The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on March 9, 1946 · Page 3
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 3

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Blytheville, Arkansas
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Saturday, March 9, 1946
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SATURDAY. MARCH 0, 19-16 BIATIIEVILLE COURIER NEWS PAGE Role Of Buffer For Manchuria Russians Unwilling To Allow Chinese To Restore Factories tdllors note: In tile fulloH inK dlspalch Reynolds I'urkiml, veteran United Press Foreign torre.s- pondent, summarizes tlie imiires- sfons of Soviet policy in >|nn- churia he gathered during Ins extended stay in (hat country. BY REYNOLDS 1'ACKAHl) United Press Staff Correspondent CHANGCHUN, Mar. 0. (UP1 — Russia appears to want Manchuria, once a great industrial center autl arsenal, reduced lo n weak stale which cannot be a threat to Siberia, The Russians arc letting trie giant industrial machine built by the Japanese during their 14 years of control fall to bits like a piece of wormy wood. This seems lo be a fulfillment of Ihc Russian desire not to have a highly developed industrial state On the southern borders of Siberia. During the months I have been ill Manchuria I haven't seen one bit of evidence that Russia is trying to reconstruct Manchuria, cvc:i for her own interests. On the contrary, I hnve noted many indications that Russia is continuing to strip these parts of heavy machinery, generators and hydraulic equipment. Th e Russians' interest in Manchuria, as far ns, 1 have been able to judge from what I've seen, i.s stripping this area of heavy ma- "hinery and sending it to Siberia iv newly created industrial areas terc. like that at Chita. All Japanese soldiers hi this men •e authoritatively reported to have 'en sent into Siberia, probably to Win as factory workers. I have seen Soviet soldiers with immyguns at both Mukden and hangchun prevent Chinese repair <perts from entering the looted nd smashed factories which the hinese municipal authorities want- J reopened. The Chinese author- ies have o.ily nominal power. Industrial life has been suspend- J throughout Manchuria. The Rus- ans are making no effort' to re- ive it, and the Chinese are not ble in most cases to enter the lants and establishments to carry ut a reconstruction program. Chinese quarters here point out nat during the Japanese occupa- ion of Manchuria, the Russians •ere compelled to concentrate hun- rcds of thousands of soldiers and inch military equipment in Siberia gainst the threat raise by the apanese. It was .suggested in some quarters hat the Russians \vould like to ct up a weak buffer state In Man- huria, while turning their inter- sts- to Europe and trie middle-caste Tliis was suggested especially be- ause of the presence of Ui- S. Mn- ines in northern China, as close o Manchuria is Ching Wang Tuo, inly 14 miles from the Breal wall •,mg the Gulf of Llaotung.' 'juch .a settlement would enable ^u.ssia' to transfer some of her Si- 3«rian troops westward. The AmcrlcarrMarinCK were cited )y the r 'Russians' in almost every :onversatioh I've hail'.with them as ;he reason why '.Soviet troops re L nain in Manchuria: The 8'st of the remarks has been. •We have just as : much right in Manchuria, which \ve took from tlic Japs, as the U. S. Marines have in China proper." Chinese industrial experts with whom I've conversed in Mukd?,n nnd Changchun generally agree in an estimate that it will take at least 15 years and more likely 20 years to raise Manchuria to the same industrial level it held when tlic "war ended eight mouths ago. In other ivords. in the past eight months the Soviets have permitted Manchuria lo go to pieces to such an extent that if. will take 15 lo 20 years for full recovery—and then only with outside assistance in the form of loans and machinery from § United States and Russia, lie only plants the Russians arc wing to