The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 27, 1944 · Page 14
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 14

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Wednesday, September 27, 1944
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**** Wednesday Septe Entered in poet c/ffc* at Bakersfield, California, HP nocond elans mail tinder the act of Congress March 3, 1ST9, MEMBER OP THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Associated Press ie exclusively entitled to the nar for Won of all new* df«patchf*s credited to it or not nthrrwipe tn thla paper, and also the local news puhltehrd Bakers field Californian 1« alsn a riient of the United Press and receive! its complete wirn service. REPRESENT ATIVES Wost-HolMay Co., Inc. Kew Tork. Chimpo, San FranclHm, l.os An Seattle, Portland, Denver WASIT7NGTON, D. C., The UaRkin Service, Washington. ]> C carrier or mail (in advanrn) in postal zonrs one, ptr month, Si'u; nix months, $5,10; one ynftr, 49, (Mi, postal nonea four to eight, per month, S1,t*r*. twn. By mail in THOSE WHO SERVE T HERE "will be wide interest among the people of Kern County in the publication three times as much money "as all the other Presidents who held office before him put together," the crowd seemed ama/cd. Governor Bricker is backing up his declaration and says that, though astounding, it is true. The full impact of the national debt may not be realized for some time to come. It transcends the ordinary grasp of figures because it is beyond the realm of any foregoing human experience. 1 o j EDITOR'S NOTE—Until mich lira* «• Ernie Pyle'a column Is resumed following torn vacation, thla cpaca will b« used for war featura atoriea. "PEACE IN OUR TIME" F AI,L Hie ironies of modern times, perhaps the most heartbreaking, perhaps most erroneous, statement of our age just off the p entitled 'Those Who and the grimmest preface to a world holo- Serve,** sponsored by and distributed through I causl, was thai assertion of England's the Frank S. Reynolds Post No. 20, Amcri- j Neville Chamberlain, just six years ago this can Legion. It is dedicated to army and navy men on the world's battle fronts, defenders of our nation now and of its freedom in the years hereafter. _- A history of the county, carefully prepared month, when, alighting at England's great Croydon airport near London, after his conference with Hitler at Munich, he said: "K means peace in our time." And the crowd, not reali/ing that the world not long by Jesse Stockton, prominent high school hence would go to war, cheered heartily. ^ ^^ ^^.^^_ ^_ ^^^ Instructor and an outstanding leader of the Post, covers the era from the earliest Spanish explorers down through the development of oiflr mines and the expansion of our great agricultural areas. As a feature it will not fail to be appreciated by Kern's residents of today and by those who will constitute its population of tomorrow. Outstanding are the pages of this publication devoted to the pictures of those youn .men and women of Kern Counlv who are a fc part of the army and navy and air forces defending our country. Happily, it will be easy for Kern residents to establish the idcn- -* f * tity of the photographs, there being an alphabetical index of the pictures of those thou- n ¥ ™ sands who answered the call of their country in this critical period of its history. "Those Who Serve" will be ready in a few days for distribution and all who are fortunate enough to acquire one of the 5000 copies will have a prized possession, prized by the owners of today and by those of the coming generation. The statement of England's prime minister, which time and events made as inane as any in history, is now coming to have meaning again, six years after its first irrcle- venl utterance. For now it appears that in the next year or so, there mav be "peace in in thfi states and here. ^^b | | | ^f^ ^L • ^p^ ^_ ^^ j_ . . __ _^^_ _ f our time" again, but not as a result of anything the late Mr. Chamberlain did in his • *- ' time. FOUnXEUF, Britany, Sept. 6. (Delayed) OP)—Standing on the battlefield 14 hours alter a whole platoon, save one survivor, nan been wiped out, you feel something of the gallantry of the boys from the farms, cities and small towns of America who made the name of Fourneuf the watchword of this division. The strong German defenses on high ground Included foxholes, tunnels, pillboxes, trenches and camouflaged gun emplacements. It was holding 1 up the advance of two bat- talionH. By proving that one infantry platoon could crash their almost impregnable position, a crushing blow was dealt to German morale and the core of resistance