The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 5, 1944 · Page 26
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 26

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Thursday, October 5, 1944 Cfcitonal $age of Wfje JJakerstftelb Caltfornian ALFRED H A R R E L L ID 11 U I 1 N D I'UBLISHEt Kntered in post office nt B;ikrrsfirl.1. California. ns mall under the net oi Congress M..r. h .", l.S MEMBER OF THE ASSOC]ATKI) PRKSS The AFSoriatpri Press IP inclusively rnlitlrd to thi> us" I'm- |MlM" tion of all nr\vs di£i)>;tt< h"p rn'ililr.l to it or i:"t n! h'i wi.-<-' nruit in this paper, and also the local news ] u!>li!-h<'<l ihr>i>-m. REPKESKXTAT1VKS Wchi-IIoliriny Co.. Inr. New Tork. riiieitiro. Sjin Kritm'isTi. I.« Sejittle, J'orlland. Denver WASHINGTON. D. <'.. lit'Iir Tha Haskin Per.HP, Wiifhir^um By carrier or mail (in nilvance.) in ]>ost;il 7.»uf? : per month, SSc; nix months. Jfi.l'i; one VPM, J:> postal zones four to eight, per month, fl.n... A GENEROUS RESPONSE W ITH organization completed, the I'liited War Chest officials and workers will start (he drive for a quota of $120.000 Monday next, at a meeting to be addressed by Commander Donald Nelson and which will further publicize the plans calculated to make the drive successful. The scheduled speaker gives emphasis to the movement, which it is believed will have the enthusiastic support of the people of this community, when be says, "If the people here at home could have seen just one day of the bloody battle at Tarawa, with our wounded lying all over the beach, some still lighting, they would no.l hesitate one minute to give one day's pay and more to the War ("best Drive." Knowing the service the total fund to be created through this activity will render, it may be said the people of the community will, indeed, not hesitate. They realize that whal they give to this worthy movement will not only aid local causes that need assistance but will be of incalculable value to our soldiers who arc fighting on the battle fronts of the world. This drive will continue through October 18. There are 29 member agencies participating, many of them having to do with our armed forces. Local activities have had wide support in the years gone by in similar drives, but what the people arc asked to do now is to provide, in a single campaign a sufficient amount for all of the given purposes. To raise our part in this community undertaking we must not fail to have generous community co-operation. PRAISES FOR THE PRESS E VERYWHEHK there is recognition of the service performed by the free pi-ess of America during this critical era of the war- torn years. Among the expressions in emphasis of that thought is one from the President, himself, who says in a published statement: "The press of America is in the forefront of democracy's battle for survival. It is helping to win that battle and will help to win the peace and a better and free world in the future. . . . By providing people with honest news it has enlightened their minds and strengthened their will, it has loyally shared in the sacrifices imposed by the need to ration essential materials, it has gladly and voluntarily abided by a code of censorship." Yes, and its wide service has not failed to attract the attention of the people generally, of those who had little patience with unjust criticism in times gone by, who recognize that through the years the same high standard that inspires the journals of today was likewise their inspiration in the years gone by. Every movement designed to advance the nation's cause has had the fair and impartial support of the press of the nation. It has given its space freely to advance the cause that must be served and it is good to have its position recognized today even by those who were among its severe critics in the past. SAVING THE GOVERNMENT T ut SATURDAY EVKMM; POST, in opposing a fourth term for the President, wonders categorically if "We will save the American form of government," and in an article bearing this title points out thai during the period between March of 11KH5 and .June of 1941, the government has issued 70,511 directives, grants, orders and prohibitions telling the people of America what they arc; permitted to do and what they may not do. These directives, if published in book form, would require (12,202 pages to con- lain the 9;j,000,000 words of the legally phrased, and hard-to-read subject matter. Indeed, it would require one person 10 years of uninterrupted reading to get through 93,000,000 words. But the overwhelming mass of written directives is not in its mounting scope, the chief reason for concern over the direction