operate are breweries and cigarette factories, two-thirds of whose output goes to the Soviet forces. There is continuous petty pilfering by tile poor at other factories, although guarded y Soviet soldiers. Although the Russians seem be letting' everything go to pot industrially in Manchuria, there is every indication thnt they are most interestd in backing up the position of Port Arthur and Dairen. They also seem interestri in maintaining control of the railroads for purely military nnd strategic reasons. With the Chincliow-Mukden line the only important exception the Soviets operate the rest of Ihe rail lines. They employ thousands of trained Japanese machinists and other workers. The Russians arc rcsx>rtcd to bo making the rail guage six incht^ wide in mans' places to conform with Russian Tolling stock, IVms niakiivj the lines useless for Chinese trains. Sfcifor Finds Brother S/i Okinawa Search Skyscrapers Are Bubble Pipes To Creator Of Electric Signs By BURTON BENJAMIN NKA SUlf Correspondent NEW YORK, <NEA>— If you own a building along Main Street in youj- home town. Douglas Leigh wants you to evict the tenants, .shut off the light and heat, board up the windows, fire the help and turn it into something spectacular. It might make a nice bar of soap, What about your rent? You can double it. A building turned "spectacular"—which sign-king Leigh defines ils "any sign larger than revenue, it puts an end to finicky tenants and Ulterior maintenance. As long as the walls hold up, you can sit back and watch the inside grow mouldy. How's your roof? If it's flat and your building is square, you have a potential perfume bottle. Leigh will build a cork on it. fancy up lli£ sides, and you can live in the cork, penthouse-fashion, if you like. N'n Itulldlnr Too Tall Perhaps you own one of those lall, slim buildings with a soaring tower. Yon have a cigaret In the making. If Leleh ever eels any encouragement from the Empire Stale Building people here, he plans lo build one king-size in the tower of that massive sky scraper. The cigarct would rover Ihc area from the 84lh to the 102nd floor. Steam would be pi|x?d to the tip for "smoke". The brand name would be imprinted on the building sides in letters large enough to be seeji in Jersey. In nothing flat', the Empire State Building would be Inhaling. If you don't wnnl your building to smoke. Leigh can leach It to blow bubbles or pop breakfa.'i^ food. These are other ideas for making buildings functional In this brave new kjlowatted world, adequate, Leigh can offer your edifice a spectacular sign with air coverage. This consists of a drinking glass about five stories higfi constructed on one corner of the building over which he'll moor a helium-filled balloon. Glass and balloon will be treated with phos- A11 l.cigli needs is the go-uheai signal, and he'll teach tho Empin State Building lo smoke. lights played on them. The helinir orange rains synthetic juice Into -the ylass . . . and you are on casj streel. Leigh, 35, Is a boyish-looking Alabaman who has done more. with the light bulb than anyone since Edison. He is owner of n million dollar sign business and renls his collosals for as much as $15,000 a month. His proudest creation Is the sign that blows smoke rings. He got the idea from his brother who showed him a trick several years ago. He slipped back the cellophane cover halfway on a ciyarct package, burned n hole in one side and blew smoke '"to It- By lapping the sidu opposite the hole, a per- Washington Farmnotes ft? A hoUum orange Jliifc lulo a class fiv In this imKlrsl ilns nn stories YOUMK Douglas I.clKll, Alabaman 'who liuill liKlil hiilhs inlu a million-dollar luismc-Ks feet smoke ring svns crcnlcd. HloM'S StllOkp lllU£S Leigh pounced on tlic Idea. Ho built n collecting box for smoke with n bellows Inside. A punch on the bellows nnd a smoke rlny Is born. Building ll into llio sign was easy. Leigh served ns n llculcnnnL In Ihc Nnvy cliinnn the wiir. The dimoul nearly put Win otil ot business. When (he lljshls weui on, lu> found to his .surprise thai only 'J5 |w>r cent of his bulbs hut Bone bad during three- mill n hul idle years. 