The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 26, 1944 · Page 14
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 14

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tt i«"_ • l-s Tuesday, September 26, 1944 ALFRED H ARRELL IDITOB AND il tt*r*4 in poet office «t B*k«rcfJ«id, California, an ne< mall under the act of Congrr«a» March 8. 1879. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A»oc)ated Prena U exclusively entitled to the u»r for tfoa of all new* di»pa tehee credited to It nr not otherwise credited ta tbie paper, and aleo the local newe published therein. Tb« Bakerafield Calffornlan )e also A client of the United Press and receive* ita complete wire service. REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co., Inc. York, Chlcaeo, San Franrfoco, Lo« Seattle, Portland. Denver WASHINGTON. D. C., The Huktn Service. WRthtr.gtnn. D. C. carrier or mail (In advance) In poatal zone* one. per month, S5c; she months, 15.10; one ywir, 19.00. portal zone* four to eight, per month. $1.05. two, three. By mail in HOW TO REDUCE s, lization of VERY thoughtful citizen is convinced Hint our postwar position will nol reach its full strength unless attention js given to industry as it affects husincss, both large and small. This conclusion is emphasized by a recent statement bv Senator Harrv F. ^^e/ ev *• Byrd of Virginia, who has made valued contribution to a proposed program needful to rebuilding the nation along industrial lines. Says that senator: "The very foundation of our representative democracy rests upon the system of private enterprise, the right of every citizen to labor in his own interests. The support of the government must come from the earnings of our citizens through their industry and thrift. The sooner we realize that Hie government, itself, has no wealth except the wealth of the individual citizens, that the government has no money to pay its bills except such as conies from either the credit or taxation of our ciliz the sooner we will come to a the disastrous and continued deficits and increases in the public debt." The taxpayers in all lines of activity who meet the government burdens now imposed must look with misgiving to the future as they consider tl>al the dcbl will have passed 300 billions of dollars before the war is ind us. It is obvious that what the wage- earners and the small businessmen all arc >d upon for taxes beyond their means, and larger business institutions which pay practically their full profits into government coffers, recognize that the situation that will develop in the effort lo meet the nation's obligations is one that will militate against progress and prosperity in the future. And that emphasizes the need for a reduction in expenses of maintenance which have naught to do with the conduct of the war. But we can, if we seek one of the causes of waste in this Democracy of ours, find it in bureaucracy. Once upon a time no longer ago than 1932 the now President said: "I accuse this (the Hoover) administration of now estimated that a million and a half men under General Eisenhower are engaged in daily crippling the enemies' power of resistance. With that force available there is nothing in the situation to encourage the German army officers; and certainly the people, themselves, cannot long be misled bv official \r ** propaganda desogned to strengthen morale. It may be that we shall not achieve victory in the next 30 days, as has been foretold by well-informed observers, but we have the right to conclude that the year 1911 will » r w see an end to enemy resistance in Europe, including all fronts where battles are now being waged. VICTORY FOODS FAIR AI.K of a Southdown lamb at $11.75 a pound is believed to have set a national record as the Victory Foods Fair was concluded here with great success. The lamb was raised by a "Future Farmer," and the fact that the animal was pronounced the grand champion of the fair indicated that the Future Farmers not only have an eye lo the future but arc economically familiar with the present as well and its realities. The (W)-pound Iamb IT turned (he young man $1057. For a boy lo have raised the fair's grand champion is to indicate thai the agricultural classes of county high schools are meeting a teaching problem with success. The livestock, exhibits, horse show and other features of the fair this year were presented with success and the approval of the large crowds attending the exhibitions. REGISTER TO VOTE ttisTiuTioN of voters will be closed in this stale on Thursday of this week. Perhaps the greatest single privilege possessed by American people is their right to ballot for their representatives and political issues. Singularly enough this privilege, with its unquestioned value, the very basis