U. S. AIRMEN BAG 58 SHIPS, 89 PLANES IN RYUKYU RAID ******** * * * * * ' # * # AACHEN NAZIS WARNED TO QUIT! THE WEATHER Highest yesterday 80 Low today 5^ Rainfall Weapon (Airport) T Fear ago (Airport) T flnaaon (Land Company) T Year ago (Land Company) T Forecast Tnrrcasinff clourllncHH todny and. tomorrnw with light rniiin over ili<> mountains; scattered showers in valley Wednesday afternoon. Dinner Launches Giant War Chest Campaign, Page 7 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1944 14 PAGES No. 61 Air Blow Delivered 200 Miles From Japan, New Isle Invaded —Callfornian-NEA Telephoto HAVOCS MEAN HAVOC TO JAPS—An A-20 Havoc of United States Army Fifth Air Force flies away from havoc it has just wrought on oil storage tanks at Boela, Ceram island, Netherlands East Indies. Refineries and wells were blasted at vital Jap oil center which produces more than a fifth of Nips' petroleum needs. Army air force photo. RUSSIANS BESIEGE MEMEL, BALTIC PORT, CLOSING TRAP ON 100,000 RED BANNER FLEET PLANES SINK 18 NAZI SHIPS TRYING TO EVACUATE TROOPS FROM VAST POCKET LONDON, Oct. 10. (JPt —The Red Army reached the Baltic sea today south of the Latvian port of Liepaja, Moscow announced tonight. . By HENRT SHAPIRO United Frees Staff Correspondent MOSCOW, Oct. 10.—Soviet armored forces closed in on the hig Baltic port of Memel todny and probably already were storming its outskirts, virtually completing the entrapment of 100,000 or more German troops. (A London broadcast said Russian troops had reached the Baltic coast 20 miles south of Memel.) The Russian thrust toward the Baltic from newly captured Vezai- ciai, 12 miles east of Memel, pinned 10 to 15 battered enemy divisions against the sea in a vast pocket stretching northeast to Riga, dooming them to death, capture or an attempted "Dunkerque" evacuation tinder the guns of Soviet planes and warships. Planes of the Red banner fleet air arm already have sunk 18 enemy vessels presumably attempting to evacuate troops from the Baltic pocket, the Soviet high command reported in its midnight communique. Four transports, six fast landing barges, an escort ship and a coast guard vessel were sunk by torpedo jjlanes Friday night. Two days later, two transports totalling 11,000 tons, a 3000-ton enemy tanker and three motor boats were sent to the bottom. Continued on Page Four Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Df. R. F 4 Artcraft Curtains 5 Arvin Theater 8 Austin Studio 2 Baker Street Barber 3 Booth's 8 Brock's 3, 8, 9 Citizens Laundry 9 Culliton, John W 9 Fllcklnger-Digier la Fox Theaters 8 Frank Meat Company G "Gensler-Lee 13 Granada Theater 8 Harrison's 8 Ivers Furniture . 9 KERN 10 Kern County Musical Assn 5 Kern Co. Republican Committee 4 KPMC 10 Lim, T - ~ 9 Long, Dr. S. C 9 McMahan's 2 Modern School of Dancing 5 Montgomery Ward 4 Nile ~. 8 Phillips Music Co 9 Rlalto Theater _ 8 River Theater r 8 Union Cemetery 7,12 Urner'n 5 Victory Shoe Shop 8 Virginia Theater „ 8 Weill's , 6 Wrestling !_ - 9 FLASHES RACE MEET SET LOS ANGELES, Oct. 10. (UP)— The California Racing Board today granted a license for a 55-day race meek at Santa Anita Park, December 20 through March 13, and extended the Bay Meadows season four additional days, October 23 through October 26. CRASH TAKES TOLL HAMILTON FIELD, Oct. 10. (UR)—A twin-engine army plane crashed into the waters of San Pablo bay today, 2>/i miles south of Hamilton Field, and carried to their deaths an unknown number of occupants, army air force officials reported. There were no survivors. Firm Beachhead Set in Drive to Support Blows at Philippines UNITED STATES FLEET HEADQUARTERS, PEARL HARBOR, Oct. 10. UP)— Sweeping the Ryukyu islands some 200 miles south of Japan and only 500 miles from the China const, carrier planes of the Third Fleet sank or damaged 58 whips and small craft and destroyed S!) planes yesterday, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz announced today. The planes attacked in great force and achieved complete surprise. Admiral Nimitz said. In the first American strike into the islands, Rear-Admiral Halsey's planes attacked every naval and merchant ship they could find and bombed and strafed island installations. By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor United States amphibious troops in the western Pacific have established a firm beachhead on another of the Palau islands—the tenth to be invaded in less than a month. Only light opposition was encountered by soldiers of the Eighty-first Army Division when they landed on Gara- kayo islet and pushed inland, JW-" miral Chester \V. Xitnitz announced last