and thoir deliberations resumed Sunday* Until today the jurors had been permitted to return to their homes during overnight and weelfsnd receises, Brazil in his rebuttal said investigation of the shooting was hampered the night of Lovett's death because officers were misled by the defendant's explanation that the death was a suicide. Defense Attorney Leo Friedman had contended that "botching" of the investigation precluded definite proof that the boy did not shoot himself. The district attorney concentrated his main offensive on a defense assertion that he had omitted a. guest room In the Andrews' home from an architect's sketch of the house. The defense said earlier Brazil was erroneously trying to show that there was no place for Lovett to sleep during his extended visits to the Andrews' ranch house except in the defendant's bedroom. Illumed on Father Pointing 1 to the map, Brazil said that If the sketch failed to show the guest room it was the fault of Mrs. Andrews' father, Samuel C. Fertig, wealthy Pennsylvania oil producer, who the district attorney said "supplied us with the information." "I beg your pardon, Mr. Brazil." Friedman interposed. "Mr. Fertlg was not there when this map was drawn." At that point, two babies, apparently disturb*! by Friedman's voice, tilled the courtroom with howls. By the time the infants and their mothers had been removed by a bailiff, fhe district attorney had gone on to another subject. 2200 BOMBERS BUSTMANY NAZI "BUTZ FIGHTER" PLANE HINTED BY RADIO LONDON, Oct. 14. (UP)—A com- munique announced tonight that 14 American heavy bombers and eight fighters were missing- in the daylight raid on Cologne, Sait- brucken, and Kaiserlauten. LONDON, Oct. 14. OR—Great fleets of more than 2200 American and British heavy bombers, with more than 1100 fighters as escort, battered at railways and industrial targets in Germany today, delivering the main blows to Cologne and Dulsberg, 35 to 40 miles inside the Reich's frontier. Duisberg was drenched with one of the greatest concentration of bombs loosed over a Nazi city in daylight. More than 1000 R. A. F. Lancasters and Hallfaxes dropped more than 4500 tons of explosives and incendiaries on the railways, Inland port, and industries there. Another armada of more than 1000 United States heavy bombers struck at railways, freight yards and other objectives at Cologne, 20 miles *<•> the south. Still other formations of Flying Fortresses and Liberators bombed military objectives in the Saarbrucken and Kaiserslautern areas. First reports indicate that great damage must have been done at Duisberg, an air ministry comumni- que said. Fourteen British bombers were lost The American planes hit five, freight yards at Cologne less than S hours after British Mosquitos gave it a softening up blow last night of Aachen on the road to Eerlin. At the same time the Nazi radio said a new type plane known as "Mlitz Fighters" soon will be used against Allied air attacks and "will change the face o£ aerial warfare.'" Racket-firing R. A. F. Typhoons yesterday smashed their second Nazi field headquarters in three days. Both were located in Holland. Thirty-six heavy bombers and 13 fighters of the United States Fifteenth Air Force were reported missing today from raids on the Blech- hamer South Oil Refinery, 75 miles southeast of Breslau in German Silesia, and communications and factory targets in the Vienna area. The big Flying Fortresses and Liberators with their fighter escort encountered terrific antiaircraft barrages over the targets in Germany and Austria but others, hitting at enemy installations in Hungary, met only moderate opposition. Between Blechhamer and the Lake Balaton area in Hungary escorting fighters reported they knocked out a number of enemy fighters on the ground lives. and destroyed 15 locomo- Nazi Hangings in French Town Told PARIS, Oct. 14. (U.PJ—The new* aper Giaro today revealed the G«r- mans hanged 99 men of the towiv of Tulle in the Correze department the day after the Allied landing in Normandy and then spared another 21 men who had been ticketed for hanging because the hangman WM tired of his work. Tulle is a town of some 15,009 population. On the day of the Allied landing about 3SO French Kk- quis tried to capture it. They dMhVt succeed the first day but' on the second they routed the German lt»r- rtson and the population itarted celebrating in the Streets, ,

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