Wednesday, October N, 1944 Cbitorial JJage of Cf)t IniUcrsficlb Californian ALFRED H A R R E L L CDITOR AND PUBLISHER Kntered In post office at TlakeifCloiil, ratifm r,ut. na sncorul chi«» mail un.icr iho ;u! i,f iVi'.mTSH Mi.r, li 3. IST'l. MEMBER OF TUB ASSOC1ATKD I'KKSS The Associated J'lc^s if OM lusucly cntlll,,) to 1)1" us<> I'-r pub tion of all news diK|»alrli?s <-rc<liir<l to i! nr n.jl i.lln-rwiso cn'i in this paper. Hiid (I|HO the l"<-;il news; |>ubli.«],cil tlu-rfin. The Bakersficlil Cnlifoinlnn Is nlsn n I'lu-ni «l ili» United J'rc-ss and receives its c(impkto wirn .-=tM-VM r. REPRESENTATIVES \\ pH',-IIolii1uv On., Inc. Ken* Toik, fhi< ai^o, S«n I'ranris<n, l,oa Anno i^PatlK. roitl'iml. i.'emer WASHINGTON. IV C. VU'KKAl.* The liuskin Smirp, W-.iNliiiiislon. I'. C. By r.irrif-r or mail t in mK:in<Y>l in pnM:il znnrs oiu>, Inn. Ihn'o, per month, t.""-; Hv iTvmih.i, ?;, 1 n ; on" ymr, f'J.U'i. l.'y Mini in • postal zones lour to riphi, p--r nmiilh. JI.n.'i. FISH AND FOWL FIRST liiglit-r-ups when (lie defense of that country shall have crumbled, but whether such plans are a success or a failure, civilization wjll continue to rid itself of whatever reminds it of (he Germany of now and its cruel regime. Tke War I D cspirr; the definite agreement between the Central Valley Project advocates and the "War Production Hoard, it is obvious that bureaucracy is interfering in a manner that will cause further procrastination in beginning an enterprise essential to increasing the food production of a great agricultural area. Originally the agreement to approve the excavation construction on the Kcrn-Frianl canal carried a paragraph to this effect: "As to your (\YFA) request and as instructed by the chairman of the War Production Board, upon receipt of an application signed by the Commissioner of Reclamation, approved by the Secretary of the Interior and certified as essential to the war food program by the War Food Administrator, we will grant authority to initiate construction of the Frianl-Kern Canal Project of California to the extent of permitting the excavation of the canal." That is clear and definite but wlial happened thereafter is confusing and discouraging. Mr. Krug, the new chairman, advised that they are now to give a "careful study" to over-all national construction requirements and that they believe it advisable to postpone a final decision on the Frianl-Kern project until this new survey is completed. And that is what bureaucratic government is doing to a great enterprise, the value of which is apparent to informed people here in California and elsewhere in the nation. Latest proposed "draft" says "the Secretary of the Interior shall, with respect to the Central Valley Water Project, make findings on just what part of the estimated cost of the project can properly be allocated to navigation and Hood control, what part of the estimated cost of the project can properly be allocated to the preservation and propagation of fish and wild fowl, the part of the estimated cost of the project which can be properly allocated to salinity control, the part of the estimated cost of the project which can properly be allocated to recreation and the part of the estimated cost of the project which can properly be allocated to increased costs by reason of wartime construction." So the long continued efforts of Congressman Elliott, and the Central Valley Project Association, and of others with understanding, may come to naught, at least until such time as Mr. Ickes can determine the points enumerated. Government by the people and for the people appears to have flown out of the window; instead we have a new proposal advanced which takes into consideration even-thing except that of food production which, it is certain, is the most important argument for construction of the canal and which was agreed to by our representative in Congress, the Project Association and by "all who understand the value to the state and to the nation of what is now California's most essential enterprise, the conservation of the waters of the San Joaquin River for the purpose of making productive a vast area of arid lands. But can this be measured against the protection of fish and wild life and recreation grounds? It may be that a new "survey" will supply the answer. CONDEMNATION EMPHASIZED H ow widespread is the resentment against Germany and its activities during the present war is disclosed from day to day. One incident cmphasi/ing that feeling occurs in the town of Berlin, Oregon. It has changed its name by will of the people there and October 20 is fixed as the date for the rechris-iening. At that time what was once Berlin will become officially