night. Giiraknro is 2 1 /, miles north of Peleliu where United States forces hold a fair fleet anchorage and a rood airfield, both of which will be used to support General MacArthur's forthcoming invasion of the Philippines. Twenty-five Liberators, escorted by fighters, made the first neutralizing strike at Zamboanga, which has been a fortress guarding the southwestern tip of the Philippines since Spanish days. Huge fires were blazing on the waterfront, half a dozen seaplanes destroyed and three small ships set afire. Weather May Delay Nimitz indicated that weather conditions may delay the Philippine invasion. "The typhoons have given us much trouble," he said, and will give the Japanese a defensive advantage until the stormy season ends in December. The admiral expressed concern over the present situation In China. He said, "We must make landings on the China coast in order to secure 30a land base close enough "to bomb Continued on Page Four 70,000 Northern Mechanicsto Strike CLEVELAND, Oct. 10. (UP)—A total of 70,000 members of the Mechanics Educational Society of America will go on strike in 67 Cleveland, Toledo, and Detroit war plants Thursday, Matthew Smith, secretary of the independent union, announced here today. The ordered strike, Smith said, Is a "sympathy" walkout growing out of the labor dispute which completely halted operations at the Cleveland Graphite Bronze Company plant last month until it was seized by the army. The strike was called by M. E. S. A. officials because Elmer Torck, whose discharge for breaking a 75-cent lock prompted the graphite walkout, has not yet been reinstated by the company. Churchill, Stalin Confer on Europe Problem Views MOSCOW, Oct. 10. Off)—Prime Minister Churchill talked with Marshal Stalin for three hours In the Kremlin last night and conferred today with British diplomatic and military staff before starting a second meeting with the Russian premier. , W. Averell Harrlman, United States ambassador, was kept fully informed by the British delegation, although he was not present at the 'Kremlin last night. Churchill was understood to be presenting his views on questions in Europe and elsewhere—views which were said to have been fully endorsed before he left the Quebec conference with President Roosevelt. The latest indications were that his visit would last throughout this week. Rnssiiin Opnoiiition The Briton's presence in Moscow coincided with two important statements in the Russian press. One expressed flat opposition to altering the principal of a unanimous vote by the four major allied powers on the international security council, in case of aggression. The other statement disclosed a Russian plan for developing oil resources in the northern part of Iran. Some fields of Iran (Persia) have been controlled by Britain for more than a century. The country now is occupied jointly by British troops in the south and Russians in the north. One obvious topic of the Churchill- Stalin conversation, was the details of final .defeat and occupation of Germany. Another was the general outline of postwar Europe. The possibility was not excluded that the exchange of opinions would include other, areas of the world. Asks Four-Power Unity Izvestia, praising the Dumbarton Oaks plan for international security, stoutly supported the principle of a unanimous four-power agreement on canes of aggression, declaring: "The experience of the League of Ntaions proved useless, its talk about high purposes without the guarantee of full harmony and co-ordination among the leading powers, both in the adoption of decisions dictated by the Interests of the small nations Continued on Pact Four Fight to Last Man Revealed at Dunkerque NO WHITE FLAG FOR BRITISH DEFENDERS WHO MISSED ESCAPE By FRANK FISIIKK OUTSIDE DUNKERQUE. Oct. 9. (Correct) (UP)—British soldiers who did not escape Dunkerque in 1940 fought to the last bullet rather than surrender, some standing chest deep in the sea, still firing back at the Germans who tried to come down the beaches. Only now can their story be told because for four years the Germans had the people oC Dunkerque in their grip. "There was no white flag at Dunkerque," Robert Vanderaede and Marius Indrieu, French railway workers, recalled today. "British troops there after the last boat had gone fought to the last. They never gave up and they never abandoned their weapons. "The last resistance was Imme. diately east of Dunkerque where a casino overlooks the beaches. "German Stukas went on bombing- little groups here and there when the evacuation ended. Now and then men would still get away from the shore