The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 12, 1944 · Page 20
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 20

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Thursday, October 12, 1944
Page 20
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Thursday, October 12, 1944 Cfcitorml Californtan ALFRED HA R R ELL • DITOB AND raitlSHIB Entered Jn post office at BafcerFfi^Id, California, a* e^cond cla* mail undrr the net of Cnneress .March 3. MEMBER OF THK ASSOCIATED The Associated Preps* Is oxcliiFivnly rniitlrrt tn thn tlon of all news dlepatrtif'5 rrv*lit**d to i*. nr nut nt in this paper, nnd also the Im^il ntvws published PRKSS sr for The Bakitrfifteld Californian Is MHO a cliont nf nnd rcccivns its compile wire sr United Press REPRESENTATIVES Wept-Holiday Co.. Inc. New York, Chirn^o, Snn Knim-wn. Los Angeles, St'-altlc, Portland, LVnvcr ON. V. C., n, J\ f, By carrlrr or mail fin nri^nnrr) Jn pnslnl znnfH per month. fif*n; nix months, $5.10; yoar, JO postal zones lour to right, por month, 1 wo, thr*'<\ By m;il I in FOR ESSENTIAL HARMONY ing with the days, lie is suffering, it is declared, from frequent nervous crises and nol even Gocring or his closest associal may visit him in his re I real without an invilalion. No amount of intuition relieve the Fuehrer of his anxiety nor lessen the critical situation in which his forces find themselves. Along every line of defense his troops are crumbling and if he is as badly frightened as the dispatches say he is, it will he interesting to know just what he expects lo do next lo insure his personal safely which seems to he Ihe big factor in his life of lodav. * ... . . . _^^_. CONFUSING PICTURE TL e W O EDITOR'S NOTE— Unit) «uch um« a* Ern)« fyM'a column Is renamed followln* till vacation, tbla apaca will bt used for war feature jtorlea. I - HE conference between Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin, il is declared by a Moscow dispatch, sounds a now note of harmony among (lie Allied nations. Further than that, those prominent al the conference, including both the Russian and the British representatives, gave full credit io Ibis country for its material aid to all engaged in the war against the Axis powers. I in; American people have been wailing for some repercussion from (he President's speech in which he announced that be floes not seek (ho support of Communists. They might have expected that Mr. Browder who continues to orate in behalf of a Fourth term, would resume his denunciation of the President, the kind of campaign lie carried on against Hie Chief Executive in 15MO. Just what has changed Mr. Browder's Stalin, of course, was toasted by Churchill mind of course none of us can say. All that for Russian accomplishments upon the battle ! we know is that the President has declared front, but the sentiment most emphasized, j himself opposed io Communists and Coin- perhaps, was that having to do with Hie j munism and yet the one-time head of the program of America in supplying arms, | Communist parly and candidate for th munitions, food and war equipment without -y now almost daily champions the \vhich the victories now never have been achieved. It is timely that the activities here in our own country which have to do with war supplies should find recognition with tho Allies. Il is, of course, our war now as well as theirs but we could not have rendered the aid named without interfering seriously wilh our industrial life, thus creating for us a problem for the postwar period. However, an encouraging factor in the Moscow meeting is the assurance that harmony prevails between the leading nations and that emphasizes the hope that il will continue in the? critical era that will follow the end of hostilities. There is wide recognition that those world problems will nol be solved in a manner lluit will wholly satisfy the divergent interests lo be represented in any council thai may be formed hereafter. There must he a spirit of give and take, of compromise, and the meeting at Moscow strengthens the hope recorded could 1>rc ' si<lcni ' s cause. Il is something that makes a very confusing picture. So does the retention in oilier of many former leftists aflili- alcd once with the Communists. "BLACK WIDOW months Kern county residents have seen flying overhead large planes with the appearance of overgrown P-,'*8s or Light- nings. These planes were here with tactical units in training. They were the new "Black Widows" or night fighters of the Army Air Forces. Now il is revealed thai these planes, technically designated as P-fils, are in operation in both the Pacific and European theaters of war and it is highly probable thai some of the trews (rained here are now in combat /ones abroad. The new night fighter