The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 29, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Friday, September 29, 1944
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-- r K" ;,* '^' ">: '« H •. • % THE WEATHER Temperature HfRh yenterdt*y ................................ 94 Low today .......................... „ ........... ,09 Rainfall Seanon /Airport) ............................. T Year HBO (Airport) .......................... T Season (Land Company) ............... T Year ago (Land Company) ............ T temporntiirp today and and lonlRhl; rool with considerable high clouds tomorrow. Xcw Ration Point Changes! See Pasre 9 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS Germans Resist Desperately From Behind Ruined Latvian Capital Buildings; Othe Russian Forces Battle Down Carpathians •' •'••'• ^ rt :-:•.• ?••.-• • : .-X -•-::::-.<-' ;•:•:•* MvX-v .-; :*::M . v, v-.' - v. ,<.-.-.v.-,v,,v. /.-XvM-lJM . vv •.• .. .•_• -'•,•' - r v- 1 ,'. '.-. . j .'7a .•:<-•: •>-"';+'••* •' -- '•••;•:.'•>•$ • • • - «.». •^^•^•^^^^^m^^ •- • - •-'- - - •.,•,.-,'-. v, -. .• •• - - •'-•'ft? 1 -v. . • .-• ,' j L L j . . • • * Q ' r . . . • ' j . - .'• v.Vi'.',-•--..'.,. , - '• • . ,vXy -. .* • L .-.• - --. .•.'.'.;•,' ..•--.. •.'.-. *• • •-. m --. f .-.\\'.- .- V _•'.' •. •V* • * • ri b j n * fr ft n • V v v I r LONDON, Sept. 20. (.#>—More than 30.000 Germans were killed in 10 days ending September 2G by tlie Leningrad army group of Marshal Leonid A. Govorov pressing against. Riga after virtually capturing all Estonia, the Moscow radio announced tonight. Another IT.,745 were captured, raising total permanent casualties in that sector alone to 45,745—the equivalent of four and a half German divisions as presently constituted. MOSCOW, Sept. 29. <U.E>—Red army troops stormed into the northeastern suburbs of Riga today and launched a frontal assault on a cornered and desperately resisting German garrison dug in behind the ruined buildings and harbor '#$$$&$. $&::$&& E- L ' y • «¥:•>* . r . •.•a ..:='•' >;*: HE •-*- :* * *& V*' Ml &;:;:;:;:;#;:#&;&£:;:;:• :•!•: works of the Latvian capital. More than 500 miles to ^^•••a ii i. ,.~m,,, , . , . . . TRAIN COLLISION OWA KILLS MORE THAN 80 INJURED, MANY SERIOUSLY MISSOURI VALLEY, Iowa, Sept. 29. <U.R>—Casualties reached totals diets inpured when two Chicago & when the army released, Jiata of soldiers injured when two Chicago and Northwestern Railroad trains collided last night on the outskirts of this western Iowa town. A freight train, highballing to Chicago with a load of perishable foods, smashed into an Omaha-bound passenger train which was pulling off into a siding to allow the freight to pass. Debris Cleared Debris was cleared from the track-' ways shortly before noon today and traffic resumed. Trainmaster B. R. Meyers, Council Bluffs, Iowa, said cause of the wreck had not been determined. Hospitals were jammed with the Injured, some of whom were not expected to live. Three of the dead were soldiers and their bodies were removed to Fort Crook, Neb. Miss Florence Kpudson, Los Angeles, going home from Sioux Falls, S. D. f with her sister, Helen, suffered slight injuries and described the crash. "I certainly was surprised when the crash occurred," Miss Knudson said. "So was everyone else on our car, but no one seemed excited. Everybody was calm. There was no confusion, and everybody co-operated. The soldiers in our car just took charge of the situation. There was no panic." DANDELION TIRES AKRON, Ohio, Sept. 2. <iP)~The Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company announced today it was producing tires from the Russian dandelion, Kok-Saghyz, and said they appeared to equal tree rubber tires in quality although only small quantities are available. Index to Advertisers Abrams, Dr. R. F Arvin Theater Associated Sport Cast Beardsley Dance Booth's Page Citizens Laundry Clerou Tire Co.... Coffee, Harry College Shop Culliton, John 12 II c •t *•• U 3, 11 11 i - • i ' • -B- 5 2 W 11 Pr. Dayman's Animal Hospital 4 Eastern 6 <) ...11 .4, 5 • ** •••••*••• El Patio Pavilion Plickinger-Dierler Fox Theaters 11 Frank Meat Company 3 Goodrich Silvertown Stores 10 Granada Theater 11 Hall, Ruby 4 Hay ward Lumber Co Ivers Furniture Judds .... KERN .. Knight, Judge Goodwin KPMC ; La Granada Ballroom.... Martin, Freddy National Dollar Store New Lincoln Market Nile Theater : 11 Phillips Music Co 8, 10 F? i nit ft r FViAfl*tf*p 11 1 ttdl t \f L H%JM ^*d «»*»•**•*•*-•*••- .