08 SUNDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1996 LIFESPORTS THE SALINA JOURNAL Many eyes in Salina area watching birds Bird-watching allows anyone a simple way to get closer to nature By HAROLD BECHARD Me Salina Journal Doug Rudick said there are many ways to get involved in the sport of bird-watching. "You can literally buy some seed and throw it on the ground in your back yard," Rudick said. "Or you can buy a $200 bird feeder." Whichever way a person decides to get started, they're doing it in big numbers. Rudick said bird-watching is the fastest growing sport in America. A 1990 issue of Fortune Magazine said that twice as many people spent their vacation watching birds than playing golf. "People have a tremendous need to get back to nature and this is an easy way to do it," said Rudick, the co-owner of the Wild Bird Crossing, 2306 Planet Ave., a Salina store dealing in bird supplies. "Not everyone can hike in Rocky Mountain National Park." Rudick said the easiest way to view birds is for a family to naturalize their back yard with bird feeders, bird houses, electric-powered water springs and bird baths. "For years we've designed our back yards for us in mind," Rudick said. "Now, let's design it for wildlife in mind." But patience must also be a virtue for those interested in drawing birds to their back yards. "If it's simply a lawn, it could take up to four, five or six weeks because birds see food by sight only," Rudick said. "Sometimes it can take awhile, especially if you've never fed birds. But once they find it, they'll keep finding it. When we put a feeder in the back yard, we're just inviting them in so we can view them." Rudick said most of the people who visit his business are backyard feeders, content with putting in a small bird feeder, T FITNESS Owtetttar*. friends DAVIS TURNER/The Salina Journal The Smoky Hills Audubon Society, a conservation group, meets every Saturday at Wild Bird Crossing in the Galaxy Center. The group usually does Its birdwatching early In the morning at Lakewood Park or the Audubon Pond. Society members above are (clockwise from bottom right) Marge Streckfus, Judy Zanardl, Harold Lear, Doug Rudick and Shannon Rayl. sitting back in an easy chair and watching the action. "And then we have others who backpack to Cheyenne Bottoms or the Konza Prairie," he said. Cheyenne Bottoms is located northeast of Great Bend and is the annual home to several exotic migrating birds. Konza Prairie is a vast tall- grass preserve located southwest of Manhattan in the Flint Hills. "Salina is so lucky to be located between the Konza Prairie on the east and Cheyenne Bottoms to the south and west," Rudick said. "There is a tremendous opportunity for people in this community to watch birds." People have that opportunity each Saturday morning in an organized setting. They can join Rudick for a local bird- watching tour of Lakewood Lake or the Smoky Hills Audubon Society's 67-acre "pond" located just southwest of Interstates 70 and 135. "The best thing you can do if you're a beginner is to go out with a more experienced person," said Shannon Rayl, a member of the local 250-member Smoky Hills Audubon Society. "These people are amazing. They hear a sound and know exactly what kind of bird it is." Rayl said this is a good time of the year for bird-watching. With the cold front blowing in from the north earlier in the week, the area saw a big wave of ducks and song birds migrating to the south. Rudick has been leading the local bird-watching tour since January. Of the 470 different . species of birds that have been identified in Kansas, the Rudick-led group has identified 111 of them in less than 10 months. "That is a pretty good number," Rudick said. But that total still falls well short of the 340 or so birds Salina's Marge Streckfus has iden- tified over the years, a total that puts her somewhere in the middle of the pack among Kansas' top birders. "I like to be outdoors and I like to know what's going on out there," said Streckfus, who is retired from the real-estate business. "It's fun. Once you get interested in the outdoors, you become more aware of the modern-day dangers to the outdoors and you naturally become an environmentalist. "It doesn't take long to see several kinds of birds on those Saturday walks," she added. "In a couple hours, you can see waterfowl, shore birds, warbles and herrons." » Blrtocuiare are the tant bird-watching equipment. Without thenrt, It's nearly IrYifxsssI- . ble to see birds Clearly at a d!