The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 10, 1944 · Page 14
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 14

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Tuesday, October 10, 1944
Page 14
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Tuesday, October 10, 1944 Cbttonal Caltforman ALFRED HARRELL • 011UI 4NO Entered In post office at R.ikr-->f!«>lr1. Cnliforrr;i. a« mall nnfler il-e n<n ol Conttrss Mnrt-h .';. i' cnnd MEMBER OF THE ASSOCrATEl) I'KKSS Th« Asaorjnte<1 Prr^s (5 rxrluelvc;y rrititlf'l in 1 iu- :;•-'' for p tlon of all news rtispatrhos «. rr^itcd to it or riot ( .:(:fi n-••-(•' u Jn this paper, and also the Jiual news pul-Iish'd il.fMin. Th* BakersfirM C:illfn and ifM'fh a 1 lio New York, n HP u i-:s E XT A T iv i -:s \\>M-H»]Mny Co.. Inn. VTASTHNOTON. D c. r.r The Haskin Soivirp. \Vnshm;.M By carrier rr mail ("In In p n ^i'il per month. KV; MX months, $.'. I 1 ': i-n*> \postal zones l«ur to eight, pf-r ni"Mh. 51 PEACK PLAN OUTLINED T ut; preliminary plans designed lo give assurance tliul "the sacrifices of lliis war shall not have heen in vain." have been made by Ihe four-power conference at Dumbarton Oaks and will be passed along to Ihe I'nilcd Nations, with the authority to function if world peace is jcopardi/cd by overt aggression. According; lo the re-port made public, the nations will concern themselves with plans for regulation of armaments lo promote internalional peace and security. Individual members of Ihe countries acting in unison would contribute their air, naval and military strength according to procedures still to be agreed upon. These proposals, as briefly outlined, will be transmitted lo a wider council to prepare a complete plan to serve as a basis for further discussion. Secretary Hull described Ihe preliminary findings as designed "to make permanent a victory purchased at so heavy a cost in blood, in tragic suffering and in treasure." To be effective, of course, the final findings must be passed upon by the legislative bodies of the states concerned or at least according lo the constitutional processes in each of such states. A security council of eleven members would be provided for. it is suggested, permanent seals going lo the Hig Four and in due course to France. Some seats will be non-permanenl and tilled by a two-thirds vote of the Assembly for two- year terms. The definite purpose of Ihe program is summed up in this keynote paragraph: "To maintain international peace and security, to make effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace and the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace and lo bring about by peaceful means adjustment or settlement of internalional disputes which may lead to a breach of the peace." Il is a program that is fraught with difii- cullies. The history of the world gives emphasis lo the seriousness of the problems that must be solved. In any event, without questioning now the practicability of Ihe plans outlined, the world will hope, that it will lead to a provision for the formation and acceptance of a policy that will accomplish the purposes set forth in the preliminary findings and without sacrificing the rights or infringing upon the basic laws of the stales which join in the co-operative movement. TAXES OF THE FUTURE W n.\Ti;\i;n the outcome of the Presidential election, let us hope that a simplified system of levying income taxes, with clarification that will make il readily understood, will lintl favor at Washington. It is not possible for the average taxpayer to understand Ihe laws now in existence professedly lo inform him as lo his obligations to the government. If he chances to be in one of the higher brackets he can hardly expect to be able to make out his own tax report, lie has to hire an expert to do that and it happens all loo frequently that even the expert is puzxled when he undertakes to interpret the laws as (hey are written. • Aside from the lack of simplicity, justice can be done by lightening (he burden placed upon the taxpayers as a whole and this includes the wage-earners who receive as much as .