*»*••*•*••#**. X * River Theater 11 Safeway 12 San Joaquln Grain Co 5 Sears Roebuck 6, 7 Sherry Liquor Stores 10 Sierra Book Store „]» The Stamp Club 5 The Barn 11 Union Avenue Dance „., 11 Union Cemetery 9.15 Virginia Theater * 11 'Vote No on No. 12 12 „. . g R .12 .11 .11 .11 . 2 . 5 Hie southwest, other Russian forces broke across the Polish border into Slovakia and battled down the snow-swept Carpathian passes in a drive to break the German hold on that puppet state and open second invasion rond into Hungary. Axis broadcasts said Russian and Rumanian soldiers already bad invaded Hungary from the south, but there still was no confirmation of the enemy reports, although radio Moscow warned the Hungarian people to overthrow their pro-Nazi leaders and quit the war. Yugoslavia Drive Unconfirmed Neither was there any confirmation of enemy statements that Red army units crossed the Danube Iron gate into Yugoslavia, apart from an official Russian announcement that Marshal Josip Tito had granted permission for Soviet troops to enter Yugoslavia to falicitate the campaign against Hungary, Field dispatches reaching Moscow this morning said Cossack cavalrymen and motorized infantry detachments broke into the Forest Massif, fringing the northeastern section of Riga. The Russian flying columns had jabbed into the rear and flanks of the German fortifications, while the main Soviet forces opened a great frontal assault on the city along a semi-circular hattlefront extending from the Gulf of Riga around to the southwestern approaches to the capital. German resistance was reported stiffening as the battle thundered into sight of the seaport capital, the last major citadel held by Nazis in the Baltic states. Throwing in the last of their oare- Continued on Pa.se Two L" i. ' 'Ke. »• *» * REPORTS ON SUCCESS—Herbert Brownell, national G. O. P. campaign chairman, gave encouraging 1 reports of results . of Governor Thomas E. Dewey's seven major campaign speeches, stating that "thousands of independent and Democratic votes" went into the the Dewey-Bricker column. DEWEY MAPS 2N CAMPAIGN ROUND BROWNELL SAYS MANY VOTES GAINED BY TOUR Roosevelt Denounces Argentine Policies WASHINGTON, Sept. 29. President Roosevelt today denounced the Argentine government for what he termed the growth of Nazi-Fascist influences developing in that country at the very trine when Naxi forces are facing defeat in Germa n y. Mr. Roosevelt said Argentina has repudiated a solid inter-American system for defense against Nazi aggression and stated, in the words of Prime Minister Churchill of Great Britain that ever/ nation will be, judged by the parts they play in the war, neutrals and belligerents alike. He said has statement today is important now because of deceptions on the part of Nazi radio broadcasts beamed to Argentina which say the Allied councils are divided in their attitude toward Argentina. Mr. Roosevelt described the broadcasts as fabrications. ALBANY, N. Y., Sept. 29. Governor Thomas 12, Dewey, -Republican presidential candidate, mapped plans today for the second round in his battle to oust the New Deal from Washington. Dewey, who returned to Albany yesterday after a 22-state swing through the west and Pacific coast states, received encouraging reports from Herbert Brownell, Jr., national G. O. P. campaign chairman. Reaction to Dewey's seven major speeches indicated "that people liked the serious constructive way in which you presented the issues," Brownell told the presidential candidate. "It's no cloilbt that he brought hundreds of thousands of independent and Democratic votes mto the Dewey-Bricker column," Brownell told n-wspapermen at a conference following an afternoon of discussions with Dewey. "From the political standpoint, we picked up 10 electoral votes," Brownell said regarding Dewey's