Distomo. The reader will recall that in Greece there was a town by that name. October 28 will mark the fourth year since it was destroyed, not only destroyed but 1100 men, women and children made victims of Nazi brutality. The action of the people of the small town in Oregon is timely in that it serves to again direct attention to the manner in which the Nazis have carried on their warfare in the countries they have invaded. The excuse for the butcheries in Distomo was that a regiment of German soldiers was attacked by some guerrilla fighters. It isn't the record that the attackers were hunted down, but cruel revenge was visited upon those who bad no part in the incident. We readily believe these days reports of the plans made for the escape^ of the Nazi PRICE OF EXISTENCE T COST every California taxpayer about twice as much money to maintain his stains as a slate and national citizen this year as it did the year before. For the 191I5- 15M1 period, all (axes collected in California, including the Federal, totaled $1,155,000,000, or approximately double the amount paid for 11)12-1!) i:5. Actually since UWI-1910 the taxes have quadrupled. At a rale per individual the taxes for Ibis period amount to almost $500 for every citizen of California. Hack in 1!K57 the per capita tax for all imposts levied in this state was $1.'JO. Many of these taxes arc concealed, perhaps most of them, hut they are paid nevertheless. Food, shelter and clothing at one time used to require most of a man's income but now it is the cost of government that is distressing him and he wonders if the lime will come when he will no longer have enough income to pay for costs of government and the other three necessities. EDITOR'S NOTE—Until inch tlm« a* Ernie Hyle'« column Is resumed following hl» vacation, thla apace will be used for war feature *torles. By HAL BOYLE AsjtocUited Press Starr '.'nrresponoVnt WITH AMERICAN TROOPS IN rJEH.MAXV, Oct. -I. (Delayed).— Doughboys of tho famous Fighting Ninth Infantry Division arc peeved because they have fought in six countries ami on two continents without hitting a town largo enough for them to relax in and raise.a little whoopee. "We have never been in a town of any sixe In French Morocco, Tunisia. Sicily, England, France, Belgium or Germany," said (.'aptain Llndspy Nelson of Columbia. Tenn., who remarks a little sourly that the boys plan to call the history of their outfit "Through Back Alloys of With the Ninth Division." posite direction, toward Cherbourg. Just as we reached the western side of the town, they turned us around and told us to go out and clean up the rest of the peninsula. HEI.fill M MEETS SUING Uy HAL BOYLE SPA, I'.elgium, Oct. 1. (Delayed) (IP) —American swing music rattled the remaining ramparts of the Siegfried Line today to the delight of Belgian jitterbugs who only a few weeks ago were, watching convalescent German soldiers "hell" each oth"r in this world famous watering place. In this granddaddy of all health resorts—this is the original from Europe whl^h !>1! "spas" have sprung—the American First Army band gave a bolstering""ills case, Nelson said mixed concert of martial, classic and when ills "country division" finally got to Vervier.s, a medium-sized Bel- hot dance tunes that had generations of Belgians by three their gin n town, three liaison officers got ears. lost because they had forgotten how It was given in the casino not far to get around in a city, and nobody from the Hotel Britannique which slept much because they weren't used to bright lights. One street light was burning! "We always just miss the big towns or go between them," he said was the German Army's headquarters in 1!)18: there Ludendorff resigned and the Kaiser began his flight to Doom, Holland. Tho band was an hour late and "JAYPEES" T HHOI (,ii the use of jet-propelled airplanes with pressurized cabins for flight in the stratosphere, we will one day travel to Europe at the rate of 000 miles an hour, and the day for this experience is not long distant, according to Cleofl'rey Smith, English aviation maga/ine editor and authority on what the British call "jaypees," meaning jet- propelled planes. The gasoline turbine of the jet plane, according to Mr. Smith, will revolutionize all types of aircraft, eliminating the use of propellers and because the engine can be tailor-made to suit the design of the plane, .let engines arc half the si/.e of the internal combustion type and far lighter in weight and they are much easier to build and cheaper, too, with no reciprocating parts to wear out in use. NEED CHINA SEAPORT T norciii China may feel hurl over the small amount of supplies furnished her by the United Slates, the