planes, twin motored wilh a total of 1000 horsepower, have high speed and maneuver well despite their weight of 2~>,00() pounds each. The planes that that spirit will numifest itself in the \ are heavily armed with 20-miHimctcr can- days that arc to come. Selfishness and greed must not be permitted to interfere wilh the settlement of the vexed questions (hat will affect the world, and possibly they will not. Many thoughtful persons are doubtful as to that hut none the less all are encouraged by the reception given the findings of Hie Dumbarton Oaks conference and of that now being held in Moscow. CAN YOU HELP? o DAY goes by thai does not emphasi/e the need of additional housing in this cily or ils environs. Now the situation as it has been created al the Airport directs further attention lo the growing demand for homes, for housing units and for rooms. Aboul 100 men are lale arrivals for tranng at the Hying iicld, some of them accompanied by their wives. These men who will be here for weeks at least are dcsperalcly in need of accommodations and Ihe onlv possibility of t I * aiding them is through response lo their appeal lo home owners or property owners. Any resident who can supply either a housing unit or a room can materially help these men in the service of their country by advising the Airport where arrangement has been made lo pass along favorable responses to the men in training. Of course caring for these particular visitors will not cure the situation thai exists now Ihrough the housing shortage but it will very materially assist those in need if their message, as il is curvicd lo Ihe public, brings responses that will advantage the men in non and 50-caliber machine guns, all of which are more or less conventional. The really remarkable thing about the new nighl lighters is that their radio equipment and electronic apparatus are such that Ihey can locale enemy aircraft in lolal darkness with an astonishing facility. This is *-' * like "black magic," in keeping with Ihe plane's somber name. So successful have been Ihe planes that airmen in war /.ones have slept much heller al nighl knowing thai Ihe "Black Widows" were in Ihe sky guarding their airdromes from enemy nighl attacks, one of the nightmares of the pasl. RANDOM NOTES And accordin lo the training. A SCARED FUEHRER 11 L German forces in Aachen have refused If the voter wants to fasten upon himself and on Ihe slate an additional 15 per cent lax on gross receipts he can accomplish lluil by supporting Amendment No. 11 on Ihe ballot, the proceeds lo provide $60 per month for all residents over 60, rich and poor alike. provisions of the amendment, if the billion dollars which would Urns be added to California's tax burden proves insufficient then Ihe rale may be raised to 5 per cent. That is something worth the consideration of Ihe electors. And thai 3 per cent or 5 per cent will be in addition to the 2 1 ,-: per cent sales tax, slate ami • Federal income lax, social security lax and * other taxes levied by Ihe slate and Ihe nation. California has enacted Ihe most generous pension laws of any stale in the Union and that should lessen enthusiasm for the Townsend plan or for the $(><) per month for all who have reached the age of 110. This taxation would nol even mean independence the Allied demand for surrender, Ihe j for its proposed beneficiaries and il would 24-hour limit cove-ring such demand has i place a burden upon tH) per cent of Ihe lax- expired and thai cily and ils beleaguered ! payers they ran illy all'ord to hear in view forces are undergoing a bombardment as severe as any in the history of the campaign against the Fatherland. The ultimatum of Ihe cost of government as it affects them now. livery individual who shares in the burden of governmental support will do well expired al 10:.j() a. in. and a rain of steel and lo give this proposal full consideration lo explosives followed. The lives of 105,000 ! the end that he may vole "Xo" when he goes civilians and 2000 German troops were* imperiled and evacuation of the non-miJitary population has begun. The outer city wilh its modern factories is being laid low and the situation has become critical. Over on the Russian front the Red army has begun a full scale attack on the German forces and 100,000 Nazi troops are declared lo be imperiled. On the Italian front the Allies are lo Ihe polls on November 7, gaming ground ami with the Greek area largely in Allied hands and the Nazis fleeing the situation grows more and more serious for the Fuehrer. And Hitler seems to understand that. A dispatch (ells us that his fear of death, not by the enemy but by assassination by those witliin pie ranks of his supporters, is grow- n I There arc others in whom the pension leadership