The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 7, 1944 · Page 12
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 12

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Saturday, October 7, 1944
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Sorurday, October 7, 1944 ebttortal of Caltforman ALFRED HABRELL • DI10I 4MB Entered in post npfire nt R^kerpflrM. Cnlifnrnin. ft mail under iho nn n! Conpress \i.ii<n .",. I MEMBER OF Till-": ASSOriATEn I'KKSS The Associated prrs? if.' O^IUMY* ;\- <-r\ it If '1 tn t h-- u^ f'-r |m!<] i--;t- t.ion Of all news d^p;ifr|i('s m-liml In It «.t pnt r.'ln--\\ «*.• <T'--,i;t..<] in this paper, and ;<lsn thp lf< al tioxv. 1 -' pul'tiMuM tic ;> ,r. REPRESENTATIVES Wf«T-Hi.|May Co . In. New York, OIKVKO. S:tn Fr.t rv-i:-< o Is * Any: If?, Si .m!i?, iVrt lain!, D» nvrr ON, n r. r.ri;i:.\T* Tho Hai-km SPIM.O, \V-ishinct.Mi. !'. C. By cnrriTT or ni.:il (1:3 ;u!vritv p^r monih, fcT.r, F:\ nuMiil.p. ST-.I*": out- \r. ; ir, J ;> postal zones lour to ei^hi, p- r month. .* I '>;.. NOT THE COMMUNIST VIEW I x ins speech of Thursday evening, broadcast io the volcrs of (lie land. I "resident Roosevelt expressed his regret to all "decent'' Americans that some "political propagandists are now (Inking red herrin.qs across the trail of this national election." And he cinphasi/.ed the charge that "labor bailers and bigots and some politicians use the term 'Communism' loosely and apply it to every 'progressive' social measure proposed." And Mr. Roosevelt adds: "I have never sought, and do not welcome, I ho. support of any person or group committed to Communism or Fascism or any other foreign ideology which would undermine, the American system of government.'' That is a definite statement, but it does not lessen the concern of many people who can nol reconcile the President's statement and the unanimous support that Communists arc giving to further the campaign for the Fourth term. Facts are that many of the leaders of the P. A. C. movement, and of similar sub-organi/ations, have lately been on the payroll of the government, and it docs not lessen the gravity of the situation that Mr. Roosevelt says he does not care for their support. What is important is that he has jt, uniformly in every community in which Communism thrives and where Communist leaders have gained control of units which exist for political purposes. What the President says he docs nol want, the support of the Communists of the land, is quite contrary then, to what Hie Communists know they do want. They are a unit in seeking to obtain a Fourth term and it is not important that the chief beneficiary of the movement decries their support. The question that does interest the American people is, why do the Hrowders and the Hillmans earnestly champion the Fourth term cause? And if the President docs nol seek their voles he has them in any event. There is no difference of opinion in Communistic circles as lo that. AS TO A SALES TAX A ; WE note the revenues derived by many states from the sales tax we naturally wonder why that plan in financing government does nol find favor at Washington. Obviously authorities there prefer the system that places a direct burden upon wage earners, even when their compensation is as low as *.">()() a year and who can illy all'ord to meel the demand made upon them by the government in connection with the levying of income (axes. Their payment of such lax reduces their purchasing power directly and in a lump sum. The easier method of raising revenue under the sales tax is ignored. Here in California the sales tax was reduced to 2VL- per cent, effective in the past iiscal year, vet Ihe total so collected amounted lo $1:51.311,1 •!;">, based upon a volume of sales totaling $;">,! VI 1,000,000. Of this, 20 per cent of the reported revenue tame from the sale of food and liquor at restaurants, 20 per cent was collected through the purchase of clothing and in department store sales, and during the year the number of retail outlets increased f>.2f> per cent, a gain of 8!).">(i for Ihe year. Contributors to the sales tax hardly fell the burden levied on their purchases, and levied in accord with the amount spent. It is far easier for them to meet their quota in connection with such purchases than il is through direct payment of income taxes as they are now imposed. Hut the benelil that might thus come to the millions does not attract the attention of the Federal Government. _.._. SHOULD CAKE FOR THEIR OWN W li HOPE and think there will be nationwide opposition to the proposal of President Roosevelt to set aside Federal funds in aid of the support of country schools. The maintenance of such institutions has been in the hands of the several slates for more than a century and a half and if