The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 28, 1944 · Page 18
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 18

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Thursday, September 28, 1944
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Thursday, September 28, 1944 Cbitortal $age of tCjje JBakenrttelb Calrtorman ALFRED HARRELL tDITOI JND PUBLIHBE1 fblkrf$ftelft jJIttltfOfOtctd nl>cnd ;lll<l olir legislators will do well to Entered In po»t office at Bakersfleld, California, as second class I favor U nrofiruill which lias bcCll CaiTIPfl nllt r m«11 nnAmf t hm ft 1*4 f*f r*An»..«.. »• -t. n 1 c - 1, \ I O " »-.~.v-«» *~Mi***.vl l/UL mail under the act of Congress March 3, 1ST!(. lion of ell news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In thii paper, and also the local news publlshcri therein Th« B»ker»£leld Cnlifornlan la nlso a client of tlie United Tress and receive! Its complete wire oervlre. to the advantage of the farmers and to the building of the nation's food supply. JEWISH BRIGADE REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. New York, Chicago, San Francisco. LOB Anseics. Seattle, Portland. Denier WASHINGTON. D c.. The Ha&kin Service. Wnshlnrti-n. D C. By carrier or mail (In advance) in postal zone* one. two, three. per month, £5c: six months. $5,10: onp year, $1) 00. By mail in portal zone* four to oicht. per month. J1.0S. CAMPAIGN SPEECHES public is entitled to and will appre- T in; British War Office has announced the formation of a Jewish brigade lo serve wilh the British Army. The Jewish battalions were recruited in the Palestine, and, according to the Jewish agency sponsoring the recruiting campaign, the founding of the brigade "is an acknowledgment of services rendered and a desire for national recognition." The creation of this brigade to serve wilh TLe W, 1 od EDITOR'S NOTE—Until »uch time a* Ernie Pyle'i column Is resumed followlni ni» vacation. thi» epace will be uued tor war fea-ture •toriei. ' By HIGH B A ILL IK President of the United Press Copyrlcht. 1944, by United Pre»a WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY INSIDE GERMANY, Sept. 27—Nobody coming fresh from the United States with a preconceived idea that the Germans are on the verge of quitting would get much support for this notion If he visited the front lines as I have. Mayl.o they are figuring on surrendering, but you wouldn't think .so if you got up hero. in the front '. with German strong • * il \ ii* • • i •••.'.•-.V. tn^if. \*iiii v,f i-jrj;iri strong 1 dale a fair discussion of the issues of the ' tho Alllcs ls ;i fonceplion which is being i i"'" 1 '" on both flanks, i looked campaign for the Presidency. Then- will he ^cculcd as originally planned by having the j i,^'"^ T^eir^T,™ steles agreement that insufficient information has ^^..^J!!^ 1 .''.^*'!?! 1 . in .. il!l P"™ 1 ""* .. ^"^^^^^l been passed on to the people in connection j wilh some policies and principles that have j 11 found favor with the authorities and it is Actually at this time there are more than Jews serving with the Allies, but scattered throughout all the services enlightenment to Ihose whose verdict wi determine the occupancy of the While House for the next four vcars. Probablv the and have no entity as a group. discussion whic'h will bring O f the half million Jews in the Palestine, without any conscription, ,'{5,000 volunteered for service wilh the British. „.,... ... ., , ,. , Tlu> suggestion of Lord Straholgi, presi- President, himself, is responsible lor the ; (lonf of ,, K , B| . i(ish Committee for the lew- developed situation of the past few days. ish Annv „,,„ l|l( . Icwjsh brigac|e , )C use( , Governor Dewey's speeches prior to the one hl ,, lt . AI | ie( , Armv f)f Occupation in Gcr- m Oklahoma had to do with government as mailVi is an j n , (1| . cs i inM onc a|]( , onc tha( wi ,, it affects the war and the period following fllu , favor wi|h many pcrsons who |)ave lonft the close of hostilities. The President, in I sincc become tired'of the stupid mvth of his speech of Saturday last, chose to make Aryan supremacy advanced hv the biolog- it appear that the opposition was endeavor- ------- ing to discredit him rather than his administrative effort. Mis utterances were more personal than defensive and it is not surprising that Governor Dcwey should again emphasize what has to do with administra- In (he middle distance however, the peaceful-appearing green countryside was studded with enemy pill- IIOXPS and artillery positions ' from which occasional shell slammed Into the American front. The Americans were firing even moro frequently. The sinister whis- poring of our own stuff going overhead would be followed by great yellowish black bursts upon the Gorman