Wcdnesdoy, October 4, 1944 Cfcitortal of Cije JSafeersfielb Calttorman ALFRED H A R R E LL E D11 O B 1 N D PUBLISHER Entered In post office nl rbrkrt.M'I,Id. OiHtnrni;.. n mail mirier tlie ai;i nf Controls Manh 3 MEMBER OF THK ASSOCIATKD I'CK: The Associate'! rrrsfs IP fxclufin-lv r-ntitl<><] )o ih- ii; ; « f<-t tion nf all news di.^puU -l\rn rrn\i\c,i to it IT not t.thi-r^'i^r in this paper, nmi olso Uif local new.* imhlc.hi 1 -! th>-t'-in. The Bakersfleld Califni-ni-m is nlsn a cli-mr el ih<» Vnii and roceivf-y its complPle wir»« MM vii ••. REPRE.SIOXTATIVKS West-Holiday Co.. In,-. New Tork, Chirann, ,-an i-'mn. ^. ,,. I,os Anp. S«mlt>, I'.irthind, D.TIV.T r> r,. Tiri:r..\r C. By carrier or mnil (in P<T month. S.'r; MX nv> postal a>nes lour in 01^ nlvnnre) in POM ,1 7.011. tliK. }.".! ne \cnr, > t, PIT m<<mh, Jl.n.,. SOLUTION LIES WITH INDUSTRY T ut" best way lo insuiv work for all who sock it is to cMiL'ouriifto industry lo expand in the years following the war. The benefits rendered by jobs through .i*overnmenlal agencies are but temporary. We liave tried them in times "one by and the policy did not reduce the nation's unemployed. On the contrary, after seven years of experimentation the number of idle \vas still not decreased. And it will be no substitute for jobs through private enterprise for the government to again undertake to supply them. We are safe in arriving at that conclusion when we study "relief" in the years behind Us. Bui business, large and small, can, if permitted, make a substantial contribution lo supplying work for our returning soldiers. In fact, it is the one source that can be relied upon to provide it. Naturally there are those in official life who arc not in agreement with that thought. They never have been and there is no reason lo believe they will change • their minds in the future. The way to keep that type of people from interfering with the industrial life of the nation is lo get them out of office. Bureaus and commissions have had the fullest opportunity to prove their worth to the public. What some have accomplished is practically nil. It would be the same in the future. But if there is no interference from governmental agencies with the business life of the nation private capital can and will meet the situation which threatens. Of course those who were for the leaf- raking idea in the past are not favorable to investment in private enterprise. It does not really make sense to them now any more than it did in the years before. But industry will contribute largely to a solution of our problems if the burdens that government imposes are removed. Taxation that takes 80 or 90 per cent of profits, and even more, must be abated. It will not be unless there is a marked change in the policy that has found favor and which still promises to prove attractive to some of those vested with authority. Nor is there any sound reason why industry cannot be relieved very materially of some of the lax burdens it now carries. The government is employing 3,500,000 men and women to carry on the work of maintenance. The number has steadily grown and the war has bill little to do with a very large part of that growth. If industry is permitted lo spend upon development a part of what it hands over to the government in taxes, that will go a long way toward stimulating business and so increasing employment. It is a big problem that has been created but it can be solved. In this connection the words of Senator Truman, candidate for Vice-President, contained in a magazine article written no longer ago than November, 1912, are significant, and they will not fail to interest the American public. He said: "The reasons for the waste and confusion were everywhere the same: The lack of courageous, unified leadership and centralized direction at the top. Leadership is what we Americans are crying for . . . all we ask is that we be intelligently and resolutely led ..." Is or is not thai as true now as it was in 19-12? POSTWAR WORLD PEACE N EAKLY two years ago when the war was still comparatively young this paper pointed out some of the difficulties in the way of keeping "peace by force" in a troubled world. Developments are even now disclosing the problems tiial will arise through that program if it should become the program of the Allied nations. Russia is already reaching into Poland and the Balkan States to assure itself against losses and in the effort to make certain that Moscow gains will follow Stalin's successes. In Poland two factions are already at war with each other and the difficulties that press for solution in that unhappy land grow with the passing of the days. China is more and more dissatisfied by reason of