The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 7, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Saturday, October 7, 1944
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•o- * THE WEATHER Temperature High yesterday Low today Rainfall Season (Airport) , Year ago (Airport) — Reason (Lund Company) Year ago (Land Company). »***•* '*•*+' no 69 T T T T Clo-Jdy with showers ovor mounts ln» today extending lo the south end of the valley Sunday. Californian Pioneer Newspaper Gets Recognition, Page 7 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1944 TWO SECTIONS No. 59 WINNING PITCHER — Harry (The Cat) Brecheen, star Cardinal hurler, stopped the Browns today while his teammates clouted in 5 runs to tie up the series with a 5-1 victory. CARD BATTERS RAP OUT VICTORY SERIES ALL TIED UP; SUNDAY'S GAME VITAL against three AT SPORTSMAN'S PARK, ST. LOUIS, Oct. 7. <#)—The Cardinals pounded out 12 hits including Stan Musinl's home run to defeat the Browns, 5 to 1, today and square the World Series at two games each. A 12-hit attack Browns pitchers, which included a first-inning 1 home run by Stan Musial, gave the Cardinals the fourth game before the largest crowd of the series—35,455. Harry Brecheen, stream-lined Cardinal southpaw, yielded nine hits to the American League champions but kept them well scattered and did not permit a run until the eighth inning when his mates already had given him a five-run margin. The ame was only 8 minutes and 12 pitches old when it was decided. Sigmund (Jack) Jakucki, Brown j'ight bander, struck out the first man to face him, but then was touched for a single by Johnny Hopp. Musial, a World Series bust in 1942 and again in 1943, caught hold of Jackuki's first pitch, a high, hard one, and drove it over the right field pavilion roof for all the runs Brecheen needed. The Cards doubled their margin in the third when infield hits by Danny Litwhiler and Musial, a single by Catcher Walker Cooper and an error by Don Gutteridge gave them two more tallies. A hot sun beat down on Sportsman's Park as Sigmund (Jack) Jakucki, the Browns' slide-ball right hander, and Harry (the Cat) Brecheen, Cardinal southpaw, opposed each other on the mound, Despite the loss of two of the first three games, the National League champions still were favored by the oddsmakers to win the series. They were quoted at 4 to 5 against even money for the Browns. The odds for the fourth game were 11 to 20 in favor of the Cards while the American League titleholders were held at 8 to 5. Brecheen, a streamlined lefthander now in his second full major league Continued on Page Two — — —— — - — ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ — ^^^^^^^—^^^^^^^— - — — I -^^^^^^^^^^^•^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H— I I ^—^—^™. I ^v^r-^v^^r-N oochow Bombers Sink Cargo Ships, Minelayer in Celebes, Amboina By RUSSELL BRINES Associated Press War Editor The Japanese today claimed the capture of Foochow, important port objective in their drive to seal off southeastern \ China before an Allied thrust A Tokyo imperial com munique said Japanese forces three days ago took Foochow capital of Fukien provinc and the last major Chinese held port cm tho east const. Tho Chinese reported earlier that rein forced - Nipponese columns ha fought to the city's northwester suburbs after advancing npprox mutely 25 miles since their Septem ber 27 In tidings. Southwest Pacific bombers, con tinning to snarl over Japanese ship ping: lines, sank a minelayer and t\v merchantmen and probably do at roved another freighter in strikes near Celebes and Amboina. Thi pushed the October total to 23 ocean going vessels for these constantly patrolling airmen who bagged 210 ships in September. Today's com munique also reported eight smal surface craft were sunk and 11 dam aged. Other planes hit airfields in Celebes and the Moluccas. In northwestern Burma, Allied forces under strong aerial suppor laboriously were wiping out Japanese entrenched in bunkers on the ap proaches to Tiddim. Encircled by an Indian regiment, the Nipponese abandoned the "chocolate staircase' section of the Tiddim road, Kweilin Periled The fall of Foochow was axitici pated when well-equipped Japanese columns began