Friday, October 6, 1944 Cbttorial $age of Qtye IBakcrsfirlb Caltfornian ALFRED «H ABRELL • DI'lUB a K D PUBLIBHIE Caltfornma Entered In post office Ht Bakor.oflcM. California. a." wrnnd flnss mail under the net ol Cougrr.ss .M.-urh 3. 1?T!>. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PHE The Associated Press is Mcluslvixv rntl('' > il tn Ilir n so fiir tion of all news illcpati -hfy crt-ililril ID It nr nut Mh.-r« >s« in Inis paper, Rnd also the local nc\\H pull :>)i' 1 'l tln-i'-m. REPRESENTATIVES Tork, Chirac,>, S.-in Fr;in'is ,, l.--i SeattU' I'ditlan,!. I >' ">' i Tho Hiiskin r,ptcm I' By carrier or mail <in advnm-c) is pustai 7, .ins per month. Sic; tix monihf. S.VH': -me > • ,i r. »;• postal zones lour to ri^ht. IT: month. Jl. 1 '*. r.j mini in FOR STATE CONTROL T HE declaration of Slate Treasurer Charles G. Johnson, a member of the State Water Authority, that he proposes to ask the I.e^is- lafure at its 1!M.~> session to frame amendments designed to irlnrn control of the ('.(Mi- tral Valley Project to the slate is heartening. Originally the project was strictly a California directed program. The Federal Hureau of Reclamation look it over and the cost of construction as far as it has gone was met by the national government. That might have worked admirably if the power of bureaucracy had not become a factor in the conduct of this enterprise. There were those in Washington who thought it was more important to develop electric energy in opposition to the companies now engaged in developing and distributing electric power than in supplying water for irrigation, the original and prime purpose, of the project. We might look with equanimity upon the situation if it were' certain that such bureaucratic control would not be a factor next year and the years thereafter but there is no certainty as to thai, lint this is definitely a state project, conceived in the interest of making productive a vast area of arid land. That purpose holds the primary interest of the California public and there is scant patience with the proposal which now finds favor at Washington and which would give precedence instead to the development of power. Let us hope thai Ihe plan proposed by Treasurer Johnson finds favor with the Legislature and that we lake steps to bring back to California authority what was conceived in this slate the power to control and direct the construction which will nol prove a burden loo heavy lor the commonwealth to carry. Interests centering in California and in Kern County have demonstrated how speedily construction can be carried on to provide for the distribution of the waters of (he Kern River. There is no reason why the same- policy should not find favor with the state, thus eliminating the interference of Washington authorities who know nothing of the problems involved here and seemingly who care less. In connection with maintaining home government in stale affairs, President Roosevelt has said: "We are safe from the danger of any departure from the principles on which this country was founded just so long as the individual home rule of the stales is scrupulously preserved and fought for whenever it seems in danger." To be sure, thai was an expression made in 1!K?0, but isn't it just as true today as it was then? Maybe some of his associated ollicials should read his finding then and apply it to a disturbing situation now. _______ AMERICAN SPEARHEAD A srr..\niii;.\i> of American forces with the formidable weight of American reserves in men and war equipment behind it is now penetrating the tactical epidermal layer of the Reich east of L'haeh. The point of the spear is aimed at Ihe German vitals of Cologne and Dussehlorf. Lieutenanl-General Courtney II. Hodges is now sending his tanks on ahead into Germany in probing thrusts testing out the enemy strength and the improvised defenses made necessary when Ihe wesl wall north of Aachen was breached. As in the first World War, the Allies are now lighting in rivers of mud, for that is \vhat roads become when stirred up by Ihe treads of tanks and the wheels of trucks and motorized equipment. Breaching the Siegfried line by the Allies has bestirred the German propaganda agencies to new endeavors in preventive psychology—a preparation of the Germans for the actual invasion of their countrv. GERMANY AFTER THE WAR European war may nol be over until along in 1915 is borne out by the strengthening of the German lines. Resistance will, of course, be overcome in lime but it may nol be within this year which optimistic people have declared would see the end of hostilities. Indeed, one does not have to live in Germany lo look askance at some programs which have been proposed and given publicity. They are not favored