The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on October 2, 1944 · Page 16
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 16

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Monday, October 2, 1944
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Monday, October 2, 1944 <£tutorial $age of ®be IBaticrsftrlb Californian ALFHED HARRELL EDITOR AND PUBLlsHIB Entered In post office at Bnkorsflcld, California, an necond class mail under the act of Congress March 2, 1879. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tb« Associated Press Is exclusively nmttlixl to the use !<n publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not oiheru-lsf credited Is thlfl paper, and also the local news oublishrd iheretn. TlJ« Bakersfleld Callfornlan is n Iso n client of the United Press and receives Its complete wire pervlce. REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. New York* Chicago, San Francigco, Loi Aneolcs, Seattle, Portland. Denver WASHINGTON. 0 C.. BUUBAL The Haskln Service. WashlnRton, D C. By carrier or mall (In advance) In postal zone* one. two. three, per month. SSc: six months. SS.10: one ye;ir, Sit.HO. By mail In postal zones four to eight, per mnnth. $1.05. WAR CHEST CAMPAIGN T ut Unilcd War Ghost campaign throughout. California, and including Kern, soon in progress places an obligation upon the people of this area lo contribute generously in the creation of a fund which Avill not only meet the calls on the community relative to local charily, but which will, in part, aid a well-considered plan having to do with our disabled and returning soldiers. The people have been interested in the preliminary steps looking to the creation of an effective organization lo curry on this work and that being now effected, the hope- is thai Ihosc in charge of the movement Avill find Avide support among the residents of the city and those of the county. Of the $120,000 established as a quota for Rakersfiehl, $58,000 Avill go lo meet the needs of local charily. Naturally, to reach that quota Avill require not only persistent activity on the part of those in charge of Ihe drive bul of a generous people who have responded helpfully in all movements calculated to benefit the country in a critical period. Most residents of the county can contribute something lo the success of Ihe United War Chest drive. The fund will, of course, be augmented by Ihe contributions of those who can give liberally, but on the other hand a very material part will be derived from small donations, this emphasi/- ing the need of full co-operation with com- mitleemen in charge of that part of the activity proposed. Our soldiers Avill be returning from Ihe war comparatively soon—just how soon Ave may not know, but whether in this year or next, they Avill be beneficiaries of the generous response in the United War Chest campaign. And AVC have the right, both on their account and on Ihal of the civilian population, to see thai the return is most liberal. Compared with people in other nations of the world, AVC have been deprived, in wartime, of very feAV of the comforts AVC are accustomed to enjoy. We have had to meet many calls in support of the war and in aid of our Allies, but those investments have been necessary in order to achieve the victory that must come as a result of this conflict for peace and freedom. These are appealing arguments in favor of meeting the requesl now being made to a nation-wide population and we may look to sec Kern answer thai appeal jusl as it has in other campaigns. THAT LONG DELAY T HL injury done by reason of the long time delay in the construction of the Kern-Friant Canal is emphasi/ed by developments from time to lime which discourage the residents of a great agricultural area through the neglect to utilize a natural resources of incalculable value, that is, the flood and heretofore Avasted \valers of the Sierra. We learn now from one authority that construclion of the canal may begin by the end of the year, which is encouraging in itself, although il naturally directs attention to the impeded progress of one of California's greatest enterprises. The dam a I Frianl A\as long ago completed insofar as construction is concerned, although there is demand for some needed material in order that impounding of the water may begin at the earliest possible day. But we look forward to another year, at least of a wasted resource because the Federal government has not seen its way to proceed in the face of bureaucratic interference. That delay reminds us again of the error which permitted the Federal government to have control of a project closely related to the national and world food supply. There never Avas a sound reason Avhy the stale might not have retained