The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 27, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Wednesday, September 27, 1944
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ALLIES SMASH INTO ALBANIA •* # ARNHEM SKY TROOPS RESCUED THE WEATHER Temperature High yeBterdny inn Low today 65 Rainfall , Season (Airport) T Year ago (Alrpqrt) „ _ T Season (Land Company) „ T Year ato (Land Company) T Forecast Clear with little change In temperature today and Thursday. Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 27, 1944 14 PAGES No. 50 Allies Advance to Maas British Drive to Split Holland Gains; Supply Road Won LONDON, Eept. 27. UP)— Allied troops advanced to the Maas river before Germany on a 40-mile front in the swelling invasion of Holland .today, but the epic battle for Arnhem was over with the withdrawal of survivors of the British airborne division after a bloody, nine-day battle. The front to the south exploded anew, with United States Third Army troops capturing a mont bridge to erne of the key fortresses guarding the formidable bastion of The remnants of the British "Red Devil" sky troop division retreated across the Neder Rhine near Arnhem Monday night, it was disclosed. The division was unsuccessful 1n the mission of holding the bridge on this last great water barrier to the German Ruhr, but its gallant stand against crushing Nazi power had eped the deep and broadening invasion of The Netherlands. A radio dispatch said at least 2000 tof the 7000 to 8000 men had escaped the pocket. A correspondent with the division said the Britons infiltrated in small groups through German lines to the shore of the river, then crossed to the south bank in - pssault boats. Supreme headquarters gave no Information on how many men of the division — normally 9000 strong — were saved, but said the wounded Were left behind. (German broadcasts declared 1500 were killed and 6400 captured.) Lost Rhine Gamble The setback, at the hands of furious German counterattacks that ringed off the gallant division and prevented the British Second Army's land drive from achieving a junction In rescuing force, lost a gamble to win quickly a crossing of the upper Rhine for a flanking drive into Germany around the upper end of the Siegfried Line. The Allied campaign in Holland now had thrust up a BO-mile-long corridor from Belgium, and was rapidly broadening out east and west. Two penetrations had been made into Germany east of Nijmegen and west of Kleve, upper end of the Siegfried Line. An Associated Press front dispatch declared the battle of Holland was slowly but surely swinging against the Germans. The enemy apparently was resigned to defending the Maas (Meuse) river in southwestern Holland as part of its line protecting the Reich. British and Belgian troops Driving eastward had reached the Maas at points along a 40-mile front. A British column carried to Boxmeer, 13 miles southesast of Nijmegen and 13 southwest of Kleve. It spread 5 miles south along the river's west bank to Goreningen, and was fight- .ing within 3 miles of Germany. Belgians Reach Maas Belgians reached the Maas 30 miles farther south on a 10-mile front between Wessem and Dilsen, within •eight of the Reich. A solid front was being closed along the river from Boxmeer to Dilsen. The British "Red Devil" Division had made the deepest penetration of the heavy-scale airborne landings carried out a week ago Sunday. It engaged crack enemy forces, enabling other elements 9 miles south to hold the bridge at Nijmegen on the lower Rhine, and speeding development of the invasion into Holland by the British Second Army, Field Marshal Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's headquarters declared. From a once narrow corridor repeatedly cut or menaced by the enemy, the Allies now had broadened out 10 miles or deeper on each side. The push to split Holland was widened. A second supply road north ward was secured. In the westward pushes, the British shoved out 10 miles to the town of Oss, 16 miles southwest of Nijmegen. Farther south, a British formation drove west from Eindhoven and 'linked with the right flank of the Canadian First Army near Aren- donck, forming a solid assault line through Turnhout to Antwerp. . American air freighters carried reinforcements and supplies into Holland