was broken in one sector of the battle for Brest. Kvery man in the platoon knew what lie was in for. Every man, save one unhurt and two wounded, died with hlood on his bayonet and with the objective achieved. "The bodies look aggressive even when dead," said Major William F. Kornan of Washington, D. C. "Talk to our company sergeant first," said Captain Robert J. Htit, of o4ii Norman avenue, Los Angeles, "and he'll tell you he's been recommended for the D. S. C. twice and for immediate commission. He'll tell you how it was." Sergeant John W. Iladaway. son of C. A. Hadaway of LufUin, Texas, was a bronzed boy with brown eyes and ruffled hair. "I called th platoon sergeant to me. see." he said. "That's what's worst—sending your buddies out. He'd been with me seven years back f I ULGARIAN CRUELTY THE LIABILITY GROWS T HE columns of the newspapers of the land the last day or two emphasi/c the fact that Sidney Hillman of the Political Action Committee is a distinct liability instead of an asset to the cause he advocates. Among those so declaring is William M. Jcfl'ers, president of the Union Pacific Railroad Company and former controller of the rubber industry, whose service to the country in that capacity won wide approval. /.And State Senator Jack Tennv has h switched his registration from Democratic to Republican, declaring: "I no longer can remain a Democrat and preserve my self respect if that parly is to be taken over lock, stock and barrel by Sidney llillman." j,Senator Tenny who represents Los Angeles county, has been chairman of the legislative committee investigating un- American activities. Now he, like many others, has found it impossible to support a political organization which gives Hillman ranking place in its activities in this presidential election. If Hillman's efforts in that behalf contribute to victory it certainly will weaken the cause he is supposed to represent through the years to come. A ; AMiiiur.AN airmen are being repatriated from Bulgaria they arc telling and verifying stories of brutal mistreatment suffered at the hands of the Bulgars. Many of Ihe fliers were beaten with pistols when they were captured. The Bulgars called them "American gangsters" and told them they had no right to bomb Bulgarian cities because Bulgarians were merely at war against America "on paper." Some of Ihe airmen were killed bv their *•' captors in violation of all international treaties governing the conduct of belligerents. The Bulgarians, when Germany was riding its short-lived crest of victory, "picked the wrong horse and now with its talc of brutalities being revealed, will be sorry for the mistake in judgment. The Bulgarians, as a matter of reports now being received, established themselves on a parity with the Japanese for their cruel treatment of prisoners. The Allies have promised that these things will be remembered when we come to adjudicate responsibilities for the war and the treatment of prisoners. Hadaway paused a moment, then went oil quietly. "Tie said okay ... "Then I called the squad leaders separately. I didn't tell them about nt>t coming back, but I told them what there was to do and told them not to run but to walk quietly the smoke screen lifted. till and how they thought some of their buddies were prisoners, but how he found them all next morning. They had died, but not until they gained their objective. "I went first. I wanted to find my sergeant and I did, right where he ought to be—behind, directing, not up front pulling men on. There were others just where they should he, in perfect platoon formation, some up the sunken lane, others up in the field to the right." Tie said he found a foot sticking out of a hole and called down to see if it was Jerry. "That you, Sergeant Hadaway?" called an American voice. ft was one of his men. "When we got him out he threw his arms around my neck, he was so pleased to see me. We took 28 German bodies from that field alone." Hadaway has a wife and a small girl living at 607 Hot Wells Boulevard, San Antonio. I saw photographs. Leaning forward he tried to make me understand. "You see, you can't be careful in war. You've grot to just go on and not plan ahead and then you will not be disappointed. And I figure if T get killed here — well — I've helped some other guy to get back anyway, and that's all there is to it." Later on the hill T saw a little hamlet and a field with high hedges and a sunken lane. And there was the squalid litter of the battlefield- personal belongings, weapons of war, captured German dugouts and gun emplacements, torn bloody letters, underwear, helmets with blood and holes in them. I saw torn photographs and pieces