the sums so supplied have proved insufficient, as is alleged, there is no reason why any given commonwealth should not increase its appropriations for such a worthy and necessary purpose. More and more we are coming to rely upon Federal aid to meet such requirements as arc directly the responsibility of the stales themselves, and it is not good for our Republic, nor good for its people, to have any part of thai burden transferred lo the Federal government. While it is deflnilely stated that no effort at Federal control will be made in case such a change is effected, it follows thai, whatever policy finds favor now, we have no assurance that a day will not come when the proposal suggested would result in increasing Federal authority, as it affects Ihe lives and activities of our people. The states, themselves, are amply able lo meet the cost of common school education and no necessity exists now, nor is likely to exist in the future, to justify Ihe plan suggested. The management of public institutions will bo most ell'eclive as responsibility and authority remain with the local officials selected by the people. There is no sentiment that favors transferring any such aiilhorilv lo Washington. WAR FLAG T in; war flat,' of the air corps is a pennant of smoke rising from a strategic bombing target. Such a pennant arose when our bomber pilots in the Pacific successfully blasted Balikpapan, Japan's greatest source of high octane gasoline, her richest refineries situated in eastern Borneo. Bomber pilots know, as they swing their great planes from a target and reverse their compass courses to head for their home airdromes, that the raid lias been a good one if they can sec black, billowing clouds of smoke, for smoke means their target is on lire. The Balikpapan targets sent pennants of black, oily smoke 8000 feet into the air following our raids on what may be described as the "Ploesti" fields of Japan. Destruction of these great refineries in Borneo should cut off at least one-sixth of the Japanese supply of high octane gasoline. Our attack on the target was costly, however, for numbers of our great Liberator planes failed to return lo their base—the costliest raid lo dale in Hint theater of war. COAST'S HIGH WAGES W AI.I; scales paid in Pacific coast cities are among the highest in the nation, according to a survey announced by William A. Bledsoe, regional director of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, I'nited Slates Department of Labor. Seattle pays Ihe highest wages in non- manufacturing industries, with San Francisco second and Portland third. For the last year Los Angeles showed the greatest increases in pay of any coastal city, as it was ranked sixth in non-manufacturing wages, and ninth highest in the nation for factory work. In other words, Los Angeles wages rose slightly more in relation lo those of other coast cities which had been higher at the outset. Detroit and Toledo were Hie only two cities to lead the Pacific coast in salaries paid, but then they don't have the fine climate of California! RANDOM NOTES The people of California are going to have an opportunity in November to vote upon an amendment which will permit the Legislature lo fix the salaries of certain stale officials, salaries which arc the same now as they were a generation ago when the population of the state was insignificant as compared with that of today. But the same people cannot vote upon the request for wage increase by the postal employes who render them such efficient service during the year and whose compensation is far lower than (hat of labor along other lines. The increase in the pay of these employes rests with Congress, the Congress thai has so liberally provided for governmental attaches in many lines of activity. Why there should be hesitation lo increase the annual salaries of men j in the postal department by $100 it is difli- I cult lo Miy in the face of, may we add, the | "generosity" of government in other departments. What do the Russians mean by indulging in "trickery" in the effort to defeat the German forces? One Nazi in high command says that such trickery is "unscrupulous." Which leads us to wonder if the Nazis think they should have a monopoly of an undercover method of carrying on warfare, a method nol made known in advance to the enemy. Belt lightening, under the most recent orders issued by Doctor Goebbcls, must become the order of the day throughout the Fatherland. There is decreed by him a cut in bread and sugar rations to be effective this month. There will be a 15-ounce reduction in the weekly ration of alleged coffee, an unspecified reduction in rationing jam, and more than that, if Iherc have been such things as Nazi "parly affairs and frills" there will nol be in Ihe future. No more functions except those directly aiding the prosecution of the war, savs Goebbcls. And Ihe free press? Many Nazi party publications arc suspended. Notable it is that those orders about trickery on the bal- Ucfronl and rationing on the home front come not from Miller, bill from his satellites. By the way, where is the Fuehrer now? Not a speech, not even a cheep from him over , a period of several weeks. TLe War T ' Ot lay • Ernie l>yle'B column Is resumed following EDITOR'S NOTE—Until inch tlrrK. ._ _ „.