The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 26, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Tuesday, September 26, 1944
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NAZI LOSSES TOP 800,000 SINCE SKY TROOPS' FATE MASKED THE WKATHER Temperature High yfHIotday 9R Low today 64 Rainfall Season (Airport) T Venr HKO (Airport) T 5<R*on (Lv^nd Company) T year ago (Land Company) T Forecast Continued rlpar and moderately warm today and Wednesday. Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1944 14 PAGES No. 49 8288 Nips on Pa/an Die, Manchuria Hit B-29s Hit Industry in Anshan U. S. Marines Bypass Japs on Peleliu; Advance to North By Associated Press Superfortresses smashed at Japan's vital war industry in Manchuria today, abruptly switching American air power blows from the Philippines to the northern segment of the Nipponese empire. It was the third B-29 attack on the enemy's mainland arsenal in three months. Tokyo broadcasts said the target was Anshau, site of Nippon's second largest steel works, bombed by the giant China-based planes July 29 and September 8. One broadcast said interceptors , «f the rising sun were lying in wait for the Superforts, and engaged them in "heavy fighting" as they came over in two daylight attacks. " Tokyo asserted its Philippine air bases, denuded by attacks of the flying arm of Admiral William F. Halsey's Third Fleet, have been "fully reinforced by newly arrived aircraft." Bases Said "Formidable" Japanese propagandists, unabashed by destruction of 906 Nipponese planes in the area in less thaji three weeks, described their Philippine air bases as "truly formidable." They made no further reference to their previous reports that seaborne American planes resumed their devastating attack Sunday. Marines bypassed strong Japanese liill positions on Peleliu and advanced to within a mile of the island's northern tip yesterday as the enemy death toll for the Palau campaign rose to 8288, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz announced last night the Americans had progressed more than a mile along Peleliu's west coast, after slanting past Japanese positions In the thnorbrogol hills which the marines had failed to crack in days of bitter fighting. Silent on Third Fleet Abrupt silence cloaked movements of the United States third fleet whose carrier planes smashed objectives in the Philippines last week. Ameri can confirmation was still lacking of Japanese-reported attacks on Ma nila and the central Philippines, Fri day and Saturday (United States time). Southwest Pacific bombers contin ued to patrol the southern Philippines, and one of them contributed one of the war's most unusual feats. A lone Catalina flying boat de stroyed a seaplane tender and two destroyer escorts in Davao gulf with four bombs in a single bombing run. •• The vessels, caught while refueling, exploded so violently that the at tacking plane was tossed 300 fact. Big Tanker Sunk • Other southwest planes sang a 10,000-ton Japanese tanker and damaged a 3000-ton freighter in Dutch Celebes, while airdromes on that Island and Ceram were hit with U'2 tons of bombs. Admiral Nimitz announced a total of 7313 Japanese were killed on Peleliu through Sunday and an estimated 975 on Anguar, 6 miles southward, where the Eighty-first Army division continued mopping up opera tions. In southwestern Burma the Fifth Indian division advanced against light opposition to within 7 miles of the enemy base at Tiddim. BASEBALL AMERICAN LEAGUE " At Detroit— R. H. E. PHILADELPHIA 0 > 6 0 DETROIT ..; 6 13 0 Batteries: Hamlin, Scheib (5) jmd Hayes, Pruett (5); Trout and liwift. ^ NATIONAL LEAGUE First Game At New York— R. H. E. CINCINNATI 8 12 1 NEW YORK 5 14 I Batteries—Konstanty, Shoun <«) and Mueller. Allen Hansen (4), .Brewer (7) and Maneuso. • RAPS P. A. C.—William M. Jeffers, former controller of the rubber industry, today denounced the C. I. O. Political Action Committee, saying that if the committee succeeds in its aims "the disiiitegra- tion of American labor unions starts and democracy begins to crumble.' 1 , RAO DAD MAN P.A.C. COMMITTEE ENDANGERS UNIONS, SAYS JEFFERS CHICAGO, Sept. 2fi. (UB—William M. Jeffers, president of the Union Pacific Railroad, today denounced the C. I. O. Political Action Committee and declared that if the P. A. C. succeeds in its aims ."the disintegration of American labor unions starts and democracy begins to crumble." Jeffers, former controller of the rubber industry, told the seventieth annual convention of the American Bankers Association that he was speaking as a man "who has carried a union card all his working life—and still does." "I was a union man before the un-American element now dominating segments of American labor was born," Jeffers said. "The railroad brotherhoods know how and where I stand. But I say to you and to the people of this country that no political action committee or any group or individual Is going to tell me or any upheaded American how he is going to vote or what he is going to think. "If the sorry day should ever come when nefarious schemes like this succeed, then on .that day the disintegration