evinces lillle interest but that is nol true insofar as the public is concerned. Those others are the soldiers who will return lo their homes at some day in the future. The stale wants to recognize them and contribute something to their welfare but it does not propose to give them pensions. No, it just offers to loan them thirty millions of dollars to buy farms and homes. That is something worth supporting and in marked contrast lo Proposal 11 which would go far toward bankrupting the state and which would even work to the disadvantage of those who are presumed lo be beneficiaries. ,4 By HAL, BOYLE AT THB SJKGFKIED LINE, O-t. ;j. <Dc'Iayed) OP)—It was just before midnight. American troops guarding the forward breaches in Germany's Siegfried Line shivered sleepily in the chill foxholes, soppy with rain. The Nazis picked this disagreeable hour to launch a hoavy artillery barrage preliminary to a night counter* attack. Tho fire concentration became so honvy that Staff Sergeant lllclmrd HureiKson of ;">4:i4 Byron street, Chi- knew lie would have to rind fur hi.s HT-min. gun crow. Nwu-by :m abandoned enemy pill* box loomed dully anil dimly, a grey mass in the blark shadow. Sorensffii led hi.s men inside and they crouched behind the thick concrete wails until inn barrage lifted. As they Kturtod to leave tliry lieard Honu-oiH? outside the door. It" turned out to bo a .'iO-man Gorman assault team assigned to destroy the pillbox, Soren.sen and his men, feeling some- bins like turtles boinR pawed by u bear, immediately ln-^an defending it. Sorcnsen's men leaped forward to close the steel blinds covortnK th« ombnjNure.s hut be/ore they did wo a Gorman ^lan.ser poked Its nose in mill bewail spitting. U missed. As rnomy "burp suns" rattled scr»rcs of bullpts n«; the blinds, other Nazis tried to forcw the door. The Americans held it desperately with jichJnft ,shmilder*. The enemy then brought up flame rowcrs. As twin, soaring blasts hit I ho steel door Soronsen and his I toys they had nljout. lost the little of hide and .seek. They had nothing with which to fi^ht 'flame t.h rowers. Just as the enemy was about to burn his way through, however, a Kronp of doughboys returning 1 to positions they had left duriiiK the barrage caught the Xuxl.s and opened liro. The survivors ran back through the nltfht toward the Germans' lines and M few seconds later the squad of iiS mm. gunners stumbled out of the pillbox they had thought would be their grave. "The only difference wa« that every one of ns sweated off about :u» pounds in weight in there." said Sorensen. "I never was so glad in my life to hit fresh air." The enemy sent shells whistling past him before lie hnd removed more than four shovelful of dirt. I'hilosophically reminding himself that no war is perfect, he established his fifth observation post In an old schoolhuuse. Mortar shells immediately started popping on the roof and into the yard. A Half! wearily this lime the lieutenant climbed into his sixth observation post of the day—a knocked mil tank. There the Germans finally lot him alone and he rounded out hi.s tour of duty in peace. thei Lieutenant George H. Lescaliest of •K»!»i Glenmont place, Columbus, Ohio, a mortar observer for a heavy weapons company, knows how it fools to bo a duck in a shooting gallery. Kivo times In one day he was rhaso<! from an observation post by enemy fire. First he picked a house nverlooking enemy positions, but snipers' bullets forced him to move to a high garden wall. Muchinegun fire from hidden Germans made that unhealthy. lie chose a not her house. The Nazis banged in a 170 mm. shell and set It afire. The lieutenant begun digging an observation post on the side of a hill. IT VEKMILLION I'nitod ProBH War i 'oiTp«pon(lenL CORINTH. Greece, Oct. 9.—The l;ist fiornum soldier has been driven t'l-oin the Peloponnesus and this ancient tireek city, liberated "by ar- nmtfcment." is putting- on a combination victory celebration and collaborationist hunt today. The Hermans fled across the Corinthian Isthmus to the-east as soon as the Mritish approached, leaving 1 a "security battalion" of Greek Quislings behind in the apparent hope that they would fight on arid start a. small-sized civil war with countrymen. Ijtit the Quislings promptly contacted Greek Partisan units to arrange for their surrender, camiily insisting that they be taken by the British rather than risk massacre at tho hands of the Partisans. JJeforo they left Corinth, the Germans drove 20 railway engines and i^OO freight cars filled with live horses, mules, and cattle Into the canal. Then they sank a blockship across the entrance to the waterway. A lone Hrltish jeep led the British and Partisan forces into Corinth Sunday morning, riding over roads strewn with flowers