The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 12, 1936 · Page 4
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 4

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Saturday, September 12, 1936
Page 4
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Finished Steers Scarce but Half-Fat Animals Find Poor Demand lly ,J. A. McNAi;OIlTON T OS ANQEUSS, Sept. 12.—Largo •*- J numbers of cattle continue to come to the leading markets and continued largo supplies are anticipated during tho balance of the year. Highly finished ulcers are becoming rather scarce on tho market and as a result, prices are j holding up on such grades, with many market obnorvers of tlio opinion that tbo best Crudes of ff.d cattle tiff more likely to advance than decline In value. But tho rank and flic of poorly fleshed and In- between c/ittlo nro becoming rnlher burdensome, inasmuch tin most of this stock must BO directly Into killer clinnnnls In the nhncnco of a brond demand for Miocker and fender cattliv I'oorer lows Decline Thn re-fluII in that entile prices are on an unusually wide price rango. The, fed cull ID appear to br in strong position with Indications of continued Btrength. Tho plainer mid common cat lie urn weak and have declined In valuo In recent weeks. Thus on the I.OB Angeled market, choice, long-fed steers nro quoted at $S to J!i and oven higher; half f:it and nborl-fod stnarn nrc, now celling nt JIU.O to $7 50; strictly common and thin steers are down to jn.&O and $B.2i>. In spite oi admittedly hU;h prices of foods, (hern are many In I ho trado who bollovo lhut II will pay good dividends to finish steers for tbo markeiH. In fact, many good feeders have told mo that their host profits have count In tho years of relatively high fend costs, because tho finished product, generally Is also relatively high In such periods. See Lower I'rloe Hcalo Indication* also soeni to polnl to a lower scale of prlcen on stacker and feeder cattle than prevailed last year, duo to scarcity and cost of feeds, tho fuel that most cattle food- urs lost money on last season's operations, and tho apparent fact that with more cattle forced Into tho nmrkol/i, there Is bound to bo a considerable drop In middle western cat- tie fowling operations us n result of drouth and whorl (Veil supplies. The picture Is not altogether dark for the man who In forced to noil half-fat oat tin this full. Thorn Is a much broader demand for beef as u romilt of lucre-lined piircliasInK power; I ho Hhortago of pork supplies naturally niusi iiirn commuters lo thn most logical mihHtltutc Letters Attracted Prize Contest! Control of Transmissable Diseases krPpultry Told Hy HORACE T. STttONG, AiwWiuil Farm Adviser T HE tranumlBBUblo diseases, also termed infoctlotis or contagious diseases, uro tho ones of great economic importance und havo npecial interoBt to the poultry flock owner, While there IH special consideration to bo given Homo of those diseases, there are Dome general prln- clplofl that uro applicable to all. Thouo concern meumirca which asulst In keeping dlaenne from a farm and In checking spread of dlHciiBO that may appear In tho flock, and which, If conHcfehtloii«ly adopted, would ^contribute much toward reducing j tho spread of und IOBBOB from In| fO(;tlOU8 (llHOaHOR. First, of all is tho precaution In i purcliaiilng now Block. Apparent healthy fowls may carry tho germs of a numbor of InfectloiiB discuses and In this way bring dlHcaso to u poultry farm. Thin may bo dono In one or more of three posnlblo waym 1. Fowls from contaminated promises may mechanically carry Infective material on tho feathers, foot or other partn of the body. 2. Fowls mny have been exposed to some, iieuto Infection mich as fowl pox JiiMt prior to purchams, and tho Kyniptoms would not appear until after transfer to tho now premise*. 8. Thero may bo localized Infection In Borne organ which does not affect tho general health, mieh as pulloriim disease and fowl cholera. Sumo of the preenutlonn that will aHHlHt In avoiding tho Introduction nf by tuioli means aro as fol- FARM WRITER j Study Hev(|als No Gcnerul F/xodus From Midwest Misfortunes , Aiioclatcd I'ruts t.tnmxl Wirtj WAHMINHTON, Kept. 12.