The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 4, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Wednesday, October 4, 1944
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* « 88 !**••••*•••*•••* THE WEATHER Temperature High yesterday Low today __.... Rainfall Season (Airport) T Year ago (Airport) T Season (Land Company) T Year ago (Land Company) T Forecast Clear today and tonight: Jncreas* tog cloudiness Thursday* Hero Will Be \Var Chest Speaker Page 7 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1944 WINS OPENER — Danny Galehouse, weathering Card attack, come through with flying colors today to stop the St. Louis Nationals and give the Browns the 1944 World Series opener, 2-1. t t McOUINN'S BLOW GALEHOUSE PITCHES BRILLIANT CONTEST SPORTSMAN'S PARK, ST. LOUIS, Oct. 4. <UE>—The St. Louis Browns used the hitting power of George McQuinn and the pitching cunning of Denny Galehouse today to defeat |>Jieir intra-city rivals, the Cardinals, '2 to 1, in the opening game of the 1944 World Series. McQuinn, the Browns fielding SERIES FIGURES ST. LOUIS, Oct. 4. (UP)—Facts and figures on the 1944 World Series at Sportsman's Park: Opponents—The St. Louis Cardinals, National League champions, and the St." Louis Browns, American League champions. Time of game—2 p. m., C. W. T. Weather forecast—Cooler, no rain. Probable attendance — 38,000. (Capacity.) Betting odds—Cards 1 to 2 to win series, 11 to 20 to win first game if Morton Cooper pitches. Broadcast—Mutual Broadcasting System. genius at first base, hit a home run off big Mort Cooper in the fourth inning with one man on base and Galehouse made those runs stand up •with some more of the clutch pitching which carried Mangaer Luke Continued on Paee Two n Index to Advertisers ~~ ' Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 10 Alta Vista-Lincoln Markets 5 Arvin Theater 13 Booth's 1» f~t J l_lv-*f^ *5 «••*••*•« • • • * -*»*••••••«*••••*••••••••••»*•*»• \j Citizens Laundry 13 Coffee, Harry 2 Colonial Inn 13 Culliton, John W 13 Fllckinger-Digier 13 Fox Theaters 13 Granada Theater 13 Hayward Lumber, Invest. Co 2 II Trovatore 9 Ivers Furniture 10 Karpe, Elmer F 3 KERN 8 KPMC - 8 Leecf s Shoes 9 j X • »*.*•»*»**••**•••**•»»»»»***•*•••»*•«*•*••*••*A o J-^Qligfr t -A^» P J • \n/•*»••••*•***•****••***••*•••••••• u Martin, Freddy 13 Montgomery Ward ..» 3, 10 Pacific Tel. & Tel 5 Phillips Music Co 10 Kialto Theater 13 River Theater 13 Safeway 4 fi^tJCLl Cv * twCQUv-tV »•*••*»»•»-•«••••••»#•*••••. * t v Union Cemetery « 7, 13 Virginia ^Theater 13 Weill's ~ 6 VV 4lilfcH*Ici \**<H ••*»*»••**»»»«•#»••*•»»»••»»****«• v * ri Partisans Guide Russians in Drive for Capital; Nazis Cleared From Territory East of Danube-Tisza; Hungary Pounded LONDON, Oct. 4. (UP)—The German radio reported today that Rua Bian forces had reached Novoselo, 18 miles northeast of Belgrade. MOSCOW, Oct. 4. (/P)—Russian machine gunners in American jeeps, with Yugoslav Partisans acting as guides, speared westward along the Danube less than 20 miles from Belgrade today. Nearly all Yugoslav territory east of the big elbow formed by the confluence of the Danube and Tisza rivers was reported swept clean of German resistance by Red army forces advancing like a flood from the foothills of the Transylvania Alps more than 50 miles beyond the Danubian Iron Gate. Scouts of Marshal Tito's Partisan army ferried across the Danube to meet the Russians on the northern bank and help lead them westward toward the Yugoslav capital, field dispatches said. On the map the Russian drive looked like an arc, one flank of which was hinged on the Danube several miles west of Bela Crvka. The other reached nearly to the Tisza east of Petrovgrad. Front line reports told of the Germans fleeing after the Russians broke up their counterattacks in the vicinity of Petrovgrad, important rail junction of 33,000 population 37 miles from the Yugoslav capital. East of Belgrade Yugoslav help speeded another Russian spearhead thrusting for the trans-Balkan railway over which some 50,000 Germans in the lower Balkans still may try to escape. An Izvestia correspondent said he Continued on Page Two DEWEY SUBMITS TAX CUT PLAN CANDIDATE ASSAILS "WASTE, EXTRAVAGANCE" By KIRKLAND I. KING ALBANY, Oct. 4. (UP)—Governor Thomas E. Dewey continued his attack on the Roosevelt administration today as he placed before the voters a six-point victory tax program "under which America may once again live and grow," The Republican presidential nominee proposed the tax revision program last night in a nation-wide radio address from the state