The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 9, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Monday, October 9, 1944
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CARDINALS WIN WORLD SERIES IN FINAL VICTORY YANKS CLAMP DEATH GRIP ON AACHEN: NARROW ESCAPE GAP * Force-Backed Peace League Plans Told THE WEATHER Hlsh yesterday 7(i Low today ™ 52 Rainfall Season (Airport; ™.™.. T Year agu (Airport) T Season (Land Company) T Year ago (Land Company) T ' Foreraxt Fair wenther with few liisrh clipiirtn, rising afternoon temperatures. Kern War CKest Drive Starts Today, Page 9 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, MONDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1944 14 PAGES No. 60 Cards Triumph, 3to1 3-Run Burst Takes Championship for Southward's Charges SPORTSMAN^ PARK, ST. LOUIS, Oct. 9. to—The St. Louis Cardinals won the 1944 World Series today, four games to two, when they defeated their intra-city rivals, the Browns, 3 to lj,.m..tUe sixth game on two unearned runs. The fielding which carried the Bro-.vns to their first American League championship crocked open in the fourth inning nnd the Cardinals took advantage of it to score the runs which decided the million- dollar series. Max Ltinier. chunky southpaw, with the aid of a sterling relief performance by Ted Wilks, made the runs hold up and the Browns got only three hits—all of them off Htarter Lanier, who received credit for the victory. Once again, as in the second fiaine of the series, Nelson Potter was the victim of fielding lapses on the part of his infield. The Cardinals got to Potter, Bob Muncrief nnd Jack Kramer for 10 hits, with three of them coming during their three-run rally. The hitless wonders of the American League gave Potter a one-run lead in the second Inning when Chet Laabs tripled and scored on George McQuinn's single. " ' FIRST INNING Browns—Gutteridge fouled the third pitch to Sanders. Kreevich struck out on a low curve ball. Moore, after working the count to three and two, was called out on strikes. No runs, no hits, no errors, none left. Cardinals—Lltwhiler struck out on three pitches. Hopp popped the first pitch to Gutteridge near second base. Musial grounded out, Gutteridge to McQuinn. No runs, no hits, no errors, none left. Continued on Page Two Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 4 Acme Finance Co 5 Arvin Theater 11 Atz-Smith Furniture Co 5 Austin Studio 3 Bakersfleld Hospital Supplies.... 5 Booth's 4 Brock's 3 Brundage Pharmacy 5 Citizens Laundry 5, 8 Clark, Dr. J. Ray 5 Coffee, Harry 2, 5, H Culliton, John W 8 Economy Beauty Shop 7 Edwards, Dr. E. P 4 Flicklnger-Digier 18 Food City 3 Pox Theaters 11 Garrison's Dress Shop 5 Globe Drug Store 5 Granada Theater Greenlawn Cemetery. Ivers Furniture Kern Co. Republican Committee KERN KPMC LeRoy Gordon Beauty Lim, T Lois—House of Beauty.. Long, Dr. S. C.... Mortensen. Walter Mr. and Mrs. of Radio New City Cleaners Nile Nora's Beauty Salun. Pennington, Dr. L. R Phillips Music Co Ralph's Shoe Shop Rlalto Theater. Salon... JTame River Theater «. Roux, Irene, Beauty Salon Southern Kitchen 5 Stauffer System 5 Union Cemetery 9, 13 Vacollte - 5 Virginia Theater 11 Weill's 8 Wickersham's & World Security Charter Given Proposals Resulting From Dumbarton Oaks Conference Include Policy-Making Assembly, Economic, Social Council of 18 Nations Hy K. H. SHACKKORD WASHINGTON, Oct. 9. OLE)—The big lour nations, determined that "the sacrifices of this war shall not be in vain," today unveiled a still-to-be-completed charter for a world peace organization backed by the armed might of its members and empowered to call on special air force units for "urgent military measures." The proposed organization would be called "the* United Nations." Briefly,-it would consist of a policy-making general assembly of all peace- loving nations; an economic and social council of 18 nations to deal with "buiiinnitnrian" aspects of internntionnl relations; a world court of justice; and a security council of 11 nations—including the United States, Great Britain, Hussia, China, and "in due course," France as permanent members— whose primary responsibility would be maintenance of peace through pacific, economic or military means. The recommendations did not go into the vital matter of just how the security council would order "the United Nations" military power into action in the event of a threat to peace. Voting Procedure Still to be resolved, presumably at "higher levels," is the all-important issue of voting procedure