—A government population study showed today that repeated droughts, dust Htorms, grnnshopper plagues and adversltled In tbo great plains states hud failed to reduce the numbor of persons on farms there In recent years. Tho popular Impression that th«ro ban been considerable depopulation IH not correct." said Ur. Conrad Tanubor of the division of fnrm population nnd rural life, who made tho study. "Taken us a whole the fnrm population of thn 10 plains states has remained nlmonl otatlonary slnco the World War." Taouber mild. One-fifth of tho entire, fnrrii population of this country was living In the plnlriH Ntntoti on Jiinuary 1, Ilirifi, ho said. Tlu'Ho Included the Dnkotaft, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Toxns, Montana. Wyoming, Colorado and New Mexico, However tbo Increanc of farm population In the 10 slates between 1010 and I0,'!5 was placed at only •IB,000, or IOHH than one-half tho numbor of children born to farm women there In any one of recent yea r«. by .Many letters of Til words or Ion?) aro pouring In on the Hhlrley Temple dull conlest. staling "Why I would like In go lo thn LHH Angeles county fiilr." All tlie boyw anil girls from (i to li! years of ago aro ullglhlo to enter this content made posslblo tiy tho Los Angolas County Kalr Assoclii tlon who have sent these dolls to be adopted by little boys and girls In Bakersflold. Tho dolls can bo soon on illnplny nl tho Fox. Nile and California I boaters and a first, second and third nrlr.o will h,< awarded lo the win tiers at tho t n ox Mlc.key Mouse Club meeting on .Saturday morning. Kep lumber 2fl. The coiiiesi cloHi's on fiaturday. Heptuml'er III. In addition to the three prl/.en, other Khtrlny Temple dolls will will alxo bo awurded King Will Dispose of Purebred Herd H'nllfit I'rtmi f,rn»i(l U'lrr' CALGAKY, Allii., Wept. !'•' i :nui i itUiu and Amei'l'Min entile men \\lll ' have an opiioi-lunlly in lmpio\o. 'their berdw lhl« fall \\lth pedigreed nhorthorn cattle Irom Kim: lOihvnnl VIll's "I". I'." much nl reklnlio Alln, Profi'Hiior W. I.. Carlyle. mnniiK'M' of the ruynl I'liiifh, IUIM nnniuiuri'd thill becaiiHO of n compmnMM- hhoi I ago of feed, -in heiul of tho 1 (In re«li> tnrod Mcotllsb Hliorlh«rnh, ini-n-d mi tho ranch, would I"- dlHp t in,'d i,f nl public aui'tloii nt I >o\\ nn\-lew. nut . 01) October '.111. Included In the ulieilu^'. ulll Ui Huvornl head of puie|i|-i-d ycai-llni; helfern and bullii. .1 nuniliri nf liu ported i-nws with rail ii t"«ii cuul tin, Hhow held nl' II hi nil \\ hi. h <ii|iiiirr.l Iliiuiy Pl'l'e" thlM hummer nl full" In weHli'fli I'n niula Farm Prices Still Below jOld Levels il'iillnl 1'rcn l,i-<i»nt H'lirl HKUKHM'JY. Hcpl. IL'.-Although ! farm prices nro Hhowlng a slight j Increase over Hume of a year iigo. I they Ml 111 havo a lonu way to no be i fore they moot I lie pro-depression \ level, according to the latent nur- I voy of the (llannlnl r'undallon of Agricultural Kconomlcn. In a prleo comparlMon with .liino, IIKlfi, I ho foundation noted an In-; croami In III out of :M loading Itenm \ of agricultural production. I'oiutoeii topped the lint with an Im-roami from f>0 i-enlN to JI.SO 11 hunliel. However, the general price aver ago of all prodiiclH covered wan I OH . per cent of the Juno, UMMIiir, average but only (III per cent of the .luno iivorago ilurlnir Die iiro-iloproimlon period of IJl'Ju I!)2H. *-*-* U.C.Man Directs Africa Pest Work I'lil/i'i! I'rrtt l.fdtfil lI'liT' DAVIS. Cnl., Hopt. I'-' - Frank \V. 1 Allen iiKNoelale pomolo^ls! In tho j 1 I'lilvei-Hlty of California, mi Ihe liavln ; campus, will leave here HOOII for tho 1 I'nlon of South Africa to nld the , Kovornmoiit of thai country nuho HH I mil MpnlliiKo prohlem i ThoumimlH of dollars wnrih of i South African frultn, Hnld on tho 1 export markcl. have boon found re- ci'iilly lo havo spoiled while III ship- nienl, doNpllo all olforlH to keep them under perfect re I rlKorat Ion. IOWH: Precaution Needed To establish a floclt or to make replacements or additions to existing OIION, use only hatching eggn or day-old chlckH. They fire not | likely lo bring with thorn any din- OUSOB except those which may bo triiriHinllled through oggn. Diseases thai aro traiiHrnlttod In thlB manner