of our democratic form of government, is a right which is commonly disregarded. It is seldom that more than two-thirds of the eligible voters cast their ballots in an election. At this time it is urged that all eligible voters exercise this, one of their greatest rights, and register to vole for the forthcoming November general election with its major political issues. RANDOM NOTES Vice-President Wallace appears also to be one of those who talk without thinking. In a speech before a labor audience he refers tiering how much of that unfortuante clevel- being the greatest spending administration lo "dastardly influences" which the opposi- in all history, one which has piled bureau lion lias usecl lo set fanners against workers on bureau, commission on commission, at ( and both against industry. But we are won- the expense of the taxpayers." Well, let us look at the record. Under j opinent, if it be true, stemmed from Mr. 's administration there were created I Wallace's own management as Secretary of Agriculture through the years. He does not consider, probably, that his policies were a substantial contribution to the creating of what he says has resulted through government activities, but he does draw the con- 60 - — — - - - — — w •,- —. — — •___ —m — — •» f^ j -— '-*• m ^4 mm ^* ^V* ^-* "+.f *** •• idge, 44; under Hoover, 30; under Roosevelt, more than 2200! In July of the same year the President said: "For three long years I have been going up and down this countrj preaching that government, Federal, slate elusion that "there is just one more oppor- an I local, costs too much. I shall not stop that preaching." -Our executives and all those in official to show thai free enterprise is prog- We must do better," he says, "or step back." Slep back from where? Maybe ress. CO ilace should join in a movement to reduce ^ r - Wallace knows but he has nol convinced ts. Otherwise how shall we ever meet others. A good many people will recall his the interest, let alone pay oil the debt that administration 1 of the affairs of an important is mounting rapidly during the months and P lacc in government and now they will re- years, a part of which is in no way asso- 8 rct il lf il is lruc > *' ial " we have just one ciated with Hie winning of the war? The | mo ''^ chance lo prove that our governmental President, himself, points the way in a November address of the same year, 11KJ2, are best." he said: "The people of America demand a reduction of Federal expenditures. It can be accomplished by reducing the expenditures of existing departments, by g many useless commissions and 'There is, M said the Vice-President, "an unimaginable wealth just around the corner if we only had the courage to get it." Now n just exactly what docs that mean? \Vas Cr0 aled bv the icMcs of the forme c . r *• i. i • M an/i fnri,.t; n r.c. ~. i i i- i i- secretary of Agriculture and is the question and i unctions and by consolidating ,. * « , , , . . , .« m *• v7 i f^ 9 *i*~hivftiai^V *x .*•*«* j-* m I *•* •»» .* J yx *•« * •-* • »-^ * •-»«•.-•. I ^ • «*. *rM*r • • « A. many activities of government. That was sound and wholesome doctrine in 1932; it slill expresses a great truth. Is there any hetler time to begin than now? of courage or of leadership involved? The farmers will nol be in agreement as to his conclusion; they are mor;e likely to think about what Mr. Wallace did and what he did With u <&irif.j>vn ««Vi,-i ,,.~ \ * no * *'° t' uin *' 1CV arc lo accent his finding VMin a sinceie cnorl we can make great ... - . .. * mvir* ••<*<: C KXT ior>,,,>».,, f r 4 1 • progiess jby January oi the coming year. It would be heartening it 1 the green light were turned on, not tomorrow nor Ihc day after, but now. u f THE INVADING ARMY F IT is true, as is claimed, thai n majority of the population of Germany is still supporting Hitler and those who surround him that sentiment is nol applicable lo German military officers who are in position lo know jijst what their country faces in the crucial I^K __ i now in progress. Indeed, most of our own people are not too now that progress is a question of courage here in America. _ A convention of his fellows refused the Vice-President a rcnomination in Chicago last July but that does nol discourage him in Hie least. He points lo the situation as it will develop in Russia when the war is Tie says ** there will be no unemploy- over. ment" there and the United States must " do CO informed Allied One s under correspo [an tere I in Normandy when the To this substantial army i 20.000 to 30.000 mm dny, for more than a month, the average ssibly 25,000. All this foots up to a total invading army of 900,000, including i, British and Canadian divisions. Those are Uie figures for a month and it is better or step