of grenades and bullets and burnt out guns and wine and bottles and sheets stolen cognac by the " We save them smoke. Then we waited. Later we tried to go up a sunken road between high hedges, but five men got killed in two minutes by a German sniper in the hedge. "I think I went mad then. I fired polntblank. They found 20 bullets in his body next day. But we had to fall hack." He told how they waited all day while artillery blasted the position Boche from French houses. And there were broken guns and bayonets. and in a ditch a German body. The feet were blown off but his eye glasses, unbelievably, were undamaged. And everywhere I smelled that sweet, sickly, terrible smell of death. On below, 500 yards away, was the front line. And you can see in your mind how it was a few hours before with the platoon facing its objective, and dying to win that small vital position so that "some other guy" can find his way home. y woo emu (By ERSKINE JOHNSON) RANDOM NOTES DEATH TO LIFE HE Russians, who pioneered numerous advances in medicine and surgery, now, according to the New York Times, have sue- L ceeded in bringing back to life 12 out of 51 dead soldiers through forcing air under pressure into the lungs and blood into an artery leading to the heart. * This work has been pioneered by Dr. V. A. Negovsky. Injured soldiers returned to life after clinical death are now living and articulate examples of this new miracle of surgery. But the process of revivification must im '' be started before disintegration has set in or the technique is useless. The Russian method has been evolved after many experiments. The Russians were early users of blood plasma. They are widely | ^ '^ should known, of course, for Pavlov's famous experiments with conditioned responses, and some of their surgical innovations have relieved a great deal of suffering in this wmlcL Bringing men back to life after they have 1 dead is still news, though not new m Btedicine and surgery. The Russian method ft&i been reported successful where others •*\.-— -**t r r '" » We are wondering if Secretary Ickes thinks he is grateful as he considers that he has been retained in office for a period of 12 years with the further assurance that if the President is re-elected he will have four years more to serve—or to profess to serve the people of the nation. Speculation as to this situation is emphasized by the fact that on the very day flie President was contending that there had been little injury done to industry by reason of strikes during the progress of the war, Mr. Ickes took lime out to broadcast the statement that in a four weeks' period ending September 10 strikes had reduced bituminous coal output by 1,109,084 tons. This is in sharp contrast to the one-ten Hi of 1 per cent loss which the President suggests has resulted from disturbances between employer and employed. In contrast to the understanding of the Sometimes we get a little weary listening to the wails of people in Hollywood about being typed. In fact, those lah-de-dah glamor girls who gush about playing "Camille" and those nervous comics who buttonhole you on the sidewalk to tell you about a. test they made as bloody Jack the Hipper give us a pain in the neck. Why can't they we. happy with their thousand dollars and up a week and leave us alone? If there were no movies, they probably would be repairing loose manhole covers. The other day we were talking to Laird Cregar, who has become typed with homicidal maniac roles. He was moaning: "I hate Hollywood. I'm typed in morbid, morose roles. I'm unhappy. I want to be funny—and they cast me as a killer. I never want to see Hollywood again when I complete my contract." Laird is a very fine actor and would never have to repair loose manhole covers. In his case, we don't blame him for being bitter. He deserves better things. But he isn't alone. The complaint is universal. Dancers want to act, dramatic stars want to sing, glamor girls want to play old hags and villains want to be romantic. Same day be talked to Cregar \ve had lunch with Arthur Lake. Discovering Arthur in this glamorous pool of tears they call Hollywood is refreshing. For 20 years Arthur has been typed as the No. 1 celluloid dope. And he's happy about It. "When I'm not playing dopes," he says. "1 don't work. My agent talked me into playing a straight character once. I played a no- account brother. I guess you could call me the villain. It was awful. I went back to my agent and said, 'Please—from now on I want to be a dope/ " Arthur Lake—who is 38 and looks 22—started playing characters short on brain cells in the "sweet 16" comedies back in 1924. When the film cycle changed