full authority in this irrigation project. The amount of money involved would not have prohibited stale control, but perhaps it is too late IIOAV to consider what might have been. Hut since authority was given to the Federal government there is growing concern over the delay wlu'ch has manifested itself and which promises to withhold from a great area the benefit of available water necessary for its development. With a promise of early settlement of the issue that has arisen concerning the distribution of water in proportion to acreage, there appears to be nothing in the way of an early beginning of the Kern-Frianl Canal, without which impounded water will be of no value to the great body of laud in Jiern and Tulare counties. We arc encouraged to hope that there is truth in the conclusion Ihal that project Avill be under Avay by the end of the year. In the event such conclusion is not well founded an impatient people may yet move lo take steps to transfer authority from the Federal government lo that of the stale. ANOTHER WONDER DRUG S i UMIA and penicillin, the two glamor drugs of pharmacopoeia, have received so much publicity, and reasonably so, that they have somcAvhat obscured the fact that a new "mold," called "strcplolhricin." has been developed and thai il destroys germs that are oblivious to the sulfa drugs and penicillin. The IAVO men responsible for Ibis HCAV "mold" are Doctors Sehnan A. Waksman and II. B. Woodruff, of Rutgers University. The organism producing the mold flourishes in ordinary soils and is called Actinomyccs Javendulae, Avhich means nothing to us except that il produces streplolhricin. Penicillin is reported ineffectual against typhoid and dysentery, but strcplolhricin attacks the germs of these diseases and destroys them. 11 also attacks the germs causing undulant fever. Another advantage of the new mold is that it can be taken internally, something not possible Avith penicillin, which loses its effectiveness unless administered by injection. People in time Avill be hearing more of this drug, one of the three great mustketccrs militating against germs today with germicidal fervor and efliciency. This Avar has advanced medicine and surgery in many ways, not the least of which are Ihe applications of these new drugs in the business of reducing battle fatalities. After the Avar these medicines Avill be available for civilian use in commercial quantities. DOVER'S FOUR YEARS D OVICH, across from the French coast, has been Avithin range of the German coastal batteries in France for four years. The major significance of the German guns was their naval employment—to fire at Allied shipping in Ihe channel. Hut Ihe Germans, as has been remarked before, have nasty intentions and a manifestation of this unpleasantness consisted in the shelling of Dover. Firing heavy shells at Dover from huge, emplaced coast defense guns served no tactical end. If Dover had been blasted off the face of England il would not have affected the Avar, and the Germans knew this, of course, but for four long, terrible years, they lobbed shells at their own pleasure into Dover where Ihe residents, warned by detection devices, had some 70 seconds each time to get to their underground shelters. It was a terrible life to live and there Avas no military or naval reason for the affliction, but the Germans "are like that." Today Dover AMIS still celebrating the news that all the long-range coastal guns of the Germans in France have been captured by the Allies. RANDOM NOTES Again referring to Proposition No. 1 on Ihe November ballot, and having to do with Ihe issuance of veterans' Avelfare bonds, it is timely to point out Ihal under similar acts Avhich found favor with Ihe A-olers in 1922, 1<)2(>, 1JKIO and HKJ-I the stale issued bonds to the value of $80.000 to advance the welfare of veterans. Today the official figures at Sacramento disclose thai of this sum ,$.'{0,005 arc still outstanding, the remainder of the indebtedness having been liquidated. And that liquidation has come entirely from repayment by the borrowers. And al the same time the veterans' Avelfare fund has a cash surplus of approximately eight millions of dollars. _____ The experience in California in the practical effort to place funds at the disposal of the veterans lo enable them to secure farms and homes is a sound argument in favor of the proposition which is again submitted to the people of the slate. Such approval Avill give the soldiers of the present war the privileges that have been extended to older veterans, making available to them funds Avith which to further their independence. That will have a real value not only to the returning soldiers hut it will advance Ihe welfare of the stale itself and of its citi/en- ship generally. Amendments, legislative and initiated, submitted to the electors give them an opportunity to render direct verdicts upon measures which Avill affect the common AVC!