their advance. The port, lying across a narrow strait from Formosa, was captured by the Nipponese in April, 1939, and retaken five months later by the Chinese who have held it since. Advance Japanese units were only 25 miles from Kweilin, capital of Kwangsi province and main goal of a comprehensive Japanese offensive. Embattled Paoching, 135 miles north ward in Hunan province, appeared to be doomed, after a Chinese admis sion that contact had been lost with the defenders. The city threatened the Japanese right flank. China Admits Loss The Chinese also acknowledged Japanese occupation of Changning, a coveted position on the Nipponese left flank 36 miles south of the Heng yang railroad junction. The Chinese communique said de fenders, operating behind Japanese lines, had retaken Szewui, important town 47 m;les northeast of Canton in Kwangtung province. Ask Second Front The influential Chungking newspaper, Ta Kung Fao, appealed to the United States and Britain for an Asiatic second front which it said Continued on Pige Two mmmmmmjmmmmmmv^mmfr^^^^^mmmmm^^^^^^^^^^^^—-^ " D. A. Quizzes Mrs. Andrews on Books, Girdle-Wearing SALINAS, Oct. 7. (UP)—Attorneys for the prosecution and defense today pored over 1500-page transcripts of testimony as they prepared final arguments to convince a jury of eight women and four men next week whether or not Mrs. Frances Andrews, 38, shot to death her 19- year-old farm boy protege, Jay Lovett, on the night of July 16. The case is expected to go to the Jury Tuesday or Wednesday. The trial was climaxed by District Attorney Anthony Brazil's second day of merciless cross-examination of Mrs. Andrews, who—In contrast to her composure of the previous day—at times appeared on the verge of tears. Girdle Discu§sion Brazil, who hammered at the attractive^ Carmel valley society matron's story of her actions the niRht of Lovett's death and her assertedly maternal interest in him, also brought in questions about "books on sex and pornography" in the Andrews library and a serio-comic discussion of girdle-wearing. , With the jury excluded and before giggling and shuffling spectators whom Judge H. S. Jorgensen admonished as getting "your ideas about courtroom procedure from movies or foolish stories," Brazil brought in a surprise witness. She was Elenore Meherin, novelist assigned to *he trial by a San Fran Cisco newspaper who testified that Jay's mother, Mrs. Robbie Lovett, loaned her two books which subsequently disappeared from her hotel room. Books Unavailable Brazil told reporters the books, as sertedly a volume oi' pictures "neither medical or artistic" and a "racy" novel, would have been intro duced as evidence if they had been available. Asked whether the Andrews library contained any -Monographic books, Mrs. Andrews replied: "No. We have art books. My husband Is a wood carver and a sculptor." Mrs. Andrews admitted under questioning that her husband, ex- army Corporal Franl- Andrews, made a nearly live-size carving of a nude man and woman but denied that | Lovett posed for it. Miles 100 Adriatic Sea •on ^i— • • Pristma T YUGOSLAVIA BULGARIA • Star. Scutari/Skoplj BQ Cope Rodoni Durozzo Khaskovo Pri ITALY /Tirana AtiANIA •Coriiitt Drama Salonika' Nardr GaMipo! ima GREECE Porto Edda T MA AM • T Up A .Gourrwnitaa Crotonc OP F Catanxaro Innm Arta ro Mesolongiof) Kholkn Thevai Loutrft Afncns ooco CANDIA K noro h Tympok ion CRETE Califonian-NEA Tclepboto - A FLEEING NAZIS POUNDED—Allied planes and warships today strafed and shelled Germans by sea trying to escape from Greece and from islands in the Aegean sea. British invasion forces have occupied virtually all of the Peloponnesus and .are. driving for Athens after capturing the important port of Patrai. NAZIS SACKED GREEK TOWN. SHOT MEN. BOYS PATRIOTS ESTIMATE 1300 VILLAGES BURNED, PILLAGED; 2,000,000 HOMELESS, MANY STARVED PATRIA, Greece, Oct. 5. (Delayed) GP)—Greek Patriots estimated today that some 1300 villages and towns in Greece had been burned and pillaged by the Germans during three years of occupation and the most brutal was the "massacre of Kalavryta." At Kalavryta, large district capital 50 miles south of here, tho Germans machine-gunned 700 men and boys—the entire male population—sacked and burned the town