and multi-colored mats and rugs laid down by the grateful people. The normal population of Corinth is only 15,000, but today that has been swollen by an influx of celebrants from the surrounding countryside and the city is ringing with victory shouts. The people are singing and church bells tolling for the first time in more than three years. Along the roads from Corinth, too, are long lines of tired, happy Greeks plodding back to their farms after a night-long celebration, walking barefoot on the dusty roads and currying their shoes. German atrocities everywhere In Greece are typified by what happened during the Nazi occupation of Corinth. All the relatives of known guerrilla fighters were herded into a concentration camp here and after every guerrilla attack on the Germans, at least 20 of these hostages would be, shot, regardless of the number of Nazi casualties in the Partisan r a i d. A few minutes ago, in Corinth's main street, a crowd of men and women struck and spat upon a girl who was being led through the streets by a Partisan. The girl was a known prostitute charged with sexual collaboration with the Germans. W as ling foe. (By PETER EDSON) If you haven't yet joined the Girls Who Save Nickels to Elect a Republican President Club, JOS West Adams i i street, Chicago, for gosh sakes get busy and join up. Or, If that doesn't appeal to you, send in an application for membership to Elect Roosevelt for Lrife, 307 •South Burlington u venue, Los Angelea 5, Calif. If you still Insist on being snooty, how's about fieUing you a membership in I Love America, Inc., 2S7 Broadway, N. Y.? These are just three of the 1GS allegedly political organizations which the Senate special committee to investigate campaign expenditures in 11)44 hay started out to check up on, and high time. To each of the ll>8 orgaimuUuns—there will undoubtedly be IBS more—the Senate committee chairmanned by Theodore Francis Green of Rhode Island has sent a five-page questionnaire, wanting to know all about founders, officers members, dues, other financial backing and subsidy, publications, activities, who is being supported and why. Answers are requested within 10 days, and the committee will report its findings on the firs day of the next session of Congress, right after election—probably with some recommendations for new legislation on all this nonsense. Running down this year's list of crackpot political organizations making up the lunatic fringe is enlight- oning as to how the great game of American politics is played. A fellow by the nome of Herbert Brownoil who, if memory serves aright, is chairman of the Republican national committee and Candidate Thomas K. Dowey's campaign manager, scorns to be the head man for five of those parasite organizations: First Voters' l,eague. Inc., Frlomls of Finland for Dewey, the Young Republican Clubs, the Young Republican National Federation, and the National Republican Builders. Not to be loft completely out of i lie running as a great organizer, .Mr. Robert Ilannagan in addition to being chairman of the Democratic national committee and campaign manage*!- for Roosevelt, is listed as head of the Independent Voters for Roosevelt. And boy, how this word "independent" takes a beating in the names of these political marching clubs. There are the Independent Citizens Committee for Roosevelt and Truman, the Independent Committee to Support Norman Thomas, the Independent Committee of the Arts. Sciences and Professions, and the Independent Voters Protest Committee. None of them is probably much more Independent than a concubine in Haroun Al Raschid'a harem but then, the organizers probably think it's fun to kid themselves, if nobody else. A lot of these outfits may turn out to be not political at all, but this whole manifestation of spurious political organizing can be compared to what happened when they started to clean up college football by di'iving out the professional ringers and putting an end to awarding scholarships to promising athletes for picking up towels in the gymnasium. The coaches and graduate managers with tho best eligibility rule evaders usually turned out the best teams and won tho ball games. The same sort of thing seems to be happening in politics. In the great desire to keep politics clean, a deal of corrupt practice legislation is appearing on the books. Big money contributions to political parties are now outlawed so that certain rich men can no longer finance or boss American political parties. The game is now to beat these restrictions and smart people with a bill of political goods to sell are finding ways to peddle their doctrines through concealed purpose organizations which black market their ideas. Congressional activity in investigating the lunatic fringe