- fare. Il is the duty of the same electors to inform themselves as to the effect of such proposed amendments in order that they may act upon them according to their best judgment. The list Avill be small in November as compared with other years, and arguments pro and con will be supplied by the authorities before the voters go to the polls. It is, indeed, worth their while to fully inform themselves as to how such legislation Avill affect their and tliair slate's future. Tke War Today EDITOR'S NOTE — Until such time a» .Ernie Fyle's column Is resumed following his vacation, this apace will be used for war feature stones By GEORGE E. JONES United Press War Correspondent ABOARD CARRIER FLAGSHIP, OFF LUZON, Sept. 22. (Via Navy liadin, Delayed Dispatch). — Hundreds of American dive bombers, torpedo planes and fighters circle over the sprawling city of Manila. It is rendezvous fur the second Battle of Manila Hay. They had taken off In rain squalls from the pitching, rolling decks of aircraft carriers off the coast of Luxori and battled through heavy c uud.s and over mountains to the flat green plain leading to the capital in the Philippines. Manila radio has finished tho morning setting up exercises. It is playing "Music for Your Morning .Mood." .Suddenly the announcer ire.iks in, a howling voice: "Attention, all listeners! This is an air raid warning." Bombers and torpedo planes with a fighter cover streak across the city from tho cast, circling north and east of Cavite Naval Base and H.; big anti-aircraft, suns. llelldivers scream down from 10,Odd feet and pull out over the ships ! inside the breakwater of the inner harbor. Torpedo planes come skimming in over Ihe hay from tho west, a long, thin line of grayish blue planes. Planes are peeling off on Nichols. Clark and Nielson fields. Others are circling over the old, walled inner city, over circular Bilibid Prison, over the stately government buildings, .seeking out their targets. Torpedus streak the waters of Manila bay. Ships are blowing up. The flout ing dry dock, called the L'. S. S. IX-Wfj when in American possession, is blazing and so are the ! great Atlantic Gulf and Pacific refinery mid oil storage depots along the water front. Smoke billows over the Pasig river and south over the Manila hotel where live high Japanese officers. Anti-aircraft fire erupts from vacant lots and the four-Ian.; Dewey Boulevard, which now serves as a takeoff strip for Japanese planes. A Zero streaks desperately almost at water level, dodging from side to hide with two Hellcats on its tail. Cargo ships are disintegrating off the coast of Bataan, where General MacArthur's men made their heroic stand, as bombs and torpedos find their targets. This was the first day of the second P.attle of Manila Bay which continued today with the same devastation. These waters where Admiral Dewey destroyed the Spanish fleet •1C years ago now are littered with gutted hulks of Japanese ships and smoke still drifts over the blaclcqA>d waterfront. The second battle laired "ft hours and it was no less a one- sided victory than the first. The Japanese made only one attempt at retaliation. Early this morning, we beat off an air attack. Bombs dropped near this and other carriers and bullets splashed against the flagship. Two sailors were killed and a few planes were damaged. And we lost some planes to anti-air- e.itfl fire. That was the cost of our victory which, according to reports so far available, Includes 36 ships s; iik and 27 damaged and probably sunk. Our planes shot down 144 planes and destroyed 104 on the ground. (Pacific he:ulc|\iarters announced afetr this dispatch was filed that 10, 1 ) Japanese ships and boats and 4(15 planes were destroyed or damaged in the two days attack on the Manila area, .September 21-22.) Lieutenant-Commander Lewis Ford. Poughkeepsie, N. Y., commanded a torpedo plane squadron that scored five certain hits and two probables. "I saw 12 hits against shipping," be said. "One torpedo group lilt a floating drydock with three fish. One Jap destroyer milling around the middle of the harbor was very lonely and unhappy and shooting at everything be saw." A few hours later, a dive bomber section commanded by Lieutenant Hal Buell, Ottumwa, Iowa, ended the destroyer's unhappliiess by sinking li I n i . TPie lack of air opposition was described by Lieutenant Alfred Mooty, U'inter liaven, Kla., who was among the first over Clark Field, 40 miles north of Manila, in bis Helldiver. "We circled at 10,000 feet and saw probably DO planes," he said. "The Japs had nothing In the