on any old boats that were left. For three days fighting went on near the Fishermen's Quay and there was house to house fighting 1 . "In the last fight at the Casino area British troops ran trucks and cars down to the beaches and used them as a last barricade as they backed into the aea still firing their rifles. t "Even the Germans paid tribute to the enemy. They told the people of Dunkerque 'the English fight like devils.' " "It helped us," the Frenchmen said. ""We never gave up hope •"W lieu * ?"imit;e* k i!01Iai)sed. We remembered how they had fought and we knew you would come back in the end." FUNERAL HELD FOR NUKE MRS. ROOSEVELT, DEWEY ATTEND FINAL SERVICES NEW YORK, Oct. 10—(UP)—Rep. resentatives. great and small, of the "One AVorld" that Wendell L. Willkie envisaged, paid their last tribute to him today at impressive funeral services in the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian church. The body of the one-time homespun Indiana lawyer who became the Republican presidential candidate in»1940, lay in state in the big brownsTone church where at 3 p. m. today Dr. John Sutherland Bonnell will preach the funeral sermon. Some 60,000 persons filed through the church yesterday to pay their final respects. They were, in the main, office workers and laborers. Today's services, by invitation will be attended by Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, representing the Presi. dent, by Governor Thomas E. Dewey and many other dignitaries of this and other nations. The public will be admitted to those seats remaining of the church's 2400. Willkie died early Sunday of coronary thrombosis in Lenox Hill Hospital after he previously had shown improvement in a complication of diseases, colitis and lung congestion. At 6 p. m., a Pennsylvania train will carry Willkie's body toward his home town of Rushville, Ind., 40 miles from Elwood where he was born and where in 1940 he made a speech accepting the Republican nomination for President of the United States. Burial in Rushville will be postponed until Lieutenant (j. g.) Philip Willkie, only child of the Willkies, arrives home from convoy duty somewhere in the Atlantic. Mrs. Willkie, ill from a throat infection kindred to that which contributed to her husband's death, will travel to Rushville with her brother- in-taw, Edward Willkie. Greater Meat Butter Shortages Predicted WASHINGTON, Oct. 10. (UR)—The agriculture department today predicted greater shortages of pork, beef and butter for the remainder of 1944, and reported overall food costs rose 47 per cent betwein August, 1939, and August, 9144. The department's food" forecaster, the bureau of agriculture economics, said that while pork and beef production would increase seasonally, civilians would get less, due to higher military needs. The bureau said there would be even less butter from now until the beginning of the year, but predicted Increased supplies of poultry and plentiful quantities of eggs, fats and oils, most fresh vegetables, fruits, milk and grain products. The War Food Administration announced simultaneously that civilians would receive about 26,500,000 cases of canned citrus fruit juice from the 1944-1945 pack—slightly lens than last year's supply and approximately 65 per cent of anticipated production. Group Gives Up Fight as Reich City Encircled First Army Forges 25-Mile Front for Drive to Cologne, Dusseldorf; Reich Defenders ' Ordered to Fight to Last for "Sacred Soil" SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, PARIS, Oct. 10. <U.E>—The United States First Array called on the German garrison of encircled'Aachen today to surrender within 24 hours or die, and five hours later the first crack in the Nazi defense front appeared when a company in the northwest suburbs offered to give up. BRITISH, GREEKS TAKE COHOH SPRINGBOARD FOR PUSH AGAINST ATHENS WON ROME, Oct. 10. (UP.)—British forces and Greek patriots have captured Corinth, freeing the entire Peloponnesus from Nazi grip, and other British forces are storming Porto Edda, key to south Albania and northern Greece and chief supply port for the strategic icland of Corfu, it was announced today. Capture of Corinth liberated about one-fourth of Greek territory and gave the British a springboard for an advance on Athens, only 48 miles to the east. Clear Albania News of the attack on Porto Edda, scene of heavy fighting in the Greek- Italian campaign in 1940, was the first indication how the campaign o£ British paratropers to clear Albania from the Germans is proceeding. It was not revealed whether fresh forces were landed for the Porto Edda operation