organizations is merely an effort to learn what's going on and why some of those organizations haven't fjJed reports on political activities as required by law. The tendency is probably towards a great deal more legislation aimed to prevent political corruption. The danger will come if too much restrictive legislation will tend to drive more puUtical activity underground, to evade the laws. Mestions am inswaps (By THE IIASKIN SERVICE) Q. Were ships cut in two during the first \VorM "\Vitr to get them to tho Heacoust? — S. B. F. A. Large ships wore cut In two io bring them from the Great Lukes to the coast. The vessels were cut in two by means of. an acetylene torch while in dry dock. The sections were then boarded arjd cnuJked, after which the dock was flooded and the sections were hauled apart and towed. The halves were later rejoined and made seaworthy. Q. What will be done with prisoners of war after peace is declared? A. The Geneva Convention provides that after the termination of hostilities- and after the peace treaties are In effect, prisoners of war will be returned to their respective countries, Presumably this convention, will be followed at the close of the present war. x Q, What is tho distance of the horizon when standing on the shore? — W. B. K. A. At eye level, on the surface nf the aea, the range of vision is only miles. 2 Q. What Is the origin of the name Latin Quarter in reference tu a section of Paris?—M. S. A. This is the section of the city in which the University of Paris is situated. Kducution in the university was formerly given in Latin, and the students used to go about the town singing their songs in Latin thus giving rise to the name which persists to the present day. Q. Are Christmas packages sent overseas Inspected?—D. K. A. Christmas packages to servicemen overseas are subject to Inspection. The gifts should be so wrapped that they can be readily inspected. Seals should not be placed across the corners. Q. Who founded the House of Sa- Voy, the royal house of Italy?—V. K. E A. Umberto Biancamuno (Humbert, the Whltehanded). He lived in the eleventh century. A render ran feet the answer to am question of fai't by writing The ]tafcora field Calilorulan Information Ituruau. 31ti Kye Sheet, N. K., Wa&hJiiftton, 2, U. C. Plea»e •ucloht tbrtc cent* fur reply. | rom the Fil es o The Californian TEX YEARS AGO (The California*!, Ihla date. 1934) Refusal of two Kern county farmers to send their children to school, put one in jail for five days and gave the other a 30-day suspended jail sentence. The men pleaded guilty in Judge R. E. Lobre's court in McFarland. Sixty boys signed the charter for the new Sons of Legion organization and were initiated lust night. Bookkeeping, music and public speaking 1 have been added to the evening high school course to be taught here this winter. Twenty-nine persons are participating in the cotton-picking: contest today in Buttonwillow and most of them are classified as experts, A new world high mark is predicted. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The r-ftiirnriilnn. this date, 1024) C. A. Barlow acted aa toastmaster last night at a largely attended reception honoring Dr. George Sabicht, new national president of Exchange Club. Several gallons of wine used as evidence during a trial before Judge A. \V. Mahon today, was poured into drains by court order this afternoon. The Bellhelen Development Corporation has taken over two mining claims in Kern county, according to a document filed with County Recorder Charles Shomate this morning. San Joaquin valley hogs topped the market in Los Angeles, according to the report of D. II. Bitner, manager for California Farm Bureau .Market Association. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Callfnrnlan. thla date. 1D14) Headlines: Boston Braves Win 12- Inning Game, 5 to 4. Germans Lose 45,000 Troops in Siege of Antwerp Forts. Defenders of Belgian Capital Flee in Full Rout, Say Teutons. The Home Supply Company store was robbed Saturday night and $50 removed from the cash till. Nut C. Goodwin will be seen tonight in "Never Say Die" at Bakersfield Opera House. Assistant Superintendent of Schools Tames Parker has returned from the Elks convention in Fresno. He also spent some time there visiting schools. Mrs. Howard A. Pealrs gave a reading on the picture gallery at Cambridge when Chautauqua circle convened at the home of Miss Ella Hare. BTV YEARS AGO (The Californian, thla date. 11104) Born October 10 to Mr. and Mrs. George Hay, a son. Young men of Kern are forming .1 gymnasium club. A room has been rented on I street and Forrest Cassady has been named president. Mrs. H. G. Parsons will present a paper when Thursday Music Club studies the life of Schuman Thursday