in the security council if one of the permanent members should become a party to a dispute. The question to be answered is: Could such a member veto the decisions of the others? "The United Nations" would not be merely an emergency organization to function only when world peace was jeopardized by overt aggression. It would concern itself with fundamental economic, social, and other "humanitarian" stresses and strains. It also would concern itself— through the security council—with plans for regulation of armaments so that international peace and security could be promoted "with the least diversion of the world's human and economic resources for armaments." Would Direct Use Individual members of "the United Nations" would contribute their air. naval, and military strength according to criteria and procedures yet to be agreed upon. The security council would direct the use of these forces through an international high command—"a, military staff committee"— composed of staff repre- aenatives of the council's five permanent members. The recommendations unveiled to- Continued on Page Four DEWEY PRAISES WORK ONLEAGUE CANDIDATE POINTS OUT CHINA'S CONDITION ALBANY, N. V., Oct. 9. <U.R>—Gov- ernor Thomas E. Dewey, commenting on the postwar peace work of the "big four" nations at Dumbarton Oaks, said today it was "a fine beginning in a momentous task" but that there is "much still to be done." The Republican presidential nominee, who has been kept fully informed of the work of the British, Russian, Chinese and American foreign experts, said "all peace-loving people must rejoice that we have found so large an area of agreement about world organization for peace." Voting Decision Needed "The unanimous recommendations open the way to the next step," he added. "We must find agreement as to voting- rights within the council, particularly in case one of the permanent members of the council is itself involved in controversy. \Ve must seek the views of other nations who will be members." Dewey said that "not only the great but the small nations,'' must have a full share in shaping the peace structure, "if it is to work," and that the reaction of other nations should be obtained as soon as possible. "Then there must be drafted the definite treaty establishing the new organization and that in turn must be submitted to the member states for adoption," he asserted. I'nity for Peace "There is thus much still to be done and we should push forward steadily to it. The structure we plan derives from the present war coalition of more than 30 united nations. We must take advantage of that mood of common purpose to assure continuing unity for peace. This makes it important to act promptly Continued on PaKe Two Condolence Notes Pour in on Wendell Willkie's Death NEW YORK, Oct. !>. OW—The body of Wendell L. Wlllkie, whose death yesterday brought messages of sympathy from many parts of th"e "one world" in which he took such a vital Interest, will lie in state at the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church from 2 p. m. today until funeral services at 3 p. m. tomorrow. The man who polled 22,333,801 votes for President in 1940. when he was the Republican candidate, died at 2:20 a. m. yesterday at Lenox Hill Hospital, which he entered September 6 for a rest and physical checkup. Heart Affected He contracted a streptococcic throat Infection last Wednesday which nf- fected the heart muscles. Death resulted from coronary thrombosis. The public will be permitted to view the body at the church from 2 p. m. until midnight. His family said the body of the 52-year-old former public utility executive would be sent to Rushville, Ind., where burial will be In the family plot. The date of frurlal will be determined by the return of Mr. Willkie's son. Lieutenant (j. K.) Philip Willkie, United States Naval Reserve, now on convoy duty in the Atlantic. Mr. Willkie died quietly in his sleep after he had suffered three heart attacks. With him were his wife, who also had been ill with a sore throat; Dr. Alexander Ghisellri, a throat specialist; Dr. Benjamin Salzer, his personal physician; and Lamoyne Jones, his secretary. K. Di R. Message Thousands of messages of sympathy deluged the family. President Roosevelt said: "The nation will long remember Wendell Willkie as a forthright American. ... In this hour of grave crisis the country loses a great citizen through his untimely death." Mr. Willkie's death-left without a definite answer one of the moot questions of the 1944 presidential campaign—which