__ „ .„„.... nl« vacation. tbl» ipace will b« used (or war feature (tories By JOSEPH L. MYLER | espprially when on the tremendous United Press staff Correspondent ! peak* of this terrain the war is WASHINGTON. Oct. 7.—Allied just about as real as you'll find any victory In the east is certain, hut whore. military leaders believe it will take! The Jerries are even using their an "absolute minimum" of Hi years | old pal. the huge "Anzlo Express" after defeat of Germany to wring i artillery piece around here, unconditional surrender from Japan, j Takes the cases of Corporals Artlie Office of War Information re- ! lein K. Nave, of Santa Fe, N. M., ported today. j ., 1K] pjerro Fallot. -t.vin Fortieth The udds all favor the Allies, the street, Long Island, N. Y., for ex- OWI said In a survey based on data ! i'rinn war. navy, nnd state ilepart- I ini'iits. but "overall military plans. iiK'lixlini; those concerned with war I production, tire based on the assump- ample. Until a couple of weeks ago Nave waa an entertainment director and his unit never had heard a shot fired. Then he offered to act as it may take years, rather interpreter for si "tsisk force" going MUM than months, to defeat Japan." "One and a half to two years after thr defeat of Germany," (he OWI | said, "is considered an absolute minimum." Japanese warlords themselves are confident they can drag out the conflict so lung "that the 'soft' democracies will be forced into a stalemate," the report said, and in any event there obvious factors "favoring the Japanese and pointing toward llu> prolongation of the war." Not the least of these factors are a still powerful Japanese fleet of 10 to 1:! battleships and 10 to 12 large aircraft carriers a constantly improving air force, and an army of 4, 000, (mo men with 3,i ilOO.OOO more men of military aj;o available for ser%'ico. And the psychological effect ot Germany'.* collapse, the OWI said, might well heighten Japan's determination and fighting spirit." Whatever else happens, "no internal collapse of Japan is expected," the O\V1 said. The report quoted Joseph C. Grew, for 10 years ambassador to Japan, as saying of the Pacific: enemy that "only by utter physical destruction or utter exhaust- inn of their men and materials can thev be defeated." The Japanese, on the other hand, "are expecting the Allies to grow tired and accept a negotiated peace." While "the mustered power of the Allies is overwhelming," geography "fights on the side of the Japanese," the OWI pointed out, and the United Nations must conquer vast distances never before brought into military calculations before they can throw their full might against the enemy. By SID FEDF.R Hy Associated Press WITH AMERICAN FORCES IN VIAREGGIO, Italy, Sept. 25. (Delayed) OP)—The Joes up here on this forgotten front are wondering if the folks back home really know it sets very warm for September in these parts. They ask how come the Italian front generally, and this west coast sector particularly, is practically pushed out of the papers in America, in In act inn here. The first thing you know he. Fallot and a lone Italian Partisan were out on patrol trying to get information on enemy positions .lust north of this former resort playground. They walked Into a cemetery, saw an enemy and the Partisan shot him. Suddenly six more Jerries jumped from the bushes and hollered "hands up" in English. The Partisan swung his musket and started shooting. The. Jerries started shooting back. Then everybody got Into action. The Jerries took to cover. The three-man patrol saw a dozen soldiers coming up the road and waved to them, thinking they were doughboys. They weren't and they opened fire. The patrol returned the fire, killing three Germans. Four more Jerries lying in the grass weie killed when the patrol took pot shots at a bicycle leaning against a nearby tree. Out of ammunition, the patrol withdrew back through Vlareggio and reported to Lieutenant-Colonel Hamilton H. Lisle. Las Cruces, N. M. The next morning Lisle, and his staff—Lieutenants Edward Snick, of East Orange, N. J., and Eugene Shideler, former Arizonian whose wife, now lives in Lake Charles. La., brought up tanks and killed some 24 more Nazis. Then Captain Carl W. Harris, Hingham, Mass.. and his patrol— Sergeant Gerald Russell, of Russellville, Alich., Corporal Allen Lucas, of Altoona, Pa., Private Samuel Classman, Pittsburgh, Pa.. Private Merlin Edwards, Redwing Minn., and Private Will Sam McArthur, of New Haven, Conn.