The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 11, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Wednesday, October 11, 1944
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REINFORCE AACHEN NAZIS Bulgaria A ccepts Peace Terms of A Hies THE WEATHER Temperature IfiKh yesterday 83 Lcivv today 60 Rainfall Simson (Airport) 7 Year ago (Airport) „ T Heaaon (Land Company) « T Year ago (L< nit Company) T Forecast Partly cloudy this afternoon with scattered shovera near mountains Increasing tonight and spreading over valley Thursday. Houser Will Talk Here Tonight, See Page 9 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1944 16 PAGES No. 62 Russians in Memel Outskirts Big Push Against Reichland Launched; Baltic Blockade Set LONDON. Oct. 11. (UP)—The Moscow radio announced tonight that Bulgaria had accepted preliminary peace terms from Russia, the United States and Britain. ' LONDON, Oct. 11. <UE>—Premier Josef Stalin announced tonight in an order of the day that the Red army had captured Szeged, second city of Hungary, and Cluj, capital of Transylvania. Marshal Rodion Y. Mallnovsky's second army of the Ukraine captured Szeged and Cluj, both major transport junctions dominating broad reaches of southeastern ungary and Transylvania. MOSCOW, Oct. 11. OJ.E)— The Red army's long-awaited full-scale attack on the East Prussian border roared down upon the defending Germans today while Russian forces stabbed mto the outskirtSTdf Memel and clamped a land- sea-air blockade upon 100,000 Nazi troops trapped against the Baltic sea. Soviet correspondents at the East Prussian front reported the Red army was smashing across the last few miles separating them from the German frontier. Red army troops were fighting night and day and correspondents said they sensed that the long-awaited big push was under way. DATE IN BERLIN By United Preen A Soviet broadcast recorded by FCC monitors predicted today that the Russian, American and British armies soon would meet In Berlin. "The day Is not far distant," Moscow said, "when the Red Army will smash Hitler's forces and enter Berlin, there to shake hands •with our brothers-in-arms, the doughboys of America and the Tommies of Britain." • Front dispatches said commanders of the threatened Nazi divisions were appealing frantically to the Nazi supreme command for reinforcements to plug the gaps in their positions already torn northeast of Tilsit and along the East Prussian frontier. Taurogen Falls The Red Army newspaper, Red Star, called Taurogen, which fell to the Soviets yesterday, one of the most Important outposts of Tilsit and one of the main hedgehogs upon which the Germans relied to defend East Prussia. The encirclement of the German army groupings in Latvia, achieved when the Red Army cut through to Continued on Page Two Index to Advertisers ~ Page Abrams, Dr. R. F ; 6 Alta Vista-Lincoln Markets 2 Ann's Do-Nut Shop 7 Arvin Theater „ 12 Auction Sale „ 6 Booth's ;.. . g Brock's 3 California Water Service „. 5 Citizens Laundry 10 Coffee, Harry 2, 6 Culliton, John W 10 Eastern _ 11 Egger's 7 Firestone Stores 5 Flickinger-Digier 16 Fox Theaters 12 Granada Theater 12 Ivers Furniture 6 Judds 6, 7 Kern Co. Republican Committee 5 Kern County Musical Agsn 6 Karpe, E. F 4' KERN 10 Kfmball & Stone „ 11 Leed's Shoes 11 Lim, T _ 10 Long, Dr. 8. C 3 Mar-Vp-Aid 6 Modern Studio Dancing. 6 Montgomery Ward 4 Motor Center 6 Nile Theater 12 Pacific Tel. & Tel 8 Penney's 6 Phillips Music Co 3 Rialto Theater „ _ 12 River-Theater ,,.12 Safeway 3 Sears Roebuck 7 Texas Tornados 12 ITnion Cemetery..... 9,1C Virginia Theater 12 Weill's _ 8 Allied Combine Soviet Leader Praises British, American Contribution to Victory at Dinner With Churchill; Urges Postwar Co-operation By DANIEL DE LUCE MOSCOW, Oct. 11. OP)—Talks between Prime Minister Churchill, Premier Stalin and their aides moved forward today on a new note of harmony sounded at a state banquet yesterday at which the Soviet leader warmly praised British and American contributions to victory and toasted postwar Allied collaboration. Twice during the elaborate S^-hour luncheon in Spirodonovka Stalin Toasts Germans Fleeing All Greece in palace, Stalin rose to emphasize the ties binding Russia and her western Allies. The first time, he solemnly emphasized the need for postwar co-operation in the interests of international security, declaring that "peace loving nations are never prepared but aggressor nations always seem ready." This, he snid, must in