Hutchlnson News Sunday, Oct. 10, 1971 Page 3 Hectares? Kilos? Liters? Better Learn These Metric Terms By WAYNE LEE News Associate Editor A farmer gazes at his hailed- out field of wheat, purses his lips and then drawls: "This patch is 30 hectares. If I make 700-liter to the hectare I'll be damn lucky." He isn't from another plan- c!t. He's a mathematically enlightened Kansan. And his day probably isn't far off, according to State Sealer John O'Neill, guardian of the weights and measures system for the Sunflower State. "It's kind of hard for us older people to accept this, but it looks >to me like it's on its way," O'Neili said. What seems to be on the way is the metric system for America, Land would be measured by the hectare (2.5 acres) and wheat by the liter (there are 35 liter in a bushel). A perfect Miss Kansas by today's 36-24-36 standards would be 91-60-91 and consumers would be buying meat by the kilo (2.2 pounds) and gas by the liter (1.1 quarts). And a weatherman who announced tonight's low at 20 degrees wouldn't be suggesting that a viewer get out the long- Johns. Twenty degrees centigrade, a metric standard, is 68 degrees Fahrenheit today. Many'More Changes And those are only a few of the changes. "It won't be easy in Kansas, but the metric system has been legal here for a long time so I don't think it will have all that much trouble," said O'Neill. "But I have to admit I had hoped I'd be retired before we started into it It's going to be a lot like the (daylight), time thing, I'm pretty sure. It's going to be confusing," said O'Neill, who became the state sealer in August of last year after 20 years with the department. His office ,is a part of the State Board of Agriculture. The state sealer's office has a low profile, but it has a vital function. It checks the net content of packages, propane gas meters, binder and baler twine and vehicle and small capacity scales for accuracy. It acts as the custodian for all state weights and measures standards. The proposed changeover from the customary system to the metric system comes at an ironic tune for Kansas. The state is one of only 10 in the union that is just now being drawn into the use of U.S. Bureau of Standards scales. The first standards for weights and measurements for the state arrived in 1869 at the University of Kansas. The duties were transferred to the Board of Agriculture in 1947. 'The standards we have been using are really antique. We're just getting into this thing and we'll' be starting on the metric thing too. We'll have two sets of weights during the conversion," O'Neill said. The Agriculture Department has rented an office at Topeka to use as a laboratory to work on the new standards. The metric system was made legal in the United States in 1877 and the Kansas Legislature legalized it sometime between then and 1900. But its widespread use has been repeatedly shoved aside in the belief that other nations might come to readily accept the U.S. system. All other major nations in the world are either converting to metric, or have already established it. Much Easier System Metric system proponents say it is a much easier system to use since it has a scientific basis and is computed in units of 10. They insist that while it may be uncomfortable in everyday use for some persons, it can be made easy for the average man by inexpensive conversion wheels. There is no guarantee that the plan will be put into force by Congress, however. George Washington was the first U.S. president to suggest a change in ;he weights and measures standards in this country. But the U.S. Commerce Department Insists the metric system is one "whose time has come" and has set down a 10-year plan for conversion. O'Neill said he believes it will take more time than that for a transition in Kansas. "There are some third grade students who know more about the metric system than us old- timers. . . but I think Kansas will go along and be . in step with the other states," he said Some businesses in the slate already are measuring both by the customary standards and .he metric standards, accord- ng to O'Neill. Some packaged meats in grocery stores already show both. Plants in Kansas hat ship products all over the world also show both measurements in specifications. At Ft. Riley, roads already are marked in miles and in kilometers. The signs went up recently, and are the only dm signs in the state. It is estimated that it would cost the entire nation between $10 billion and $40 billion a year to convert to the metric sys tern. O'Neill said he "couldn' even guess" what it would cos in Kansas. Commerce department ipokesmen say that by 1975 the J.S. may be losing as;much as . 