The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 13, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Friday, October 13, 1944
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Yanks Blast Nazi Tank Force at Aachen * * * * 396 NIP PLANES, 100 SHIPS SMASHED IN FORMOSA RAIDS THE WEATHER Temperature High yesterday 7fi Low today 60 Rainfall Spanon (Airport) T VpHf ago (Airport) T Season (t.Hnd Company) '.... T i'ear ago (Lund Company) T Clear today and Saturday. Movie Entertainers in War Zones Criticized See Page 4 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1944 18 PAGES No. 64 Russians Nab Riga in Latvia Tilsit, Key Prussian .Highway Hub, Shelled; Hungary Bid Reported LONDON, Oct. 13. (U.E)— The Second and Third Red armies of the Baltic front have stormed and captured Riga, capital of Latvia and last major stronghold of the German forces trapped in the Baltic pocket above East Prussia, Premier Josef Stalin announced tonight. The armies of General Ivan Mas- lenuikov 11 nd General Andrei I. Yerenienko joined in the filial storming of Riga, against which they had been closing from the east and south while other Russian forces drove to the Baltic to pin the Germans in that aren against the sea. Stalin ordered the two armies saluted with 24 salvoes of 324 guns, an honor reserved for the greatest Red army victories. The fall of Riga broke the main core of German resistance in the Bal- tics, promising an early cleanup of the pocket and the liberation of big Soviet forces to join in the already developing drive against East Prussia. Drive to Belgrade A special communique from Marshal Tito's Partisan Army in Yugoslavia said Russian and Yugoslav forces had ''penetrated" to the walls of Belgrade, Serb capital. In a broadcast Colonel Ernest von Hammer, German military commentator, stated "the last remaining German positions east of the Dau- gava, even those inside Riga, were taken back to the western bank of the river. » Running north and south through Riga to the Gulf of Riga, the Dau- gava splits the city in two. "Several Russian attempts to capture the river crossing were 1 Smashed," Von Hammer reported. Ripanj Captured The communique, broadcast by the free Yugoslav radio, also announced the capture of Ripanj, 12 miles south of the capital, and Bell Potok, about the same distance to the southeast. At last Russian reports, the Red army was within 9 miles of the city on the Danube. Belgrade, whose population is 266,849, is on the right bank of the Danube and defended by extensive fortifications between the river and the brow of a 150-foot hill. The Germans have said the Danube has been crossed in the Belrade area, but this has not been confirmed by the Kremlin. Unconfirmed reports placed Rus" slan vanguards in the immediate vicinity of Tilsit from the north. hut there, as elsewhere along the frontier, the Third White Russian Continued on Page Twr. Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. P 2 Arvin Theater in Bakersfield Com. Theater 1(1 Beardsley Dance 10 Booth's 4 Brock's 3,4, 12 Casper & Frankel 12 Citizens Laundry 11 Coffee, Harry 2, 5, 13 Culliton, John W 11 El Patio Pavilion 10 Egger's 6 Flickinger-Digier 17 Fox Theaters 10 Frank Meat Company 8 Granada Theater 10 Holmes Supply Company 5 Ivers Furniture 4 KERN 14 La Granada Ballroom 10 Llm, T 11 Long, Dr. S. C 2 Mar-Vo-Ald 2 Montgomery AVard 6 National Dollar Store 4 Nile Theater 1 10 Penney's B Phillips Music Co 4 Rialto Theater 10 River Theater 10 San Joaquin Grain Co 4 Sears Roebuck 7 Sherrys Liquor Stores— 13 Texas Tornados 10 Union Avenue Dance 10 Union Cemetery _ 9, 17 U. S. Employment Service 10 Virginia Theater 10 Weill's —.8,11.12 FREEDOM AT HAND—General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, supreme Allied commander in the Mediterranean, said in a broadcast today that "a force under my command is about to land in Greece" and that the country's liberation is at hand. NEW LANDING IN GREECE SEEN LIBERATION NEAR, WILSON PROMISES LONDON, Oct. 13. <#)—Rome radio broadcast an "official announcement" today that Athens has been evacuated by the Germans and its administration is in the hands of Greek Patriots. ROME, Oct. 13. OP)—General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, supreme Allied cominander In the Mediterranean, said in a broadcast tonight that "a force under my command is about to land in Greece" and that the kingdom's liberation was at hand. Unofficial reports said that the Greek flag was flying over the Acropolis in Athens and that the Athens radio was In Allied hands. Allied proclamations were broadcast promising immediate aid to the Greeks. Force to Land General Wilson told the Greeks: "Your day of liberation is at hand. For tlie second time in this war, a force under my command is about to land in Greece but I am thankful to say, under