may ho almost entirely avoided by careful Investigation of tho sources of rggM and chirks. I Ho not ptircluiBo any fowls from flocltH In which an InfoelloijH dls- 1 onNo ban recently boon prcBcnt nor from flocliB which havo been «orl- oiiHly troubled with rllBoaso over a period of yenr». l ; 'oi oxample, It would bo uriwlso to purcbano fowls from a poult rytiinn who WIIH soiling out been use of honvy losses from disease, oven though the fowls remaining appeared to bo In good boa llh. Fowls which are newly purchased or returned from a content, show or fair, nhould bo kepi separate from others on tho farm for at leant two wor>hri. HroodlnK nlocU should bo piir'-hriHod nubjocl to tent for tu bprouloids nnd piillorum disease, or Nllll, imrctintto brooding lowls only from flocliH which by systematic toBltng luivo born r,hown to bo froo from IhohO dlSOUNOH. Mcoliniiicnl Carriers Broadway's bright lights arc fascinating, but Mrs. Susan Frawlcy Eisele, adjudged the best rural newspaper correspondent in a national contest, says she Is content <Hlh the kerosene lamps of her Uluc Earth, Minn., farm home. Pictured with li'cr Infant son, whom Hhc brought to New York on the trip financed by the contest Hponsors, «hc sold she was more interested in the metropolitan sights than night clubs. Nevertheless, 193(5 Crop Will Bo Smallest in'53 Years, Predict Experts i Munctalrd t'rctt l.taicA IJ'Ire. 1 \VASIIIN(!TO.\, Sept. 12.--T110 agriculture dcpurtment today call- iiKilod thlH year's corn crop at 1,458,- iOfi.nOO bushels, an Increase of 1.3 I per cent over the August 1 estimate. I N'evorlhclofm. It will be tho Hinallcst | crop In fiii years. j Tho department Bald continuation i T r»o^" ; of tho drought and hot weather j JLjclol I through most of August in tho central states and tho Increased severity of tho drought conditions In tho •out h west caused a decline of nearly por cent In crop prospects as a Farm Bureau Federation Na'tional Meeting in December INFORMATION coming lo the •*• Kern County Farm Bureau office from convention headquarters estimates a crowd of 10,000 pooplo will attend tho annual convention of the American Farm Bureau Federation at Pasadena on December 7, 8, 0, 10,11. Kern county han been given a quota of 150 members and accord- Ing to A. H. Walker, president of tho Kern Cotinty Farm Bureau, there will bo no Question but that this number from Kern will bo greatly exceeded. Plans for the convention aro rap- Idly taking form. A California Farm Bureau chorus of 400 voices Is being organized and will ma go a precon- ventlon musical program on Sunday evening, December 0, This chorus will also furnish music throughout tho annual meeting. A reception for all Farm Bureau members with the California Farm Bureau acting as host will bo held Tuesday evening, December 8. On Wednesday, at noon, 8000 California Farm Bureau members and 4000 of tho out-of-stato guests will assemble at Brook sldo Park for a great Span- lab barbecue. Wallace to Speak Tho barbecue will take the place of tho annual banquet and guest speakers for tho occasion will bo Henry A. Wallace, secretary of the United States department of agriculture and Robert Gordon Sproul, president of tho University of California. Agricultural tours are planned to various parts of southern California and on Friday evening, December II, there wll be a dinner at Mount I..owo. On tho following day there will bo a Farm Bureau party at Santa Catallna Island. r C'oddlngton Named Officers and members of the California Farm Bureau Federation look upon the national convention in 'California as an opportunity of a lifetime to attend a great gathering of j organized agriculture so closo "at home. Committees will be appointed In each farm center during tho month of September to look after details of Informing their membership of convention plans. F. J. Codding' THE RUST COTTON PICKER Almost human in Its ^peratlon, tho Rust cotton picker, which may have far-reaching effect on social conditions of the south, was dem- onstrated at Stoncvllle, Miss. Photo dhows Mack Rust working: on the machine that ho and his brother Inventor, John, say will do the work of 82 men. Range Improvement Basis oi Conservation Program mm PACI Taking Substandard Dried Fruit From Usual Trade Channels Projected tmitrd /'rr». Leattd wire} VVA qm«P'mi q«ni i" <s,,h WASHINGTON, Sept. 12.