he was out of work. The "Harold Teen" comedies revived his career a few years later. He was out of work again when they were discontinued. Then along came Dagwood and Arthur Lake was in again. * l The only time I eat regularly ia when I'm playing dopes," Arthur says. "So why should I yell about being typed. I'm grateful to Hollywood. Where else could I make as much money as I do?" Lake just completed another dopey role opposite Dale Evans in the filmusical, "Next Comes Love." It's typical type casting. The girl likes he-men and Lake gets talked into Impersonating a wrestler known as "The Masked Marvel" to win her affections. The producer is Sydney M. Williams, a former Los Angeles assistant city attorney who took a fling at movie-making with a cheap quickie nine months ago. The picture was so good Williams was able to step into the higher budgets. But getting back to Arthur, he admits there's a fine line between his film roles and his offstage self. "I'm always completely mixed up in so'me- thing," he says, "but off the screen it isn't always so funny." Like the time he bankrolled a cocktail bar in Santa Monica. The place folded after six weeks. "The bartenders," Lake said, sadly, "drank up all the liquor." Copyright. 1944. NBA Service, Inc. TLe eaders' Vi icwpoin KDITOR'S NOTE—Letters should b« limited to 150 words; may attack Ideas but not person*; must not he abusive and should be written IcRlbly and on on* side of the paper. The Californian ia not refliiuiiKlble for the sentiments contained therein and reserves the rlubt to reject any letters. Loners must bear an authentic address and siipiature, although these will be withheld W desired. fornia's great development, the Centray Val- FOR MR. HOI 8KB Secretary of the Interior regarding Cali- | Editor The Californian: Permit me to call to the atten- . . . Uon of the voters the following lev Project, IS the statement made by UOV- (facts: Senator Sheridan Downey the Epic Movement later repudiating it. lie fell for a short time for the Utopian Society. lie endorsed then deserted the Townsent Plan. He was enthusiactic about the Ham and Egg philosophy, received their votes then did not support them. He refused to commit himself on the Elliott Amendment until the primary election, when Elliott secured both nominations Downey climbed on the Elliott band wugon. I therefore take great pleasure in recommending a vote for our Lieutenant-Governor Fred F. Houser for United States Senator. J. W. HICKS. more often failed. 'V, 1 in ' n*. - BRICKER'S STATEMENT .- > 1% .,. ^* i AT LAST the public is coming to an under/\ standing of the colossal spending of the Cgrrent regime, Governor John W. Backer, nominee for vice-president, said 'his Bangor, Maine, addresss, : Uut when the governor asserted that the {HPe*ent acfhriijistraUon has a^ent more than ^ - ornor Dewey as to the same enterprise. On this subject the San Francisco News says editorially: "Candidate Dewey's sympathy and knowledge of California's opportunities and problems are comforting indeed. They indicate a breadth of statesmanship that is promising not only to California but to the entire West if he becomes President." r I But that is getting away from the subject, c* three-term secretary, with *-- * possibly a fourth term ahead of him, take time to direct attention to the tremendous loss of production of coal during a four weeks' period just when the President was emphasizing the thought that the nation had suffered but little by reason of strikes. Labor has performed an invaluable service in carrying on its activities in connection with the war, but that does not explain why the secretary chose that very moment to advise the world that the President's figures as to losses are entirely out of line with production in the coal mining industry. Just one question, then. If the electors say that Mr. Roosevelt shall have a fourth term, does it necessarily follow that Mr. Ickes must likewise serve 16 years—or shall we say fill the office he now holds for that length of lime? Maybe the President could give the answer. / ON POLITICS Editor The Californian: Mr. Dewey says wo will have 10,000,000 men returning after the war. He says they are worthy of something better than a dole! A worthy statement truly said; we have heard similar ones before, but none were fulfilled! If our memory la good, we should remember the Hoover administration, and what they promised. Two cars in the garage, two chickens in the pot. Wonderful promises. But the cars and chickens were just around the corner, but we never found the corner. Now Mr. Dewey and the Republican party have the effrontry to tell us the same old story; not