The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas on April 3, 1963 · Page 9
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The Ottawa Herald from Ottawa, Kansas · Page 9

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Ottawa, Kansas
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Wednesday, April 3, 1963
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Page 9
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Brown's Bylines Add Some Minerals To Livestock Ration By DON BROWN Agricultural Agent Of the IS mineral elements needed by livestock in their rations, all but four usually are furnished adequately in Kansas- grown forages and grains. Calcium, phosphorus, sodium and chlorine need to be added to fattening rations of animals on full feed. These can be furnished by salt and steamed bonemeal or dicalcium phosphate in equal parts, by weight, fed free choice. In fattening rations in which the roughage is non-legume such as prairie hay, sorghum or corn silage, a mixture of 200 pounds of feeding limestone, 200 pounds of bone- meal and 100 pounds of salt usually will provide an adequate supply of minerals during the full feed period. Self • feeding of cattle has Don HDU Notes Study Home Needs gained in popularity in recent years. Keith Zoellner, extension livestock specialist at K-State, says this is mainly due .to the saving in time and labor and the higher cost of roughages. It does provide an economical way to market homegrown Kansas roughages through beef cattle. In addition to larger daily gains, self-fed cattle are less likely to go off feed as they regulate their intake when they realize that a sufficient feed supply is readily available. Disadvantages of self-feeding include the larger investment in equipment, the slight increase in costs of gains and cattle usually are not observed as closely. Pre-flushing is a new management term to the ewe flock owner that should be a part of every farm flock management program in Kansas this spring. The Colby Experiment Station findings of pre-flushing ewes have resulted in the bunching of lambs resulting in a shorter lambing period and an increase in the number of lambs produced and marketed. Pre - flushing is the shrinking of the ewes in weigh for a 17 - day period, April 25 - May 12. The Lambs are weaned off the ewes by this date. The ewes are placed on a ration of two pounds of alfalfa hay per day with access to a good clean water supply. The loss in weight of the ewe has averaged bout five pounds for this period. Immediately following this pre- lushing period, the ewes are )laced on a flushing ration for days, May 14-June 23, to stimu ate them to come into estnis. The ration has included native >asture, cereal pasture, and dry ot with one-half to three-fourths xxinds of grain daily. The ewes are provided all they want to eat luring this period, but the grain s removed from the ration at he end of the flushing period. The rams are turned with the ewes on June 1. The pre-flushing plus the flush- ng period are management 'Know-how" that should be a part of every Kansas farm flock operation. They are economical management factors which bunch the ambs and increase the number produced and marketed. Reports of Kansas commercial producers verify the above experimental results in their own commercial flocks. A new Kansas Agricultural Experiment station bulletin, "1962 Kansas Corn Tests," summarizes results from six locations in 1962, and 2 to 4-year average results were available. The bulletin is available on request from the county extension office. Excellent growing condi tions in 1962 resulted in highest yields of 136, 129, 125, 170, 165 and 177 bushels per acre in Doniphan, Marshall, Shawnee, Republic, Greeley and Finney counties, respectively. UNPLEASANT PHEASANT — Bob Townsend, Garden City, peers through shattered windshield of his pickup truck. A pheasant flew into it. Townsend saw bird coming, ducked and used one hand to shield his face. He escaped injury and was able to keep his truck under control. THE OTTAWA HERALD Wednesday, April 8, 19M May Or May Not Be Tax Saving On Farm WASHINGTON (AP)- Government officials estimate President Kennedy's tax proposals would save the nation's farmers between $250 and $300 million a year. Farmers shouldn't count their savings too soon. The House Ways and Means Committee has begun work on drafting a measure and indications are that some of Kennedy's proposals for tax revisions will be dropped, and rates adjusted accordingly. Kennedy proposed a net tax cut of $10.2 billion over a three-year period. Agriculture Department officials estimate farmers and farm workers will pay about $1.33 bil lion in income taxes this