of government, but the conception behind the directives. The Saturday Evening Post points out that the people were not a part to the establishment of these rules and regulations and the creation of many of them "was in direct disregard of the expressed will of the people's elected representatives. The numerous agencies which have been created are no I government by law. They are government outside the Jaw. That is often the way they operate." Many persons have noted in recent years predisposition of those administering the processes of government in this country to proceed on a basis of giving us llio kind of government they think we should have rather than (lie kind of government we want and ask for. The law assoeialions of America have been insistent in pointing out to the public that there has been a most alarming trend in this country to govern through bureaus and not through our conventional administrative channels, and that the bureaus in many instances have usurped, through the directives, the lawmaking prerogatives of our legislative bodies as they should function under normal democratic conditions. ARGENTINA EMBARGO F IMST of what may result in a series of embargoes against the Argentine is a maritime prohibition affecting American merchant ships our government has forbidden all such vessels to carry Argentine cargoes. The order became effective the first of this month, according to our State Department. It is not long since thai Secretary of Slate Cordell Hull announced what everyone has known for months, that Argentina had a Fascist government. It is now commonly assumed that our shipping prohibition directed at the Argentine is a manifestation of our disapproval of the dictatorial I'arrell regime. There seems no question but what the relationship between the- L'nited Slates and the Argentine has become strained with the outright declaration of Argentinian friendship for the Nazis, particularly at a time when the Xa/is are waning in power and military prestige throughout the world. Whether the Slate Department will ultimately evoke sanctions against the Argentine remains for the actions of our southern neighbor and time to decide. The Argentine espousal of German political concept seems particularly stupid and irritating to this country, particularly in contrast to the action of Hra/il, which has its soldiers fighting side by side with our own in Italy for the freedom of European peoples rather than their enslavement. A (JREAT AMERICAN Tkc Wai- Today EDITOR'S NOTlC*-UntU pitch time an Ernie I'yle'm column la resumed following hli vacation, this apace will be used fnr war feature «tones. By HARRISON" SALISBl'MY I'nited 1'reRS KoreiBn News l-Miior The question most people ask ' revealed last summer, many Rus- hear you've just come ' sians were worried. They were whether the Rns- ; afraid the Xa/is would crack up before the Rod Army g"t into Germany. "How do Russians like Americans'.'" They feel at home with us. They first ; When they ! from Moscow is I sions arc? going to help us against j Japan. I The next question frequently is j whether we are going to have lo ! fight Hie Russians after this war. I have been interrogated by civil-' laugh at pretty much the same kind ian official.", generals, admirals, and I of jokes. They're like Americans in drinking habits—they drink plain fl. I.s in many weeks of travel through Iran. India, Australia, and the Pacific since leaving Russia. My answers are not personal opinions but must represent what I have- been told in dozens of conversations with Soviet officials and Keel Army officers, by the official Mussian press and what I've heard in thousands almost every I'nion. First. "Are the Russians going to help us against Japan'.'" So far as the official record goes. Uussia has made no commitment to helj) us in the Pacific. Russia and Japan are bound by a neutrality pact which does not expire until April I'.'j. H)4(i. However, most com- diplomatic observers of miles of travel to politics at corner of the Societ the their liquor to feel the effects. They like the way' we hustle and get things done. They admire our industry. Henry Ford is still a great name in Uussia. One thing Russians can't understand is why Americans laugh and wisecrack about serious things. They can't understand American all. "Are the Russians really licking the Germans or are the Nazis making a planned retreat?" Brother, they're really licking them. The toughest moment in a X'izi's life conies when he makes up his mind to try to surrender to a Red Army man. The ordinary Red '\rrny man feels about the Germans petent diplomatic observers believe „.