solution to the diflicully is more than a matter of good intentions and materials. Even if the United Stales had all the munitions China needed the truth is that they could not be made available to the Chinese at this time, for we have no adequate transport. War munitions going lo the Chinese now are shipped by air. Every school child knows thai a transport plane Hying in to China must carry the gasoline for its return trip to a Burma base. The same is true of the old Burma Road and the same will be true when Ihe Burma Road is returned lo use— automobile trucks must carry in their own "return gas" as well as materials for the Chinese. This means for both planes and lorries that the loads are not very large. Unless the Allies establish a Chinese beachhead and keep it open from Japanese attack, the supplies to China cannot be very large, no matter what our wishes in the matter are. RANDOM NOTES The United War Chest drive is on and we here in Bakersfield and Kern County have every reason to believe that it will be carried to a successful conclusion. All the factors that make for success arc emphasized here. First we have the cause. People know that the purpose of the revenue to be derived from this drive is for the benefit, in part, of our armed forces, both on the battle fronts and those who have been disabled and returned to their homes for one reason or another. Otherwise the fund created will be utilized by authorized local agencies. Because the purpose is understood public sentiment is interested in the work to be accom- ! plished and Ihe spirit that manifests itself | will be a very real aid in achieving victory. But of great importance, loo, is organization i and we had definite proof on Monday | evening that a worth-while one has been i created here in the city and ils environs. The gathering at a scheduled dinner was attended by scores of workers tilled with enthusiasm, as they approach the activity that has their support. Over all there is goot leadership, and active captains have been chosen in each locality in the area named They with their assistants are pledged to thoroughly canvass the community and every resident will be given the opportunit> to subscribe to the fund. When that detail work is accomplished we shall have a generous response from the people. The cause, then, the spirit of the people and the organization will not fail in this drive to achieve, as have others in the past an outstanding success. We shall sec lha chapter written into the line record the community has made in similar campaigns oefully. ""The only one we got to when the concert started the great was fairly large in Africa was hail was packed with natives, many ixerto—and there were only three iiildings and one civilian left stand- ig in it. It was a complete wreck. "Other divisions after the end of of whom had journeyed miles to hear their first authentic American jam session. They listened attentively and African campaign went back to clapped politely as Warrant Officer ivouai-s near Oran or Algiers, but Klwood Shipe. a former Lancaster, 10v sent us to Magenta, 50 kilom- Pa., trumpet player, led the troop From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The I'alUurniati. thin date. 1934) L. G. (Okie) Taggart will head Private Harold Brown Post, Veterans of Foreign Wars, as commander during the coming year. Prizes totaling $255 will be given in connection with Kern County Cotton Picking contest in Buttonwillow tomorrow, it was announced by Ed A. Murdoch, chairman of Bakersfield Exchange Club committee in charge teninc — (By PAUL MALLON) ike News of the event. Four college presidents are in- eluded on the year's program for A. A. U. W. They include Dr. Robert Sproule, Dr. T. W. MacQuarrle, Dr. Rensen Bird and Dr. Tully Knowles. Howard Rowland is editor of publications for Bakersfield Junior College. Alfred Mlrovitch, in Bakersfield today to give a concert, spoke informally to n group of friends this afternoon. He said he believes America needs more culture. >rs due south of Sidi Uel Abbles in • direction of the Sahara desert. li He) Abbes was full of fleas, flies, gs and Arabs, and there weren't y souvenirs to buy, and all you uld do was walk around until you t sunstroke, or sit. in a cafe and ink beer that was 99 per cent Her. "Then we went to Sicily. The Brit- i on our left flank and tho Ameri- ns on our right headed for M earn — a real city — but we only got as r as llandaz/o. H looked like Birte with an Italian accent. Noth- g was left in one piece. "When we finished in Sicily, the •itish boys got to go to Catania, d some of the American units to ilermo. Wo drew Cefalu— a village th one cathedral, no bars, no