what it says is a lack of consideration from the other Allied countries just when its distress is most acute. Britain is reported to be well on the way to becoming the dominant factor in world trade when war shall have passed into history. In Italy one faction is vigorously proceeding to "liquidate" the leaders of another faction., Here in the United Slates the presidential campaign is becoming somewhat hectic and if our candidates continue along the lines which they seem to have elected to follow we shall see, or rather hear, a good deal of bitter name-calling before the voters render a verdict in November. Not only that, but when the President made his first political speech, "in the usual sense" of that term, a row between the members of the Teamsters' Union and .some naval officials followed. There was not only name-calling, but fisticuffs. It was not a pleasant development. We do want world peace, but what many people assumed was an easy task, that is, the keeping of (lermany and Japan in subjugation, appears less rosy as we near the time when theory shall be turned into practice. How shall we, when the usual disagreements arise in the Balkan States or in a given stale, France perhaps, as between government and revolutionists, determine which side is in the right and which is in the wrong? Can an international congress, a congress presumed to have authority, understand the critical situations that threaten the peace of their late allies and can it provide remedial programs that will settle vexatious international or interstate disagreements? All the world wants peace but what we want and how lo secure it are quite different. The war is a big job in itself but the postwar period offers difficulties which must necessarily disturb those who arc interested in preventing war in the future. TLe War 1 o<dl<ay EDITOR'S NOTTS— Until mich time n< Ernie Pylu'B column IB resumed following his vacation, thl» suace will ba used (nr war feature atones. By HARRISON' SALISBURY CHINESE SITUATION T Huron the Chinese military situation is becoming increasingly serious on the mainland, particularly with the loss recently of the fourth major air base of our air forces in China, nevertheless official Chinese spokesmen have no right to become captious in crilicixing the lack of support afforded them by the United Stales and Great Britain. Chinese spokesmen have charged that this country lias given them no more than "token" assistance in their war against Japan and that as a result Japan has, with the capture of Tanchuk, just about ended our possibility of any bases on the mainland for the Fourteenth and Twentieth air forces. The Chinese spokesman charged that our material aid since Pearl Harbor would not have been sufficient to support an American division in one week's combat. "The only real help afforded the Chinese armies in east China has been in the form of heroic and remarkably effective air support given by units of the Fourteenth Air Force in that area," the spokesman said. He also declared that the work of American airmen flying supplies into China "over the hump" has been beyond all praise. Perhaps the most Christian-like attitude of any nation in history has been exemplified by the United States in this World War, for the Americans have been playing the godfather role to all Allied nations of the world—giving with prodigal generosity of their materials, munitions, weapons, planes, tanks and the lives of American boys. If China has not obtained what she has desired it is probably because the emphasis long ago was decided by our leaders on the European and not the Chinese campaign. China's day will come, and not loo far distant, when our supplies can be diverted from Europe into the Orient. RANDOM NOTES It can happen and if does even in the most carefully edited newspaper. This column carried an item recently on the necessity for voting "Yes" on Proposition No. 1 providing for loans to veterans with which lo buy homes and farms. In emphasis, reference was made to $80,000,000 advanced by the stale for a similar purpose to veterans of former years, but it appeared in type as "$80,000." And the payments which went to liquidate these loans were given in thousands instead of millions. Nobody is more disturbed over such an error than the man who writes the article and who possibly is not responsible for the mistake. It just will happen. And, by the way, it is encouraging to note that the proposition in Question No. 1 on the ballot, has the endorsement of the realtors of this city. That approval will be a material factor in swelling the "Yes" vote in Kern County. The proposal is well worth the consideration of every cili/.en who is interested