—crossed a canal several miles north of Viareggio near the western outposts of the Gothic Line. They found a German machinegun nest in a crater made by an Allied air bomb. The battle lasted an hour and when the shooting was over there were four dead Jerries and one dead machinegun in the crater. That's the kind of action going on daily in these parts every inch of the way north from Pisa. 1 lie Read in -(By LOUISE PARKS BANES)Travelers are divided into t\vo main types: Those who journey across continent and oceans to see lands and peoples of today, and those whose interest Is in the past rather than the present, who prefer ruins and tombs to modern architecture and sidewalk cafes. Some places appeal to both types; ancient and modern Rome alike fascinating the visitor. OC all countries, perhaps, Palestine is most beloved for its glorious past; in its valleys and on its mountain tops the dead crowd out the living. Maurice Samuel stresses this fact in the first chapter of his new book, "Harvest in the Desert." Palestine, he says, is a. haunted land; from whatever point of the compass a visitor enters, he is accompanied or confronted by memories of the foremost immortals of the world. This is true for Christian and Jew alike, and also for Moslem. Nowhere else on earth is so full of recollections for the pilgrim. Yet it is not for the glorious past that this book was written. What first impressed the author was the fact that when lie came to Palestine he saw vast areas of desolation, in a land which once bloomed with cultivation. In the centuries since the dispersion of the Jews, a land which had swarmed with life lay deserted by spoilers and spoiled alike. He goes on to toll of the dream of the return to Jerusalem which has for so long dominated Jewish lite; a dream which maintained machinery for living in the Palestine, but set up no machinery for getting there. He writes of the various early efforts at return, by small isolated groups, who dreamed the Zionist dream before there were Zionists; with a glowing account of the amax.ing Moses Montofiore, who made his last pilgrimage to the land of his forefathers at the age of 91. "Harvest in the Desert," is a complete and moving history of Zionism and of what has been done in Palestine. There are chapters on different types of colonists; on the obstacles met in making Hebrew the language of the country and why it was successful; on differences between Arabs and Jews. The Arab nationalist movement, he sums up, was the pre-occupation of a small, privileged urban and landlord class, while the majority o£ the Arab villagers lived in peace with their Jewish neighbors. He believes that minorities will forever be a part of the world populational pattern, and that some way should be worked out for peaceful life with a Jewish majority and an Arab minority. The brilliant record of Jewish volunteers in the Egyptian campaign, so well pictured in Pierce Van Itaassen's book, "The Forgotten Ally," is the subject of another chapter. For those who wish to read more about Zionism and modern Palestine, a number of books are available. Alex Bein told the story of the first great Zionist in his excellent biography, "Theodore Heiv.l." No one person has done more for the cause than the remarkable woman of whom Marvin I^owenthal wrote, in his life, "Henrietta Szold." William B. Ziff is violently anti- British in his "Rape of Palestine." Horace Kallen, in "Frontiers of Hope," wrote of both Palestine and the problems of Jewish groups in Russia. Frederick Lcete has an excellent chapter on the Zionist crusade in his interesting hook, "Palestine, Land of the Light." All of these titles, and many other treatments of the Zionist question, may be borrowed through any branch of the Kern County Library. an d A nswers -(By THE HASKIN SKRVICE)- Q. Why Is a bridegroom supposed to carry his bride over the threshold of their home?—J. O. A. In ancient Rome, the bride was lifted over the threshold, or slightly .jumped over it in order to avoid the chance of stumbling. It was thought to bring ill luck to stumble in entering one's home for the first time after the wedding. The bridegroom carried her. Q. Which area in New York is called the "Borough of I'niversi- ties?"—K. K. S. A. The Bronx. It has a number of famous educational institutions including the Bronx center of New York University, Fordham University, Manhattan College, a branch of Hunter College, the College of Mount St. Vincent and others. Q. Which state raiHen more potatoes, Maine or Idaho?