executive mansion—from the same room Mr. Roosevelt used as his study when he was governor. Assailing "waste and extravagance" of the present national administration, Dewey said personal Continued on Page Two Detroit Strikes Spread to 23 Plants, 40.000 Affected DETROIT, Oct. 4. <UE>—A strike of maintenance workers spread swiftly, to 23 Detroit area armament plants today, halting or crippling production in 11 of them and affecting at least 40,000 other employes. The army's Sixth Service Command procurement unit reported that a survey of the situation shortly after noon showed eight plants closed and that at least three others would shut down this afternoon when parts on hand at assembly stations become exhausted. Six of the closed plants were operated by the Briggs Manufacturing Company and two by the Chrysler Motor Car Company. Conference Set Union headquarters announced that presidents of all Detroit area locals and delegates to the council will confer at 8 p. m. at headquarters of local 157. **A report from our representatives in Washington will be considered at that time," a union spokesman said. The announcement followed a report from Washington that the War Labor Board had informed U. A. W. members there that the board would consider merits of union demands when strikers have returned to jobs In Detroit. Most important of the struck plants from the standpoint of armament production were six operated Briggs Manufacturing and two by the Chrysler Motor Car Company. At Briggs, 700 workers were on strike and 20,000 others sent home. At Chrysler, 350 workers struck, resulting in a layoff of 15,500 others. The plants produce a wide variety of essential war goods, including tank and plane parts. Other struck plants were those of the Motor Products Company and L. A. Young Spring and Wire Company. * Threat of a walkout at the Ford Motor Company's Big Willow Hun bomber plant and its main River Rouge plant was lifted temporarily when council member voted to resume work. Maintenance Crews Absent At 8:30 a. m., shortly after the first day shifts were due on the job, officials of nine plants reported operations were shut down because maintenance crews were absent. First plants reported closed were six operated by the Briggs Manufacturing Company, two by the Chrysler Motor Car Company, one by the L. A. Young Spring and Wire Company. Other plants were expected to clo.se momentarily, as machinery went out of adjustment without experts on hand to make repairs. The workers struck at the expiration of a LM-hour ultimatum to the National War Labor Board demanding that a panel be sent here from Washington to investigate what they declared were unfair wage rates. They contend production workers' rates are unfairly higher than theirs. Postponement Urged The walkouts began despite pleas to local leaders by international officers to postpone such drastic pleas to local leaders by international officers to postpone such drastic action pending a second WLB meeting on the matter today at Washington. Until the first walkout this morning, hope had been held that union members would accede to the international leadership 1 * request matte after a Detroit union delegation en- route to Washington was delayed by weather which grounded their plane yesterday In Pennsylvania. From Pittsburgh and A tlan tic City, N. J., where the U. A. W. executive board was meeting, came word to "sit tight" and await results of today's WLB hearing. The execu* tive board's telegram warned that the strike vote taken Monday was in violation of the union's wartime no-strike pledge. Nazi Torture of Belgians Revealed GALLOWS, TRAPDOORS, BRANDING IRONS SHOWN; PLACE KEPT INTACT By FRANK FISHER BREENDONCK, Belgium, Oct. 4. <UR>—The Germans killed more than 120 persons a month here, the guide said as he led the way to a courtyard where, when tortures had failed, the victims were shot and hanged. There was the gallows where men dropped through trapdoors s shallow that their necks didn't break, and they just dangled there, strangling slowly. Around its base was a mass of flowers, piled there by relatives of the dead. The Belgians are going to preserve Breendonck. When peace comes again, tourists will be able to drive out from Brussels to this low-lying fort near Antwerp and see just how the Gestapo tortured its victims. The branding irons will be there, and the pulley by which men were lifted from the ground by their ankles and dropped down in sharp jerks for hours, and the whipping room and the steel rods with which the whipping was done, and other torture chambers. Breendonck