—6ub- standard dried prunes of tho !l936 cr °P are to bo diverted from normal lrado channels to specified by-prod. . . - ucls " scs under an agreement an- ton of Delano Is county chairman of nounccd today between Secretary Uy FRANK BVVIXG Associated Prou Stiff Writer WASHINGTON, Sept. 12.—The ** new soil conservation program embracing the western livestock Industry was hailed by agricultural adjustment officials today as the basis for a "broad range improvement program" next year If stock- a committee to assemble voices from Kern county to become part of the state-wide chorus. 1M 111 .\riylhlng, living or Innnlmntc. that iniiv K", bv doHlgn or chance, from olio poultry fnrm to another ma v l»o a mechfinlcal agent In tho dlNRKinlnatlon of the dlweiine. Such I wbolo IhliiKH an wild blrilH nnd dimt car- ; [ t i,,],ir.d. however, thnt recent rlod bv the nlml nro parllnlly or en- i rains "appeal- to have bcotf Hiiffl tlri'ly uncontrollable I'rociiutlnns j cloudy widespread to prevent may !»• taken, however, In emitrril- liter deterioration of crops from linn other men UN of mechanical car- Series Scheduled Allen will upend snvernl montlm jnltemptliiK In dlHcover IT liu npoll- 'ago I-i rcHultlng from sporo life rler'i of dlneani'. Oo nn( allow \lHllnrs, partlcu- birly Ibiiso \vlms<i biislnexM or oc- ciipalliin lulics them from farm lo farm, lo enter poultry houses or j arils, Poultry aiiclis and cnitos from other I'niniH are nlHn mcchanli'al cnrrlcni of dlHonxc unloMN they aro thoroughly cleaned nnd disinfected hoforo. being lirought to Ihe place. Tho covering of nil oponlnxH in houtiOM with Himill ini'sh wire helps to keep out wild blrdii. Approprlalo mensuroH mhould In' ndopled to keep down flics nnd ino.',(|tiltocn Thin may rcnulre not simply the proper dlHpofinl of manure nnrl ollmlnntlon of wnler holes by the Indlvldunl jiotil- Iryman, lull mny Involve nbnlemont dlHtrlctn It IIIIK been definitely dhown thnt mor<qulliie» i-nn tranxmlt fowl pn.v and It Is probable Unit oilu-r dlnonnoH mny IlkewlHo l>u In- Heel borne. WASCO, Sept. 13.—Tho summer luncheons given by tho Ladles' Aid Society of tho Methodist Episcopal Church during the heated months .. j and which have proved very popu- I lnr . will be concluded next VVcdnes- droughl this season." ! (1 "y' September 10, when the entire A.month ago corn production waa i society will contribute delectable forecast nt I'.'ISO.IHB.ODO busbels. food. Luncheon will be served at The d»pnrtment estimated that this yenr'M out-turn of all wboat, winter and spring, would be 03u,- I'11.000 luishclK. A month ago It placed tho Indicated production at Complete Harvest C ? ttl « Purchwjes Thompson Grapes '" Drou f ht Sinal1 I liu -\ i-HlIni; of ThompMiii M>edlc.i» Kniprh l\u I;I|M|IIM | n complete hi Ki'iii ronnl\ in'i-oi-dlnn I" N. " Hudson iitiMMani hum advisor. I'rlocM i|ii»led b\ the buyers nro running lilinillil jli.i per lull III Ihe prcH fill ttui'' th r and iii walling fur 'I'll'- lrr>i| m ,, \\c n ut \ cry M-om !u State Is Model 1'or Manchuria 1 ru»il U r i CACKAMENTO, Sept. 12.-~.Mclh- *^ otls used by the t'ullfornin department of unriculturc in control of rodvntN lire to be employed by thu governments of Mutu-huriu and Inner Monuoliii, department headquarters here was Informed. Dr. Klkuo Kuriuii'lii, M. I)., chief of the NcroUiKlcnl di'imrl- ment of the South Munrhuiiun railway, now visiting in California, told W. C. JacoliHcn, assistant director of the Mute department of agriculture, the methods used hero were found tu be the moM efficient und advanced uf ull types 'of control i-onwldi-rcd. A long time program, invulvinu UBC of the California B.vwtcui, vlll bo inaugurated upon hi* return to Uuiren, Manchuria. Doctor Kuraui'hl »uid. M l.illir nitirUei " \UI.H iiveniKlliK ar '•' ceniti ,i hi).: I I'm- itbdled 'I'hompfi »rrc ijuotlm; $1', p l"i .lulci' HIiicK iiiiimcem, nl iii Hifi-rii'iM I'll.. III. 1 Ii. \\urlll ?i'U I.'. Inririlhi Ihe li-ndi'llt \ nl hold Ilii'lr lalNhiH lnr Hi crn bid KM tl f Soplcliilicr und ll.'i I-CIIIM In . Ii riinh inicl<. Ihe w Inorlon n delhcred, Maid H an. ihul I'MiNlmt l\|ir.l,,l 10 (;ru\\r|-M lo ime \\'.