afternoon. Charles McCord, while cutting a piece of meat in his father's butcher •shop yesterday, accidentally let the cleaver come down on his thumb. Six stitches closed the wound and he will not lose the member. Doctor Lily of Merced has been named president of the Valley Medical Association which convened in Fresno last night Doctor Hilrtreth of Delano was the speaker of the evening, his topic being "Crude Petroleum From Kern County and Its Relation to Therapeutics." FIFTY YEARS AGO (The CaJirornlan. this date. 1894) The team to represent the cricket club of Bakersfield in the coming cricket carnival in San Francisco will be chosen from Richardson, Jackson, Craigie, Blunt. Clifft, Stratton, Summerhayes, Hickey, Ashfor, Balfor and C'ruice. Alex Mills and family will move to Los Angeles to live. Mr. and Mrs. V. Verpuyle left last night for Egypt, Miss. They hare been living near Hoosier Mill on Mount Breckenridge. There is a movement afoot to engage General Lew Wallace us a speaker here this winter. Professor E. P. Todd, a graduate of Irvine Dancing Academy of San Francisco, will open a dancing academy at Armory hall. SO THEY SAY There are only two things that will affect the speed of demobilization of the army. One is the military necessity of retaining- sufficient troops in service to quickly and permanently defeat Japan. The other is available shipping.—Secretary of War Henry 1*. Stimson. Tojo and others like him who step aside before the final debacle cannot by so doing escape the consequences of their own acts. It is time the American government made this clear to the people of Japan and those who lead them.— Honolulu Advertiser editorial. We must control, with the cooperation of all our Allies, the future use of all the islands of the Pacific and prevent their future military use by Japan.—Rep. Andrew J. May of Kentucky, military affairs chairman. Our trouble is that there are too many lines over which we have to get agreement before things can be clone,—George T. Christopher, president Packard Motor Co., on recon- version. The Japs are hard hit. This is no time for us to relax. I believe we should hit them now with both fists. — Lieutenant-General Walter Kreuger In south Pacific. PEN SHAFTS Folks who cash in their war bonds now will be extra cash out in the years to come. Hang onto those you have—and buy more! It won't be long till the little kids will get their ears clean bobbing for apples. The average man thinks people are all right in their way as long: as they don't get in his. Note to the Janitor: You may fire when ready! Which usually isn't soon enough. The annual bonus some men will get during the coming holidays is almost gone. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY He that hath an ear, let him hear i chat the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not he hurt of the second death. Revelation 2:11. glorious dls -William El Immortality is the covery of Christianity, lery Channlng. N ews N ews (By PAUL. MALLON) WASHINGTON, Oct. 12.—Sparse and softly agreeable comment in Congress on the postwar world formula of Dumbarton Oaks does not mean the project Is being taken lightly. It is being- subjected to severe study here aa elsewhere, yet there is every present prospect that the unfinished proposal will be approved not only by a majority but a safe two-thirds of the Senate on the following grounds: The formula is based on the league oC nations theory of running the world. Some technical changes do no alter the basic theme that a world council will investigate aggressors and impose sanctions (economic and social as well as military) to deter the pugnacious. The language has the same ring as the league covenant which directed its council to "take action deemed wise and effectual to safeguard the peace of nations," and in Article X gfcid: "The members of the league undertake to respect and preserve against external aggression the territorial integrity and existing political independence of all members of the league . . ." The assembly mav from time to time advise . . . the consideration of international conditions whose continuance might endanger the peace of the world." This proposal is the league plus the Kellogg-Briand pact renouncing war, the World Court of Justice and the disarmament conference—with really one critical difference. This thne the United States is to undertake leadership of the all-rolled-lnto- one world program along with "Russia and Britain particularly. This leadership is to replace Anglo- French leadership of the old league In which Russia was a trivial influence. The cast changes but the ideal of the play Is not altered materially and the script only pointed up. This theory of peace has become popular because of a prevailing notion