'Hie iij>wcsl LelBh spt'Clnc J'.n 1 Is a cough remedy slen iienvioi, completion here. II hus letter five stories high, almost- n mile necni tubing, 60,000 sriunrc feet o galvanized Iron, more I him ihrc liiilc'.s of electric eables weighs 40 tons. As to the future, Leigh believe that buildings on IJrondwuy lltlle UroadwnyK throughout th country arc destined to liccoin mere ndvertishiE props: • "We used to put sicns on build Ings." he explains. "Now we i»il bullrtliigs In slB»s." Hy UnlWd WAST1NGTON .U.I'.)—Pl'ucllcal- ly no new farms will result frlin the side of a^rieultural And forest lands taken over by Iho government during llu< war, ncuordinif to Iho Piuiu Credit Administration. I'X/'A, nsslgned )jy the Surplus ProiMM'ty Hoard to dispose of thefu 1 luiuls, suld linn so far about 133,- 8'JO neres In ill statos hnve beon put up for sale. Of'tlils total 30,500 aeres have lieon sold. Dill, FCA said, the major por- lun of (he now-surplus farm land,- iM'hiB boutilit back by their oi'incr owners, Ik-puiL-lmsc sates In ,ute total '28.140 neres while only ;,!MIJ ncies hiivu been sold to state iud local yovermneiUs, vi'terinis ion-[>rlorlly buyers nnd others. In Cond CimdllloM Tile njicuey ri'ported that "most 1 mm lands used by Ihc uovcnmieui u the war luivc remained li ;ood farming eoiuhtion. 11 salt .hat this Is (vile l>«eluiso the Innd. wero used mostly for training roops or as outlying areas border UK actual war production plants The land 'nsril lor training troop eontalns few buildings and I lies n> mainly of the temporary typo, HulUllnus on sites used for the, production of war materials cither nro being demolished or sold separately. I KCA has set up a system of priority ratings to govern the solo of all surplus agricultural nnd forest lands. l-Mrsl priority ts given (o ftueneles of Uu 1 Federal govern*- inent, with second eall to the slate and local governments. Former owners have third priority on all lands pny-i'ha.scd by tin? tjovern- inent nfler Dee. 31. IBM. On ntsvl- cullural- lands tlmt were rented by them at the tlini; of government purchase, former IciiaiU.s have a fourlh priority. ijimii that. Isn't sold under the Hrst tour priorities will bo revmt- erned Into economic farm units by the government, and u new irlorllv schedule ROCS Intxj effect. 1'rlwlty. (<i VtU-rnni First priority on the new economic mills soes lo veterans of World War n. This priority also Includes liusbaiuls and .wives nnd •hlldren of deceased .servicemen ind wojnen. Flnnlly, If tho minis have not, bren sold, they are offered lo the present owner-operators and nonprofit oritnnlnitlons or Institutions Land not sold under the priority schedules Is offered tor sale to the crid public. Surplus property, sold at the current market- 'v wijiuled, If n*et*wy, to reasw or- dttfc**M» during the government* • All .sales »r« conducted the Federal Farm .Miami Beach, PU, hu'no road slatlon, airport, or slums. - nll Some 70 per cent of the' bo*U ' Used. In the Normandy • were made In New Orleans: The Department of 'commerce Census Bureau tatlm»t*»' thit' \a£ tul retail sale* In Arluuuiij'- lut' December amounts' to $5,21T,*«1. y ELECTRICAL SUPPLIES : Let us figure your bill of mot*rials { or the total Contract, > including j labor. > * WALPOLE ELECTRIC CO. ! 