candidate, if either, he intended to endorse. Preference Withheld Only a few days before he was hospitalized, Mr. Willkie said in an Interview with an Associated Press reporter: "I imagine I will express a preference, but first 1 want to see how the campaign unfolds and study the positions the candidates take." And he added: "Honestly, If the election were to be held tomorrow, I don't know whom I would vote for." If he reached a decision since, he never said BO publicly. A one-time Democrat, the plainspoken Hoosier captured the Rcpub- Continued on Pace Four Reds Trap 15 Nazi Divisions Big New Offensive Cuts Off Enemy Forces North of Memel Port LONDON, Oct. 9. GB—Soviet assault forces fought their way today to within 12 miles of Memel, the East Prussian seaport, the Russian communique reported. MOSCOW, Oct. 9. UP)— A powerful new Russian offensive, surging 62 miles through the wavering German Baltic- front, appeared today to have virtually cut off at least 15 German divisions north of the port city of Meitfel, while Soviet columns invading Hungary from Rumania were re- portid within 72 miles of Budapest. The Baltic breakthrough on a 175- mile front west of Siiiuliiil in Lithuania, a Soviet communique said, enveloped over 2000 populated places in four days and carried to within 25 miles of Memel, presaging a quick capitulation of that port and a thrust southward on the German soil of East Prussia. The Russians destroyed the backbone of a force of more than 800 German tanks and 200 self-propelled guns and captured large numbers of prisoners, with the German dead and wounded mounting to several thousands, Pravda reported. It appeared that the Nazis—with this significant loss—may have con- Continued on Pagi- Two ALLIES REPORTED NOW BRITISH, GREEK FORCES MOP UP PELOPONNESUS ROME, Oct. 9. (URI—British invasion forces and Greek partisans were reported mopping up isolated German and Quisling units in the Peloponnesus today and unconfirmed reports said the Allies had reached Corinth, 43 miles west of Athens, and found the city abandoned by its Nazi garrison. Headquarters withheld all information on the progress of the ground forces and there was no immediate comment on the reported advance to Corinth. Allied troops were about 44 miles west of the ancient city Saturday, moving down the south shore of the Gulf of Corinth. Another Allied spearhead captured the seaport of Navplion, 25 miles south of Corinth. F LA SHE S GERMANY BOMBED LONDON, Oct. 9. MB—Another great armada of 2000 American planes, resuming the battering of Germany after the hardest blows of the war over the weekend, soared deep into the Reich today and attacked military objectives in the Schwelnfurt, Cohle'nz and Mainz areas. "STREET CAR" WKAI'ONS WITH THE UNITED STATES FIRST ARMY IN GERMANY, Oct. 9. (UP)—American engineers sent two "secret weapons" into the German lines before Aachen last night and today. They were street cars loaded with shells, and dynamite which the Germans abandoned in the Aachen stat<- foiest, along with a number of cars which used to ply between hotels In the forest and Aachen. "^ FINNS TAKE KEMI STOCKHOLM, Oct. 9. (UP)—A Helsinki communique anounced today the capture of Kemi, last German-held port on the Gulf 01' Bothnia, by Finnish troops who were pursuing the Nazis northward along the Kemi River. ** "** 11 '"""Swotow South „ „ China Hong Kong c HAINAN mm PHILIPPINE IS. CHURCHILL, EDEN VISIT MOSCOW EXPECTED TO DISCUSS QUEBEC CONFERENCE YANKS SCORCH EARTH IN CHINA-Map tells the story of the United Nations' defeat by Japs in China that is causing n crisis in Sinn-United States relations. Under the relentless .Jap drive to cut. China in hall', American air bases, most of them built by the blood and sweat of thousands of Chinese men, women and children, have been abandoned and destroyed by the United States air forces. Thousands of tons of supplies, vitally-needed ammunition and bombs, tons of precious aviation gasoline, all flown "over the hump" at great cost in manpower and materiel, were put to torch by General Chennault's men. Map shows airfields given up to Japs, with broad arrows indicating enemy's prime objective—juncture of northern and southern forces. Chinese troops today are dug in for n. "Stalingrad" defense of strategic Kweilin. Chinese recaptured a village 15 miles southeast of Foochow. last Chinese-held port, which the Japanese claim to have captured. STRONG U.S. BATTLE FORCE SHELLS MARCUS, SILENCES NIP BATTERIES GERMAN RADIO SAYS KOROR RAIDED BY 1000 PLANES; 12,233 JAPS KILLED IN PALAUS By LEONARD M1I.LIMAN AS.H<M iu led I'IVH.S \\';ir Ivlih.r A strong United Slates battle force stood oil' Japan's tiny Marcus island all day yesterday and with "deliberate nnd destructive gunfire;'' silenced "the greater part of the coast defense butteries." Neither Admiral Chester W, Nimitz' surprise announcement early today nor a previous report by Tokyo mtido mention of pluncs attacking or defending the outpost .island ll.'