Hutchinson News Sunday, Oct. 10, 1971 Page 3 Hectares? Kilos? Liters? Better Learn These Metric Terms By WAYNE LEE News Associate Editor A farmer gazes at his hailed- out field of wheat, purses his lips and then drawls: "This patch is 30 hectares. If I make 700-liter to the hectare I'll be damn lucky." He isn't from another planet. He's a mathematically enlightened Kansan. And his day probably isn't far off, according to State Sealer John O'Neill, guardian of the weights and measures system for the Sunflower State. "It's kind of hard for us older people to accept this, but it looks >to me like it's on its way," O'Neill said. What seems to be on the way is the metric system for America. Land would be measured by the hectare (2.5 acres) and wheat by the liter (there are 35 liter in a bushel). A perfect Miss Kansas by today's 36-24-36 standards would be 91-60-91 and consumers would be buying meat by the kilo (2.2 pounds) and gas by the liter (1.1 quarts). And a weatherman who announced tonight's low at 20 degrees wouldn't be suggesting that a viewer get out the Iong- johns. Twenty degrees centigrade, a metric standard, is 68 degrees Fahrenheit today. Many More Changes And those are only a few of the changes. "It won't be easy in Kansas but the metric system has been legal here for a long time so I don't think it will have all that much trouble," said O'Neill. "But I have to admit I had hoped I'd be retired before we started into it. It's going to be a lot like the (daylight) time thing, I'm pretty sure. It's going to be confusing," said O'Neill, who became the state sealer in August of last year after 20 years with the department. His office is a part of the State Board of Agriculture. The state sealer's office has a low profile, but it has a vital function. It checks the net content of packages, propane gas meters, binder and baler twine and vehicle and small capacity scales for accuracy. It acts as the custodian for all state weights and treasures standards. The proposed changeover from the customary system to the metric system comes at an ironic time for Kansas. The state is one of only 10 in the union that is just now being drawn into the use of U.S. Bureau of Standards scales. The first standards for weights and measurements for the state arrived in 1869 at the University of Kansas. The duties were transferred to the Board of Agriculture in 1947. "The standards we have been using are really antique. We're just getting into this thing and we'll' be starting on the metric thing too. We'll have two sets of weights during the conversion," O'Neill said. The Agriculture Department lias rented an office at Topeka to use as a laboratory to work on the new standards. The metric system was made legal in the United States in 1877 and the Kansas Legislature legalized it sometime between then and 1900. But its widespread use has been repeatedly shoved aside in the belief that other nations might come to readily accept the U.S. system. All other major nations in the world are either converting to metric, or have already established it. Much Easier System Metric system proponents say it is a much easier system to use since it has a scientific basis and is computed in units of 10. They insist that while it may be uncomfortable in everyday use for some persons, it can be made easy for the average man by inexpensive conversion wheels. There is no guarantee that the plan will be put into force by Congress, however. George Washington was the first U.S. president to suggest a change in the weights and measures standards in this country. But the U.S. Commerce Department insists the metric system is one "whose time has come" and has set down a 10-year plan for conversion. O'Neill said he believes it will take more time than that for a transition in Kansas. "There are some third grade students who know more about the metric system than us old- timers. . . but I think Kansas will go along and be in step with the other states," he said. Some businesses in the state already are measuring both by the customary standards and the metric standards, according to O'Neill. Some packaged meats in grocery stores already show both. Plants in Kansas that ship products all over the world also show both measurements in specifications. At Ft. Riley, roads already are marked in miles and in kilometers. The signs went up recently, and are the only dual signs in the state. It is estimated that it would cost the entire nation between $10 billion and $40 billion a year to convert to the metric sys tern. O'Neill said he "couldn't even guess" what it would cost in Kansas. Commerce