The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 12, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Thursday, October 12, 1944
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TH12 WEATHER Temperature High yesterday Tfi Low today 49 HalMfull Season (Airport) T Year atfo (Airport) T Season 'Lund Company) T Year ago (Land Company) T Forecast Variable hish cloudH and nun- phfne today and Friday with little change in temperature. Rent Control Law Held Invalid by Judge, Page 9 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1944 Allied Fliers Deliver Greatest Mass Blows to Balikpapan Oil By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor Tokyo radio reported 1000 Allied planes, greatest air fleet ever massed in the Pacific, today raided Formosa, guarding the China coast, while others carried out the heaviest mass attack ever made on Japan's vital oil center at Balikpapan, Borneo. United States amphibious forces captured their eleventh island in the mouth-old invasion of the Palau group, within 600 miles of the Philippines. The newest islet was Bairnkaseru, taken without opposition by Eighty-first Division .infantrymen. Japanese broadcasts told of an 8-hour air battle over Formosa as "some 1000 fighter and bomber planes" swept the length oC the island. An imperial communique claimed "approximately 100 enemy planes" were shot down in the first eix hours of the massive air battle Which began at 7 a. m. (Tokyo time). Port Cities Targets Principal targets were listed as Tainan- and Takao, port cities on the southwestern coast, and TaJchu, a railway junction near the center of Formosa. The attack—assuming 1 the reports to be true—presumably came from Vice-Admiral Marc A. Mltscher's powerful carrier force. Tokyo had expressed fear the American carriers were "still lurking" in the area after their smashing: surprise raid earlier t»e week on the Ryuku islands, Which link Japan and Formosa. A carrier smash at Formosa would surpass in daring the raids on the Ryukyus, and would be the closest approach of American naval forces to their groal on the China coast. Heavily fortified Formosa was the jumping-off place for Japanese planes which bombed the Philippines at the start of the war and probably the embarcation point for the recent invasion of the Foochow area on the nearby central China coast. Raid on Balikpapan Earlier Tokyo reported 100 Liberators, escorted by 30 Lightnings, raided Balikpapan Tuesday. If true, it would be the sixth recent strike and the greatest mass raid on the Balikpapan refineries. They have a 3,000,000-barrel capacity and produce 15 per cent of Japan's aviation gasoline and lubricating oil. And it would be the first use of fighter escorts in Balikpapan raids. The nearest American air base is at Morotai, 825 miles to the north- *€ast. Tokyo asserted 25 bombers and 7 fighters were shot down. Attacked by Liberators General Douglas MacArthur said night-flying Liberators attacked the refineries and nearby airdromes for four hours Sunday. Six more barges trying to reinforce remnants of the Japanese garrison on Morotai were sunk. In two days MacArthur has announced the sinking or damaging of 24 such would-be rescue craft. Junta Urges Spanish Maquis to Revolt By Associated Press The Toulouse radio declared today that the "supreme junta of the Spanish National Union/ 1 , in a meeting •at Toulouse, had called upon patriotic Spaniards to join in the struggle to liberate Spain "from all traitors who sold her to foreigners." The broadcast, recorded by the Federal Communications Commission, followed receipt of dispatches from Madrid saying the Spanish government had offered the French government "all possible facilities" to bring under control Spanish Republican Maquis who have been raiding Spanish territory from France for the past 10 days. It has been reported that as many as 40,000 of these Republicans— all avowed opponents of the Franco regime—are scattered through south era France. '1 SAKHALI vfc TOB croaofo 40* Yellow Pacific Tpkyt MUKO ~ CHICh Ocean MARCUS IS. FORMOSA 20° , MARIANAS IS. LUZOM TINIAN GUAM* .HAll ^V K CAROLINE 'TRUK fALAU 140* 160° — Calirornlan-NEA Telephoto FORMOSA RAIDED?