in the welfare of the men who are aiding in the defense of their country and who, we arc hoping, will return home at no distant dale. Naturally we are interested in jobs for the soldiers and sailors who are with our armed forces but it may be added that of great importance is the proposal lo make it possible for them to acquire homes or farms. Siich acquisition makes for independence and opens the way for a successful future for these youngsters who have responded so admirably to the call of their country. That thought emphasizes the value to the state of an affirmative vole upon the proposition which is now being submjtlcd. | They're singing songs from "Okla- I homa" mi the streets of Teheran, and i in Miiraki-sh tin; urchins shout: ! "Shim-, sir'.' — genuine American i polish." You romp bark to the United States after a globe-girdling trip of lid months through every \\tir theater with a nrw appreciation of the terrific impai-t American habits, speech, values—in ,a word, American culture, have made on the people of other lands. Wherever American G. I.s have gone they've taken America along will] thnn. And HIP natives, whoever or wherever they are, have taken to it like ducks to water. In Columbo I saw naked Ceylonese youngsters nowd up along a wire fence lo watch a G. I. outdoor movie. It was a Lana Turner film and the kids couldn't understand a word of it. But their cheers and applause showed that they got the idea all right and liked it. There's j>rubably not a girl 'in Africa or Kngland who doesn't say "Okay" and "You bet"—no matter what her original vocabulary. It's the G. 1. influence. The United States has millions oC ambassadors in khaki abroad and there's hardly a nook or cranny of the world that's escaped them. Everywhere they are a refreshing influence. The Red army girls who work on the United States air bases in Russia haven't escaped it. They've picked up G. 1. lingo and you'll hear a sturdy Ukrainian lass moan, "Oh, my aching buck"—a favorite G. I. expression — when she leans over to wrestle with the steaming coffee caldron. But it's not just slang which Americans have spread around the world. It's the American way of doing things, American techniques, American goods. l.'p in Russia Spam is not only welcomed—it's a favorite Russian delicacy. After the war Russia's going to have to make its own Spam or import it from us or a lot of Russian housewives are going to be disappointed. Following the trail of a Red army advance is easy—just watch for the yellow American tin cans in its wake. Those tin cans are prized possessions in many a Russian household. Housewives make them into pots, pans, cups, basins and a dozen other household articles. In the Pacific, islands it's the same story. The natives have taken to American ways and American goods, sometimes in unpredictable fashion. They make clothes of abandoned United States parachutes. They also cut them up and make "Japanese flags" which they sell to the G. I.s as souvenirs. They dye United States macaroni all colors of the rainbow, .string it on thread and wear it like beads. American bulldozers have made an indelible mark in a dozen countries. Long after the war the bulldozers will be doing jobs that used to be done by hand labor. We taught the British how fast bulldozers could carve airfields out of hilly meadows. And we showed how they could pulverize the matted, creeping jungles of Burma and the southwest Pacific. In central . Africa and the 140- degree heat of the Persian deserts United States air-conditioning units make offices and warehouses liveable and refrigerated cola drinks and beer quench G. I. thirsts while envious natives watch with interest a kind of civilization they never imagined. The kids in Dover and the kids in Cairo and the kids in Italy tag along after American soldiers. They all ask the same question: "Got any American chewing gum, Joe'.'" The "Americanization" occasionally hits a bump. It took the English a long time to get used to American soldiers waltzing up the Strand singing "When the Lights Go On Again." And the Russians still can't understand why our tech sergeants can overhaul a Pratt & Whitney engine so fast while trading wisecracks a mile a minute. And in India it still doesn't seem right to some Puhka Indian army officers that American lieutenants strip to their waists and get right down in the hold of a Liberty ship to help the coolies unload it. But they admire the way we get the job done. You can stick your finger almost any place on the map and you'll find it's been changed—by America. Even far-off Siberia hasn't escaped the influence. Way out in Omsk, thousands of miles from the nearest G. I., we watched a dance in