THE SALINA JOURNAL VOTE '96 SUNDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1996 3 PRESIDENT VISIONS FOR THE FUTURE Clinton and Dole have different ideas in how they would lead the country into the 21st century If Clinton wins, he faces the difficulty of making a second term productive By MIKE FEINSILBER The Associated Press I" ^> ASHINGTON — Presidents ,* '', J get branded with a catch i f ( ' ' phrase, something that sums t " ' up their time in office. Their legacy. For Lyndon Johnson: "Vietnam War." For Richard Nixon "Resigned in disgrace." For Ronald Reagan: "Cut taxes, rebuilt the military." So what will it be for Bill Clinton? • "Proposed allowing gays in the military"? Too controversial. • "Identified a national health crisis and proposed a solution"? But he lost. • "Cut the deficit in half'? Awfully Republican boast for a Democratic president. If Bill Clinton is re-elected, you can be sure, the search for that line of summation — a legacy — will dominate his second term. Clinton is still a work in progress, sometimes a big-government liberal, sometimes a less-government "New Democrat." , Clinton's other problem will be to combat the loss of energy that characterizes second terms, especially as attention turns to the making of a new president. One way to rejuice an administration is to restaff it. New faces can be expected throughout the Cabinet and the White House. Four years is a long span for a Cabinet secretary, and there has been surprisingly little change in Clinton's official family. Secretary of State Warren Christopher's departure is widely anticipated. Mentioned as replacements are Madeleine Albright, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations; Richard Holbrooke, who negotiated the Bosnian peace accord in Dayton, Ohio; Strobe Talbott, deputy secretary of state and a longtime Clinton pal; and retiring Sen. Sam Nunn, D-Ga. Two long shots: Newly minted Republican Colin Powell, the former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, who would give a bipartisan cast to foreign policy, and George Mitchell, former leader of Senate Democrats. Clinton's search for a second-term theme must accommodate the reality ;that there are neither government rev- •enues nor a national appetite for lofty expansions of government. A second-term Clinton could be expected to bang the drum for family friendly, quality-of-life proposals that don't cost much government money. But don't suggests a grand scheme that would make Clinton's mark on history. And legacy is what preoccupies the few modern presidents to have more than one term. There have been only three who servpd a full second term since 1940 — Franklin Roosevelt, Dwight D. Eisenhower and Reagan — and none of their : second terms were memorable. . ! "Second-term presidencies are generally pretty sad," says John Pitney Jr., a political scientist at California's Claremont McKenna College. He cites three factors: fatigue sets in among administration officials; the political atmosphere changes *— the coalition 'that brought the president into office begins to fray; and the president quickly finds himself a lame duck. Yet serious work beckons. Social Security and Medicare demand reform as fewer working people pay the taxes to support increasing numbers of retired people. The country's first baby boom president must address these baby boom crises — or answer to history for failing, to do so, Light said. "Twenty or 30 years from now, people will look back at this period as the time when we could save these programs," he iadded. "Clinton could take the high road in fixing these great flagships of the New Deal and the Great Society." Where they stand ABORTION AFFIRMATIVE ACTION CLINTON Supports broad abortion rights. Vetoed bill that would have banned most uses of late-term abortion procedure. Favors reducing preferences for women and minorities in government contracting in response to Supreme Court order. BALANCED BUDGET AMENDMENT Says amendment unnecessary because both parties are working toward balanced budget by 2002. DOLE Supports constitutional amendment to restrict , abortion, subject to the exceptions of life of the mother, rape and incest. Former affirmative action supporter now opposes it. .As senator, introduced legislation that would prohibit most federal preferences based on race or sex. Favors. Has said first presidential act would be to call for constitutional amendment. PEROT Supports abortion rights. CRIME ENVIRONMENT HEALTH CARE MILITARY Won anti-crime package that included money for more local police and more prisons. Stiffened gun control. Expanded scope of death penalty. Endorses juvenile curfews. But saw teen-age drug use double. Expanded environmental protections but back- pedaled on Western land reforms. Opposes restricting reach of Endangered Species Act. Failed in effort to make affordable health care coverage available to all. Signed law aimed at guarding insurance coverage for people who change jobs or have preexisting illnesses. Curbed military spending, says new national missile defense system unneeded. Favors prosecuting violent youths as adults. Favors limits on death row appeals, and tougher penalties for illegal firearm possession. Opposes most gun controls, but not pushing for repeal of ban on assault-type weapons. Sponsored bill that would reduce protected wetlands acreage. Opposed raising fees for ranchers who graze cattle on federal land. Backs cost assessment. Favors curbing Endangered Species Act. Backed law signed by Clinton guarding coverage for people between jobs, and won health insurance tax breaks for self-employed and for long-term care. Favors medical savings accounts. Calls for $5 billion ballistic missile defense system. Says affirmative action needs to change with the times. Said in 1992 he opposed promoting a minority over another candidate better qualified for a job. Now favors.Once considered an amendment a dodge for politicians and "an excuse not to do anything." Deficit-cutting has been his focus as a politician. Favors death penalty for "any drug dealer who kills a child," no early release for violent criminals. Has said he would use incentives instead of regulations to achieve environmental goals. Supports making wealthier people pay more under Medicare and slowing program's growth. TERM LIMITS Opposes. Qualified support for 12- year Senate limits; says House should set its own. Delayed term limits vote in Senate out of apparent concern it might lose. Says limits should not be retroactive. In 1992, called for $90 billion in