only to it old, it haa a lingering smell of the past, with a little New Deal spice to take off the hangover. The Republican party is like a spoiled child that has had its way for so long. It rebels against any discipline whatsoever, 7*hey, like the child, like freedom to do things as they like. They like, free enterprise! Are they going to fool us again? We had faith in them once and they failed us then! They criticize the New Deal, but have nothing to offer but the old raw deal of the past. They sneeringly refer to the President as the indispensible man. Mr. Gerard said that is a myth. I believe the President would agree with him; We are all dispen- sible as far as that goes. It would be very sad if we were not. We may be missed for a time, that's about all. Someone said we are a nation of borrowers and lenders. Another one says we are robbers and robbed. You judge for yourselves. The Republican party and Mr. Dewey want a freed hand in free enterprise. Probably the reason is they have most of the enterprise, but there's more to it than that. If they but realize, it's a game of life, and life must be eared for! JAMES PEARSON. 600 Roberts Lane. LEGION Editor, The Californian: A friend told me today that the pictures of servicemen in the Legion's big book, "Those Who Serve", were loaned to the Legion for publication in this public-spirited volume through the courtesy of Alfred Harrell. publisher of The Bukersfield Californian. I think the general public shoud be acquainted with this fact and I am asking you to publish thte letter in your "Readers Viewpoint", that it may be made known. I am sure the American Legion here has appreciated this courtesy. Some time back I purchased an engraving for a friend and I know that these "cuts" cost money. As a ^matter of fact I have been informed that to purchase more than 5000 engravings would cost thousands of dollars. Yet Mr. Kartell made these pictures and engravings available to the Legion here. It is just one of the many such kindnesses for which he has been noted during the years. „• EX-SERVICEMAN From the Files of The Californian TEX YEARS AGO <The Californian, this date, 1934) E. L. Jewett of Fresno, state president of California Fraternal Order of Eagles, praised the local aerie as one of the most oustanding in California when he visited here last night. George H. Cone and Frank Laughlin announce opening of a cafeteria tonight at 1618 Nineteenth street. Axel Petersen announces plans for the first meeting, tomorrow night, of the Chess Club this fall. Warde D. Watson, member of the publicity committee for the better housing campaign, addressed members of the Carpenters Union at the Labor Temple last night. "It Never Rains" will be presented under direction of Miss Ethel Robinson by the high school student body November 23. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this <Jate, 1924) Headlines: New Post Offtee Cornerstone Will Be Laid Soon; Rapid Progress Being Made on New Structure Here; Fraternal Orders to Conduct Ceremonies. Mrs. Augusta Praser. state president of Business and Professional Women's Clubs, is expected in Bakersfield Monday. Five of the world's richest persons live in America. G. P. Baker, 85 years old, is worth $300,000,000 and is almost unknown. L. E. Chenoweth will speak on rural school supervision and on a recent trip to AVashington, D. C., when he attends a state meeting of school superintendent at Fairmont hotel, San Francisco, next week. Miss Ruth Heil spent the week end in Los Angeles. Bakersfield Sandstone Brick Company plant now covers 40 acres. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The CaUfornlan, this date. 1914) Postmaster Klipstein will take Congressman Denver/ S. Church through the post office in a final effort to get action in Washington on providing a new building. President Wilson, in a letter to John T. Waldorf of San Francisco, is urging voters of California to elect James D. Phelan as United States senator. David Dodson found three cowpeas in the road four years ago. He planted them and they produced a gallon of peas the first year. This year he has 10 acres and they will net more than $800, Pictured in today's issue of The Californian is an enormous Zeppelin airship, Viktoria Louise, named for the daughter of Kaiser Wilhelm. It is one of the flying bomb-throwers terrorizing cities of enemies of Germany. FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date, 1904) William Jennings Bryan in a speech delivered last month, said that imperialism is still a paramount issue. Shakespeare Club met last night with Principal Childress presiding. Among new members welcomed were Miss Edith