„. oll| . , s fo(> , , llltnlt the that Uussia will participate in the | .i a |,, ln ,, SP . than take final phases of the Pacific war. presumably some months after Germany has been defeated. Present Russo-Japanese relations are correct but chilly. Soviet newspapers delight ill recounting .lap reverses in the Pacific, never failing to point out that the Japanese are getting | what they deserve' for trying to be a tail to Hitler's kite. "Arc we going to have to fight the Russians after this war?" No one in Uussia thinks so. The Muscovite-in-tlie-street hopes for a long period of peace and security when the fighting is over. Stalin has I old every American he has talked to in the last year exactly the same thing. "Will the Russians go into German.\ '.'" Thc> Russians are aching to smash the Wehrmacht on its home ground. When the plot against Hitler was A .im:i> K. SMITH, the "Happy Warrior," who was horn in the slums of New York, a consistent Tammany supporter, four times Governor of New York State, passed away in his native city after a short illness. Without opportunity insofar as education and environment were concerned, he gave real service to his city and to his stale. Always his puhlic life was devoted to the constituents he represented and his administration as their chief executive was conducted in their interest. Always, too, in official life he sought the advancement of his fellows and the admirable record lie made endeared him to those who so often honored him. His physician said whal is in the mind of many a cilixen of this country: "He was a real man, a real father and a great American." RANDOM NOTES The issue of taxation and its effect on industry appears to he making converts. We say "appears" advisedly, for among those who have changed their thought, or profess to have done so, are Harry Hopkins and Vice-President Wallace. Not so long ago Mr. Hopkins was enthusiastic over the theory of "lax and lax and spend and spend and elecl and elect." Hut now he is convinced, or says he is, that we must do something to encourage industry to prepare itself for more and more activity in the postwar era in order to supply employment to the thousands who will soon he seeking it. We may not know just what it was thai converted Mr. Hopkins. Perhaps il was the yearning to hold his job as administration adviser; for the holding of jobs is too often today connected with the securing of votes. So we are curious to know if Mr. Hopkins is really concerned over the future of industry and therefore the future of labor, or whether his primary interest is personal. Of course we should be grateful that the arguments in favor of a lessening of the tax bur| den now tind favor with him but still we | wonder if they actually have made an im; prcssion upon him. Or does he just talk : that way? Mr. Wallace, too! We all remember his ! theory as to government as it was expressed i by words and actions during the period in which he served as Secretary of Agriculture. His thoughts having to do with the welfare of the farmers then were quite different from those he expresses now; and the same thing is true in connection with his services as Vicc-Prcsident and as adviser of the administration. We would like to believe that these two exponents of principles thai have jiol had their favor in the past have become converts now lo another governmental policy. Still, the'question will arise, "Have they been converted?" We await further evidence. Perhaps Rex Tugwell will express himself, too, at a lime not too far distant, that is, prior lo the election of November 7. He'd rather shoot first a chance. German officer prisoners say frankly that the Red Army is stronger and — often — better led and better equipped. "What do the Russians want to do with Germany after the war?" The Russian man or woman who has been toiling 12 or 14 hours a day in a war plant since the start of the war has no sympathy for Germany. There's hardly a Russian family which hasn't lost someone at the front or in a civilian massacre. These people feel that the only good German i» a dead German. After the war they want to put the surviving Germans to work rebuilding Russia's ruined cities. If there's anything left of German .industry they want its output to help the restoration. They don't care now Germany is carved up. but they want to be dead certain she is so weak that she never again can make war. Holly wood. Col -—(By GYPSY ROSE I,KK)- (Pinch-Hitting for Krskine Johnson) Washoe Pines Dude Ranch. Carson City, Nev. Dear Krskine: Hero I am, as you suggested—in print. Only this time I'm the typographical engineer. This should be a pleasant task', my fine frescoed journalist. Usually, T rattle off a thousand words before I gain control of my larnyx. Carson Kitty from Carson City, that's what they call me out here. This Nevada dude ranch is a great place for a girl to outgrow her girdle. Pure western air must be composed largely of carbohydrates, oxygen and ether. 