1600 million a year in exports if t does not go metric. Much of ;he loss will be in the aircraft industry, it is reported, and the aircraft industry is an important segment of the Kansas economy. "I'm enthused about- this to the point that I know it is going to be a lot of work and a real challenge. We all knew about 20 years ago that it was probably going to come to this, but like I said before I had hoped I would be retired before it did," O'Neill said Fire Out of Control SANTA BARBARA, Calif. (AP) — Strong winds up to 30 miles per hour whipped a huge brushfire into rugged terrain today, and fire fighters gave up all hope of getting a line around the Four men ews Briefs Finish Bridge LAKE HAVASU CITY, Ariz. (AP) — Workmen put the finishing touches on London Bridge Saturday for its dedication in its new Arizona home Sunday. The Lord Mayor of London, Sir Peter M. Studd, headed the 700-person guest list for a banquet Saturday night given in a huge red and white tent erected alaze, which has blackened over 5,800 acres since it began Wednesday south of Santa Barbara. Several expensive homes have been destroyed. The blaze was about 75 per cent surrounded, but was moving eastward out of control on a front about three miles .long, a Forest Service spokesman said. He said there was "no hope" of containing the fire today. A force of 1,500 men are fighting the fire, with an additional 300 scheduled to be at the end structure. of the 140-year-old blaze have by nightfall, died in the Humanities Lectures in Hesston HESSTON The National Discharge Water OMAHA, Neb. (AP) — The Army Corps of Engineers will discharge large water from the continue to quantities of Missouri River dams throughout October and November, Maj. Gen. Saturday. J. W. Morris said Few Visit Grave MOSCOW (AP) - There is no crush at Nikita Khrushchev's grave, no stream of admirers who plunge down the long alleys of Novodevichy Cemetery to the ragged hedge and dark brick wall at the far end where Khrushchev's successors decided he must lie. Formless in a slate-colored smock, an old woman at the gate handles inquiries with a wave of her arm. Punch Through Lines SAIGON (AP) — A tank-led column of 1,200 South Vietnam s e rangers punched through North Vietnamese lines Saturday and reached a belea- gured and battered artillery base in eastern Cambodia. Humanities Series will present programs in Hesston Tuesday and Wednesday when A. D. Van Nostrand, professor of English at Brown University, Providence, R. I., speaks to several groups. The series is presented by the Woodrow Wilson National Fel- .owship Foundation and funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. At 7:30 p.m. Tuesday Van Nostrand will speak on "Exiles n the House," a canvassing of .he gap between the generations in this country, at the Hesston High School. Wednesday he will present 'Seminar in Dragon-Slaying," first at 10:30 a.m. at a chape service at Hesston College, then at 2:30 p.m. in the home ol Mrs. Alma Pfautz. Dragon slaying deals with persona! achievement. Dinner Will Honor YMCA Executive A dinner Thursday will hono; Allen H. Gardner, YMCA execu tive who retired Oct. 1. Gues speaker at the 7:30 p.m. dinne in the Hutchinson Communitj College Student Union will be Bob Love, Wichita. Love is ac tive in YMCA affairs in Wich ita." The dinner is open to th public and will cost $2.75 pe person. Reservations must be made to the Y office, 2-1203, b 1 p.m. Monday. dded soon, the spokesman aid. The spokesman said 16 air- orne tankers were dropping re-retardant chemicals on the laze, aided by a huge Air orce C-130 converted as a anker. Early-morning fog brought ool, moist air which temporary aided fire fighters, a spokes man said. Leadership Training for 4-H Officers Officers of the 19 4-H clubs n Reno County met at Conven- ion Hall Saturday morning for leadership training session. County commissioner John Sutton, speaking briefly to the roup atageneral meeting, challenged the youthful assem- ly to fully develop as commun- ty leaders. The youth then divided into Ificer groups and met with ormer 4-H officers and community members 'to discuss low to work more effectively hrough the club. Meeting with the presidents and parlimentarians was Carl Coster, a Hutchinson Commun- ty College student and a former 4-H officer in Sedgwick County; vice presidents, Connie Bays, HOC student and former teno County 4-H officer; secre- ;aries and historians, Mrs. George Schlickau, Reno County i-H leader; reporters, Jeanette Fackson, farm editor