—A fleet of 1000 Allied planes today raided Formosa, city guarding the China coast, Tokyo radio said today, as American amphibious forces captured their eleventh island in the Palau group. Japan also reported another raid on the vital oil center at Balikpapan, Borneo, where 15 per cent of Japan's aviation gasoline and lubricating oil is produced. American planes struck only 200 miles from Japan Monday (United States time) at the Ryukyu islands which link Japan and Formosa. ANDREWS TRIAL RECESSED AS D. A PREPARES FINAL SPEECH TO JURY DEFENSE ATTORNEY MARTIN BRINGS TEARS TO SPECTATORS IN APPEAL FOR SOCIALITE Two Men Injured in nterurban Collision SALINAS, Oct. 12, <UJ>)—The trial of Mrs. Francos Andrews, 38-year- old Carinel valley society matron, today was iu recess in observance of Columbus Day, as District Attorney Anthony Brazil prepared his final rebuttal to convince a Jury that Mrs. Andrews murdered her 19-year-old farm boy protege, Jay Lovett, the night of July 15. Defense Attorney Carinel Martin, collaborating with Veteran Leo Friedman, brought tears to the eyes of some women spectators late yesterday when he voiced a personal and professional appeal for Mrs, Andrews' acquittal. Speaks Quietly Martin, known personally to nearly every juror and a native of the Carmel valley, from which his first name is derived, spoke in a quiet and quavering voice in sharp contrast to the blustering and roaring delivery of Friedman. "How could this simple, charitable, sympathetic woman get up at 11 o'clock at night?" Martin asked, Continued on Page Two SAX FRANCISCO, Oct. 12. <U Two Key system interurban trains collided head-on in Oakland today at Trestle Gleji and Sunny Hills Roads. Three ambulances were sent to the scene of the crash. The trains apparently were carrying lew if any passengers. Donald HuBsell, San Francisco, trainman, was treated at Highland Hospital for minor injuries. Alex Stuart, 65, suffered a compound leg fracture. f Dewey Puts Foreign Policy in Major Campaign Place By United Prens Foreign policy appeared destined Thursday to play an increasing part in the 1944 campaign with announcement by Governor Thomas E. Dewey, the G. O. P. presidential * i nominee, that it would be the major topic of a series of speeches he will i make in the next two weeks. The first, entitled "This Must Be the Last War," will be delivered at the New York Herald-Tribune Forum next Wednesday. Speaking from Albany Wednesday night Dewey called on men and women throughout the country to register and vote. ,.,,,. On Trade Barriers Meanwhile President Roosevelt said in a message to the National' Foreign Trade Council that the United States must Join other nations in removing trade barriers that throttled commerce after the last war. Mrs. Charles W. Tillett. vice-chairman of the Democratic National committee, declared that Dewey'n foreign policy adviser, John Foster Dulles, had lost the support of women voters by'admitting that the G. O. P. would not put a world or- ganization for peace above party politics. Senator Harry S. Truman, Democratic vice-presidential nominee, said in New Orleans at the start of a tour of the west that the "southern Democratic revolt" offered no hope of an increased Republican electoral vote. Flood t'otitrol Later, Truman said in tin address labeled "nonpoMtical" that the present administration has done more to con trol floods than had ever been done before and that "we were fortunate to have a President with the courage and vision to back the creation of a TVA.' f Governor John W. Bricker, Dewey's running mate, said in Tacoma, \Vash., tha,t all .the New Deal offered In the way of a recovery program was made work and the dole. Senator Owen Brewster (R-Maine), predicted the election of 7 to 11 additional Republican senators. Chairman Pat Drewry (D-Va.), of the House Democratic campaign committee said there was no basis for belief \hat a small vote would favor Dewey and a large one the President. He predicted a smaller vote than in 1940 and said Mr. Roosevelt's election was virtually certain. Race on to Budapest; Hungary May Quit CDON, Oct. 12. <#)—Russian troops have hammered their way to within about five miles of Riga* the capital and chief port of Latvia, the Russian communique announced tonight. LONDON, Oct. 12. OlE) Moscow reported today that the Red army had captured Oradea, big Transylvanian transport center near the Hungarian frontier, and had opened an artillery bombardment of East Prussia along a 50-mile front. Premier