of Amercian labor unions starts and democracy begins to crumble." Jeffers declared that when the victorious American army comes home, the fighting men are going to insist upon coming back to a better America than when they left. "It may go hard with any individual or group who attempts to herd them in a civil non-thinking regiment or attempt to stomp them in a common mold," Jeffers said. "These boys have been trained to do a job which requires thinking and acting for themselves." Jeffers urged the convention to liberalize banking: practices to aid little businessmen in the postwar period. It is there, he said, that the Walter Chryslers and the Henry Fords of the future will be found. Russians Blast Isles Near Riga Soviet Forces Complete Estonia Occupation; 80 Communities East of Latvian Capital Fall to Reds; Warsaw Nazis Shoved Back LOXDOX, Sept. 26. <U.R>—The Berlin radio reported today that the Red Army had completed the occupation of Estonia. MOSCOW, Sept. 26. (-#>)—Russia's powerful northern armies hammered the final small pocket of German resistance in Estonia today and began organizing an assault on two key islands guarding the Baltic sea approaches to Riga, the besieged capital of Latvia. The islands—Ristna and Osel—dominate the entrances to the gulf of Riga, to the southeast, and the Gulf of Finland, to the northeast. Lying some 6 miles off Estonia's west coast, they could be bypassed indefinitely by tue Russians, but i ; lone as enomv garrisons remain, they will have a certain nuisance value. On the west coast of the Estoninn inn inland, Marshall Leonid A. Gov- orov's Leningrad army has now captured all important ports except Virtsu. A communique last night announced the fall • of Haapsalu, Estonia's third port, 63 miles southwest of Tallinn. The Soviet forces also hold Parnu, on the southwest coast. (There were several indications that the Soviet Baltic fleet was joining in the battle to reduce the Estonian islands. An official announcement two days ago said Soviet naval forces' had captured the seaport of i'aldiskl, midway between Tallinn and Haapsalu. , (Helsinki dispatches last night reported heavy gunfire from the Finnish gulf and belief was expressed in that capital that the Red ^fleet had moved in strength into the Baltic sea. The gunfire lasted for hours.) Forty Miles From Riga • The Russian communique announced the fall of 80 communities in the area west of Riga, carrying Russian forces to within 40 miles of the Latvian capital from that direction. Other Red army columns were within 65 miles of Riga on the north, 56 miles on the northeast, and last were reported only 6 miles away on the south. The Germans hold open a narrow coastal escape and supply corridor. The Battle of Warsaw, now in its fifty-sixth day, brought no fresh news from Russian official sources, but Polish sources just back from the Vistula front line declared the Germans Were being shoved back steadily. German-Hungarian reinforcements appeared to have parried temporarily the Red army's invasion to southeast Hungary. No Russian advance has been mentioned there in the past 48 hours. Poland Advance Moscow communiques announced advances in southern Poland, including capture of Berehy Gurne, three miles from Czechoslovakian frontier. Massed for a distance of 50 miles along this frontier, combined Russian Continued on Page Two Correction in Wage, Living Cost Urged A. F. L. ASKS ROOSEVELT TO RECTIFY "INEQUITY" TO PREVENT CHAOS Neighbor Tells Story of Jay Lovett's Death Night SALINAS, Sept. 26. (UP.)— Mrs. Frances Andrews' first words to her neighbors after she found 19-year- old Jay Lovett's body near her house on the night of July 15, were "Jay shot himself—I'm afraid he's dying," Joseph AVilllcombe testified today at Mrs. Andrews' murder trial, in Monterey County Superior Court. Willicombe, greying, -bespectacled former newspaperman, told how he was lying in bed in his home 500 yards from the Andrews Carmel valley ranchhouse when he heard a gunshot. Heard Horn "Fifteen minutes later I heard a horn honking outside the house and a voice crying 'help, help.' It was Mrs. Andrews. She was very excited and urgent. She said: 'Jay sh6t himself. I'm afraid he's dying. Come out and help me lift him up.' "She came into the house and said: 'Look at me. My dress IB full of blood.' I told her to be culm and not to lift the boy. My wife went to call a doctor. During Wtlllcombe's testimony, it was revealed that District Attorney Anthony Brazil had tested Will!