the public park one night. The wheezy band was groaning out an ancient American foxtrot. A per young Red Army girl came over to the little group of Americans and said: "Can you show us how to do the jitterbug—we've heard so much about it." And for the first time in their lives the Arabs have been confronted with old-fashioned Chic Sale privies. The first time they same one they didn't know what it was. Now they've been taught what any American farm kid knows before he's 3 years old and they think it's a pretty good idea. ywoodl l^oluimn -(By EUSKIXE JOHNSON)By SOXXY TUFTS (Pinch-Hitting for Erskine Johnson) If Mr. Morgonth.au is listening, I want him to know that I am his most devoted reader. Some people read the funny paper and some read Erskine Johnson, but the day I rush up to the corner to grab the first edition is the day the treasury department releases the figures on annual salaries. I read that Bing Crosby made $3f>0,000 last year, Fred MacMurray made $300,000, Claudette Colbert made $4L'0,000 and Louis B. Mayer made $987,000. I hope these people are very happy. Me, I'm a dollar-a-year man, the only one outside Washington. I hope that Crosby and MacMurray and Miss Colbert will come up and meet my wife, Barbara, some time. My wife is a very nice girl. She can cook fine and she always keeps the house spick and span. She keeps her husband cleaned, too. AVe have a little arrangement on money. It's an idea of hers. Barbara gives me. a dollar a day to spend, all on myself. If you think that gives me a rather neat take of $:i(>r> a year, she's got that figured out, too. The way she tells it to me, there are r,2 Sundays a year, so that makes it .'!!.'! days. Then there are the II legal holidays, not counting Columbus Day, bringing it down to IltlL'. Since I'm on an eight-hour day, I'm not working two-thirds of the time, so she knocks it down to 101. (She throws the fraction to me.) Then there's the lunch hour, which eliminates 15 days a year in all. It's down to 85. On the set, what with lighting, setting up the camera and other tilings, an actor usually works only half the time. That leaves 43 working days. (I got another fraction.) This year I worked -10 days on "Here Come the Waves." So far I've worked only two days in "Miss Susie Slagle's." Subtract 42 from 43, and it makes me a dollar-a-year man. I can't break even. On six of my working days Barbara has been nice enough to have lunch with me. I pay. Then there are necessary business expenses. For example, I bought a drink for Mr. De Sylva in April. Having been unable to effect a more .suitable arrangement at home, since Barbara keeps the piggy bank well secreted, I must admit that I have been forced to achieve solvency by somewhat scurrilous means. My stand-in, Charley Campbell, is an extremely resourceful man. Charley usually has money on his person and since we are together so much of the time, we have found that it saves us considerable embarrassment if Charley pays our bills. At the end of each picture, I pay Charley a sizeable bonus, by dint of careful saving throughout production, and the sale of such articles as T am able to spirit out of the house. I hark back to the days when I was under my father's care. My father was a very kind man. This is evidenced by the fact, well documented by many I. O. U.s, written in my childish scrawl and which still repose In the family vaults. Under my father's munificence I received 50 cents a day, every day, and in cash, with no strings attached beyond a 25-cent kickback to my older brother, who negotiated the deal. I learned about agents early in life. My wife, nee Barbara Dare, says she was a dancer before we were married seven years ago. If you ask me, she was probably a'bookkeeper. I often say that I took a Dare back in l'J37. Cop.vHelU, 1944, NI3A Service, Inc. Oiiestioiis (Rv TDK n amd . Answers Q. Has the marine corps any four- st:ir Minerals?—10. N. 10. A. The marine corps headquarters says that there are no four-star Ken- orals on active duty in the corps. C!«neral Thomas llolcomb, formerly commandant of the corps, was retired with the rank of full general, lie became the first marine ever to hold that rank. General Holcomh is now serving as minister to the I'nlon of South Africa. Lieutenant (ii-nernl Alexander A. Vandeerift -is the present commandant. Q. Is the term "gringo" us used in South American countries a contemptuous one?—F. 10. R. A. Luis Quintanillu In his book, "A Lntin American Speaks." emphasizes the fact that the term is not contemptuous. In most Latin American countries gringo (feminine gringa) simply means u citizen of the United States. In Argentina it applies to all foreigners. Q. Does a war bond draw interest if it. is cashed during the first year? S. G. L. A. If cashed during the first year a series 10 war bond draws no Interest at all, so that the use of the money has brought no income to the owner. Q. What minerals are needed by the human body?