&- ! tarice. * Most bird-watched use Illustrated guidebooks called field guides, ; which help them Idehtfy unfamiliar : species. People watch birds two main ways — by attracting them to ; a certain location or by taking field trips to the birds' natural habitats. * A yard or garden with a variety of trees, shrubs and flowers Will normally attract birds, providing them with seeds and berries, as well as shelter and nesting areas. Water irt a blrdbath or shallow dish will also attract them. • Birds have no trouble finding food during the summer, but have difficulty after a heavy snow or freezing rain. Many people feed birds as a hobby, but if s important to continue the process on a consistent basis throughout the winter and into spring. •• The best way to see and study a wide variety of birds is in the field. Bird-watchers Vavel to remote areas to see unfamiliar species. However, many such birds can also be seen In nearby parks and nature preserves.• For more Information on bird' .watching, call the Smoky Hills Audubon Society's conservation officer Doug Rudick, 913-4589453. ' — World .Book Encyclopedia Streckfus has traveled to the" Platte River in Nebraska to >view a half-million sand hill > cranes as well as Texas to view, the whooping crane, which atX the time, numbered only X around 25 pairs. While living in Connecticut during the 1970s, >: she identified the rare Scarlet:"-: Tanager, which is now an en-; dangered species. ; Two of the rarest birds the ~ Saturday morning group has > identified in Salina are the Yet; low-Crowned Herron, which isi usually seen only in the south-I eastern United States and the : :; Black-Headed Grosbeak, which; usually spends most of its time; in the Rocky Mountains. "It's a stress-relieving hob- :; by," Rudick said. "When you :£ see that bird on the feeder or in a tree, everything else just goes away." > Exercise can be overdone Studies indicate that excessive exercise can affect immune system By MIKE WOODS The Toledo Blade Everyone knows that exercise is good for health. Regular physical activity reduces the risk of heart attacks, high blood pressure, diabetes, osteoporosis, accidental falls in older people and other health problems. It also relieves emotional stress and provides a wonderful sense of well-being. But new studies suggest that too much exercise can increase the risk of disease. The diseases are not what might be expected — just sprains and muscle aches, for instance, or joint problems later in life. Rather, people who subject themselves to excessive exercise may risk immune system problems, more frequent colds and other respiratory infections, unusual fatigue, a decline in sexual function, infertility and even decreased longevity. Still... read on, couch potatoes, before feeling vindicated for your disdain of exercise. Virtually every major scientific study on exercise and health conducted over the last 20 years has reached the same conclusion: Couch potatoes face about twice the risk of heart disease and cancer as physically fit people. Moderate exercise is good, in al- most any form. The best exercise in terms of cardiovascular fitness is aerobic exercise, which involves getting your heart rate to a certain, "target" level for at least 30 straight minutes three times a week. Check with your physician, of course, before starting this kind of exercise. To determine your personal target heart rate, subtract your age from 220 to get your "age-predicted maximal heart rate." Then take 65 per cent of that figure, and 85 per cent of that figure. The result is your "target" heart range for aerobic exercise. For instance, at age 50 my predicted maximal heart rate is 170. Working the percentages indicates that I must get my heart rate to 110-143 for cardiovascular fitness. But people who can't engage in such strenuous exercise, or don't care to do so, also benefit from milder kinds of physical activity. People who regularly walk around the neighborhood, work in the yard, dance, or do housework also boost their longevity and health. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that everyone get 30 minutes of moderate physical activity most days of the week. Beyond question, people do benefit by going beyond the minimum recommendation. But after a certain point, exercise begins to have a detrimental effect. The threshold for adverse effects varies with each individual. But some studies draw the danger line at exercise equivalent to running about three hours a day. After the threshold point, the human body begins to experience a stress reaction. Levels of sex hormones decline, and production of cortisol (which influences many body functions) rises. These hormone shifts have a number of effects. Cortisol, for instance, hinders the body's normal immune defense mechanisms. So people who get excessive exercise also tend to be more susceptible to infections, including colds and flu. Women experience menstrual cycle abnormalities. Men may experience a drop in production of the sex hormone, testosterone. Other body changes associated with excessive exercise result in constant fatigue; an increased risk of joint, ligament and muscle injuries; difficulty in concentrating, and other problems. With the constant barrage of publicity about the benefits of ex- t ercise, don't lose sight of grandmother's dictum: Too much of a good thing can be bad. Hidden in all the statistics about exercise and health are two key facts. First, the greatest benefits occur for people who change from no regular exercise to moderate, low-intensity exercise. Second, there actually is a slight increase in death rate for people who get the heaviest exercise. RECREATION CALENDAR Basketball • .NOVEMBER »-10 AT UNOSBORQ — Undsborg Quarterback Club tournaments for 7th, 8th grade boys and girls... entry fee $100... call Dwlght Swlsher (913227-2750, day; 913-227-3578, evening). • NOVEMBER 8-10 AT NEWTON — 5th, 6th, 7th grade girls tournaments ... call Jeff Barton (316-2840638). • NOVEMBER 15-17 AT McPHERSON — McPherson Basketball Club Tlpoff Classic ... entry fee $125 ... 