military cuts by 1997 —$10 billion less than Clinton wanted. Has financed studies of illnesses suffered by Gulf War veterans. Supports. As president, Dole want to rescue Medicare, balance the budget and cut taxes By MIKE FEINSILBER The Associated Press il, WASHINGTON — It is Inaugu- ' ration Day 1997. President j!i K>.y*i ^°* e h as gi ven a short, snap- fe* py inaugural address stress- H'f* ing responsibility — individual, societal and governmental. Tellingly, he evoked the spirit of Russell, Kan., where people looked out for one another. What now? What kind of presidency can one expect Dole to produce? His goals are to make his mark as the president who: • Rescued Medicare. • Balanced the budget (first time since 1969). • Restored America's trust in its political system. • Cut and simplified taxes. • Cut the size of government. • Ended the entitlement system that sends out government benefits whether they are needed or not. • Made a move toward privatizing Social Security. His timetable: Short. Dole takes office knowing that he very well may have only one term to make his mark. The clock is ticking; he would be 77 when his first term ends. That means Dole enters office a lame duck. It means backstage maneuvering begins on Day One for the 2000 Republican nomination. Jack Kemp, Dole's vice president, has a leg up, but not a lockup. Other ambitious Republicans are not about to concede the nomination without a fight. A generation of ambitious Republicans stands in the wings — Newt Gingrich, John McCain, Connie Mack, John Ashcroft, Phil Gramm, Dan Quayle, Christie Whitman, Tom Ridge, Pete Wilson, George W. Bush, John Kasich, Christopher Cox, maybe Colin Powell. Of course, speculating about what a Dole presidency would be like is only that, speculation. Presidencies often are shaped by events beyond the control, even the anticipation, of a president. A revolution in Saudi Arabia, threatening the world's oil supplies, would do more to dominate a Dole presidency than any agenda in the back of his head. Still, it is possible to speculate. Dole's style is the product of a lifetime; he won't change in the White House. And a Dole victory probably would be accompanied by a Republican Congress. Dole could be expected to consult with Congress, especially a Republican one, more than any recent president. Consultation, accommodation, compromise — those are his hallmarks. Yet he remains an old-fashioned conservative. That won't change. Somehow he would have to accommodate his inbred distaste for deficit spending with his campaign pledge to cut taxes by a substantial 15 percent. To his core, Dole believes in a balanced budget. In office, he could be expected to push a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution. A President Dole also could be expected to increase military spending and give new life to building a national space defense system. Dole also would give enthusiastic backing to turning federal programs back to the states. It was not accidental that during his primary campaign he often quoted the Constitution's 10th Amendment, which says powers not given the federal government by the Constitution are "reserved to the states respectively, or to the people." "Given Dole's history of moderation, some people would be surprised at how conservative a Dole administration would be under a Republican Congress," said John Pitney, a political scientist who worked for the House Republican Research Committee and has written a Dole biography. Town / Kansas town likes Dole FROM PAGE 1 , "We must learn to spend what ;we have," he said. "We have to 'live within our means." ! In Dole's last campaign, he won Ire-election to his U.S. Senate seat |in 1992 with more than 62 percent of the vote statewide against a Democrat and two other candidates. , He took nearly 70 percent of the .vote in Washington County. 1 Dutton's vote for president is her own business, but she offered '•a hint. ! "It won't be Clinton," she said. : 'T11 vote, then I won't have any room to complain. I voted for Perot last time but he didn't come close." ; Roy Barnes, 60, who described 'himself as semi-retired, said he would probably vote for Dole. "I think he represents the views I hold more closely, and I think he's more honest," Barnes said. I Clair Schumaker said he is a 3&gistered Democrat who is going ffi stick with Clinton. ; "I think Dole is too old, ^ he 'said "He's the same age I am." ' People here say life is satisfying in a small town and the country's problems lie elsewhere. "I think our local officials are doing fine," Dutton said. "I'm concerned about Washington D.C., not Washington, Kansas." "I can walk to my office in seven minutes and I'm less than 15 minutes from a fishing crick," said Sorrick, a former county attorney who has lived here since 1955. "I'm concerned about paying off the national debt," Sorrick said. "Nobody has addressed that yet." Dave Poley, 29, works for a masonry company and just moved to Washington. "I've got two kids, and I just like the family values in a small town," he said. "I like Dole's issues, and I don't think Clinton's been doing everything he could." Marcia Hubbard, sports editor at the weekly Washington County News and a 20-year resident, said people here are focusing on local issues. "People are concerned about taxes and bringing new business in to the county," she said. "And a lot of people are concerned about the kids. When they leave here, they don't come back." Along the town square, several buildings stand vacant or are boarded over. "It's really a big thing to a small town to see empty doors up and down the street, even in a county seat town," Sorrick said. Regardless of the election or the economy, life in Washington, Kansas, has a special appeal. "It's a nice, clean town, with good schools and friendly people where we don't have to lock our car doors," said Anita Bott, leaning against the doorway of her family's auctioneering firm. "Washington has a lot of good, patriotic people who love the country," said Marcia Funke. "Some people are moving here because they're tired of the problems in big cities." IT'S TIME.. 'For Proven Strong Community Leadership To Listen To Your Concerns To VOTE! • ELECT- ALLAN WHITE STATE SI NATE. DEMOCRAT - 24th DISTRICT Pol. Adv. Paid for by White for Senate Committee Carolee Miner, Treasurer Shirley Jacques, Chair Deena HORST State Representative 69th District Political advertisement paid for by Deena Horst for State Representative Committee, Doug Mull, Treasurer.
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