because they do not offer an opportunity for the population of an enemy country to become self-supporting. Obviously that thought must have consideration of those who plan and those who arc seeking to solve the problems that will arise when the war is no more. The decree of Hitler that the underground forces in Germany will continue at war long after the army is conquered does not impress the populations of other nations. Certainly such strength will be greatly lessened when present leadership is destroyed. That is not to say that such leadership will not, in its desperation, make renewed effort to delay the invading forces both on the East and on the West. Hut it will mean delay only, not frustration. RETURN TO GREECE T in: airborne invasion of Crete by the Germans is regarded by military students as a classic example of this three-dimensional maneuver. It has been extensively analyzed not only in the "Infantry Journal." but in the "Stall 1 and Command" publications as well. It was a great blow against the Allies, particularly England's power in the Mediterranean when Crete fell with such rapidity after hard fighting by British troops, outmaneuvered and outnumbered by the Nazis. It was a gloomy piece of military business and depressing, but the British fighl the best when the going is roughest. The British, too, have long memories. In combination with pugnacity the combination has proved an unhappy one for the Germans. In 1911 the British were driven out of Greece by the Germans. Today the British are back on the Greek mainland at Patrai, third largest of the country's ports. The English profiled by their studies of the "classic airborne maneuver al Crete" and used the same ladies in landing in Ihe Greek province of Peloponnesus. As great planes roared overhead and gliders quietly rode the purpling air over the Grecian hills, the British parachute troops leaped to earth, their 'chutes blooming like great white flowers of death, and the Germans on the ground had the experience of seeing their own invasion techniques of Crete turned against themselves. And, oddly enough, when the British returned lo Greece they landed near the mythical birthplace of the greatest of Greek adventurers, Ulysses. It may not be long before the Allies have Crete again. P ERHAPS the German dictatorship has been strengthened insofar as national support is concerned by the purported Allied policies as they have been publicized from time to time. Certainly there is little sentiment in the Hitlerized area in favor of some suggested plans for control when Germany is fully occupied. Perhaps the stitl'ening of the lines in the East and the more effective resistance to invasion from the West may reflect the sentiment of the enemy people as against those policies having lo do with future industrial life, yes, and the future government of their country. In any event, it would seem that Mr. Churchill's thought and expression that the RANDOM NOTES It is worth while to again direct attention to what are unquestioned facts, that we have no longer a Communist parly in the United Stales, but that we have more Communists active in the affairs of political organizations, openly seeking to control the coming election. Unhappily, they have attracted the attention of some patriotic Americans who are wholly opposed to Communism and all thai it stands for. . We note that one such organization is, among'its other activities, busily engaged in raising money to be used in connection with the election in November. The leaders who were admittedly affiliated with the Communist parly make no secret of what their purpose is today. They have succeeded in securing influence in our official life and the number of them is increasing rather than decreasing. We know the great majority of the American people are not in sympathy wilh any effort to give those who do not believe in our way of life loo much authority in government. In fact, we realize that we have more of that now than is good for the nation. We shall have still more unless the Communists are defeated in their efforts to bring success lo Ihe movement which they are sponsoring. We have seen the injury thai has followed bad leadership in some activities in our country and, for that matter, abroad. We have no right to believe thai their influence will be exerted in behalf of American government for American people. They have never given any consideration lo that; they are looking to future changes closely asso- ciled wilh Communistic effort. Significantly, more people interested in making Communism an undercover factor in the election are acting as a unit; there is no division of opinion among them. And that in itself is reason for the concern growing throughout