positions. Tho Germans appeared to have a big gun on an elevator which from time lo time rose over a hill ridgo, fired, and disappeared. Xonr 0110 half-shattered farmhouse in plain view half a dozen Germans j si rolled In open view, evidently fig- small groups, as it wa 1 us to ically illiterate crowd of Hitler and his clique. A Jewish army of occupation in Germany i ln thi * would be a powerful object lesson for the ! .spers." erstwhile blond "supermen," who have ' cnimo ' lin & s at •onspicuon.s .situation was by an officer warning down: don't allow a silhouette against tho sky. It's not only your own nock, but we don't j want to tempt them to send a salvo wore intor- marhinegun ,jht and left ,, .. .. . ... i elbows, indicating the location of . me censure ot the civih/.ed portions strong points. tive pronouncements and activities. The of the world during the last decade for their people of America are anxious to have all the information available in order that they may determine how they shall cast their votes in November. But they will not be in approval of campaigns that are too personal. Nor arc they in approval of the placing of too much power in the hands of subordinates at Washington. That thought is emphasized by the fact that when there was need for a Cabinet member to confer at Quebec with the President and the Prime Minister, it was not Secretary of State Hull, in whom the people have great confidence, but Mr. Morgenthau who was called to Can- terrible treatment of the Jewish people. SHIPPING WESTWARD T ii f AVI-UM; lo the westward across the Pacific each day there arc about 'JOO ships our aquatic lifeline to the Orient, according to Rear-Admiral Carleton II. Wright, commandant of the Twelfth Naval District, who revealed for the first time since the war something of the scope of Pacific shipments. When the war in Europe ends and we are able lo give major attention to our war in "•* •*•» »•*«.• ,&-.M.v.&£^^.*.M V* *l« \~L KJIV *f UiJ V.U11V.V4 1V-/ V-Jll '"111 |-\ •/» ada to sit in at the important conference. ' lll ° ' a . clfu ;' lllCTC wi " bo an inevitable in- II does not strengthen administrative poll- j 7°f c ln sh 'P»ncnts. Obviously the only way cies to keep in authoritative positions those i lo , C|) , ° 1 "' ;"' mw *< navi( ' s and air forces in whom the people have lost confidence, j *"W llvl \ w ' lh '"aerials >* »o ship them * * 'l-i,....-!,.., ll,,, 1\--*/* They do not care for Madame Perkins as Secretary of Labor; neither do they accept Mr. Ickes' leadership. The. administration may have faith in such men as Harry Hopkins and Senator Truman as advisers, but that does not run to the rank and file of our citizens. It has not been so long ago that Chairman Hannigan of the Democratic National Committee airily remarked thai he was looking forward toward a Fifth term. No doubt of it, and so are many other bureaucrats who may consider themselves indispensable even though they do not use that term. It would be helpful to the country if we could have assurance that a Fourth term, if it is decreed, will not be handicapped by incompetent official aid. Candidate Dcwey, if he should win at the polls, says he will make a clean sweep in readjusting government to serve the people. Mr. Roosevelt could do much to strengthen himself by making a similar declaration. Meantime, in this campaign let's have the discussions confined to policies and principles—discussions that need not be too personal. LABOR FOR THE FARMS T HE Farm Production Council of this state has given emphasis to the need for labor in harvesting California's crops for the ensuing year, the allcnlion of Representatives and Senators being directed to the serious shortage thai threatens. It is estimated that during the past year 39,000 workers from Mexico were employed in (he slate. But aside from the fact that 50,000 German prisoners of war will be available for farm work, there is no present prospect of labor as a substitute for that from Mexico which contributed substantially to harvesting during the past season. By a timely resolution prepared by F. M. Shay, chairman, and R. L. Adams, director, of the California Farm Production Council, the threatened shortage is stressed and our Congressmen are asked lo use their influence to maintain the arrangement with Mexico which has worked admirably, but which, to be• continued, must have legislative action. ~ The resolution in question, among other tilings, says: "All indications are that there be a continuing short farm labor supply in 1945 and that our continued parlicipalion in the war will require a maximum production of essential food and fiber crops to adequately provide for our military forces, our Allies and our civilian population." -Based upon this situation the Farm