The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on April 26, 1963 · Page 9
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 9

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Ottawa, Kansas
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Friday, April 26, 1963
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Page 9
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War In South Viet NaM TREED HOUND - Penny, Holland McPhail's dog, doesn't realize dogs aren't supposed to climb trees as she takes after squirrels and raccoons, but 7-year-old pooch does it with gusto. Penny is true mutt—Part Toy Terrier and part anything, or everything. Her master lives in Salina. EDITOR'S NOTE—Malcolm W. Browne for the last year and a halt has been chief Associated Press correspondent in South Viet Nam. He has traveled into many remote areas with troops and reported the action. Now in the United States briefly he has been asked many questions about the Vietnamese war. In this article he answers some of these questions. Q. How is the war in South Viet Nam going? A. For a few months the war has been on a kind of pleateau. Fighting and casualties go on, but neither side has gained much. The Communists have not achieved what they hoped to do, but they are still fighting as hard as ever Q. How long do you think it will take to win? A. The most discouraging aspec is that the Viet Cong is evidently recruiting fighters just as fast a it loses men in battle. In this pat tern the war could go on indefin itely. Saigon and Washington hope the Viet Cong will realize it can' win and will give up. The Vie Cong hopes Washington will ge tired of spending and blocdshec and agree to a negotiated true of the Laotian type. Neither sid shows signs of giving in. Q. How deeply is America in-1 Q. What is life like for the aver- olved? A. As deeply as possible -short f combat divisions. The decision as been made to hold the line gainst Communist subversion. Americans in Viet Nam feel that he White House would send in combat units it it became obvious here was no other way to win. As it is, GI advisers are shoot- ng and getting shot. Technically, his is not combat, but to call it cials, American diplomats and military officers agree the Com munists would take over quickly. Without American support, President Ngo Dinh Diem's government could not stand. The strongest opposition to the government is the Viet Cong. Q. Should America continue support of the Diem government? A. It is doubtful that there is much choice. America can influence Vietnamese policies only by persuasion. To use force would bring charges of colonialism that would strengthen the Communist position throughout Southeast Asia The CIA is kept out of Vietnamese politics and confined to war activity in the countryside, for the most part. age American soldier? A. If he's in one of the support units, such as the helicopter crew is under fire almost daily. Soldiers usually serve 12-month tours, and most I've known have been anxious to leave. Q. Vietnamese army units have been charged with lacking aggressiveness and being unwilling to fight. What about that? A. Most of the Vietnamese soldiers I've known struck me as courageous — but if they are not pushed, they insist on cooking lunch and having a long siesta, even when their units are in hot pursuit of the enemy. The Vietnamese officer corps is organized on the basis of political reliability. Many officers are unwilling to initiate action that could backfire into a reprimand from the palace Q. How effectively are Ameri cans waging guerrilla warfare? A. In general, American field of ficers and soldiers are doing an impressive job. Many speak Viet namese enough to communicate with local commanders. They have learned to live on local food ant can keep going in the jungle There are few privates and fewe raftees—most are seasoned pro- essionals. Q H.ow effective are helicopt- rs? A. Without them it would be lard to continue the war, al- hough helicopters are easy to hit with a machine gun. If the Viet Cong had better weapons or a few rmed airplanes, helicopter war would be even more dangerous. But helicopters have made it possible to keep the Vietnamese army on the move. Q. Will Viet Nam become a second Korea? A. Most American officials consider this unlikely. Ambassador Frederick Nolting feels that neither North Viet Nam nor Communist China is in a position to risk that kind of war. North Viet Nam's small but growing industry is the major hope