that the reason the league failed was because the United States did not join Us influence. Canvassing the opinions of congressional parties and factions, I judge an overwhelming official bipartisan sentiment exists behind this endeavor. There will not be much serious arguing about it unless a completed text infringes upon national rights or raises a question of our interests. It is not my purpose to take a position on the matter, only to re- pork how It proposes to work. The incomplete agreement is like the charter of a club, a world club pledged to peace. This club is to be controled largely by an executive committee, called "the security council." The composition of the committee does not suggest that any one, either the United States or Russia will wield greater influence. Five peiima- nent members are to be the big five United Nations, but in the voting six more rotating members from smaller nations will furnish the numerical majority of whichever side they go. The all-important details of the voting have not been agreed (whether unanimity is necessary for action) but as the agreement now stands, the complexion of the council will depend on the hue of the smaller nations chosen for the one, two and three-year terms. This council cannot itself wage war, but can call upon the United Nations to wage practically anything from social Isolation of a nation to invasion. (Cost of these wars or actions are apparently to be borne by the nations furnishing the armies or taking the steps). The council Is to be always ready for action, although no provisions for housing it are mentioned. I would think It would be established in Washington for Oils reason: The league was largely a European device. This is to be a world de- vcie. To choose soine small neutral place such as Switzerland, or to use the old league buildings there, would subject it to the old unsatisfactory surroundings in which it waa unsuccessful. Washington is the natural background for its new tone and intent. (To be continued in a subsequent column). (World copyright. 1944. by King Pnium ¥.„__ d teat i.'. Inc. All rlnhtfl reserved. Reproduction In full or In part Urictly prohibited.) oo (By ALFRED HITCHCOCK) omn (Pinch-Hitting for Erskfne Johnson) I have been naked by the motorman of this column to say a few words on suspense pictures, and I shall have to open these sage observations by remarking that the word "suspense" bores me. It has become hackne5'ed. Suspense doesn't apply merely to melodrama or mystery. You can very well utilize suspense in a love story. In fact, you had very well better U you want the audience to hang around. For myself, in place of "suspcnj pictures," I much prefer the words— my own coinage—"seatciingers." I'm not too proud of them, but they have some of the connotation which used to attach to the words "cliffhangers" when applied to serials. Suspense becomes merely the business of preparing an audience for the greatest amount of enjoyment from any given incident or situation. Suspense is sometimes achieved in a very obvious manner. Race a train and an automobile side by side toward an intersection which you already have shown the audience and you may feel fairly sure that they won't walk about looking for the candy counter until the intersection has been passed. ••^•^ Another obvious example Is to have the audience provided with information not available to the characters, as when you have a man about to be stabbed in the back by another man, and the audience sees the assailant but the victim does not. Sometimes this has reverse English, so to speak. In "Foreign Correspondent," we put Joel McCrea on a tower and told the audience, in so many actions, that he was going to be pushed off. Out of inability to take it, the audience began to want the bad thing to happen. It was as If they said: "If he is to be pushed off, please get it over with." In "Spellbound,"-which I am now completing for Vanguard Films, we complicate one suspensive happening- with another. We have a hero who thinks he has committed murder, and we concern ourselves for a while with the matter of extricating him from this belief. But we couple his fear that he has committed murder with an added fear that he may do the same thing to the heroine of the story. When he seems to be getting free from one problem we confront him with the other. _ The thing which makes an audience sit breathless as the heroine's head approaches the circular saw is no more understood by me than it is by you. No circular saw has ever yet cut off the heroine's head, yet we can use this situation, or its equivalent, many times over—and do. We see improvement, in this mater of suspense, on every hand, of course. In the old days of melodrama they used to bring the sawmill