very different conditions." The Allied commander declared: "We come now to sweep away all traces of the invader and, by use of your ports and airfields, to harass his retreat." He said the Allies were also returning to restore Greece's administrative services. Late in September, small British forces landed in the Peloponnesus, the large southern peninsula of the Greek mainland, and with Greek Patriots cleared the Germans from mtist of that area capturing Patral, Pyrgos and Corinth. Ancient Corinth Continued on Pace Two Crippling Blow Dealt to Jap Base Near China Raids on Formosa, Philippines, Ryuku,. Marcus Islands Costs Nips 310 Aircraft, 93 Surface Vessels; Jap Fleet Absent By Associated Press The Ilalscy-Milscher naval and air team returned to Formosa Thursday and destroyed 175 more Japanese planes, sank 11 more ships, probably sank 14, damaged 6 others and sank or damaged 37 small craft. Tlys gave the powerful Third Fleet this box score for the concentrated Wednesday-Thursday bombing of Formosa and Pescadores islands, immediately to the west: 390 aircraft destroyed. 27 ships sunk. 14 ships probably sunk. 22 ships damaged. o~ siuall craft sunk or damaged. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, reporting the second day's action in a communique nine hours after he had 'given preliminary figures on Wednesday's strike, said "small groups of enemy aircraft made repeated attempts to torpedo or bomb carriers or supporting ships, but no damage was done to our surface ships." 45 I". S. Planes Lost He said American losses were 45 planes in the two-day attack. Reports on the number of flight personnel rescued have not been received. Nimitz gave this "preliminary" resume of damage to Japanese shipping for the two days: Ships sunk: 2 large cargo ships. 4 medium cargo ships, 9 small cargo ships, 12 coastal cargo ships. Ships probably sunk: 1 large cargo ship, 3 medium cargo ships, 3 small cargo ships, 1 small oil tanker, 5 coastal cargo ships, 1 minesweeper. Ships damaged: 6 medium cargo ships, IT) small cargo ships, 1 large troop transport. Achieved Surprise Wording of the latest Nimitz com- munique might indicate that the Halsey-Mitscher task force achieved complete surprise in its Wednesday attack which began before dawn; that the Japanese, were forced to concentrate on futile attempts to defend Formosa bases and shipping rather than attack American warships. Nimitz said "heavy damage was done to air bases, port facilities and shore installations" as well as to shinping and the Japanese air force. The Formosa-Pescadores strike raised to 1497 the number of Japanese planes destroyed by the Hal- sey-Mitschner team in its widespread Continusrt nn Page Two Dewey Plans New Invasion of West in Campaign Fight ALBANY, N. Y., Oct. 13. W— Urged by supporters to "keep punching," Governor Thomas E. Dewey prepared today for a new invasion of the wes. in which he may lay down the heaviest barrage of his attack on the Roosevelt administration. The New York governor was back at his desk in the executive mansion after viewing the annual Columbus Day parade In New York City yesterday where he accepted for the University of Michigan a bust of himself sculptured by Donald E. Outran and, with Mrs. Dewey, registered for the all-important November 7 vote. Gould Speak* Due to leave Sunday for a major campaign speech In St. Louis Monday night, the Republican presidential nominee heard the head of 'his college alumni club assert last night that only by "keoulns punching" could he win the presidency. As Dewey stood nearby, smiling, his hands in his coat pockets, J. K. Gould, president of the University of Michigan Alumr.i Club of New York City, told the candidate: » "Keep punching, Tom. That's the kind of fighting that wins elections." Solemnly, Gould presented a bust of Dewey which he said would be placed on a suitable pedestal in the Michigan campus, where Dewey got his college degree before he went to Columbia University in New York City to complete his law course. Gould said he hoped the Michigan alumni could help provide the extra impetus which might elect Dewey, I declaring that the Princeton alumni I had furnished this sort of shove for ! President Wilson in 1916. Accepting the bust, Dewey told the gathering of about 20 alumni of Michigan and other western universities that he hoped they would help him "restore the Republican party to its proper place of leadership." Of the bust, Dewey said he was not surprised that "a man who has never seen me could make me look so much better than I am." Painters and sculptors who had worked with him as a living subject, he said with a grin, hadn't been so successful. Went to Register From there the nominee went to register at an automobile travel bureau near a downtown hotel, where he keeps a year-around suite and his voting