The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 3, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Tuesday, October 3, 1944
Page 1
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THE WEATHER Temperature High yesterday _.__...... 88 Low today.... . ...„ „_ 65 Rainfall Season (Airport) „.._...._ T Tear ago (Airport) _ T Season (Land Company) _ _ T tear ago (Land Company) _ T Forecant Clear and mild today and Wednesday. "Those Who Serve" Goes On Sale Wednesday Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1944 14 PAGES No. 55 Poles Quit Warsaw Fight ********** Nips Land on China Coast Russians Close in on Riga Underground Army Ceases Firing; Lack of Supplies Blamed LONDON, Oct. 3. (UP)— A Moscow communique reported tonight that the lied Army had crossed the Rumanian-Yugoslav border on a broad front northeast of Belgrade and driven within 36 miles of the capital, capturing a number of large towns. The Russians pushed across the frontier and southwest of Timi- soara in the western tip of Ru- nmnia and captured Petrovgrad, rail junction 40 miles northwest of Belgrade; Bela Crkva, 45 miles east of the capital, and more than 60 other towns. LONDON, Oct. 3. (U.E>— Lieutenant - General Tadeusz jKomorowski, commander-in- chief of the Polish home army, announced today that his forces ceased resistance in Warsaw last night after exhausting all their supplies and (ammunition. Meanwhile Red army spearheads hare driven into the suburbs of Riga in some of the bloodiest lighting of the Baltic campaign and the liberation of the Latvian capital i<3 near, the official newspaper, Pravda, said today. The dispatch indicated that the Russians were deploying north, east and south of Riga for a final assault on the capital whose fall probably would end effective German resistance in the Baltic states and release huge Soviet forces for an invasion of East Prussia. The Polish command gave the order to cease fire at 8 p. m., ending th.9 German-Polish battle of Warsaw which began early In August when the underground army came out of hiding and challenged the occupation forces in the streets of the Komorowski's communique cleared Tip the contradiction in reports of the situation in Warsaw as broadcast by the German radio, Moscow advices, and earlier communiques from the headquarters of Komorow- sld, who had been known as General Bor. Continued on Pave Two Hearings on Huge Valley Project Set CRITTENDEN HEADS COMMITTEE; DATES FOR MEETINGS ANNOUNCED SACRAMENTO, Oct. 3. OB— Whether it would be feasible for the state oil California to take over the huge Central" Valley Project from the federal government, a progressive flood control plan for the state, and other water problems will be discussed at hearings announced today by the joint legislative committee on water problems. The committee, headed by State Senator Bradford Crittenden, Stockton, announced a tentative Itinerary for hearings at Salinas, San Jose, and San Francisco the latter part of this month. Dates and subjects on the agenda follow: October 23, Salinas—Representatives of San Luis Oblspp and Monterey counties invited to hearing regarding flood control, water conservation and salt water Intrusion 'in those counties. October 24, San Jose—Flood control and water conservation problems of Santa Clara county will be .discussed. October 25, San Francisco (state building)—Hearing on proposed etate control of Central Valley Project. October 26, San Francisco (atate building;—Hearing on proposed state legislation for progressive statewide flood control program and question of proposed legislation to establish a state water commission. October 27, San Francisco (state building)—Hearing on John Reber plan for San Francisco bay development. — Califo-nlan NKA Tclephoto. NIPS GET PARTIAL PAYMENT—United States Navy pilots of Admiral Halsey's Third Fleet strike at Nichols Field on Manila bay, where Japs, three years ago. caught American planes unprepared on the ground. The Yanks destroyed 1U9 planes in the air and 188 on the ground. U. S. Officials Admit China Aid Small PROBLEMS IN SUPPLYING NATION BY AIR, RAIDS BY SUPERFORTS CITED WASHINGTON. Oct. 3. <UE>— American officials admitted today that United States aid to China has been inadequate, but cited the difficulty of supplying that nation by air and the activities of the United States Fourteenth Air Force and B-29 Superfortresses against the Japanese as proof of good faith. A spokesman for the Chinese military council declared yesterday in Chungking that total American supplies "from Pearl Harbor to the present" would not sustain a "single British or American division in combat for one week." Perilous "Hump" Route United States officials admitted that aid has been pitifully small, but pointed to insurmountable communication difficulties rather than unwillingness to give maximum assistance. Every item of supply to China must be flown via the perilous "hump" route across towering mountain ranges from Assam, in India. Spokesmen for lend-lease referred to their own official report issud at the end of August which described