!5 miles southeast of Tokyo. Shore defenses anil installations were heavily damaged by tin: bombardment, which Tokyo said included the Ill-Inch guns of United Slates battleship.". The attack was carried out by units of Admiral William I 1 '. Halsey's Third Fleet, which has been pounding the Philippines and Hie 1'alau islands. Koror Reported Raided The German Transocean news agency said that over the week end about 1000 American planes raided Koror, administrative center of Japanese mandated islands situated in the heart of Palau, In the conquest of nine southern Palau islands, marines and soldiers have killed 12,233 Japanese and captured 225 since they first landed September 15. Admiral Nimitz announced last night that ground troops advancing behind Corsair planes dropping 1000- pound bom'bi made small gains against the only remaining pocket of Japanese on 1'eleliu, largest of the conquered Islands. 25 Vt-Hscls Smashed Bombers putroling sea lanes south of the Philippines sank or damaged 2G Japanese coastal vessels and small craft, hit seaplanes at iSamboanga, and lashed again at the vital Balik- pupan oil center on Borneo Tokyo claimed a surprise Japanese air .-aid on the Superfortress base at Chengtu In northwest China destroyed 44 American planes, ijiclud- Continueil on'Pace Two Columbus Day Radio Talk WASHINGTON, Oct 9. (UP)— President Roosevelt, at the request of Secretary of State Cordell Hull, will address the 2') other American republics by radio for about 10 minutes" fin Columbus Day, October 12. the White House announced today. Presidential Secretary Stephen T. lOai'ly said tho ambassadors, ministers and other representatives of the various Central and South American republics will be Invited to attend the broadcast, which probably will be made from the diplomatic reception room at the White House. The address will be non-political, Early said. There was no immediate elaboration on the purposes or nature of the speech. STAR'S FATHER DIES MRX1CO CITY, Oct. 9. UP)—Eugene L. Falkeiiburg, of Los Angeles, father of Hob Falkenburg. United States junior singles tennis champion, now In the army, and of motion picture actress Jinx Falkenburg, died today at the Hotel Reforma, from a heart attack. Canadians Land on Schelde Bank Allies Make Amphibious Landing West of Antwerp; Seventh Army Drives to 8 Miles From Belfort; Nazi Escape Gap Narrowed LONDON, Oct. 9. G 2 ?)—The United Stales First Army clamped a death grip on Aachen today in a twin drive which left an escape corridor only a mile and a half wide northeast of that ancient coronation place of Teutonic kings. Despite desperate. German counterattacks, three of them up Crucifix Hill overlooking the city from the northeast, Lieu tenant-General Courtney II. Hodges' warriors cut the last major road out of Aachen, the Adolf Hitler highway running to Julich and Cologne, and severed most of the .secondary roads. l>rlviug south from tho rimch breakthrough /.one in the Siegfried Line, Hodges' fighting Americana overran Ganlunhiirg and reached the edge of Wur.selen, through which runs the only secondary road remaining: fnr un estimated Aachen garrison of 1500 SS guards. On the southern fronts, tho Seventh Army hart moved up to within 8 milps of Belfort in the mountain gap fringing Switzerland and were shelling Belfnrt'.s outskirts. Lieutenant-General George 8. Patton's shock troops of the Third Army cut their way through 300 yards of underground tunnel in Fort Briant at Mot/, burning down five steel bulkheads in the advance. To the north of the •KiO-mllt* Allied front, the Canadian Army shut an amphibious spearhead •; miles across tho fog-wreathed waters of a Schelde river inlet and landed at the rear of a diehard garrison of 5000 men holding a pocket south of the estuary Defenses Washed Out Across the river German defenses on VValcheren and Zuid Beveland islands, guarding the seaward approaches to Antwerp, were washed out by Allied bombings, which had cut the seawall west nf Vliusingcn (flushing) and at tho western tip of the islands. Canadian troops virtually isolated a garrison of 