the future be avoided. Later, after other speakers had acclaimed the Red army's triumphs, Stalin asserted that Russia could not have done what she has done without the aid of the Allies. He praised the military might gathered by the United States and Britain, singling out for particular comment the high quality of British- American planning and the work of the-merchant marina of- both countries. Cites Material Aid Turning toward United States Ambassador W. Averell Harriman, seated on his left, the premier emphasized Russia's gratitude for the great material aid given by the United States. Previously, in referring to the achievements of Allied statesmen in drafting the Dumbarton Oaks security plan, Stalin also had turned to Harriman and paid a special compliment to Secretary of State Cordell Hull. Churchill was visibly moved by Stalin's acknowledge of the British- American war effort. "It is a, sign of a great nation and a great man to be magnanimous and generous," the British prime minister said. "I have always thought, and I think now, that it was the Red army which clawed the guts out of the filthy Nazis." Harriman Speaks Harriman, who spoke twice In response to Stalin's remarks, said the United States was not prepared for war but that Japan had rendered a service by "throwing us into it." The banquet was attended by approximately 50 statesmen, diplomats and military men. The guests were welcomed by G. I. Fomin, acting protocol chief of the foreign commissariat, who ushered each in turn to where Stalin and Foreign Commissar Vyascheslav Molotov were waiting to extend greetings. Stalin was clad in a light khaki uniform and wore no medals or decorations, but the star of a Soviet marshal gleamed from each shoulder. Churchill wore a red-tabbed colonel's uniform and a row of ribbons on his left breast. After a round of Martini cocktails, Stalin'lead the way to the banquet hall, where caviar and za- kuski—assorted cold Russian delicacies—introduced the elaborate meal. A toast to President Roosevelt was proposed by Molotov. Continued on Page Two NATIONS TO ASK LEAGUESEATS ELECTION TO DETERMINE COUNCIL PARTICIPATION By R. H. SHACKFORD WASHINGTON, Oct. 11. (UP)— All the United Nations—outside the big five—will bid for the six nonpermanent council seats of the new world peace organization, but the first election will boil down to a contest among about 10 of the aspirants, diplomatic sources predicted today. The United States, Britain, Russia, China, and eventually France, will have the permanent seats on the 11-nation security council. The other six—or 29 1/3 votes if only the 44 United and Associated Nations are members nt the start. Major Contenders Diplomatic quarters believed that the major contenders for the first chance to be nonpermanent members would be Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Czechoslovakia, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Poland and the Union of South Africa. The nonpermanent seats are for 2-year terms and a retiring member would not be immediately eligible for re-election. Three seats would become vacant each year, inasmuch as three of the seats would be only for 1-year terms in the first election. Brazil and Mexico can probably bank on the votes of most other Latin American countries and that of the United States and thus seem assured of seats in the beginning. Dominions Problem The British dominions pose a problem certain to create a debate reminiscent of 1930. There will be opposition from many nations to allowing any dominion a seat because of Britain's permanent seat. The dominions Continued on Page Two Engineers to Plan Aerial Map of State SACRAMENTO, Oct. 11. (JPt— United States Army engineers and representatives of governmental agencies, both federal and state, will meet here tomorrow to discuss aerial mapping of California as a postwar project. A. R. Heron, state director of reconstruction and re-employment, said good aerial maps are necessary for highway construction, development of water resources and other public and private programs. Dewey to Give Address on "This Must Be Last War" ALBANY, N. Y., Oct. 11. (JPl— Governor Thomas E. Dewey will devote his campaign speech in New York City next Wednesday exclusively to foreign affairs. Paul E. Lockwood, the Republican presidential nominee's secretary, in making the announcement today, said the title of Dewey's speech before the New York Herald-Tribune Forum would be "This Must Be the Last War." The speech will