*50 a month and the manufacturer whose net profits may be in the neighborhood of *100,()()0 or over annually. In either case a plan financing the government can be 'provided that will not work such an injustice upon the public as do Ihe existing laws. Of course one of the ways lo bring about a l-educlion in taxes is lo slop spending. We have a pledge to (hat end from one of Ihe candidates and il would be heartening if both of (hem were lo make similar declarations. Congress, members of which are elected directly by the people, and every two years insofar as one house is concerned, could render a service to the Kxeeulive by insisting upon redrafting the tax laws and redeterminiug the amount that shall be collected from incomes, simplifying them so they can be understood by all. CHINESE FREEDOM O CTOBER 10 is the anniversary of the Chinese revolutionary rising of 1!)11 during which China declared her independence, as we did in 1770, and overthrew the Manchu dynasty in the Orient. The founder of the Republic of China", and its first provisional president, was Sun Vat-son, whose statue' of debated esthetic values still enlivens San Francisco art discussions. It is interesting lo note that General Chiang Kai-shek, who was 21 years old in 1IM1 \\hen China had her revolution, left Japan, where he was a student of military training, and returned to China lo join (he revolution. Now. on her thirty-fourth birthday of independence, China is still fighting for her liberty as a political nation, and Chiang Kai- shek, sorely pressed by the Japanese, is using the military training he received in Japan against the invaders. This week an embattled China celebrates what to her is a Fourth of July, but she has no1 yet won her freedom and will not do so until the Japanese are expelled from the land. This month military reverses in China, during which we have lost our last major airfields on the mainland littoral, and the further fact that China leaders criticized Prime .Minister Churchill of England and the United Stales for not offering more aid, brought China sharply inlo focus for international scrtilinv in the news. T i SCRAPING GERMAN BARREL 1 m: longer a war proceeds the lower bc- •ome the physical standards set for army service. This is a truism to any student of military history. (icrmany is now recruiting soldiers from labor battalions and hospitals. Low-grade defectives, psycho-neurotic individuals, cripples physically and mentally and men with wounds only partly healed are being taken inlo the service. (icrmany has one outfit of servicemen all of whom are suffering from stomach ulcers. With much publki/ed Teutonic ingenuity they claim having all these men together makes it easy to cook for them, as they all have practically the same kind of diets. There is another service group in which all the men are deaf. The Germans claim lo have evolved a system of commands for these men. Heinrich Himrnlcr is the author of the orders resulting in the mobilization of men that are ill, wounded and physically defective. It can hardly escape an observer thai these men must "love" Hiinmler and his ingenious ideas about scraping the manpower barrel. As they hobble into action, or fail (the deaf ones) to hear the crashing of nearby shells, and as the men with stomach ailments knot up with pain, they all must think "kindly" of the Gestapo chieftain of Germany, but nevertheless he probably takes good care lo keep away from frontline action, for he might get a stray bullet in his back. RANDOM NOTES This is not a political campaign "in the usual sense of the term." We have that on Ihe high authority of the White House and the statement is given emphasis by the expressions of some associated officials. Here comes Mr. Ickcs, for instance, to Hollywood to find assembled many stars, near stars and would-be stars at a banquet at which the Secretary of the Interior was the principal speaker. A collection was taken lo aid in defraying the expenses of the non-political campaign and the sum of JjtfO.OOO was subscribed by the banqueters. Ordinarily if thai much money were collected at one silting during a campaign it would seem to have a political bearing—but of course that is not presumed to be true now. It cannot be, because we have heard il said, that this contest is waged on one side, at least, in a manner non-political. Well, Mr. Hrowder is also taking an active part in the non-political campaign. In a recent speech he expressed fear thai the defeat of Mr. Roosevelt would signal an end of co-operation between the United Stales and the Soviet Union which he feared would plunge the world inlo a "most devastating civil war." We were told jusl the other day that Mr. Roosevelt did not seek the support of Communists but Mr. Browder is an authority on Communist policy, or should be since he was at one time the Communistic Candidale for the Presidency. Rut doubtless that is also non-political now. And speaking of a political campaign "in the usual" or unusual sense, whichever you will, Sidney llillman is not going to represent the Democratic party as a forum speaker for the New York Herald Tribune. He accepted Ihe honor but Mr. llannagan, who is head of the national Democratic organization, said "No." So now Mr. Hillman says "No" too. He was going to but he won't. When he accepted the invitation he expected