or whether the original troops had pushed south there in a fortnight's operations. The attack on Porto Edda was launched at 4 a. m. Monday. Some troops penetrated to the western outskirts of the town. Others reached an unspecified central locality after silencing a battery. A paratroop company captured another battery. More than 100 prisoners were taken. The Porto Edda attack threatened to unhinge the whole already precarious German position in north Greece and Albania. The British and Greek forces pounded into Corinth, key citadel commanding the isthmus linking the Peloponnesus with the mainland, Sunday morning behind the last Germans to flee the southern peninsula comprising a quarter of Greece. Opposition Absent "British forward troops are in Corinth and met no opposition," a communique of the Balkan air force said. "Our forces now are in control of many key points and communications centers on the Peloponnese peninsula. Operations continue." Coincident with the official announcement, United Press Correspondent Robert Vermillion in a'dis- patch from Corinth said the British and Greek forces moved in on the heels of "the last Germans to flee the Peloponnesus." "Yesterday and today the city rang with victory shouts,"Vermillion said, "and for the first time in three years the Greeks were singing and church bells were ringing." Formal Jeep Entry A British jeep made the formal entry of Corinth over roads strewn with flowers and colored mats. The city's normal population of 5000 was swollen by an influx of persons celebrating the liberation. About 250 members of the Greek "Security Battalion"—the pro-.\azi force left behind by the Germans- surrendered at Corinth. The Germans themselves did not even put up a token fight for the gateway to the heart of Greece. To the west, today's communique revealed, British troops of the land forces of the Adriatic were storming Sarande, port at the southwestern tip of Albania. The assault forces penetrated the western outskirts of Sarande yesterday. Allied Bombing of Germany Continues LONDON, Oct. 10. C*)—Numerous Allied war formations flew against the Germans at sunrise today in continuance of the unprecedented daylight aerial offensive after the R. A. F. executed a heavy night attack on the Ruhr Bteel capital of Bochum. The British heavy bombers made a saturation attack on Bochum, a city of 303,000, dumping thousands of fire bombs and a profusion of explosives and set fires which glowed for many miles through layers of clouds and fog. The Nazis had spent a year rebuilding Bochum after the last heavy attack, on September 23. 1943. Some major industries had been placed in working order again. The 24-hour ultimatum demanding that the Nazis surrender or face an annihilating assault was delivered at 10:50 a. m. About 5 p. in. the commander of a company holding mi isolated sector in northwest Aachen notilied the Americans that ho was not sure what the remainder of the garrison was Koinj; to do, but, he was ready to quit. Tentative arrangements were made in negotiations through civilians for the German com puny to march into the American lines in small groups under white flags over a road covered by United States guns as a precaution against treachery. Front dispatches reported the stir- rencler-or-die ultimatum to the Nazi defenders of Aachen coincident with the.shift ofjGenjacal-DiviH'ht T>. -Kinf n hbwor's supreme headquarters from London to Paris. SHAKF authorities at the first press conference here announced that Lieutenant-Genera! Courtney If. Hodges' First Army had cut the Aachen-Cologne Highway northeast of Haaren, a mile north of Aachen, and captured Schaufenberg, a mile east of Alsdorf. The United States Third Army, steadily extending its gains on a 6- mile front in the Moselle valley, captured Letricourt, 5 miles northeast of Nancy, on the second day of a violent street battle. The United States commander told defenders holed up in Aachen that unless the city "promptly and completely surrendered unconditionally. American army ground and air forces will proceed ruthlessly with air and artillery bombardment to reduce it to submission." Aachen is "now completely surrounded" by First Army men, Ids ultimatum said. Earlier today the two Jaws of a doughboy vise had chopped the German escape lane northeast of the city to only a mile in width, and choked it off with curtains of machinegun fire. Canadian troops to the northwest meanwhile shoved forward in drives intended to clear perhaps 15,000 Germans from the Schelde estuary—a prime necessity to open the big port of Antwerp to Allied supplies for th« battle