back." It will be interesting to have this advocate of a Fourth term, and to whom a second term was denied, explain what there is about the situation in Russia thai will be more favorable to its population than that existing in the United States. He is right iu speaking of our wealth as "unimaginable" but we are doubtful if there will be agreement that it is "around the corner." It will not be around the corner if industry is given an opportunity to expand. It will be around the corner and farther away than that if the policies that found favor with the former Secretary of Agriculture are still continued or will do what the speaker now deprecates, thai is, set fanners against workers and both against industry. Tk e W a ir* JL HP J 1 od EDITOR'S NOTB— Until Much time ae Ernie Pyle'i column 1» resumed following hie vacation, thla apace will be used for war feature etoriee. y J. M. ROBERTS, JR. By Associated Press Berlin reports that the Nazis expect. an early resumption of the L'nited States Third Army's drive for the Rhine. If Hitler's high command is as smart as we think it is, it pxpr-cts a, whole lot more than that. Whether through the fortuitous workings of Allied planning or through the coincidence of growing (Jerrrmn weakness and our successful drives for position, the Reich la now pocketed within an almost continuous flprJp* of fronts which promise to blaze into climactic action simultaneously. While the Russians have been pressing 1 their Baltic ^nd Balkan campaigns, cleaning up German forces which to a considerable extent are already out of the war, they undoubtedly have been massing strength for the eastern front payoff — the cutting off of East Prussia and a renewal of the drive toward Krakow, 35 miles ahead and 40 miles from German Silesia. In the west the Allies have had .Hist about enough time to solidify their gains and reorganize their supply. Many rear echelons which were in England until a few days ago are now in France. German forces in western Holland are reporting retiring an masse through the gap north of Arnhem, who.se capture will probably signal the big push. After the bitter nine-day fight which shattered the Gothic Line, the Allies in Italy may need a breather, but not a lung one. The Nazis there appear to be through and the next battle probably will be one to prevent their escape through the Alps. The hattJe for the Balkans continues largely as a cleanup operation. It's a sort of private war. but is consuming Nazi strength sorely needed in the east and west. That is likely to be its final role. If renewed drives for the Rhine, East Prussia and Silesia do develop simultaneously, all the old favorite terms for describing broad military action will be out of date. It won't be a pincers movement, for you don't "pincer" with sledgehammers. The one about the "upper and nether millstones" won't do, because neither force will be static. It will be more like the great, multiple-ton presses of America's war induntry, turning out the material which will be rolling toward Berlin from both sides. By HAL BOYLE WITH UNITED STATES TROOPS IX FRANCE, Sept. 19. (Delayed) OP) Everybody in the American Army is pleased with the supplies taken in captured German dumps except the "cabbage kids," That is the name one detail gave themselves after being assigned to remove a couple of tons of cabbage left by the precipitate Nazi retreat from the Paris area. It was a warm, sunshiny afternoon and the strong, overripe cabbage made its presence widely known as the soldiers shoveled it into a truck. The driver of the "Red Ball Cabbage Special" T/5 Half K. Grouse, of Maiden, N. C., who said he had already carted away one truckload and was bemoaning the fact that it was not a load of Luger pistols so he could have stockeo^ up on souvenirs. "But you can't mail your friends a boxful of German cabbage," he said leaning against a lire and holding his nose. Another unusual job for soldiers was performed by army engineers who built three t'erriea and operated a passenger service for troops and vehicles across the Loire. AH bridges had been knocked out by Allied planes or blown up by French Maquis to trap German forces in southern France. Ferry vehicles were made by putting pieces of tread way bridging across six assault boats lashed together. They were powered by small outboard motors whose efficiency amassed French farmers. They couldn't see how such a little putt- putt gadget could work so well. The ferries were promptly named the "Forty-second Street," "Broadway" and "Hoboken. 