Josef Stalin issued an order of the day nuuounclng the fall of Oradea to Marshal Hod ion Y. Miilinovsk.v's Second Army of the Ukraine, the left wing of which was sweeping against Budapest after capturing Szeged, Hungary's second city. Stalin described Orndea as "nn important communications and economic center and powerful Transylvania defense base." Earlier Moscow reports told of a powerful Soviet offensive along 1 the border of East Prussia in conjunction with the artillery bombardment of Germany's home soil. The Nazi-controlled Scandinavian telegraph bureau reported from Berlin that the Russians had driven into the great Baltic port of Memel, and violent house to house fighting was going on. Hungary Is on the verge of capitulation, United Press Correspondent Henry Shapiro reported by telephone from Moscow. The Bulgarian occupation troops streamed out of Greece today, paving the way for a formal armistice between the Sofia government and the Allies. Agrees to Evacuate Tass, the official Soviet News Agency, disclosed that Bulgaria had agreed to evacuate all troops and administrative personnel from Greece by October 26, as a pre-condition to an armistice between Bulgaria on one side and the United States, Britain and Russia on the other, "In order to supervise and control this evacuation, the three Allied governments will send their representatives to Bulgaria," Tass said. "These will act as a United Allied military commission under the chairmanship of a Soviet representative." Tass said Bulgaria also had agreed to evacuate her troops and personnel from occupied Yugoslav territory, but a Bulgarian broadcast reported that Sofia had reached an agreement with the Soviet commander and Marshal Tito that would permit them to remain in Yugoslavia temporarily to continue the fight against the Germans. Radio Moscow said the Red armies of the north had struck out in a three-way drive toward the Latvian port of Llepaja (Libau), Memel, and the East Prussian stronghold of Tilsit. Advance Steady The Moscow newspaper Pravda reported from the front that Soviet troops going into action along the Kast Prussian front after a shattering artillery bombardment were advancing steadily westward against bitter but futile Nazi resistance. There WHS no specific: word of a Red Army crossing into East Prussia. But this llrst penetration of the fatherland soil from the east appeared imminent, if not already achieved, since the Soviet high command already had announced the Continued on f'aue Two LA CZECHS FREE CITY LONDON, Oct. 12. (U.PJ—The Czechoslovak government in exile announced tonight that Czechoslovak troops fought their waj; through the Dukla pass in the* Carpathians and liberated their first homeland village, Vyssikor- marnik, on October 6. PLANES LA8H BOLOGNA ROME, Oct. 12. (UPJ—A great fleet of American Fying Fortresses and Liberators ripped up German military installations in the outskirts of Bologna today in a Thunderbolt assault that air force common ders said was the greatest ever hurled against a single target by the United States Fifteenth Air Foi;ce 1 IN MOSCOW—Premier Stanislaw Mikolajczyk and a group of colleagues of the London Polish government arrived in Moscow today by plane for an effort to solve the thorny Polish problem. F. R. ASKS SOLID PEACE FOOTING COLUMBUS DAY ADDRESS GIVEN FOR DIPLOMATS WASHINGTON, Oct. 12. <UR>— President Roosevelt, in a Columbus Day address to a gathering of Latin- American diplomats, called today for establishment of "solid foundations" of an international peace organization "without further delay, and without waiting for the end of hostilities. "There must, of course, be time for discussion by all the peace loving- nations—large and small," the President said. "Substantial progress has already been made, but it must be continued as rapidly as possible." Adaptable Charter The President said that, like the American Constitution, "the charter of the United Nations must not be static and inflexible, but must be adaptable to the changing conditions of progress—social, economic, and political—all over the world," Speaking to a nation-wide radio audience and to the chiefs of the Latin-American diplomatic missions in Washington except that of Argentina, Mr. Roosevelt made a bid for the support of the Argentine people. Mr. Roosevelt hailed the courage and