The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on January 26, 1968 · Page 5
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 5

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, January 26, 1968
Page 5
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On Missco Farms By Keith Bilbrey, County Agent Soybeans continue to be. How can you increase soy- wan yields into the 50 or 60 oushcls per acre range? I have found no "secrets"' yet that will help to break the yield oarrier. I have read the production listory from every man in the country who has been recognized as a high yield producer. 1 can't find that any of them do very much differently than any of our North. .Mississippi County farmers. About 52 bushels per acre is the highest yield I've seen in a, the job. The supplying of one needed nutrient without meet, ing other deficiences may actually reduce yields.' "Carter pointed out two examples in Poinsett county where this latter situation occurred: "Last winter Austin Barr, a rice and soybean farmer near Harrisburg, limed about one- half of a low fertility field and left the other half untreated. The limed area averaged seven bushels of soybeans per acre in 1967; the unlimed part averaged 11 bushels. Carter said differences in the soybeans could be .... - . - , his country; at least these are | observed "to the row" prior to the highest yields that were harvesting. At and just prior to measured and proven to me. The January publication of maturity, the limed beans showed severe potash deficiency and - , V, , uvu-n. H uLoau ueilUK the National Soybean. Im- i ea f disease symptoms bean barrier has been broken' f ^M/i-* 1 1"? ^ on many farms. The trouble is, *~ l1 . ' taken ln Member, no one knows how it was done." The National Plant Food In- 1967, showed the field to be very low in both phosphorous and potassium BlythtvHle (Ark.) Cmirltr Kewg - Frld»y, J MU> ry », m - Pa* ™*^"*" ' " ' MMMM Which Bean Is The Best Bean MISSOURI MULES are old reliables when sub-freezing temperatures put heavy machinery out of action. Farmer Anthony Mullerus guides a team on his farm in Beliefontaine. Mo- dustry seems to be putting a lot "Tho llm^ 1 J „ , of extra emphasis on the value I 6 „ l^Z T !?" a pH ° f of fertilizing soybeans. It's nat-1 *A, a " d ?f ,, unhmed area 5 - 9 ^^^ 1 ^!cl B St^i I S ica. This'ifa greTfutUre mar'- vL^^'i."! I! 8 "' of the . . . .. .*.... increased rvifaoi, deficiency and ket for the fertilizer industry, if we can learn how to get , w ,.-;- .-. • profitable responses from fer-15*' llmm / put a greater tilizing soybeans. i Stress or demand u P° n «* very Arkansas research shows that asln S ' ne availability of soil soybeans,responded very well!?S h ? rol!s and P ossiblv ' to direct applications of phosphorus and-or potash, on the very low fertility soils. A lot of these soils are found in the rice belt. These soils show a much lower level of phosphorus arid potash than we ever see in north Mississippi county soil tests. Do you remember H. H. Carter, -former assistant county extension agent here? He was a soils major and did some very fine work while in north Mississippi county. Carter is now county extension agent in Poju- sett County, Harrisburg, and is continuing to do excellent work. Carter has some of this low fertility soil in parts of Pemiscot county. He has studied the soybean yield problems on this type soil and has written an excellent article on some of the results. I'd like to repeat for . you his news release of lasl week on this subject: " 'A complete long-term soil fertility program is needed on •low fertility soils if high yields and profits are to be expected .from soybeans,' according to H. H. Carter, county Extension adds, 'A hit-and-miss proposition will not get the job done, and can do more harm than good. Nothing less than a fertility program based upon systematic soil testing, that gives consideration to possible needs for lime, phosphate, potash, and molybdenum, will do agent. "He "Carter further illustrated what imbalance of plant nutrients can do to yields by relating the results of a soybean fertilizer demonstration conducted in 1960 and 1961 on the J. B. Huber farm near Weiner. The application of 60 pounds of potash or 50 pounds of phosphate plus 50 pounds of potash incrased yields over the check by:7.5-bushels-per