yenterday. Berlin reported fresh British airborne landing! yesterday southeast of Nijmegen and near Veghel. Nad Airmen Strike The German air force, steadily •merging from Its reluctant-dragon role, hit harder at Allied road* and column*, but Allied fighters downed CoBUniMd on P*f» Two L. mmi^:^ ^.i^mmm^^iimmmimKi ^mm? j —Cnlifornian NBA Telephoto. YANKS BOMB MINDANAO—Smoking and burning from direct hits and near misses by bombs of navy Helldivers and Avengers, ships and shore installations at Mindanao rock under blows struck by Admiral Halsey's powerful Third Fleet warplanes during strike at central and southern Philippines. More than 200 Nip planes were destroyed in this attack. England Thwarted Hitler's 1940 Invasion Try With Sea of Flame, Reporter Reveals EDITOR'S NOTE—Hitler's preatest mistake was not his failure to invade Great Britain In the fall of 1940. The following dlapatcb from Belifiujn reveals that he tried but failed. PaiTls covered the exiled novelnm»«l» ir. London for three and ;> halt years and has intimate contacts with tbeir members not available to other reportern. By JOHN A. PARRIS United Press War Correspondent LONDON, Sept. 27.—Adolf Hitler did try to invade Great Britain in the fall of 1940, after France capitulated and the British army lost its armament at Dunkerque, and the British islands appeared defenseless. He tried it on September 1C and the Royal Air Force met his invasion fleet in the channel, setting it and the sea afire. Thousands of his soldiers were burned to death or maimed for life. Belgian nurses and doctors who cared for his wounded confirmed the rumors periodically , current since 1940. Their stories recalled the heavy attack the R. A. F. made continuously on the "invasion barges" in the French channel ports In September, 1940, and knocked the props from the war theorists who maintain Hitler's greatest mistake was his failure to invade Britain when Britain was "weak" and "defenseless." They gave the theorists their answer: Debacle Called Nightmare Hitler tried—and failed. The British defense was simple. R. A. F. bombers coated the sea with oil, and incendiary bullets ignited the oil and turned the channel into a sea of flame. Belgians with whom I talked were surprised to learn that the British and American publics never had been told of the invasion attempt which they said was common knowledge in Belgium. Renee Meurisse, a Belgian Red Cross nurse, who was in charge of caring for Belgian refugees at the time, told me: Bodie Washed Ashore "During- the day of September 17," she said, "we heard rumors that thousands of bodies of German soldiers were being washed ashore along the Belgian beaches. "That night at 7 o'clock a German Red Cross train of 40 coaches pulled into the Brussels station. We had been expecting a Belgian refugee train and were surprised when we saw it was a German one. "A German officer, who looked tired, approached me and asked If we could give aid to his wounded. Call for More Nurses "We sent a call for more nurses and ambulances and began taking the wounded from the train," she said. "The moans and screams were' terrible. "I helped carry one young German soldier from the train to the stretcher. He was horribly burned about the head and shoulders. "The doctor and I placed this particular soldier in a corner and we decided we could find out what had happened. We began by asking him about his mother and then about his sweetheart. After each answer I asked him: 'Where DE1Y SCHEDULES WEST VIRGINIA ADDRESS TO ANSWER F. D. R. TALK WAR PAST CRISIS, JOBS FOR SERVICEMEN NOW PARAMOUNT QUESTION, PLATFORM CROWD TOLD EX ROUTE TO ALBANY WITH DEWEY, Sept. 27. 05")—Homeward bound from his western wars on the New Deal, Governor Thomas E. Dewey gave renewed indications todny that he is ready for a swift counterattack against expected new blasts on the Republicans by President Roosevelt. Dewey announced he plans to speak in West Virginia on October 6, just one day after Mr. Roosevelt takes to the air for a talk to Democratic party rallies. The New York governor smilingly told a news conference yesterday that he had been apprised of the President's radio date. (In New York, the Republican national committee anounced the West Virginia address would be made at TO REBROADCAST TONIGHT— Governor Thomas E. Dewey's "fighting" Oklahoma