to speak as chairman of the Political Action Committee but ail that is changed. LS that because of n the sentiment expressed that would avoid "politics in the usual sense" or'is il because of the recognition that Mr. llillman has become a liability rather than an asset? i Tlie W ar T 1 o ay EDITOR'S NOTE)—Until inch time ai Ernie fylu • column ts resumed folio? his vacation. tbl> *iiac« will be uae^ [or war feature stories. Ini By VIRGIL PLNKLKY I'nlii-i] Pi-pun War Correspondent LO.NDOX. (UP)—Adolf Hitler appears to lie attempting to prolong the war into the winter of KI44-19-ir> in iM.'licf that Germany will be able to face UK: Allies next spring with fresh forces of possibly three-quarters of a million troops. This is the conclusion of several excellent sources who believe the next six weeKs may be the most critical period of the war—the testing i time of Hitler's hopes for another i winter and spring of struggle. Allied tactics and strategy are designed to counter Hitler by mounting and releasing such powerful offensives in the next few weeks that German resistance is .swamped despite its lanalieal character. General IJwight I). Kisenhower's j plan is to end the Kuroppun war this year Hut if these plans fall short he can be counted upon to upset the -Nazi plans by launching a .spirited winter campaign, especially once the Khine is crossed. Kisenhower's plan now—as for months before I.")-Day—is to cap.turc "I learned to do some tracking when 1 used to go hunting in Nebraska," said Duffy, "and I was able to follow them by the bloodstains left by a wounded man." For four hours he followed the slim train, then—stricken by an uneasy feeling that he was in danger— he suddenly looked tip to see a German crouching behind a tree and aboiit to shoot at him. He jerked his own gun up and he and the enemy fired at the same moment. The Nazi missed—but fell backward with a bullet through his leg. Duffy told the wounded man to call on his comrades to give up or. lie wiped out. The wounded Nazi looked at Duffy's gun, saw a, few of his comrades in the background, and decided his friend were hopelessly trapped. He gave a few stacatto shouts in German. "I didn't know whether he was tricking me or not, but I had to take a chance." said Duffy. "A moment later the woods seemed to be alive with Nazi soldiers—all coming forward with^hands upraised. They were all tough babies and Riihrliind, thus tearing out Ger- ' lllev hatl 1)een walking for HO day:!, inany's vital war production facilities. Hitler's .strategy, ns seen here embraces these, considerations: 1. Kvery year about l.:!(Mi.UO<) Gor- mans reach military iige. If casualties in the autumn batles can be held to 5(111.1100, Germany would have a net gain of 75(1.000 men by next spring. -. During the winter ninny divisions could be moved back and the eastern front could be shortened. ;>. Another three to six months might enable German scientists to perfect more secret weapons such us V-::. V-l and V-H. Chief obstacles facing Allied efforts nullifying the Nazi plans are the fanatical resistance of the Germans, the difficult supply problems involved in arming, feeding, transporting and clothing two to three million troops, and the weather, which has been miserable most of the time since D-Day. Bad weather has frequently neutralized the Allies' overwhelming air superiority. With good luck, Eisenhower lias another two weeks or so in which to mount an all-out offensive and probably a month to ram it home before real winter weather arrives. Kven so, careful military observers believe that if the battle of the Rhine can be won within a month or six weeks it will be possible to knock out the Reich this year. Mobile battle in a country with such fine roads as Germany can proceed regardless of weather. Weather affects Allied operations most particularly when supplies are being unloaded and moved to the front and also when breakthroughs occur. Wet muddy ground prevents the troops from exploiting their successes. By HAL BOYLE WITH UNITED STATES TROOPS IN HELGR-M. Kept. 2fi. OB—Bold bluffing and woods lore picked up hunting in Nebraska, enabled one American private and some squad men he hurriedly assembled to capture (M of Hitler's paratroopers— those embattled sons of the swastika who are supposed to die before surrender. Private Robert Duffy of Omaha, a signal corps messenger, was speeding along in his jeep with Private First Class Kdward Gerdes of St. Louis, Mo., when a Belgian on a bike excitedly stopped them and warned of "les bodies." ' It was near the German border and Duffy climbed out with a gun expecting to find a couple of stragglers trying to filter through to the. homeland. "Hut when we reached them we saw 15 well-armed