the nation over the possibility that the success thai has been achieved by the leadership in question may he emphasized in our future history. We have many millions of worthy citizens whose influence is of value to our national welfare and they do not agree with the thought that favors the Earl Browders as factors in our American life and in our political contests. TLe War To A EDITOR'S NOTE—Until inch time ai Ernie 1'yle'n column IB resumed following hie vacation. thi» apace will be uaed tnr war feature atnrlei. By HAL BOYLE LA f.'HAPELLE, France, Sept. 2S. (Delayed) iJPl— -A cold autumn rain taliped like silver pencils <m the windowpanes of a small French hotel in this Gallic version of Sinclair Lewis' "Main Street." A slattern duck washed her long neck happily in the sloppy gray waters of her feed trough In the court yard. Outside on the narrow sidewalk a prim rural mademoiselle shot annoyed glances at military vehicles speeding past and spraying her high russet boots with blobs of mud. I the third soldier, Private James Gas- j ton of Wintervflle, Miss., was proud i because they were in the first gasoline supply unit to operate east of I Paris. : The convoys moved on a special ! "red ball'' system of one-way roads fnnn which all slow-moving civilian and army traffic was banned. The | trucks were kept going day and I night without repairs—ami they i broke down before the tough and i loyal drivers broke. i "We moved so fast from place to ! place we could never count on meals and we were always running out of : rations," said Oaston, "So ',ve just scrounged wherever we could and "Take it easy, toots," the soldiers i picked up eggs, apples and tomatoes in nne truck yelled «s they rode past. Inside the hotel three truck drivers with dirty, stained uniforms and fatigue-lined faces sat at a small table rating a five dollar steak dinner and washing it down with a five dollar bottle of wine. The pi-ices were outrageous for sue)] a hotel, but the three soldiers didn't care if the me.-il cost their whole month's pay. It was their fir.st solid food in days and they \v»'rc' warm and out of the rain and nipping wind. All that worried them was whether the steak was real beef or horsi'ineat—and thyy weren't worried (no much about that. They won? "redball" truckdrivers —members of thru unsung and hardworking crew who keep flowing aliing the army's lifeline supplies of food, ammunition, medicine and clothing without which the front- lino troops would be helples?. I had stopped with Joe Madden, press win-loss operator of (14ii-'_ v S Quince street). Flushing. N. Y., after Ihe Jeep in which we were currying a load of perforator tape from Paris lo our press camp up front had broken down. As we waited for our .steak the three soldiers told us what it was like to be a truckdriver In those first mad days when they had to supply armies rampaging clear across France and Belgium and up into Holland and Germany. from French farmers—anything to keet) filled up." "For ten days we only had 2 or 3 hours' sleep each night," said Private Joe 1'atti, Chicago, adding that the outfit "highballed" a record total of 222,000 gallons of gasoline to the frontline area during one 24- hour period. "Yeah, we work 20 or 30 hours at a stretch—until we get that gas up where those tanks can use it," said Private First Class Marco A. Battista, Brooklyn, who like Patti and By RUSSELL ANNABEL t'nitod PreHS War Correspondent HEADQUARTERS, ELEVENTH A. A. F., ALASKA, Sept. 2S.-^-The battle was taking place 700 miles away but we In the radio operations room had grandstand seats. The pilots of two Mitchells, Lieutenant William Wodsmall Head. Jr.. La. Grange, Ky., and Lieutenant Albert Scott, Weleetka, Okla., were tolling us about it. They were off Paramiishiro in the Japanese Kurile islands. Breaking out of a fogbank, | they bad spotted a large freighter. First one, then the other, told us he \\iis "going in" through heavy flak td get that .ship. Time after time they went in and each time the Mitchells survived, but so did the ship. Then Scott made his last run. Head told us'about, it. All Scott's guns were blazing, Head said, his voice coming calm and clear out of the loudspeaker. It tensed. Scott's | bomber was wavering. We waited I only a split second before Head told us; what happened to it. It crashed into the ship, burning from previous hits. Head said he was going to "finish" it. We waited for him to report again, fearing he too would be lost. But he reported he had succeeded, though his plane was badly damaged. "I'm going to make a landing in neutral country," he said and that was the last we heard of the battle 700 miles away from which, so far as we know, there were no survivors. (Head's last message indicated