with the *fews; treasurers, Joe Newsome, agricultural loan officer with Hutchinson National Bank and Trust; recreation leaders, liilla King, counselor with local unior high schools; community leaders, Bob Davis, 4-H agent. Chevvies Defective? (C) 1971 N.Y. Times Mows Service DETROIT — The federal government is about to issue a warning to millions of owners Urge End to Celibacy of Chevrolet automobiles — a warning about a potential defect that could throw their cars out of control. The General Motors Corpora- lion, the maker of the cars, is refusing to answer any questions about the problem and has not called the cars back for repairs, but G.M. is apparently paying for repairs and damages caused by the defect — if it occurs — in what appears to be a tacit admission that some- tiling is Wrong. O'NEILL — The pound,, left, and the kilogram are tvcighing on his mind. Ten Receive Awards i For Conservation Work VATICAN CITY (AP) - A uccession of cardinals and bishops faced Pope Paul VI in the World Bishops' Synod Saturday and asked him to allow married men to become priests. Others pleaded for total priestly celibacy. As the pontiff sat without responding, Dutch Cardinal Ber- lard Jan Alfrink declared: 'Marriage is not repugnant to :he priesthood." He asked: "What is better, to preach the gospel with the help also of married men, or not to preach it at all?" A Malaysian bishop warned the Pope that an "authoritarian refusal" by him of local de mands for the ordination o married men would have "ca tastrophic consequences." The Pope sat through th speeches of 21 members in th 10-day-world World Synod o Bishops. He did not take the floor himself. The cars involved are apparently full-sized Chevrolet cars for the 1966 through 1969 model years, and Chevrolet Camaros from 1967 through 1969. Tills includes 4.9 million of the big cars and 700,000 Readies Market Strategy Camaros, or 5.6 million altogether. G.M. refuses to say specifically If these arc the model years involved. The trouble is defective motor mounts. The two mounts are made of a rubberized plastic and steel. They are used as a filling between the engine and the car body, tying the engine to the car frame and holding down vibration. ' Vibrations and Shaking If they break, the engine is no longer completely connected to the car. The engine does not fall to the ground, but there may be wild vibrations' and shaking, the car may shoot forward and run out of control,' and the engine could push forward, breaking brake lines or damaging the radiator and fan; Douglas W, Toms, who heads the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, said in a; elephone interview that within days his agency will issue a consumer warning bulletin of the engine mount problem. He said he already has personally approved the bulletin. BRIGHTON, England (AP — Prime Minister Edward Heath began rallying his ruling Conservative party Saturday for an all-out battle to lead Britain into the European Common Market. It is a battle he expects to I The government has no power to make an auto company recall its cars. But the federal agency can issue a consumer warning, and it. may also order auto compan-: ies to admit to a defect. The companies may go to court. to resist having to make such : an admission. Mrs. Betty Davis, RFD 3, head of the Reno County Environmental Action Committee, was named water conservationist of the year Saturday night at the 22nd annual meeting of the Kansas Wildlife Federation in Wichita. Youths Compete in 4-H Horse Show Forty-six young horsemen demonstrated their riding skills Saturday afternoon in a competitive show at the Sandhill Saddle Club arena. The riders, from Reno, McPherson, Harvey, Stafford, Sedgwick, and Kingman counties, were competing in the All CHAMPION BULL — Angus bull calf champion last week at the 1971 Arkansas State Fair at Little Rock was Sedgwicks Ballot 2, shown by Eldo Kroeker and Sons, RFD 3, and McCurry Brothers, Sedgwick. Shown from left are Ed Stout, judge from Boonville, Mo.; Patti Jo Dabbs, Arkansas Angus queen and Bob McGiir- ry. Junior and reserve grand champion bull honors went to a jointly ; owned •„ entry of McCurry Brothers and Silvergate Angus, Wichita. The reserve champion bull was owned by McCurry Brothers and Jack Schlltt, Verden, Okla.; and the reserve bull calf champ was owned by McCurry brothers. Youth Horse Show, sponsored y the Reno County Area 4-H Horse Club. One of the more colorful events was the hunt seat equitation in which riders used an English saddle and dressed after the fashion of a British fox hunter. Other events included western