vision of Christopher Columbus and found it significant that "today in Italy—the homeland of Columbus —forces from muny parts of this hemisphere are from many distant parts of the civilized world are fight- Ing for freedom against the German threat of medieval tyranny." Shortly before Mr. Roosevelt made his speech, he received from Prime Minister Ivanhoe Bonomi of Italy, Columbus Day greetings, stating that ties between "the new Italy" and this country were "cemented and reinforced by the blood shed together against a common enemy." To Talk Tonight Mr, Roosevelt will talk again briefly tonight in accepting n four- freedoms award from the Italian- American Labor Council. The award will be presented at a dinner in New York by Luigi Antonini, president of the council, and Mr. Roosevelt will accept by radio from Washington. Attorney General Francis BIddle will be the principal speaker at the dinner. Mr. Roosevelt's remarks, part of a program beginning at 5-.15 (P. \V. T.) will go on the air at 5:25. The broadcast will be carried by Mutual and possibly other networks. Mr. Roosevelt will speak for only four or five minutes, according to the \Vhite House. Powerful Allied Air Fleets Hit Germany LONDON, Oct. 12. (UR)—Powerful fleets of American and British heavy bomberH teamed up for a daylight Btrike at Nazi aircraft and synthetic oil plants in northeastern Germany from Bremen to the Ruhr valley today, following a night attack on Berlin by R. A F. Mosquito raiders. Up to 750 United States Eighth Air Force Flying Fortresses and Liberators, covered by a strong fighter escort, spearheaded tho attack, bombing an aircraft component factory In Bremen and other unidentified targets in the northwestern Reich. The R. A. F.'s glunt Lancaster and Halifax bombers in undisclosed strength attacked a group of synthetic oil plants at \Vunne-Elckel, northwest of Bochum. One R. A. F. Mosquito bomber was lost in the night raid on Berlin,and other enemy targets in western Germany. Other British Luncusterft and fighters were on the attack over northern Holland today, bombing enemy gun positions near Breskens. FLY-BV-MGHT MODESTO, Oct. 12. CW— Police are literally up in the air about a burglary. During the^ night a thief opened the municipal hangar and flew away with a $4600 monoplane belonging to Harold Hilton, Modesto businessman. 20 PAGES No. 63 b^ta^^^KB^^^^^^^^^^^^^^B^h^^^^M^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^•^P^^^^^^ Moscow Bulgaria Armistice, Polish Effort Seen as Conference Results By M. S. HANDLER MOSCOW, Oct. 12. OJ.E) First fruits of the Stalin- American Shock Troops Drive Into Rothe-Erde Factory District; Planes Blast Path for Infantry; Reinforcement Attempt Smashed TE ALLIED ARY FORCES, PARIS, Oct. 12. (UP)—The American First Army stormed burning Aachen today, overran two industrial districts in a push toward the dominating Observatory Hill, Churchill conferences became and beat down desperate efforts by one of Adolf Hitler's finest evident today with a series divisions to pry open a relief corridor to the city. Covered by of diplomatic developments dive bombers and artillery, — which included an eleventh-! United States shock hour effort to achieve a Polish slugged through the settlement, the apparently imminent capitulation of Hungary, and the acceptance by Bulgaria of preliminary armistice terms. There was no doubt here that it was more than a coincidence that these developments followed almost immediately upon the arrival of Prime Minister Winston Churchill ~ --- L -- •-•-• - JJM- -_. _____ -- • - - [ _ ^_T _ • _ ^^— ^^_^^^^_^-_^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^J TITO GOES TO RUSSIA LONDON, Oct. 12. Iff)— Marshal Tito, commander of Yugoslavia's fighting forces, has left his country for Moscow to participate in the conferences between Premier Marshal Stalin and Prime Minister Churchill, the Marseille radio reported today. and his initial conference with Mar- shnl Josef Stalin. It was believed other developments of equal or greater significance will follow shortly. Churchill and his party were received in an atmosphere of unprecedented Anglo-Russian cordiality In which were seen important sjgna for success of the negotiations. Polinh Premier Arrives Premier Stanislaw Mikolajczyk and a group of colleagues of the London Polish government arrived by plane to participate in an eleventh hour attempt to solve the thorny Polish problem. The importance of Stalin's acceptance of a banquet invitation at the British embassy last nigh was difficult to over-emphasize. This gesture without precedent in Moscow and its significance was increased by the fact that Stalin has made virtually no public appearances since the war. 1. Acceptance by the Bulgarians of preliminary armistice terms to be administered by an Anglo-American- Russian group under a Soviet chairman. 