residence. As curious bystanders pressed their noses to the plate glass, Dewey and Mrs. Dewey received their registration sheets and retired to booths to mark their choice of party. x It didn't take him long, the candidate said, to decide which side he was on politically. Dewey has urged widespread registration, as has President Ropse- veil. There, however, their appeals have been sharply different and aides said the New York governor's remaining speeches in the campaign were likely to emphasize this divergence In viewpoints. With the exception of an address on foreign affqlrs, when he is expected to urge nonpartlsan consideration of this important subject, Dewey was said by intimates to be pointing toward even sharper criticism of the New Deal than he voiced In either his • Oklahoma City or Charleston speeches. STRANGULATION FATAL TO GIRL DEATH CAUSE REVEALED; BODY FOUND IN BATHTUB HOLLYWOOD, Oct. 13. OP)— Pretty 20-year-old Georgette Bauer- dorff was strangled to death in her Hollywood apartment, Lieutenant Garner Brown of the sheriff's office said today. "A wash cloth was folded and pushed down her throat," Brown said. The girl's body was found in the filled bath tub of her apartment yesterday. The body, clad in the upper half of pajamas and apparently dead several hours, was discovered when the wife of the apartment house manager investigated an open' door to the apartment. From the mouth dangled a small piece of wash cloth or towel, Sheriff's Inspector William Penprase said. He declared her death probably resulted from an accident, but that the cloth in her mouth and the absence of her car from its garage warranted a further Inquiry. The car was found today abandoned in a Negro residential district some 10 miles from her apartment. The ignition keys were in place and the gasoline tank was empty. A resident said it had been there since yesterday morning. A large quantity of jewelry was found undisturbed, and there was no evidence of a robbery. Penprase found among her effects a roundtrip airline ticket to El Paso, Texas, indicating she had planned to leave today and return next Wednesday. A notation in her diary indicated she had planned to attend the graduation there Monday of someone identified only as "Lou." There were no marks on her body and bloodstains on the tub, Penprase said, apparently were from her nose or mouth which she may have injured in a fall. She was the daughter of George Bauerdorf, prosperous former New York oil executive, who, with Mrs. Continued on Pnge Two FLASHES WESTWOOO SOLI) SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 13. (UP) The Red River Lumber Company of \Vestwood, Lassen county, one of the largest in the west, today filed an application with the California Railroad Commission for permission to sell its holdings, including the town of VVestwood, to the Northern Counties Utility Company, of Los Angeles. GENE KELLY NEW YORK, Oct. 1,'t. <AP»— Gene Kelly, motion picture actor and dancer, has been classified 1-A and will be inducted into the armed forces in about a month, Waldemar Grassl, chairman of Kelly's New York draft board, said today. WITHDRAWN FROM GREECE LONDON, Oct. 13. (AP)—The Moscow radio said today that withdrawal of Bulgarian troops and administrative officials from Greek territory, begun on October 10. has been completed in compliance with Allied demands preliminary to armistice negotiations. STRIKE IN FRESNO FRESNO, Oct. 13. <AP>— Deliveries of one Fresno soft drink plant were suspended by a teamsters strike today and three others ceased shipment because of shortages, Walter Aufderheide, secretary of the Fresno beverage industries, announced today. Aimee's Death Blamed on Sedatives CORONER'S JURY SAYS OVERDOSE OF TABLETS FATAL TO EVANGELIST OAKLAND, Oct. 13. (UP)—A formal pathologists' report to the Alameda county coroner's jury snld today Aimee Semple McPherson, famous Los Angeles evangelist, died of shock and respiratory failure "due to an overdose of a bar- batol compound" sedative "Contributing to the shock was the terminal hemorrhage in the adrenal gland over the right kidney," the report said. It was presented to the coroner's jury at an inquest called after a half-filled bottle of sedative tablets was found in the hotel room where she died here September 27. Dr. May Ruth Holdt of Western Laboratories Company presented the findings of laboratory tests on Mrs. McPherson's vital organs and stomach contents. She said 1.05 grams of barbatol were found in the body. "This was enough to have a serious effect on a well person, as well as on $. person in ner condition," Doctor Holdt said. She said Mrs. McPherson appeared to have been suffering some time from a liver disease. Barbatol, she testified, is a "respiratory and mental depressive" which causes forgetfulness. She said it was possible that a