for its economic future. This industry would be destroyed in a larger war. Q. How about progress toward democracy in South Viet Nam? A. The machinery exists but under an emergency clause in the constitution President Diem rules by decree. There is no habeas cor pus. Secret police keep tabs on everything. The government con tends that democracy must be built from the hamlet level upward, educating peasants and getting them accustomed to the democratic process. Critics say that unless Saigon moves faster toward giving the people a voice in their 'overnment, the Viet Cong will remain popular. Q. How much influence does Mme. Ngo Dinh Mhu, the first ady, have? A. She is very powerful. She is he wife of Diem's brother, regarded as the second most powerful man in the country. Mme. Nhu is beautiful and charming, with an extremely forceful personality and a good deal of political strength in her own right. She has been charged by many opposition lead ers with amassing a fortune in foreign banks. I asked her about these charges once, and she an swered that her family had always been wealthy and didn't need more money. She was much more interested in power, she said. Q. How big a factor is Communist infiltration through Laos? A. North Vietnamese agents come in through Laos steadily, but intelligence men feel the rate is not numerically great—a few hun drcd a month. There is no evidence of weapons being infiltrated. Chinese-made medical supplies and North Vietnamese uniforms urn up, and some rice is smuggled. The main strength of the Viet Cong seems to be internal. Even if the Laotian border could be sealed, I think the war would continue pretty much as it is. Q. Where does the Viet Cong get its weapons? A. Most Viet Cong weapons now are new U.S. military weapons, captured in ambushes on governments units and attacks on out* posts. Often a Viet Cong unit if organized initially with no weapons. The political organizer tells his men and women that they must fight at first with handmade arms — spears, daggers, swords and crude shotguns. To get better weapons, the unit must capture them from the enemy. The system evidently works. Viet Cong arms now include modern recoilless cannon, heavy mortars, good machine guns and very large supplies of submachine guns. THE OTTAWA HERALD Friday, April 26, 1963 NO GIMMICKS - NO GIVE AWAY JUST PLAIN GREATLY REDUCED NOT JUST A FEW MODELS BUT OUR ENTIRE STOCK OF LOW ICES VICTOR MARKED DOWN FOR YOUR BENEFIT 23" Black and White TELEVISION CONTEMPORARY SHOWPIECE The RUPERT Series 233-C-80-M 23" tube (overall diag.) 282 sq. in. picture RCA VICTOR Tburmta. TV Was 339.95 Now $265.00 Other Models as low as $185.00 w/t AM-FM, FM Only RADIOS RICH WOOD CABINET The TRIBUNE 3RC7 Series RCA VICTOR DELUXE FM-AM RADIO • Cabinet in Walnut Finished Hardwood. • Automatic Frequency Control for Drift-free FM Reception • Continuous Tone Control • Slide-rule Vernier Tuning with Lighted Dial •Big 5* xr Speaker Was 89.95 NOW Other Models as low as $27.50 STEREO PLAYERS COMPLETE STEREO PLEASURE MARK XI With FM-AM Tuner 3VF30 Series RCA VICTOR TOTAL SOUND STEREO WITH FM STEREO RADIO Was 399.95 Now $335.00 Other Models as low as $73.50 Table and Clock RADIOS LETS YOU SLEEP EXTRA MINUTES! The DAWNETTE 3RD5 Series RCA VICTOR CLOCK RADIO • Clock Has Luminous Hand* • Drowse Alarm Sounds at 8-mlnute Intervals to Let You Catch an Extra 40 Winks • Sleep Switch • Wake to Music Automatically or Set Buzzer Alarm Was 39.95 Now Other Models as low as $19.88 $34.95 Transistor RADIOS SUPER "POWERLIFT" PERFORMANCE! You Are Going To Want A ny Of These Items In The Next 6 Months, You Owe It To Yourself And Your Bank Account To Come In COLOR TELEVISION PERFECT HOME ENTERTAINMENT The WARRINGTON Mark 8 Series 213-H-39-M 265 sq. in. picture RCA VICTOR MARK 8 COLOR TV Was 1100.00 Now $895.00 Other Models as low as $465.00 And See. The GLOBE TROTTER 3RGB Series RCA VICTOR DELUXE PORTABLE TRANSISTOR RADIO • Eight transistors, Including four Improved, High Efficiency transistors, plus one crystal diode—long-range reception • Tuned RF stage Was 49.95 NOW Other Models as low as TAKE UP TO THREE YEARS TO PAY Let Us Show You That Good Service Makes The Difference. $14.88 CRITES 419 S. Main APPLIANCE CENTER Phone CH 2-3700 Portable TELEVISION A'TOP BUY 9 IN PORTABLE TV! Thi SPORTSMAN SPORTABOUT RCA VICTOR Tbur Zfefe W StriM 1I3-A-52-M II" tuba (ovirall diaf .) 172 sq. in. picture $180.00 Other Models ta low u $134.95

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