—L. E. F. A. For life and health at least. 13 seem to be essential. They are calcium, phosphorous, Iron, copper, Iodine, sodium, cobalt, manganese, magnesium, potassium, chlorine, sulphur and zinc. Q. What bodies of water are connected by the Erie Canal?—W. P. D. A. The Erie Canal connects the Hudson river with Lake Erie. It is now a part.of the New York State Barge Canal system. Q. Who receives the money paid for stamps on letters sent to foreign countries?—S. B. Y. A. The post office department says that in the absence of special arrangements, each administration retains the whole of the sums of the postage which it has collected. Consequently, this country retains the entire amount of postage collected on articles originating in the United States addressed for delivery in a foreign country and vice-versa, Q. What was the first syndicated feature In American newspapers?— It. W. P. A. The first syndicated feature was the "Journal of Occurrences" of 17(18. It was edited by Boston Patriots for distribution in the colonies and in England and appeared weekly in the New York Journal, the Pennsylvania Chronicle, , and other newspapers. It continued for about 10 months. Q. How long ago did the English explorers visit the Marshalls? When did Germany annex them?—K. C. R. A. Captain Marshall explored them In 178S. Germany annexed them in ISSo. Q. What is camelback?—F. F. A. Camelback Is uncurecl tread ruliber used in retreading worn tires. Formerly it was made with a hump on the center, reminscent of the bulge on a camel's back. Hence the name. Q. How often does a sequoia tree fall?—M. S. U. A. The present rule of fall is aboujt one tree in seven years. From the Files of TKe Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian. this dale, 1934) Judges for costume prizes of Bak- crsfield Frontier Days will be J. R. Bachelder, Judge Stewart Utagee, Mrs. Allan B. Campbell, Mrs. La\V- rence Weill and Miss Conway of Delano. A "pony walk" for children will be a feature of the Faculty Wives Club fiesta Saturday. The ride is for small children and will be in charge of Hi-Y boys. Mrs. C. .S. Meroney is spending two weeks at the Ambassador hotel, I.os Angeles. Mrs. Charles Kelly has been elected president of Veterans of Foreign Wars Auxiliary. ,7ames Townsend was struck down and painfully injured when he .lumped from a truck into the path of an oncoming automobile yester day. Elementary school enrollment is now 15,340, the greatest total in the history of the county. N ews fke News -(By PAUL, iMALLON)- TWEXTY YEARS AGO (The CuliCornlan, this dale, 1U1M) Mr. and Mrs. Charles N. Young of OH Center are celebrating their fifty-fourth wedding anniversary. Infants' Friend League, which will meet Friday at the home of Mrs. Kowen Irwin, is the oldest group of its kind in the state of California. Mr. and Mrs. H. R. Warner have returned from a 12,000-mile motor trip through 33 states and several provinces of Canada. The Reverend Will E. Malon of Delano has accepted a pastorate in Elsinor, San Diego district. Frank G. Munzer has been elected to the Bank of Italy'board of directors. A thief yesterday ransacked the H. L. Swink home, according to a report filed with police headquarters today. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Calit'ornian. this date. 1914) A committee to handle arrangements for. a peace meeting Sunday afternoon was appointed by the Reverend James S. West this afternoon to include Mrs. A. Weill, W. W. Harris and Doctor Gowan. News from Berlin indicates that Portugal's co-operation on the war is imminent on the side of the Allies. In Russian military circles it is felt that country will be able to forestall the intended German invasion. Three million men of the Kaiser are pitted against the czar's men in battle and both sovereigns are at present at the front. Kern County Labor Council has passed a resolution commending The Californian for its attitude toward organized labor. A leader can set Hit* nnNWrr to any cineMlnn or (uft liy wiitius The Uakenifleltl Calitomisn Infdriiiatlon Jtureau, 310 Eye Sliwt. N. K.. Wnnhiniitmi. 2. D. C. Pleiw eliclo.e Uirte 13) ctijiu for reply. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Culit'cmlan, this date, 1904) A horse belonging to the Reverend \V. H. Weiman nearly lost its life in a cesspool on property belonging to B. P. Cunningham, Sixteenth and M streets. The boards over the hole had become rotten and, when the animal stepped upon them, they gave way. A force of men extricated the horse with the aid of ropes. W. T. Allen, Rosedale farmer, was injured when the roof of a house he was moving fell on him. Columbus Minter was attacked by a bull dog with whom he played seesaw in a tough tussel. Minter won his freedom but the dog got his clothing. Lutz' drug store in the Willow block has been restored since the recent fire and is now handsomely equipped. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1894) Frank Watkins is on the sick list this week. L. V. Olcese is in Colorado attending to flocks of sheep of the firm of Ardizzi & Olcese. An addition has been made to the \Vells-argo express office to be occupied by Agent Charles Shurban and family. F. W. Clift presided when the second general meeting of British Club was held at Arlington hotel Saturday. Election of officers resulted in the choice of J. Beresford Jobling as president. Senator Fred Cox is here from Sacramento looking after land interests. Korea has ratified an important treaty with Japan. The object of the alliance is to maintain the independence of Korea on a firm footing. SO THEY SAY Adjustments which may be made in our tax system prior to reaching the goal of a balanced budget should be solely for the purpose of increasing our national income, providing for business expansion and employment, and making, if possible, a more equitable distribution of the tax burden. — Representative Robert L. Doughton (D) of North Carolina, chairman ways and means committee. It will take two to three times the merchant tonnage to bring a weight of arms equal to those now blasting the Germans to bear on the Japanese scattered on hundreds of islands and the mainland of Asia.—War Shipping'Administrator Vice-Admiral Emory S. Land. If ... jobs are scarce, it is our belief that Congress intended to give preference to the veteran. It must be remembered that the veteran made his sacrifice so that others may continue to enjoy the privileges of the American way of life.—Major- General Lewis B. Hershey, selective service director. Even the strongest fortifications cannot stave off successfully for an unlimited time a strong enemy offensive.— Lieutenant-General Kurt Ditt- innr, German high command commentator. PEN SHAFTS There are two main answers here at home to Churchill's warning that the war may go into 1945. Buy more war bonds! Give more blood! Chestnuts are in season again— many of them being handed out by politicians. Just when we hoped there'd be no crime wave this winter, Christmas ties went on display. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY Judge me, O Lord; for 1 have walked in mine integrity: I have trusted alno in the Lord; therefore I shall not slide. — Psalms 26':/. • * * Heaven is above all yet; there sits a Judge, That no king can corrupt. —Shakespeare. WASHINGTON, Oct. 4.—Some of the congressmen are coming back from their political fence mending with splinters in their hands. They are more perplexed about the situation than I have ever known p^liticos to be in 25 years of report- Ing. It is a unique campaign. Loudest speaking effort on the Democratic side is being made by ihe vice-presidential candidate who was repudiated for renomination, Henry Wallace, and he Is traveling, not under the auspices of the Democratic national committee, but various other groups. A supposedly authoritative report has been printed that the V. P. Nominee Mr. Truman himself is only to make three more. The only one keeping pace with Wallace on the Republican side is Governor Bricker who is running against Truman, not Wallace. The top participants themselves are announcing far fewer than the usual number of talks. Mr. Roosevelt's managers have been mentioning only one or two more, but I suspect that situation will shortly change. The President's favorite ghost, Robert Sherwood, has retired from the Office of War Information to haunt the White House for the speech writing post. Dewey's people say his future speaking itinerary will be aimed particularly at the most closely fought, doubtful territory. Illinois, Indiana, New England and New York at minimum will still be added to the announced list. A midwest swing the latter part of the month is in prospect. Even so, his whole list for the campaign will be short of Willkie's. The idea of the Dewey people is that, with the odds shortening on their man every day, and the Democrats neglecting the stump, there is no reason for the New York governor to talk himself hoarse. His program has been fairly fully pre» sented. As for Mr. Roosevelt undertaking an extensive speaking campaign, what Is there he can say? His opening speech revealed there is not much in the way