City speech will be rebroadcast by Mutual networks from 9:45 to 10:15 tonight for Oregon, Washington and California. The broadcast will be carried by Station KPMC. Bakersfield. Charleston and would be broadcast nationally over NBC from 9 to 9:30 p. m., eastern war time.) When a reporter remarked that the lapse of time was*BO short between the two there might not be sufficient opportunity to prepare an answer to anything the President might say, Dewey observed that he had written his Oklahoma City speech, delivered Monday night, in 12 hours. Due to arrive in Albany at 9:15 a. m., eastern war time, Thursday, Dewey apparently was planning . Continued on Pu«» Two BASEBALL NATIONAL LEAGUE At New York— R. H. E. CINCINNATI 8 11 0 NEW YORK 192 Batteries: Walters and Mueller; Voiselle. Rosso («), Barthelson (9) and Berrcs. At Brooklyn— R. H. E. ST. LOUIS 274 BROOKLYN 3 6 1 Batteries: Byerly and W. Cooper; King and Bragan. At Boston— R. H. E. PITTSBURGH 3 12 0 BOSTON 472 Batteries: Strincevich, Cuccurullo (5) and Camelli; Javery, Hutchings (9) and Poland. AMERICAN LEAGUE At Detroit— R. H. E. PHILADELPHIA 050 DETROIT 4 11 0 Batteries: Newsome and Hayei; Newhouser and Richards. PERSUADERS WINSLOW, Ariz., Sept. 27. C*>— The Reverend George B. Curtis said he has found a use for two native war clubs sent him by his soldier son in the South Seas. They might be used, he explained, to pound religious theories into the head* of the unbelieving. Two other souvenirs, however, leave the minister •tumped—jrasg akirta. were you going when this happened?' Pieced Together Story "Finally, we pieced together the whole story. He said they had been told they were going to invade Britain, that nothing could stop them and that it was just a matter of getting into the boats and going across the channel. "He said: 'It was horrible. The whole channel was in flames. The British bombed and machine- gunned us, H couldn't be worse.' "And then he died there on the stretcher. "We cared for more than 500 soldiers. Many of them died there in the Brussels station. Miss Meurisse said other nurses told her that other soldiers had told them that "thousands of us started out and we expected to be in England tonight with the British conquered." From other sources I pieced together the story of German preparations for the invasion. I was told in Antwerp that the Germans had concentrated hundreds of barges which had been used on the Rhine and other continental rivers. They were self-propelled, about 160 feet long and capable of carrying about 150 soldiers each. The British never announced an attempt at invasion, but the air ministry said, very laconically, on October 19, 1940 "many German troops embarked but later were taken off their ships." LEAGUE PLAYOFF DECIDED BY COIN PLACES FOR GAMES IN EVENT OF TIE SET ST. LOUIS, Sept. 27. (UP)—The game between the St. Louis Browns and the Boston Red Sox, last of a series, was delayed toda> until 8 p. m., because of wet grounds. ST. LOUIS, Sept. 27. (UP.)—In the event the St. Louis Erowns and Detroit Tigers end the regular American League season in a tie a one- game playoff will be held in Detroit, it was decided today by the flip of a coin. A newspaper reporter in the Chicago offices of Will Harridgc, president of the American League, tossed the coin and the pitch was called in St. Louis by Donald L. Barnes, president of the Browns. Disinterested parties held a long- distance telephone line open between the two cities. The unusual manner of deciding the playoff was agreed upon yesterday in a telephone conversation between the Browns, Tigers and the New York Yankees, all of whom have a mathematical chance to win the league flag. Should the Browns and the Yankees tie, the playoff would be held in St. Louis on Monday, October 2. it was decided. If New York and Detroit tie, the deciding game would be played In Detroit. In the event of a three-way tie, the principals decided, details for a playoff would be worked out in a few days. Gross receipts in the deciding game would be divided equally between the participating clubs, after the American League cut is deducted Anshan Hit Again by B-29s Nip Radio Tells of New Peleliu Landing on Eastern Shore By United Press China-based American B-29 Superfortresses struck An- shan in Japanese-occupied Manchuria for the third