\SMINiiTuN Sept. Ii. • • Kmer- Kcncy bn\'ln|4 of ciiltlo In tho ilrmiKliI aren hy the agricultural ailJuMlment iidmluUUriitlon thin year IIIIM amounted to only a siuull frac- lion nf the I'.'III purclumei'. The AAA'n records shojvcd today the purclnixo of only i'!)04 bead Hlnco thu Unit purchUBOB were nu- ilutrlxcd. .linn' '.MI. luirlni: the I'.lHl drounbl, tho AAA iii'imhi * "SII.I.MIO head uf cnttlo at ii IMK.I nf approxliuiitcly $113,000,000 In iirder in prevent ileinornllvuitlon of prlccM III'I'KUMP of forced M Illng. In uddlllon, J7.01)0,1100 wn» spent for hhcep nml KoalH. for which no nu- Ihorl.'ni Inn IIIIH been made thlw year. 031!,7^ri,000 bimhels. I,ant year's production was 8^3,4.1-1.000. 4 «-» • - •• ' •• Plum Crop Totals 4000 Cars, Report fl.nlfi'rf I'rrns Lpnttil Wire) .MAf'UAMKNTO, Hopt. 12.--Call- fornla'M plum HlilpnicnlB for the won- HOII now noarlng its cloao will total approximately 4000 carloads, according to a report of tbo California Tree Fruit Agreement. Tloporln from growers Indicate crop ontlnwloN made prior to tho xhlpplng ticnson were remarkably cloMo lo prodlctlonn. Officials of tbo agreement also revealed HhlpmcritH of earlier varlotloi worn reported as follows: Beauty, H8lt earn; .Santa Rosa. 707 cars; Formosa, SO cars; Climax, 1!I.earn. \ While complete figures wore not available, sblpment« of plums by | produeliiB areas were csllmiited a» !iO per cent from Placer county, 10 por coin from Knlnno county and "~> per cent from FrcBtio. Madura, Tu- luro and KlngB cuuntloH. be served | \2 o'clock. i Plans for this and various other i activities for the fall wore made at 1 tbo regular meeting held Wednesday I afternoon at tho country homo of Mrs. Joe Allrlnger, with Mrs. A. 11. I Uockes. president, In tho chair. Mrs. Beckea appointed tho following committee to take charge of a rumningo snlo to bo bold on Batur-' : day, September 20: McsdaniPH Edi win Uootb. chairman. E. H. Klmes. ! C. A. Bewick, Frank Unruh, M. M. i Urlden und A. C. Macklln. Other Hoclnl affairs were planned for the fall months and a bazaar nt ; which Christmas articles will bo sold will bo held at tho church In December. At the close of the mooting tho hoBtosson, MoHdamos T. U. '81111111 and 11. U. Whitney, served refreshments to: MosdamcH 8. C. Selweffer, A. T. Klines. A. li. Meckes. J. N. Olllltand, Hen Starr. .Toe Altrlngor, f. A. Bewick, Jacob Krause, 1C. H. lOlmoH, A. H. Beckon. A. C. Macklln. It. H. Crandnll. Edwin Uootb'nnd Miss Myrtle Booth, The Reverend C'arslyle Schaeffer WIIB a guest of tho afternoon nnd responded to tbo Invitation from tbo president to lead the devotional hour. 4 . » of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace and tho Pacific Prune Products Association. ' The diversion program will Involve "not in excess of COOO tons" of substandard prunes and will be similar to tho plan In operation during last year for substandard prunes of the 1934 and 1935 crops. The secretary of agriculture will authorize tho prune association to buy at specified substandard prunes from growers or packers In California, Washington, Oregon and Idaho. These prunes will bo sold by the association for conversion into by-products such as prune Juice, puree, prune concentrate, dried prune products, pitted prunes, prune brandy or other approved by-products. Tho association will be reimbursed tho difference by which the purchase price exceeds the sales price plus operating expense. County Roof Signs Will Guide Pilots TAFT. Sept. 11.—Gerald and Vernon Williams, West Side sign painters, began work this week on tho Kern County Airport project out of Bakersfleld. Under tho project, airplane markers will bo painted on tbo roofs of buildings In each town of Kern county. The Taft brothers started tho first job of. tho project on tho roof of a large warehouse In Fnmoso, several miles north of Bakersfleld. The name of each town, with ntrge ar-rows pointing north, will bo painted In orange and black. Tho letters used will be 20 feet high In eomo cases. men want it. Moving swiftly to put into opera 1 - tioti tho uew program, which is effective for the remaining four months of this