person taking it "might forget" how much he had consumed and continue taking it beyond the danger stage. Hugo Simen, another witness, testified that he found a red capsule on the floor beside Mrs. McPherson's bed, and four others beside her pillow when he entered the room. He said Mrs. McPherson's tongue was discolored when he saw her. Dr. B. M. Palmer, Oakland physician and surgeon, testified that he was called to Mrs. McPherson's room shortly before noon September 27 and after .examining her "conferred with Dr. Norman Lett as to a proper antidote." "We prepared an antidote and injected it intraveneously, gave her artificial respiration, then pronounced her dead," Dr. Palmer testified. The inquest was conducted by Coroner Mark L. Emerson. ALLIESBREAK ITALY DEADLOCK NEW BRITISH DRIVE LAUNCHED ON HIGHWAY ROME, Oct. IS. (UP) —British Eighth Army forces rolled back the German Adriatic flank on a broad front today as American Fifth Army troops, attacking behind a blazing aerial barrage, fought furiously to break open the Nazi hill defenses south of Bologna. Breaking the 10-day deadlock that stalled their advance to the rim of the Po valley, the Eighth Army veterans swung forward in a general offensive that gained ground everywhere except on the narrow Adriatic coastal strip. Nazi Fight Stiffens The new drive came as German resistance stiffened on the American Fifth Army front before Bologna, stalling the Yank advance up highway 65 in the Llvergnano sector less than 10 miles south of the big railroad and highway hub. Wheeling northwestward against the German flank, the Eighth army hammered out a 5-nille advance up the Rimini-Bologna highway and drove the Germans from a 5-mile mountain ridge just southwest of the road. Enemy opposition weakened under the British attack, although front reports said the Germans were falling back slowly and fighting hard to prevent a decisive breakthrough. Mountain Captured The British captured Montiano, northern anchor of the ridge line, and a cluster of villages—Balignnno, Miisna, and Badia—between that town and the Rimini-Bologna highway. At the southern end of the ridge, they seized Monte Codruzzo and pushed on more than a mile to the southeaster^ slopes of Monte Delia Erte. The advance on the southern wing carried to within a mile of the important north-south highway between Blbblena and Cesena, and the Germans brought up reinforcements for a major stand on Monte Delia ErU> U. S. Troops Swarm Into Heart of City, Mop Up Nazi Pockets Resistance Cracks as Planes, Guns Blast Relief Try SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, PARIS, Oct. 13. OIE) — American troops swarmed in from north and east toward the heart of Aachen against soft and spotty resistance today while to the northeast United States artillery and rocket-firing planes had a Held day blasting German tanks massed for an expected attempt to relieve the city. "The Aaclien picture looks pretty bright," a First Army headquarters spokesman said late today. The drive to clean up Aachen began in crisp, perfect weather when shock troops struck across the railroad into Aachen proper from the Forst-Aachen district. Later another force moved in from the north and tonight front dispatches said the "mop-up" of tha city was proceeding satisfactorily. The shell-swept corridor between the American positions northeast of Aachen was narrowed to half a mile today as the doughboys moved In from both sides, and the battle to close It and put the final seal of doom on the Aachen garrison still was going on this evening. 64 Tanks Destroyed Lieutenant-General Courtney H. Hodges' headquarters announced that American guns and planes destroyed an estimated 64 German tanks concentrated northeast of Aachen ycsterdny nnd whs having another field day today. The mauling evidently blocked or delayed the expected counterattack in force by the massed Gorman armor, but a First Army headquarters spokesman said it still was anticipated "at any time now." Of one battalion of 43 Tiger tanks attacked yesterday, only S were left, while another group of 35 tanks had only I) In action after yesterday's air artillery pounding. Initial advances of several blocks from the east and more than a third of a mile from the north were scored by the two forces pushing through the .streets of Aachen and rooting out nests of Nazi resistance. 