time in a daylight attack yesterday, while other Superfortresses attacked Darien, Manchuria, and Loyang and Kaifeng in occupied China, the Twentieth Bomber Command reported today. Japan announced today that American troops lauded Monday morning on the eastern .shore of Peleliu, coming ashore from vessels which penetrated the Garu- doruko breakwater. Radio Tokyo in a broadcast recorded by United Press in San Francisco said the landing was made Monday from ships of a naval unit which had appeared the previous day in the Kosusoru strait to the north of the Palau islands. Said Force Sighted (An earlier Tokyo broadcast recorded by United Press said a large American task force had been sighted north of Peleliu Sunday and was under "surveillance.") Results of the Anshan mission, aimed at Japanese steel production, were not known because the bombing was accomplished under a heavy cloud cover, the communique said, but observed results of the other raids were reported good by returning crews. None of the big bombers was lost on the mission, the communique reported. Steel Center Anshan is the second largets steel producing center of the Japanese empire, ranking next to the great steel center of Yawata, Japan, which also has been attacked in other Superfortress raids. Anshan was attacked first on July 29, by Superfortresses and the raid was repeated on September 8. Dock areas were attacked at Darien, one of the large ports in Manchuria. In Loyang and Kaifeng, cities in the Japanese-occupied portion of China, military targets were attacked. Enemy antiaircraft fire in all the raids was reported weak, the com- munique said, and fighter opposition was light. Beleaguered (Japanese forces were cut up Into two isolated pockets on the western coast of Peleliu today by army troops, who breached the center of the enemy positions while marines hammered at both ends of the line. Less than 2000 Japanese were believed holding out inline two pockets on the Island's coral ridges, where they were righting viciously from caves and pillboxes. 5,500 I 1 . S. Casualties Headquarters disclosed that the co-mt of enemy dead on Peleliu and nearby Angaur hail now reached 8288, while American casualties in the first 11 days of the campaign totaled 5500, including dead, wounded and missing. The United States casualties consisted of: Killed—marines 580, army 106; wounded—marines 3639, army 769; missing—marines 401, army 5. FLASHES MACHINERY RATIONING ENDS BERKELEY, Sept. 27. (UP) — The end of rationing of farm machinery in California was announced today by Dave Davidson, chairman of the state committee of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration. The order removing all farm machinery except corn pickers from the rationing list was received from the Washington office of the A. A. A. The order will go Into effect September 28. ITALY, NIPS At WAR ROME, Sept. 27. (UPJ—Count Giovanni Vlcontl Venosta, Italian foreign undersecretary, accused the Japanese today of brutally mistreating Italian diplomatic personnel and said "we consider ourselves at war with Japan." 20 LIBERATORS SHOT DOWN LONDON, Sept. 27. (UPJ—The German Luftwaffe threw more than 100 fighter planes at a single group of 40 Liberator bombers attacking Kasyel, Germany, today, and shot down half, if not more, of the American raiders in one big sweep. ® DIES—Aimee Semple McPherson, founder of the Angelus temple In Los Angeles and widely known evangelist, died shortly before noon today in Oakland. Her death was attributed to heart attack. SISTER AIMEE DIB IN OAKLAND HEART DISEASE FATAL TO FAMOUS EVANGELIST Powerful Force Smashes Inland on Balkan Front Troops Strike Into Islands Off Yugoslavia in Drive to Close Gap Between Tito's Men, Red Army; Nazi Garrison of Himra Destroyed By REYNOLDS PACKARD United 1'ress War Correspondent ROME, Sept. 27.