Coons. Mrs. C. N. Sears, Miss Sarah Rehfeld, Dr. Lois Worthington, Mrs. K. J. Jaynes and Miss Florence Chubb. Isaac Alexander resigned as president of the senior class, giving as his reason other student body activities. An article against Roosevelt in today's issue is printed under the caption "Roosevelt as he is and as he says he is." It says in part "He dominates the Republican party and bestrides it like a colossus. Deserting his early convictions in favor of a freer trade, he cultivates the monopolistic campaign contributions of his party." FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, thia date, 1894) Ten carloads of eastern chickens arrived last night and sold at $4.50 per dozen for grown hens. Dr. Hugh Tevis of San Francisco is here on a visit with his brother. Rear walls of the new Californian building are up to their full height. C. W. Dietrich and family moved out to their ranch near Jewetta this afternoon, Miss Mae Stark has^t>een in town this week on account of fresh paint in her schoolroom. John G, Knox and A. H. Murray, gathering the last of their prune crop, report that from six acres they averaged eight tons to the acre. The orchard is 4 years old. At the opening meeting of St. Paul's Guild Wednesday plans were made for a meeting at the home of Mrs. Planz. SO THEY SAY It is absurd to say that peace can be guaranteed under some sort of police arrangement by which the competitively armed nations comprising some new league will guarantee in some future time to use force against an aggressor. No such agreement has ever stood the test in history or ever will.—Norman Thomas. We need new industries more than ever, more idle land put to use in new ways and old, more soil conservation, a scientifically determined balance between conflicting forms of land-use and water-use, better bodies and far better minds.— Dr. Isaiah Bowman, president Johns Hopkins University. If we fight as hard to keep the good will of the liberated peoples as we did to win it» there is hope for happier days—Army newspaper Stars and Stripes. PEN SHAFTS Many of us will reserve judgment on the accomplishments of the Dumbarton Oaks peace conference until we hear whether they did anything about Hollywood. A New York subway motorman won a university scholarship. We are wondering if he is a man with a one-track mind. More and more people are seeing red—the sunburn on their friends. A lot of candy is purchased by husbands on an income of 2 a. m. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY For the Lord thy God is a merci* ful God: he will not .forsake thee t neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers whicl) he swear unto them. — Deuteronomy 4:31. * * * We do pray for mercy; And that same prayer doth teach us to all render the deed* of mercy—Shake- N ews N ews (By PAUL MALLON)- rep- In fact, there is WASHINGTON, Sept. 27.~~The Pepper sub-committee came up in the Senate a few days back with the results of nine months or more of profound study of juvenile delinquency. The tome had a tone of august severity and it said the committee had heard 50 witnesses. However, It did not say who these witnesses were and I would judge from the conclusions that they might have been the children. The main philosophical conclusion, for instance, was that "children are people." Frankly, I always thought they were rather immature people, who needed to be handled, led, inspired—and maybe spanked now and then for their own good, although I know the children mostly object to that. The report puts the mothers on a high plane also as good people, and takes the happy slant that the children who are running wild just resent a sign of the times, as far as I can make out, no criticism in the report for anyone, including the delinquents. As for handling children, the report says such things as "instituting a curfew law, excluding them from motion pictures, sterner discipline or lowering of the juvenile age is unlikely to lead to the heart of the problem." No, no, you cannot have sterner discipline or deprivations. What must you have, Senator Pepper? I think he must have been grinning in the direction of the election booths when he wrote the answer, after months of study from 50 witnesses. "The child should be within reach of churches, community centers and youth organizations, where with other children, he can share his hours of worship, play, recreational activities," he wrote, or rather the report says if he wrote it, because it sounds a lot like the ladies in the children's bureau of the labor department. I always thought the children could pretty well reach the churches now. There are a lot of them around. He