be broadcast over the Blue nework starting at 9:30 p. m., eastern war time. His first foreign affairs broadcast was made from Louisville on September 8 when he called for the building of a lasting peace. Six Speeches Set Six set speeches were announced, leaving wide gaps in the candidate's time in the near four weeka remain- Ing between now and the election. Three of the six had been announced previously but were confirmed by the Republican National committee. The committee's western division announced today that Dewey would speak in Madison Square Garden, New York, November 4, 10:30 to 11 p. m,, eastern war- time (NBS and CBS), and deliver a studio address, election eve, November 6, 11 to 11:15 p. m., eastern war time, over four major network*. By GARDNER BRIDGES The committee announced last night a speech in Buffalo for October 31 and confirmed these addresses: St. Louis, October 16, Minneapolis, October 24, and Chicago, October 25. Nationa} Chairman Herbert Brownell, Jr., flew to Pittsburgh yesterday, reviving speculation that plans might be under way for an appearance In that city. Dewey opened his formal campaign with a speech in Philadelphia on September 7, but there have been repeated reports that he would pay a return visit to that pivotal state, Brownell's trip followed a brief conference with Dewey while the latter was in New York City to attend funeral services for Wendell Willkie. The candidate returned to Albany immediately after the services, but planned to go to New York again Thursday to review the annual Columbus Day parade and to register for the November election. He will leave for St. Louis Sunday. As the challenger, Dewey moved out during the first half of the fall campaign with an 8500-mile trip across the country, concentrating most of his no-fourth-term speeches on the west coast. With his vice- presidential running mate, Governor John W. Brlcker, following through now In that section, the G. O. P. standard bearer plans to make his finish run in the populous ea«t. Swedish Report Tells of Evacuation Attempt as Balkan Trap Closes By REYNOLDS PACKARD ROME, Oct. 11. (UP)—German-inspired reports said Nazi forces were abandoning all of Greece in an elevenfh hour attempt to escape a closing Balkan trap today, as British troops stabbed into the Corinthian isthmus toward Athens and, to the north, captured the Albanian seaport of Sarande (Porto Edda). With all of the Peloponnesus in Allied hands and Russian troops astride all the main escape routes in Yugoslavia and Bulgaria, the remnants of five German garrison divisions were reported fleeing northward over secondary Greek roads in an almost hopeless race to get back into the dubious safety of the Reich. Greek guerrilla bands.t sprung up everywhere' along tfie German line of flight, harrying the marching enemy columns, cutting their communications and shooting down stragglers. Announced in Berlin First authoritative word of the evacuation came in a Swedish press dispatch from Berlin stating that it had been announced officially in the German capital. Broadcast accounts of the Berlin statement said special Nazi death b~ttalions were covering the rear of the retreating army against Partisan attacks and fanning out before it in a desperate attempt to hold open the few remaining roads. Allied spokesmen had no immediate confirmation of the German withdrawal, but there appeared to be no reason to doubt the enemy admission. Headquarters said British forces that captured Corinth we.e fanning out beyond the city toward Athens, 40 miles to the west, and there was no word of any important enemy resistance. Program in Albania Other British invasion units were making swift progress along the southern coast of Albania. Sarande, the fourth largest of Albania's few and primitive seaports, was captured by the invaders early yesterday after a bitter 24-hour battle. Moving in under a heavy artillery rrage, the Tommies overwhelmed a fairly strong German garrison and occupied the port and the dominating hills to the east, taking about 500 German prisoners. Some Nazi survivors fled eastward to the Gjashdle area where they attempted a new stand, but a communique said this opposition was being mopped up early today. Willkie) Body Taken to Indiana Home RUSHVILLE, Ind., Oct. 11. (UP.) The body of Wendell L. Willkie arrived here today from New York, accompanied by the 1940 Republican presidential nominee's brother, Edward Willkie of Chicago, and a carload of flowers. A decision