of Germany. Amphibious forces which landed yesterday on the south shore of the Schelde advanced 2»i miles, and the Berlin radio said new forces had landed today. The Canadians in the bridgehead over the Leopold canal struck forward after throwing back 30 Nazi counterattackets in four days. The bottling of Aachen's "fight to the death" defenders came as Lieutenant-General George S. Pulton's United States Third Army snapped a German bulge in the Nancy-Metz sector back into a straight line. Kllminatlon of this Nazi pocket was reported by Associated Press Correspondent Kdnyird *D. Ball, who said Patton'.s Yanks had moved up on both the First and Third army Continued on Page Four MOVES—While American forces today awaited answer to an ultimatum demanding the encircled Nazi garrison in Aachen surrender, news came that General Dwight D. Eisenhower and the supreme Allied headquarters moved today by plane from London to Paris. MUSICIANS DEFY RECOROJEOUEST UNION VOTES AGAINST COMPLIANCE WITH WLB CHICAGO. Oct. 10. (UP.)— The American Federation of Musicians refused today to comply with President Roosevelt's request that the federation lift its ban on the making of recordings for some commercial uses as ordered by the War Labor Board. President James C. Petrillo, of the A. F. L. Musicians Union, said the A. F. M. international executive board had voted against ending the recording strike against the three companies still under the ban—Victor, Columbia, and the National Broadcasting Company's transcription division. Eighty recording companies previously had reached agreements with the union under which they make payments to the union's unemployment fund. Asked by F. D. R. President Roosevelt had asked Petrillo to lift the ban "in the interest of orderly government." The President said that while the union's noncompliance with a War Labor Board order to end the strike did not interfere with the war effort, its continuance might encourage other refusals to abide by WLB orders. Petrillo, in a. telegram to the President, said the union's executive board had voted unanimously to refuse to accept the WLB order. He told the President that the only solution to the dispute would be for the affected companies to make agreements with the union similar to those made by the companies that now are turning out musical records. "This is one of the greatest fights in whicli organized labor ever has been involved," Petrillo's telegram said. "Involves Basic Rights" He said the dispute involves "basic, fundamental rights" and is a fight to preserve free labor as against conscription. "Knowing your position on human rights, we know you would not wan't to impose unjust conditions on thousands of musicians," he told the President. The nine-member board went into closed conference yesterday afternoon to consider the President's telegram to Petrillo in which Mr. Roosevelt said tho removal of the ban would be "your country's gain." The A. F. M. union ignored a June 15 War Labor Board order to lift the ban, which went 'nto effect in January, 1943. following an argument over what Petrillo called displacement of "live musicians" with recordings. He said the large volume of "canned music" was harmful to musicians. Baby Leave Nonsense, Says Lady Astor: Quality Counts LONDON, Oct. 10. (UR)—Take It from Lady Nancy Astor, this "baby leave" business is a lot of nonsense and British women don't want their soldier husbands homo now just lo start raising families. "I think it is just a press stunt. I've never had such a request from a constituent," slit! said In an exclusive and .somewhat hectic interview In the lobby of the House of Commons. The sprightly, Virginia-born Lady Astor, who represents a Plymouth constituency, kept bouncing up from a bench to corral passing M. P.s to corroborate their opinion that British women are not particularly interested in baby leaves. Conservative Disagrees Only one of a half dozen she stopped disagreed with her. The dissenter was Quintin Hogg, a Conservative, who said he had received several requests from men and women to support the drive for bigger families. However, Lady Astor, twirling her lorgnette furiously as she spoke, drew agreement from Sir John Anderson, chancellor of the exchequer, from a couple of Labor members whose names she couldn't remember, and from Colonel Edward Thomas Wickliam, who only recently returned from service in India. "Having a baby in wartime is a difficult business." Lady Astor said. "Most women prefer to wait for peace. "Our birthrate is low, but it Is nothing to worry about. It is quality that counts. The birthrate here always has been low, but look what these insignificant little isles have done for the world. "I had six children myself—that's not many—but modern women realize, that two or three are better." Lady Astor acknowledged that there has been some relaxation of moral standards in Britain because of wartime conditions. "There's much forgiveness of women today, and that's a good thing," she said. "In a way, it is loosening morals, but it is more honest than when a man was permitted to go off with a dozen different women and be forgiven, while the wife was damned IPshe slipped once." Lady Astor said from the viewpoint of the welfare of children, nothing is wo.