the $163,000,000 worth of lend-lease aid sent to China through June as a "relative trickle." The report noted, however, that Allied operations in Burma and the Pacific were all aimed to "eventually free China." Supports Ground Forces The Chinese spokesman said that the strength of the United Continued on Pate Two WARREN CHARGES DEMOCRATS USE MACHINE POLITICS IN ADDRESS CALIFORNIA GOVERNOR LAMBASTS CAREERS OF TRUMAN, HANNEGAN; PUTS WINNING WAR FIRST MINNEAPOLIS. Oct. 3. <U.E)—Governor Earl AVarren of California lambasted the "corrupt" political machines of the Democratic party in a major campaign address supporting Governor Thomas E. Dewey last night, branding them an interest "with which this country cannot afford to be saddled." "Every ounce of energy of the nation's 'corrupt' political machines are behind President Roosevelt," Warren said in a nation-wide radio address, and if these organizations were not in the present fight, "the fourth-term campaign would fall like a wobbly house of cards." "If we permit the spread of Pendergast and Kelly-Nash politics throughout the west and Hague and Tammany politics throughout the east, true liberalism in this country is gone," the California governor declared. "I'endergast Politics" AVarren charged that the political careers of both Robert E. Hannegan, chairman of the Democratic national committee, and Democratic Vice- Presidential Nominee Senator Harry S. Truman were "launched in the muddy waters of Pendergast politics" and said he wondered if they would now be willing to be known by "these machine promoters." The "gargantuan bureaucracy" which is now in control of the nation must not "become so entrenched, but also so corrupt that perhaps never again in our lifetime can young men of the type of Harold Stassen, Ed Thye, (present governor of Minnesota) and Tom Dewey successfully aspire to high political office." Continued on Page Two Dewey to Discuss Taxes in Radio Address Tonight By JACK BELL ALBANY, N. Y., Oct. 3. OB—Governor Thomas E. Dewey chose the important subject of "taxes" for a broadcast tonight amid indications that he planned a hard-hitting attack on President Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal In a climactic series of personal appearances before the November election. The announcement that the Republican presidential nominee would talk at 8:45 p. m. (eastern war time) tonight over the Mutual network from the executive mansion was BROADCAST SLATED A re-broadcast of Governor Thomas E. Dewey's speech tonight may be heard at 9:45 p. m. (P. W. T.) today over station KPMC, Mrs. John Ozanlch, executive sec- etary of the local Republican headquarters, said today. "Taxes" will he discussed in the candidate's speech. followed by reports that he had an elastic schedule of major appearances in key cities between now a«d November 7. Tonight's speech will be rebroadcast over west coast station at 9:46 p. m. (Pacific war time). Chicago Speech Set The New York governor will Invade the midwest again October 25 for a speech in Chicago, the late date possibly giving some indication of the importance- which he attaches to Illinois' 28 electoral votes. He also may visit Detroit. Dewey probably will go to Minneapolis October 26 for a speech in Minnesota, where the November results may have been made more doubtful by the < announcement of Senator Joseph Ball, Republican, that he was not prepared to support his party's nominee at this time. Ball said he lacked necessary assurances that the New York governor would engage in an all-out effort to help form an effective international security organization. There have been indications that Dewey would go into Missouri, the home state of Senator Harry S. Truman, the Democratic vice-presidential nominee. Some unconfirmed reports said that plans had been made for a .speech October 1-2 In St. Louis. Kansas City Republicans also have been bidding for an appearance there. Pittsburgh probably will be on the Itinerary, for Pennsylvania Is listed among the doubtful states. Drive in East Most Republican strategists have contended that Dewey should finish his drive in the industrial east and, because he expects to be in New York City on election night, November 7, to receive the returns, he prob- Continued on*Page Two World Series News Will Be in Californian NEWSPAPER TO PUBLISH PLAY-BY-PLAY STORIES OF CARD-BROWN GAMES ST. LOUIS, Oct. 3. (UR)—Manager Luke Sewell of the American League champion St. Louis Browns today named Denny Galehouse to pitch the opening game of the AVorld Series, tomorrow, against the St. Louis Cardinals. Play-by-play stories of the world series games between the Cardinals and the Browns, which will begin AVednesday, will be published in The Bakersfiekl Call- fornian. The games will also be broadcast over KPMC, beginning at 11:45 AVednesday, until the end of the series. FLASH ES NAZIS FLEE COUNTRY? LONDON, Oct. 3. (UR>—A spokesman for the Free Germany National Committee charged in a Moscow broadcast today that Nazi officials were fleeing Germany for Spain and South America in submarines. PARIS FASHION SHOW PARIS, Oct. 3. OP)—Underground designs executed by an American girl during the German occupation were among the styles exhibited today as Paris swung into its first liberation fashion shows. The clandestine style is the work of Ann! K. Moulton, French-born American citizen and chief designer for Madedeine de Rauch. SARACKEWSKI RULED SANE LOS ANGELES, Oct. .'