The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 5, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Thursday, October 5, 1944
Page 1
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'J * * » « " 31 54 THE WEATHER Temperature HiKh yesterday Low today Rain f nil ?papon f Airport) T Year ago (Airport) T Sposon (Land Company) T Year ago (Land Company) T r Forecast Fair todrfy, high scattered rlourts Friday; little change in temperature. » Record Cotton Crop Forecast See Page 12 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1944 24 PAGES No. 57 '- *.*j ^"ii« .*:•:*:** .«- h ' • • * * h * .' .' -V • • -.' Partisans Assist in Liberation of City 9 Miles From Belgrade; Germans Report Big Russian Offensive in Lithuania LONDON, Oct. 5. (/P)—Pancevo, big rail center less than 9 miles from the Yuogslav capital of Belgrade, was captured by Russian troops today, Moscow announced tonight. wsw^*-<*MBHHi«r •*;••• ' ^' Ie broadcast Russian communique said Yugoslav Parti- of Marshal Tito participated in the capture of the town I of 22,000 strategically situated at the confluence of the Tamis HE:: •:*»: •:.-: m-^-^^mm^ \ —»—~ ~^«^ 0 .^«..j I river wih the Danube. Russian troops in Lithuania IMNCH HITTER WINS — Ken O'Dea, Cardinal .slugger, smacked in the winning run as a pinch hitter today as his outfit outfought the Browns ^-^ in an 11-inning classic. PINCH HITTER WINS FOR CARDS KEN O'DEA'S SINGLE BRINGS WINNING RUN SPORTSMAN'S PARK, St. Louis, Oct. 5. OR—Ken O'Dea's .pinch-hit Hingle in the eleventh inning, scoring Ray Sanders, gave the St. Louis Cardinals a 3-to-2 decision in the second game of the World Series today, squaring the baseball classic at one game each. It was the first extra inning game since 1937 and the longest since 1985 and was made possible when the Brownies rallied to score twice in the sixth on Gene Moore's single, Red Hayworth's double and Frank Mancuso's pinch single. The Browns, American League orphans for 42 years, played the kind of ball in the opening game yesterday which characterized Fielder Jones and his Chicago White Sox back in 1906. Manager Luke Sewell's team got only two hits off big Mort Cooper, the Cardinal's fast ball artist, but one of them w r as George McQuinn's home run with a man on base and it was all the margin Dennis Galehouse needed. Just like yesterday, the crowd was slow in coming into flag-bedecked Sportsman's Park. Not even the bleacher seats were filled two hours before game time when the Cardinals began their batting practice. It. was an ideal baseball day with a hot October sun drying up the *field. A play-by-play account follows: FIRST INKING Browns Gutteridge struck out on Lanier's sixth pitch. Marion made a nice stop of Kreevich's grounder near second base and threw him out. Laabs filed to Hopp. No runs, no hits, no errors, none left. Cards Bergamo fouled off several pitches after working the count to three and two and then fouled to Hayworth. Kreevich came in fast to make a nice running catch of Hopp's short fly to center field. Musial grounded out, Gutteridge to McQuinn. No runs, no hits, no errors, none left. SECOND INNING ^ Browns —Stephens grounded out, Marion to Sanders. McQuinn Continued on Pave Ten New Weapon Launched by Nazis, Report DAILY MAIL DISPATCH FROM STOCKHOLM TELLS OF V-2 ATTACK LONDON, Oct. 5. (UP)—The Daily Mail reports today in a sensationally displayed dispatch from Stockholm that Germany's V-2 secret weapon has already been launched against Britain from Dutch firing sites but that the German high command is disappointed with the resulta. The dispatch attributed its information to "a neutral observer who served in the German army." It asserted that the new weapon had been fired against England from the Dutch coast but that it traveled so rapidly that it had no terror effect since the populace was unaware of its approach. It was also said to penetrate the earth at such a speed that its destructive force U less than that of the robot bomb. have mounted an all-out offensive west of Siauliai, Colonel Ernest von Hammer, the German news military commentator said today in a broadcast. The Merman report said lii lo 14 Russian divisions attacked in the