acre. Average yield of the check was 20 bushels. "Carter quoted some published work from the state of Mississippi demonstrating the need for a "complete and long-term" soil fertility program for soybeans on low fertility soils. The study was a four-year '(1963-66) fertilizer trial conducted on a Falaya silt loam, a somewhat poorly drained bottomland Soil that occurs on either side of Crowley's Ridge in Poinsett county.and some other Arkansas counties. Soil tests results showed a pH level of 5.3 and low phosphate and potash lev- " -- • --- -• ..... ==^— _ — . ,, -^ TT gr— p_- — ._. _ FARM NEWS and Forecast Erosion Before it Starts The formation of gullies along culture in Mississippi county the drainage ditches in Missis- can be attributed to the drain- sippi county .continues to cause age system. This system de- concern for local area farmers, I pends entirely on the mainte- according to conservation au nance of our large outlet ditch- thorities. These gullies ar caused by the rapid runoff o rain water as its seeks an out let, Uncontrolled, this form o erosion leads to the loss of ton of fertile, productive soil from our farms each year. Do farm ers in this area know w ft a . small uncontrolled gullies can develop into? Besides allowing tons of soil to .be washed into our'outlet'ditches, they presen serious cultivation problems. Much of the success of agri- els. "In the test, four treatments 0-0-0, 0-0-0. plus molybdenum 0-60-60, and 0-60-60 plus molybdenum was superimposed upon limed and unlimed treatments. Four - year average yield results were as follows: The check of no fertilizer treatent on unlimed soils yielded 20 busli. els per acre. The 0-60-60 treat ment without lime or molybde- TEMPERATURES tium gave no increase in yield. Without phosphate and potash, the' three treatments of lime, molybdenum, or lime and moly- bdenu gave 4 to 6 bushels in- plus 0-60-60 (phosphate and potash) gave good yield increases; but highest yields occurred fertilizer (0-60-60) were all used 36.5 bushels per acre, or about a 16-busheI increase over the check..Highest yields occurred when .all required .nutrients were supplied on this acid, low fertility soil." es. Without the ditches and the outlets which they provide, t'iie drainage system will not work and serious flood damage wil result, say soil conservationists. These ditches are constantly beipg filled up or blocked by silt from adjoining farmlands. The local Drainage District is spending tremendous sums. of money" to dredge ou silt bars. The proper installation of pipe drops .or drop : inlet structures could be the' answer to this erosion problem. These structures provide a controlled inlet 'or water to enter the outlet, and greatly reduce the loss by erosion. Qver 2000 of these structures, have been installed )y local farmers through the assistance of their Soil Conservation District. This is. only a >eginning. The Mississippi County Soil and Water Conservation Dis- rict, the Soil Conservation Service, and the local Drainage Dis- rict stand ready to assist farm-' Growers Importers Clash WASHINGTON (AP) - Cot- ion growers clashed with cotton importers and a government economist Wednesday on a touse-pas'sed bill to curtail Egyptian and Sudanese cotton mports. "For nearly 50 years we have >een attempting to secure equal treatment with Egypt in competing for the domestic market," said Fred Enke, president of the Arizona Cotton Growers Association of Phoenix. He told a Senate agriculture subcommittee that during that period Congress had given the growers "two or. three small assists, over the protests of the Department of State, but essentially the situation has been that foreign suppliers, . especially Egypt, have had first crack at the domestic market.'' The bill would permit U.S. growers of long-staple cotton, mostly in Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico, to greatly increase their production U.S. producers' supply only half of the: about John C. Worthington Assistant County Extension Agent North Mississippi County Do you have your soybean seed for planting this spring? If not, stop and study each field's individual problems. Is it a heavy clay soil with poor internal drainage, and maybe have a history of phytophthora root rot? The answer, according to the county extension service is the Davis soybean! Davis is an excellent bean for gumbo ground in which internal drainage and phytophthd- 'ra root rot are a problem. An assistant count agent just completed a' study of die new Davis soybean involving 23 growers in' North Mississippi County. They are in complete agreement that Davis does everything said about it and maybe a little more. Here are some of their comments: "Beans stood up good and easy to combine." "Good bean for the territory." "Davis made 5 to 7 bushels more per acre than Lee or Ogden." "Planted Hills and Davis on the same day following wheat. 