he was heading for Russian Siberia where he may be safe with his crew.) The five victims included Lieutenant James Lawrence, bombardier, 22 Laurel avenue., Pacific Grove, Calif. Holl J Col umn (Ily LESTER COWAN) (I'ineh-li iUins tor Krskine Johnson) When 1 HO,000.000—or more—Americans can't be wrong it is a little difficult for a producer of motion pictures to be right. And that's just the spot Tin finding myself in today. At the suggestion of the late General McNair I undertook to make Ernio Pyle's book. "Here Is Your War," into a motion picture. The genenil figured that most of the branches of our arme<3 forces had been glorified in one v, ay or another in pictures and that it was a>>out time the infantry got a break. The infantry did, in Pyle's book. We announced several months ago that a picture was to be made bused on "Here Is Your War." We would call it "G. I. Joe" and Ernie Pyle would be a central character in the story. In the interview-ing months we have received thousands upon thousands of letters from G. I. Joes all over the world, from film fans, from newspaper readers as to who should play Ernie Pyle. Wo'ev licked our story problem, but we haven't yet llvked the job of casting that role. As far as T can judge from the mail, every reader of Ernie Pyle has a choice. And oven those citizens who don't pet a chance to read his column have scon his picture in various newspapers and magazines, or have watched him in newsrocls. and they all arc extremely definite in their choice of actor to play the role. Naturally, we want someone who looks as much like Ernie as possible. But the resemblance can't stop there. The actor must have the same humannoss, the same humility, the same grcat-heartedness that Er- nie Pyle himself displays so vividly. Sometimes a producer reads a. story or a script and says "This Is for Clark Gable." or "This is for Betty Grahle" or whoever. But casting Ernio Pyle is a totally different problem. Dozens of actors have been suggested by wen-meaning friends—Gary Cooper. Jimmy Gleason, Walter Brennan. Burgess Meredith, Barry Fitzgerald, and countless others. All are excellent actors, logical candidates. But they don't have to please me; they have to please 130,000,000 Americans and all the G. I. Joes in the urmcd forces. A great percentage of the mail I have received comes from soldiers who have known Ernie Pyle. From the Files of The Californjan TEN YEARS AGO* (The Cnlifomian, this elate. 1934) Mrs. Seymour IT. Robinson was reelected president of Infants' Friend League when members met at the home of Mrs. D. M. Mills Friday afternoon. She has served for several years and was the unanimous choice for the coming season. Miss Louise Theile and .loseph Tener were married last evening at First Congregational Church. Miss Nolle Whitley and Paul C. DeWItt were married in the ballroom of Lebec hotel last night. War clouds are looming, Dr. Livingstone Porter of the state department of education told a Taft audience last night. Doctor Porter spent two days on the West Side with administration officials of the high school and junior college. George L. Henderson has been named Americanism chairman for Frank S. Reynolds Post, American Legion. TWENTY YEARS AGO 'The Cnllfiirnlan. this date. 1(124) Miss Laura Lamb became the bride of Harry Libby Sunday morning at Trinity Methodist Church. Club leaders of the state and nation will gather for the convention of business women to be held here, opening Thursday. Among visitors will be Jessie Ackerman, known as the world's most traveled woman. An epidemic of petty thefts over the last week end has been reported by police headquarters. Victims include George Capitan. who lost a jar of chewing gum. Dr. Frank O. Belden has accepted the call to be minister of First Baptist Church here. The post office at Osjliek was looted by thieves, taking $100 in cash, but Ignoring stamps and other valuables. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Cnllfoinian. this date. 1914) Headlines: German Cavalry Around Lille in Masses. Movement Considered Important by* French War Office. Russians Report Germans Retreating by Train Loads. General Von Mogen Replaces General Von Himlenburg in Eastern Prussia. The Japanese embassy in Washington anounced today the landing of Japanese bluejackets on one of the Marshall islands. The ambas sador insists that this dot's not depart from the fixed policy of the mikado and is fully within the scope of his pledge. J. AV. McCormick has purchased Bakerst'ield Business College, located at the corner of I and Twenty-first streets. Mrs. A. C. Maude left last week for Oakland to remain a few weeks. WASHINGTON, Oct. fi. — The j Dewey tax plan is a deftly political- zed composite of the