!. Of)—Jan Sarackewski, 38-year-old shipping clerk, convicted last week of first- degree murder in the death of'Alrs. Marion Berger, 40, his employer's wife, was found sane today by the same Superior Court jury. In the absence of a. recommendation for clemency, Sarackewski will receive a mandatory death sentence next Friday. RECONVERSION BILL SIGNED WASHINGTON, Oct. 3. (Ufi>— , President Roosevelt today signed legislation setting up the new Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion and establishing a statutory Surplus Property Administration. He said, however, that both bills were inadequate and that he approved them reluctantly. Planes Sink Nine Jap Ships Airfields in Moluccas, Celebes Blasted With 134 Tons of Explosives By Associated Press A Japanese imperial headquarters communique said lo- day thai Japanese forces landed on the east coast of China northeast of Foochow last Friday and Tokyo radio reports said the move was made to block American plans to invade China from the Pacific "and sever our communications with the southern region." Tokyo broadcasts said imperial troops had captured LienkniiK and that the advance on Foochow. last major port on the east coast still in Chinese hands, was so "rapid the enemy appeared to he in great confusion." Foochow is located across Formosa strait from the northern end of Japanese-held Formosa, which is about 150 miles away. The communique, as recorded from a Tokyo broadcast by the federal communications commission, said: 9 Nip Ships Sunk "Our forces which are aiming at the capitulation of the vicinity of Foochow, stronghold on the const of the east China sea, carried out surprise landings on the coast northeast of this spot at dawn September 27 under close co-operation of army and navy forces. They are now advancing toward Foochow." Nine more small Japanese freighters were sunk or damaged by Allied planes combing the bomb-swept pathway to the Philippines, headquarters announced today. Aerial warfare dominated the Pacific campaign, as it has before in temporary lulls preceding, new Allied moves. Patrol planes sank two small freighters near Alanado. northern Celebes, damaged four off Zambo- anga, southern Philippines, and two more near the Japanese naval base on Amboina island. Bombers attacked airfields in the Moluccas and Continued on I'IKC Twn JACKIE COOPER FOUNDJNOCENT REFEREE RULES FOUR DEFENDANTS INNOCENT SOUTH BEND, liul.. Oct. 3. (UP.) Jackie Cooper, former film star, now in the navy, was cleared today of charges that he contributed to the delinquency of two minor girls by buying them liquor and providing the hotel rooms where one of the girls said she was seduced. Referee Albert L. Doyle found Cooper innocent In Juvenile Court Conviction would h;^re made Cooper liable to a possible six months imprisonment, a fine of fDUU, or both. The referee also found three other defendants innocent. They were George Bender, 24, Sheffield, 111 who was accused of seducing one of the teen-age girls; Pauline Frederick, 19, South Bend, and Olle Lowery, 49, Negro hotel bar waiter. Cooper and the others were named in the charges as a result of a party at a South Bend hotel last July 22. Cooper, 22, now a naval V-12 trainee at Notre Dame University, main tained at the hearing last week that he, Bender, Miss Frederick, and the two unnamed minor girls, did nothing the hotel bedrooms but drink and dance. In the written decision which he read In coui;t this morning, Referee Doyle said that from the facts in the case "we cannot be certain beyoqfl a reasonable doubt Jhat the alleged immoral act occurred." "This case In unusual," Doyle's decision said, "for the reason that all of the parties In the transaction appear to be of high caliber." He said It was generally agreed by all witnesses at the hearing that the party which Coopemrranged at the hotel was not a drinking party "or an orgy oC immorality in the accepted interpretation." The decision said there was no evidence of any conduct or conversation of a lewd, licentious, indecent, or immoral character. AXS XIP BLOWS—Admiral Ernest J. King, commander-iii-chief of the United States Fleet, and members of his staff joined a conference of tho highest naval officers in San Francisco to plan strategy for new attacks against the Japanese. NAVY OFFICERS IN S. F. STRATEGY FOR ATTACKS ON JAPANESE MAPPED SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 3. <#)— Tho highest naval officers have concluded a. conference with the secretary of the navy to plan the strategy of new attacks against the Japanase, Twelfth District headquarters said today. Admiral Ernest J. King, Commander-in-chief of the United States Fleet, and members of bis staff, joined the conference here with Pacific ocean area officers. Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal participated in the strategy conference, as did Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, commanding the Pacific Fleet; Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, commander. Fifth Fleet, and their staff officers. Others at the recently concluded conference included V ice-Admiral C. M. Cooke, Admiral King's chief of stuff; Vice-Admiral Aubrey W. Fitch, deputy chief of naval operations for air, and Vice-Admiral Randall Jacobs, chief of naval personnel. Strike Affecting Million Is Voted DETROIT. Oct. .1. (UP)—War production In this greatest of the nation's industrial centers was threatened today by a blanket strike that could affect an estimated 1,000,000 workers when the maintenance workers council of the United Automobile Workers (C. I. O.) presented an ultimatum to the War Labor Board. The council voted to strike at 12:01 a. m. tomorrow in some BOO Detroit plants unless tho WLH sets up a fact-finding board Immediately to stmly the wage rates of maintenance workers. Sentiment at last, night's meeting of Moino 10DO delegates representing the maintenance workers was overwhelmingly in favor of strike action despite pleas of several council officials to give- tho \VLR "just one moru chance." Six representatives left by plane for Washington to make a final attempt to avert the strike. U .S. First Army Captures Ubach, Gains 4 Miles Troops Cross Aachen-Geilcnkirchen Railroad; Assault Forces Reduce Nazi Pillboxes in Bitter, Close Battle SUPRKMK HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITION. ARY FORCE, Oct. 3. <U.E>—The American First Army captured Ubach and broke through the Siegfried Line north of Aachen and 30-odd miles west of Cologne today some 24 hours after the start of a smashing offensive which had rolled up a total gain of 4 miles. Lieutenant-General Courtney H. Hodges' flying wedge, tipped with flame throwers and bayonet-wielding doughboys, tore the gap in the Siegfried Line some 10 miles above Aachen, where he concentrated the imiiii weight of the heaviest Allied attack oast of Normandy. Doubling its initial advance of 2 miles, thu First Army .smashed eastward from I'bach to carry through the Siegfried belt and opeii a gap for a push eastward to the Rhine. It was u lightning blow reminiscent of the St. Lo breakthrough which opened up all of France to the Allies. Front-lino infantry pounding eastward under dark and occasionally dripping skies against fierce German resistance breached the Siegfried belt about 1 p. m. The breakthrough after a total advance of 4 miles bore out earlier reports that the first day's gain of half that distance had carried halfway through the Siegfried Line. Face Secondary Fortifications As in the breakthrough east of Aachen in the first phase of the First Army Invasion of Germany, the Yanks still faced secondary Siegfried fortifications lacing the countryside before the Rhine. First Army headquarters, announcing the new breakthrough, revealed that it was the third in the Siegfried Line. In addition to the new one and that east of Aachen, the Americans were disclosed to have crashed through it in the Schnee Eifel area above Prum, some 35 miles below Aachen. The village of Ubach was occupied, and more than a mile to the east- southeast the Americans knocked out the ancient Rlmberg castle, which the Germans had fortified heavily and defended vigorously. Thirty-nine pillboxes have been knocked out and secured since the beginning of the drive yesterday. Seeking to divert the American pressure, the Germans counterattacked in the vicinity of Aachen, throwing in "Goliath" tanks, radio-controlled and carrying high explosives. The beetle-tank attack began during the night, and within two hours had been broken. By 8 a. m. today all the positions won had been recaptured by the Americans. The small town of Merksteln, about 2Vi miles southwest of I'bach. was directly threatened by United States Infantry swinging southward behind the Siegfried defenses. Counterattacks at the outskirts of Aachen were repulsed by United States infantry. The radio-controlled tanks employed by the Germans were ineffective in thu main, but two tremendous explosions of their cargoes shook the area for miles around. Late in the day tho Americans were widening the breach In the Siegfried Line and fanning out from Continued on Page- Two Pathologist Denies Lovett Suicide as State Ends Case SALINAS, Oct. 3. (UP)—Superior Judge If. G. Jornenson today adjourned the trial of Frances Andrews, charged with the murder of Jay Lovett, until tomorrow afternoon. By NORMA LAYER SALINAS. Oct. 3. (UK)—The state rested Its case against socially prominent. .Mrs. Frances Andrews, charged with the murder of 19-year-old Jay Lovetl, today at 11:15 a. m. following testimony by a San Jose pathologist that the gun which killed the farm boy was not fired at close range. The prosecution attorneys rested after asking the court's permission to read into the record a provision of tho Lovett insurance policy saying tho benefits