Oklahoma City address. Missouri "was lost to the New Dealers" when Senator Harry Truman became nominee for vice-president, he added, and "today we have a substantial margin in that state." "I've never ^een such spontaneous enthusiasm to a speech as came to our headquarters from all parts of the country as when Governor Dewey issued that call for a return of integrity to the national administration," he said. Downey Proposes Share-Japs Program "WASHINGTON, Sept. 29. <#>— Senator Downey (D-Calif.), proposing a national postwar "share the Japs" program today, suggested the expulsion of disloyal Japanese and a voluntary distribution of the remainder among the states. Some 125,000 Japanese—most of them American citizens—were concentrated on the west coast before the war, the senator said. Most of them now are in government relocation centers. Soviet Part of Peace Talks Ends Without Agreement WASHINGTON, Sept. 29. Secretary of State Hull opened the Chinese phase of the Dumbarton Oaks security conversations today with a tribute to the "great wisdom and experience In international affairs" which he said the Chinese delegation brought to the meeting. The Russian phase of the conference, begun August 21, ended thin morning with a joint statement by chiefs of the United States, British and Soviet delegations that the discussions' hud proved useful and led to "a large measure of agreement" on plans for a world organization to keep peace. Welcoming the Chinese to Dumbarton Oaks, Hull said "all of us are constantly mindful of the tremendous hardships and sacrifices which the Chinese people .have suffered over the long years since the cruel and barbarous enemy first launched upon its course of conquest." A joint statement Issued today by Undersecretary of State Stettinius, chairman of the conference, by Sir Alexander Cadogan, the British chairman, and by Soviet Ambassador Andrei A. Gromyko. said: "Conversations between the United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union delegations in Washington regarding the establishment of a world security organization have now been completed. Frame Work Formed • "These conversations have been useful and have led to a large measure of agreement on recommendations for the general framework of the organization, and in particular for the machinery required to maintain peace and oe* curity. "The three delegations are making reports .to their respective governments who will consider these reports and will in due course issue a simultaneous statement en the subject." i > It appears possible that further big power talks among top-ranking officials, will precede a full-scale united nations meeting to organize the world. BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1944 16 PAGES No. 52 North IU 36 Enemy Planes Downed as Airmen Hit Philippines U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HKAP- QUAIITERS. PKARL HARBOR, Sept. 29. <£>>—Admiral Chester "W. Ximits! reported today that American Marines have landed on two additional islands of the Palau group, already have secured one with a 4800-foot fighter plane strip and are mopping up on the other. The islands are Ngesebus and „ Hongaur, .north of Peleliu, where the Yanks have already pocKeted survivors of the Japanese garrison. Light enemy opposition was speedily overcome, the navy said. Ngesebu? is completely in American hands. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Pacific Fleet commander- in-chief reported. On Kongauru, the navy com- munique said American troops are mopping up scattered enemy forces. On Peleliu, the Eighty-first Division is continuing: its drive to force the enemy troops from their remaining positions, including strong points in caves and pillboxes. By I'nited Press At Icasl &1 more Japanese ships have been sunk or damaged in the southern and central Philippines by the United States Pacific Third Fleet's carrier planes and Far Eastern Air Force bombers, it was disclosed today. The heaviest blow in the renewed attacks on Japan's dwindling shipping resources iri tho Philippines was delivered last Rnt- urdny by Admiral William F. Hnl- sey's carrier planes. They swept over 87,000 square miles of the central islands to sink or damage 05 vessels and destroy 3(> enemy pin lies. General Douglas Mac Arthur's southwest Pacific bombers followed up the carrier attack by hitting 1 the southern Philippines, Tuesday night, when they sank a 10,000-ton transport and damaged a 6000-ton freighter. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz announced at Pearl Harbor that the carrier force, striking after the heavy attack on the Manila area last week, also t*«nk or damaged between 20 and 30 small craft, to raise to 514 the number of enemy ships blasted by Halsey's force since they began operations in the western Pacific August 30. Ten planes, five pilots and three air crewmen were lost in the new carrier raid, which was centered on r the islands of Cebu, Leytu. Negros, Luzon and Mactan, In the central Continued on Pa UP Two Hit HUNGARY \. Zagreb Nor, Sod Trieste lelgred ALBANI UGOS UGOS UVIA Skoplje German Defenses Crack Under Twin Pushes; British Widen Salient in Rhine Corridor, Strengthen Lines for Push Into Reichland IvOXDOX. Wept. 'JO. (UP)—A front dispatch said a. 24-hour truce In the buttle of Calais for the evacuation (if civilians, as requested by the (.lOimau commander, began at 2 p. m. today. GREECE MYSTERY CAMPAIGN—The Allied land forces of the Adriatic uro waging a mystery campaign designed to break the wcakoned Naxi grip on Albania artd Yugoslavia, striking: across the Adriatic Into Albania and islands off Yugoslavia. Unconfirmed reports told of now landings in Albania and Greece, and said the locality of Herat! is in Allied hands. MYSTERY COMMANDO ARMY WAGES WAR ON GERMANS IN ALBANI CORRESPONDENT LANDS WITH BRITISH ON ISLAND OFF YUGOSLAVIA, REVEALS OPERATIONS METHODS ROMK. Sept. the Adriatic" is 21). liy CLINTON B, CONCiKK I 'IP t rd I're.HS Sin If o.i i t jt -find rn I A mystery army culled tho "Allied land forces of a mystery campaign which may go far toward breaking tho already weakened Nazi grip on Albania and Yugoslavia. The strength, composition and designs of the army are secrets the Ger- j Herniany across the border from the mans would like to know. Tho Allies are leaving to the enemy the S. F. FAKE BOOST SAX KHANC'ISCO, Sept. *>\ San Francisco's famous T.-cent street I tne Americans* scored gains, Frank- car faro became history this morn- ; ish reported. Ho said Aachen still ing as the municipal railway took was defended by SS elite guardsmen over operation of all street curs pur- vowing in fight to the drain. chased from th»> privately owned L*"ite ( | States artillery pinned down Market Street Hallway ami boosted! 4 - vehicles carrying about l»oo Ger- Lhe fare to 7 cents. By VIRGIL PINKLEV United Hreae War Correspondent SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, Sept. 29. «IE)—American First Army troops smashed forward through the Echterbosch forest in a new attack above Aachen today as battles of increasing intensity dared all along the 300-mile front between Holland and France. Olhrr Allied forces stormed into the Belfort gap leading to southwest Germany, knocked out 82 German tanks in a Moselle valley armored battle, and silenced the Nazi trans-channel guns on the (.'up fir is yez coast of Knmce. The Gorman garrison of Calais sought, and was grunted a 2-l-Uonr truce in tho sii'jjo of tho channel port by tho Canadian First Army in order to evncnato K..OOO to liO.OUO civilians from the battle-torn city. A front dispatch said Canadian find German generals met at 1<» a. m. and agreed on tho IM-hovir trure beginning at '2 p. in. Supreme headquarters reported that a 10-hour armistice—apparently onrlier than that reported from the front—had expired and thfc Canadians rosurnod the assault on the die-hard Herman garrison. I'nitefl Press War for respondent .!acU Knmklsh in a dispatch from Lieutenant-General Courtney Hodges' First Army headquarters reported the new attack in Kchterhuwrh forest, the westernmost bulge, of NAZIS - PLANNING NEXT WAR: EDEN MAIN BATTLE NOT WON, FOREIGN SECRETARY SAYS LA \V\KKK\ LEAVES TONIGHT SACRAMENTO. Sept. 2i», Governor Warren will leave tonight by train for Minneapolis, Minn., where he