In out of the blue—no excuse for it, It was just there when the heroine's neck needed cutting. We are more realistic now. It !a an age of enlightenment and taste. We make the heroine the daughter of a lumberjack. R fl . eaders* point ™ C attack hut EDITOR'S NOTE-Lettera should be limited to 150 words; must not be abusive Md should be written Je«Jb» tad ™™ no t «»i»iw We for the sentiments contained therein and MMTIM the right to rfict . Letter., must bear an authentic addre« and aignmture. although these will t* wUUrtd 3 RAFAEL CUEN Editor Bakersfield Californian: I read your item in regard to the passing of Rafael Cuen, cattle superintendent for Miller and Lux from 1828 to 1928 (I once worked under him.) Forty-six years a cattle boss for one of the greatest cattle outfit in America, in an era of big herds in the San Joaquin valley. Miller knew men, and when he gave young Rafael Cuen charge of his chuck wagons at a roundup at Tulare Lake in 1882 he made no mistake for in those 46 years from the outskirts of Bakersfield to the coast, from Tulare Lake to Cayama valley the herds ranged and Rafael Cuen was worthy of the trust of this great wealth of cattle. Afore often than not he waa shorthanded or with green or poor crews, coaxing, scolding, or praising his men, he got the job done. Forty- six years of cattle, horses, cowboys, vaqueros, cold, heat, rain. ' Sleeping out much of the time in all kinds of weather. He once counted 60 riders on the Miller and Lux chuck wagon. During his time of service there were at one time 60,000 head of cattle on the southern division. He was one of the best known cattle bosses, cowboys and cattlemen knew of him and spoke his name all over the west. A descendant of the first Spanish settlers, he reminded one. In his purposeful way, of those Spaniards, one reads of, who plodded the weary miles over unknown deserts in the early history of America. A. R. ROJAS. P. O. Box 632, Station A, Bakersfield, Calif. EB DEXTERITEM Editor The Californian: Reader's Viewpoint, September 28, letter from Roosevelt Democrat. The writer thereof affords a good example of the voter who Is thoroughly "indoctrinated" with Roose- veltian hero worship. Thomas Carlyle covered that subject in "Heroes and Hero Worship," which every voter should read for the-good-of his .country. Did Dewey kill the soldier ballot? New York law enables every citizen at home or abroad except merchant seamen to cast his ballot under the constitution (federal). The omission of the seamen seems to have been due/ on all hands to an oversight. are scattered to the four winds and complete returns would probably not be in until after January 1, and we should then have no president unless F. D. R. or R. F. D. issued a directive to continue himself in office. But what is the Constitution among friends? Judge William Clark of Newark, N. J. (a descendant of Supreme Court Justice Bradley, and a prep student of mine) acquired nationwide fame by declaring the prohi- bltion amendment unconstitutional; and foHowed up that piece of Solo- monic wisdom by declaring that people aberrations anent the fundamental document was not due to malignity but to ignorance, "plain- dumb" in the presidence petulant diction. Anyhow what assurance is there that the seamen would all back ''the champ" even under pressure from Harry Bridges who ought to be fc fighting in the Australian army replacing one (or a dozen) American boys who ar<S being horribly mutilated in the Pacific because (partly) F. D. R. began his program of economy and preparedness by "dl- reeling" the abolition of many mill- tary posts, reverse directing when business communties affected raised a howl. The captain of the amber- Jack would show the army what's what as between army and navy! PROPTER PEXTERITEM. TAFT YOUTH CENTER Editor The Californian: In behalf of the youth center committee of the recreation commission, I want to tell you how much we appreciate the page of pic- urea of the West Side Youth Center that appeared in Saturday's issue 1 of the Californian; also for the article giving the history of the center, I can assure you the Youth Center* la meeting the wishes of the young people for a place to go in their leisure hours and they are doing a wonderful Job of running it themselves. Tho assistance you and the staff of The Californian have always given to community projects such as this one helps more than you realize in their success. Will you please thank Alias Day for being so patient with us when she w09 taking the pictures. The pictures prove she did a splendid job. .Thaaks a lot for your fine co- ope ration. Sincerely yours, A. W. NOON, Chairman Youth Center Committee. The Fort; Taft f Calif. * 1 } • I

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