department spokesmen say that by 1975 the U.S. may be losing as much as $600 million a year in exports il it does not go metric. Much of the loss will be in the aircraft industry, it is reported, and the aircraft industry is an important segment of the Kansas economy. "I'm enthused about this to the point that I know it is going to be a lot of work and a real challenge. We all knew about 20 years ago that it was probably going to come to this, but like I said before I had hoped I would be retired before it did," O'Neill said. Fire Out of Control SANTA BARBARA, Calif, (AP) — Strong winds up to 30 miles per hour whipped a huge brushfire into rugged terrain today, and fire fighters gave up all hope of getting a line News Briefs • • • Finish Bridge LAKE HAVASU CITY, Ariz. (AP) — Workmen put the finishing touches on London Bridge Saturday for its dedication in its new Arizona home Sunday. The Lord Mayor of London, Sir Peter M. Studd, headed the 700-person guest list for a banquet Saturday night given in a huge red and white tent erected at the end of the 140-year-old structure. around the blaze by nightfall. Four men have died in the blaze, which has blackened over 5,800 acres since it began Wednesday south of Santa Barbara. Several expensive homes have been destroyed. The blaze was about 75 per cent surrounded, but was moving eastward out of control on a front about three miles long, a Forest Service spokesman said. He said there was "no hope" of containing the fire today. A force of 1,500 men are fighting the fire, with an additional 300 scheduled to be Discharge Wat er OMAHA, Neb. (AP) — The Army Corps of Engineers will continue to discharge large quantities of water from the Missouri River dams throughout October and November, Maj. Gen. J. W. Morris said Saturday. Few Visit Crave MOSCOW (AP) - There is no crush at Nikita Khrushchev's grave, no stream of admirers who plunge down the long alleys of Novodevichy Cemetery to the ragged hedge and dark brick wall at the far end where Khrushchev's successors decided he must lie. Formless in a slate-colored smock, an old woman at the gate handles inquiries with a wave of her arm. Punch Through Lines SAIGON (AP) - A tank-led column of 1,200 South Viet- n a m s e rangers punched through North Vietnamese lines Saturday and reached a belea- gured and battered artillery base in eastern Cambodia. Humanities Lectures in Hesston HESSTON - The National Humanities Series will present programs in Hesston Tuesday and Wednesday when A. D. Van Nostrand, professor of English at Brown University, Providence, R. I., speaks to several groups. The series is presented by the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation and funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities. At 7:30 p .m. Tuesday Van Nostrand will speak on "Exiles in the House," a canvassing of the gap between the generations in this country, at the Hesston High School. Wednesday he will present "Seminar in Dragon-Slaying," first at 10:30 a.m. at a chapel service at Hesston College, then at 2:30 p.m. in the home of Mrs. Alma Pfautz. Dragon- slaying deals with personal achievement. Dinner Will Honor YMCA Executive A dinner Thursday will honor Allen H. Gardner, YMCA executive who retired Oct. 1. Guest speaker at the 7:30 p.m. dinner in the Hutchinson Community College Student Union will be Bob Love, Wichita. Love is active in YMCA affairs in Wichita. The dinner is open to the public and will cost $2.75 per person. Reservations must be made to the Y office, 2-1203, by 1 p.m. Monday. added soon, the spokesman said. The spokesman said 16 airborne tankers were dropping fire-retardant chemicals on the blaze, aided by a huge Air Force C-130 converted as a tanker. Early-morning fog brought cool, moist air which temporarily aided fire fighters, a spokesman said. Leadership Training for 4H Officers Officers of the 19 4-H clubs in Reno County met at Conven tion Hall Saturday morning for a leadership training session. County commissioner John Sutton, speaking briefly to the group at a general meeting, challenged the youthful assembly to fully develop as community leaders. The youth then divided into officer groups and met with former 4 -H officers and community members to discuss how to work more effectively through the club. Meeting with the presidents and parlimentarians was Carl Koster, a Hutchinson Community College student and a former 4 -H officer in Sedgwick County; vice presidents, Connie Hays, HOC student and former Reno County 4 -H officer; secretaries and historians, Mrs. George Schlickau, Reno County 4 -H leader; reporters, Jeanette