Production Council urges a continuation of the system which made possible labor importation through the last calendar year. Without this, the shortage is not likely to be relieved in time to aid harvesting for the year across the. Pacific ocean. Cessation of the war in Europe will also release, lo a large extent, quantities of lend- lease material which this country has been pouring into England and her colonies since the beginning of the war. Much of this material may be diverted then, at the option of our leaders, lo the Pacific. If for the war in the Pacific we lengthen the traveling distance of any of our ships, say from New Orleans, instead of Seattle or San Francisco, then an additional 500 ships would be needed, Admiral Wright said. He docs not know, however, from whence these ships will come for "they don't exist now," according to his statement. When the emphasis swings to the Pacific campaign, we can look for grcal increase in railway shipments over lines already heavily burdened, but we may expect the adaptability and ingenuity for which our people are noted to solve this military manifestation of supply and demand. Lieutenant-General George H. Patton's great armored column, which rolled victoriously across Prance after the breakthrough, now has fome smack up against the traditional fortress of Metz. which probably cannot be taken without heavy air bombardment, which was retarded duo to the thick, rainy, foul weather that gave Hitler a breathing spell. Further north, on Lieutenunt-Oen- eral Courtney II. Hodges' First Army front, I entered Germany with United Press Correspondent Henry T. Gorrell. It was not his first trip across the frontier as he and Ernest Hemingway had been the first correspondents in. "That's Germany right across the railroad tracks." said Gorrell. A minute later our jeep, slithering through mud that in many places was well over the shoetops, carried us into the Nazis' homeland at Rot- gen, traveling in the direction of Htolborg. Along the road, I noticed a sharp contrast with the inhabitants back in Belgium and Franco. Here there were no waves, except by a few children. Most of the peasants don't even look up as the army jeep passes. The townsfolk mostly stare gloomily or glower. Once in a while you get a surreptitious smile or a friendly eye, but rarely. Ten miles into Germany and approaching the front you begin to boar the rumble of artillery, although the German peasants, like those in other countries over which the war has rolled, continue obviously working in the fields, even though, shells are passing directly overhead. We reached the colonel's headquarters close up. The weather was gloomy, the mud liquid glue. American "O. I.s" huddled under dripping trees and in dank, muddy holes. However, despite the low cloud ceiling, two German Messerschmitts appeared, took a leisurely look at the town, and then the ack-ack commenced chattering. Everybody took to the holes or took shelter in doorways as if escaping a sudden thundershower. Presently we found ourselves at an observation post from which a big German factory, smoke boiling from many chimneys, was easily discernable- likewise Germany railroad trains chugging along parallel with our lookout. Remember, this is not a strictly solid front like in the last war. It is a long projection or skinny salient into Germany. Enemy machine gun nests were right before us, but so well concealed that only a practiced military eye could detect them. A farm woman still was dwelling in no man's land. Whenever firing began hit ting close to her domicile she waved a white handkerchief In token of strict neutrality. Several times wp saw Germans silhouetted in a ride just across from us. The country looked so peaceful and rural that it seemed we could just march right ahead, but actually it was bristling with hidden defenses, although the Americans at that point had actually pierced the Siegfried Line. Heavy concrete pillboxes were all behind us. Some had been blown up, some abandoned, and our own soldiers were occupying them as shelter from the penetrating, bone-chilling rain. The Americans dropped a shell plop into one German slit trench. Smoke arose. A short distance away a German soldier emerged from his hideaway, stood looking around, and then crawled in again. Yanks in the observation post stood for hours looking death straight in the teeth, since it was a cinch the 'Germans were staring down our throats just as vigilantly as we were staring down theirs. Presently they gave evidence of their interest, banging several shells into pastures very nearby. A few minutes later, as we were wriggling through the wettest possible woods among tangles of briars, half a dozen sharpnet airbursts whacked the vicinity. "They .seem to have plenty