year, officials said they expected It to be the foundation for a larger program If It met with favor. California Included Tho new program, announced by Secretary Wallace yesterday, will permit stockmen In 13 western states —Arizona, California, Colorado,.Idaho Kansas, Montana. Nevada, Now Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyoming—to receive benefit payments for certain range-building practices. Payments will bo made from the $470,000,000 available for distribution this year under the soil conservation act. Inclusion Voluntary The agriculture department announced tho range program would apply to privately owned or controlled land and would bo available to any stockman. It Is to be operated on a voluntary basis. George E. Farrell, assistant AAA administrator and director of the western division embracing the 13 states, said payments would be made for such practices as "contouring, development of springs and seeps, building earthen pits for reservoirs for holding rainfall, drilling or digging wells, water spreading to prevent soil washing, rescedlng depleted range land with crested wheat gross, rodent control, establishment of fire guards and destroying sagebrush. Chemist Says Too Much Water Is Sometimes « Harmful By FRANK IIORNKOHL. T HE raw materials from which the food and tissue-building compounds of plants are syntbetlzed Include carbon dioxide, oxygen, water, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur, potassium, calcium, magnesium and Iron. The two gases first tnen- tloned are derived directly from the air, through the respiratory organs of the plant. Water is taken Into the plant 'chiefly from the soil, through Its fibrous roots. , All the other elements In, tho list., are taken from tho soil', nitrogen be- ; Ing derived from decaying matter . (the original source of nitrogen Is, however, the atmosphere from which the Initial supply of nitrogen ia obtained by direct assimilation by certain bacteria and perhaps other low forms of plant IKe) and tho remain* • Ins ones from the mineral compounds of tho soil. Carbon dioxide and "oxygen, being derived from the air, are always available to the leaves and steins of growing plants In unlimited supply, but the supply available to a seed when germinating In the soil, especially' In soils of a very compact texture, or "water- , logged" soils. In such cases, the deficiency of these gaseous food elements may become a limiting factor in plant growth. Water is often a limiting factor in plant growth. Experiments which have been repeated many • times and under widely varying conditions show that when water Is supplied to a plant in varying amounts, by increasing tho percentage of water in the soil In which » the plant Is growing by regular increments up to the saturation point, the growth of the plant, or yield of the crop, Increases up to a certain point and then falle ,off because of * the excess of water reduces the supply of air which Is available to the plant roots. Henco, abundance ot water is, in general, a most essential factor in plant growth. Plant Foods Set Limits iMcFarland Class Re-elects Leader I Rooster Lays Six Eggs Which Hatch Six Downy Chicks Pasture Grasses Proved Cheapest (United I'rfiit Lcaiod Wtrn) SACRAMENTO, Sept. 12.— Pasture grasses furnish the cheapest source of feed for dairy cattle, a report of tho U. S. Department of agriculture on file here states. In a survey of feed crops, conducted throughout 1tf states, grasses were shown to cost the farmer only 64 cents for each 100 pounds of digestible nutrients. Comparatively, alfalfa cost 83 cents, clover hay, 97 cents, and corn sllate, $1.54. The highest priced feed was reported to be oats, 'with a cost of $2.03 'per 100 pounds of digestible nutrients. , McFAlU.ATs'O, Sept. 12.—The Am- j i bnssador'H Sunday school class bold i STRAY 1IORSUS ATTACK AUTOS l-'ONli HI! l.Al'. WlH., i-iopt. 12. fli. I'.)—Throe stray horses apparently sought to dispute automobile usurpation ~DT the equine right, to tbo highway hero recently when In a few mlniiloN they caused danmgo of four tmu'hlnos and Injury of u pannengcr. Ono uf tho animals, i .1. 