and only failed in cremating some 1300 women and girls because an Austrian soldier unlocked the doors of the burning building in which they had been herded. The Germans shot him. Fifty to sixty other towns in the region suffered the same fate as Kalavryta in the German reprisal campaign of 50 Greeks for each Nazi killed. Just how many civilians were slain this way throughout the country it is impossible to estimate. It is known that some 1,500,000 to 2,000.000 were made homeless and that many died because of exposure, disease and starvation. The same savage treatment went on in the large towns us well as the small ones. This seaport of 100,000 population saw several of the Germans' "iiU for 1" reprisals. On one occasion all the women and children in the town were or- Continued on Pacre Two DEWEY TACKLE RECONVERSION TONIGHT REPUBLICAN NOMINEE PROMISES DISCUSSION OF GROUPS BACKING PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT By JACK BELL. CHARLESTON, W. Va., Oct. 7. UP) —Stabilization legislation for the coal industry was advocated today by Governor Thomas E. Dewey, Republican nominee for President, as he appeared in the capital of the country's greatest bituminous producing .state. "I have long favored legislation to stabilize the coal industry to prevent a return of ruinous cutthroat competition, which would impoverish the people of the coal producing areas," said the nominee in answer to a question. Received here by a crowd police estimated reached 15,000 persons, Dewey predicted at a news conference today that the percentage of soldiers who will vote in the November election will exceed that of civilians. Predicts Big Vote ringing his campaign to the normally .Democratic blute of West Virginia for a major speech here tonight, the New York governor told reporters he was satisfied that 77 per ctnt of the eligible members of the armed service from New York state would cast ballots in the presidential election. While he did not refer directly to statements made by President Roosevelt in a radio speech this week that some persons have attempted to place hindrances in the way of service personnel voting, Dewey made it plain he was standing by his previous contention that the states should handle their ballots. • The Ktxteevelt administration had contended that federal ballots should be supplied to all uniformed personnel. Asked About Lewis At his news conference, Dewey waa asked by a local reporter whether he "opposed the support of no such sup"Tho question John L. Lewis," head of the United Mine Workers. "I have heard of port," Dewey replied. is academic." The Republican nominee expressed himself as favorable to a thoroughgoing conservation program with emphasis on soil conservation which he said was "increasing in necessity rather than declining." Dewey planned today to link an attack on some of the groups which are backing a fourth term for President Roosevelt with new criticism of what he has called the administration's lack of preparations for postwar reconversion of industry to civilian pursuits. A major campaign speech here at 9:45 p. in., eastern war time (CBS), would deal in part with the prob-, lem of changing war plants over to peacetime production, an assistant said. "Open" Discussion Dewey's staff was busy digging Into its records for what the New York governor announced would be a "quite open" discussion of the means he said the President is employing in attempting to continue In office. Assistants said Dewey was referring directly to Mr. Roosevelt's statement in a Thursday night radio speech—that the latter did not seek or welcome Communist support— when the New York governor declared yesterday that "Mr. Roosevelt asks the American people not to look now because somebody Is following him." He added that the president "would like softly to N deny the means by which he seeks election to 16 straight years in the White House." Dewey rained the Communist support issue In his Oklahoma City speech, September 26, when he as- Continued on Paw Two Allied Planes, Warships Blast Retreating German Vessels; Troops Swarm Ashore in Landings; Most of Peloponnesus Occupied ROME, Oct. 7. <U.E) — German troops were reported evacuating Greece and the Aegean islands by sea