o stuff," rema'rked an officer. "The^ ladle it back to us around here jus as fast as we dish it out." After feeling all that optimism back home following the attempt to kill Hitler, following Lieutenant General Omar Bradley's masterl.v strategy in breaking through, and the unprecedented sweep of the Americans and British across France and Belgium, it was strange to see the Americans hung up under cir cumstances looking almost like a stalemate of the last war. However, the explanation is that From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Callfornlan. till* date. 1934) Mrs. Else Richards was elected president of the Short Story Club at the initial fall meeting last night. She succeeds her mother, Mrs. Jennie C. Engell. In a search for further accomplices. friends of Hauptmann are being investigated, news from New York indicated today. Cecil Tracy, Kern county native son and former champion cowboy, will seek national honors during Bakersfield Frontier Days celebration October 6 and 7. The Dionne quintuplets were taken from their home to the new hospital which will be their residence for several years today. Every device of medical science will guard their health. While returning to this country from Finland, Paul Carlson, age 15, addressed a letter to himself, placed it in a bottle and tossed it overboard. On March 31. 1934. the bottle was found by .Ion Slettstol, age 6. Tuesday the message arrived in Bakersfield. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Callfornlan. this date. 1924) Mrs. Cora F. Bender, principal of Washington School, saved her home from damage today when she extinguished a blaze in a pile of rubbish at the rear of her house with a hand extinguisher. Randsburg will be invaded by a group of local legionnaires when a new post is Installed in the desert city. William Jennings Bryan, secretary of state in President Wilson's cabinet, stopped in Bakersfield yesterday, en route to Hollywood on a -(By PAUL MALLON)Sept. 2S.—The tlie Morgenthati political tour the interest of the Davis-Bryan Democratic campaign. A Hanford sheriff tripped cupid at the eleventh hour of a romance at Kern county courthouse today when his 'telegram reached the county clerk's office in time to prevent an under aged girl from becoming a bride. J. M. HabeYfelde, president of Delano Chamber of Commerce, will be one of the speakers at an inter-city dinner in Delano October 1. AVASHINGTON Inner debate on peace program has been advertised us a struggle of a harsh versus a soft peace, but it was hardly that. The plan of the treasury secretary to deindustrlallze Germany as well as de-militarize her was harsh enough, it is true Th'e purpose was to crush her completely so she could never rise again. But no one around the cabinet circle in which (he fight revolved wants to be particularly light on the Nazis. The plan was resisted by State Secretary Hull and War Secretary Stimson for another reason. It was a reason good enough to warrant them fighting even the Roosevelt okay which Morgenthau secured before presenting the idea. The fact is this nation may have gotten its war propaganda too much mixed up with its permanent peace hopes. The thought which has been constantly before us is that the Nazis must be exterminated and the German people held in check forever to keep the peace of the world. This is enough of a goal to win this war, but not enough to prevent tho next one or win it if it comes to us. How much more may be needed is evident behind the final reports on the Dumbarton Oaks deliberations before publication of the agreement. Our people, and presumably also Britain, wanted to prevent any of the big five United Nations (France is eventually to come into the big four) which becomes involved in a war-threateneing controversy from voting on whether to take action against an aggressor. They wanted an objective and judicial decision by uninterested parties, but Russia objected. The mere fact that this controversy arose, bringing the extensive ramifications which have been aired In news accounts of the conference, points to the possibility that the future peace of the world does not rest alone on keeping Germany on her back—or Japan If there are nc*v no ambitious men among the United Nations, who can < say when one will not arise? Who can say when national policies will not change? There may be far more postwar J' be i this trouble from this possible source of internal dissension among present war friends, who will wind up this war with the power of the world, than from Germany and Japan, flat on their backs, and to be kept there by continuing our resolution to keep them there, as well as by any dismemberment formula. These are the real considerations, the inner reasons, behind the rejection of the Morgenthau formula and the trouble at Dumbarton. The crushing of Germany and Japan is ' one objective. The keeping of the future peace of the world is another. It bespeaks the fact that many official authorities here are coming around to a broader and more real-» • istlc attitude P'or a time some months back it looked as if the foresight of most of the cabinet toward the future world was limited to the present circumstances of the war, and a lot of peace formula makers obviously have been merely falling for current propaganda, their own, and others, good and bad. The maintenance of a realistic foreign policy thus will do more to keep the peace than anything that has . been or can be done. (World copyright. 