as to whether the body would be placed immediately in a crypt until burial services were held or lie in state in Indianapolis was expected from Willkie's brother. Willkie's body was going to a burial ground in his native state in preference to a place in Arlington National Cemetery. Mrs. Willkie declined a suggestion from the office of the secretary of war that her husband rest among the nation's honored dead In the Arlington Cemetery. She indicated her husband would have preferred burial near his birthplace. Bricker Blames F. R. for Failure at Guam BREMERTON, Wash., Oct. 11. (UP)—Governor John W. Brlcker, of Ohio, speaking at this base, where last August President Roosevelt asserted that "we were not permitted to fortify Guam," today laid the blame for American failure to fortify its Pacific outposts squarely on Mr. Roosevelt. Guam, Wake, Midway and Samoa were not fortified, the Republican vice-presidential candidate said in a speech prepared for delivery at this great Pacific naval station, because the Roosevelt administration "feared that Japan might be offended." —CiIilornlan-NEA Telcpholo TURNABOUT FOR NAZIS—Dutch civilians, who watched with fright some time ago when German soldiers goosestepped down their streets, now laugh and mimic this group of Nazi prisoners as they march past under watchful eye of American guards in town of Limbright. Signal corps radio-telephoto. Hitler Fears Slaying by His Followers FUEHRER FORTIFIES REFUGE; BUYS MORE WHITE POLICE-DOGS LONDON, Oct. 11. (UK)—The Daily Mail, quoting an informant just arrived in Geneva from a visit to Germany and Austria, said today that Adolf Hitler was further developing his fortress-refuge at Berchtesgaden in fear of an assassination by Nazi party members. Hitler's fear of death at the hands of his own followers is so great, the Informant said, that even such a high-ranking Nazi as Hermann Goering is unable to visit Berchtesgaden without an invitation. Hitler, who was said to be suffering frequent nervous crises while preparing to fight to the death, also has ordered die purchase of all white police dogs available, to be added to the 350 already in the Berchtesgaden kennels, the informant said. Airplane travelers from Germany to Madrid reported today that the Nazis are systematically exploiting the mystic adoration of millions of German women for Adolf Hitler, their "Schoen Adolf," to keep the Reich in the war. They said Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels directed his major propaganda at the women who Inspire defeated and battle- weary Nazi troops to go back to the front lines for a new stand. Nation Over Hump in War Food Needs WASHINGTON, Oct. 11. (UP.)— War Food Administrator Marvin Jones today officially reported that the nation is over the hump of war food demands—"both for immediate use and reserves." "We are safely through that critical period of expanding needs," Jones Said in a statement following an agriculture department report that this year's crop output may shatter all previous records. His statement was regarded as an Indication that the government no longer will call for higher food production—as it has done every year since the outbreak of the war—and that retrenchment may soon be in order. FLASHES WLB VOTES ON STEEL WAGES WASHINGTON, Oct. 11. (UP.)— The War Labor Board voted today against Including any recommendations In its report to President Roosevelt on labor demands for upward revision of the Little Steel wage stabilization formula. NAZI STATION CAPTURE!) AVASHINGTON, Oct. 11. (UP.)— A German weather station, believed to be the last one in Greenland, was located and captured last week, army air force sources revealed today. Three officers, nine men, and quantities of technical radio, ordnance and scientific equipment were captured, it was reported. HAMILTON FIELD, Oct. 11. <UR)— Colonel Stewart G. Hall, 51, Brookline, Mass., and two other officers are known dead and four other officers and men are missing tn the wreck of a C-45 twin- engine army transport piano which crashed in San Pablo bay yesterday morning, it was announced today. US. NAVY PLANES TAKE HUGE TOLL IN FORAY NEAR NIP HOMELAND ARMY COMPLETES CONQUEST OF GARAKAYO, TENTH PALAU ISLAND INVADED; 18 TROOP BARGES SUNK ' By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Presti War Editor Hundreds of carrier-borne American planes, ranging to within 200 miles of Japan, struck at the Ryuku islands Monday (United States time) in their boldest attack of