pic- re shows, no nothing. Did you ever ok at a cathedral for 10 straight eeks? "In England it was the same old ory. We thought they'd drop us in e center of London as reward, but e got stationed at a former British riny camp in southern England, a ilf-hour's drive from the nearest llage and 30 minutes by foot from e nearest bar. Life there consisted sitting in wooden barracks and •ftening to the rain. "We came to France and we ought sure we'd get a pocketful of aris. But they started us in the op- band through a series of marches and classical numbers. Then the band swung into "Stardust" and "In the Mood" and the whole audience went mad. They jumped up and down and clapped wildly, and when one man with a handlebar mustache up In the gallery shouted "vivent les Amerl- cains." the entire throng began cheering as if each had been handed a winning ticket on the Irish sweepstakes. "Now you will hear some real American swing." the interpreter announced and the crowd broke out cheering again at the best known musical sextet along the battlefront took over. Every Belgian in the building had one foot tapping while the sextet hammered, yowled, swung and blew Its way through "Crazy Rhythm" "Exactly Like You" and a couple of encores, including an original tune by Di Nicola, "Annie's'Cousin Fannie." The concert was concluded with the Belgian national anthem and 'the "Star Spangled Banner." It will take the Germans three more wars to wipe swing music out of this corner of Belgium. One soldier was heart! to say to his buddy as they filed out of the casino. "Ain't it hell to be a wallflower in two languages?" Vv asjkiiigiom O o 1 u IB. n — — ^— — — • • ( la y i n. i iij It was Teddy Roosevelt or some- xly o£ that era who guve the name C "Tho Lunatic Fringe" to the ariegated hangers-on who eon- untly clutter the political scene in inority parties and movements, his year's disclosures by Senate id House campaign investigating jinmittees and by the Uies Coni- littee reveal that in the current jlitical campaign the lunatic fringe more flourishing than it has ever eon before. Not that any of the stlrrer-uppers tiled in for questioning have been inaties. Far from it. Individually ley are smart operators, subtle in leir approach, convinced of their wn rightness, certain that they lone have the one particular brand f 100-proof Americanism that will ive the country from whatever ails Lump all these self-appointed aiders together, however, and they ill constitute political trimmings lat can best be classified by the eneric term of the lunatic fringe on ic tapestry of American life. This lunatic fringe is changed •om one guadrennium to the next. ince tho first World War there ave been the Prohibitionists, the -iberty Leaguers, the Townsendltes, he Coughlinites, the various flap- ing wings of the Socialist party, le American Labor party, the 'armer-Laborites, the Progressives, w American Firsters and the Com- lunists. But this year's parade beats nything seen yet. Three years out of four, many of hese outfits are among the large umber of things that 99 per cent t' the people pay no attention to. "dine U'npycnr and election year, owever, and^ they somehow get lagnil'ied out* of all proportion to heir real unimportance. The Dies Committee, after saying or a week that over SO per cent of he members of Sidney Hillman's National Citizen's Political Action "ommittee of 141 were affiliated 'ith Communist front organizations. iually comes up with a list of only S per cent, or 8^ nnmes, and of hi'se only one is listed as an out- ight member of the Communist >arty. He is Langston Hughes, of s'ew York, a poet. But the Dies report does name "."> rganizatloiis which it claims are Red front organizations. Included in them are a co-operative bookshop in Washington, the League of American Writers and a lot of other very bush leagues for this or that. Ano to this fringe there should of course be added the score of shirt leaders and bundists rounded up for the sedition trial in Washington. The house committee investigating campaign expenditures has jusl done such a job of exposing Geralc L. K. Smith and his American Firsi party that this combination should never be heard from again. Similarly, the committee has held up to the light Dr. Edward A. Rumley am his Committee for Constitutional Government and Joseph P. Kamp and his Constitutional Education League. There will be others. The Senate campaign expenditures committee, seeking to find out just how much a presidential election costs, where the money comes from and where it goes, will have its probes dissecting all manner of political parasites. For the great penchant of the American with a pet theory on