5th, 6th, 7th grade divisions, boys and girls... call Todd Whltehlll (316-241-2745). • NOVEMBER 18-17 AT SAUNA — Qlrts tournament at Salina YWCA for grades 6,6 and 7... entry fee $75 ... eight-team limit... entry deadline Nov. 8 ... call Chuck Vogan (913-827-1067). • NOVEMBER 16-17 AT HUTCHINSON — 7th grade boys tournament... call Brad Easter (316-6624206). • DECEMBER 13-18 AT SAUNA — First annual Spoils Village Tournament for 4th and 6th grade boys' teams ... call Ted Cunningham (913-823-5077). Running • OCTOBER 26 AT AT ELUNWOOD — The Qreat Pumpkin Run... 6K run (3.1 miles)... 7 p.m. start at 2nd & Main ... entry fee $10 (by Oct. 21), or $12 (after Oct. 21)... writs to: Recreation Director, Box 278. Elllnwood, Ks. 67526. • NOVEMBER 28 AT SAUNA — Family Thanksgiv- ing Fun Run/Walk at Bill Burke Park ... 2-mlle walk, 3- mlle run ... entry fee $2 or $10 which Includes t-shlrt... register at Salina YMCA ... call Kim Bolte (913-8252151). Cycling • OCTOBER 26 AT LINDSBORQ — Fifth annual Falun Classic ... a 32-mile bicycle ride ... 1 p.m. start at the Swenssen Park bandshell, Llndsborg ... $10 en- dance fee ($5 for riders 16-under)... helmets required ... call 316-227-3380, Ext. 8161 or 8181. Notices • Hunter Education classes — Oct. 28-29-30 at Southeast of Saline ... Nov. 4-5-6 at KSRTC Class- room/KDOT classroom (double class)... Dec. 2-3-4 at KSRTC classroom ... Feb. 23-25 AMBUCS ... all classes free except for live fire classes ... call 913-827-0027 or 913-823-7669. • Hunter Education classes — Nov. 2-3 at Kanopo- Us State Park ... pre-reglstering required ... call 913646-2565. • Drop-In basketball — At Roosevelt-Uncoln Junior High ... Oct. 8-May 21 ... Tuesday and Wednesdays, Oct. 8-23,6:30-10:00 p.m.... after Oct. 23, Monday and Wednesdays, 6:30-10:00 p.m.... call 913-826-7434. • Basketball referees needed — The Salina Parks & Recreation Department Is now taking applications for the 1996-97 season ... men's league begins Nov. 25 ... must be able to work Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday evenings ... call Tim Kerbs (913-826-7434). • Trout fishing permit* — Fishermen must purchase an $8 permit during the trout season of Oct. 15 to April 15... the dally creel limit Is five trout... possession limit 15 ... all residents 16-65 and non-residents 16-older must have valid fishing license. • City league basketball — Salina Parks & Recreation men's teams... entry deadline Nov. 6... extended deadline Nov. 12 ($20 late extra fee) ... leagues start Nov. 25 ... call 913-826-7434. • YMCA youth basketball — Salina Family YMCA- sponsored ... girts, boys 2-7 grades ... registration deadline Nov. 15 ... first games Jan 4 ... call 913-8262151. • Youth basketball tryouts — Salina Cobras 6th grade boys tryouts ... Tuesday, Oct. 29 ... 6:00-7:30 p.m. at St. John's Military gymnasium ... call Richard Orton (913-825-6695). • Llndsborg adult basketball league — For men 24-and-over ... games Thursday evenings at Sederstrom Elementary ... Dec. 5 start ... entry fee $160 per team ... call Nick Garcia (913-227-3333). Fishing results KANSAS SMALL WATER BASS ANQLERS October Tournament At Harvey County East Like 1. Jeff Montgomery, 3 fish, 731 points; 2. Mike Morgan, Herington, 3, 643; 3. Dave Kahle, Herington, 3. 552. Big bass — Montgomery, 19-Inch largemoulh. at Reflection Ridge Night Life,.. The Inn has its own lounge for an afternoon break or after-business cocktails and refreshments. Also located nearby are local clubs and eateries, and the clubs in the Old Town District are only 15 minutes away. Executive Amenities... The Inn at Reflection Ridge is perfect for your business travel needs. We offer three conference rooms, executive rooms and suites, and easy access to Wichita Mid- Continent Airport, Reflection Ridge Office Park and downtown Wichita businesses and convention facilities. For information and reservations, please call (316) 729-5700 2405 North Ridge Road Wichita, Kansas 67205 ' Golf tee times will be arranged for you, upon availability, by our manager. Some restrictions may apply. Offer applies to Friday, Saturday and Sunday only. Other Golf Packages are available for weekdays.
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