1'nlted Press War Correspondent Jack Frankish, who went in with the Yanks striking from the east, said he did not see a singe civilian inside the city. He saw only one dead man—a German soldier lying face down on a rubble heap. Dispatches from the British Second Army fr>nt said a new attack In Holland toward the Meuse river had Continued nn Pane Two —Callfomlan -NKA Telephoto PREVIEW OF AACHEN'S FATE—Debris and rubble from bomb-shattered buildings fill streets of Aachen-Forst, suburb of Aachen and only 150 yards troin the German city Into which tons of explosives were hurled after city garrison ignored a surrender-or-die ultimatum. American infantry drove several blocks Into Aachen from the Forst-Aachen district today aguinst resistance which appeared t* be cracking. MACHINERY TO KEEP FOOD OUTPUT AFTER WAR ASKED BY F.D.R. INCREASED PRODUCTION NEEDED FOR U. S., HELP TO LIBERATED COUNTRIES, SAYS PRESIDENT Brazil Gives Rebuttal in Mrs. Andrews' Trial Finale WASHINGTON, Oct. 13. OP)—President Roosevelt directed WPB Chairman J. A. Krug today to step up the production of farm machinery so that the United States cuu continue its record high food productiou into the postwar period. "Wartime experience has demonstrated that a fully employed America will consume food in uuautities substantially in excess of the prewar period," the President told Krus in a letter made public at today's news conference. "Our plans call for maintaining full employment at home. The con. sumption of food at home, and hence the production of food for consumption at home, must remain at high levels to satisfy the needs and demands of a fully employed America." Vast Exports Seen In addition to domestic needs, the President said the United States will have vast food exports after the war, both through UXRRA for liberated countries and through commercial channels of foreign trade. Mr. Roosevelt said the farm ma- ohinery problem already is well in hand anil that very substantial increases in the. production of agricultural equipment are being made. Be- Continued on Fuse Two Former Argentina President Succumbs BUENOS AIRES, Oct. 13. <U.R>— Dr. Ramon S. Castillo, 70, former president of Argentina, died last night following a long Illness. Castillo assumed office July ;!, Ilt40, to serve during the illness of President Robert M. Ortiz and was inaugurated as president a year later when the national assembly accepted Ortiz' resignation. SALINAS. Oct. 13. (UP)—District Attorney Anthony Brazil accused Leo Friedman, veteran lawyer defending Socialite Frances Andrews against charges that she murdered Farmboy .lay Lovetl, of attempting to confuse the issue by asking the prosecution tu prove "when, where and how Jay was killed." "His argument has no logic to It," Brazil said in rebuttal of his opponent's argument. All Details Not Needed "Even if Mrs Andrews had told someone how she committed the crime." Brazil said, ' there would be no more evidence than there now Is." "Your verdict," Brazil said slowly and solemnly, "is important because it carries with it the death penalty." This was the first mention made of the death penalty in the Andrews trial and may Indicate Brazil intends to demand the highest punishment from the jury. i'e said the law did not require the prosecution to account for every detail of a crime. "As to when and where," he said, "that the bullet wound was made by a shot from this gun July 15 in Monterey county is sufficient for the luw " Brazil contended that the bullet which killed the l!t-year-old farmboy made its mark because "the Gods were not with him—Jay Lovett's day was up." Friedman had asked the jury how It was possible for Mrs. Andrews, whose hands shook when she held a gun, to have sent the bullet directly Into the youth's head on the black night of July 13. The district attorney also challenged the defense statement that Lovctt fired more than one shut at himself. "If the boy had missed himself the first time he undoubtedly would have lost his nerve and would not have gone through the act of suicide," Brazil said. He blamed the lax investigation of the case on authorities' belief of Mrs. Andrew's original statement that "it was suicide." A jury of eight women and four men probably will not begin deliberations on the wealthy, 38-year-old Carrnel valley matron's guilt or innocence until tomorrow, Judge H. U. Jorgcnaen Indicated. Previously^ the case had been scheduled to go to the jury today In what some courtroom observers interpreted as an ill- omened Friday the thirteenth for the defendant. Continued on Pact Two 36-Hour Ban Set for Fruit Shipments EMBARGO PLACED ON STATE LOADING BY COMMERCE GROUP WASHINGTON, Oct. 13. (UP)— The Interstate Commerce Commission announced today that beginning midnight tomorrow a 36-hour embargo will be imposed on the loading and shipment of California. fruits and vegetables. The ICC said that the prohibition would expire at noon Monday. War Food Administration oMl cials said the embargo was ordered to relieve^, shipping space congestion, particularly at San Fran clsco, and because of a freight car shortage. They said that, whlk the week-end ban was only temporary it might be repeated from time to time until the end ot tb* marketing season for frwh produce.

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