11,000 to 15,000 on the two islands by smashing north of Antwerp to the edge of Korteven at the neck of the causeway to the two Islands, and were nearing Bergen of Xoom. which the Germans were attempting to establish as a strong- point. This advance and the flooding of organized defenses on the Islands robbed the Germans bolow the Seholdo uf prospects of escape. Fresh Troops f .Hodges was bringing up fresh forces, tin- Germans .said and the battle in the Aachen area from Geil- enkirchon to Stnlberg was "raging with increasing ferocity." Hodges' doughboys, 'fighting six miles inside Germany north of Aachen, battered their way across the main Aaehen-Gl-idbach road in two places and to within 7'i miles of Julich where the main road from Aachen forks to Cologne. i!;i miles to Continued on Pase Two LONDON, Oct. 9. (U.PJ—Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden arrived In Moscow today for a conference with Premier Josef Stalin and Foreign Commissar V. M. Molotoff which was officially described as "a. sequel" to the Roosevelt-Churchill Quebec conference. It was learned that one of the chief purposes of the Churchill- Stalin discussions will be the speeding of the final assault upon Germany, The conference occurs with the full approval of the United States, which will be represented in the discussions by W. Averill Harriman, ambassador to Russia. Military Discussion Churchill was accompanied by his top military aides, indicating plainly that military matters are high on the list for discussion. The Moscow discussions of the final assault on Germany were believed co-ordinated with those which General Dwight I). Eisenhower and other Allied commanders in the west are now having 1 with General George C. Marshall. They were believed to deal with an all-out co-ordinated squeeze upon Germany from the west, on the eastern front and from the Balkans and Italy. First Sim-e Teheran .> The meeting of Churchill and Stalin is their first since the Teheran discussions of last Noember. Churchill's last visit to Moscow in [August. 194J, was to explain to Stalin I the reasons why the Allies could not I mount a second front at that time. Announcement of the Churchill- Kden trip was made to Commons by -Major Clement Attlee. deputy prime minister, who described it as a "sequel" to the Quebec conference. Tho Quebec conference, in addition in Kuropenn matters, dealt with the progress of the war in the Pacific. There was little doubt that Churchill and Stalin would tackle other thorny Allied problems, including methods of handling Germany once Continued on Paso Twr High Court Denies Rehearing on Regulation of Insurance WASHINGTON, Oct. 9. OP)—The Supreme Court refused today to reconsider its decision that itistir- an.?e Is business in Interstate commerce and is subject to the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. | Tho .Southeastern Underwriters | Association, in asking a rehearing of I the case involving its activities, told | the high tribunal that the decision ; last June has brought about a situa- ; tion where "hazards have been imposed upon the negotiation of every Insurance contract and the very conduct of the Insuraru-e. business has been rendered perilous." The court dec-hied the question by a 4 to 3 vote, Justices Roberts and Re>4?d taking no part in the case. Tho association. In requesting ^r^- considerutlon, suld a case of this character should be decided by a majority of the whole court. Asked by 41 States Attorneys-general for 41 states joined in the request for rehearing. The court, in announcing Its deci- ion to refuse reconsideration, said j that Justices Roberts and Reed tooK | no part in consideration of the I request. I The Supreme Court also refused j today a request for a quick ruling I on the constitutionality of the federal i ballot, so as to mako it available to ! servicemen and women who may not receive state ballots in time for use in the November elections. Asked by Lieutenant Attorneys for Lieutenant William Downey, United States Army, made the request in a petition protesting the refusal of Governor Dwight H. Green uf Illinois to certify use of the federal ballot. Illinois Is one of more than Estates which have not certified. ~ Tf7x The lawyers contended an early decision by the high tribunal holding that the ballot is constitutional in Illinois would validate ita use everywhere, regardless of the state from which a service man might come. The court announced no reason tor its refuse 1

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