Siauliai area, SO mile* noTtheast of the East Prussian city of Tilsit, with the help of four tank corps. A drumfire artillery barrage of guns "of the heaviest caliber" preceded the drive. The enemy said the offensive was on a broad front. One of its purposes might be to cut off the Riga garrison to the north. Successful Russian operations also would prepare a northern descent into East Prussia, along whose eastern frontier other Russians have been drawn up for many weeks. The Germans announced earlier that seven Russian divisions of perhaps 100,000 men had invaded the big Estonian island of Saare (Gael) at the mouth of the Gulf of Riga during the morning. Possession of the 1010-square mile land mass would block any seaward escape of Germans besieged in the great Latvian seaport of Riga, and permit the Russian fleet to burst into the Baltic sea. Drive on Pancevo Russian armored spearheads advanced today upon the rail junction of Pancevo, a city of 22,000 less than 9 miles northeast of Belgrade, and front dispatches indicated that the Yugoslav capital may fall in a matter of hoars. The Rome radio said today that Russian troops were fighting in the suburbs of Belgrade, capital of Yugoslavia. The German position in all of the Belgrade area was declared untenable. The Russians have a big encircling maneuver ready to put into effect if the enemy tries to dig in. Rail Lines Cleared Closing in from the captured towns of Banatska Kraljevicevo, 15 miles northeast of Belgrade, and Debil- yacha, 18 miles to the north, Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsky's forces cleared two rail lines leading to Pancevo and aimed toward cutting the main railway running northwest from the capital—major remaining rail escape route for the bulk of the German forces on the Balkan peninsula. Led by Yugoslav Partisan scouts, Malinovsky's troops advanced 27 miles in 24 hours in taking Deb Hy- aena. The official Russian comrnui- que described it as "a headlong advance." A companion Russian offensive southwest of Turnu Severin and 100 miles southeast of Belgrade, however, ran into stiffer resistance. This resistance was reported faltering under the blows of Russians In front and Partisan detachments deep in the rear. Yesterday's Russian communique, Continued on Pase Ten YANKS SHIPS BOMBERS STRIKE AGAIN AT BALIKPAPAN OIL By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Editor Tokyo radio indicated today that. Allied bombers are wasting no time in their long-distance campaign to knockout the vital oil producing center at Balikpapan, Borneo. A Dornet (news) agency broadcast reported 40 4-engined bombers struck Tuesday in the second mass raid at Balikpapan. Sixty Liberators struck the first heavy blow three days previously. Only yesterday MacArthur promised this important source of Nipponese oil and aviation gasoline would be pounded into uselessness, "drastically and immediately*' curtailing Japan's ability to fight in the air or on the sea. Heavy shipping losses have already reduced Japan's ability to exploit rich Dutch Indies oil resources and forced development of synthetic substitutes. American submarines continuing their daring but unpublicized forays into Japan's shipping lifelines have destroyed another 11 enemy vessels, the navy announced today. The newest sinkings included a destroyer, an escort craft, seaplane tender, cable ship, a tanker and six cargo vessels, bringing to 924 the total of Nipponese ships sunk, probably sunk or damaged, all by Yank undersea craft. Another tanker was among 11 Japanese ships sunk or badly damaged in new air strikes ranging from the southern approaches to the Philippines to Chichi island, 615 miles south of Tokyo. The others were mostly small freighters. Affect Rice Supply Shipping losses have forced curtailment of importation of rice, the imperial agricultural administration said in admitting losing u battle in "our war of foodstuffs." Nippon usually imports 20 per cent of its rice, the country's basic food. However, Tokyo announced a "great leap" in munitions production and increased output of airplanes, estimated by American sources at more than 1400 a month. Japan's newest invasion, Chung- king