the Pacilic war, destroyed 80 planes and sank or damaged 58 surface craft. Tokyo radio said today 400 torpedo planes, bombers und fighters, participated in the surprise raid. It said they came in four waves, from dawn until mid-afternoon, roving over 500 miles of the island chain between southern Japan and Formosa. The attack, the first in the area at the very gates of the east China sea, failed to stir out the Japanese home fleet or the air armadas based in Nippon and Formosa, both of which should have been within range of the American carriers. Losses Light It was probably the closest approach to Japan of any great United States naval force during this war. Admiral Chester W. Nimttz reported that no supporting ships were damaged and losses to Vice-Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's carrier planes were light. Tokyo asserted 26 attacking aircraft were shot down. Nimitz announced that all Japanese "ships that could be found were attacked and severe damage was done to shore installations." He listed 12 ships, including a destroyer, as sunk, 14 probably sunk, 12 damaged and 20 luggers and other small craft as destroyed or damaged. The bold foray illustrated Nimitz' assertion that the Pacific fleet is strong enough to go anywhere. Tenth Island Conquered Tokyo said attacking planes ranged from Amanil Oshlma, 200 miles southwest of Japan's Kyushu island, to Miyako, 200 miles east of Formosa and about 500 miles from the China coast arid the Philippines. About GOO miles east of the Philippines, soldiers of the army's Eighty- first Division completed conquest of Garakayo islet in the Palau group within 24 hours. It was the tenth of the Palau Islands to bo conquered. South of the threatened Philippine archipelago, fighter planes and P-T boats broke up a Nipponese attempt to reinforce disorganized remnants of the garrison on Morotal island, now the closest American airbase to the Philippines. Eighteen barges Continued on Page Two LOVETT DEATH SURVEYED FRIEDMAN CHARGES THAT FINGERPRINTS DESTROYED SALINAS, Oct. 11. (.«—Absence of fingerprints on the gun which supposedly killed 19-year-old Jay Lovett was stressed today by Defense Attorney Leo Friedman in closing arguments in the murder trial of Mrs. Frances Andrews. He offered numerous contentions regarding destruction of the fingerprints, if the weapon ever bore such prints. One was that the gun might have been moved accidentally and the prints destroyed. Another theory was that the victim's mother, Mrs. Robbie Lovett and his sister, Mrs. Myrtle Perry, might have wiped the gun clean, whether accidentally or intentionally. Insurance Policy He argued yesterday that a $2000 life insurance policy on the boy's life, void if he was a suicide, might have been the motive. "I am not making: such an accusation," he told the jury, "but it is something you should consider." Another motive fur (he relatives to wipe the gun clean, he said, was to protect the family from the stigma of suicide. He also sought to prove, by read- Ing from testimony of various witnesses, that the gun might have been mixed up with other weapons in the Monterey police station. Shows Handkerchief Friedman stt'pi .>d over to a table and picked up a handkerchief and shirt taken from the youth's body at the mortuary. He showed the Continued on Pace Fifteen China Outlines Huge Relief Program, Asks UNRRA Aid By ROBERT WASHINGTON, Oct. 11. (UP.) — The Chinese government today outlined a vast $3,500,000,000 postwar relief program to repair China's gutted economy and end the "misery and destitution" left among her people by almost a decade of war against Japan, The plan was made public here by Tingfu F. Tslang, China's member on the Council of the United Nations Relief and Rohabilitation Administration, In asking UNRRA to con- tribue $345,000,000 of the total to he spent for rehabilitation In the first 18 months after Japan's defeat. Need Foreign Credit He said China would spend nearly $1,000,000,000 within the country and nearly $1,500,000,000 for foreign supplies essential to recovery. The government, he said, will solicit foreign credit and dig into foreign exchange funds to finance the undertaking. The Chinese plan was accompanied J. MANNING by a request that UNRRA take immediate steps to train personnel, plan transportation, and map the means of channeling 10,000,000 tons of supplies into China as soon as her liberation begins and ports are opened. The estimate of China's relief needs was drawn up with