110 So. Sec. • , Phon* 3371 j SPRING OATS Sinkers Cotton Seed Alfalfa - Leipedeza Soybean and Garden Seed. Blytheville Soybean Corp. 1800 West Mnin 'hone 856 Blythevilk, Ark. THE ATOMIC ACiE No Effective Defense Against Atomic Bomb, Warn Scientists CHICAGO, Mnreh 8 (U.P.) — Since man cast the tirsl stone at a fellow man there lins lx?en war. Warfare has expanded from interfamily quarrels through tribal conflicts to Ihe global conflict which we witnessed in the last two wars. Warfare has expanded from the personal combat of single champ- lions of men in massed armies, lions o fmen in massed armies. Warfare has witnessed increasingly rapid improvement in w,eapoiis, starting with the sling and the spear and now culminating in the atomic bomb. In the development of new weapons of warfare tlicrc has been a parallel development of defenses. As new offensive weapons were developed new defenses were developed to counter them; thus for the .spear and bow and arrow there is tlic shield, for the machine gun and howitzer there is the tank nnrt for 'precision bombing there is radar-aimed antiaircraft Avith tho saturation bombing of the rocket launching sites in l-Y^ncc, Belgium and Holland. In present-day warfare the most effective means of quieting a machine-gun nest Is by killing the operator. This can be done by shelling, the use <: of grenndes or mortars, or by sending out a squad of soldiers. All of lhe.se are offcn- ivc lactics. We frequently hear the rgumcnt that the best defense is i strong offense. This argument, "rcqucntly applied lo the atomic bomb is made by Ihose who advocate a policy of the United States possessing tile greatest Army. Nav> Airforcc. However, lo use mil superiority in army, navy nnd aircraft and atomic bombs we must tnow who attacked ns. The atomic x>ml> not only increases the iihoocl of sabotage and mining of Mties but. opens the possibility foi anonymous wnr. Dr. Irving Lnngmnlr said that CIRCLEVII.LE. O., (UP)—Due to Dale Ankrom's efforts, an almost impossible feat was accomplished. Chances of finding a lone ship in the Pacific arc very remote. And a lone man. especially a brother, would be even harder to locate. That didn't stop Dale. D.ilc. carpenter's male 2-c, ami n member ot an 1--ST 73 crew, heard that his brother's ship was in his vicinity. He decided to .see proximity fuses. Against the atomic bomb, however, we scientists warn that no effective defenses can be expected; in the foreseeable-future. o Types of Defense Since 'he development of gun- lowder and the associated weapons there have been three types of defenses developed. The first type is defense against the explosion itself. An example of this is the use of armor plate as in tanks and battleships, the use of reinforced concrete such as the. U-boat i>cns of St. Nazairc and the. vise of air- raid shelters, only extremely deep and well constructed air-raid shelters would be of any use against the atomic bomb. To obtain adequate protection in this sense would have to move all our cities deep underground. There is no guarantee that underground citie. 1 would not become gieantic death traps if the air supply were destroyed by atomic explosives or if radioactive poisons were spread at the entrances. The second type of defense is against the carrier of the explosive. An example of this type of defense is radar-guided antiaircraft using proximity fuses ngainst tho German V-l buzzbomb and against aircraft. Against the V-2 rocket, however, which travels at speeds greater than sound and which comes almost straight down, there is no defense. And radar-controlled rockets with ranges of thousands of miles and armed with atomic warheads will be available in a few ' years. Because of the speeds at which they travel no effective defense can be launched against them. Even a defense which, in the past war would have been con E\dcrcd highly e/fcctive, say 75 per cent effective, is not good enough against atomic explosives, one of which now can destroy all of the buildings within an area of !0 square miles. Nor are there defenses against prcplanlcri atomic mines which easily can be smug- filed inlo a country by determiner enemies. Hecause of the small amount of material required to make atomic bombs: and because the atomic explosives arc practically impossible to detect it would be easy to smuggle them Into country and assemble them. Moreover, the advantage of surprise if where the