-se than divorce. "Of course," she added, "I was divorced once myself, but I'm against it." Nominees Agree on U. S. Plan Dewey, Roosevelt Praise Progress Made on League of Nations By United Press Governor Thomas E. Dewey amplifying his stand on international policy said today that Italy must be considered a "friend and an ally, not just a co-belligerent." The Republican presidential candidate's statement issued from his offices shortly before he 16ft Albany for New York City to attend the fuueral of Wendell L. WHlkie, followed his proclamation, of Thursday as Columbus Dny. "We Americans cannot and will not stand by and watch Italy suffer," ho said. "She needs not merely relief. She needs our active friendly help in her fight against Naziism and on behalf of her own freedom. "In the name of our common human heritage, in the name of gratitude, in the name of generosity, we must stand beside Italy today. No other course can serve so well the cause of the United Nations in charting the future ".fFV'filtlftir Nr> nt ber, course could bettor honor the name of Columbus or express our gratitude to him for what he did for all of us." Four weeks before election day, the 1944 presidential campaign con,tinned Tuesday with seeming unity between presidential candidates on vital issues of future United States foreign policy. Both President Roosevelt, the Democratic contender, and Governor Thomas E. Dewey, the O, O. P. nominee, praised the partial agreement on a new League of Nations reached among the big four nations. Dewoy called it "a fine beginning." However Chairman Sidney Hillman of the C. I. O. Political Action Committee declared that Dewey had spurned the European war and all future negotiations with the warring Continued on Page Four ANDREWSDiSE CALLEDJURMISE . DEFENSE BEGINS FINAL SUMMATION OF CASE SALINAS, Oct. 10. OW—Insisting "there's nothing in this case but the wildest and most ridiculous surmises," Attorney Leo Friedman launched his concluding argument to the jury today, confident, he declared, of freeing 37-year-old Mrs. Frances Andrews from a murder charge. Probably on Friday—the thirteenth—the jury of 8 women and 4 men will retire to consider whether Mrs. Andrews shot to death Jay Lovett, 1U. Jealousy Said Motive Yesterday District Attorney Anthony Brazil declared Airs. Andrews did kill him the night of July 15; that jealousy was the motive, that it all was "crystal clear." Today Friedman shouted to the jury, "The state, has failed to prove by one iota of testimony its charge that Mrs. Andrews killed the boy." The question whether young Lovett was murdered or committed suicide, or, if hi! was murdered, by whom, "is ft:ll wide open," Friedman argued. "Story Unchanged" declared that Airs. Andrews hud been subjected "to one of the must insistent, pecking, cross-examinations you will ever hear of," and Insisted she came through thia examination "with her story absolutely unchanged in any important particular. Yesterday Brazil described Mrs. Andrews us a jealous woman who plotted a murder and planned "to write It off as suicide." "She, was playing the role of her life," and "overplayed the role," the prosecutor declared in his five-hour argument to the jury trying the 37-year-old Pennsylvania-born heiress on a charge of murdering handsome Jay T^ovett, 19, near her Carmel valley home last July 15. The case la expected to go to the jury Friday. The defense opens final arguments today. Brazil said early investigation of the case was bungled and declared Mrs. Andrews misled officer* and first witnesses with her eulcld* theory. Then he read • ff point by point the chain of circumstantial evidence which he declared pointed conclusively to Mrs. Andrews a» the slayer. He told of finding of the woman'! gun by Jay's body and belittled her story that he had taken it. Brazil asserted she was jealous of attentions the boy paid to Mrs. Nancy ij, a neighbor.
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