air. We went down and dropped bombs and 1 think mine dropped in the midst of their parked planes. We climbed and circled for 10 minuets before the ack-ack opened up and the first Zeros started to come out on the runway. I went down again and strafed a trttckload of guys who might have been pilots." Pilots said they saw no more than (i to 12 Zeros at a lime and their passes were tentative, usually at a distance of 1000 yards. They attributed this weakness to the heavy destruction of parked planes the first dav. "One explosion at the field sent out visible shock waves through the humid air." said Lieutenant-Commander Lclloy Harris, Brown wood, Texas. "Manila was beautiful — the overcast looked like a valley fog, I kept thinking of San Francisco. " The entire force received this message from the ta~k force commander: "Another commendation to the officers and men of this task force for a job well done. In the attack on Luzon our pilots and air crewmen bit the enemy another disastrous blow in spite of hazardous weather. They cannot stop you." AVe had some losses. We lost 1 1 planes the first day. This carrier's radio heard a pilot say: "This is Mac. I'm going in." AVe heard nothing more of Mac. He didn't return. As we headed southward, the second battle of Manila won, the rear- admiral commanding this division, turned to this correspondent, saying: "This is one of the greatest victories of the war." Jnlollywoocl Colemn By PAULETTE GODDARD (Pinch-Hitting for Erskine Johnson) It lias been several months since I returned from visiting our boys in China, Burma and India. Because of Contractual obligations (a girl has to work, you know) it may be a number of weeks before I shall have the privilege of making a similar trip to England, France, and, I hope, Berlin. 1 shall go, however. And when 1 return I know I will repeatedly hear tho .same question that was asked me when I completed my 40,000-mile flight last spring: "Tell me, how is their morale?" That is what I shall hear. 1 shall have the same answer. You don't have to ask a world's heavyweight champion how he feels while he is in process of beating the daylight out a tough opponent. The morale of our boys is okay, and will always be okay as long as there is a rough, tough and important job to be done. It is their morale after the war that 1 am worried about. If they come back and find home, community, state, national and international conditions just as they were before all this mess started five and six years ago, their morale is going to be mighty low and their anger mighty high. 1 don't mean conditions in their homes. Those are bound to seem just wonderful Mothers, wives. .sweethearts, dads and uncles will see to that. I mean political, economic and social conditions. Boys from Texas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and South Carolina have shared dangers, foxholes, jeeps. air raids and hospital wards. They have a nev.' respect for one another, and that feeling is going to persist al'te. the war. Our men' in China have fought side by side with Chinese coolies. They've been tended by Chinese nurses in hospitals on the field. Our boys know at first hand just what Russia's stalwarts have accomplished. There won't be much loose talk of an indiscriminate "yellow peril" or much alarmist .red baiting among them when they come back. They'll want jobs, our boys will. and a chance to earn :• living. They'll want to be sure that peace is something that carries a genuine guarantee. They'll be thinking in world terms, and far beyond former horizons aiid boundaries. For our men will have been everywhere, and lads from Brooklyn will not be thinking of Cincinnati as "out west" when they come back from overseas. That postwar morale of theirs is our immediate care and responsibility. \Ve can't go back in our shells. AVe can't pull isolationist bedclothes up aroun- 1 -our heads so we won't Jieat the martial alarm clock the next time is begins to click and sputter. And we can't afford to miss any opportunity to help keep Nazism and Fascism from rising again. Cot>yrlKht, 1944. NliA Service. Inc. T U "[Q) 1] "^TT"* * jL ihe JKeaders' Viewpoint KUlTOirs NOTK-Letteni should be limited lo 150 words; may attack Ideas but not persons; limit not lie alni'.ilve urn! should be written li-nihly and on one side of the paper. The C'allfomlun Is nut ituponsllue tor Ihe stntlnn'iits remained therein and revives the rlilht to rfjwl any tellers. Li-Hois must lirui an authentic address and signature, although these will be withheld il de.ilrrd. LOST I'lGEONS i tion. For instance, the statement Editor The Californian: that we furnish 98 per cent of the Thank you very much for giving the Lost and Found Pigeon Bureau a writeup in your Bakerst'leld Call- men arid warships for both the African and European campaigns and that the British avoid any severe 'ornian. It has already paid us; fighting is, by the record, ridiculous. dividends in locating our lost racing America First either does not read pigeons. all the news, or he remembers only 1 received a postal card from n what suits his prejudiced mind. ady in Fellows, who had found one; How, in the name of Almighty, of our birds and telling me of the; can we hope for lasting peace when article hi your paper. 