—P. E. R. A. Maine led the states in pota- toe production in 1943. producing 7;!.485.000 bushels. Idaho was second, with 4:1,470,000 bushels. Q. Can air and water be termed nutrients?—L. F. C. A Strictly speaking air and water nutrients though the study of nutrition usually takes them for granted. Q. Has the Naval Academy a motto?—W. G. A. The motto of the Naval Academy is Ex scientia tridens, meaning "From knowledge, strength." Q. Who was the one-armed French general in the first World War?— S. E. V. A. There were two—General Henri Gouraud und General Paul Pau. Q. What are the principal political parties at the present time?— A. L. A. A. Democratic, Republican, Socialist, Prohibition and Socialist Labor. Q. What is the origin of the term smart aleck?—P. L. B. A. Nothing definite is known as to its origin. It is given variously by authorities as "Smart Aleck" and as "Smart Ellicks." The earliest instance of its use is in 1873, in the sense a conceited fellow. It is possible that the expression was originally applied to some particular individual and thereafter became current. Q. Should coal for home use be sprinkled?—L. A. H. A. A slight moistening of soft coal nol only allays the dust but causes the very fine particules to adhere to the larger ones, thus letting more air through the fuel bed. Becau.se of this, most grades of soft coal burn a little better when slightly moistened. Q. AVhat Is a rattlesnake pilot?— L. V. A. The rattlesnake pilot is a large harmless snake of a lustrous black color with white edges on some of the scales. The name Is also applied in some parts of the country to the black snake, which IB harmless, and the copperhead, a poisonous relative of the rattlesnake. Q. When were silver 3-cent pieces coined?—S. R. T. A. Silver 3-cent pieces were issued from 1851 to 1873. These small coins were considered a nuisance in business dealings and their coinage was abolished. Q. What Is the smallest election unit?—J. D. W. A. The precinct is the smallest electoral unit averaging about 400 voters. From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The California!!, thin date, 1934) A double wedding was performed Saturday afternoon when Miss Dorothy Spawn became the hrlde of Fred H. Carlisle, and Mrs. Edna O'Kecfe was married (o Walter J. Stevenson. The vows were exchanged in Las Vegas. A piano concert will be presented by Alfred Mirovitch at Hotel El Tejon Spanish ballroom Thursday night. Airs. C. A. Hare and Mrs. Thomas Hope had as their conveyance In the Frontier Days parade one of the oldest carriages in Hakersfleld. It was originally the property of L. M. Dinkelspiol and was used by him luring the 1890s. It now belongs to Mr. and Mrs. IT. D. Webb. "Big Hearted Herbert," a three- act comedy, will be produced at Washington School auditorium by the P. T. A. of that school on November 1. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Callfornlnn, this date. 1924) Since the appearance of Sergeant Albert O. Barksdnle's photograph in the General Pershing souvenir num- lier of United States Army Recruiting N"ews, the sergeant has been kept busy autographing books. The total for Kern's recent storm Is .14 inches of rainfall. Miss Edna Whitaker and James B. Coit were married Sunday afternoon at the home of the bride's parents in Oildale. Mr. and Mrs. Tod Mosier returned today from a, visit in San Francisco with Mr. and Mrs. Paul Packard. THIRTY YEARS AGO 'The Cnlifornian. thir date. 1SH) Headlines: Austrians Win Victory Over Russia; Antwerp Must Fall in Few Days, Says Berlin; End of Wai- Seems Further Off Than Ever: Japanese Occupy Caroline Islands of Germany. Thursday Afternoon Club will meet tomorrow at the home of Mrs. Hugh Allen in West Park where plans will be completed for a chrysanthemum tea to be given at the home of Mrs. Hazleton Blodget. T. \V. McManus leaves tonight for Los Angeles to attend a meeting of the Great American Life Insurance Company of which he is a director. North American Consolidated Oil Company plans to install a small refinery on its lease within the next BO days, according to news from Taft. ' FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1H04) Voting machines will not be used in Kern county in the coming election for the reason that they will not be here in time. A total of 825 pupils is now en rolled in city schools, Superintendent Nelson reported today. This is 170 more than last year's large increase in registration, as noted by County Clerk Miller. Total for the year shows 61BO as against 0084 for last year. The Reverend Edward Vaughan was welcomed as new pastor of Methodist Episcopal Church at a re ception last night. J. M. Hunter spoke on behalf of the church; the Reverend Edgar R. Fuller for the ministers; W. S. Allen for Sunday school and Dr. S. C. Long for Ep worth League. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1894) In honor of Miss Thome, who leaves in a few days for a visit in Fresno, a dance will be given at Armory hall tonight. Miss Mary Miller will occupy Miss Thome's place at the registry window in the post office. Miss Thome has ac< cepted a position in the county assessor's office. Three years ago there was not a lady bicycle rider in town and now, of the 50 cyclists, many are of the gentler sex. Jerry Shields, candidate for supervisor, is in town today. Maud Dumble was thrown from a wagon Saturday and cut the right side of her face. askingfon Column -(By PETKK EDSON)- Oneof the hottest side-issues of the iresidential campaign—alleged Com- nunist domination of the affairs ol Sidney Hillman's C. I. O.-backed "National Citizens Political Action Committee"—is -now dragged into new prominence by a letter from the Jnited States civil .service commission to Benjamin Stolberg, German- born labor writer of New York, denying Stolberg's charges that 110 out ot the original 141 members of he National Citizens P. A. C. had been listed by the commission as •participants in sundry Communist fronts." Stolberg's assertion that the United States civil service commission had a Communist blacklisting for 110 out of the 141 National Citl ,er.s P. A. C. members were originally made in the course of an American Town Meeting of the Air program broadcast from Denver on September 21. A recording of the Broadcast reveals that in the question period, a soldier in the audience tried to pin Stolberg down on the basis for the list, asking if it was from the list of organizations drawn up by the Dies committee. Stolberg then hedged a little. "My information did not come to me from the Dies committee but from friends in Washington and from another group which is concerned with that. "I got my information from one government body which is perfectly responsible—that is the United States civil service commission. But not to pass it off to iheni, I will say that I have looked over the list and that is the way it seems to me. I stand by that." Interviewed by telephone after his return ot New York, Stolberg expanded slightly on his remarks without further identifying the list or his mysterious friends in Washington. Pressed for names. Stolberg said that anyone could get the names from the civil service commission. When told that request for the list had been made but that the civil service commission denied there was any such list, Stolberg laughed heartily and said, "Well, you know how that is." The official denial of Stolberg's charges is made in a two-page letter to Stolberg from the civil service commission. It ie signed oy the commission's president, Harry B. Mitchell, on behalf of himself and the other two members, Lucile Foster McMillan and Arthur S. Fleming. Following are important excerpts: * ''Within the past three years," says the third paragraph of the letter, "the commission has passed upon the suitability and fitness of a» total of 10 persons who are now listed as members of the National Citizens Political Action Committee and who. as applicants for government positions, were investigates by the commission, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the treasury department or the Federal Works Agency. All of these persons have been rated eligible by the coiTmiis- slon. "The civil service commission does maintain a reference file containing data relative to alleged affiliations with the alleged Communist. anti- Communist, pro-Nazi, pro-Fascist, anti-Nazi, anti-Fascist and other organizations. . . . Anyone who used this reference file as a basis for stating that persons were associated with particular organizations would be arriving at conclusions which, In so far as the civil service commission knows, are totally unsupported by facts. . . . "We do not know the sources of the statements which you made in connection with the Town Meeting of the Air broadcast. In the light of the above information, we do feel, however, that these statements were misleading. . . ." With the civil service commission admitting it has investigated only 10 of the P. A. C. members, instead of 110, mystery on the source of Stol- bei-R's list was increased. Dies committee hearings will delve further into the charges of Communist influence In the Hillman political organization. Holl ywoo d Col umn -(By MOSS IIART)- (Pinch Hitting for Er»klne Johnson) When I was first ushered into General Henry H. Arnold's presence in the Pentagon at Washington, I, not usually an inarticulate fellow, found myself completely tongue-tied. This was no fault of General Arnold's but by the time you have walked past Secretary Stimson's office, General Marshall's office, and then are ushered into