Jackson, farm editor with the News; treasurers, Joe Newsome, agricultural loan officer with Hutchinson National Bank and Trust; recreation leaders, Lilla King, counselor with local junior high schools; community leaders, Bob Davis, 4 -H agent. Chevvies Defective? (C) 1971 N.Y. Times News Servlcs DETROIT — The federal government is about to issue a warning to millions of owners Urge End to Celibacy O'NEILL — The pound, left, and the kilogram are weighing on his mind. Ten Receive Awards i For Conservation Work Mrs. Betty Davis, RFD 3, head of the Reno County Environmental Action Committee, was named water conservationist of the year Saturday night at the 22nd annual meeting of the Kansas Wildlife Federation in Wichita. Youths Compete in 4-H Horse Show Forty-six young horsemen demonstrated their riding skills Saturday afternoon in a competitive show at the Sandhill Saddle Club arena. The riders, from Reno, McPherson, Harvey, Stafford, Sedgwick, and Kingman counties, were competing in the All CHAMPION BULL — Angus bull calf champion last week at the 1971 Arkansas State Fair at Little Rock was Sedgwicks Ballot 2, shown by Eldo Kroeker and Sons, RFD 3, and McCurry Brothers, Sedgwick. Shown from left are Ed Stout, judge from Boonvllle, Mo.; Patti Jo Dabbs, Arkansas Angus queen and Bob McCur ry. Junior and reserve grand Cham* pion bull honors went to a jointly owned entry of McCurry Brothers and Silvergate Angus, Wichita. The reserve champion bull was owned by McCurry Brothers and Jack Schlitt, Verden, Okla.; and the reserve bull calf champ was owned by McCurry brothers. Youth Horse Show, sponsored by the Reno County Area 4-H Horse Club. One of the more colorful events was the hunt seat equitation in which riders used an English saddle and dressed after the fashion of a British fox hunter. Other events included western horsemanship, reining, cloverleaf, pole bending, key races, flags, leadback, rescue and relay. The entrants, judged in three age groups, were awarded first place trophies and second, third and fourth place ribbons. First place winners in each event are: Deanna Bush, Little River, western horsemanship, ages 1-9, and key race, 1-9; Gayle Pifer, 3121 Farmington, western horsemanship, 10-13; Marty Schul, RFD 3, western horsemanship, 14-17; Sue Morand, 4420 North Halstead, hunt seat equitation, 1-17; Leslie Anjn Smith, RFD 3, reining, 1-17; Melisa McCue, 6401 North Jef- farson, cloverleaf, 1-9, and flag "ace; 1-9; Michelle Richardson, 6111 North Monroe, cloverleaf, 10-13, and pole bending, 10-13; Chip McCoy, 1725 West 4th, cloverleaf, 14-17. Rebecca Hodgson, Little River, pole bending, 14-17, and leadback, 14-17; Anita Bridges, RFD 1, key race, 10-13; Ron Reade, 5821 Yucca, key race, 14-17; Dan Murray, RFD 3, flag race, 10 -13, and leadback, 1013; Susan Zwickl, Haven, flag race, 14-17; team of Anita Bridges and Chip McCoy, rescue, 1 -17; team of Bridges, McCoy and Dan and Jack Murray, relay, 1-17. Mrs. Davis was named be- Kansas Forestry, cause of her efforts which kill- Game Commission ed a plan for channelization of Cow Creek in Rice and Reno Counties. Fish and Named conservationist of the Betty Davis year was Robert Henderson, predator control expert for the extension service at Kansas State University, who recently was thought to be a contender for the director's post of the Podgorny Now No. 2 In Moscow WASHINGTON (AP) - Soviet President Nikolai V. Podgorny has bypassed Prime Minister Alexei N. Kosygin and now ranks No. 2 behind party chief Leonid N. Brezhnev in the Moscow heirarchy, administration analysts say. The findings of U.S. specialists in Soviet affairs are confirmed by a number of knowledgeable foreign diplomats familiar with the Moscow scene. Compared with Brezhnev, both Podgorny and Kosygin have slipped in the Soviet power equation but Kosygin "has slipped more," as one anlyst put it. Brezhnev makes a point of letting it be known to top -ranking visitors that he is speaking as Russia's No. 1 man and not solely as first secretary of the Communist party. Chairman of Presidium The official title of Podgorny, 68, is chairman of the Supreme Soviet Presidium, but outside the Communist orbit he is generally called president of the Soviet Union. Docking Award The conservationist of the year title was the governor's award. Jerry R. Tillery, director of Brit Spaugh Zoo at Great Bend, is the wildlife conservationist of the year. Rollie W. Peter, 18, Ellinwood, a 4 -Her who has built a one-half acre game refuge pond and been involved in several conservation projects, received the youth award. Soil conservationist of the