1 can't stay awake after 8 p. m. And I have trouble refraining from third helpings of everything at breakfast. Now 1 know why they call these the wide open spaces. The natives' faces are wide open with honest friendliness; we tenderfeet are just wide open with vulnerable surprise. Everything else is wide open. too. with the state's blessing. Emporiums of chance harbor fascinating green- topped tables, down which numerical cubes playfully tumble or little ivory balls click into slotted wheels. Many of the belles remind me of my recently completed picture with Randy Scott, Dinah Shore and Bob Burns at International, "Belle of the Yukon." Several times when Robert Service visited us at the studio during the filming of "Belle," we chatted about his famous characters. Dan McGrew and the Lady known as hou. They were composites of types he knew in Dawson City during those gold-boom days in the frozen north at the turn of the century. "We call these belles 'Roccoco Rachels.' " Truman Vencil explained, indicating some pretty girls watching the play at a nearby table. Still hungry for knowledge, I bit. "Why?" "Because they're so ornamental," he laughed. I'm trying to curb my curiosity. Inside metropolitan city limits, 1 know what's what: but out here in the sparser populated areas my education seems neglected. Why they call these men cowboys is another mystery. I ain't seen one yet who looked a day under 50. (I'm tossing in the grammatical vernacular so friends will know I've picked up some local color, if not tan.) I always thought cowboys were bow-legged because their chaps were made that way. But they aren't, believe me. When they walk it's just plain parenthetical locomotion. But the funny thing to me is that they seldom seem to ride horses. They ride station wagons. "Oats is so high, lady. It's easier to rassle with the ration board for them high-octane feed coupons." The wild west is tamed and the civilized world is growing wilder. Cowboys are riding automobiles, blacksmiths are vulcanizing hot water bottles and tire dealers have more gadgets on their counters than a drug store. Over at Carson City there's a saloon called the "Bucket of Blood." The Red Cross should be notified about this place. Judging by the libations dispensed there, five pints of plasma from the Bucket of Blood would win the war!—Gypsy, the Belle of the Yukon. Copyright, 1SI44, NEA Service, Inc. 1 lie JReaders' Vnewpoani KDITOU'S NOTE—-Letters should be limited to 150 Kurds; may attack idoas hut nnt pet sons; iniiM iiui he aliusive nnd .should he written l^ethly and rn OIIP hide of tlm paper. The r&llfnrninn is not ifspnnsihle for the sentiments cnninined therein mid reserves the riplit to inert anv letters. Lfitir;* must bear ail authentic iiddri's.s and siKHHturt?, itlthouyti thf.se will be withhold if desired, WORD FOR OKLAHOMA Editor The Californian: Jly husband being an evangelist, we have traveled the country from border to border and from coast to coast. We have seen the states, and the good and bad that hail from each of them. We love them all: they make America. But never have I had such a desire to cry out in defense of a state as I have the state of Oklahoma. Last year, when we arrived in California, we were at once asked from what slate we came. Wo answered proudly, "Oklahoma." We were looked at as if we were "bugs." Then we began to hear the name "Okie-" most everywhere we went. I will admit that I did not know what the word meant until I asked. Then I was told that an "Okie" was an Oklahoman. 'Twas then I really felt the disgrace of being a "bug." "Why, they come here in droves," they told us. in old cars, with two mattresses on the top of them and pots and pans fenders. "Why do they asked. "Oh, to got work and some of California's money," said the woman, who had never seen the state of Oklahoma. My heart bled, as my thoughts went back to a, scene 1 witnessed just before we left the Hlate of Oklahoma. There was a man who owned a lovely little farm, lie was happy with his wife and two children. He knew nothing of the "hurry life" that we live In California and he wanted none of It. lie had plenty of the necessities of life, but he was getting ready to come to California. He was carefully placing two mattresses on his car, for he knew not what the trip would be, nor where he would find a