horsemanship, reining, cloverleaf, pole .bending, key races lags, leadback, rescue and relay. The entrants, judged in three age groups, were awarded firs place trophies and second, third and fourth place ribbons. First place winners in each event are: Deanna Bush, Little River western horsemanship ages 1-9, and key race, 1-9 Gayle -Pifer, 3121 Farmington western horsemanship, 10-13 Marty Schul, RFD 3, western horsemanship, 14-17; Sue Mor and, 4420 North Halstead, nun seat equitation', 1-17; Leslie ACT Smith, RFD 3, reining, 1-17 Melisa McCue, 6401 North Jef ferson, cloverleaf, 1-9, and fla ace; 1-9; Michelle Richardsor 6111 North Monroe, cloverleai 10-13, and pole bending, 10-13 Chip McCoy, 1725 West 4th cloverleaf, 14-17. Rebecca Hodgson, Little Riv er, pole bending, 14-17, an leadback, 14-17; Anita Bridges RFD 1, key race, 10-13; Ro Reade, 5821 Yucca, key race 14-17; Dan Murray, RFD 3, fla race, 10-13, and leadback, 10 13; Susan Zwickl, Haven, fla race, 14-17; team of Anit Bridges and Chip McCoy, re cue, 1-17; team of Bridges, Me Coy and Dan and Jack Mur ray, relay, 1-17. Mrs. Davis was named because of her efforts which klll- d a plan for channelization of Cow Creek in Rice and Reno Counties. Named conservationist of the Betty Davis ear was Robert Henderson, redator control expert for the xtension service at Kansas tate University, who recently vas thought to be a contender or the director's post of the Docking Award The conservationist of the ear title was the governor's ward. Jerry R. Tillery, director of rit Spaugh Zoo at Great Bend, 3 the wildlife conservationist of the year. Rollie W. Peter, 18, Ellinwood, 4-Her who has built a one-half icre game refuge pond and been nvolved in several conservation Podgorny Now No. 2 In Moscow WASHINGTON (AP) — Soviet President Nikolai V. Pod [orny has bypassed Prime Min ister Alexei N. Kosygin and now ranks No. 2 behind partj chief Leonid N. Brezhnev in lh Moscow heirarchy, administration analysts say. The findings of U.S. special ists in Soviet affairs are con firmed by a number of know! edgeable foreign diplomats fa miliar with the Moscow scene. Compared with Brezhnev both Podgorny and Kosygi have slipped in the Soviet pow er equation but Kosygin "ha slipped more," as one anly put it. Brezhnev makes a point i letting it be known to top-rank ing visitors.that he is speakin as Russia's No. 1 man and no solely as first secretary of th Communist party. Chairman of Presidium The official title of Podgorny 68, is chairman of the Suprem Soviet Presidium, but outsid the Communist orbit he is gen erally palled president -of th Soviet Union. Kansas Forestry, j-ame Commission. Fish and rejects, ward. received the youth Soil conservationist of the year is Robert Newell, a farmer living near Dodge City. A pioneer Christmas tree rower in Kansas, Cecil Delp, >t. John, received the forest .onservationist award. The Kansas Game Protectors, Law Enforcement Division of he Kansas Forestry,' Fish and Game Commission, Pratt, were lamed the conservation organi- .ation of the year. Other awards went to Roy all, Wichita, conservation communicator; W. R. Brown Jr., Emmett, legislative conservationist; John Breukelman, Smporia, conservationist educator; Griffin Wheel Co., Muncie, air conservationist. Dunlop to Preside Over Convention Ralph W. Dunlop, vice president of sales, Krause Plow Corp., Hutchinson, will preside at the international convention of the Farm Equipment Manufacturers Association in Denver beginning October 24. Representatives of member- manufacturers throughout the United States and Canada as well as Great Britain, Ireland, South Africa, Norway and most countries of Western Europe will attend the meeting. Dunlop has served as president of the organization for the past year, traveling throughout the U. S. and Canada represent ing the' group. Mrs. Dunlop will' serve as hostess for lunches for ladies in attendance at Top of the Rockies restaurant and the private Mt. Vernon Club, located in the foothills of the Rockies west o! Denver. or the Viet Cong. Perhaps her feeling on the subject became more acute through acquaintance with one of her mother's friends, Mrs. Marie Schultz, Hillsboro. For Mrs. Schultz has had a son missing in the Southeast Asia area for many months. When Connie was listening to a Virginia Graham TV program last February, a guest describ ed the work of VIVA in at tempting to secure the release of POWs and MIAs througl pressure on the North Vietnam ese government. $2.50 Donations The VIVA work is underwrit win with the help of Laborite) Toms said his agency has; run into about 30 cases of en-: igine. mount failure. The investi-i gation started some time ago,i then lagged, then picked up: steam again after a letter of: complaint from Ralph Nader,the consumer advocate. A Detroit newsman who mentioned it in a newspaper story had, in two weeks, received! 