of a new constructive or interesting domestic program he can present and the International situation is so unsettled he can hardly go Into that. Many persons severely criticized his initial effort filled with Ironical humor, but the limitation on other usual avenues of campaign mode^ probably forced him Into that unusual vein. Mr Sherwood will probably change that line and develop a new one. Even the situation of Mr. Willkle is unprecedented as far as I know. Here is an ex-Republican leader, issuing frequent'statements, but so far unpledged to his party candidate. His last statement was an endorsement of the positions of two Republican senatorial candidates for stand- Ing in favor of future treaty ratification In the Senate by majority vote—a left wing proposal which obviously has no chance. A Republican senator who has seen Willkie most recently thinks he will come out for Dewey In a statement, possibly just before election. Certainly he will not vote for Mr. Roosevelt or support him in any way. No wonder then that the congressmen who have dropped back to their offices for a recess visit are nursing splinters. Their local tabs coincide in general with all the published polls In the apparently unanimous agreement that the race is confused, suspiciously quiet and yet to be won or lost. In one county near here speeches are being made every night on a charter issue with no speech yet on the presidential situation— which seems to me a sad reversal of the importance of these two matters. (World copyrlnlit. 1044. by Kins Fcaturra Sin- dirate, Inc. All rlishts reserved. Ili'prodiKlion In full or iU part strictly prohibited.) as i n g t o n (By PETER EDSON) MHHHL The Important thing about the new D^es committee hearings is the effort of its investigators, Robert E. Stripling and Dr. J. B. Matthews, to show a link between the Roosevelt administration and the C. I. O. Political Action Committee on the one hand, then show a link between P. A. C. and the American Communists on the other. The inference is supposed to be that the Communists are taking over the Democratic Party, and if Stripling and Matthews can prove that, they will have something. But evidence on this daisy chain is pretty thin. Stripling says that 77 different officials and employes of 26 federal government agencies have been in communication with Sidney Hillman's P. A. C. headquarters in New York. Stripling learned this by subpoenaing records of long distance telephone calls. They showed that New York P. A. C. headquarters had called up presidential assistants David K. Niles 17 times, Jonathan Daniels six times, Sam Rbsenman, Lowell Mellett and Ben Cohen once each. What was said on these calls Isn't known. "Naturally," says Stripling, "it is not to be assumed that all these calls had to do with political activity. I am certain that some of them were business calls and as such were quite proper." Being high man on the list, David K. Niles was asked about his 17 calls. "I'm surprised the number isn't greater," he says. "I have known Hillman a long time, worked with him closely when he was on WPB. He usually calls me up when he wants to come down to Washington and can't get a hotel room." You can take this statement at face value, being true as far as it goes, but perhaps not being the whole story. Most of the calls to Jonathan Daniels were from C. B. Baldwin, former farm security administrator and now vice-chairman of P. A. C. and identified by Stripling as the man who really runs it. But you can't convict anyone for using the telephone and a k>t of strange people have no doubt called up the White House for strange purposes. Stripling and Matthews perhaps strike pay dirt when they get down on the lower levels and try to show how the regional and local P. A. C. workers, with definite records of participation in Communist front organizations, have moved into the Democratic party. Democratic Congressman John M. Costello of Los Angeles, acting chairman of the Dies subcommittee investigating P. A. C., says, "This shows what happened when the Communist party dissolves. Its members go into other political parties." Costello should know, for he was a victim of P. A. C. activities in the California primaries. In making this comment he was referring specifically to the case of one Mervyn Rathborne, once violently anti-Communist as an organized of the American Radio Telegraphists Association, then actively pro-Communist, and now California state secretary of the C. I. O., a delegate to the Democratic national convention in Chicago and a power in state P. A. C. Others put in the same category by Stripling are: Revels Clayton of San Francisco, former Communist party candidate for state senator, now an assistant to Rathborne; William Sentner of St. Louis, former Communist party leader for Missouri and Arkansas, now a P. A. C. leader in the same area; Ernest De Maio and John T. Barnard of Chicago, officials of the United Electrical Workers, both charged with having definite Communist ties in the past, now prominent in midwest P. A. C. In all, Stripling submits new evidence on only a dozen of these small fry, but here is a real threat. If men with proved Communist records are moving In on local Democratic machines and taking over, then the Democratic party has a real housecleaning job on its hands. 