1 have never pmpasanda is circulated implying seen the article and would appiv- ; that the Allies .are not co-operating elate it very much if you would ove ,i j,, the war! America First send me one tor my scrap book of r U rther implies that Great Britain is "Pigeons In the News." ; trying to foster a future war be- Please find enclosed, self-addressed and stamped envelope for mailing clipping If possible. Thanking you again for your kindness, 1 am A. O. BARSTOW, Secretary l.«ost and Found Pigeon Bureau. "Ql'EHEC CONFERENCE" Editor, The Californian: tween the United States and Russia. What a foundation for peace! HERMAN AV. AVEDDLE. "LOVE YOl H ENEMIES" Editor The Californian: > _ Not long ago a wltt>* Irish preacher was addressing a crowd of men on the street in the slums of In General George C. Marshall's 1 Chicago. As he addressed them he speech to the American Legion recently he said that ihe only hi.pe left to Germany Is to stir up dlseentlon among the Allies and that the enemy Is having no small success along this line. The letter "Quebec Conference" by America First, published In The Californian, September 22, Is a good example of this weapon and the fact that it WUB read by many people who thought it expressed the true situation Indicates the damage that can said, "Men, your worst enemy Is drink," and one in the crowd who had partaken too much of what some call the Democrats' hip-pocket enthusiasm, that waa powerful enough lo sharpen scissors, remove corns and unravel the Atlantic cable, shouted, "The Bible says to love your enemies," and the crowd roared and laughed at the preacher. After they got through -the Irish preacher^sald, "Yes, the Bible does say for you to love your enemies, but It doesn t be done by this method, j suy for you to swallow them,'* and The letter was so ful! of misstate- the crowd roared and laughed again. nieiits and erroneous implications that I am (surprised It found publlca- JOSEPH 8. KIRK* Box 127, Wasco, Calif. From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Califninian. this date, 1934) Miss Freise's maternity home is now located at 721 Eighth street. Moving pictures will be taken of the cotton ^ picking contest by Fox Movietone, Chairman Ed Murdoch ^said today. Bakersfield Elks Lodge lost 'the ritualistic contest to Fresno lodge last night, placing second in the competitive rituals. Miss Fay Helm has been chosen to play the lead in the Little theater production "Another Language." Young women Interested in riding organized "Boot and Spur" Club yesterday at the home of Miss Virginia A'oorhies. The crystal wedding anniversary of Mr. and Mrs. William Fote was celebrated when Native Daughters of the Golden West met Friday night. TWENTY YEARS ACiO (The CallCoiiilan, this dnte. 19IJ4) John Kelly state president of the Eagles lodge, will be entertained by the local aerie soon. Guest of honor on the evening also will be Dr. George C. Sablchl, National Exchange Club president. The new Bakerst'ield-Taft highway improved at a cost of $1,00,000, was completed today. Dr. Price Edwards, county veter- narian. attended San Joaquin Valley's Veternarians meeting in Fresno yesterday. A nation-wide drive to bring voters to the polls has been launched. LaFollette, Coolidge and Davis head the campaign. DeMolny Chapter is planning a play for early production and now favors the comedy "Turn to the Might." Decision will be reached tonight. THIRTY YEARS AGO • The Ciilifoi-Mian, thin date, 1U14) Mrs. L. E. Chenoweth entertained the Thursday afternoon Club at her home on Eureka street yesterday. Mrs. J. W. Heard of Oil Center is spending a few days with friends here. Uowen Irwin will repeat his talli on free speech at Beale Park tonight. J. L. Evans former city engineer, has been asked to be a candidate for county surveyor. C. A. Barlow heads the Democratic central committee in this community. War Bulletins: Russians will invade Germany through Galicia. Million Muscovites to join present forces in attack on Kaiser's empire. Germans provide for retreat in France. Antwerp attacks repulsed by Belgians. Krupp holdings in Great Britain safe. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Culit'iiinittii. this dale. 1!)04) There is no surplus oil at McKittrick. Bob Jones heard a noise in his chicken coop and fired his gun. wounding the thief who escaped leaving a trail of blood. The Hemphill murderers have not yet been captured. Labor organizations are recommending B. F. Coburn for the vacancy in the office of city trustee. The Japanese-Russian war theater at Mukden is quiet for the day. Effective today, electric light rates will be reduced about seven per cent. Burglars robbed the home of Mr. and Airs. J. H. Carr this morning. C. A. Barlow has returned from Goldfields, Nev. He reports the railroad washed out and a famine threatening. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1894) The finest specimen of Bartlett pears ever seen in Kern county is on exhibit at Drury's Drug store from the orchard of H. C. Park. Snow was visible on the mountains yesterday. The old post office room is being neatly papered. The Reverend L. A. Green preached his last sermon here yesterday. He leaves for conference next week and will not return. Sixty head of unbroken mules were sold here recently to parties from Orange county for prices ranging from $55 to $60 each. They will be used for putting in large grain crops near Santa Ana. Editorial Note: America for Americans is the Republican slogan. Isn't it a great deal better than Avnerica for foreigners which apparently. Is the watch word of Tory Wilson and his co-adjutors. SO THEY SAY Getting the additional workers for t'.ie urgent programs has been tough. We can get them through the controlled hiring plan if we can counteract the tendency on the part of the people to think in terms of next year's automobile instead of this year's war.—Acting WPB Chairman Julius A. Krug There can be jobs for all only If business, industry and agriculture are. able to provide those jobs. There are no clever shortcuts to this goal. It cannot be achieved by some in- gt'nious scheme concocted by a social dreamer in a government bureau. -Thomas B. Dewey. The summer of this year, which our enemies predicted would see the collapse and capitulation of the Reich, has gone. Their united onslaughts have brought us numerous military reverses and losses, but no sign near or far of a German collapse.—Goebbels. PEN SHAFTS Because we've been at the bottom of a lot of war efforts, our soldiers are coming out on top. Buy more war bonds! Squirrels are playing havoc with the landscape of Capitol Hill in Washington. Could they be looking for nuts? Both political parties seem well aware of the fact that now is the time for winter wraps. Definition of work: Something put into the world to make loafing more fun. >enino tue -(By PAUL. MALLON) ews A THOUGHT FOR TODAY WASHINGTON. Oct. 2 — What fooled us on the Siegfried Line and In Holland were the surprising result:: of tho general mobilization Hitler undertook publicly more than a month ago. That far back he apparently began planning his current, fight. By his desperate drain of manpower for his home stand he was able to maintain his border front after the best half of his armies in western Europe had been destroyed in France. When our authorities ran Into this unexpected show of strength, some of them threw up their hands In pessimism anC. started predicting an end of the war before spring. This is the focal explanation of the perplexing fluctuation in reports from the battle line the past 10 days. Where he got so many troops la yec something of a mystery. Officers were taken out of administrative chairs. Soldiers were drawn from garrison an*l police duty. Even tradesmen and workers in key industries were called upon to fill home gaps left by the military going to the front. To the vacated places of these workmen at home he forced more foreign workers. Boys 16 and younger were called to duty. The physically disqualified were fitted in. These recruits are naturally not of the best. But some good troops were called in from the Russian front and from Denmark (which has been virtually a fighting front since the uprisings started months back.) Piecing these together, he was able to get a line. But the very nature of these troops makes the current popular pessimism tenuous. The line may prove to be more formidable than a road block, to be swept away. The righting of the next few days will give a better understanding of future prospects The disaster to the British paratroopers in Holland, lamentably tragic as it was, cannot be consid- ered militarily as important as the less advertised developments southward showing Hitler had manpower. The extent of this defense in depth could not be known definitely, however, until fully probed by fighting. This is not the first time we have been fooled. When the German line broke In Normandy there was an excellent prospect the war would be won in France