might have made more of a point, the way I look at it, if he had suggested the churches reach the children. As for reaching the playgrounds, I can see rather Nearly what Senator Pepper is reach ing for. He wants new ones built, a reach which has often been stretched from Washington carrying funds from the treasury or from the municipal treasuries. This may be one nnswer for child recreation—if more playgrounds are really needed in some localities—but it is also the answer to a politician's dream, more spending. In precisely the same ethereal political realm, the report unrealistically goes on to point out there are now only 12 federal agencies handling child problems—so it wants another one. "The committee knows of no federal agency whose services could be dispensed with safely," it concludes. "Neither does the committee know of any federal agency setup in such a way that it can provide adequate leadership and co-ordination in the whole broad field of delinquent protection." This reasoning seems to be tie complex to me. In short, all these bureaus have failed anything successfully to cure juvenile delinquency, a cure can be made by another bureau at the top. It seems to me I have heard that solution before in connection with many other deficiencies and failures of government leadership. The report recommends that this new commission "for children and young people be established in the. Office of War Mobolization" (now that the war is nearly over) and that the new bureau establish "child guidance clinics" as an integral part of the school systems over the f country. For this, it recommends federal funds for "grants-in-aid to states"— the old money answer again. There are many other similar conclusions in the report, but I think the most important one behind it was not directly mentioned—namely that an election is scheduled for November 7. a lit- while to do (World lopyrjght. 10-14. by King Features Syndicate, Inc. All rtfihts reserved, lleproductioa in full or in part strictly prohibited.) (By N) There are so many nice little ways in which a candidate in office arid running for re-election has it all over a candidate not in the office he Is seeking to be elected to. Governor Dewey may not have the responsibilities that Roosevelt has. Dewey can do a lot more fancy-free shooting from the hip with small worry about breaking a few windows in other peoples' glass houses. But President Roosevelt can indulge in a lot more high-powered precision bombing from his exalted office without giving any too obvious appearances of playing politics and without mentioning his worthy opponent once, by name or inference. For instance, the President dashes off a directive to Budget Director Harold D. Smith telling him he's gotta start figuring how to reduce the number of government employes as soon as the wars over. Thereby the President, in office, gets credit for a beautiful assist at cutting down federal expenditures. The President signs the G. I. Bill of Rights, and his administration gets credit for being good to the soldiers. As commander-in-chief, the President goes to Africa, the Middle East, Hawaii, Alaska. He sees the troops in those places, and without kissing a single baby or giving away one cigar or a cigarette he makes his presence felt and thus appeals to a few hundred thousand potential voters, which his opponent cannot do. He can throw in, along with a list of deserving promotions of career diplomats, the appointment of a former Democratic national committeeman, Charles Sawyer of Ohio, to be ambassador to Belgium, and he can thereby pay off a political debt. He can make reports to the nation from "your government" and he can make fireside chats from secret naval bases on the west coast without mentioning politics, while at the same time giving you every assurance that you are now getting the best possible deal of all. He can send messages to Congress asking for national service legisla- tion, higher taxes and more subsidies to keep down the cost of living. Such a message makes him a great hero with people who believe there should be national service, bigger taxes and better subsidies, even though it is a foregone conclusion that. Congress will never approve such laws. He can appoint a committee to survey the cost of living, which makes a great hit with folks who believe the cost of living is too high, as who doesn't. Without a word from him, a bureau of his administration can in the normal course of its business get ready to say that millions of people should have their wages raised. And you know who gets the credit for that. He can attend conferences with Nimitz and MacArthur in Honolulu, with