1 XLe Readers' Viewpoint EDITOR'S NOTE—Letten should be limited to ICO words; may attack Ideas but Dot persons; mast not lie abusive and should be written legibly and on one side of th« paper. The Californian in not responsihlo for tbe sentiment* contained therein and reserve* the right to reject any letters. Letters must bear an authentic address and signature, although these will be withheld If desired. COLD LOGIC REPLY Editor The Californian: My letter of September 12 has drawn a few replies which say, in effect: (1) "Cold logic is German propaganda." (2) "Oh! So you want to go back to Hoover." (3) "Oh! So you thing you could do better." None of these replies touch on the point of my letter, which was, that a record of bureaufied, mismanaged and inefficient government hardly proves we need the indispensable man to win the war; and, that were censorship torn aside, an equally bad record of commander-in-chiefing would be revealed. Now (1) The German people think one-man government and regimentation are hot stuff. Their refusal to give them up has brought them to the end of their rope. How, then, is one opposing these things using German propaganda? (2) Again, please, Mr, Hoover is not running and I am not proposing going back to anything; not back to prewar Roosevelt 1940 condition with 10,000,000 unemployed (besides thousands of New Deal employes producing only self-contradicting government regulations and edicts); but rather ahead to eight years with Dewey in which so many new businesses can spring up that the manpower shortage will continue. The New Deal doesn't claim any hopes in this .direction, but, according to their own statements, plan tn create new bureaus to give "relief" to some returning G. I.s. (3) I didn't say I could do better. I do say Mr. Dewey could do better; just as Earl Warren has made a better governor of California (remember Olson?); as John Brlcker has made a better governor of Ohio, and as Tom Dewey made a better governor of New York. As governor of New Tork he has not had to "clear everything with Sidney." COLD LOGIC." BakersHeld, September 26, 1944. APPLE THROWING Editor The Californian: I must say that when I heard Art Baker make the •tatement, a mem- ber of the audience listening to Governor Dewey threw a rotten apple at the next President of these United States, I saw red! Anyone who calls himself or herself a citizen of this country and who hasn't the decent courtesy to listen to both parties without behaving like a perfect boor, should be* put in the old-fashioned stocks himself! You may bet your last dollar that very person is the very first one* to set up a howl for his or her rights, but do they consider the rights of others? Of course not! But then, they have been led around by the nose for so long, 12 years In fact, I suppose they lost all ability to think for themselves. REPUBLICAN HOUSEWIFE. TAX ON $13 Editor The Californian: Replying to "More Cold Logic" about depressions. I cannot find a depression that lasted as long as the New Deal depression. Up to 1940 10,000,000 were still out of work and it took a war to put them to work, according to Governor Dewey. Show me when our government found it necessary to tax a single worker for income tax on a wage of $12 a week, and over under a Republican administration. Each worker's portion of the national debt is now over $4000. The New Deal tells us that it does not mean anything because we owe it to ourselves. Wait until the workers start paying the bill for Interest on the debt and see if it does not mean anything. We are just now paying off the $58,000,000,000 spent by the New Deal for leaf raking through pay roll deductions. From 1920 to 1932 under Republican administrations the national debt was reduced $10,000,000,000 from the $25,0000,000,000 debt left by the Democrats under Wilson. Let's get someone in there who had to work for a living and knows the value of a dollar instead of one who is too free with other people'* money and knows nothing of economics and finance.
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