1944. by King Feature Svn- dipate. Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction In full or In part strictly prohibited.) bad weather permitted the Germans to bring up tough divisions unmolested by our air superiority, plus encountering such formidable defenses at Metz; also running into rear areas behind the Siegfried Line which possibly are even harder to penetrate, and on top of everything the rain and deep mud in which the operations bogged down. A few days of sunshine may change everything. RANDOM NOTES Again it may be suggested that Mr. Hitler's intuition has accomplished a good deal—for his enemies. The Russians are strengthening their position in the regions ahout Warsaw and Riga and other vital points; the German armies have lost their foothold, if not completely, then in part, in the Halkan Slates and in the Baltic area. In Italy the Gothic Line has in effect been broken, and the only point where the Germans are maintaining themselves at the present time is at the west wall and further in the area of the lower Rhine. Juloll y woo d By EDDIE CANTOR (Pinch Hitting for Erskine Johnson) I've auditioned over 500 people each year since 1931 to find talent for my radio program. Friends say I'm nuts. But if i were lackadaisical about auditioning, I wouldn't have mot Doannu Durbin, Dinah Shore, Bobby Breen, Oracle Allen, Parkya- karkus, Bert Gordon. Nora Martin, or my new find, America's youngest orchestra leader. Leonard Sues. Like any old hen, I get a kick out seeing my chicks grow up and find their own worms. It seems like yesterday that Bobby Rreen sang "Santa. Bring My Alommv Back to Me." Today Private Broon is overseas. 1 can't forget meeting Deanna Durbin. Before auditioning, Deanna said "1 hope you're not nervous, Mr. Cantor! 1 ' After one. song complete with her devastating smile, she was .signed. In 19:!0 at New York's famous Palace theater. 1 had Oracle Allen appear on my program. Oracle was sensational and soon Burns and Allen had their own show. They've never stopped. T first mot Parkyakarkus in Boston at a banquet making a speech In Greek dialect to amuse his fellow businessmen. He convulsed his audience. Parky didn't know it, but he auditioned for me then. The next week he was a member of my radio family. uaestioiis and A (By The Haskln Service) Q. Do chicks grow faster when provided with light at night?—E. K. A. Experiments conducted by the United. States Department of Agriculture showed that chicks hatched in hot weather out more and grow In fact, there is little territory left now in the European "fortress" of which Hitler was recently boasting. Much of the German strength is devoted to defense against the threatened invasion. Which does not mean that we should discount the strength of the enemy forces in the section in which hitler warfare is now raging. The outcome, there will'depend upon the strategy of our military leaders, and in j '"« only _normal HRIH and eating the same measure that is true in the Pacific, wilh Japan as a resisting enemy. What Mr. Hitler must see, if he considers the history of the last three years, is that millions of his subjects have found graves on foreign soil and that thousands upon thousands of others are prisoners of war, that the supplies needful for carrying on hostilities are lessening daily and that the end cannot be too far distant. If Hitler did accomplish all this by his intuition he must conclude, since he insisted upon depriving ranking officials of their commands in order lo take charge himself, that he has contributed a good deal to a situation as it now favors his enemies. I, Five years ago, T listened to a girl singing her heart out. She needed a job and put plenty into her song. When I signed her, she said: "Mr. C.. you won't regret this. I'm going to try to be the best singer in radio." Popularity polls prove she made the grade. Congratulations, Dinah Shore! Scene: Lindy's famous Broadway restaurant. Characters: a waiter and a comedian. The comic explains he wants mayonnaise on his sandwich—no butter, and not too