several new nd somewhat revolutionary tax programs publicized recently. The experts here generally think t will work. In fact It represents he currently running thought in 'ongress—the apparent inclinations if the congressional tax leaders. The administration has not yet of- icially committed itself either hrough the treasury or White louse, although, as Dewey noted, ne unofficial administration spokesmen have been unofficially sidling toward some of the ideas. The theory, In its utmost slmpllc- ty, is to have a large national in- 'ome and a low permanent tax struc- ure—at least much lower than that >f today. In short, it proposes to raise a lot of money by smaller taxes on larger ban prewar ingomes—with com- iletp abandonment of the old New eal theory of tax and spend, soak veryone with an income in order to •aise funds for free flowing govern- iient expenditures (Keynes theory). Unquestionably the government vill he forced to these methods by mpelling postwar factors, the basic heories of which were first evolved, r at least noted, In this column, he- ginning a year or more back as you vill recall. Dewey kept his variation of the mderlying theme in generalized erms. Ditching of the taxes on the ower brackets certainly means cancellation of the victory tax. But he did not say how much he .vould lower the income and corporation taxes, thus avoiding the u-guments involved in the new Ruml plan, that of the Committee n Econt rule Development (an or- ;anizatlon of a group of top business nen, endorsed both by the United States Chamber of Commerce and he National Association of Manufacturers). In a casting case of this kind hundreds of suggestions come in from enthusiastic Pyle Cans from all over the country recommending various "unknowns" who "look just like Ernie." We are investigating every prospect, as it is not necessary that an experienced actor play the part. When we get these suggestions, an experienced talent scout makes an investigation, reports on the possibilities, and, it' they are favorable, we make a test. That was the case recently with "Rosy" Kosewell, the Pittsburgh radio announcer, who bears a close resemblance to Ernie, | and who is a definite,, candidate for I the role. His test was good. Naturally, we want to pul "G. T. Joe" into production as quickly as possible, but it will not go before the cameras until we have the one right personality. Ernie Pyle is more than a great war correspondent; he is an American tradition. Copyright, 1944, NBA Service, Inc. FORTY YEARS AGO 'Thi> Califcirnian. this date, 1904) Borax Smith is behind the scheme to form a new county on the desert pared from Kern, San Bernardino and Inyo counties. A mass meeting of Filipinos is to be held Sunday at the National theater in Manila in favor of the American movement for Philippine Independence. Japan will place contracts immediately for 20 warships to be com pleted as soon as possible in this country. In the United States Circuit Court yesterday Judge Wellborn signec decrees in the Fresno sheep cases granting a perpetual injunction against the defendants. This restrains them from driving their .sheep across the Sierra reservation without permission from officers. Questions and Answers -(By THE HASKIN SERVICE)- FIFTS \EARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1894) S. N. Reed, president of Bowers Republican Club, will deliver an ad dress tonight to members of Panama Club at Panama School. Hoboes who infested the town Thursday night stole a sack of flout at Hirshfeld store and sold it in the cast end for 50 cents. They also stole a whip from a bus and some blank els from an uptown store. The Keverend L. A. Greene leaves tonight for L,os Angeles to remain a few days before going by steamer to Sun Francisco. He will not return The temperance people of Bakers field will organize a society. High school pupils now have literary society with Charles Holton as president and Iluth Rice as sec rotary. F. \V. Craig, candidate lor county clerk, will campaign in Kern dis trict this week. Q. Are there any words associated with the carillon of big Ben?—A. Al. A. The following are the words associated with Big Ben: In all the press of multitudinous days, nor fails the breath of prayer, the sound of praise, serene above the city, day and night the chimes ring out with every quarter's flight; O Lord out- God, be Thou our guide, that by Thy help no foot may slide. Q. Is there a law governing the removal of trophies from a battlefield.?—H. K. G. A. International law prohibits taking war trophies from prisoners of war. or from the wounded or dead. It permits, however, the retention of small objects found on the battlefield, anil the purchase of items from prisoners of war. Q. What is meant by minority presidents?