40 calls from Chevrolet owners complaining that they had had engine mount failure. "This is the kind of problem that gets worse with the age of/ the car," said Toms, explaining; why the investigation lagged,; but now is picking up steam; again. "The engine atcually falls out • of position," he noted. r The number of complaints appears small compared to the 5.6 million cars in service. But G.M. refuses to say how many cases it knows of. Calls to Chevrolet automobile dealers show that they are running into the problem and have fixed affected cars. They say G.M. is paying for engine mount repairs even if the warranty on the part has expired. General Motors says it has been investigating engine mount failures "for some time" and the company "would prefer not to comment." If General Motors had to recall these cars, it would be the largest in history and the cost would be enormous. Even if only half the cars built came in for repairs and repair and overhead costs held down to $20 or so each, the cost would run to $60 million. Denny Heads New Unit LARNED - Dale Denny has been appointed director of the Adolescent Rehabilitation Unit, at Lamed State Hospital. Denny, a social worker, lias been employed in the Alcoholism Unit at the hospital. The newly organized'rehabili- tation unit for youthful > offenders will emphasize special edu-, cation, vocational training and psychological services. The program was authorized by the 1971 Legislature. Ad- • mission of 16 and 17 year old i youths will begin this month, ! The. speakers seemed evenly divided between those seeking the ordination of married men in some parts of the world and those who wanted this forbidden. Most of the 209 delegates have been reported opposed to letting men marry once they are priests. But one speaker Saturday, Bishop Alexander Carter of Sault Ste. Marie, Ont., indicated that future developments in the Roman Catholic Church might throw the door open to marriage for priests. According to one of the synod briefing officers, Rev. Roberto Tucci, Bishop Carter denounced what he called an "unhealthy obsession" with celibacy in the church. opponents ready to defy party loyalties for their principles. Nothing quite like it has hit British politics this century. The six-nation Common Market went into business as a sort of customs union in 1959. Its members have thrived by pulling down barriers to free trade. Britain has been seeking to join since 1961 but only last spring Heath, who began the negotiations 10 years ago, won French President Georges Pompidou's assent to British entry. ! Share in Prosperity As Heath sees it, entry into an enlarged Common Market will restore a leader's role to Britain by giving it a share in Europe's prosperity. Hutchinson Girl Glad for Sexton Although she has never met him, or even corresponded with him, the release of John Sexton from captivity Friday brought shouts of joy to a 15-year-old Hutchinson girl. For Connie Wilkes, 2707 North Monroe, has been wearing a bracelet with the inscription Spec. 4 John C. Sexton, Aug. 12, 1969, engraved on the surface. Although no member of her family has been involved in the Vietnam conflict, Connie had felt a deep sympathy for those servicemen who bad been captured by the NVA en by $2.50 contributions, with ic donor receiving a nickel- lated bracelet with the name f a missing serviceman and ie date he was reported miss- ng or captured. Connie, now a 9th grader at Liberty, wore her bracelet )roudly and wrote the standard etters to the North Vietnamese asking for release, or at least more humane treatment, for captured GIs. But, while she still cared, her interest in the VIVA project, a non-political, student organization, began to flag. When her father, David Wilkes. read The News Friday night, and saw that Sexton of Warren, Mich., had been freed, the Wilkes family, and especially Connie, felt like one of their own had been saved. "The paper said that his family hadn't been able to sleep, and I can well imagine that, we didn't even know him and we had trouble getting to sleep here,' 1 said Mrs. Wilkes. And Connie, hoping that her bracelet might have been something of a talisman for Sexton, another contemplates bracelet for getting another service man . . . just in case it might help.
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