what's wrong with the country is to join some organization to fix it. Anc if he can't find a. cause that will fit his own ideas he will start a movement of his own. This is a country of free speech — the freest in the world, and it is any citizen's constitutional right to be his own white knight in chromium armor, mounting his hobby horse and riding off in all directions to tilt his tonsils against the windmills. But corral all these Don Quixotes in one concentration camp and you still wouldn't have more than 10 or l. r > per cent of the population. Why, then, do we get so excited abou them? All this vigilance isn't wasted Hitler and Mussolini were minorities at one time, too, and look what had to be done to put them in thoir places. Checking upon on the crackpot minorities is all right, just as long as it doesn't develop into a witch hunt that curbs free speech and just as long as so much attention isn't given to catching the little fellows that the big boys in the two major parties get away with political murder. - — • Quaestions and. Answers Q. AVhy was so much time allowed I'twi'on the presidential election and nauguration'.' — K. L. T. A. The interval of four months vus provided because ot slowness of ravel In the early days. One month vas allowed for election returns to •onie in. one month for a messenger o notify the successful candidate. \nother month enabled the Presi- icnt-elect to put his affairs in order, ind finally n fourth month gavo him ime to reach the national capital. Q. What is done with the automobile use stamp when the car is sold?— F. R. W. A. The automobile use tax stump should not be removed from the automobile. It should be transform with the car. The identification of the automobile with the license number of car should appear on the bac of the stamp. When a car is so d arrangements for the cost of the stamp may be made between the buyer and seller. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Cullfornian, tills date. 1924) Headline: Two Hundred Million Dollar German Loan Negotiation Has Been Completed. Miss Clara Morgan was re-elected treasurer of California Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs at a state convention opening here last night. Mrs. Walter Jaynes and Mrs. A. H. Johnson were hostesses Thursday at an afternoon of needlework at the Jaynes home, 803 Flower treet. Arthur S. Crites and Mrs. Crites vere accompanied south today by ,ester Petrie of Honolulu. Mr. Crites vlll be honor guest Monday at a anquet of Masons at Hotel Ambas- ador. He is grand master of Masons or the state. One thousand bales of cotton have jeen ginned this year at the Wasco gin operated by Fowler & Carmac. THRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date, 1914) Eastern Star members surprised Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Baker at their jretty new home on Baker street ast night. Mrs. John Osgood was hostess at , luncheon today. Mrs. Stoddard of Los Angeles poke on children's playground and Harmonia Club provided a musical irogram when Woman's Club met Monday. The quick wit of M/s. Francis Waas got rid of an intruder yester- lay. Noticing him prowling around ler house as a passenger train approached she gave him a note with he request that he give it to the conductor. The letter expressed her 'ear of the intruder and requested the train official to transport him to Taft, which was done. For a fund to finance gifts at Christmas time to children saddened by the world war, Jo P. Carroll has collected $24.50. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Calil'ornian, this date. 1904) Headlines: Bloody Battle Waged by Contending Forces. Japanese Fiercely Attack Advancing Russians •ind Force General Kuropatkin. Japanese Loose Ships. Editorial Note: Senator Emmons is positive that his plan of obtaining state aid for construction of a levee to protect Bakersfield from flood water is entirely feasible. A mass meeting will be held at Scribner's opera house in the interest of unionism tonight. Union cards are now bein£ displayed in the New Oil Exchange saloon and in the barroom at Occidental hotel. Seven hundred people attended dedication of A. O. U. W. hall on Nineteenth street last nigh. WASHINGTON, Oct. 11.