and air under merciless attack by Allied planes and warships today as British invasion forces swarmed ashore on the islands and occupied virtually all of the Peloponnesus mainland peninsula in a swift drive on Athens. Exacting a terrible SOVIETS GUN RANGE OF SZEGED ARMY 15 MILES INSIDE HUNGARY IN NEW DRIVE LONDON, Oct. 7. (UP)—The Soviet high command tonight reported the captirre -of more than 300 towns and villages in Hungary, including Delves, 105 miles from Budapest. . MOSCOW, Oct. 7. <UE>—Red army tanks and infantry pounded across the plains of southeastern Hungary within artillery range of Szeged and less than 100 miles from Budapest today in a rapid-fire offensive to knock Germany's third Balkan satellite out of tho war. Breaking through frontier defenses on a 96-mile front, Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky's Second Ukrainian army already had swept more than 15 miles inside Hungary and the broad Tisa river was the only natural obstacle between the advancing troops and Szeged and Budapest. 100 Towns Overrun More than 100 towns and villages were overrun in the first phase of tho new offensive, which carries 32 miles from Jast reported Soviet positions in Rumania and was part of a giant squeeze play mapped by Russian high command to eliminate the last of Adolf Hitler's Balkan Allies. The southern phase of the triple play already was shaping up with other elements of Malinovsky's Second Army driving northward through Rusko Selo, 38 miles below Szeged, Hungary's second largest city. Still other Russian forces were poised along the Czechoslovak border north of Hungary. Soviet patrols were believed already to have stabbed into the Carpatho-Ukralne, the eastern top of the old Czechoslovak republic annexed by Hungary in 1941. Make Captured The Second Army pushed to within artillery range of Szeged after capturing Mako. 14 miles east of the city, at the southern end of the new offensive front. German and Hungarian troops counterattacked repeatedly in an attempt to stem the advance, but yielded after losing nearly 2000 men and 15 tanks. At the center, another column captured Bekescsaba, a live-way high, way and four-way railway junction, 101 miles southeast of Budapest, and pressed on across sea level plains toward the Hungarian capital. A third force seized I'gra, llfi miles east southeast of Budapest, at the northern end of the breakthrough with the aid of Rumanian forces. Malinovsky's men moving against Szeged from the south captured N'ovi Becej. 45 miles south of Szt'god and 55 miles north of Belgrade, in addition to Rusko Selo in their advance through northern Yugoslavia. It was possible the Russians would force the Tisa river at Novl Becej or farther south for an attempt to attack Szeged from the read. J300 Nazis Prisoners Southeast of Belgrade, Soviet troops and Marshal Tito's Yugoslav Continued on Page Two LA LAND IN SWEDEN STOCKHOLM. Oct. 7. C*)— Eight American planes made forced land- Ings in south Sweden today, and 6 fliers were killed and 10 were Injured. One plane burned. ASK JAJf RETURN WASHINGTON, Oct. 7. CP>—Attorneys-general of California. Oregon and Washington petitioned the Supreme Court today to lift, as soon as national security permits, civilian exclusion uiders against persons of Japanese ancestry, issued by military authorities in tho west coast area after Pearl Harbor. f o defeat of vcn g cancc their expeditionary force in Greece more than three vears ago, ers and at 1 rilisli cruise deslrov- t one aircraft carrier hunted the Nazi evacuation floot through tho Aegean and bombarded tho islands still in enemy hands. R. A. F. wfirplanes bombed and strafed tho troup-pucked Gorinan vessels and struck repeatedly at Nazi transport planea attempting to evacuate their garrisons under cover of low-hanging 1 clouds. At least t\vo Xuxi-occupied Grecian islands, Samos and Letitha, wore disclosed officially to have been taken by British assault troops, and Khios, Mytilene (Lesbos), Andros, and Skyros also were reported in Allied hands. Unconfirmed reports said Allied troops had landed on Rhodes, tho main German stronghold in the Dodecanese group, and that K. A. F. planes already were operating from fields on the island. Headquarters gave only meager