much mayonnaise. In fact, he doesn't want the sand_wich, he'll take soup. Everyone laughed. Because of that incident, Bert Gordon—"The Mad Russian"—became a radio fixture. I'll always be grateful to Portland, Ore., for lovely Nora Martin. Nora, a great singing personality, has one of the most retentive memories in show business. She only has to sing a number once to remember it. I've heard her sing SO songs in one day. By now. you've heard Leonard Sues on my Wednesday for the first time recently at a resort in New York. A happy crowd whistled and cheered as this youngster played encore after encore. Unquestionably a fine musician, good showman, and an excellent actor. I just don't pick these people— I'm lucky enough to stumble across them, phone Pardon me, there's the You never can tell! nswers Q. Do islands actually disappear and reappear?—G. S. E. A. Many islands are known to have disappeared as a result, of violent undersea disturbances. Some have reappeared, as in the case of THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. thla date. 1914) Neither Villa or Carranza will be candidate for president of Mexico, they report today. This decision. Mexican leaders say, is in the Inter- 'st of peace. The birthday anniversary of Miss Mary Oldham was celebrated at a party at her home today." The Senate finance committee today took up the war revenue bill for discussion. A tax on automobiles rather than gasoline is expected. Miss Margaret Westfall and Henry A. Kassabaum were married in Taf't September 1 and returned from their wedding trip yesterday. A local record for a mile run was smashed in the motorcycle meet here yesterday by Don Johns. A man arrested for stealing a railroad ticket pleaded guilty before Judge Marlon this morning and was sentenced to 60 days In jail. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date, 1904) The Reverend Edward Vaughan has been assigned to Bakersfield to succeed the Reverend George E. Foster who will go to Newman. A study of Naples will interest members of Bakersfield Woman's Club at their first meeting Monday. The year's program will be continued with study of Rome, Florence, Venice, Athens, Egypt and Alexandria. A young burglar found robbing Burgess & Smiley's Saloon fired on officers and was shot and killed by Deputy Bell this morning. A. C. Maude, soldier of two nations and pioneer of Kern county, died this morning following a long illness. Constable Kett of Tehachapi and others are searching the mountains in search of the murderers of Brakeman James Hemphill. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1894) The old post office room is soon to be occupied by a fruit store. In a raid on an opium joint in Chinatown last night, Officer Joe Druilliard captured two smokers and confiscated an outfit. Mr. Maguire says that wool has gone up four cents a pound since the enactment of the Wilson bill. Doctor Perry of Tehachapi is devoting some time to the development of a mine a few miles south of town. The only hard luck we wish him is that he strikes it rich and returns a millionaire. Gene Garlock killed an immense wildcat a few days ago. As a first class thief of pigs and lambs he had no superior and few equals. Col umn -(By PETER EDSON)The Hon. Harold L. Ickes is never in better form than when he's out after somebody, and at this- particular moment he has a couple of pet punching bags on whom to exercise his spleen—Governor Thomas E. Dewey and John L. Lewis. The Dewey campaign is highly satisfactory. Secretary Ickes admitted to his last press conference. Highly satisfactory. "This year we have Alf Landon running with a mustache. And how he loves the laboring man." Had the secretary noticed that Dewey was going to appoint a new cabinet Oh yes. Tckes was taking care of that in his speech at Pittsburgh, and he had It all fixed up. Who would be the new secretary of the interior? "Well, that would be a hard job to fill." What did the secretary think about Dewey's power program for the northwest "I didn't know he had one. He didn't visit any of the dams, did he? He couldn't have visited any of the dams and then made the statement that this administration hadn't done anything for the west. Dewey was just debating with himself whether to sell public power to private companies at the bus bar, permitting them to resell at a profit, and he couldn't make up his mind." It is as a foil for John L. Lewis that Ickes may have his greatest role in the campaign, though people who have pet hates against both these men may have a hard time giving their prejudices proper priorities. When a reporter reminded the secretary that six months ago, when Ickes was negotiating a new contract with the mine workers, Lewis was his great and good friend, Ickes cracked back