Germans lying in a. field at the edge of the woods," said Duffy. , "We opened up, killed one and wounded another. The rest run into the woods." Duffy and Gerdes then went back and picked up four engineers, a medical major and two Belgian Patriots with rifles and led IUM small army into the woods in pursuit of the Germans. they said, to get hack into German.v. They almost made It—they were only a few miles from their own country when we bluffed them into giving up." "They were so mad when they found they had surrendered to nine men with no gun bigger than a rifle they wanted to start the war all over again. But by then we had disarmed them. So we just goose- stepped them to the prison camp and left them there to think it over." By HAL BOYLE HEERLEN, Holland, Oct. 5. (Delayed) (IP) —A German federal officer writing in his journal, described the Nazi army retreat from Holland into Germany as "a disgusting sight" and pictured the decay of a once great military machine. The journal was written by a Nazi official whose home was in Holland but whose office was across the border in Aachen, Germany. "He also had a list of members of a German officers' and wives' association In Aachen," said Leuten- and Robert Kline. Mount Pleasant, Mich., "and 'i5 of the 36 members were widows." Excerpts from the journal follow: "Streets were filled with retreating columns . . , for a real German it was a disgusting sight to watch the troops pass by . . . the road from Maastricht to Aachen was jammed during the first few days with long columns of men and all types of vehicles. At first there were many small groups of stragglers who had banded together and were traveling in every sort of vehicle. . . army vehicles . Russians have passed, also some Belgians. They were supposed to build defensive positions in the Netherlands. . . . here Holland men stay away from church on Sunday so they will not be conscripted for labor." ".Some soldiers have stayed in my tenement drinking whisky and listening to the radio. One unit of 10 men had three large radio sets in their car . . . others are spending their time stealing chickens, ducks and other things. They say that they have to stay because their horses are too tired. This seems strange to us as they do not much love their animals. They finally leave after we reported them to officers . . . soldiers who stayed in my tenement told many stories of their action against the enemy and of their own heroism. In the morning they are arrested by an officer because they had avoided fighting the Americans and were shirkers . . "On my return today I have found the division staff living in my home. The general himself is to sleep in my son's room and the message center is in the library.I have talked to the general and he advised me very strongly to stay in Dutch territory and not to return to Germany. The general did not stay, however, but moved away this night. When he left be again advised me to kee)) my family in Holland and to await developments." 1 lie Ji\eaclers* Viewpoint HOW TO VOTE Editor The Callfornlan: Before I tell you the best way to vote, which is of course my way, I wuni you against telling who and what you are voting for. This will savu you from many arguments, in which you only k'arn the difference ht'lui'en sense and nonsense, and i hat is: You talk sense; anyone who disagrees with you talks nonsense. Tlit'io may be limes when you believe the best way to elect the proper person to the proper office is to grab ui> the family weapons and slay all crooks and nitwits in office now. But, 1 warn you against this. There ure too many of them. By the time you hud completed your idealistic venture the polls would have closed, preventing you from voting Cor your own choice. \Vo all know the. "public servants" whom llie people serve. And you know and I know that-arrogance in public office is not compatible with I lie public good. For instance, as a working man myself, I do not like to be "talked down to" by smirking candidates who slyly confess they wore once "working men." Il sounds like they are trying to work me! This Is the land of liberty . . . for all of us. We build, we create. We light the wars, ai£l help pay for them, wo wonder a little. der about decisions which call "un- constituliunal" an attempted limit on urufits. and other decisions which ilace a "little steal" formula across the path to wugu increases for the worker. William Graham Simmer, professor of political and social science at Yale, of hallowed memory, said in 1910: "The forgotten man works and votes; generally he prays; but his chief business in life is to pay." We may be the "forgotten men," but now and then the "forgotten man" remembers . . . the bread lines, the corner