year is Robert Newell, a farmer living near Dodge City. A pioneer Christmas tree grower in Kansas, Cecil Delp, St. John, received the forest conservationist award. The Kansas Game Protectors, Law Enforcement Division of the Kansas Forestry, Fish and Game Commission, Pratt, were named the conservation organization of the year. Other awards went to Roy Wall, Wichita, conservation communicator; W. R. Brown Jr., Emmett, legislative conservationist; John Breukelman, Emporia, conservationist educator; Griffin Wheel Co., Muncie, air conservationist. Dunlop to Preside Over Convention Ralph W. Dunlop, vice president of sales, Krause Plow Corp., Hutchinson, will preside at the international convention of the Farm Equipment Manufacturers Association in Denver beginning October 24. Representatives of member- manufacturers throughout the United States and Canada as well as Great Britain, Ireland, South Africa, Norway and most countries of Western Europe will attend the meeting. Dunlop has served as president of the organization for the past year, traveling throughout the U. S. and Canada representing the group. Mrs. Dunlop will serve as hostess for lunches for ladies in attendance at Top of the Rockies restaurant and the pri vate Mt. Vernon Club, located in the foothills of the Rockies west of Denver. VATICAN CITY (AP) - A succession of cardinals and bishops laced Pope Paul VI in the World Bishops' Synod Saturday and asked him to allow married men to become priests. Others pleaded for total priestly celibacy. As the pontiff sat without responding, Dutch Cardinal Bernard Jan Alfrink declared: "Marriage is not repugnant to the priesthood." He asked: "What is better, to preach the gospel with the help also of married men, or not to preach it at all?" A Malaysian bishop warned the Pope that an "authoritarian refusal" by him of local de mands for the ordination of married men would have "ca tastrophic consequences." The Pope sat through the speeches of 21 members in the 10-day-world World Synod of Bishops. He did not take the floor himself. The speakers seemed evenly divided between those seeking the ordination of married men in some parts of the world and those who wanted this forbidden. Most of the 209 delegates have been reported opposed to etting men marry once they are priests. But one speaker Saturday, Bishop Alexander Carter of Sault Ste. Marie, Ont., indicated that future developments in the Roman Catholic Church might throw the door open to marriage for priests. According to one of the synod briefing officers, Rev. Roberto Tucci, Bishop Carter denounced what he called an "unhealthy obsession" with celibacy in the church. of Chevrolet automobiles — a warning about a potential defect that could throw their cars out of control. The General Motors Corporation, the maker of the cars, is refusing to answer any qucs- j t ions about the problem and has not called the cars back for repairs, but G.M. is apparently paying for repairs and damages caused by the defect — if it occurs — in what appears to be a tacit admission that something is wrong. The cars involved are apparently full-sized Chevrolet cars for the 1966 through 1969 model years, and Chevrolet Camaros from 1967 through 1969. This includes 4.9 million of the big cars and 700,000 Readies Market Strategy BRIGHTON, England (AP) — Prime Minister Edward Heath began rallying his ruling Conservative party Saturday for an all-out battle to lead Britain into the European Com mon Market. It is a battle he expects to win with the help of Laborite opponents ready to defy party loyalties for their principles. Nothing quite like it has hit British politics this century. The six-nation Common Market went into business as a sort of customs union in 1959. Its members have thrived by pulling down barriers to free trade. Britain has been seeking to join since 1961 but only last spring Heath, who began the negotiations 10 years ago, won French President Georges Pompidou's assent to British entry. Share in Prosperity As Heath sees it, entry into an enlarged Common Market will restore a leader 's role to Britain by giving it a share in Europe's prosperity. Camaros, or 5.6 million altogether. G.M. refuses to say specifically If these are the model years involved. The trouble is defective motor mounts. The two mounts are made of a rubberized plastic and steel. They are used as a filling between the engine and the car body, tying the engine to the car frame and holding down vibration. Vibrations and Shaking If they break, the engine is no longer completely connected to the car. The engine does not fall to the ground, but