will speak Monday night in behalf of .the Dewey- Bricker national ticket. Before he returns to California u week from tomorrow, he also will speak under the auspices of the Republican national commitee at Rockford, 111., and Columbus, Ohio. RACING PERMIT GRANTED LOS ANGELES, Sept, U9, <UE) The California horse racing board today granted the Hollywood Turi! Club a licenHe for a 34-day horse racing meeting from November 1 to December 16, provided no opposition IB expressed by the war department. CLAIM SUB IMPROVEMENT NEW YORK, Sept. 29. Iff)—A Berlin broadcast today said a new U-boat technical development was an "air mast" which would allow submarines to remain under the surface 20 to 30 days or longer. The mast permita the submarine to receive fresh air while submerged, Berlin eaid. task of tiiuliiitf out thoso thinus, and consequently aro saying nothing of the invasion across the Adriatic by .sea and air, announced two days ago. (The British radio quoted Ankara and Sofia advicoy are reporting new Allied landings in Albania and Greece. It said tho locality uf Berati, south of Tirana, the Albanian capital, is in Allied hands, and parachutists dropped at various places in Greece.) A fortnight aso 1 landed with British commandos—a unit of the A. L. F. A.—occupying: an island, Now I am permitted to report in general terms something of what opeialions in Albania and Yugoslavia arc like. A. L. F. A. is tho title of the command which, with th«» Balkan Air Force, directs Italy-based operations against tho N:ms in Yugoslavia,. Albania and Greece. It di.es not indicate any established , body of troops but may comprise anything from a handful of British Coir.mandoti or line ivgiments trained in amphibious operations—now reinforced by British airborne units—to divisions .corps or even an army, if higher headquarters should so direct. Also operating under A. L. F. A. is the hush-hush American-British special Balkan service. Originally it t.id the secret agent type "f work in the Balkans. Now it has grown into a fighting arm as woli. which accompanies the commandos or paratroopers. The 'special service" units are ready to scoilt or Interpret or oven I > admin 1ster temporarily the occupied territory. ^hese cloak-and-dagger specialists accompanied us in the* landing cm the Island which J am not permitted to identify. They sent in an advance party by kayak, then ranged Into the hills to establish contact with the Partisans. Mostly they are men of dual nationality, with extensive, special traiping so they are ready to accompany any tvpe of military force— BritiKh, American o; 1 Partisan, commando, airborne* or infantry. "NECKTIE MURDER" StUJUK BREMERTON, Wash., Sept. 2H. (UPJ — Jnvestlgation of the supposed "necktie murder" of 60-year-oid William Ingram was dropped today after an autopsy showed the retired Puget Sound navy yard worker had committed BUicide Dutch appendix. s Scored In the first phase of the attack aimed westward toward Lovonich, Continued nn 1'nwf Tur State Department Gets Job of Making Reich Harmless WASHINGTON, Sept. dent Roosevelt today t in American plans for render! UK Germany harmless after the war, and specifically put the job under state department guidance. The order was issued in a letter to Leo T. Crow ley. chief of the Foreign Kconomie Administration, and while it covered non-Cicrman subjects in ; its uight points, it apparently is the ( outgrow tli of I lie sharp division in the President's postwar cabinet committee over a German peace plan submitted by Secretary Morgenthnu. This division reflected a fundamental policy disagreement between Secretaries Stimson and Hull on the one hand and Morgenthau, who proposed the virtual de-indnst.riali/atidn of Germany to prevent its making future wars. Allied Controls Hull and ;he Plate department, which had exercised unquestioned direction of long-range German planning until Morgenthau won attention for hl.s plan, have tentatively counted on if'ytorution of Germany's industrial economy under ruthless Allied controls. Under the President's order today this policy now apparently is to prevail. Point seven of the President's letter to Crow