—Death swerved the future course of politics in this country when it cut Wendell Willkie down. He was headed toward eventual leadership of a third party, or at least a third political movement, representing the leftwing in international affairs. His influence in the Republican party had been superseded largely by coming of the Dewey regime, representing International practicalism. No matter what the result of the coming election, Dewey has taken over the party, and will lead It, it not the nation, toward that postwar purpose. Wlilkie hated the New Deal and its ways, and since his defeat four years ago had tended more and more to become spokesman for what might be called at best, the New- York literati, with extreme views on internationalism. That group now has lost its most respected, if not its only ponent. The administration itself Is veering toward practicalism, a trend which will be maintained as long as State Secretary Hull is an influence. The only other deflection from the Dewey leadership among the Republicans has been Minnesota's Senator Ball, whose associates, the Stassen people, have isolated him to a minority of one. Thus the prospect that this comparatively young man, Mr. Willkie, would rally increasingly strong in di rection of the idealistic school ot international thought, is eliminated. (Coincidently, some of Mr. WUlkle's more ardent supporters have complained against my early and consistent challenges to the logic of his international position, saying I was attacking Willkie. He never thought so. We were friends.) The practicalism trend toward powerful, political pro- postwar is evident also behind the speeches now being promoted by the foreign policy association. Last Sat urday Dr. James Bryant Conant president of Harvard, acknowledged the differences In temperament and places of nations in advocating an international organization plus dis armament of Germany and Japan. He rejected proposals to dismember Germany, to finance Industrial reconstruction with our money again, or to cut them off from their nduslrles—radical ventures all. He would prevent them forever from making planes thus to keep them disarmed. In wandering among these details, pro or con, current thought is proceeding down to bedrock. The world peace problem is not to keep our. current enemies subservient, but to keep them from armaments. Indeed' It Is more than that, to keep all nations from gathering or using armaments for war. It involves not only Germany and Japan but Russia, Britain, China and ourselves. This war was not brought on particularly by "armaments." Indeed we had some ourselves. It was made possible by secret armaments beyond our knowledge and control. Behind pacts pledging disarmament, both Japan and Germany rose secretly to war might. To meet this problem In tho future, an International armament inspection committee would seem to be as important a peace need as the international organization everyone is advocating. The possibility of secret armament should be eliminated, an uncontrollable international committee should have the right to inspect not only ours, but Russia's, and should make constant public reports. They should have access to plants, being prohibited only from exposing business .secrets and purely nonmilitary processes. Then all would know the realities of peace and war prospects. If we could get Russia to open up and consent to this one step (the armaments of Britain and the United States are fairly well known In view of public appropriations and required public reports) Germany and Japan could be well managed under the same open rules, and some confidence fot future peace might be established in sourfd ground. The hand of the great Imponderable is moving above the plans of (World copjtiBht. 1044, to King Features Syndicate. Inc. All rldhts reserved. Reproduction in full or in B«rt itrlctly prohibited.) Hollywood Coium.n -(By LOKBTTA YOUNG)(Pinch-Hitting lor Erskiiie Johnson) FIFTY YEARS AGO (Tlie Californian. this date, 1894) Chinese troops in the oriental war are reported to be badly armed and drilled. The circus which is coming to town is said to be accompanied by bunco sharks and thieves who are looting the towns visited. Comment: Will the gentleman who borrowed a state directory from The Californian office kindly return the same? The Hunt brothers have bought up -.nany of the vineyards in Rosedale. Judge F. W. Craig has gone to Kernville on an electioneering tour. The schoolhouse in the Palm district will be completed in two weeks. At the risk of joining such loquacious company as Bob Burns and his "Uncle Fud," I'm about to by-line an interview with my sister. Sally. Sally left Hollywood 18 months ago to Uve in Mexico City after only 12 Spanish lessons! She came home this week for a month's visit with the family—and to study some more Spanish! Seriously, It's script study—for she is preparing to make her first Important appearance In a Mexican production—"La Perla Negra" (The Black Pearl). This, mind you, Is Sally Blane (Mrs. Norman Foster) who extolled us all a few years ago with her decision to retire from the screen to become a charming wife