announced, has driven to the outskirts of Foochow, last large Chinese-held port on the central China coast. In the central China offensive which has cost the Fourteenth Air Force six advanced bases in recent months, Nipponese columns captured the rail town of Hingan, 3r miles northeast of Kweilln, and broke into Changning, which had Continued on Page Ten Mrs. Andrews Denies Illicit Relations With Slain Youth SALIXAS, Oct. 5. <£>>—Mrs. Frances Andrews testified today in her trial for the murder of Jay Lovett that there never had been "anything improper or immoral" in her relations with the young farm boy. In a Hoft, low voice, Mrs. Andrews related how she had "scolded" the youth for lying to her by telling her he was going to the movies and then having dinner with a neighbor, Mrs. Nancy Linde. and of other incidents on the night he was shot through the head. Scolded Boy She told how she had telephoned the Linde home because she wanted the farm boy to dispose of a sick calf to end its intense suffering. Mrs. Andrews said she had never met Mrs. Linde. but she upbraided young Lovett, explaining she "didn't mind where he went or what he did but didn't want him to He to me." Mrs. Andrews wore a gray wool dress, with white collar and cuffs, as she stepped to the witness stand. Her early testimony followed that of her husband,, Frank, yesterday. They first met Jay in 1939 when he was a playmate of her cousin, she said, and eventually Jay came to be regarded almost as a member of the family. Tells of Illness He spent several weeks in their guest house convalescing from an illness, the expenses of which the Andrews paid, she said. His health restored, he went back to his parents' home in the summer of 194U. Then shortly before Andrews left for army service, they invited him to stay in the guest house and do the farm chores. He then was 17 years old. Continuously and increasingly through the years, the accused woman testified, Jay came to dinner at the Andrews' place, whether invited or uninvited. As to a ribald story, involving a cow and a bull, which members of the Lovett family accused Mrs. Andrews of telling while she, Jay and a couple of others were working In a field, she declared today, "I made no such statement." Defense A ttorney Leo Friedman told Superior Judge H. G. Jorgensen late yesterday he planned to wind up the defense today and Indicated Mrs. Andrews would be the final witness. Continued on Pave Ten Utrec • # _ * - * * * » * » • * OttOC* Yanks Score Mount Tanks ams Mo l/tdo * * • • • « • • .~ * • • ^ • • • • BR 2 Turn hout Emdh G E.R M A NY . * • • »* _ ^ . _ » - • *•• * . • * • * * * * * • ^ * « * *• • * 4 -••:• t » * • * Duisburo P • v - - . w • ' * BR 2 Conof * - * * * • * •«•*• • .»-.•-*» Ousseldorf Moastricht Liege Stolberg • • Cologne * * •Duren 4 * » . _ - * •'Bonn • » 4 * * • . —CBllfmnlnn NKA Tclepboto. WIDEN SIEGFRIED BREACH—United States troops widened their wedge in the Siegfried Line above Aachen today, but Lieutenatit-Gen- eral Courtney Hodges' First Army met heavy German gunfire on the Rhine plain beyond captured Ubach. Fighting flared again in the Arnhem-Nijmegen area as British begatua .new attempt to smash into the ^__._ • •— • - -* - "^ Hhineland from this sector. F. D. R. MAKE CAMPAIGN TALK TONIGHT, DEWEY PLANS ANSWER EMPHASIS PUT ON POLITICAL ACTION GROUP, FOREIGN RELATIONS BY OTHERS IN RACE By Associated Press President Roosevelt will come up for another political round tonight iu a nation-wide broadcast from the White House—aimed especially at Democratic party workers on whom he is depending to-get out the vote for him. The speech is set for 7 p. in., Pacific war time (CHS and Mutual). A Democratic worker in ~ each of 125,000 voting districts has been asked to have 10 persons in to hear it. Afterwards these people are all to be given lists of voters and asked to help get them to the polls. The chances are good that Governor Thomas E. Dewey will listen in also, but only in his capacity as the Republican presidential nominee. For Dewey has let it be known ho is waiting to hear what Mr. Roosevelt says before he completes the speech he is to make Saturday night .in Charleston, W. Va. Pending these top-man