—Allied invasion forces struck across the; Adriatic by air and sea into Albania and the islands off Yugoslavia today and drove inland on a broad front. Allied headquarters announced that seaborne and airborne troops of the land forces of the Adriatic carried out the invasion of the Balkans, knocking another hole in the southern rim of Adolf Hitler's cracking fortress. Nazi broadcasts said powerful Allied forces swept ashore along a broad reach of the Adriatic shoreline stretch- OAKLAND. Sept. 27. (UPJ— Aimee Semple McPherson, 54, who as "Sister Aimee" of Los Angeles evangelism converted thousands to her Foursquare Gospel Church and once disappeared in a 34-day "kidnaping." died today of heart disease at the Lea-.nington hotel. Mrs. Mel'herson. acknowledged mistress of Hallelujah Revivalism for nearly two decades, collapsed and died shortly before noon while an inhalator squad of the Oakland fire department vainly tried to revive her. Inhalutor Squad Two physicians, munitioned by Hotel Manager II. B. Kllngensmlth, were in attendance when Mrs. McPherson succumbed. Klirigensmith had been notified by Angela Sid, personal maid to Mrs. McPherson, that her employer had collapsed in bed. When the physicians arrived they called the inhalator squad, but by that time she was beyond help. Mrs. McPherson was in Oakland for a little-publicized church appearance when she was stricken in her room. Since her much-discussed kid- naping in 1926. marriages and divorces and great evangelistic festl- v 'Is at the Angelus Temple in Los Angeles, Mrs. McPherson had gradually dropped out o£ the public eye. Continued on Puge Two Singer Returns from France "Moo" Circuit HOLLYWOOD. Sept. 27. OP)— Blues Singer Dinah Shorn reports: "I'm back from the moo circuit. We played in the best cow pastures j in France. "The Germans have a secret weapon all right. It's the Normandy dust. I'd get so full of it that when I sung I founded 'Ike a foghorn." Her troupe gave 135 shows for doughboys. Dinah says she sang 12 to 15 songs per show, traveled by jeep and horseback, slept under a roof only six times in seven weeks— and never caught a cold. ing north .vard from Albania along the entire Dalmatian coast. Early advices indicated that the invasion was on a big scale, in contrast with the long series of harassing stabs by commando-like forces, and was aimed at closing the gap between the Adriatic, Marshal Tito's Partisans, and the Red army massed on the Yugoslav border to the east. "Seaborne and airborne troops of the land forces of the Adriatic are at present operating on a wide front in the Adriatic country, which includes Albania and islands of Yugoslavia," a communique said. "Tactical air support has been given by the Balkan air force." Coastal Komi U'on As a result of the preliminary operations, the Nazi garrison of Himra in Albania was destroyed, and the Germans were forced to give up the Albanian coastal road and send their supplies to other garrisons by small ships. For nearly two weeks landing craft of the royal navy, covered und supported by destroyers and light coastal craft, had been plying among the southern Dalmatian islands, ferrying troops and Partisans engaged in harassing a German withdrawal. "Bodies of troops also have been landed on the mainland of Albania," an official source said, indicating that the first phase of the invasion was concentrated on that tiny kingdom seized by Italy on April 7, 1939. Three Ships Sunk Coastal forces sank three German ships carrying supplies on Saturday night, a naval communique said of the Adriatic operations. Sweeping on ahead of the Invasion forces. Allied planes knocked out five of the eight rail bridges across the Danube between Budapest and Belgrade. Last night medium and heavy bombers attacked a rail viaduct at Borovnica in northwestern Yugoslavia. A Nazi broadcast said powerful American and British naval and all- forces this morning attacked islands off the Dalmatian coast, and the action still was going on at the time of the report. Partisans Help Tito's Liberation army reported that Partisans co-operated with Allied naval units to occupy the strategic island of Pag, one of the northernmost of the Adriatic islands near Istrian. Italy. Allied naval forces long have controlled the Adriatic, making it impossible for the Germans to reinforce Continued on Page Two NAZIS FLEE RIGA UNDER RED FIRE RUSSIANS NAB ALL MAIN RAILS, ROADS IN AREA 2 Years Needed to Defeat Japs, OWI Summary States AVASH1NGTOX. Sept. 27. (JP>— The job of crushing Japan Is expected to i-pquh-p an "absolute minimum" of one and a half to two years after defeat of Germany, the Office of War Information said today in a summary of war agencies' data. Indeed, the psychological effect of an end to the European war is apt to favor the Japanese rather than the