details on the fighting on the Pelop- onnesus, but official spokesmen said practically all of tho peninsula was held firmly by the British, indicating that the drive down the southern shores of the gulf of Corinth had carried well beyond captured Patrai and Hion toward the city o&Cornith, 35 miles west of Athens. Several thousand Greek quisling troops still were believed at. large in the center of the Penloponnc.sus but most of them were surrendering readily to the British to escape death at the hands uf their enraged countrymen. At least 200 puppet troops surrendered at Tripolis, in tho center of the peninsula, on Monday, barely 24 hours after another band of 1500 deserted their Nazi allies in the port of Patrai and gave themselves up to the British. A representative of the Greek government-in-exile arrived in Tripolis yesterday. Headquarters spokes men revealed that the Nazi withdrawal from Greece began with the evacuation of tho island of Kythera, just south of the Peloponnesus. British troops landed on Kythera during tho night of September 16-17, and found the island deserted. The Hermans also abandoned the Peloponnesian ports of Monomvasia. Gythrion and Kalamai on the south coast after dismantling their coastal batteries there. Front dispatches said the Gulf of Corinth was thirk with German small boats trying to run the gauntlet of British yuns at Putral and escape into the Ionian sea. .Many of them were blown up by slu-lll'ire or low-flying attack planes. MAY BE IIOSTU.I] — Germany plans to move King Leopold of Belgium and other prominent prisoners to Japan as hostages to be exchanged for Hitler or other Nazi war criminals who may fall Into Allied hands after fall of the Reich, a Stockholm dispatch said today. Under the plan, a hostage, will pay the same price if a, captured Nazi leader is sentenced to death, the dispatch said. TRADE FOR HITLER OR OTHER NAZIS PLANNED LONDON, Oct. 7. (UP)—A Stockholm dispatch said today that Germany has revealed she intends to move King Leopold nf Belgium and other prominent prisoners to Japan as hostages to be exchanged for Adolf Hitler or other Nazi war criminals who may fall Into Allied hands after the fall of the Reich. If any captured Nazi loader is sentenced to death, a hostage will pay tho same price simultaneously in Germany or Jnftan under the plan, the dispatch said. Tho Stockholm correspondent of the London Daily Mail said the plot was disclosed in Ueichmarshal Hermann Ooering's own newspaper, the Essener National Zcitung. "National Socialist loaders arc about to organize counter-measures against trials of 'war criminals,' which are forecast to occur after Germany's defeat." the National Zei- tung said. "Among well-known prisoners in Germany, the most outstanding- will be selected to serve as hostages. They will be taken to Japan whence they will 1)0 exchanged with prominent Nazis captured by the Allies." r^rr^^t* f*i ' !•• mi ^^mi^^*—*^**mmmmmmmmm*- immmi m-m • mm Roosevelt to Speak for Policy Group WASHINGTON, Oct. 7. OP)— I'resident Uoosi.'velt tmlay accepted an invitation t" address a dinner of tiin Foreign Policy Association in New York, Saturday, October lil. Tho White 'House nuid*; public a telegram the Pri'Mdent sent yesterday to Major-General Krank H. Mo Tny, president of the. association, ar- eeptiny his invitation. The message said: Krug Pledges West Coast Equal Reconversion Chance AVASHIXUTOX, Oct. 7. <£»>—War prnductiou throughout tin* country in the year after victory in Europe will be cut bark about 3L' per cent from the August rate, with reduction in prime contracts for west coast plant 3 running somewhat lower—about L'3 |_-er cent—Chairman J. A. Krug of the War Production Board wrote Representative King ID-Calif ) today. The letter lo the Callfornian, based on preliminary results of a \VPB study, was in reply to the expressed fears of King and other west coast representatives that their section might not be allowed to reconvert on a par with other ureas because of the necessity for continued production for the Japanese war after V-E Day. "There shall be equality of opportunity for all in ^conversion," Krug pVoniised. "Good Margin'* Highlights of Krug's letter were: •1. The west rot.st will have a "good margin" ot released facilities and manpower to start on reconver- sion along with the rest of the country. 