General Arnold's office, you are so impressed you feel that to even open your mouth would directly impede the war effort. General Arnold asked how I Intended to go about writing the play, "Winged Victory." I replied that since I knew nothing about, the air forces whatever, I though it would be sensible for me to take a trip to an airfield and see what went on. Three days later I was strapped into an army plane and on my way to out- various air bases throughout the country. One of my chief Irritations throughout the entire trip was my feeling of being not only Just old, but ancient. (Editor's note: Mr. Hart is 39.) One pilot had reached the ripe old age of 25 and was already a lieutenant-colonel, and the various ages of the vest of his crew (the crew which flew me around the air bases) I won't even go into. The ."Eager Beaver," that young man who waits breathlessly for that letter of acceptance to come and finally arrives at an airfield wide-eyed and Innocent, expecting to go right up in a Fortress, is due for a rude shock. What he gets instead is pure O. I. basic training—but the glint of the future pilot never disappears from his eyes. No matter what Indignity he suffers, he continues to remain an Eager Beaver and think everything is wonderful. Thus the first ride in a plane a^ter four months of cleaning latrines is quite an event and I wanted to be a part of it, so I promptly became a part of the group and went up too. I insisted on taking the same classification tests as the boys. Tests started at 7:30 every morning and a curious thing happened. By 11 I had competely forgotten that I was a middle-aged playwright in search of material for a play. I wanted to pass those tests more than anything else in the world. I never had the courage to ask what my marks were. The day of actual classification, when the boys were finally told what they were to be—pilot, bombardier or navigator—was one of the most exciting and dramatic moments I have ever witnessed. The week before graduation was one of the high spots of the trip. No fashionable lady cauld be half as fussy as a cadet trying on and fitting his officer's uniform, and I shall never forget the graduation Itself. Graduation took place at 8:30 In the morning, for by 10 no one could stand in the desert sun. Even at 8:30 it was 145 in the shade—it was July in the desert—but you couldn't pry the boys out of those new officers' uniforms. They stayed in them throughout the entire day, and buying that first drink at the officers' club was a ritual and an orgy at the same time. The cadets never know from one day to the next whether they are going to make it—not until the very week of graduation. I stayed with one crew down on the flying line till that last moment when they took off for combat. No play and no playwright can ever quite do justice to the poignancy of that particular moment. Copyright. 1944. NBA Service. Inc. 1 lie Readers 9 Jroint oit View A render c»u Bet the inswor In tna aucttlon of fuel hy wrlltm Tlie llakfrefli'lrt Ctliforniin Inforrantlon Bute*!,. 31« K)e Kirwt, N. E.. Washington 2. P. C. l>lc«e «nclo« tlu«« (J) cents for reply. FOR MR. PEARSON Editor The Californian Having read the letter written by James Pearson appearing in tonight's Reader's Viewpoint it is evident that there are a lot of facts he needs in order to get the record straight. His claim that the Republican party sneerlngly refer to the President as the indispensible man is one. For your information Mr. Pearson, the New Deal Democrats started the story; through inference in many speeches they deliberately gave the people that impression; now that it has kicked back they want to dump the blame in the laps of the Republicans. Your statement regarding Mr. Dewey and the Republican party having the effontry to tell us the same old story and your accusation about smells also show you lack facts. What could smell worse than the New Deal records of the past ten years? -Just what did they do about the ten million unemployed during all those years before the war? They did not solve that problem; it took a war, in which we now find our boys, fathers and daughters dying, in order to open up jobs. What about the thousands of tons of paper forms, questionnaires etc., that hamstrung business, yes, free enterprise if you will, during all these years? Proud of that and the endless number of alphabetical bureaucracies they have created? How about the idea "to keep our boys In the service after the war because it's just as cheap as creating another agency"—are they proud of that? Of course, what else could one expect, that's the method they have used; every time they run into a problem a new agency is created, the problem becomes more involved, so what's a few hundred more agencies for tax payers