and mother. I don't deny that she Is both—her husband worships her and her daughter Is a lovely young lady of 8, fluent in both the English and Spanish languages. But this career business—after all the things she said. "Well, you know how it Is, Loretta," she tells me now, with unbelievable self-effacement. "They needed a real California girl for the role in this picture . . . and well . . . I was the nearest one to the scene." "La Perla Negra" is to be produced by my really distinguished brother-in-law. Norman Foster, who Is Mexico's white-haired boy in the film industry. The story is his original screen play. The leading man is to be Mexico's great star, RIcardo Montalban. Norm's decision to grow with the Mexican film business started some years ago on a visit to that country. He fell so in love with it, he promised himself he'd return. He did—a little over two years ago, when his earnest hope was that Mexico's young and ambitious industry would permit him the oppor tunlty for an artistry which had been restricted In Hollywood. Sally says he has more than realized his dreams. "Mexico's film industry," she\ emphasizes, "is the greatest place In the world for the individualist. Unlike In Hollywood, where a film goes through many hands before it appears on the screen, the director alone is responsible for what goes on the screen in Mexico. "Ndrman supervises everything— writes, directs, cuts, edits—yes, and the budget. He has a keen 'simpat- ica' with the Mexican people. His pictures have won great favor and earned him the reputation of being one of the three top-flight directors in the industry. "Dolores Del Rio is beautiful— more beautiful than ever! Yes, It's true. She suffered many disappointments in pursuing an acting career when she arrived from Hollywood. Her society friends tried to discourage her. It is still almost disgraceful for a woman to work tn pictures in Mexico. "However, Dolores seems to have neutralized the curse by the fact she originally became famous In the United States and returned to Mexico City only to pursue her career. Thus she gracefully maintains both her social and career position." Sally believes there is a tremendous field for writers In Mexico today. "Anyone," she says, "who can understand dialogue and plot and absorb the psychology of the Mexican people, can make a fortune writing for films there." Sally's, role will call for her to rehearse for three weeks when she returns to Mexico the end of October. "I'll never do it again," she says. Copyright, 1944, NEA Service, Inc. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY He judged the cause of the potfr and needy; then it was well with him: was not thin to know Met saith the Lord. — Jeremiah 22:16. • * * « The greatest man In history was the poorest.—Emerson. Xke Readers 9 Point it of View Q. What Japanese territory is nearest to the United States? — P. L. P. A. The nearest Japanese territory is un island of the Kurlle group just south of Cape Lopatka in Siberia. Q. Are the markings on the wings of Insects blood vessels?—S. S. R. A. The wings contain a framework of minute veins. They are not blood vessels but serve only to give rigidity to the wings, Q. How large is a Quonsett hut? —M. C. M. A. The size of these huts Is 20x50 feet. -TJhey are used chief!v us hospitals arid for recreational purposes. Q. How much coal Is Jiseded to produce one barrel of gasoline?— N. 1. A. A. One-eighth of a ton of coal. Q. When did the single chevron come into use to designate a private first class?—M. A. B, A. The War Department says the single chevron has been used since 1W17. From 1917 tu 1926 it was used for a lance corporal. In December, 1926, Army Regulations 600-35 authorized Its use to designate a private first class. Q. What kind of an award is the Winnie?—R. E G. A. Winnie is the" name of the bronze figure sculptured by Malvina Hoffman which was given In 1943 as a fashion award for American designers. A reader cnn Ret the answer to unv Question of fart by wi-itins The HtkemfitUT ratiroraiaa Infill ma I lun Jlureau. 