apple stands, and something that was always "just around the corner." The laborer Is worthy of Ills hire, especially when he labors for his fellowmen, Ability and willingness to labor for his fellowmen should be the sole qualification of any candidate for public office. When you measure all candidates by this standard, you will know "how to vote." JOHN H. CURT1N. Box £12, Bukersfield, California. come home and Now and then Maybe we won- REPLY TO STUDENT Editor. The Californian: This is in reply to a letter written by a student to the editor and appeared in the September 28 edition of The Callfornlan. This student obviously did not read my letter of the sixteenth very closely. In It I stated that the President automatically becomes the comniander-in-chief of all armed forces and did not say that he, the President, has the power to create government bureaus. I suggest that this student read my letter again and see the mistake. It may be true that depression follow war, as the student stated, but after the last war there were three Republican presidents in office and none of them could put the country back on It's feet. It took a good man for this job. Roosevelt was the man! Yes, Dewey's speaking voice may be as good as "My Friends" Roosevelt's voice but Roosevelt keeps his promises. Dewey says, "If elected, I will bring our boys back sooner." I think that's up to our fighting forces and also as I to how long our enemies can hold out. What does Dewey know about the Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin, and Chiang plan to bring about a lasting peace? Did he attend any of the conferences? I'll cross the stream with F. D. R.! JTST A O. T. ALIAS "WARM LOGIC" rONGKESSlOXAI, RECORDS Editor The Californian: Anyone wishing to see, the record of how his Senator and Congressman voted on recent Important Issues may do so by viewing the very revealing chart now posted at the Democratic headquarters In the ItiOO block on Chester avenue near the clock tower. This record covers the Hobbs bill, the $25,000 limitation bill, continuation of the Dies Committee, the poll tax bill, the soldiers' vote bill, and others—11 in all. It Is a picture which definitely Is "worth 10,000 words," and 'which every voter should see. Regardless of how you are registered, or how you are going to vote, you tire urged to come in and see for yourself this graphic report. It is worth seeing! . JERRY SULLIVA2N. From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californlai!, this date, 1934) Headlines: Armies Alert for Event- ualtles; Bakersfleld Planning Great Armistice Day Celebration. June Ireland is one of 23 students in the stale awarded a federal gov- mervt scholarship at University of Southern California to study social welfare. Ray Carlisle has been named chairman and A. \V. Kabes, secretary, of a veteran's organization to work against Upton Sinclair in the coming election. The organization endorsed Governor Frank Alerrlam for re-election und George J. Hatfield for lieutenant-governor. C. L. Tomerlin is constructing an adobe hot'el at 1101 Union avenue. Y. At. C. A. clubs are being organized here, six new units having been formed and five more being contemplated. TWENTY YEARS AGO <The California!!, lliiarliile. 11)24) West Side police are still searching for a man who broke out of Taft jail. Leigh H. Irvine, secretary of the Chamber of Commerce, will attend a fair in Los Angeles. Civic Commercial Association will aid in the beautification of Chuchu- pate Park. Headlines: Five Thousand Engage in Chinese Baltle; Senators Even World Series by Defeating Giants 2 to 1. Chang Drops Bombs from Thirty Planes on Shanhaikwan; McDonald Defeated by Liberal-Tory Combination. Trial in Connection with Shooting of Floyd Fisher Now Underway in Superior Court. Ogden Reavia, 2!!, sat as Superior Court Judge and decided a case yesterday. This unique distinction oc- cured when attorneys in the absence of Judge Penirs stipulated that Reavis should hear the evidence. His decision was praised. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The i'ill i Corn in n. this date. 1914) Antwerp has surrendered to the Germans and Berlin Is wild with excitement believing the war is over. Boston Nationals defeated Philadelphia Athletics 1 to 0 in the second game of the series. Kern county has succeeded in organizing a farm bureau here with 15") members. Baker street needs a subway to cost $100,000 according to the Railroad Commission. A peace demonstration will be held in City Hall Park tomorrow. Professor B. H. Crocheron was a speaker before farmers at a mass meeting last night. The largest crowd ever assembled to watch a big league game was reported in front of The Californian this morning. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1904) f rofessor M. Carriere presented his piano pupils in a recital last night at Woman's Club hall. Doctor Lucas, Democratic congres sional nominee, received an ovation in connection with his talk in Bak ersfield last night. He said he would always vote against the ship sub sidy bill. Mrs. I. D. CSambel heads the com mittee for a Degree of Honor social Friday. Russians are effectively using hand grenades filled with high explosives in the Port Arthur seige according to a private letter from a Japanese officer. William Jones and W. J. Weems had an accident this morning when a small dog frightened their horse. The buggy was overturned; Mr. Jones' leg was broken and Mr. Weems cut his right eye. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. J894) Pressley St. Clair returned Tues day night from San Francisco where he hag been attending a school of electrical engineering. As he is a member of Professor Taylor's mill tary band, the boys turned out to meet him and give him a serenade. Supper followed at the St. Clair home. Baptist Church has secured the services of the Reverend J. M. French, recently of Fullerton. N. E. Conklin came down from San Francisco last night with a certificate to practice law. Visitors to Kernville yesterday were shown the apple tree on which grew the fruit that took the gold medal at the world's fair. SO THEY SAY You won't believe It, but Sergeant Walter Jenski (of Wheeling, W. Va.) ran down the road right beside a tank, firing at the treads with rifle grenades, and every few steps he would throw a hand grenade inside. You never saw such guts.— Lieutenant Donald Phillips of Cadil lac, Mich., on Aloselle river front. Now that I'm home I want to hunt rabbits and dance. I want to eat mother's cooking. And I'll never feel sor¥y if I never see Europe again.—Captain Alexander S. Dallas of Cleveland, Ploesti bomber home from captivity in Rumania. If we wait for the settlement to join a world security organization we r >ll never join. If we insisted on a perfect set of laws before we established municipal or state government, we'd never have it.— Senator Joseph H. Ball (R-Minn.). Since this attack started there is no such thing as a front because our rear lines are now past the German front lines.—Major William A. Castille in Normandy. PEN SHAFTS There was considerable concern over the Cardinals being able to get sleeping quarters in Detroit. The Browns took care of it. As long as these are trying days, try your doggondest to buy more war bonds! Stockings and cigarettes—it's all the same these days. The boys and girls are rolling their own. Lighthcartedness is a state of mind your own business. On mall days overseas everything is all right If we all write. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY for the Lord your God is gracious and merciful, and will not turn away his face from you, if ye return unto him. —// Chronicles 30:9. • • « Forgetful youth! But know, the Power above with ease can save each object of His love; wide as His will, extends His boundless grace.— Homer. on Co I u mm -(By FETISH EUSON)Nobody should have to do much worrying about Gerald L. K. Smith any more. The ex-minister, ex-Huey Long cohort, ex-organizer of the "Committee of (not) One Million," now editor of the "Cross and the Flag" magazine and presidential candidate of the America First Party, has Just been taken apart by the House committee to Investigate campaign expenditures, and shown up for just exactly what he Is. Mr. Smith came to Washington and appeared before the committee without subpoena, at his own suggestion. If he thought he was going to get a sounding board for expounding some of his pet Ideas, he met with the surprise of his life. Congressman Clinton P. Anderson of Albuquerque, N. M., chairman of the committee, put Smith through one of the neatest jobs of police court cross-examintion on record, leaving the self-styled nationalist, leader spinning around In his chair and fumbling for answers to the most embarrassing of questions—all with the utmost politeness. Anderson isn't a lawyer, but an insurance man and a former president of Rotary International. But he had prepared his case so carefully that he knew more about America First affairs than Smith was ready to admit. But by pinning Smith down and carefully leading him into traps that got him all tangled up in his own evidence, Anderson and Congressman John W. Murphy of Dunmore, Pa., deflated the great Gerald for all time. Among the more amazing admissions forced out of Smith were these: That he had failed to file statements on his campaign receipts and expenditures, as required by law. That his "Committee of One Million' 1 has been