place to sleep when he arrived. When we questioned him as to why he was doing such a thing, he answered In this way, "I have someone to care for rny farm. They are calling for men and I'm going to do my part. 1 can't fight, but I'll find a job to do. Yes, It's a sacrifice, but so is my hoy making a sacrifice. I'm and 1 plait to stay as long as thev need me." I knew by the tears in his eyes that he was sincere. No, California, they did not come here with their best. They left that in Oklahoma. And you'll see them going back when this war is over, still with two mattresses on their cars. We have traveled Oklahoma through her oil fields to the governor's mansion. Her people are the "salt of the earth" because they are the same—Americans. MRS. JOHN W. WILSON, SaiS Monterey St.. Bakersfield. dangling from the come here?" 1 DOCS IN WAR Editor The Californian: In regards to a letter appearing on September 26 Headers' Viewpoint "About Dogs." Has the writer ever stopped to think that dogs are playing a large part in today's war? There are a hundred different things' dogs are good for, protecting our homes, our children. There are also many cases where dogs have saved human lives. I don't believe it would be difficult to find an experienced person, whn has a dog's interest at heart, to fill the head of a humane society here in Hakersfield. A person who flatly says that they can't love a dog must have an Iceberg for a heart. You will never find a human who can be a more faithful friend than a dog. MRS. C.KOKGE NELSON. ELKCTION NEWS Editor The Californian : A. group of mothers were discussing what we thought about all this election news and this worry about unemployment. Wo saw a big full page of pictures of those running for office and over in one corner a story of the "Trapped Sky Unit" or maybe "B-29's Raid Manchuria." Now, who Is important in the war news? AVe say our boys. If these older men, who have been making high wages, can't survive and help others, let them go out there and taj<e the places of our 18-year-old boys. They can't vote. But we can. Also wait until they come back. Then who cares if we miss a meal or two or H, fur coat. A GROUP OF WAK MOTHERS. From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Culifcirman, Ihisrtulc, 1934) Forrest Frick has been re-elected president of Kern County Farm Bureau. As great an array of stock and riders has been assembled for the first annual Bakersfield Frontier Days show at the fairgrounds as has been seen at a western rodeo. Thirty-five per cent of Kern cotton has been ginned. This includes from 12,000 to IB,000 bales. Mrs H. V. Henry, special field worker in current education for California P. T. A., will conclude a tour of Seventh district at a meeting i tonight at Fairfax School. Woman's Club will have a bulletin each month to facilitate knowledge of the organization's activities, Mrs. .1. II. Dorsey. president, said today. Hotel El Tejon will sponsor a series of weekly dances in the Spanish ballroom. Arthur L. AVatson, manager and host-in-chief, announced this morning. TWENTY YEARS AGO (Tlio Californian, thin dale. I'JIM) Extra! Headlines: Senators Win. Tom Zaehery Wins Against Jack Benlley in Second Game. A home-run smash drove Bice, who had singled, in ahead of him, and another four-base wallop by Captain Harris in the fifth inning were salient features which enabled Washington Senators to win the second game of the AVorld Series today. Ibn Saud, sultan in interior Arabia, by advancing on Mecca, capital of King Hussein of Med.iez, has just started a blaze which may set the entire Mohammedan world aflame. Prohibition officials claim to have uncovered a gigantic Anglo-American liquor conspiracy with $10,000.000 involved. Twenty-eight men and two women are in custody in New York. George E. Burlingame will preach on the subject. "What Is Religion?" each Sunday evening in October at First Baptist Church. ews ike News -(By PAUL, MALLON)- TIIIRTY YEARS AGO (The Culifornian, this date. 1914) Betrothal cards in the mails today announce the engagement of Edith Fish and Neil Marsh. Henry Latz left this morning for a few days' stay in Los Angeles. .Joseph Redlick was the honor guest at a banquet Saturday evening at Southern Orill, given by employes of Redlick's store. Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Ratz and Mr. Mrs. ,T. W. Croslanrl left this morning for San Ijiiis Obispo to attend grand encampment of the G. A. R. Stanley Little is at General Hospital, Taft. suffering from burns and sprains caused by jumping from a burning derrick. A water system, costing $1(10,000, is now complete in the Lost Hills district. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date 1N04) AA'all street is increasingly interested in the election of Roosevelt. Jo P. Carroll will leave Bakersfield tonight for Goldfields, Nev., to make his home. Mrs. R. S. Finn was the guest-of- honor at a farewell party given by Mrs. A. E. Frye for Bonheur Whist Club members last night. The Reverend Father Lennon of St. Francis Church is ill with pneumonia. S. C. Oldham has completed a new building on the Oilfields Road to take the place of the one destroyed by fire recently. G. L. Robertson is chairman, L. S. Harman, secretary, and M. H. Magie, treasurer of the new Prohibitionist Central Committee. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Culifornian. this date, 1894) C. N. Beal came down from San Francisco last night on business. Hirshfeld & Company's machinery yard is being enclosed with a high board fence. G. Goldberg has received his stock of tailoring goods and the store on Iv street is taking on a. professional appearance. Born to Mr. and Mrs. Frank D. Crafts, a daughter. Alice M. Republicans of Kernville, that old Democratic stronghold, intend to make a historical event of the campaign of 1894 tonight. Most of the candidates on the Republican ticket have gone up to whoop it up with the boys there. SO THEY SAY Foreign workers who are not members of organized cells and who have not already carried out my Instructions to go into hiding . . . will do so at once. I have already warned them that they are in the greatest danger if they remain in the factories—General Eisenhower's broadcast to Germany. Experience has demonstrated that to obtain best performance in shorter time ami at lower cost, public construction Mhould be carried out through competitive contracts with private construction enterprise and not through government hiring or work-relief methods.—Eric A. Johnston, president United States Chamber of Commerce. I seriously doubt that any peace treaty emerging from the Senate will provide real peace.—House Democratic Leader John W. Me- Corrnack of Massachusetts. The first thing we must do is convince the Germans that they have really lost the war.—OWI Overseas Director Robert F. Sherwood. PEN SHAFTS Corn-on-the-cob has about reached the end of another season. Corn-on- the-hlp will continue to be with us. The theory that the world is cooling off is about to be proven. Dig out those heavies. Utility beef is getting even. Cowboys used to throw it—now it's throwing us. The Allies are giving the German radio a hand toward bringing the war home to the German people. It wasn't enough that their hats were tossed into the ring—now the candidates have joined them. When reformers hold their meetings a miserable time is enjoyed by all. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY Neither have I suffered »ij/ mouth to .s'in by wishing a curse to Ms soul.—Job 31 :M. * * '* Take not his name, who made thy mouth, in vain; It gets thee nothing, and hath no excuse.—Herbert. WASHINGTON, Oct. G.—There is a commonly prevailing notion the Republicans will win Congress even if Governor Dewey loses. This is an easy assumption which takes the fullest possible liberties with the inner facts of the situation. A careful check suggests rather that the election of Dewey is essential to bring both houses of Congress into the Republican column Or rather it is, unless the voters-go in for an unprecedented amount of ticket-splitting and turn entirely away from the Democratic list after checking Mr Roosevelt. Te Republicans have their best chance in the House. There the lineup today is: Republican, 212; Democrat, 216; vacancies, 3; other parties, 4. AVithout the aid of a pencil, a glancing observer might conclude the House to be certalnl yRepubllcan as only six more seats are needed. Maybe—but the unnoticed fact inside the matter is. that the Republicans already fully hold the congressional field outside the cities and rigid, if not solid, south. They may logically figure to pick up a seat in Seattle, one or two in Kentucky, one In Wisconsin and some others similarly scattered. But unless Dewey pulls in a lot of districts now designated Democratic (or there is heavy ticket splitting) a Republican majority in the House cannot now be calculated in the strong terms that are being used on the stump and among the commentators. Strong Republican gains in the Senate are sure. Offhand about six Democratic seats are certainly In such dire danger that the Republicans already have one hand on them, and; the Democratic loss will no doubt be greater, even if Mr. Roosevelt oozes through. (Hazardously- held seats include those of