1 "We can take a ton and one-half ambulance across, 1 said Corporal Michael Suprock, of St. Clair, Pa. Their most "distinguished" passenger was Major-General Erich {Sister. who surrendered the last 20,000 enemy troops south of the Loire. But his 20,000 troops walked across a bridge which had been repaired and put into service soon after. y woo uimn (By ERSKINE JOHNSON> Son.la Heine of the baby face and the pink dimpled knees is back on thin ice. Green ice. The movie is Internationals "It's a Pleasure,'* and it's a pleasure seeing little Sonja back in grease paint again after a year's absence. This time the writers saved themselves a lot of headaches. They cast Sonja as an ice skating star. After six years of Hollywood stardom, getting the little lady on and off the ice and still sticking to the story was quite a problem. The authors of one of her movies, you may recall, gave up in disgust. After wrecking six typewriters and losing a month's sleep, they had Rudy Vallee toss some paper snow into the air. The camera did a quick spin and there was Sonja spinning with a chorus of 150 boys and girls to the accompaniment of a IGO-plece orchestra. It didn't make sense. They're doing it the easy way in "It's a Pleasure." The opening scene establishes La Henie as an ice skating star, dressed in a costume as skimpy as the censors will permit and skating on green ice. She's married to an ice hockey star, played by Michael O'Shea. They meet on ice, have thlr first kiss on ice, are married on ice and live happily ever after on ice. A pretty frigid deal, but nobody goes around throwing paper snow in the air. ____ "It's a pleasure," Sonja said. "It was getting .so bad 1 figured it would be only a matter of time before they would have me walking into a cocktail bar, ordering a drink and then skating on the ice cubes/' A recent dispatch from New York said Sonja and her husband, Marine Captain Dan Topping, are planning to purchase the New York Yankees baseball team. Sonja wouldn't talk. "It's cookln*," was all she'd say. But rector Sonja Director William Setter was direct- Ing- Sonja in a scene in which she receives a bouquet of flowers from an admiring fan. She read the note: "Roses are red, "Violets are blue, "I love you." it came out "wiolets." Di- Seith chuckled and chided about her accent. Sonja grinned right back and said; "I speak better English than you do. It's only because I've been vorking so hard." It broke up the set. Sonja has been "vorking" hard. She reheased her skating numbers for three months. She's never satisfied with herself. Neither is her mother, who always sits on the sidelines when Sonja skates. Sonja also dances in this picture. With Don Loper as her partner. It is the most elaborate dance routine she's ever attempted on the screen. "On the ice skates I don't worry," she said . "But on my feet I worry," There's a good-looking screen newcomer in the film named Bill Johnson who tries to straighten out Sonja's matrimonial difficulties when Husband Michael O'Shea starts hitting the bottle. Producer David Lewis borowed Bill from M-G.M, where he was signed after clicking opposite Ethel Merman on Broadway in "Something for* the Boys." Biggest problem so far on the picture was getting an audience to watch Sonja skate. Extras, as you know, are scarce these days. They shot the skating routines at the Wes t wood Vi ilage ice rink, w hich doubled for Aladison Square Garden. The casing office couldn't supply enough people to fill the grandstand. So assistant directors went out on the street and pleaded with people to come inside and' watch Sonja skate at $11.50 a day. Copyright. 1944, NKA Service, Inc. TL e R J »17 • • ^ eaders' Viewpoint £i)IXOU'B NOTE—Lfttert ihould t» limited to 150 worUt; may attack Idea* out am persona; must not be abuslre and ahouJd be written Icvlbly and on onaiidt of thr paper. The CaHforaian la not responsible for the sentiment* contained therein and rt*er?» the rluht to rejeot any lettera, Letter* mmt beat in authentic adktaai and algnature. although the** will be withheld U desired. YOUTH AND HOURS Editor The Callfornlan: It is altogether fitting and proper that the citizens of our fine community should be fully concerned with labor problems involving our youth. Doubtlessly, the present world con- 1'lk-t has created a minor labor shortage, but I do not feel that this shortage is so acute eo as to keep our young boys of school age working as l.