year on the $12.8 billion they earned last year above production expenses. The income of the average farm operator last year has been estimated at $3,537. Hence, when the average farmer makes deductions for members of his family plus either standard or itemized deductions for contributions, interest, taxes and health expenditures US To Arm French Planes Do you have a house to fit your family: Members of the Greenwood unit discussed the question at their meeting and came up with these suggestions: You should not endeavor to overcrowd your family if finances and availability of good housing are at all possible. As the years go by, your facilities and space should increase to meet the family requirements. Adequate bedroom space and bathroom facilities are important to the family when the children are small, and the demands are even greater as they approach the teenage years. The lesson on "Housing for the Life Span" was presented by Mrs. Harvey Criqui. Mrs. Carl Reekie demonstrated various ways to decorate cakes for special occasions. She also displayed several cakes she had decorated. The hostess, Mrs. Orville Flager, served refreshments to IS members, 17 children and one guest. The next meeting will be April 17 at the home of Mrs. J. E. Fannin. The lesson will be health insurance. Princeton Workers — A white elephant sale was the recreational feature at the Princeton Workers meeting. Rosemary Crist, county home economics agent, gave the lesson on furniture arrangement. Mrs. Norman Scott is a new member. There were 13 members present. Mrs. Grace Harms and Mrs. Chet Royer served refreshments. The next meeting will be Friday, April 19, instead of April 17. Work and Fun - Housing for the life span was the lesson given by Mrs. Lewis Buck. Mrs. Virgil Smith was the hostess at a potluck dinner. A white elephant sale followed the lesson. There were 14 members and two children present. Missouri Woman 105 BOONVILLE, Mo. (AP)- Mrs. Cornelia Moore Windsor celebrated her 105th birthday Saturday in good health and surrounded by relatives and friends. At her side was a sister, Mrs. Florence Eller, who observed her 100th birthday last June. Another sister, Mrs. Gertrude Buckley, 92, lives at Poteau, Okla. More than 100 relatives and friends gathered for a family dinner in Mrs. Windsor's honor at Rocheport, Mo. Her birthday anniversary actually was Friday, but Saturday was more convenient for the family. She was born March 29, 1858. Mrs. Windsor and her husband, R. L. Windsor, who died at W, had eight children, four of whom survive. There are It grandchildren and 39 great grandchildren. She has lived all her life in the Boonville area, and recalls Civil War incidents she eperi- •cad u a child. OLLAR and SENSE FARMING From Your Full-Service Bank REDUCE SHRINKAGE LOSSES, You can't do much about falling livestock prices, but you can try to have animals in the best possible shape at sales time. Provide adequate protection from extremes in hot, cold or wet weather during shipment. Don't overcrowd. Feed and water as soon as stock arrive at the market and before they are weighed. Overfeeding can hurt you though. You can't fool buyers who handle stock constantly. TIRE REPAIR COST accounts for 30 percent of the repair cost on farm tractors. The most important part of tire care is keeping tires properly inflated. Underinflated tires will buckle when the tractor pulls a load — can reduce tire life by one-fourth. Never allow tires to stand on an oily floor or sit in the sunshine while not in use. Grease and sunshine are very harmful to rubber. Repair a damaged tire promptly to prevent costly replacement later. TOPDRESS WINTER WHEAT as soon as it greens up — preferably before it is four to six inches tall. Generally soils low in fertility will require a total of 40 to 60 pounds of nitrogen to produce a good crop. Medium fertility soils need about 20 to TO pounds and highly fertile soils require only about 20 pounds per acre—perhaps none if wheat follows a legume. Deduct the amount you applied last fall in figuring amount to top- dress this spring. DON'T CUT YOUR FERTILIZER BILL even if money is short. It will be profitable to borrow or sell some livestock to get the money necessary to put fertilizer down. Next to good seed, fertilizer is one of your best buys. » ^m This is income tax time JH j^^l a^d the tune when rec- fU mWf ords that have been kept f • %^/4^ pver the past year come ^^B I mm in mighty handy. To help H^H i %J you keep your farm rec- •^ ords up to date and ac• curate may we suggest that you come in and get a copy of PEOPLES NATIONAL'S Farm Record book. Another big help in keening your accounts accurate is through the use of a PEOPLES NATIONAL