Idaho, Utah, Oklahoma, Missouri, Illinois, Iowa. New Jersey and doubtful are California, New York, Kentucky, Maryland and Connecticut.) But a gain of 12 seats Is necessary for the Republicans to win the Senate, and this is at least twice as difficult an assumption to accept at this time. People do not appreciate the critical importance of congressional elections, no doubt because they cannot visualize so many races around the country, whereas the presidential race is expressed in two single opposing personalities. But it has equal Importance this year with the presidency upon the- future course of government. Ohio's Senator Burton (R) has said that, inasmuch as the Congress is certain to continue as anti-New Deal (and it is), the voters can get a coherent government only by electing Dewey. The southern Democrats are. answering back that they may be anti- New Deal but as yet not Republican. This is true, but on economic Issues—the important one which will make the country what it is to be— they will vote more often as Republicans will vote than as New Dealers do. The following conclusions are assurable: The New Deal Is dead and cannot be revived. Mr. Roosevelt will have no chance to swing both houses to his way upon any controversial is- sure, national or international, unless he gets the votes out of the Republican party. The Hillman crowd which Is backing him can be pnid off only in executive actions, not by governmental action, In short, Mr. Rs victory would continue a stalemate in which the king may squirm and complain, but can seldom make himself successfully heard. A Dewey victory would bring a new kind of government with an affirmative program likely to be carried through. It would bring a reform government and signify a return to one-party management of national affairs. (World copyright. 11)44. by King Features Syndicate. Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction in full or .11 part strictly prohibited.) asking ion. Column. -(By PETER EDSON)THAT CIVIL SERVICE LIST United States Civil Service Commission's admission that it had investigated personal records of 10 out of the 141 original members of Sidney Hillman's National Citizens' Political Action Committee has started speculation in Washington as to who these 10 men might be. The question was first raised by Labor Writer Benjamin Stolberg of New York, who tossed a political hand grenade into the air during a broadcast in which he declared 110 out of the 141 P. A. C. members had been branded by the Civil Service Commission as "participants In sundry Communist fronts." In denying Stolberg's charges, the commission makes clear it had found all of the 10 P. A. C. leaders it had investigated eligible for government employment, but it refuses to name the 10. Anyone familiar with Washington affairs, running down the list of 141 P. A. C.ers can easily pick out the names of 10 or more persona who have been on the government pay roll during the war years. Included on the list would be: Dr. Will Alexander, former labor adviser in OPM. Mary Anderson, former head of the Women's Bureau. C. B. Baldwin, former farm security administrator. Morris L. Cooke, former technical adviser to OPM. Sidney Hillman, former co-chairman of OPM. Dr. Frank Kingdon, former adviser on civilian defense. James Le Cron, former assis^nt to Henry Wallace. Nelson Poynter, formerly with Rockefeller and OWI. Dr. Robert C. Weaver, adviser on race relations in OWI. Aubrey Williams, former National Youth Administrator. While it may be an easy matter to infer that any of these 10 or any other 100 P. A. C. leaders are Communists—and some of them have frequently been called that by experts—proving it is something else again. This raises Interest in the tests which the Civil Service Commission applies In determining patriotic loyalty. General policy of the commission is that persons who have belonged to or followed the party line of Nazis, Fascists or Communists should not be employed by the United States government. Furthermore, every Individual entering government employment is required to take an 6ath to defend the Constitution and to make an affidavit which says: "I ... do further swear (or affirm) that I do not advocate, nor am 1 a member of any political party or organization that advocates the overthrow of the government of the United States by force or violence; and that during such time as I am an employe of the federal government, I will not advocate nor become a member of any political party or organization that advocates the overthrow of the government of the United States by force or violence." Since July, 1940, civil service has conducted Investigations on