—O. K. G. A. The term refers to those Presidents of the I'nited States who receive fewer than half of the total popular votes cnsl. Lincoln in 18<i(> polled half a million votes less than the total. Wilson in 1»12, Hays in |S7(> and Harrison in 1S8S did not receive the total vole. Q. What is the. widest bridge?— 13. K. M. A. The widest of the large bridges is the one over Sydney (Australia) harbor. On one level It has four lines of electric railway tracks, a six- lane vehicular roadway, two 10-foot walks, making It a total of IliO feet in width. Q. What Is the helghth of the Matterhorn, the Alpine peak?— S. McB. A. The Matterhorn hus two summits, the .Swiss, 14,692 feet high and the Italian which was calculated by Swiss engineers to bo about 43 Inches lower. Q. What is the record' yield per acre of potatoes?—W. D. AI. A. The Department of Agriculture says that the largest officially measured yield of potatoes on a measured acre was made in 1934 by Xuckerman Brothers of Stockton. The yield was 1155.8 bushels. Q. AVhat is the derivation of the word amateur?—L. K. C. A. Amateur comes from the Latin amator which means lover. Menke says that the term in reference to sport probably was revived and given its present day spelling about 1788 in connection with the English heavyweight boxer "Gentleman Jack" Jackson, who refused to share in any of the collected money or side bets. Q. How great a distance is there between the highest mountain and the deepest place in the ocean?— P. C. K. A. From the top of the highest mountain to the deepest known place in the sea. the perpendicular distance is over 12 miles. The greatest sea depths are about 1 mile in excess of the greatest heights on land. Q. Is the Pope officially neutral in political matters?—C. E. E. A. The Lateral! Treaty, signed in 1929, pledges the Pope to perpetual neutrality in political disputes between governments and to abstention from international congresses called to cope with them, unless his mediation is requested by both parties. This is the Vatican policy also. Q. How many islands are there in the Pacific ocean?—N, O. V. A. The islands and the innumerable islets, atolls, and reefs have never been counted. The Solomons alone reputedly consist of 10,000 Islands and islets, the Philippines and the Netherlands Indies over 7000 each. Less than SOOO Pacific islands are named. Q. Is the golden hamster a native of the United States?—S. E. P. A. This small rodent is a native of Jerusalem and parts of Asia. It has been Introduced into this country and is very useful for experiments. It thrives under laboratory conditions. SO THEY SAY Before we commit ourselves to join any world organization to preserve the status quo of a peace treaty, w< should know the terms of tha treaty. We should know whether Russia or England or any other o our Allies intends to seize territories of countries now recognized by th< United States.—Senator Burton K Wheeler (Democrat) of Montana. A woman's eyes are her most im portant romantic asset. Men don' know it, but it is while looking into a. woman's eyes that they get th urge to propose.—Miss Louise Mor ris, Kansas City, AIo., beautician, to American Cosmeticians' Nationa Association. To request more than you need if inefficient. To waste what you have is sabotage.—Lieutenant-Gen oral Ben Lour to his army grounc forces command. N ews .111 -(By PAUL MALLON)- N ews But he did turn away from the Twin Cities tax plan by ignoring its basic recommendation for a 5 per cent general sales tax, and, as a matter of fact, the sales tax subject entirely. He wants to cut down excise taxes (as do Ruml and CED) which are in reality sales taxes, so obviously he is against that method. Behind his reasoning apparently are some specific figures worked out by CED, which indicate the theory . is practical and would support the government. That plan contemplated employment of 55 000,000 persons at a 40-hour week on approxi-^ matelv present wages and prices to get the necessary $140,000,000,000 of Income. Out of that government would take $•'0 000,000,000 in taxes of wTiich about $6,000,000,000 would be required for carrying the war debt and the other $14,000,000,000 would provide government expense, which will no doubt be much heavier than prewar due to necessities of national defense. If national income goes above $140.000,000,000 they would use additional tax money derived therefrom to retire the, debt. Their basic rate on both Individuals and corporations would be approximately the same, 16 to 20 per cent. I judge Dewey did not care to accept the details of any of these methods, but is In accord with their theory and therefore, is swimming In the direction toward which the general