checking account. Your cancelled checks are vour permanent record that bills have been paid. Just another service made available to you when you bank with a FULL-SERVICE bank like PEOPLES NATIONAL. Meet Your Friends at "The Friendly Bank" The Guaranteed Interest Paid on Certificates of Deposit Issued for one Full year. WASHINGTON (AP) - The! United States this week will arm with nuclear weapons two units of French fighter-bombers based in West Germany but the weapons will remain under American control, Defense Department sources have disclosed. Officials said Tuesday night that the arrangement was worked out in negotiations begun five years ago between France and the United States and completed about a year ago. The delay, they said, was caused by the time needed to acquire "lock and key" devices by which the United States retains control of the warheads. The American control is retained through the so-called "per missive link" system. Thus even though a foreign national may be flying a plane equipped with a U.S. nuclear weapon he is unable to fire it without an electronic go ahead from another base. Tha electronic permission is kept American hands. e does not have much left on hich to pay federal income axes. About 10 per cent of the rural arm population—about 1.3 mil- ion—are 65 years old or older, mother 1.3 million are expected o reach that age within 10 years, 'he President's proposal to ease lie tax liability of older persons hus would be of direct benefit o these farm people. Under existing law, a taxpayer an take an additional $600 exemption if he or she is 65 or ilder. The proposed change would replace the exemption with a $300 credit against taxes otherwise owing. Nearly all farm taxpayers would realize a tax saving from the substitution of a $300 tax credit for the $600 exemption, de >artment officials said. Many would be exempt altogether. The President's proposed reduc tions of tax rates on capital gains also could be of significant benefit to farmers. Over the years, a arge part of the total profit in farming has taken the form of ligher land values. A man who bought a farm in 1940, for example, and sold it in 1962, would realize a very substantial capita gain. One of Kennedy's proposals applies specifically to capital gains treatment of certain income derived from the sale of farm property. Treasury officials say it i aimed at persons with high brack t non-farm income who deliber- rately invest in high cost farm perations, particularly livestock nd fruit growing, to gain a tax dvantage. "This proposal will have little, '. any, effect upon regular farming operations," the Ways and deans Committee was told during learings on the tax program. The tax advantage is obtained >y investing in a herd, orchard or similar property which shows a loss for several years, but then can be sold for a profit. The osses are deducted from the high- ax outside income and the profit, when it is realized, is taxed at the lower capital gains rate. The Treasury proposed technical changes that would subject more of such income to taxation at ordinary rates, but these would not affect farmers whose non- farm income was less than $15,000. Another administration proposal dealing directly with agriculture would restrict capital gains treatment of timber sales to the first &5.000 of such income received by individuals. On the other hand, the administration suggested that reforestation costs be allowed aa a currently deductible business expense—which they are not at present. The Treasury said the net effect would be no additional tax for 99 per cent of forest land owners, but some opposition witnesses contended regular tree fanners would be hurt ir«$tone |Daiis THUR. FRI. Peoples Notional BANK OF OTTAWA Chartered in 1871 Factual suttHtt ban* M tafonutlM fc«tttvt4 » W scene* W Ml fwmeMei. •Y DOANE AGRICULTURAL SERVICE. INC.. ST. LOUIS. I YOU'LL BE AMAZED at our low close-out prices on TRACTOR TIRES WE'RE CLOSING-OUT Truckloads of New CHAMPION GROUND GRIP REAR TRACTOR TIRES AT DISCOUNT PRICES... 'Only 10% down and a full year to pay We'll ComTbut To Your Farm... appraise your old tires and tell you what new tires will cost CHECK THESE VALUES TOO 25-FOOt STEEL TAPE 7-A4I7 Easy to read black ~ numbers on white background. Dial like a telephone to rewind. Invite us to com* to your farm. Just clip tho coupon and mall It to us. Do It now. Firestone Store 127 S. Main I would like to have a free tractor tire inspection and estimate of the cost of new tires for my tractor ...also your trade-in allowance for my old tires. 6.70-13 Tub* Type Blackball Namt of tractor Mr* til* My rmmt Town Rural Routa

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