by complete annihilation of their western forces. While more than half were rendered useless. Hitler was surprisingly able to preserve the military organization of those retreating armies and some of these troons now augment his last drain of home manpower • The Nazi forces in Holland, and many stationed in Belgium were never in the French fight,. These, retreating to the homeland, vy*re able to create the Arnhem pockeutn which we lost. 6200 with only 1800 escaping. But he even appeared with un air force there when he had to have it. We were overly optimistic also in estimating German morale. Their defenses have been spotty. At some key points of their choice they fought fanatically, but in France, after the breakthrough, their troops indicated distaste for fighting except in the suicide squads at the channel ports, and even these troops were far less anxious than their officers. If our estimates on any of these three points—morale, manpower and the opportunity in France—had been realized the war would be over now. If just a single one of these lively prospects had turned our way, the other two could not have saved him. Now it all depends on who has the greatest force at this battle line or how long it will take us to get more power there. The situation is about as in Normandy after the initial landings. It can still turn either way. (World tx>uyrleht, 1944. by King k'eaturea Srn- dicate. Inc. All rights reserved. Iteproduuilon ID full or lo part slllctly prohibited.) W fl « / askniLgtoii -iBy PETER EUSON)- Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be, than dismayed; for, the Lord thy God in wtlh thve whithersoever thou go- est. — Joshua 1;!). • * • Courage—an independent spark from Heaven's bright throne, By which the soul stand raised, triumphant, high, alone. —Farquhur. AVhile the War Labor Board is conducting its public hearings on petitions of labor organizations to break the Little Steel Formula, it will be confronted with pleas that the issue be settled on the basis of the unions' specific demands, and not on the basis of some trick new theory, setting up a postwar wage policy, or as a political football to be kicked around till after the election. Labor leaders are beginning to imply that they are finding it more and more difficult to hold their unions in line. The wage issue has been around since last November, and at recent union conventions the leaders had a hard time keeping the rank and file from voting to abandon the no-strike pledge. Three times the repeal of that pledge barely escaped passage at the Auto Workers' convention, and it is still to be decided by a referendum of the more than a million members in this biggest union in the world. The Rubber AVorkers' convention also had a close call because some of their biggest locals wanted to repeal the pledge. By some standards, the United Mine AVorkers have already broken the pledge through their countenancing of strikes of supervisory employes. And so it goes. Unions now Involved in demands to break the Little Steel Formula Include the entire A. F. of L., and in the C. I. O., the Steelworkers, the Electrical, Aluminum, Glass, Auto, Packinghouse and Shipyard workers. It is far and away the most potent labor pressure group ever to marshal its forces behind a single demand— "defrosting of frozen wages," as it's called by Editor Len DeCaux of the C. I. O. News. In this particular, the administration finds itself on a hot spot: Less than six months ago, marking the first anniversary of the President's famous "hold the line" order of April 8, 1943, Director of Economic Stabilization Fred M. Vinson, Price Administrator Chester Bowles, AVar Food Administrator Marvin Jones, and AVar Labor Board Chairman AVilliam H. Davis issued a report to the President, bragging about how yell the line had been held. "The level of basic • factory wage rates has been raised less than one and one-half cents an hour," said the report. "Wages have been stabilized. "We must not jeopardize these gains bV any change of policy or relaxation of effort in the critical months ahead," the report recommended towards the end. "The need for continued restraint and continued co-operation with every phase of the stabilization program is evident. Obviously, too, we should cling to the policies and machinery which have served us so efectively thus far." Those are noble sentiments, but again the prophets of doom are predicting that if the Little Steel Formula is now to be broken, somebody is going to have to eat em. Chairman Davis of AVLB has indicated that the board might come up with recommendations for changes in wage policy different from the changes demanded' by the labor unions. The inference in this important statement is that the board might