is not a pretty sight, but the Belgians intend to keep it as a reminder after the war when memories grow dim that these things did happen; that this was the enemy. There was nothing subtle about the methods of the Gestapo torturers, nothing fancy. When they burned a body with hot irons, they heated the irons in a little stove within a few feet of where the victim lay strapped on a table, just as they did in the middle ages. Most of them withstood that. Then came the next room, where the naked victims were hoisted by the heels to the ceiling, then dropped two feet at a time. This lasted two or three hours, up and down, until the head swelled like a balloon and blood ran out of the ears, mouth, and nose. One cell contained nothing but an air pump with a vent outside. In the wall was a hole through which the Germans forced gas. If the victim was strong enough, he could pump in fresh air and keep himself alive for a while. The weak died quickly. The hot and cold treatment was there. Naked victims were confined to a small room, into which was forced first a draft of hot air, then cold. The Germans played of this theme. One charge would order the patriots to strip, then march to shower baths capable of handling a dozen men at a time. The others waited outside, often in knee-deep snow, without a stitch of clothing, and after the shower went back across the courtyard, still naked to the cells. Only the dead found peace at Breendonck. The Gestapo had a simple method of making sure that the victims didn't rest. The walls of the cells, a bare six feet square, were whitewashed. If one Continued on PiLge Flv* variations major in LA STRIKERS ARRESTED PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 4. A special federal grand jury, which" investigated the August 1 to 7 transit strike, today indicted 30 employes of the Philadelphia Transportation Company on charges of violating the War Labor Disputes Act. TIRPITZ HIT LONDON, Oct. 4. OP)—Russian- based Lancaster bombers of the R. A. F. recently scored a direct hit with a 12,000-pound bomb on the German battleship Tirpitz, it was disclosed tonight. NAZI (UERRILLAS SAID READY LONDON, Oct. 4. OP)—German Propaganda'Minister Paul Joseph GoebbelH declared today that the Allies have opened an all-out of* fenslve against Germany and that the Nazis are prepared to wage guerrilla warfare to the death. Nips Admirals U. S. Planes Maintain Attacks on Japs From Lone China Airfield By LEONARD MILL1MAN Associated Press War Editor United States warplanes crowded into their only remaining air base in southeast China maintained a constant attack on threatening Japanese column today while United States bombers in the Pacific, operating from an ever-increasing number of fields, smashed "the most lucrative strategic target in the Pacific" — Borneo's Bulikpapaii oil center. The plight of American airmen driven from half a dozen evacuated fields to the Liuchow airdrome lent support to Tokyo propaganda broadcasts that "this is to be a long war." Other Japanese broadcasts told of the deaths of seven more Japanese rear-admirals and indicated the Filipinos would not fight American invasion forces. Tokyo has reported the death of 19 actrnirals within a month. One Domei news agency broadcast quoted Jose P. Laurel, puppet president of the Philippines, as refusing to allow "the remnant of Filipino manhood to be decimated on the battlefield and by diaen.se or to take up arms and fight in this war," General Douglas MacArthur, who is expected to lead the Philippine invasion, announced (10 of his army Liberators had scored telling: blows and left huge fires raging at Balik- Continued on Pase Thirteen Petrillo Asked to Lift Ban on Recordings F. D. R. MAKES REQUEST IN CASE PENDING BEFORE LABOR BOARD NEW YOUK, Oct. 4. UP)— James C. Petrillo, president of the American Federation of Musicians (A. F. L.), said today he would refer to the union's international executive board a request from President Roosevelt that tho federation lift UB ban against making records for comniorcinl use. Petrillo informed I loose veil by telegram that he had issued a call for the board to meet in Chicago on October 1*, "at which time your request, will be given careful consideration." WASHINGTON, Oct. 4. President Roosevelt today called on James Petrillo, of the American Federation of Musicians, to lift his ban on the making of musical recordings, saying "What you regard as your loss will certainly be your country's gain." Mr, Roosevelt sent a telegram to the musicians' union head terminating a case which long has been before the War Labor Board and Stabilization Director Fred Vinson. In the wire he said that because war emergency is not created by the union ban the government cannot force the musicians to return to making records but that it should be lifted "<n the interest of orderly government." The WLB has entered directives In, the dispute between the Electrical Transcription Manufacturers and the American Federation of Musicians directing- that, the federation withdraw its ban. Petrillo has not compiled. 