first attack is decisive I There will be no chance to studj the only defense against the atomic bomb is:not lo be underneath when it goes off. The answer to this is the dispersal of cities. This is a policy which should be seriously considered. In the event that international agreements fail and an atomic armament race takes place it would reduce our.vulnerability to, atomic bocb attack. The lesson from the last two wars is that the United States would be the first country to be destroyed by an aggressor nation, our industrial capacity has been the determining factor in the last- two wars. Because of this and because our cities arc so large and close together we would be the easiest and most logical target in another war. Dispersal Vast Problem To disperse our cities presents serious social and political" problems. To do this requires overall planning and efficient administra- ion. Planning of Ihc size and loca- ion of cities wovild he needed to ivo the vptimum size for minimum ulncrability to atomic explosives. The administration of the dlspcr- al would probably have to be in he hands of the Army and would •nean serious loss of personal free- lorn. However, if we are to survive .Hack these conditions must be net. Each town would have to be self- sufficient within itself having in-! lependtmt utilities so that In case of attack the whole system will Kit break down. The transportation system will • have to be completely reorganized also. The cost would be at least 250 jlllion dollars to complete the relocation lo uuiUs of 100,000 and the cost in los-s ol Industrial effici 01 !^ and liiwercd standard of living cannot be estimated. The time required would be from 10-25 years if we start now. Moreover by 25 years complete dispersal of cities would not be sufficient protection against atomic bombing. I)y that time many countries will possess enough atomic bombs of their own -o cripple seriously even the most dispersed country. Tile only type or defense w'hich snows promise of permanent jeUec- tivcness is one based upon the ihird defense principle — namely, defense against the source of tin: explosive. In practical terms, this means a set of international controls which would make impossible the manufacture of atomic explosives by any countries. All ooun- Iries would thereby be made safe from the threat of atlaek by atomic weapons. Unilateral action by single countries is not, enough to protect that country against the forms of warfare which Ihc atomic bomb makes possible. IN THE CIIANCKKY COOKT FOR Tilt: CIMCKASAXYHA IH8TUICT ()!•• MISSISS1ITI COUNTY, Alt- KANSAS, 1'KOUATK DIVISION. Ill (he mailer of the rislalc of Matlie Sharp, Deceased. NOTICK OK I'KOHATK OF W1I.I. Notice Is hereby given that the Last Will and Testament of Miitlic Sharp, of niythuvlllc, Arkansas, was probated In common form by the Probate Court of Mississippi County, on the Kth day of September, 1915. An appeal from such probnfe cun be alTcclcd only by filing a petl- lion, staling the grounds of such appeal, with this court within six months from the dale of this notice. Witness my hand and seal this 7: day of March, 1040. •I'. W. POTTER, Clerk •-,,1.-; • By Ellv.abctli Ulythe, D. V, Ci.'W. Bin-hum Attorney for Executor. 3:9-10-23 common form by the Probate Court of Mississippi County, on the Mill day of January, l!HG. An appeal from such probate can be nlVcoted only by [Hint! a petition, staling Ihc grounds of such appeal, with this court within six months from the date of Hits nollcc. Witness my linnil and seal Ihls 5 dny of March, IDUi. T. W. PO'ITKK. Clerk liy Kli/alietti Illytho,, n. C. Cl. W. lliirluim, Attorney for Executrix. ' him. He went lo the Post Office on | new attacking techniques and de his side of Okinawa Island, learned ' the location of hi> brother's ship, hitch-hiked across the- island on jeeps and trucks, and walked many a rnlie. Ralph, 20, coxswain, was sitting in his eomiwtmtnt on the LSI' W3 writing a letter lo hit mother when Dale walked in. The two brolhtrs (Wished.