be thinking more about preventing wage reductions after the war, when the economic objective will be to maintain purchasing power and consumption. It is a question how satisfactory any such new formula—bending the Little Steel Formula without breaking it—would be to the labor leaders. In previous evasions of the Little Steel Formula, the coal miners got portal-to-portal pay, the nonoperat- ing railroad brotherhoods got overtime, but these two groups got only minor adjustments in basic pay rates. What the present drive against the Little Steel Formula is all about is to get increases in basic pay rates on work weeks of 40 hours or less. Best indication of this trend came from the miners' convention in Cincinnati, when it was announced that they* would ask for a dollar a day increase in basic pay, with adoption of the seven-hour day and five-day week in place of the nine-hour day and six- \ day week in force at present. an A nswers -(BT THE HASKIN SERVICE)Q. When was 'the sit-down strike adopted in this country?—L. P. A. Harris, in "American Labor," says the earliest on record in this country appears to be a strike at the General Electric plant in Schenectady, N Y., in December, 1906. At a given signal picked groups of mechanics and machinists in key departments folded their arms and stood gazing at their tools and worktables. They remained indoors for 65 hours. Q. Why are oysters not eaten In months whose names do not contain the letter "r"? —E. A. A. Oysters should not be eaten during their spawning months, but should be protected in this period. It is merely a coincidence that the names of these months do not contain the letter "r." Oysters are not unwholesome during these months, if eaten fresh from unpolluted waters. Q. When was the first world series broadcast?—J. R. P. A. The first baseball game broadcast direct from the field was a world series game between the New York Yankees and the New York (•iants on October 4, 1922, over WEAF. Q. Is there such a thing as a medical discharge from the army?— P. P. A. The term "medical" does not appear on an army discharge. Some persons erroneously call a discharge given because of a physical disabiltty a medical discharge. Q. Hfcw far does the blood travel in circulating through the body? R. W. B, A. The blood travels about 12.000 miles. This is equivalent to nearly half the distance around the world. Q. Is a jack rabbit born with long ears?—N. R. F. A. When a jack rabbit is first born Its ears are short, but they grow at a rapid rate. Q. How many better business bureaus are there?—H. K. P. A. As of 1943 there were 85 In the United States and Canada, located In the principal cities. Q. Whjat does the final "a" on the name Indiana signify?—W. D. H. A. The final "a" is a Latin place- suffix meaning land. Thus Indiana means "land of the Indians." Q. Is It possible to send a Christmas package to a prisoner of war in Germany?—K. B. G. A. The next of kin of a prisoner of war in Germany may send him a Christmas package. No special label is provided. One of the ordinary labels furnished the next of kin every 60 days should be used. The regulations for such packages are the same of those for oversea military personnel. Q. How many women are working for the government?—J. L. B. A. The number of full-time women employes in the executive branch of the federal government at the end of July, 1944, was 1,085,84C. Women accounted for 68 per cent of full- time employment in the Washington, D. C., metropolitan area, and for 36 per cent of full-time employment outside this area. Q. AA'hat Is the approximate cost of blood plasma when purchased through ordinary commercial channels?—F, R. C. A. One unit, which is equal to a pint of whole blood, costs about $30. Q. What* was the potential voting population in 1940?—R. B. A. According to a census bureau estimate the potential voting population was 79,X63,451 in 1940. About 70.4 pei' cent voted. Q. What are the ugliest animals? S. AV. N. A. The wart hog and the mandrill, a fierce west African baboon, are probably the most hideous of animals. Q. Why was the nickname Equality State given to Wyoming?—M. N. A. Wyoming la known as the Equality State because It was a pioneer in woman suffrage. Q. Does an alien who has been inducted Into the army become an American citizen thereby?—8. D. R. A. Induction into the army docs not confer "American, citizenship. Q. How many studies did Leonardo make for the figure of Judas in The Last Supper?—E. C. G. A. He is said to have made 40, A ttader can let lh« ituwrr to to; question or ltd by wrltlm Tb* baktnfleld CilKoml.n Information Burwu, tl« By* Htrtel. N. K., W««Wn«lon, i, O. C. m*u« «oek>M tore* at , rent* tot tttilr.

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