14 PAGES No. 56 SUCCUMBS—/Ured K. Smith, 70, native of New York City's east side, four times governor of New York and 1928 democratic presidential candidate, died today in Rockefeller institute. \\ HAPPYM SMITH DIES HEART ATTACK FATAL TO FORMER DEMO LEADER By MARY HARRINGTON NEW YORK, Oct. 4, (UP)—Alfred E. Smith, "the Happy Warrior" who cut a loading figure In national Democratic politics from 1920 until 193U, who was 'our times governor of New York state, and ran for president in 1928, died at 6:20 a. m. today. The man in the brown derby who rose to power and fame from the poverty of a New York City slum, took his last breath with a prayer on his lips, fully conscious it was his last, just as the Reverend Father John Hcaly, his parish priest, entered his room at the Rockefeller Institute Hospital. * Culled Great Man His physician. Dr. Raymond P. Sullivan, ca-.rie down to the hospital lobby where reporters were waiting and, wet-eyed, announced his death. "This is the last of a great man," he said. "lie wtis a real man, u great father, a great American.'* Doctor Sullivan said he had had "JL severe relapse." at 0:30 a, m. Hospital authorities sent at once for Father i-Jealy and Smith's children. Mealy arrived just as he died and the children—Mrs. John Warner, Mrs. Franc-is J. Quilliman, Walter Smith and Arthur Smith—came a few minutes later. His sister, Mrs. Mary CJIynn, and his old friend, John J. Kaskob, the motor magnate who helped him finance the world's tallest structure, the Empire State building, were with them. A third son, Alfred K. Smith, Jr., is on duty with the army In the south Pacific. A grandson, Private Arthur Smith, Jr., soon followed along with tho husbands of the daughters and the wives of the sons. Lung Congestion Doctor Sullivan said "the immediate cause of death was the lung congestion which developed Monday night arid acute heart failure." The cause of Smith's long illness, he continued, was "intestinal and liver disturbances." lie was 70. Those who had Known Alfred Email uel Smith intimately over the years said that he never recovered from tho -shock of his wife's dculh. Airs. Catherlnu Dunn Smith, the woman who bore, him five children, and \\atcliod his political career build up a Tammany leader to the governor's chair at Albany and reach its eminence as his party's presidential candidate, died on May 4, 11M4, of pneumonia after a five weeks' illness. Smith went into virtual retirement then. He took no part in the. 1944 presidential campaign, either for or against his one-time political enemy, Franklin D. Roosevelt. The "Happy Warrior" of other years wan virtually a political ghost 16 years after he hud unsuccessfully bid for the presidency on the Democratic ticket. Born in 1873 Al Smith was born December 30, 1S73, in an Irish community on New York's Oliver street. His birthplace was only a short distance from tho Fourteenth street Tarnmany wigwam, home of the political creed that there would always be coal-in- the-cellar for a vote-on-the-line. At 14 he quit School to help out at home after Ills father's death. Ho made a brief try at running his father's teamster business, then found a job in the Fulton fish mar- Continued on Page Five Capture Expected to Speed Fall of Metz, Opening Gates to Soar; Americans Lunge Against Strongpoints in Rhineland Drive SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Oct. 4. (UJ»—Sherman tanks clustered with doughboys charged into the front lines above Aachen today alongside Ihc breakthrough infantry fanning out in the open country before the Rhine, and to the south American shock troops seized a foothold atop the key Metz outpost at Fort Driant. Lieutenant - General Courtney II Hodges' tanks crashed through the Siegfried Line in the Ubach area 10 miles north of Aachen on a front for a penetration of about 2 miles, a First Army headquarters dispatch reported. "Reminiscent of the St. Lo breakthrough in Normandy, the United States tanks now are prodding the hastily thrown-np German defenses beynod the Siegfried Line," United Press War Correspondent Henry