there may be wild vibrations and shaking, the car may shoot forward and run out of control, and the engine could push forward, breaking brake lines or damaging the radiator and fan. Douglas W. Toms, who heads the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, said in a telephone interview that within days his agency will issue a consumer warning bulletin of the engine mount problem. He said he already has personally approved the bulletin. The government has no power to make an auto company recall its cars. But the federal agency can issue a consumer warning, and it may also order auto companies to admit to a defect. The companies may go to court to resist having to make such an admission. Hutchinson Girl Glad for Sexton Although she has never met him, or even corresponded with him, the release of John Sexton from captivity Friday brought shouts of joy to a 15-year-old Hutchinson girl. For Connie Wilkes, 2707 North Monroe, has been wearing a bracelet with the inscription Spec. 4 John C. Sexton, Aug. 12, 1969, engraved on the surface. Although no member of her family has been Involved in the Vietnam conflict, Connie had felt a deep sympathy for those servicemen who bad been captured by the NVA or the Viet Cong. Perhaps her feeling on the subject became more acute through acquaintance with one of her mother's friends, Mrs. Marie Schultz, Hlllsboro. For Mrs. Scbultz has had a son missing in the Southeast Asia area for many months. When Connie was listening to a Virginia Graham TV program last February, a guest described the work of VIVA in attempting to secure the release of POWs and MIAs through pressure on the North Vietnamese government. (2.50 Donations The VIVA work is underwrit ten by $2.50 contributions, with the donor receiving a nickel- plated bracelet with the name of a missing serviceman and the date he was reported missing or captured. Connie, now a 9th grader at Liberty, wore her bracelet proudly and wrote the standard letters to the North Vietnamese asking for release, or at least more humane treatment, for captured GIs. But, while she still cared, her interest in the VIVA project, a non-political, student organization, began to flag. When her father, David Wilkes, read The News Friday night, and saw that Sexton of Warren, Mich., had been freed, the Wilkes family, and especially Connie, felt like one of their own had been saved. "The paper said that his family hadn't been able to sleep, and I can well imagine that, we didn 't even know him and we had trouble getting to sleep here,'' said Mrs. Wilkes. And Connie, hoping that her bracelet might have been something of a talisman for Sexton, contemplates getting another bracelet for another service man ... just in case It might help. Toms said bis agency has run into about 30 cases of en- ; gine mount failure. The investigation started some time ago,then lagged, then picked up : steam again after a letter of' complaint from Ralph Nader, the consumer advocate. A Detroit newsman who mentioned it in a newspaper story had, in two weeks, received 40 calls from Ctevrolet owners complaining that they had had engine mount failure. "This is the kind of problem that gets worse with the age of the car," said Toms, explaining why the investigation lagged, but now is picking up ste a m again. "The engine atcually falls out of position," he noted. The number of complaints appears small compared to the 5.6 million cars in service. But G.M. refuses to say how many cases it knows of. Calls to Chevrolet automobile dealers snow that they are running into the problem and have fixed affected cars. They say G.M. is paying for engine mount repairs even if the warranty on the part has expired. General Motors says it has been investigating engine mount failures "for some time" and the company "would prefer not to comment." If General Motors had to recall these cars, it would be the argest in history and the cost would be enormous. Even if only half the cars built came in for repairs and repair and overhead costs held down to $20 or so each, the cost would run to $60 million. Denny Heads New Unit LARNED — Dale Denny has been appointed director of the Adolescent Rehabilitation Unit at Lamed State Hospital. Denny, a social worker, has been employed in the Alcoholism Unit at the hospital. The newly organized rehabilitation unit for youthful offenders will emphasize special education, vocational training and psychological services. The program was authorized by the 1971 Legislature. Admission of 16 and 17 year old: youths will begin this month. '
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