31/1 Kyi' street. N. K.. —Washington. «. li. c. i'lcasu enclose three (31 cejittt fur reply. REPUBLICANS ON DE-FENSE Editor The Californian: Compare these facts with the Dewey-Republican campaign of who was better equipped to foretell World War II. In 1939 Republicans In the House of Representatives voted 122 to C to cut the Army Air Force. In 1939 Republicans in the House voted 138 to 5 against spending five million dollars on Guam harbor defenses. Republican opposition was responsible for passage of peace time conscription bill by only one vote. In August of 1941 House Republicans voted against extension of service of drafted men. In August of 1941 seven Republican Mouse committeemen declared "facts do not warrant a declaration of national emergency" as asked for by President Roosevelt and General Marshall. At the time of the Nazi air assault against England, House Republicans voted 135 to 24 against lend-lease. (Governor Dewey's comment about Lend-Lease bill was that "it is an attempt to abolish free government in the United States.") In the summer of 1941, House Republicans voted 122 to 25 against a program to mobilize industry for war and speed up production of armaments. Comment of President Roosevelt's plan to produce 50,000 planes a year by Governor Dewey was "Experts estimate it would take at least four years to accomplish this." For verification of above facts consult the congressional records. FACT-FINDER. FOR COMMON MAN Editor The Californian: My wife, son and I were running a dairy on Oak street when the war struck, had been in business for 22 years. My son was to be drafted. I wrote a letter to President Roosevelt explaining that If .my son had to go I would have to sell my COWB for whatever I could get and go out of, the dairy business as my wife and I were getting along i.i years. In just a few days a letter came stating that if I would get three p.ople to sign with me my boy would be exempted. I took the matter up with my son and he said he would feel better to go on with the boys. This he did, contracted ulcers of the stomach and is home again with a medical discharge and a pension. President Roosevelt looks after the common 'man. E. C. GOODMAN. 726 Crawford street. DISBURSING FORTUNE Editor The Callfornlar: Our President has been praised by many people for his generosity in disbursing and distributing the nation's wealth, to an end that no one can foresee the nation's wealth was bullded, not by the very rich or the very poor—"forgotten man" or privileged man, but by the free enterprise and free spirit of the middle class—the prudent, who always save a little out of whatever cornea. To build, amass or preserve a fortune is quite different than disbursing it. One who knew how it was made would have been less lavish in spending it. Who will build it again? ELIZABETH LADOW. FOOD AT FAIR Editor The Caltfornian: Everything was fine at the fair this year except for the fact that there was no fit food for children to eat while on the fairgrounds. Opposite the only stand where people could eat was a nutrition booth which showed what children should eat. Why didn't somebody serve that? something that resembled Myself and other mothers of my acquaintance want the nutrition committee of Kern county to see that next year a place or places are provided where parents can feed their children. MOTHER OP SIX DEPRESSION PRESIDENTS Editor The Californian: In answer to "A Voter" In September 29 issue of The Californian, wish to inform the correspondent that if he will check his own history he will find these facts to be absolutely correct. Thomas Jefferson was the first' Republican president and took office in 1801. The facts I am going to give you may be verified, If you like, by check-, ing the following records, namely: McMaster's History of the United States; Channing'a History of the United States; Mulhall's Dictionary of Statistics; the Report of the Committee on Finance, Fifty-second Congress, Second Session; Bureau of Statistics, Department' of Labor. The facts are as follows:' These Republican presidents had depressions during their administrations from one to four years each: Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Adams, Lincoln, Grant, Hayes, Arthur, Harrison, McKlnley, Theodore Roosevelt, Taft, Harding, Coolldge and Hoover. The grand total of years in office was 80 years with 39 years depression years. The following Democratic presidents had depressions during their terms in office from one to four years each: Andrew Jackson, Martin" Van Buren, Tyler, Buchanan, Johnson, Cleveland, Wilson. The grand total years In office was 46 years with 15 years depression years. These figures are up to and inclusive of 1932. Space does not permit or I could give you the years and actual months of rise and fall. So why don't you look it up for yourself? Then say that I am mixed up. So just from a pure percentage basis the American people are several percentage points better off to elect a Democratic president, than to elect a Republican. History proves that the Democrats give you a few more points of prosperity. Let's all go to the polls and vote and vote the way that we as. individuals think best. May the best man win. MORE COLD -LOGIC. Bakerstteld. September 30, 1844..
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