to keep going? People are fed up with this nonsense, they have a right to be, that's why we have to vote the whole shebang out. People fcre tired of the waste, they have a right to be. In the first 144 years as a nation, the total amount spent by all the president from Washington to Hoover was $112,000,000,000. In just 12 year the present administration has spent $369,000,000,000, > over three times at* much. In other words, 12 years of President Roosevelt will have cost us more than one-third of one trillion dollars. A record to be proud of? C. F. JORIN. Taft. October 2, 1944. LOVE OF DOGS Editor The Californian: I would like a speak a word or two in defense of man's best friend, the dog, so irately attacked by Mrs. M. K. T. As she is not interested in these fine animals, no doubt she does not know of the splendid war work being done by dogs in the present conflict, nor has she heard of the many medals won"' by dogs in this war; perhaps she has not heard or read of the many human lives saved by these splendid animals, who often rescue their masters from fires, 'drowning and other disasters; perhaps she has never heard of the seeing-eye dogs who brighten and enlighten the lives of the blind. Not being interested in dogs, of course she did not see the beautiful and touching picture, "Lassie," portraying the devotion of the faithful collie of that name. A well-trained dog Is a Joy and jjomfort to its owner and repays him with life-long devotion and adoration. What is more beautiful than the love of a dog for its small master, as he sticks so close to his heels all the day? I would suggest to Mrs. M. K. V. that she read some of Albert Payson Terhune's stories of dog life to gain a more understanding atttitude of this animal, man's best friend. DOG LOVER. "INDISPENSABLE MAN" Editor The Californian: Some of our correspondents appear to be considerably irked and perturbed because those terrible Republicans have spoken of Mr. Roosevelt as being indispensable. They seem to be under the impression that this indispensable stuff is something that has been created by the Republicans, when as a matter of fact, F. D. R. was loudly proclaimed t« be an indispensable man at the recent convention at Chicago. Mayor Kelly was the first to make the claim and It was the generally accepted piece of news there at the convention that Mr. Roosevelt was, and is, indispensable. There is no doubt but that Mr. Roosevelt is irreplaoable and indispensable tb the Kelly and Hague machines, to Harry Hopkins, Harold Ickes, Madam Perkins, Henry Wallace, Sidney Hillman and his gang of P. A. C., to Earl Browder and to the multitude of federal employes who have attached themselves to the government payroll. Can Mr. Gerard say that this is all a myth? Speak- ing about raw deals of the past, what about the deal that this gang of communistic agitators has been handing us during the past few years? And what about the deal that they will be certain to hand us if they are permitted to have a free hand* for another four years? MARTIN LEWIS. McFARLAND DOGS Editor The Californian: What's happened to "our" dog catcher? Gone on his vacation or what? Goodness knows, he surely needs to pay -a visit to McFarland and pick up a few unlicensed dogs, partlcu- - larly one large black and white dog here on San Juan street. He's not licensed and, furthermore, barks continually all* the time, keeping everyone awake after working 12" hours every day. So step up this way and pick up a few unlicensed dogs, please, dog catcher. Then perhaps San Juan street will be a little quieter and much safer for our children. I myself would be willing to pay you for your trouble if you pick up this one particular dog. A SLEEPLESS READER. McFarland, September 26, 1944. ON ROOSEVELT'S SPEECH Editor The Californian: After listening to F. D. R.'s speech Saturday evening I cannot for the life of me figure why he wants another four years in the White House with its terrific responsibilities and long hours of the hardest kind of work when he could get top billing as a radio comedian. The speech, was good. It was about as mirth- provoking as any I have heard in a long time. In my opinion it compares very favorably to Gracie Allen's program. Another reason I feel •' so good about this speech is because I won a. nice sum of money on It. I bet a friend that Mr. Dewey's charge that 10,000,000 men were still out of work in 1940 would not be answered. SOCRATES. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY There is none holy as the Lord: for there is .none beside Thee: neither is there any rock tike our God.—I Samuel 2:2. • * * God attributes to place no sanctity, if none be thither brought by men who there frequent.—Milton. ,..

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