The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on May 7, 2001 · Page 6
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 6

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Salina, Kansas
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Monday, May 7, 2001
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Page 6
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AB MONDAY, MAY 7, 2001 NATION THE SALINA JOURNAL T OKLAHOMA BOMBING Where are they now? NICHOLS By The Associated Press An update on some of the key figures in the Oklahoma City bombing: Terry Nichols In a jail cell blocks from the bombing site while preliminary hearings are conducted for a possible state trial on 160 counts of first-degree murder. Already sentenced to life in prison for federal convictions of conspiracy and involuntary manslaughter In deaths of eight federal law enforcement officers in bombing. Michael Fortier Servin'g a 12-year federal sentence after pleading guilty to having prior knowledge of the bombing plan but not alerting authorities. Also admitted lying to investigators, hiding evidence and trafficking in firearms the government said were stolen to finance the bombing. Aren Almon Kok Mother of Baylee Almon, the dying 1-year-old whose picture in the arms of a firefighter became a lasting image of attack; now the spokeswoman for a private foundation urging the installation of shatterproof glass in buildings. Chris Fields Firefighter shown in Pulitzer Prize-winning photo cradling Baylee Almon's limp body; still a firefighter in Ok- FORTIER File photo Oklahoma City fire Capt. Chris Fields carries 1-year-old Baylee Almon away from the Murrah Building in this Pulitzer Prize-winning photo taken by Charles Porter IV. Baylee later died and her mother became an activist after the bombing. lahoma City Recently joined Aren Almon Kok to announce new safety windows at local Head Start facility. Charles Porter IV Amateur photographer who won a Pulitzer Prize for the picture of Baylee Almon; worked in a downtown bank at the time. Accepted last year to a three-year physical therapy program at Hampton Uni­ versity in Virginia. Brandon and Rebecca Denny Two of six children in the federal building's day-care center who survived the blast. Brandon, 9, spent months in the hospital with severe brain injuries; still has trouble gripping with his right hand. Rebecca, 8, carries scars. Father Jim Denny, political novice. announced candidacy for Oklahoma governor in December. Stephen Jones Represented McVeigh in the federal trial; now in private practice in Enid, Okla. Wrote a 1998 book theorizing the bombing was the result of an international JONES conspiracy Maintains McVeigh was a patsy who claimed sole responsibility to protect Nichols from possible murder trial in Oklahoma. McVeigh unsuccessfully tried to get new trial, in part by claiming Jones provided inadequate defense. Charlie Hanger Oklahoma Highway Patrol trooper who pulled McVeigh over for a missing license plate 90 minutes after the bombing; now in the patrol's criminal intelligence unit in Oklahoma City Hanger ordered McVeigh out of the car at gunpoint after noticing a bulge in his jacket. Has largely ayoided the public eye since the bombing, except for occasional appearances before law enforcement groups around the country. Bud Welch Outspoken opponent of death penalty since his 23- year-old daughter, Julie, was killed in the bombing. Speaks against capital punishment at engagements across the country, including an appearance at 7 p.m. Thursday at St. Mary's Grade School, Salina. In 1998, met McVeigh's father, Bill. Preaches forgiveness for Timothy McVeigh, but would like him to express remorse for the bombing. T MILITIA MOVEMENT T FEDERAL DEATH ROW Federal executions may proliferate McVeigh is one of 20 inmates in line to die at Indiana prison By REX W. HUPPKE Tiie Assoc id I I'd Press TERRE HAUTE, Ind. — The planned execution of Timothy McVeigh will leave 19 other men in the cramped cells of federal death row, all wondering if his fate will someday be their own. "There certainly is a psychological barrier that will be passed on May 16," attorney Gregory Wiercioch said. "To start up the machinery of the federal deatli penalty after it's been lying dormant for four decades. It may make it easier for the next one to take place." That next execution may well be Wiercioch's client. Juan Garza, a convicted drug kingpin and murderer, is set to die by lethal injection June 19, a little more than a month after McVeigh. As Garza's legal team fights fi )r clemency or a delay, Wiercioch said it was ludicrous to compare McVeigh's situation to anyone else on death row. McVeigh was found guilty of one of the most heinous crimes in American histoi'y, the Oklahoma City federal building bombing that killed 168 people. His fellow inmates are guilty of lower-profile crimes, most involving drug-related murders or murders committed during bank robberies or carjackings. Fourteen of the remaining 19 federal prisoners facing death sentences ai'e black and three are Hispanic. All that, say Wiercioch and other death penalty opponents, points to a federal death penalty system tliat is not being used fairly or consistently. "YouVe got a death row that is almost all minority" said Elisabeth Semel, director of the American Bar Association's Death Penalty Representation Project. "What are the reasons File photo Twenty prisoners, including Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh, are waiting on death row at the U.S. Penitentiary in Terre Haute, Ind. for that? The system is broken, and the only way to ensure that it gets fixed is to stop it." Last execution in 1963 The last federal prisoner executed was Victor Feguer, hanged in 1963 for kidnapping and murdering an Iowa doctor. His was the last of 34 federal executions from 1927 to 1963. The others, including two women, were of inmates convicted of rape, murderer, spying and sabotage. Six Nazi officers who landed in the United States intending to sabotage factories were executed in 1942, all on the same day. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted of relaying American nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union, were put to death in 1953 at Sing Sing State Prison in New York. Then, as now, the death penalty had its opponents. John'Ely Jr., a former Iowa legislator, was at Feguer's hanging, held at the Iowa State Pen­ itentiary, hoping to gain publicity for his stance against the death penalty. "This was going to be the beginning of the end of capital punishment," said Ely, 82, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Ely recalled watching Feguer, his head wrapped in a black hood, swinging from the gallows. He said Feguer's final words were: "I hope mine is the last execution." For years it seemed like it would be. In 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that state, and in turn federal, execution procedures were unconstitutional. It wasn't untU 1988, during the explosion of crack cocaine use, that the federal death penalty was brought back, narrowly applied to cases of murder in the course of a drug kingpin conspiracy "Fresh" Ideas for Mother's Day! . r/ie f/OM/gr Nook 208 E. Iron / 785-827-0351 1-800-499-NOOK "Hovi, Then, Shall We Live?" Wayne Muller is a therapist, public speaker, minister and author of How. Then. Shall We Live? which examines four simple questions that reveal our natural, inner abundance and liberate our ability to be joyfully kind and helpful in our families and community. Wayne has been featured on Oprah Winfrey, PBS and CNN. Experience the wonder of Wayne Muller! An evening with Wayne Muller Monday, May 7th, 7:00 to 9:00 p.m. First Presbyterian Church, 308 S. Eighth Free to the community Child care available. Call CAPS at 825-4493 McVeigh has hurt militia movement Most members have quit or are in hiding since '95 bombing By MARK SHAFFER The Arizona Republic PHOENIX — Eric Frizzell fondly remembers the heady days of the Yavapai Militia. More than 100 people from Black Canyon City to Chino Valley would gather twice a month to watch high-tech doomsday videos or grainy, black and white video of the Bataan Death March. They would create a stir among sheriff's dispatchers in Prescott by launching war games. They reveled in new weapons and old war stories. Heck, Frizzell said, he even rose to the rank of general in one militia group he was affiliated with in Florida. Outrage flared after Randy Weaver's wife and son were shot to death by government agents at Ruby Ridge in Idaho and David Koresh's flock was incinerated near Waco, Texas. Then, Timothy McVeigh, who had once visited Prescott seeking guidance in forming a militia in the Kingman area, bombed the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City in 1995. A year later, federal agents busted 12 members of a Valley militia group, the Vipers, on conspiracy, weapons and explosives charges. "The whole militia movement in this state just basically disintegrated into chaos after that," said Frizzell, a Cordes Junction telemarketer. "Most people just got out, and the rest went so far underground that they haven't been heard from since." A common theme Which has pretty much been the story of militias nationwide. McVeigh's desire to be the Lexington of the next American Revolution has instead led to the demise of the movement, those who study militias say But that's not the only reason. The Republic of Texas and Montana Freemen movements were brought to their knees after numerous arrests and long prison sentences for their leadership. "The whole militia movement in this state just basically disintegrated into chaos after that." Eric Frizzell Arlzonan on the militia movement following the Oklahoma City bombing Cas Mudde, an expert on in^ ternational right-wing movements and a political science professor at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, said the worst fallout for U.S. militias is that they were abandoned by "sizable moderate elements" in the aftermath of Oklahoma City and the other re: cent problems. "The militia movement lost its fairly good reputation," Mudde said. "There is little chance it will regain it, either, as Oklahoma stands out as a defining event in recent U.S. history and anything related to the militia movement will inevitably be linked to Oklahoma and McVeigh." According to the Southern Poverty Law Center of Montgomery, Ala., which monitors the country's hate groups, the number of militia Web sites decreased by 50 percent in 1999 and many of those that remained had not been updated in years. The law center, which documented 27 militia groups in Arizona in 1996, now says only five remain. Donald "Mac" MacPherson, a Valley attorney who has represented tax protesters and militia members in the past, says that even acknowledging five militias in Arizona is overstating the situation. "It's all quiet on the Western front. I haven't heard of any active militia groups in Arizona," MacPherson said. Once-infliiential militia leaders in Arizona and Nevada such as former Phoenix policeman Jack McLamb, former Vietnam Green Beret Bo Gritz and former Arizona legislator Jerry Gillespie have ail left the area for Idaho, he said. Chinese ® Restaurant New Ownership • New Flavor Buffet Free on Your Birthday With Paying Guests .'l.D. Proof Required* Hours: Mon.-Thurs, 11 a.m. - 9 p .m. • Fri .-Sat. 11 a.m.-10 p .m. • Sun. 11 a.m.- 9 p .m. 640 Westport Blvd.* Salina, KS 67401' 785-827-6400 Don H be left out! Hearing loss is isolating! EARCARE BREAKS THROUGH THE HIGH PRICE BARRIER!! 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