the aid of a small staff of UNRRA experts. They estimate that "direct relief- such as food, clothing, medical supplies and housing—will cost about $1,575,000,000. while general rehabilitation will require $1,975,000,000 in the first year and a half after China's liberation. It included a request for a corps of 3200 experts from foreign governments and a plan for training more than 400 Chinese, including doctors, welfare workers and technicians, in other countries. The commission cited the "misery and destitution" caused by China's Continued on P»«e Two Air, Land Assault Hits_City Dive Bombers Join in Destroying City Caught in Yank Trap LONDON, Oct. 11. <UB—The Paris radio said tonight that the German garrison of Aachen has been reinforced and heavy street fighting is expected. SUPREME HEADQUARTERS OF ALLIED EXPEDI TIONARY FORCE, PARIS, Oct. 11. (TIE)—German relief columns, one division strong, attacked the outside rim of the American cordon around Aachen today in a desperate attempt to save the city from total destruction by a pulverizing artillery and dive bomber assault. Hundreds of massed cannon swung their muzzles away from the bombardment of Aachen to shell tb« relief forces advancing from the northeast, and lightning divebomb- ers which had hammered the city for four hours swooped down against the fanatical Nazi columns. The Joint air-artillery onslaught In. fllcted heavy casualties on the. Nazi reserves, which included armortd units. The pounding by more than 100 big guns and strafing by scores of fighter planes "temporarily dig. persed" the relief force, a front dispatch said. City on Fire United Press War Correspondent Henry T. Gorrell reported from First Army headquarters at 6 p. m. that many parts of Aachen were on fire after American planes and guns loosed a crushing assault when the deadline of a surrender-or-die ultimatum was passed. The Germans in a gap less than 1 mile wide northeast of Aachen were "fighting like madmen," Gorrell reported, In a frantic effort to pry open a path for the relief forces bearing In from the same direction. Heavy fighting continued all day in the vicinity of Wurselen, 2 miles north of Aachen, and around Bardenberg, 4% miles above Aachen. The thin gap between the American positions was covered by small arms fire, and front dispatches said that unless the reserves succeed in crashing through the Aachen garrison is doomed. Columns Move In One column marched toward Aachen about 10 a. m. from the vicinity of Merzebruck and Vor- meiclen, 5 miles to the northeast. Then at 2:15 p. m., even as our dive bombers and artillery were plastering Aachen and infantry prepared to move in, another column was spotted moving in by secondary roads south of Eschweiler. At Wurselen and Bardenberg, where the enemy struggled to pry open the gap in the American ground positions, the Germans counterattacked twice with the support of tanks. First Army headquarters reported the situation was "sticky" tonight. Southeast of Aachen, other American forces crossed the Moschauduren road in the area of Germeter in some strength. Escape Road Cut The Canadian First Army cut the German escape road from the Wai- cheren-Beverland area along the Schelde estuary and moved down a causeway toward Flushing. The forces which landed on the south side of the estuary now were within about 7 miles of the Leopold canal bridgehead. Local fighting developed around Dunkerciue when Nazi raiding parties tried to infiltrate the Canadian lines. The raiders were driven back, .and the reduction of the town by artillery fire continued. The only major fighting reported on the United States Third Army front was in the village of Maizieres Les Metz, where the Germans were resisting In houses and basements. Northeast of Nancy a Third Army attack apparently had achieved its limited objectives after a tactical advance of about 8 miles. The British Second Army reported only local activity on ita front in Holland. Dispatches reaching supreme headquarters told of white surrender flags appearing over a number of houses in Aachen during the early morning, but there was none over the German garrison headquarter*. Some 100 German troops and civil* tans came over to the American lines during the 24-hour ultimatum period. Only the garrison com* mander could have saved the citjr by surrendering unconditionally. How many of Aachen's 166.009 civilians and 2000 troops still re- CoatlBtMt «a F»« >«»

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