-ite as 2 o'clock in the morning. J give you as an example the typicaj "pin-boy." The majority of these "pin-boys" range frcnn the age of lli to 16. No doubt this subject has been discussed before, but it is obvious that it needs to be brought before the public once mure. These outrageous hours which a "pin-boy" Is forced to keep in order to muke any money aren't only detrimental to his scholastic standing, but also show a marked effect upon his physical fitness. It see in H that there should be other types of employment other than thusp demanding such late hours. Tlu 4 8« boys are minor?, and, unless I am badly mnitaken. there are certnin statutes of labor laws which prohibit the employment of minors under IS years of age later than 10 o'clock, 1 feel that the cltl- y.cns o£ Bakorst'MU should demand immediate action. Anxiously awaiting action on this issue, we remain, yours truly. .JACK RUSSELU GEORGE FROST. LANDLORDS Editor The California!!: I'm a great reader of your Californian, und must fcay I think it a grand paper, but there's a few "want ada" you have in every day that I don't think are so "hot/* For instance, "Houses Cor Uent, 1 ' especially the ones where the landlords don't vyant anyone with chil* dren to live In their vacant houses. What's the matter with people nowadays? Don't they realize thar they, too, were once children, and thai children more so than anyone else need a root 1 over their heads. And another thing, "landlords," don't you realize that the children of today are the "soldiers and nurses of tomorrow?" If a strange and lonely dog should come to your home, would you turn him out without a roof over his head, and no one to care for him? Frankly 1 don't think you would, and neither would I. And neither would I turh a child down If it didn't have a root' over its head and that's exactly what most of the landlords do nowadays. They flatly refuse to rent a couple a house if they have any children. In other words, most of them seem to care more for dogs than they do for poor innocent children. Think it over. "JUST ANOTHEK MOTHER." McFarland. Calif, ABOUT DOGS Editor The Callfornian: It seems to me that m these days of war, strife, heartaches and star- vations in distant lands we could find more appropriate places to spend money than to open a humane society. It may be a little difficult to find an experienced person with a dog's interest at heart. He might want to do some kind of war work instead of playing: nursemaid to a bunch of dogs. These are busy days. Every neighborhood has a pest. We have onc£—it'a a yellow dog who howls all night, makes himself a general nuisance and eats rationed meat. I have never known anyone personally who enjoyed seeing an animal suffer. There IB a happy medium In everything. Let us be more concerned for the welfare of the human race. The Bible sayn the price of a dog is an abomination to God. I have my own opinion of a dog owner who addresses his or her dog "honey." I'm not a dog hater, but don*t call me a dog lover. When I want a faithful comi>anion, I won't choose a dog. Now it's time to put In a good word for the dogs—they don't spread gossip. MRS. M. K. Y. Bakensfield, September 21, 1944. From tKe Files of The Californian TEX YEARS AGO (The CaliCorntan. this date. 1934) Headlines: Grand Jury Indicts Hauptmann: Colonel Lindbergh's Testimony Heard: $840 More Ransom Money Found Hidden in Man's Garage. Dr. and Mrs. C. Marsili and little daughter. Constance, returned recently from a two-day stay in Los Anpreles. "W. A. Hallock was elected president of Bakersfield Community Orchestra when 50 musicians met last night. Mrs. R\Jth Garrison Taber sang: in "The Mikado," a light opera that Is pleasing Los Angeles music-lovers this week, Les Arnold, game warden here, penetrated far into the deer country with Jess Haberkern when he suddenly discovered that he had left his rifle at home. Lloyd Stroud. Dick Pew, Elmer Condley and Jimmie Coit have returned from Stony Meadow country above Fairview with four big bucks. TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Californlan. this date, 192O The Reverend Frederick \V. Hatch, pastof of First Christian Church for five years, has accepted a call to Santa Monica and his successor will be chosen Sunday. Leslie Robinson has been chosen to fili the place of Maurice Hall as drill captain for Sciot's Pyramid. Norman Applegarth was elected debating manager for junior college Thursday. John R. Qulnn, Idol of Delano and pa.st national commander of American Legion, was welcomed to his home city last night. A reception and dedication of Merle Reed Post, Legion hall, are to be events of his stay. Malcolm Brock Company has filed articles of incorporation with the county clerk's office. Supervisor J. O. Hart has returned from a 10-day vacation at Santa Cruz. is raging at Anglo-French lines in the miles north French are THIRTY YEARS AGO (The CalUornian, this date, 1914> Headlines: Carranza Says Peace Impossible Now; Diplomats Told That Fighting Is Certain at Once; Fierce Battle Near Arizona Border Between Two Rival Factions; Evacuation of Vera Cruz Condemned. A battle of extraordinary severity the western end of and German battle region of Noyon, GO of Paris, where the striving to outflank General von Kluck's reinforced army. Rexton Reed presented a piano solo opening the freshmen