140,000 bales of long-staple cotton used here annually. Grover C. Chappell, economist in the Agriculture Department, which opposes the bill, said world production of extra- long-staple cotton averages between 1.8 million and 2 million bales, with the United Arab Republican, Sudan and Peru growing 93 per cent and the United States growing about four per cent. The United States could increase its production of extra- long-staple, cotton, Chappell said, but 'prices for U.S. cotton usually are relatively high and some U.S. mills report that they need the longer staple lengths which must be imported from other countries." The Hills made 11 bushels per acre, and the Davis made 22.5 ' bushels per acre." "Stands up good — better than Lees." "They stood in water, didn't hurt them as it did the Lees." Beginning with those farmers in Blytheville, here are the 23 Davis growers, some of whom have surplus seed to sell; C. H. Gaines, Bobby Jackson, Smith and Wallace Farms, B. E. Hawkins, John West, Henry Jann, irgil Stewart, Joh" Gann, and I Armorel, Billy Brown; in Dell, John Stevens Jr. and Blain Turney; in Roseland, W: L. Wllborn; Lost Cane, Brycr Grant and Donald Veach; Gjjfr- ell, Jolly Leggett and Woc4-" row Cook; Yarbro, Charier Haynes. jj.' r . In Clear Lake, Herbert Wilson, J. L. Gurley, John H. Timmons, and John Haynes • and in Burdette, Hayes T. Sullivan.: The couty extension service will be glad to help farmers in the area locate some Davis soybean seed for planting if none can be found, so come by & extension office or call PO !••' 2075 for further iormation. E X P E C T E D PR E CI PI TAT IO h The South should get above-normal precipitation, M most of the rest of the nation will be normal to dry. ers who are interested in preventing this heavy loss of productive soil • and resulting expensive dredging operations. Through these agencies, much of the. siltation of our outlet ditches can be prevented. It is a task which will involve all farmers: To be involved in the conservation of God's gift of his land is a duty that helps secure the future. It is an involvement that cannot be shirked. Leach vide Youth Granted Membership David Wildy, 14, Leachville, has been granted a junior mem bership in the American Angus Association at St. Joseph, Missouri, announces Glen Bratcher, secretary. This new junior membership entitles the member to register purebred Angus at regular membership rates and to the privileges of the Association until ttie age of 21. At that tiirje junior members are eligible \to convert to lifetime membe : r- ships in the Association. ""^^^^^^^••••^•••••^^•^^•^••^^•••M For expert tractor care see our skilled service specialists Normal or above-normil temperatures are forecait for most ol the CMabr wtta coWer weather !• tome south- Berry's Welding Shop MANILA, ARKANSAS Phone 561-3239 ' • Arc & Acetylene Welding • Portable Welding Equipment • Plow Repair & Sharpening • Fertilizer Feet Repairs • Hard Surfacing • Custom Steel Fabrication i Tare's a tot about your tractor only they know! H(*to»^»e«ngfnerfyoiKJoh«Da6raTra(^...hawtoac^eflgf« •peed*... how to clean and adjust Diesel fuel >yjtwm~our experienced JotM Deere mechanics are beat equipped to handle critical tasks like irises. 'Thanhs to long yean of training, uptodate shop manuals, and specialized tools and test equipment, they know how to diagnose and eormot troubles hi a hun> Result you e*Tn fttH nonepower, peak efficiency Hfc«*ew perform, anee. Right now is a good time to take advantage of the know-how of our •killed aeriM tpemljg^ Mahs M appoMmtnt fervour Motor-no* MISSCO IMPLEMENT CO. WANT rat SMI FURNITURE HOUSEHOLD GOODS WANTED TO BUT 800 SO. DIVISION PHONE PO 1-4434 MOBILE HOMES RENTALS « SALES Blytheville Courier News

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