speeches, the campaigning went along in familiar lines, with the emphasis on the C. I. O. political action committee and foreign relations. Charges Purchase John W. Bricker, the Republican vice-presidential nominee, said in a St. Louis speech that New Deal leaders saw a chance "to buy this election" in "the millions of dollars collected" by the PAC. He said "pressure, regimentation, threats and intimidation" were the tools of C. I. O. leader Sidney Hillman. Hlllman commented at New York that "Honest John Bricker is deliberately continuing his campaign of Ues" and using the "Nazi formutu of repeating a deliberate lie." Senator Ball (R-Mlnn./, reiterated in a St. Paul speech that "I meant what i said" when he announced he was unable to campaign for Dewey at this time. Ball, an active advocate of international collaboration, said, "Unfortunately, we have not had" complete candor on this matter from the President and it thus becomes even more incumbent on the opposition to draw the issues clearly and forcefully." New York City voters will get their first real look at Thomas E. Dewey as the Republican presidential candidate next week if the governor carries out tentative plans to make two appearances there, one on Sunday and another on Thursday. Dewey plans to leave Charleston, Continued on Page Ten Vice-Chief Race Vital, Says Warren COLUMBUS, Ohio, Oct. 5. <U.E» — America's voters must weigh seriously the qualifications of the lie- publican and Democratic vice-presidential nominees in November because "they may he voting for a president," Governor lOarl Warren of California said last night. In a speech focused primarily on the vice-presidential race. Warren told a Republican campaign rally last night that the "team" of Governor Thomas K. Dewey and Governor John W. Bricker was the best that could have been found. "It has been wisely said that but a single heartbeat separates the vice-president from the presidency," Warren said. "It thus behooves us all to. make certain that we have not just one man. but a first-class team for president and vice-president. "Does anyone believe that the Democratic party Is offering any such team to the American people? "No, my friends, all that iw required by the New Deal of its candidates for that position is that they be cleared through Sidney Hillman. Viewed in this .serious vein—is there anyone who would tal.e a Harry Truman when they can get a John Brieker'." 1 -The Detroit Strikers L Returning to Jobs DETROIT, Oct. 5. (UP.)—The first of approximately 6000 maintenance workers whose strikes ha^ed or slowed production In 33 Detroit war plants returned to their job this afternoon. The Chrysler Corporation reported that a sufficient number of maintenance employes showed up on the 3:30 p. m. shift to enable resumption of production at its Jefferson avenue plant employing 3280 persons. TO CONTIM E RAIDS ".VASHINGTON, Oct. r.. (UP) United States Fourteenth Air will continue to bomb Japanese shipping and military in.stu Hut ions despite the of four important bases in recent Japanese, victories in central and south China, authoritative sources said today. Port Doughboys Gain Mile at Nijmegen-Arnhem Area in Stiff Fight LONDON, Oct. 5. UP). American tanks anil infantry fc j advanced more tlum a mile through the shattered fixed defenses of the west wall at Ubach today and eaptured tlie town of lieggendorf, which the (iennans had attempted to turn into an anchor of a backstop line. Widening their wed^o, the Yanks also captuivd Korkrad* 1 *m tlio IMitch-Uorninii bonier. Krekade, on the south side of llie w« k dtfe, is 1! miles southwest of Merkstein and ."» miles north of Aaehen. Lieutenant -General Courtney 11. , „» - W r ' — »»•- «* I lodges' FirsFArmy scored the gains in a fiercely rising hat tie in which iho Ciermans massed their biRsest artillery concent rat ions of the western from. Throe heavy armored coimterthrusts were turned back and front lino dispatches said a major tank battle was developing. Beggendorl* is more than n mile beyond Touch and its capture placed the Americans astride the Aachen- Keilonkirchon i-oad and within a mile and a half of the main north road out of Aachen, the highway to (Jlncl- hiich. The town i« 3 miles from tho nearest, point of the Dutch border and Jthout 4 miles from the general line of the frontier. An Associated Press dispatch from the sector said Allied tanks in numbers were imw hack of tho original Siegfried Line and wen? rhurning out east and southeast on hardening ground to exploit an infantry breakthrough bognn two days aso. I'illhovcs Smashed he tanks wore coming up against earthworks hastily thrown up as a secondary defense, the dispatch said. The 1 Hermans were fighting from behind huge slau piles in this mining area, dubbed by the doughboys "Little Pittsburgh." The Germans, with at least , r »5 pillboxes smashed in their main fortifications, were now trying to stop the American push with mobile guns instead of fixed batteries, il was said. To tho north, heavy fighting flared along the Hritish Nijmogon-Arnlioni corridor. Infantry attacked in several sectors, Kainintf a mile in an eastward advance and several miles in a nori liorly direction. (irini Driant Kighi T*i the sou til the American Third Army of Lieutenant-* lenei-al r. S. Pfilton was on^agod In a ti^ht atop I-'ort Ui'iant. ;i key strong- 1m 1 1 southwest of Met/. Germans had holed up hi the concrete, fastnesses of an underground labyrinth. A u Associated 1 'ress correspondent en tho I'haeh front reported "Tanks, K.IIIIS, infantry and supplies are pouring through tho gap in the Sie^fi-ied Line to put mounting pressure on tho enemy." Continued on I'nwe Tt-n Nazis Flee Athens; Peloponnesus Held by Liberating Troops T.OXDOX. Oct. n. (UJ*J—The Kxchango Telegraph quoted the Swiss radio today ad reporting from Turkish sources that the Germans had evacuated Athens. The Ankara radio reported that the (Jormans were blowing up ammunition dumps preparatory to evacuating the. island oC Rhodes off southwestern Turkey. •iV.J DEFIED—A Spanish Maquis force has aelaed control of a corner or France adjoining the Spanish bor- bcr in defiance of the government of General Charles de Gaulle, it was reported today. The Do Gaulle-sponsored Toulouse radio said that guerrilla fighting broken out in northern Spain. SPANISH MAQUIS DEFY DE GAULLE FORCE CONTROLS FRANCE CORNER ON FRONTIER By REYNOLDS PACKARD ROME, Oct. 5. <IIE>—Allied troops, opening the second battle of Greece, have invaded the Greek mainland by air and sea, seized several airfields and driven.into the fork ilied medieval port of Patrai, a communique announced todav. V Virtually the whole of the WASHINGTON, Oct. Ji.GP)—A Spanish Maquis force of 40,00n men, defiant of Charles de Gaulle's Paris government, is reported by diplomats here to be in control of a corner of France adjoining tho Spanish frontier. The situation, which reportedly worries the Spanish government, is rewarded by American officials as more fantastic than critical. By and large these officials consider that France is now under effective control of the Paris administration and that it is a broadly representative regime rather than a ont'-man affair. They arc reported to bo urging its recognition as a government. F. O. U. to Decide The final decision on recognition must be made by President House- veil. The Do Gaulle-sponsored Toulouse radio said early today that guerrilla fighting had broken out in northern Spain and that the French-Spanish frontier at Andorra hud been closed by Spanish authorities. The broadcast, heard in London by the ministry of information, did not elaborate on the factions en- il in the. fighting. I'utit recently General Oe Gaulle is said to have made it cie;ir that he \va.s not pressing for tho immedl- Continued mi Hase Ten stitf. comprising a quarter of the Greek mainland, was believed already in Allied hands or under Allied control. Embattled Patrai, on the north coast of the Pelopon- nesus, was described as one of the enemy's last strongholds on the peninsula. The communique reported merely that "land forces of the Adriatic" had entered Patrai during Tuesday night, and it was possible that the port, once the principal seat of Greek commerce, had since been captured. Final Balkan Phase The invasion opened the final phase of the liberation of the southern Balkans, completing a three- quarters