Churchill in Quebec, Chiang Kai-shek in Cairo and Joe Stalin in Teheran. These have nothing to do with domestic politics, but they make an* awful lot of front page news without his party's press agents having to turn a single handspring. Meanwhile, his opponent has to get in a train wreck to compete. He can receive ambassadors and ministers and heads of foreign governments with the same official rightness, while flashbulbs pop and the resulting pictures in the papers and all that the man House knows the im- from all over, subtly the idea that he should therefore be continued in ol- fice to carry on. Just before an election he can get the plans all started for keeping the peace, preventing future wars, doing away with the wicked cartels, feeding the hungry, bringing relief and rehabilitation to the dispossed, educating the dumb, stabilizing the world's currency, regulating the world's aviation, rubber and every other thing that is unregulated. All this is not playing politics, but who would dare propose swapping planners in the middle of a plan. It Is very nice to be President, when you want to be President. ^^^^r attest to one in the White portant folks putting Q u n an A nsw (By The Haskin Service) Q. How doea the speed of a softball compare with the speed of a baseball when passing the home plate?—W. D. A. The speed of a softball passing home plate is much less than that of a hard ball for the reason that the hard ball travels a greater distance, is heavier In proportion to its diameter and therefore generates greater momentum. Q. When and by whom was St. Paul, Minn., named?—C. G. Y. A. In 1841 the future city of St. Paul was marked by a crude chapel dedicated by Father Lucien Gaultier to Saint Paul, Apostle of the Nations. The place came to be known as Saint Paul's Landing and later was shortened to St. Paul. Q. What is the purpose of planting mustard in orange groves?—D. R. S, A. Mustard is planted in the orange groves of California as a winter cover crop to prevent soil erosion and also provide vegetable material for the soil. Q. Who discovered the Galapagos Islands?—T. V. B. A, The islands were discovered accidentally by the Bishop of Panama in 1535, when his ship was blown off its course during a voyage between Panama and Peru. Q. What is bran?—L. L. A. Bran is made from the broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain, separated from the flour or meal by sifting or bolting. Q. When was the first sulky plow made?—T. T. A. The sulky plow was invented in 1864 by Robert Newton, who sold 26 of the machines in Illinois in 1865. Q. Where in the Bible is the reference to holy water?—P. H. A. Ezekiel 36:25 refers to holy water as the natural symbol of spiritual purification. i Q. Does Tokyo lie north or south of Washington, D. C.—P, P. N. A. Tokyo is 3 degrees of latitude south of Washington, D. C. Q. When did Neville Chamberlain use the now famous words "peace in our time"?—C. N. L. A. The words were spoken by Mr. Chamberlain to the crowd outside No. 10 Downing street, Lxmdon residence of the prime minister, on his return from the Munich conference, September 30, 1938. Q. Were the old Currier & Ivea prints colored by hand?—S. O'F. A. Practically all the old prints were pulled from stones and colored by hand. Toward the end, the old Currier & Ives tried some color lithography but it was not very ex-* tensive or satisfactory. Q. Should a soldier remove his cap aen talking to a lady?—O. B. B. A. The War Department says that if a soldier IB under arms he should keep his cap on when talking to a woman either indoors or outdoors. If he is not armed, he should remove his cap. Q. What was the per capita cost of running our government in thf early days?—T. E, F. A. For the first year the government was organized—1789—the per capital cost was approximately 20 cents. Q. What does the silver star in a service flag represent?—C. R. A. A. The use of a silver star on a service flag is not official. Therefore, it could mean whatever the person displaying the flag Intended it to mean. Q. Where can a Bluejackets' Manual be purchased?—C. D. M. A. The Bluejackets' Manual. * United States Navy (1943) may be purchased from the United States Naval Instiute, Annapolis, Md., for $1.25. Q. Why is o'clock spelled with an apostrophe?—B. W. H. A. The apostrophe represents the omission of letters. O'clock is a contraction of the words, of the clock. A rmd«r can get the tnawrr to any quettioa of fact by writing Tb* Bakmfleld CtUfornUn Inform* t Ion Bureau. 818 Vy» Btmt, N. K..J Wuhincton, 3. D. C. WMM MfltoM Urn u«au foe npty. «.:-• .1 . rV ^ ^.-/ r h -

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