without funds for the past four years. That Smith had opposed tire, sugar and food rationing and United States conscription programs, and had campaigned in Michigan for election to the Senate under such slogans as, "Tires for Everybody," "Butter for Americans First" and "Meat for Americans First." One of his campaign boasts was, "I'll get tires for everybody or they'll have to take me off the Senate floor gagged and bound." Admitting that he had tried to make these Issues popular, Smith said with an attempt at sarcasm, "Of course, when you attempt to make anything popular, that's rabble rousing." Smith was exceedingly vague ^ about what went on at the Ameri-"^ can First party convention in Detroit at the end of August. He denied stories that h« had six bodyguards. He was exceedingly con' fused about the background of a delegate named Homer Maerz from Chicago, who had Introduced a resolution providing for the removal from America of all ( Jews, with sterilization ordered for all those who did not move within five years. They also tried without succes's to make Smith give the name of a man he had written about in an open letter printed in his magazine—"one of the richest men In America who is very powerful In the Republican party," and who had told him, "You can have anything you want If you'll go along with Tom Dewey." "If I can stay out of jail." said Smith, "I'll tell that when It will do the most good." Smith's principal defense was that three organizations were trying to defame him—the Non-Sectarian Anti- Nazi League, the Anti-Defamation League and the Friends of Democracy. In the whole performance, Smith had only one brief moment of even reflected glory in the four hours of grilling. Asking for a personal privilege, Smith told about his son, Gerald Smith, Jr., a mule skinner with Merrill's Marauders in Burma. Young Smith was wounded In the expedition In which 200 of the 300 men were casualties. His decorations include the Silver Star, Presidential Citation, Combat Medal and Purple Heart. Though he had had six years of military training in schools, said Smith, the boy hadn't been ablei to get into officer's training camp, "because of the disreputable reputation of his father." Hollywood Column - (By DANNY KAYE) Copyright, 1944, NBA Service. Inc. Every time they call me an "overnight sensation" I burn to a crisp. The persons who say it mean well. The persons who say it never mean well. They never saw me and a lot of them never heard of me until 1 made "Up in Arms" for Samuel Goldwyn, for whom I am now making "The Wonder Man," my second picture. Mr. Goldwyn gambled a tub of blue chips—12,000,000—and I hear tell, that I was going to click on my first time out. If Goldwyn had taken a poll he might have discovered that outside of the New York area most people didn't know the difference berween Sammy Kaye and Danny Kaye. But should I be called an overnight sensation? The thing no one realizes is that I played every tank town in America, beat my brains out all over the world, worked in night clubs, cover charge cellars, vaudeville, summer camps, benefits, for 12 years before I became a movie star. AVhen I left Thomas Jefferson High School in Brooklyn, where J was born on January 18, 1913, in a section known as East New York, I hadn't the vaguest notion of what the future held for me. Encouraged by my father and mother at parties, I had done imitations and songs and dances since the age of 5—a showoff. ^^^^^ My first job, though, was with an insurance adjuster. I misjudged a problem of simple addition and cost the company either $4000 or $40,000, I can't remember which. Anyway, I lost the job. Then I became an entertainer In the summer camps of the Catskills near New York. I waited on tables, took part in plays and musicals put on by a stock company. I did this for five seasons, starting at $200 (room and board) and worked up to $1000. During the winter, I lived, but barely, on what I made in the summer, and spent long hours resting outside producers' offices. In my fourth camp season I met Dave Harvey and Kathleen Young, professional dancers, who taught me how to use by feet. (Dave, by the way, is now in a Japanese concentration camp in the Philippines.) Dave. Kathleen and I made up an act, tried it out at camp, and it clicked. We played the act in a few break-in vaudeville dates and then joined an A. B. Marcus tab show headed for Tokyo. We left San Francisco in February, 1934, and played Tokyo, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Canton, Singapore, Bangkok and Osaka. Mostly it was good in Tokyo, what with -Jap musicians who couldnt speak a word of English, but swung out like Benny Goodman. My most vivid memory of Japan is a typhoon, when a