2. Few luruo iudusinal areas will far behind others in reconver- sion. o. I'mk'r the \VPU spot authorization plan approval of west roast applications for reconversion totaled -5 per cent by number and 1.1 per rent by dollar value of the entire first group of approvals. On the basis of the wvst coast's share of American industry the proportionate allotment would have been around 7 per cent. Make B-29 Parts "I don't need to tell you," KruK wrote, "that the reduction is lower on the west coast than in the United States as a whole because some plants and shipyards on the Pacific coast will still be heavily engaged iu tho production of such essential war materials as B-l!9 and B-;i- super bombers, combat loader uhips, repair and maintenance uf ships, etc., for the Japanese war. "Nevertheless, the figures do make clear that the west coast will have a good margin of released facilities and manpower to get started on reconversion. And certainly they scotch the notion that the west coast will be maintained 100 per cent in war production while the rest of the country tools up and gets started on civilian output." MAYBE JAPAN ^F^F^^^»T^"^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^"^^W^^F^" •™-™-^^™ • • I !• • Lightning Twin Drives Resumed as U.S. Forces Charge Rail City Defenses Hodges' Men Achieve Major Breakthrough; Are Beyond Nazi Line SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE Oct. 7. n First (U.E) — The FORCE, Ame Army achieved a major breakthrough, 6 miles wide and 6 miles deep, north of Aachen today in a fanout of several miles which captured Alsdorf and Basenweiler and rolled swiftly toward the Rhine. Lion tenant-General Courtney H. Hodges' tanks and troops lunged through the Gorman defenses when resistance virtually collapsed in some sectors in the First Army's biggest, day since it jumped off into the Siegfried Line last Monday. Striking a lightning blow from the L'baeh sector jdown through Alsdorf and more than a mile beyond, the First Army narrowed to a little more than (> miles tho, hard-pressed German corridor north of Aachen. "Our tanks and infantry have fought their way out of some of the bloodiest bottlenecks ot" the campaign In the vicinity of Ubach and now are. masters* of the situation woll behind tho Siegfried Line/' I'M i ted Press (Correspondent Henry T. Gorrol! reported from First Army headquarters. Major Breakthrough Gun-ell quoted a First Army spokesman as saying: "\\'e have achieved a major breakthrough as a result ot" the maximum cooperation of air and ground forces. It has been a grand day. Enemy resistance has de- materially." days of fine weather had turned the tide in favor of the Allies north of Aachen, where in the I'barh region tho Yanks fought one of the bitterest battles of the western front. Gorrell said. Smash Through Forest To the southeast, other First Army forces smashed forward throuirh the Hurtgen Forest southwest of Duron more than a mile to Vossenneh, nine miles from Duren. Progress in the attack opened on that sector was described as slow but niPthodieal against dug-iu Ger- 'ui positions. American units which beat off on PagR Two Two Index lo Advertisers Abrams. Dr. K. P ................ _ ....... ^ 2 AmahMt Xin Arvin Theater 1'an e l!nn.-k's '•**«* ( 'it of i ho I ,ui]!i<lr ,lnhn W ....................... .. 3 Dr. Dayman's Animal Hospital.. 2 Kl I'atio pavilion Kir.-a Phui'ch First < 'hristian Church. Flicklngor-1 'iuior Foursquare Church F.i 11 Theaters t» v ^ ^f w ^ m mr ^f ^f ^m » ^f^ff ^B ^f ^p • ^^^^p ^T Full Gospt-l Tabernacle 5 (ioodfriends I rich Silver town Stor *» Granada Tlioatei II Trovatoro Ivors Furniture, K. C. H. S. „ o ... 3 Farm.. Kern Co. Republican C. C 2, 3 KERN KPMO La Granada Ballroom. Uni, T ***•**! „ 6 .. 3 Long, Dr. S. C „ 3 **••***< Nile Theater Oliver Implement Co... Perry Hufsteelier Phillips Music Co Riulto Theater „., River Theater ...... Rolling Hills Academy South Side Assembly of God The Barn Technocracy Tnion Avenue Dan UnUui Cemetery 6 •**••*** 4*1 *** 6 -, 6 6 s. Vun Vllet. Dick ...... Virginia Theater.... *•••»»**•**' 7.11 2

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