reception at Greek theater last night. Among those on the committee for arrangements were Basil Herman and Perry McCutcheon. Mrs. L. A. Roberts entertained Lady Maccabees at her home last night. FORTY YEARS AGO (The California!!, this date. 1904) Burglars last night tried to gain admittance to Ardizzi Olcese store. They pried off locks but failed to enter the main building. Constable Stroble is today searching for a clue. Southern Pacific Company will build a new carpenter shop soon. Machinery is on the ground to be installed as soon as the buildings i» complete. Mrs. F. A. Tracy and her daughter, Mrs. J. M. Jameson have returned from a six-week vacation in British Columbia and northern coast states. At last night's meeting of ,Typographical Union it was unanimously voted to impose a fine of $10 on any printer patronizing a nonunion saloon. Goode Brothers report loss of another one of their cattle from careless hunters. This is the third this fall. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The California!), thin date. 3894) There is talk of organizing a camera, club in Bakersfield. The Reverend Mr. Henry left last night for Los Angeles to attend a conference. His pulpit will be filled here by the Reverend Mr, Goodall. Mrs. Jane Reed has purchased two lots west of George Week's residence on Nineteenth street and is erecting a two-story residence. The baby of W. H. Golding was ba ptized in Methodist Episcopal Church Sunday by the Reverend J. H. Henry. Editorial Note: The western portion of Kern county will some day attract more attention from the outside world than the fertile valley of the Kern Delta. There will be no returns from Rosedale precinct in the Democratic primary. One democrat appeared at the polling place, and as he could not constitute the three or more necessary for a board, he was compelled to go home without voting. SO THEY SAY I can't see a military establishment of less than two million for 5, 8 or 10 years. We will need three or four millions for the immediate future until a peace plan is established.—Senator Elmer Thomas (D-Okla.). member subcommittees on army and navy appropriations. We are getting a better response In industrial communities than we anticipated. That is one of the significant changes of the campaign.— Herbert Brownell, Jr., chairman. Republican National Committee. Bickering over postwar rights should not be permitted to delay the armistice or sully the victory. Let's finish this terrible business as a great team.—General Marshall. Our foreign policy can never be stronger or more effective than the strength of the American people at home.—Thomas K. Dewey PEN SHAFTS Shaving- the heads of women collaborationists may have a good effect. We know one mother who hopes it will make Butch haircuts unpopular. Ideas of how to punish Hitler are being printed now, so here's ours: a cell with a barb-wire rug. When Hitler said the Germans would run the world he probably only meant they would run (period). A THOUGHT FOR TODAY as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without work is dead also.—James Faith is the root ot works. A root that produceth nothing ia dead. Thoinaa Wilnon N ews N ews (By PAUL MALLON) WASHINGTON, Sept. 25.—Much, is being made of the increasingly large crowds Dewey drew in Roose-< velt territory on his western swing— 15,000 greeted him in San Francisco and 93,427, they say, heard him at Los Angeles. Some of the Republican maestres are interpreting this as a sure indication of a rise in Dewey sentiment, but long ago I lost full faith in the certainty of crowd figures as vote indicators. Not half the people who cheered Al Smith, for instance, voted for him. But the Dewey crowd figures do add verification to other indications that political apathy is coming to an end. True enough, Mr. Roosevelt did not contribute much interest to the campaign in his opening speech to the teamsters. He showed good humor and irony but raised no new issues to awaken enthusiasm. Dewey's speeches, on the other hand, are drawing increasing comment and discussion because he is making news. I never thought apathy was the right word for the attitude of the people. The people just did not know .Dewey, and did not like Roosevelt. At least they did not know Dewey'» full philosophy, exactly what alternative he would offer the country, and the New Deal, which Mr. Roosevelt developed, had grown unpopular with the country. Even Mr. Roosevelt's followers have been displeased with a great nany things he did. At any rate the Democratic campaign has largely been inside organizing, which their leaders seem to think will do the trick for them this fourth time, without rousing much outside enthusiasm. It is true the polls have shown no more than 6 per cent doubtful on an