with, "Dewey should take note of that." Ickes was then asked who owed whom a telegram in the latest ex- change with Lewis, and the secre^ tary acknowledged that, "I owe him more than one." Mention was made of the Lewis request that the administration "lay off the miners until after election." "We have to have coal." Ickes shot back. "We can't wait till after election to get coal. If we ask the weatjier man to lay off, maybe we can lay off." Previously, Ickes had commented that "not even John Lewis could keep himself warm next winter with his own vituperation." The fact is that Ickes now has Lewis over a barrel in calling attention to the 1300 strikes in the coal fields, affecting over 340,000 men and costing over 6,000,000 tons of coal production since November. 1943. "I have communicated with Lewis on a number of occasions," says Ickes, "asking him to get the mines running again. He has replied courteously and he and his retinue have made an effort to get the miners back. "This last time, I sent him one of these telegrams, calling attention to the critical situation. I didn't mark it personal, but I didn't give it out. He did, and he issued one of his characteristic blasts and I answered that. Then he came back with another blast. I don't intend to answer that. "Lewis signed a contract there would be no strikes, and no amount of vituperation will cover it up." What did the secretary think about Lewis' intention to ask for a wage Increase for his miners? An assistant furnished the secre- :ary with the information that the jituminous contract expired March 31, the anthracite April 30. "I'm not worrying," said the'sec- retary, "about anything that happens after March 30, 1945." You can read Into that any po- itical significance you care to. Tike Readers' Viewpoint EDITOR'S NOTE—Letters ihould be limited to ISO words; may attack Ideas but not persons: mu.it not be ibualve and should be written legibly and on one aide if the piper. The Californian U not responsible for tbt eenttmenls contained therein and reserve* the right to reject an; letters. Letters oiuit bear an authentic address and ilgnature, although these will be withheld If desired. taster when provided with artificial I Bogoslof in the Aleutians and Fal- liKhting at night than chicks receiv- C on island in the south Pacific. In the West Indies the British once planted a flag on a little Island off the coast of Trinidad. Soon after- only in daytime. Night light was furnished by a 40-vuut electric blub tor 144 square feet of floor space. Q. Why wore oak leaves chosen ns insignia by various corps and ranks in the navy'.'—G. B. P. A. The use of oak leaves as a device probably originated as a symbol of the excellent oaken ships of the navy. Live oak was used for shipbuilding in the early days and at Boston and other navy yards huge oak logs were preserved under water for years. Q. What states have prisoners of war camps?—J. L. A. A. The provost marshal general's office reports that prisoners of war are held In camps located in all sections of the United States. Q. How many full generals are on active duty?—D. B. C. A. The army had six full generals on active duty on September 1, 1944. ward it disappeared. Q. What Is the probability of a couple's celebrating the golden wedding anniversary?—C. H. A. A. It depends upon the age of the couple at the time of marriage. It has been estimated that if the girl is 20 and the young: man 25 the chances are one in six. If the marriage occurs ten years later, the chances are one in forty. Q. What is the name of the geological period in which we live?— J. R. T. A. It is the Recent or Holocene. It extends from about 20,000 B. C. to the present time. A reader can net Oin aiuuer tn any (motion or fact by wtltlne TUe H»ker»tiel,l CilKurnltu I nl tn nut Ion Bureau. 3l'i E>e Sli««t. .V K., WaMiliutoii. 2. J>. c. Pleue enclose three (3) cent* for reply. SO THEY SAY We have a vast number of men .vho want to stay in the army, navy and air corps. There will be more than we can accommodate. We will lave to make a selection and keep hose best qualified.—Senator Elmer Thomas (D) of Oklahoma, member subcommittees on army and navy appropriations. Mere repression is not the answer o the problem of postwar Germany. Nations grow tired of serving as jailers of other peoples, and when jailers grow tired, they grow careless.— Dr. Everett Case, president Colgate jniversity. If at any time there are not suf- icient jobs In private employment o go around, then government can nil must create additional job opportunities.—Thomas E. Dewey. PEN SHAFTS There seems to be some question as to where Hitler is—but there's no question at all as to where he is going. When baseball passes out, the greatest batter of all comes in—that for pancakes on the cold mornings. The watch on the Rhine is about to run down because the Germans are all wound up. Politicians are doing a lot of blowing these days—enough in many cases'to blow the election. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY The getting of treasures 6j/ a lying tongue is a vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death.— Proverbs 2l:(i. • • * Sin had many tools, but a lie is the handle which fits them all.— Holmes. STUDENT ON POLITICS Editor The Californian: This is in reply to "warm logic' of September 16. I have been check ing up on some of your assertions in a little book on the United States Constitution. I looked all through the book, but alas, I could not find Mr. Roosevelt's power to create the scores of government bureaus. In fact, it says in Article II, section 2 paragraph 2, under "Power of the President"—"He shall have power— by and with the consent of the Senate, shall appoint—officers of the United States, whose appointments are not hereinotherwise provided for, and which snail be established by law." Who makes laws? I think Con gress does. At least that used to be, I didn't check up on any new forms about it. You spoke of Herbert Hoover as putting America In bread lines. If you would look into history you'd find depressions following wars, not Herbert Hoover. Also, you'd find jobs are plentiful during wartime, not as a result of F. D. Roosevelt. Any person who holds the rightful powers of President for 12 or 16 years can completely monopolize the government. This is not a fault in the Constitution, the farmers simply did not expect a President to stay in office that long. By appointments in the Supreme Court, President, Cabinet, can gain control of the country's foreign policy, judicial decisions, labor policies, etc. But a person like F. D. R., who holds the office with unconstitutional powers can have unlimited powers (and so he does). In order tha.t you may check up more thoroughly on your Constitution, just send 25c 'to the National Institute of Public Education. 1410 H street, N. W., Washington, D. C. You will receive a wonderful book showing that the old Constitution is not so obsolete. STUDENT. P. S. Don't you think Dewey's speaking voice is just as good as "My Friends" Roosevelt's? FOR MR. DEWEY Editor The Californian: Ten questions for Mr. Dewey: 1. Why, since ho it so concerned about servicemen and service women, did he kill the federal soldier ballot in New York; and why has he failed to sponsor rehabilitation legislation for returning veterans in New York? 2. Why, since he pretends concern for minorities, did he refuse to urge bis Republican colleagues in the Senate to vote for the anti-poll tax bill; why does he try to smear the foreign born by referlng to Sidney HIHman's origin? 3. Why, since he pretends he'll safeguard labor's interests, does it happen that not a single local union in the country has endorsed him? 4. Why, since he talks of improving the living standards of the people, did he veto a veneral disease inspection bill, slash $8,000,000 from the education budget and reject plans for postwar housing in his New York state? 5. What has he ever done for farmers except predict last September that they wouldn't do their patriotic duty and produce the food stuffs which later broke all production records? 6. Where was his voice since he talks about the Roosevelt depression, in those days of Harding, Coolidge ~ and Hoover "normalcy" when those three administrations undermined the foundations of world economy and precipitated the world in the greatest economic collapse known to •' history. ' 7. What specifically, since he says postwar job are the main question before usi' will he do to prevent a return to Hoovervllles, apple stands; why didn't he speak out before his Republican colleagues in Congress that defeated the Kilgore proposal for planning reconversion and postwar employment. 8. .Why, since he effects a "non partisan" pose on the necessity to fashion a just and durable peace organization, does he. continue to slander a Teheran agreement as a "secret covenant" or to attack the good neighbor policy, the monetary conference, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation administration? 9. Why does he conceal his position on present and postwar unity with Briton and the Soviet Union? 10. Why has he never in all his career publicly denounced Fascism? Signed. ROOSEVELT DEMOCRAT "NAZI PARTY" Editor The Californian: If there were any doubts left in M anyones mind that the America " First Party was the Nazi party in this country, all those doubts were lifted by the "America First" letter that appeared in this column on Friday, September 22. Yours truly, V. W. O.

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