T. Gorrell reported. But It still is slow going through deep mud and a maze of anti-tank ditches and road blocks recently thrown up behind the west wall, lie added. Ten or 12 German tanks were knocked out by United States Runners HH the American armor went into action. "Enemy resistance apepars to be weakening us the tanks probe the remaining defenses," Gorrell reported . lireak 3 1 ,£ Miles Long: Tho breakthrough front now was about 3*6 miles long 1 between the small German towns of Frelenberg, due south .of Geilenkirchen, and FInkenrath, 7Vi miles north of Aachen. Early in the day the Shermans went into action to help Hodges' troops exploit the Ubuch breakthrough. They were under heavy artillery fire as they charged through the gap to the front lines. More than 60 miles north of Aachen, the town of Overloon was cleaned out by armor, striking generally southeastward, Gorrell re- LOVETT MURDER DEFENSE OPENS JUDGE TO RULE ON TESTIMONY IN RECORDS ported. The tanks were operating In groups of mx, and fanning out in many directions while the Na/,i artillery struggled to block the armored advance. La to today arid before noon a headuuqarters spokesman said Lieutenant-General George S. Pattun's troops had captured Fort Driant, but a front dispatch filed at 4:10 p. m. reported that the Yanks were perched atop ono corner of the fort and that violent fighting still was going on. Deeply Entrenched A shower of flaming oil arid phosphorous grenades brought out several prisoners, the dispatch said, but tho iiuiln garrison was entrenched under many feet of concrete and defying with heavy gunfire the efforts of tho United States shock troops to get at them. Late dispatches from Lieutenant- General Courtney 11. Hodges' First Army front said tho Americans were battering eastward from captured L'bach into thy open country while swarms of Thunderbolts hammered the German gun post ami communications In their path. Tho Thunderbolts heavily bombed gun emplacements northeast of Continued on Frige Two SALINAS. Oct. 4. (UP)—Superior Judge H. G. Jorgensen today denied a defense motion to strike from the record testimony purporting to show a romantic attachment between socially prominent Mrs. Frances Andrews, 38, and Jay Lovett, 19, the youth she is accused of murdering 1 . Judge Jorge'nsen's ruling thus admitted, as prosecution evidence of a possible jealousy motive, state* merits by witnesses that the comely, matronly defendant was seen "snug- Kllng" with young Lovett at a bar; took night rides in the Carmel valley with him; and made ribald remarks about his alleged attentions to "another woman," redhaired Nancy Linde, wife of a physician. Calls First Witness Friedman made no opening statement in beginning his defense of M rs. Andrews. lie immediately called as his first witness Thomas Mathews, Monterey, who traced the history of. the death gun from the time he found it in a trash box in 1040 until he gave it to Frank and Frances Andrews in 1942. Second witness was Leo Lutes, ranch worker employed at the Carmel ranch of Samuel C. Fertig, father of Mrs. Andrews, for eight years. Lutes testified he helped administer mineral oil to a sick calf at tho Andrews ranch on. the morning of July 14. It. was on the following night that Mrs. Andrews said she summoned young Lovett, supposedly from wining and dining with Mrs. Linde, to "look at a sick calf." And shortly after Lovett started to walk home from tho Andrews' house, Mrs. Andrews found him shot to death. Not Culled Again Lutes said he was never called to soo the calf again; that he never saw the animal again until a veterinarian killed it. He and Leo Vasqquez saw Lovett's body about an hour after the boy died. Airs. Maude \Villmot, operator of a Gunnel beauty shop, testified that she noticed a "very bright light" outside the Andrews home when she drove past it on her way home on the night of Luvctt's death. Friedman apparently was attempting 1 to corroborate M rs. Andrews' earlier statement that she hud left her house momentarily to extinguish a light on the barn—and that Loveti could have taken tho gun from her bedroom while she was outside. Continued on Pase Thirteen BUYS BOOK—Mrs. Glenn Ayer, 2703 Twentieth street, was one oi th« first to purchase a copy of the American Legion book, "Those Who Serve," from Glenn E. Stanfleld, of the J. C. Penney stores. Mrs, Ayer is pictured pointing out the picture of her son. Lieutenant Elmer Qv Ayer, in the book. * 4 Those Who Serve" was released for sale today at various local stores. i •

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