were "not payable in the event death was caused by sui- 1'id.e." ; I'l'oescher Testifies Dr. Franklin Proescher was the thirty-ninth witness called by the state, in its attempt to prove attractive Mrs. Andrews guilty of murder. Speaking with a strong Viennese accent, which caused the jury to strain to understand him, Proescher testified emphatically that the weapon could not have been fired at close range. Previous medical testimony that the fatal wound bore traces of gunpowder Indicated the shot had been fired near its victim. Proescher's testimony came as Defense Attorney Leo Friedman considered a mysterious note from a 19- year-old San Francisco girl, who signed herself only "June" confessing that her "boy friend" shot Lovett. Friedman said he would ask District Attorney Anthony Brazil to investigate in spite of tli^ strong pos- BRITISH LAND ON GREEK ISLE GERMANS EVACUATE ALL PELOPONNESUS: CAIRO LONDON, Oct. 3. (UPJ—Reliable sources in Cairo reported today that the Germans had evacuated all ot the Peloponnesus, the big southern peninsula comprising a quarter of Greece, leaving only a rear guard astride the narrow neck linking it with the mainland. A United Press dispatch from Cairo reported the Nazi withdrawal from the Peloponnesus as other sources said Greek Patriots had seized control of most of: southern Greece and at least five of the main Aegean islands. Athens Pasaage Garrisoned The northeastward passage to Athens, 40 miles distant, was the only area of the lower Greek province still garrisoned by the Germans. tho dispatch said. United Press War Correspondent Clinton B. Conger, in a dispatch for tho combined Allied press, confirmed that British commandos also had landed unopposed on at least one Greek island—Kythera, 5% miles south of the Greek mainland—the night of September 16. His delayed dispatch significantly referred to Kythera as a possible '•Allied stepping stone toward the Greek mainland," a hint that the landing might be followed by an Allied invasion of Greece itself. "In addition," Conger said, "the island's fishing ports, coves and inlets afford moderately good hideouts for light warcraft immediately on the flank of German ship lanes from Crete to the Greek mainland." British broadcasts said commando* also had landed on two other Greek islands unopposed and radio Paris asserted "strong Allied forces" had gone ashore in northwestern Crete, but none of these landings was confirmed Immediately. Allied military sources believed the Germans already had abandoned Continued on Fage Two Al Smith "Weaker" Following Relapse NEW YORK, Oct. 3. (UP.)—Former Governor Alfred E. Smith, who is gravely ill at Rockefeller Institute, was "weaker" today, his physician. Dr. Raymond P. Sullivan, said shortly after noon. "Mr. Smith has suffered a little relapse since 7 a. m. because of a congestion in his right lung and a consequent embarrassment to his heart and circulation," Raymond said. Smith, a patient at the hospital sinco September '.'S, had shown a slight improvement yesterday. HG was visited during the day by members of his family and Catholic Church dignitaries. John J. Raskob, industrialist and friend of the 19'-S Democratic presidential candidate, saw him briefly. sibility that the note was thu work of a crank. At this morning's session. Dr. Jesse, t'arr, pathologist, was recalled to the stand to re-examine photographs of the wounds, lie testified that in one picture he was unable to make out the wound, but in the other he saw a black area which he identified as hair. Fingerprint Demonstration The state also summoned Frank La Tulipe, San Francisco bureau of identification, to demonstrate the correct manner of taking fingerprints In an attempt to counteract defense charges that the .sheriff's investigation had been "sloppy." Thu mysterious note, lengthy and circumstantial, asserted that its author was five months pregnant with Lovett's child, Friedman said. The veteran district attorney said he received tho neatly written letter in a special delivery envelope in which were enclosed two bloodstained receipts. Tho letter said the receipts were for money the girl had received from young Lovett to pay doctors' fees and had been taken from the youth'a.,body the night of July 15 after a struggle between the victim and the writer's boy friend, whom she identified only aa "Jack." "If Mr. Friedman had attached any real significance to the letter he would have brought It to me 1m- Continued un Pane Two Index to Advertisers Page Abrams. Dr. R. V _ --.. 5 Artcraft of California 9 Arvin Theater 1" Booth's 10 T, , • *> 'I Brock s -, •> Buz'in Dr B 2 Citizens Laundry Coffee. Harry Culllton, John W Frank Meat Company Hiiskell Ur Hurold Ivors Furniture KKKX — KPMC Labor Views the News T im T ^Martin Freddlft Phillips Music Co The Barn „„.„.,,... Union Cemetery .„......*. Victory Shoe Shop Virginia Theater ... Weill's „.,........„.. Wrestling ill 4 2 4 9 13 10 t} 10 10 2 4 10 . . 8 g , 8 ..... 4 5 .~ .. 10 6 2 _.;.tO ...„ . -10 ....NT 7, 13 . 10 10 ; „. « 10

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