tide here recently turned. If just one of his points is realized, tax reform is assured. If a permanent basic tax structure can be evolved on a basis of common justice to all classes, the country can escape from the present madly-confused results of politically piling new tax adjustments yearly upon last year's complications. (Wurld copyright, 1944. by King Features Syn- rtiratp. Inc. All rluhts reserved. Itpproduction In full or ,n p«rt Btrictly prohibited.) on -(By PETER EDSON) H o Jl m m Women newspaper correspondents in Washington have their own "wolf list" made up of capital celebrities it is unwise to interview alone. One venerable legislator with a fondness for giving the gals a fatherly pat on the knee from time to time has been dubbed the "Garter Snapper." Among others are a "Revolving Door Romeo" who pinches, an "Elevator Lothario" and a "Desk Athlete." These "public enemy" appellations give a clew to their behavior. For protection, the gal reporters interview these in public. There is a head waitress in one of Washington's leading hotels who has her own size-up on many of the solons who are her patrons, her estimate of Capitol Cowboys being somewhat different from reputations they bear as statesmen and politicians. She tells about one southern congressman who, when she goes to take his order, invariably gives her a big grin and says, "Honey, you know what I want— a little bit of you on toast." War Mobilization Director James F. Byrnes, speaking before a National Press Club luncheon, was asked if he favored raising wafr<» ceilings by breaking the Little Steel Formula. "Whoever asked that," said Justice Byrnes, "was certainly no friend of mine." Asked later if he intended to resign his OWM job, as he stated he intended to do last June, he got around the question by explaining that the new reconversion bill provided for the appointment of a new "Director of War Mobolization and Reconversion" and the turning over to this office of all the work of the present OWM. "So," said Justice Byrnes, "if I do nothing, I'll have nothing to do." Democratic glamor gal Helen Gahagan Douglas of Hollywood, who is a candidate for election to Congress, got herself in a glorious mess and got some publicity she wasn't counting on in Dies Committee inves- tigations of the C. I. O. Poetical Action Committee. Dies Investigator Robert E. Stripling introduced a telegram from Mrs. Douglas to Senator Claude Pepper which said: "If at all possible, please prevail upon Vail Pittman to run against McCarran In Nevada. Everything Is in his favor and he is most elect- able." • Strike one against Mrs. Douglas Is that Pittman was defeated by Senator McCarran. Strike two is an unwritten law that no candidate for Congress has any business interfering in his party's primary in another state. Strike three: The C. I. O.-P. A. C. paid for her telegram. t Another good deed which Dies Sleuth Stripling did in his P. A. C. investigation was kill for the duration of this political campaign the myth that the national headquarters of the C. I. O.-P. A. C. did not endorse local candidates for offfce, leaving that entirely to the state and local units of P. A. C. Introduced into the Dies record was a telegram sent out by Raymond S. McKeough. former Illinois congressman and Chicago OPA official, now midwest P. A. C. director. The wire went to all his state directors and it said: "Please immediately notify all locals and P. A. C. committees throughout your state to positively make no political endorsements until approved by regional and national offices of the C. I. O.-P. A. C." Back in the early days of the African campaign, when American and British officials didn't know who to trust or how much, it was common practice to refer to many prominent people in code names. One famous general, for instance, was "Grandfather." Another was "French Heel." There was one celebrity, however, who defied classification until an expert in semantics suggested calling him "Ybsob." It had a good Arabian sound to it, and It stuck. The "YB" stood, he explained, for "Yellow bellied." XLe Readers'Viewpoint EDITOR'S NOTE—Letters should be limited to 150 words; may ittack Ideas but not ncnnru; must not be abusive and should be written legibly and on one side of ton paper. The Callfornlan la not responsible for the sentiments contained therein and reserves the right to reject any letters. Letters must beat an authentic address and sisiiimre, althouib these will be withheld If desired. A render van »et the nnawfr tu any question tit tact liy writing The HakmUi-Iti Californinn Infuimatlon Bureau. Sin Eye street. N. K.. Washington, i, D. C. Please enclose thiee 131 cents fur reply. A PEN SHAFTS A Maryland man says his wlfi spent $5000 trying to reduce. Shi succeeded—as far as the bank roll was concerned. What this country needs Is the sort of driving that will give the pedestrian his rights at last instead of his last rites. To be sitting on top of the world isn't such a hot idea. Consider the Eskimo. Some people have to be sick before they'll stand up and take their medicine. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY Because thou hast kept the word o/ my patience, 1 also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon ail the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth. — Revelations 3:10. * * * Why conies temptation but for man to meet and' master and make crouch beneath his foot, and so be pedestaltd in triumph? — Robert Browning:. WAR POLICIES Editor The Californian: Those who have observed children, know how thoroughly they en- Joy destroying things. You build up blocks; they happily tear them down. It all represents a phase of development. Later you will see them beginning to build up. Putting things together rather than tearing down. But this does not happen in all cases. Some go through life tearing down. If they cannot accomplish this literally, as Hitler and his gang have done, they do it through criticism and innuendo and faultfinding. To these people nothing that Is— is right. Though what they would substitute and how they would accomplish a reform is usually vague and unrealistic as they present It. That turning a peace-time country of ISO million people into a war production country in two years with an output that astonished the world and terrified our enemies—a feat that took superb planning and executing—Is something these people blandly overlook. That keeping the millions on millions of war workers on the job daily with all their various unions and their multiple problems; with a minimum of strikes, without using i a big stick and with little show of military force—la an accomplishment never before equaled. This is not only disregarded but openly criticised by these same people. That during all this time our own people have suffered little or no hardship of war at home (only minor inconveniences) is another thing they do not admit. That our soldiers are better provided for and better cared for than any soldiers in the world's history— is also ignored. That during Roosevelt's administration, an organization hae been built up (the F. B. I.) that not only has protected our industries from saboteurs and espionage but many of our citizens from annihilation and destruction"—Mlkewise does not sink in. Carless thinkers—like the one who signs himself "America First" sneer at Winston Churchill and the English—disregarding the fact that If Churchill and the indomnitable Eng- lish had not withstood the Germana at terrific cost, those same Germans so hardly pressed on their own fronts now, without a doubt by this time would be on American soil— pushing through Dakar to the South Americas that were so honeycombed with Nazis long before the war. Let those critics read Walter Lippmann's United States War Aims where he shows how two wars have proved conclusively that England, France and all the Americas must stand together irrevocably for all < time to preserve the peace. That misunderstandings and criticism must not retard our destiny. Why not do a little reading and substitute a little real thinking for the' prejudices so many use instead? After all, we are citizens of the greatest commonwealth of the world. Are we worthy to be called citizens or shall we go on Jjeing weighted down with prejudices and childish misconceptions? G. I. YOUNG. 2317 Dracena street, Bakersfield. DEFENDS DOGS Editor The Californiun: I would like Mrs. M. K. Y. to give me the Bible references she quoted about dogs. I am in favor of a humane society. Dogs have been one of man's greatest friends. In 1884, Doctor Parks, a Chicago surgeon, made experiments on 37 dogg. They were placed under the In-, fluence of ether. Then shot. Those dogs were responsible for expert surgery we have today. It was in this way that men learned the spleen could be removed, that a portion of the stomach coul£ be cut out because of cancer; that gall bladder could be removed, part of a bladder could be dissected away. The modern surgery pwes Its success to the lower animals. Dogs do give their lives and save humanity. How about the war dogs? God gave man the rulership of all animals. But God will also require an answer of man in the Judgment Day for the cruelties not only of helpless children, old »ge, but willful neglect of anl- •mala in their charge, God loves animals or lie never would have created them. (Signed) MRS. E. G. O. Bakersfield, September 27, 1944.
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