average, but I suspect that in a political situation like this one there are a great number of people who may not be telling how they intend to vote until they get their pencils in hand In the booths. That situation also developed in the Al Smith campaign of 1928 when no poll showed the southern states going to Hoover. Of course there are limitations to which an undercurrent of opposition can be expressed. In South Carolina for Instance, the voter must publicly ask either for a Democratic or a Republican ballot. That conditions may account for the fact that the Republicans always receive a smaller percentage of the vote in that state than in any other. In view of the prevailing authorities there, it takes some courage to ask for a Republican ballot. The polls nationally, therefore, may be more untrustworthy than usual, and the apathy of the electorate is likely to continue to decline as Dewey's ideas become better known. • Even the Roosevelt liberals are showing some new interest in the speeches of the New York governor, A magazine which is their weekly Bible buried htm each week with harsh words until he started on his tour. They had called him "isolationist" and "depriver of the soldiers of the right to vote," both of which claims turned sour. Now they are saying they like his foreign policy, but are asking what his stand will be on relief in the depression they claim is coming. Another interesting change in the campaign is the way the Democrats are moderating the 'indispensable man" claim they raised at the start. Some of their more fervid orators had built that notion up to the point of scaring: the wits out of the country as to what will happen to the nation of Mr. R.'s health failed or anything happened to him. No one has claimed v Mr. Truman indispensable. (World copyright. 1944, b.T KinK Futures Syndicate, Inc. Alt rights reserved. Reproduction In full or In part •trictly prohibited.) u in 21 (Bv PETER EDSON) Clare Boothe Luce has just set a record for what la probably the Hhortest speech ever delivered by any congressman or woman. Requesting unanimous consent to address the House for 10 seconds, and there being no objection, the gentlewoman from Connecticut let go with this one: "Mr. Speaker, clear everything with Sidney." Then she sat down. Democratic party chiefs are praying that the President will sail into Governor Dewey and let him have it good when the fourth term candidate makes his two political speeches. The fact is that Dewey's aggressive sniping is beginning to take effect and it is worrying Democrats no end. Democratic Chairman Hannegan. Secretary Ickes, Majority Leader McCormack and other bigwigs have tried their hands at answering Dewey's charges, claiming they are based on misinformation, half-truths or deliberate untruths. But denials never get as much attention as accusations. Also, the wilder the accusations, the more some people like to believe them. Dewey, in other words, has taken the offensive, which is a good side to be on in any political campaign. "Offensive," irritated Democrat, says one very "is right!" In the 1940 campaign against Willkle, Roosevelt tried to adopt the policy of not making many speeches and not campaigning actively. Willkie's aggressiveness forced a change in that strategy and in the closing weeks of the campaign Roosevelt had to make a lot more speeches than he had planned, finally taking over what had been intended to be a big Negro rally in Madison Square Garden, New York, and converting it into a mixed labor rally on the eve of the election. Some of the Democratic leaders in the more doubtful states are now hoping that the man in the White House won't wait too long this year. War Labor Board Chairman "William H. Davis has a new and simple explanation for the period of recon- version just ahead. "What we have to do," he says, "is turn our guns into butter and then eat the butter. 1 * Davis, in spite of the terrific punishment he has had to take in one of the most thankless jobs in Washington, still is able to keep his sense or humor. He talks about his 12- member board of industry, labor and public representatives as "the 12 prima donnas," and so explains why it may take them longer than a week to make up their minds on what to do about the labor demands to break the Little Steel formula. When Davia was asked at a press conference if his special presidential committee was completing Its cost of living report, he said wearily. "I hope to God it Is." The committee has been studying the question since last November. "I'm drawing up the report for the committee to tear to pieces," says the chairman. The tearing to pieces will be done when the board begins deliberations October 9 on modifying the Little Steel formula. ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ , Hardest government official to smoke out is Secretary of Labor Prances Perkins. Not more than a dozen reporters ever go to her press conferences, which are usually held only once a month to hand out some canned statement prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. At the most recent of these seances, reporters thought they had a chance to get Fanny on record. War Labor Board panel, reports on the labor demands to break the Little Steel formula had just been made public. What did the Secretary of Lahor think about them? She hadn't finished reading them. Did she think the Little Steel formula should be revised upward?" We would have to be very cautious. A lot of words, a lot of gesticulating with the hands, but no opinions you could hang your hat on and no news. nestioms an A ers (By The Haskin Service) Q. Why are certain soldiers permitted to wear a fourragere?— K. E, C. A. This is a French military decoration awarded certain units of the United States Army during the first World War. To receive it, a unit had to be cited twice in French orders and awarded the C rolx de Guerre with two plams. The decoration consists of a single cord braided and knotted, of yellow with green threads for four citations and of dark green with scarlet threads for two citations, terminated at the shoulder end with a buttonhole and at the free end with a ferret of blue metal. Q. How are baseball batting averages figured?—S. E. P. A. A baseball batting average Is figured by dividing the number of hits by the number of times at bat and carrying the result to three decimal places. Thus, if a batter has 3 hits in 9 times at bat, his batting average is .333. Q. What are the Green Bay Packers?—N. G. M. A. This is the name of the famous football team of Green Bay, Wis. It consists of all-American stars from colleges all over the country and is added to from year to year by other outstanding players. Q. What is the time required for the' formation of a bed of coal?— B. B. A. It 1ms been calculated that it takes at least a thousand years to form a bed of coal one foot thick. Q. How much of the population of Mexico is unable to read or write?— D, E. Q. A. About half the population over 10 years of age is illiterate. Q. Do the eyes of tye Japanese people really slant?—C. C. H. A. The apparent slant is an illusion caused by the thick fleshy fold at the inner end of the upper eyelid. Q. Approximately how* much iron is there In the Eiffel Tower? O. W. C. v A. The Eiffel Tower contains about 5000 tons of Iron. Q. What kind of a ship is the U. S. S. Feland?—A. T. S. A. The U. S. S. Feland is a transport ' Q. Where was Sidney Hillman born?—J. W. H. A. He was born at Zagare, a village in Lithuania Q. Why are doctors 1 prescriptions written In Latin?—K. J. L. A. It is because for many centuries Latin was the language of learning. At the present time, due to this fact, it is the one language which is universally studied by those engaged in the legal, medical, and many other learned professions. Consequently a French doctor would understand the terms of 'a prescription equally as well as an American doctor. Q. What is the purpose of the middle pedal on a piano? — K. N. E. A* The third pedal of a piano Is the tone-sustaining or sostenuto pedal. This, when pressed down, allows the player to prolong any note or group of notes the keys of which were already lifted when the pedal was pressed down and keeping them so until the pedal Is released. 1 - Thus one ia able to sustain a chord, leaving the hand free for other notes. Q. Please define jet propulsion. — R. G. N. A. Jet propulsion may be defined as any kind of reaction motor which develops forward thrust by the rearward emission of a jet of air, gas or liquid. Q. What were the names given to the two children born on the Mayflower?— S. O. A. The two boys were named Ocean us (ocean), and Peregrine (wanderer). Q. What are the names of the royal houses of Sweden and Norway? S. T. O. A. The royal house of Sweden is named Bernadotte. The royal house of Norway Is Schleswig-Holstein-Son- derburg-Glucksburg. Q. Where is the largest salt mine In this country?— D. E. C. A. The salt mine at Retsof t N. Y., is the largest in the western hemisphere. Q. Has a hen ever laid an egg with three yolks? — J. A. A. Trlple-yolked eggs have been reported. Q. What J* the meaning of th« name Sitka?— H. I. B, A. Sitka is a Tlingit Indian word meaning "best place." Q. How much does Governor Dewey weigh?— C. H. R. A. Governor Dewey weighs 155 pounds. A i«rt*r utn «et ,tbe tniwci Ui iny qu«tioo of f«ct by wrUIui Tb« Btktnmid CaUforaUn laforputtun Bureau. 811 &• ilrt*. K. C.. WMhinaton. x. J>, u PIMM «C!QM UUM i!) "«ir» fo- ml*.

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