man flew past my hotel window on a bicycle, still pedaling furiously. The Japs even then 'were hiding something. They took all our cameras away when we entered a harbor or industrial section. \Vhen I came back to New York In 193S and ..tried Broadway again the answer was the same—No. I toured with Sally Rand and still have an autographed fan to prove it. Then with Abe Lyman. I stooged for Nick Long Jr., at the Casa Manana, played the Dorchester hotel in London. Romance and luck came In 1939. At a rehearsal for a Little Theater revue I met Sylvia Fine, a girl who had grown up right in my own neighborhood. She was writing lyrics and music for "Straw Hat Revue," and this show got me to Broadway. She is now Mrs. Danny Kaye artd her songs and lyrics are among those in did in "Up in Arms" and which I am doing for "The Wonder Man." Questions and Answers -(By THE RASKIN SERVICE)Q. "What was the name of the clergyman who baptized George Washington?—I. F. R. A. His identity is not known. Ru< pert Hughes in his life of Washing ton says the church where he was baptized is unknown and the record perished. Another biographer says that Bishop Meade states positively that Washington was baptized at Pope's Creek Church. In the Bible of Washington's mother is an entry indicating that Washington was baptized on April 3 following his birth. This .reckoning is, of course, by the old style calendar. Q. Are there any women serving with the French navy?—R. K. A. The Services Feminlns de la Flotte (Feminine Services of the Fleet) are the French counterpart of the Women's Reserve of the United States Navy. The French Navy has nearly 2000 women serving in North Africa. Q. How many telephones are In operation in the United States?— J. S. E. A. In January, 1944, there were 26,000,000 telephones in service. This is about 10,000,000 more than there were in all Europe at the beginning of the war. Q. Why is shop sometimes spelled shoppe?—K. L. V. A. This is an old form. The word, In the process of its evolution, has been written many different ways. When spelled shoppe, it is pronounced exactly as if it were spelled shop. Q. When was the last case of yellow fever in the United States?— D. D. K. A. There has not been an epidemic of yellow fever since 1905. The last case recorded by the United States Public Health Service occurred on August 23, 1906 at New Iberia, La. Q. What are the qualifications tor obtaining a combat infantryman badge?—J. T. F. A. The combat Infantrymen- badge is awarded'members of the infantry who display exemplary conduct in action against the enemy. Q. Is a presidential nominee given secret service protection?—K. L. B. A. A presidential nominee is not given secret service protection. If the nomine* becomes the president- elect be i* protected by Mcrct •ervlce. Q. Is it economical to allow an automobile to coast downhill?—P. R. A. Automobile manufacturers believe that the cost of wear on brake linings is likely to exceed by far the saving in gasoline. A free driving car is difficult to control and in many states it is illegal to coast downhill in neutral. Q. Are the white squirrels which seem to abound in Olney, 111., albinos?—W. H. A. The white squirrels found !n the United States do not represent a separate species. They are simply an albino specimen of the common gray squirrel. • Q. May Americans enlist in the Canadian Air Force?—I. E. S. A. The Canadian embassy sayi that American citizens are not accepted for enlistment in the Royal Canadian Air Force unless they are resident in Canada. Q. Are there glaciers on Mount Whitney?—C. Me. A. A. According to the United States Geographical Survey there are no glaciers on Mount Whitney. On the east side of the peak, however, large snow banks form each winter. Q. How long has the term Indian summer been in use?—R. E. A. A. No one knows exactly how and when the name originated. It probably came into use in the eighteenth century and seems to have first appeared in print in 1778. t Q. Who was the mythological character who could never be harmed while his feet were on the ground? —N. T. H. A. It was Antaeus, a gigantic wrestler, who was finally killed by Hercules. Q. When is the earth nearest to the sun and when is it farthest away?—L. C. S. A. The earth is closest to the sun about January 3, and most distant about July 4. Q. What Is the Triple Crown In horse racing?—Q. D. A. The Triple Crown consists of three races for 3-year-olds—the Belmont stakes, the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness stakes. A rMdcc cu i»t UM uuwu to any «u«tl<* or fiot tajp wrttlai TU« Hikenlltld California* WonuUw Burtau. 311 Krt eitwt, R * WuUnitw. I Q. C MM •HIM* tkn* (1/7

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