2. Arrival of a London Polish delegation headed by Premier Stanislaw Mikolaczyk and a Lublin Polish delegation headed by its president, Edward Osuba Morawski, for conferences to solve the difficult Polish problem. 3. Hungarian developments described here us the "Imminent capitulation of Hungary." U. S. Represented It was stressed in Moscow that while the United States is not a direct party to the negotiations, Ambassador W. Averill Harrlman is acting as President Roosevelt's personal representative and IH both fully informed and consulted on all matters except those of exclusive Soviet-British interest. The diplomatic developments in the Balkans and eastern Europe were merely one phase of the discussions, which also are laying emphasis on the final phase of Joint Allied operations for the storming of fortress Germany. The Soviet Union still is uncom- t'o.iUnued on Pa«? T\vn troops Roete- Erde factory district and the Schlachthof (slaughterhouse) area and pressed on against the observatory height which coin- innnds the entire city. Lieiitenanl-Geuenil Courtney II. Hodges' headquarters reported that the air, artillery and infantry onslaught was designed to drive out or exterminate the German garrison and capture the city rather than destroy It. United Press Correspondent Jack Prankish in a dtapatch from First Army headquarters said the Nazi command had thrown one of its crack divisions—no misfits and aged, but first-class fighting men—into a heavy but futile counterattack northeast of Aachen. Supreme headquarters announced that southeast of Aachen the Yanks captured the village of Vossenack, in the Hurtgen forest 8 miles Inside Germany, and turned back a counterattack against it. Hold Vossenack Front dispatches said the Americans held firmly to Germenter, near Vosaenack, but gave up some ground to a counterblow in a neighboring sector today. Thunderbolts and "Lightnings dive- bombed and gunned fortified villages on the edge of Aachen, as well as dug-ln tanks guarding roads in the outskirts. One formation hit a group, of 15 tanks surrounded by earthworks In northeast Aachen. Heavy fighting was reported In the streets of Haaren and around Warselen, the anchor posts of the two jaws of the United States pincers clamped on Aachen. Oain at Kpiiml The American Seventh and French armies scored local gains in the rugged terrain northeast of lOpimil and east of Remiremont on the approaches to the Belfort Crap. In the northern tip of Belgium, the Canadian First Army reinforced its Schedle estuary bridgehead, while Allied bombers pounded German batteries near Knocke on the Belgian coast. The Xazis were employing a now type of rocket which emitted a whistling noise rather than the shrill ncream of those previously employed. Among prisoners captured today was a German lieutenant-colonel whose battalion had been wiped out In the past few duya. He was captured as he tried to escape with a party of seven men, all of whom were killed by American fire. Gentian prisoners belie veil the X.-m garrison commander in Aachen was determined to hold out to the last. The storming of Aachen began after massed siege guns and swarms of dive bombers sent tons of explosives into the strongholds of the city garrison which had ignored a surrender-or-dlc ultimatum. Flight after flight of alternating Lightnings and Thunderbolts bombed and gunned the German positions ahead of tho advancing Infantry, and Continued on Page Two Spooks Enter Hollywood Suit to Recover Man's Estate HOLLYWOOD, Oct. 12. (UP.) — Three spooks, including an Invisible Indian who bounced up and down In it big leuther r.huir until his presence was detected, today entered the suit of Arthur T. MacDonald and his e*wifo to recover the $70,000 estate their son left to Mrs. Shannon H, Carter, whom he believed was his wife In another life, Mrs. Bernice