about 225,000 persons, of whom 32,980 have been declared Ineligible for service in federal government. About 1100, or half of 1 per cent, have been declared ineligible because there was reasonable doubt as to their loyalty to the United States. Of these, 500 were, found to be pro-Nazi, pro- Fascist or pro-Japanese, and 600 were pro-Communist. The commission admits that there may be others on the government pay roll today who are un-American, but the commission has not had the resources to inveetlgale every new government employe so It has concentrated on key personnel In war agencies. In making what it calls the Communist party line test, the commission has sought to determine if the applicant has blindly followed Communist doctrine all through its various shifts — anti-capitalistic and world revolutionary from 1929 to 1935, anti-Hitler from 1935 to August, 1939, pro-Hitler from then until June, 1941, and violently anti- Hitler, pro-war and pro-American after that. "When it can be established that an Individual has followed this parjy line through one or more o£ its significant changes," says Arthur S. Flemming of the commission, "then we believe such a person has no business occupying a government position." It follows from this explanation that the 10 unnamed individuals on the P. A. C. list, investigated by the Civil Service Commission, were reported because they passed the party line test. Mestions amd Answers -(By THE HASKIN SERVICE)Q. AVhy do people say "God bless you" when someone sneezes?— P. E. R. A. The origin of the custom is obscure. The Romans believed that sneezing expelled evil spirits and therefore used the expression "Good luck to you." There is an old legend that before the time of Jacob men sneezed once and died. Jacob Interceded with the Lord in their behalf and the favor was granted, provided that after every sneeze a prayer or benediction "God bless you" be said. Q. What is meant by S-2 in the headquarters company of an infantry division?—B. R. A. The War Department says that S-2 in this connection designates part of the staff organization of the headquarters comparable to G-2 of the general staff. Such an organization handles security and all types of military intelligence. Q. Where is there a railroad station situated on a bridge In the middle of a lake?—G. E. A. A. Midlake railroad station In Great Salt Lake, Utah, is probably the only one so situated. , Q. Is it not a fact that Mr. Dewey took a trip to Europe before he became governor of New York?—M. P. S. A. As a young man he went to Europe, visiting both England and France. Q. How many Presidents were born on farms?—L. L. A. Seventeen of the 31 Presidents were born on farms, and 8 in small towns under 2500 population. Q. What la meant by two-name paper?—N. D. T. A. This term designates notes on which two persons are liable for payment. Q. Are there any snakes in Alaska? J. H. * A. Alaska has no snakes and no poisonous plants. Q. What are the oldest banks In the United States?—P. E. R. A. L. the United States there are more than 200 banks over a century old. The First National Bank of. Boston (1784), formerly the Bank of Massachusetts, and the Bank of New York and Trust Company (1784), for. merly the Bank of New York, have celebrated their one hundred ancP fiftieth anniversaries. The Bank of Providence of Providence, R. I., dates back to 1791. Q. Why are there 16 stripes on the United States Coast Guard flag?— S. B. A. The coast guard ensign was designed in 1799, at which time there were 16 states In the union. There, fore, the 16 stripes symbolize the 16 states. The ensign has 13 stars, 33 arrows, 13 leaves on the olive branch and 13 bars on the shield, the num. her 13 symbolizing the original colonies. Q. Which is farther south, Venice or Vladivostok?—J. AV. T. A. Vladivostok is almost two de. grees farther south than A'enice. This is readily seen on a global map. But while Venice enjoys rather mild winters the port of Asiatic Russia has to employ icebreakers and air bombs to keep its harbor open in the bitterly cold winter months. Q. What composition did Tehudr Menuhln play when he made his debut at the age of six?—D. W. P. A. lie played the Mendelssohn Concerto in E Minor at his first con. cert. Q, What K. L. P. is athlete's foot?— A. This term originated with Dr. Charles F. Pabst to designate ringworm of the foot, often acquired by athletes in gymnasiums. A renter via ctt the innwer In «nv nuentlnn of tict br wiltlni Thr llakmtiphl fuliromlao Infornituon Bureau, 311 Ere street, N. K., Washington, !, 0. C. Vtau* tnoloM HUM (il) ewu lot nflt. . 1

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