ley said: "You have been making studies from the economic standpoint of what should re done after the'sur- render of Germany to cafitrul its power and capacity to make war in the future. Asks Acceleration "This work must be accelerated, and under the guidance of the department of state, you should fur- By Associated — Presi- ' ni-sh asHistunoe and work when ordered a 1 M nested to do so in personnel LONDON. Sept. l!9. (UP)—Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told Commons today that the Allies have Information that the German general stuff, "recognizing the inevitability nf defeat, already is thinking in terms of the next war." Krten warned, however, that It would be (in error if "we read into the markp'i improvement of our fortunes a signal that the main battle is won." lie spoke during the war debate which was ripened yesterday by Primp Minister Winston Churchill. who said none could guarantee that the Kumpoan war would not continue well into 1945. Eden said reports hud been received that Nazi Gestapo Chief Heinrich Mimmler already is making preparations for continued resistance during the occupation of Germany by "fanatical young: Nazis who are imw being trained." Ho sail! the hardest problem would nut bo tho military occupation of (It'rmany, hut the civil administration "which must be done by the Germans." "What we mean by unconditional surrender is that we are not pre- parod to mako a negotiated peace with Germany, and the reasons are based on the experience of history and on the interpretation which Germany placed on the 14 points after the last war." ho said. re- by making available specialists to work with the military authorities, the foreign service, and such other American agi-ncies and officials as participate with the I'nited Nations in seeing to it thai Germany does not become a menace again to succeeding generations." Other than on this point. Mr. I Rousevelt's order to Crow ley covered u hat FKA should do in readjusting its Ion y-stand ing operations to the defeat of Germany More Leixl-Kease "Lend-lease should continue to be furnished in whatever amounts are necessary for the must effective prosecution of the war." he said, making* clear that this meant the flow of iend-loaso. aid saoultl be continued as needed to defeat Japan us well as German\ . The policy statement included a direction for international trade after Germany collapses "on as full and free a basis as possible . . . not only as a sound economic loundation for the future peace, but ... in order that we may have fuller production and employment at home. The President said reports of a cabinet split over a plan by Treasury Secretary Morgenthau to de-in- duHtralUe Germany at the war's end were newspaper stories and described them as essentially untrue in basic facts but he did not go into detail. ,, But Mr. Roosevelt said he expected no further meetings of the cabinet committee—Secretary of War Stlmson. Secretary of SU te Hull and Morgenthau—which has been working on a German plan. K. l 1 BASEBAL NATIONAL LEAGL'B At Boston— R. H. Ml*. AfiO . ......................... li BOSTON ................ ........ 5 11 Batteries: < ::is*oway, Fleming M) ;md Williams; Andrews and HofiVrlh. At N*>w York— R. H. E tj r P I f \ f " f O *' C 1 O I 1 *\^ ' \ I » ^ ..... ...... »....*.,...* •* 'f J- NK\V YORK ................... 3 11 0 Batteries: Wilks tt.nd AV. Cooper; Mt'Ui-n. FVldimm (S), Fischer (19) and Bo r res.. M'ancuso (S), FUipo* wicz (I'O. At Brooklyn— R. VI. E, CMNVINNAT1 .................. 10 11* 1 BUorKLYN ..................... 2 11 4 Bat tones: Carter and Mueller; Melton. Webber U), Sunkei (8) and E. 0 0 (8) i AMERICAN LEAGIE (First Game) Detroit— R. H. WASHINGTON ^ 10 JJKTROIT 5 7 Batteries: Nitfgeling, Curtis and Ferrell; Gentry, Corsica and Richards. (First Game) At Cleveland— R. PHILADELPHIA 4 CLEVELAND 3 Batteries: Black* Berry (8) and Hayes, ( Pruitt (2). Bonnes*, CaJvert (6). Poat (8) and BUHftkow«Ui» Schlueter (8), At St. Louis/— R. H. £} NEW YORK ... 1 « 1 ST. LOUIS ;i 9 * Batteries: Bon ham an4 Gart>arlt; Kramer and HayworUi, H. 6 a o o

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