-.writing it together, velop defenses against them. Po example, supposedly peaceful com mercial planes flying a rcgula route could pulverize a city 'at one blow. Tlin third type of defense against the source of the explo slve. Examples of this are th strategic bombings ot factorle - ivmn\if«luririg ^eipoiu oi war IN THK CHANCF.UV CO1IKT FOR THE CIIICKASAWDA DISTRICT OF MISSISSIITI COUNTY, ARKANSAS. Robert Malhiry Plninl-ifl vs. No. RBliO Ardellar Mallary ' Defendant. WARNING ORItKK The defendant. Arrtcllnr Mallary, is warned to appear in the Chancery Court for the Chickasawba District of Mississippi Comity, Arkansas, within thirty days and answer the complaint of the plaintiff. Robert Mallary. Witness my hand, as clerk of said court, and the sen! thereof, oil this 14th day of February, 194G. HARVEY MORRIS, Clerk By Freida O'Neal. D. C. G. W. Barham, Ally, for Pill. Howard N. Moore, Atty. ad Litem. (Seal) 2116-23-3'2-9 IN THK CHANCKKV CO11KT FOR THK CIIICKASAWIIA DISTRICT OF MISSISSIPPI COIINTV. ARKANSAS, PROBATE DIVISION. In Ihe Matter of Ihc F.slatc of Mar- lln Edward Slaudenmaycr, DC •censed. NOTICE OF PROBATE OF WII.I Notice is hereby given that Ihc Last Will and Testament of Martli Kdward Staudemmiycr, ol Ix;ach villc, Arkansas, was probated li Why Mountain Valley Water Is Recomnmuleil for Arthritis-Kidney Bladder CONDITIONS This nitlunil mineral wuler from Hot HurinKs, Arkansas, hclpx l«— S 11 in u 1 n t c kklncy function. Soothe bladder Irritation. Neutralize uric-acidity. Discharge poisonous wastes. MOUNTAIN VALLEY MINERAL WATER From Hot Sprlnim Ark. CROSSTOWN WHISKEY SHOP Main & Division, BlytheTlllf, Ark. For Your Home Springfield Couches, Lounge Chairs' with Ottomun, Chiff robes, Bt-droom Suites, Springs, Mattresses,' S piece Breakfast Sctk Just Received: Metal Trunks & Lockers Alvin Hardy Furniture Co. 301 East Main St. New and Used Phone 2302 FARMS FOR RENT One 380 ucrc farm, one 300 acre form, ope £20 acre fom, ••• 97 acre farm, one 15 acre form, juid one 4V aen'fann,^ all well improved, with electricity. We 0/50 wont 25 SHARECROP FAMILIES Will completely Ml up and finance, to farm, » ih»it«* Uer of large fuinllleg. Bee E. H. Gee Cotton Co., Minion, Mo, Fr&llej, Mo. (1 west of ForUceville), »nd BljtheriJle, Ark. COAL PHONE 551 E. C. ROBINSON LUMBER CO. Bales Radio Sales & Service Felix A. Carney 138 East Main Phone 3616 Phillips Robinson Senlce - Felix Camej BONDED AND INSURED 24-Hour TAXI SERVICE CALL 968 Bill Wunderlich Railroad Street — Hear Kobimon's Drug Store WASH TUBBS BY LESLIE TURNER Will 11 Work? / YES.HEll.HAYe TO IVAKH HIS SI~EP, HURRYING DOWN I'VE FELT ALL \SHE- OOK WlfH ME. WE KEPT HER A LOSS THAT VOU'D \Alf- TWKE VEARS TO DO A VERY SPECIAL JOB,,, A JOB THAT'LL FINANCE AW-ER- FUTURE! M«V AS WELL <SEf THIS OVER WHILE I'A\ WATTING TOR N EVER IEAVE HERE WITHOUT KILLING US FIRST, YOU VILE, LOATHSOME PI6: BUT WHAT ABOUT B« on th« ufa «W»—don't let &•!•<* of accessories kwp 700 from ball" with .food production, check up on chains, QTMM goa*, filter element* and other accaaoriM *> can "stay in the game." B yogi supplies, come in and see a*. W• Wtfl to help you "PLAY SAFEl" ,' PftOFCttOR JULKIE? COME QUICK! HBVAIK Headquarters for Genuine IH Paris RED RYDER 1011 POV1 DARE SHOOT, RUBY eirtS-' IF V DROP THIS t WfU. EBLO DELTA IMPLEMENT COMPANY Btytheviite, Ark. D. & P. L. No. 14 Planting Seed Cleaned, Delinked, Ceresan Treated. Germination 80 to 90 per cent. ' Also LAREDO SOY BEANS 90% Germination Lloyd Stickmon Phone 3210 Refrigeration Service! We have an Expert Service Man to take care of your Refrigeration and Washing Machine Service; also Electric Motor Service. We also carry a complete stock of New Parts for all mqkes of Equipment. Work Guaranteed. Reasonable Prices. Tom Little Appliance Co. f 05 West Main St, Blytheville, Ark. Phone 415

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