1. Coffmnn, MO.SM-H. and MOB- knocked down by a car, donted tho,dumc* Knymond Aiyiiontrout, J. C. dido of a passing nuichtno with bin ; Moomuw. A. H. (irobor, 13d Steward kicks, mid 1). \Vhifdor. Its regular meeting Friday night at I ho country homo of Mr. mid Mrs. I".. W. Hoot. Kd Stewart Was reelected president. Other members rc-clectpd wore Mrs. Hoot Chorister und Mrs. 10d HaUor, secretary. Attending were: Uevorcnd and Mrs. 1}LACK BURG, • Va.,' Sept. 12.— .Six little chicks have hatched from CKBS produced by H. E. Harrison's rooster, which quit bossing it.s new Kent county barnyard and (started laying eggs. State I'oiiltryniun Harry Moore, of Virginia Tech, supervised tho setting of the cggB under a hen. Tho chicks, he Haiti, nro smaller than normal and white with yellow Mtrcuks. SENATOR FOLLOWS CUSTOM SACRAMENTO, Sept. 12. (A. P.) — United States Senator Hiram W. Johnson, who celebrated his seventieth birthday In Washington on Wednesday, September 2, followed a custom of long standing by telegraphing birthday greetings to Mrs. M. li. White his former grammar school (wiener. Mrs. White, SO years old, Is a longtime resilient of Sacramento, and her natal tiny Is tho samo as that of her fqrmer pupil. GASOLINE ALLEY Fall Planting By KING VOO DOWT MEAN TO T6LL ME THAT'S JUDV Under normal conditions of air and moisture supply, however, tho plant food elements which may be considered to be tho limiting factors In the nutrition and growth of plants are the chemical elements mentioned above. The plant food materials which are taken from the soil by a grrowhiFT plant must enter it by osmosln through tho semi-permeable membranes which constitute the epidermis of the root-hairs, and circulate through the plants, cither carried in solution _in the sap or by osmoslH from cell' to cell. Hence, they must be In water-soluble form before they can be utilized by plants. Obviously, therefore, only those compounds of these elements In tho soil which aro soluble In the soil water. arc available as plant food. The greater proportion of tho soil elements aro present In tho form of compounds which are so slightly soluble in water as to bo unavailable to plants. The processes by which these practically Insoluble compounds be-, come gradually changed into soluble forms are chiefly the "weathering" tictlon of air and water (particularly if the latter contains carbonic acid) and the action of the organic acids resulting from decaying animal or vegetable matter or secreted by living plants. Value of Soli Elements Analysis of the tissues of planta show that they contain all of tho elements that are to be found In tho soil on which they grow. Any of these elements which" aro present in tho soil In soluble forms are carried into the plants with tho water In which they are dissolved, whether they aro needed by the plant for its nutrition t>r not. But in the case of those elements which aro not taken out of the sap to ba used by tho plant cells in their activities, tho total amount taken from the soil is much less than is that of tho elements which are used in tho synthetic process- of tho plant. Hence,, much larger proportions of some elements than of others are taken from the soil by plants. Tho proportions of the different elements which are used by planta as raw materials for tho manufacture. of the products needed for their growth varies with the 1 different species; but a certain amount of each of tho so-called "essential elements" is necessary to every plant, because each such element has a definite role which It performs in the Dl growth. m™ 0 ",', Xoto: Mr - "ornkohl will continue his discussion of plant requirements next week. i i « Hope for Recovery of Injured Youth Sept... «.— Arthur V. Childs, young Ducor lad who fell from a load of hay onto a pitchfork on Wednesday afternoon, underwent a major operation lato Thurt- day night at the local hospital, and while ho la very seriously hurt, hto condition to good, and .hopes are helfl for his recovery. The accident occurred at tho Felix RlecH ranch between Rlchgrove and Ducor. CHINESE HERBS Relieve* ohronlo allmtnti of •II kind*. M«lt «nd f*m*l* U-oubUw. $1,09 PER BOX PEKIN HERB CO. • 10 YMrt In BtkinfUld Twentieth. Street,. Uptuir* .

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