Allies, OWI said, figuring it this way: "For the United States, defeat of Germany will mean that a half-way point has been reached In the global war, and will bring extensive changes in the war economy which might induce a let down in effort and morale. "Just Beginning" "To the Japanese, the end of the war with Germany will mean that Japan's war with the United Nations Is just beginning. It might well heighten Japan's determination and fighting spirit." OWI said. Its findings were based on information from the state, war and navy departments^.nd the Foreign Economic Administration. While the odds of military | strength, natural resources anil the quality of fighting forces and equipment all favor the United Nations, OWI said there are a number of factors which may enable Japan to prolong the war. Increased Production Cited These were said to include the ability of Japan to increase her production of "almost every category of war equipment and military supplies;." On the other hand, OWI related, Japan has "failed to capitalize" thus far on her conquests since Pearl Harbor, limiting war production to capacity of the Japs' prewar industrial plant. Geography is another factor fight- Ing on the side of Tokyo, OWI said, adding that before Allied might can be brought to bear it must be based within striking distance of Japan's homeland. T0"tbis end, the B-29 Fortress raids, while possible now only at periods of 10 days or more, were called a "definite advance." The agency pointed out that tremendous shipping problems must be solved before a major invasion can be launched against Japan, und Continued on Page Two MOSCOW, Sept. 27. troops were pulling hurriedly out of Riga under a storm of Riuslan bombs and shells today in a belated attempt to escape envelopment and annihilation from three powerful Soviet armies converging on the city. Panicky confusion was reported spreading through the German ranks as Soviet tanks and mobile infantry columns rolled in from alt sides, overrunning the coastal area north of Riga and threatening to snip off the narrow land corridor leading south and west to Lithuania and East Prussia. More than 300 towns and villages lying in a great arc north, northeast, east and southeast of the Latvian capital were captured by th« Russians yesterday in a whirlwind advance that won all the main railroad and highway junctions in the Riga area. Soviet warplanes completely dominated the skies over the battlefront, bombing and machine-gunning German fortifications and troop columns and harrying Nazi ships attempting to run the blockade into the Baltic sea. Two enemy transports totaling 7000 tons were sunk by Russian torpedo-bombers in the Baltic sea yesterday. Far to the south, other Russian forces pushed slowly across the Carpathian 'mountain ridges along the Slovak-Polish frontier, broadening their front on the border to 77 miles in preparation for a massive drive across Slovakia into Hungary. Silent on Hungary (The Moscow communique gave no word on the fighting along the Rumanian-Hungarian border, which Bucharest said had been crossed by a Russian-Rumanian invasion army. A Hungarian communique admitted that Axis forces were withdrawing into Hungary on an 88-mile front barely 15 miles south of Szeged, the second city of Hungary.) The Russian early morning war bulletin indicated that the Germans in Latvia were trying with little success to fight a screening action on the approaches to Riga to cover" the withdrawal of their main forces into western Latvia and down through Lithuania into East Prussia. Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 4 Arvin Theater 13 Booth's 4 Brock's 4 Casper & Krankel 10 Citizens Laundry .^.10 Coffee, Harry . 2, 10 Culliton. John W 10 Dunce Druids' Hall 13 Eastern 9' Federal 3 Flickintrer-Digier 13 Fox Theaters 13 Granada Theater 13 Ivers Furniture 13 Karpe, E. F 4 KERN I... 8 Knight, Judge Goodwin — 2 KPMC 8 Urn. T 10 Lou Ella's — 9 Martin, Freddie —.11 Montgomery Ward 5 Music Bar Supper Club. ...13 New Lincoln Market _ 4 Phillips MusicuCjj -5, JO. Rlalto Theater — —,»™._^1» River Theater .... ,„!» Safeway 6 The Stamp Shop „ „ V Union Cemetery — 7, 13 Virginia Theater ,.1S Waill's „ ^J » « estern Auto Supply—' _ .„ 6 'helden'B Market ...,..-£.....»,.,„. *

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