encirclement of some 100,000 Germans in Greece, Albania and Vugoslavia. Red army forces and Marshal Tito's Partisans in Yugoslavia rapidly were cutting across the enemy's last routes of escape to the north. "Some Greek Islands*' also were invaded by the Allies, it was revealed, and the speed with which the campaign was developing was indicated by a Cairo dispatch reporting that an Allied military mission in Greece had sent a surrender ultimatum to German and pro-Axis forces on Evvoia (Eubea), largest Greek Island in the Aegean only 30 rnih-s north of Athens. The Balkan air force communique announcing the invasion came only u few days after disclosure that British commandos aad seized a stepping stono to the mainland with the occupation of the island of Kythera, Continued on Page Ten Index U) Advertisers i'ago bra IMS, Pr. K. I . Army to Discharge Men as Soon as Possible: Stimson LA OIL REACHES HIGH LOS ANGELES, Oct. 0. (UP) — California oil production readied an all-time high of 887,478 barrels a day during September, Don K. Oilman, executive vice-president of the California Oil and Gas Assnrin : tion, said today. IH NNINGEK S NEW YORK, Oct. 5. (UP)—Mrs. Chrystal Spencer Dunntnger was established by Supreme Court ruling today ns the common-law wife of mental wizard Joseph Dunniii- ger, and was awarded u uepurutiou. WASHINGTON". Oca. 5. (UP) — Secretary of War Ilonry L. Stimson said today that no "political or economic" factors entered into the army'h plans for partial demobilization of its forces upon the defeat of Germany. The speed of army demobilization, Stinison said, will be governed solely by two factors—the extent of forces needed to- defeat Japan quickly, and available shipping. Kxetpt tor those two limiting factors, the arnw in planning to tils- charge soldiers as quickly as possible. Stimson said. Amiouiiret* Casualties Stiinson had been asked If the war department "will delay its partial demobilization in order to ease the job situation," an obvious reference to chai'Kfs by Republican Presidential Candidate Thomas E. Dewey that the army intended to keep men in uniform until jobs could be found for them. American combat casualties in all theaters, as officially announced here, stood at 417,085 today. 1G.325 more than two weeku ago when the lust overall compilation was announced. Stimson said at the news confer- ence that army all-theater casualties totaled o">l.L'!t;j through September LM, including r.S.OS;> killed, 1S-VJ1M wounded, 4."i,4S$ missing and 51 .Ulti prisoners of war. Of the wounded, S4,!!7D have returned to duty. Navy, marine and coast guard casualties reported as of today totaled (>5,7!tU. including L'fp.lMj:; dead, LTt.fiSX wounded, UTtil missing and 4 4 SO prisoners, Stimson said army casualties in Italy, excluding the air forces, totaled 82,111 on September iT>. Of these, lf>,SS9 were listed as killed, 5U.178 wounded and 10,044 missing. Information Warning Stimson warned that a tendency had appeared on the part of the public to relax security precautions designed to prevent information about troop movements from "leaking" to the enemy. This tendency is especially serious at a time when the army Is preparing 1 to shift huge forces from Europe to the Pacific, Stimson said. In the past, he added, the army and the Office of War Information have succeeded in impressing on the country the necessity of preventing di.^ closures. He appealed to the public to continue to co-operate. heate Stores Artcraft of 1'alifornia Month's — 1 -'ruck's . u; 14 S U) rasper & Krankel .................... Citizens Laundry ...................... tf Colt'ee, Harr - 9 onsunu'rs Meat Co Ctiliuoti, John \\ Eastern Kclwurd*. Dr. H. Federal 17 9 14 L'3 Cit Kox rheuter . Haywurd l.umhor d» 11 Ivors Km niturt KKUN Kern Co. High Kt'MC • T fr F F - - **.» L'3 _ tl i! Karui S W Lewis. Koy 10 19 S Urn. T KoiiK. I-"* 1 '- ^Martin. Freddie MeMuban's 11 Montgomery Ward 4, 5 23 < 15 Nile Penney's Phillips Musio Co Hiulto Theater River Theater I Sears Roebuck 6. 7, 18 II Technocracy ..2 Tibhett's U Union Cemetery 13. 23 Victory Shoe Shop 23 I 2S 3, 18 AVnelUen's Market IT Virginia Theater WeilKs

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