Stevens, an acquaint- unco, testified that Mrs. Carter had told her of the invisible Indian who came to visit her and bounced up and down on a. chair until his presence was detected. Mrs. Carter, a pretty, 34-year-old realtor, asserted medium and "spiritual bride" of the late Eugene H. MacDonald who was killed in a hunt- Ing accident last January 16, denied on the witness eland that she practiced occultism. Mrs. Stevens also told the court of an invisible monk whk-h Mrs, Carter said stood guard over the crib of her little daughter while the defendant's grandfatherotten dropped in for chats, generally about real estate deals. Mrs. Carter told her. the witness testified, that she and MucDnnald had been married in a previous existence and that he had caused her to be thrown from a horse und killed, alonff with her unborn child, Despite the fact that she was married to another in this world, Mrs. Carter claimed that she and MacDonald were bound together by a silver cord, Mrs. Stevens related. MacDonald, a war plant machinist who left his wife and went to live with the Carters, bequeathed his estate to Mrs. Carter to right the wrong he had done her in their previous existence, his parents contended. Mrs. Carter said he left her the money because of the kindness she and her husband hail shown him after he came to live with them. MacDonald was killed in a hunting accident when his gun accidentally discharged as he was putting it in his car, blowing the top off his head. Mrs. Carter denied from the witness stand that she had loaded the gun or influenced him to buy it. ALBANIANS CLEAR PORT NAZIS GUNS, STORES CAPTURED ALLIES IN SARANDE ROME, Oct. 12. UP>—Albanian Partisans have cleared German troops from Gjashdle, 2 mllCfl Inland from Sarunde (Porto Edda), Albanian port opposite Corfu, Which British Invaders captured yesterday, an Allied communique announced today. Move than €00 prisoners were taken in the area by th* land forces of the Adriatic. Gjashdle. which wa« mopped up before noon yesterday, fell to Partiaani who turned a captured artillery piece on the Germans. Many Germans w«re killed. Allied headquarters said that a considerable quantity of guns and stores were captured in the Sarande area. The list included 24 Pounds, Italian 77 millimeter Howitzers, German 20 millimeter antiaircraft guns. staff cars, small arms, much oil and miscellaneous equipment. The British destroyers Belvoir and Wilton and two armed landing crafts aided troop operations on the Albanian coast by bombarding enemy batteries October 9, naval headquarters announced. An enemy craft was captured. Other British naval vessels meanwhile have been battering harbor installations and shipping in the Aegean to hamper German with drawals. British carrier aircraft attacked installations at Porto Largo on Leros October 10. Predict Wage Ruling to Stay Unchanged WASHINGTON, Oc. 12. <£>—An official in the first circle of administration advisers said today the Little Steel formula would be held where it is until victory in Europe or at least until military experts can safely name that day. This is not considered as of today to be a pre-election possibility. Disclosure of what amounts to settled policy came as the result of a request for comment on yesetrday'8 "War Labor Board decision to omit recommendations from the forthcoming WLB report on wages and living costs. Index to Advertisers Page Abrums. Dr. R. F „.—«... 4 Arvin Theater .-..-.—14 A&l 1 Stores 13 Austin Studio — 4 Bakers. Community Theater 14 Big- Barn Dance 14 Booth's 2 Brink's 2, 3, 10 California AVater Service 4 Citizens Laundry - 15 Coffee, Harry ~...2, 15 Consumer's Moat Co 12 CulKioii, John W 15 Kuatern ~ 11 Kilwurds, Dr. K. P 2 Klickinger-Digier 19 Fn.ul City ....13 Kux Theaters 14 Ciranada Theater 14 Ivors Furniture L5 KKKN 16 IvPMC » » 15, 16 Lawson's S Lim. T 15 Long:, Dr. S. C 4 Mar-Vo-Aid - ~ 4 McMahan's 4 Mooney's Market Spot « 13 Montgomery Ward 4 Nile : 14 Owen's Store ._ 2 Owl Drug Store —. ...—.-. .5 Phillips Music Co... Klalto Theater «, River Theater Sears Roebuck „.., «—„.„. 14 6, 7 Smith's FarmerR Market...,««,..,12 Tornados ............... ,_ Union Cemetery 0, U, S. Employment Service—„„ 4 Victory Shoo Shop »™—14 Virginia Theater ; ~««™«,.,..„!4 Weill's 8, 10 Whelden'8 Market , 12 - h

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