- combe's ability to hear u revolver shot from his bedroom. Brazil Instructed Willicombe to lie on his bed while five shots were fired outside. Tells of Shots "The first three were not like tht one 1 heard the fifteenth. The fourth shot was—loud and distinct. The fifth was almost identical. Later Brazil came Into the house and suddenly said: 'There's a shot.' " "I thought it was a wood fire crackling. Mrs. AVilllcombe said: 'I think it was a-shot.'" Testimony did not show whether there actually had been a shot. Earlier the German-made .25 caliber revolver which the state charges was used by Mrs. Andrews to murder Lovett was Introduced as evidence. Jurors frequently turned to look at Mrs. Andrews, apparently trying to Ascertain her reaction tn exchanges between attorneys and witnesses. Brown and Trenner testified that Mrs. Andrew's coat and dress showed bloodstains shortly after she found Lovett's body shot to death with her .25 caliber revolver on a Continued on P»g« Two WASHINGTON, Sept. 2fi. (UP) The American Federation of Labor today called on President Roosevelt to correct what it called "this gross inequity" between workers' income and cost-of-Uving expenditures to prevent strikes in the re- conversion period. Testifying at the opening of public War Labor Board hearings on both A. F. of L. and C. I. O. demands for upward revision of the Little Steel formula, A. F. of L. witnesses asserted that because of administration wage policies, working men and women have suffered a loss of "real income." George W. Meany, A. F. of L. secretary and WLB member, said there would be "several million unemployed" after victory in Europe and added: "We are asking the WLB to recommend that this condition be remedied by presidential action. Unless we act before victory has been achieved, the question of wages in the vital reconversion period will be left to be decided by the economic forces involved. "Strikes, strife and economic chaos will result." Meany said that "the record of the present wage freeze policy, including statements by the President of the United States, provides ample evidence that our soldiers were definitely promised that .their peacetime standards would be maintained while they were fighting at the front. "There is likewise ample evidence," he continued, "that this promise has not been fulfilled." Gripsholm Brings 219 Yanks From Prisons JERSEY CITY, N. ,1., Sept. 2G. (U.R(—The Swedish exchange liner Gripsholm docked today, returning 219 sick and wounded United States army men from German prison camps. The exchanged prisoners included both officers and enlisted men who will be removed immediately to the army's Halloran Hospital, Stolen Island, for treatment and convalescence. FLASHES WARNS OX WASTE WASHINGTON, Sept. 2ti. <UR> — Lieutenant-General Ben Lear, commander of army ground forces, today called the attention of all ground force officers to the vital importance of avoiding waste, conserving supplies, and salvaging usable material and equipment. TO STUDY INSURANCE SACRAMENTO, Sept. 26. (f>— A special committee to study the need for new state Insurance legislation was named today by Governor Warren. CONFER AT HYDE PAUK WASHINGTON, Sept. 26. <U.R»— The Whitw House announced today that President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill conferred last week at Hyde Park where they completed plans to give the Italian people a greater hand in ruling their country. ephoto SENTRY GUARDS BRIDGE—An Allied sentry Is shown guarding the Arnhem bridge over Rhine river in Holland, used as lifeline to trapped airborne forces, before the Nazis recaptured one end of the bridge. WHITE HOUSE INTEGRITY ABSENT, DEWEY SAYSIN RGHTING TALK G. 0. P. CANDIDATE DEVOTES OKLAHOMA CITY ADDRESS TO ANSWERING PRESIDENT'S SPEECH Allies Mass for Climactic Smash on Nazi Citadel Eisenhower Orders Security Blackout of All Holland Operations as Situation Becomes "Extremely Fluid/' Supplies Reach Trapped Men "WITH BRITISH SECOND ARMY IN HOLLAND, Sept. 26. OJ.R>— British patrols striking eastward from the Nijmegen salient in Holland readied the Maas (Meuse) river on a 42-mile front today. By JOHN L,. CTTTER Untied Press Staff Correspondent SAPULPA, Okla.. Sept. 20. <UPJ— Governor Thomas E. Dewey curried his Republican presidentifil campaign into his wife's childhood home SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, A. E. F., Sept. 26. OLE)— General Dwight D. Eisenhower's headquarters announced today that the Germany army had suffered casualties estimated at more than 800,000 since D-Day during the Allied march from the Normandy beaches to Germany. The official estimate of more than 500,000 German troops captured, 100,000 killed, and 200,000 wounded seriously, was announced as American and British armies massed in the frontier regions of Germany, France and the lowlands for the climactic assault on Adolf Hitler's inner citadel. Supreme heiulqunrtcrs clumped a security censorship in the wild bat- He in Holland and the fate of the force of airborne British Red Devils trapped at Arnhem, which Berlin claimed had been "completely liquidated." Latest reports from the field said that the Arnhem force again had drawn in its perimeter and was huddled in a pocket of strangulation under heavy pressure. The security blackout obscured the situation elsewhere in Holland, but cryptic field dispatches said the town today, asking Republican* and "good Democrats- to join him la a I British S«ondA™r was wheeling complete housecleauiug of the federal government. The New York governor followed ~ through on last night's request for election to the presidency "to restore integrity to the White House" by promising anew as he campaigned across Oklahoma that i£ his bid is successful, there would he a complete housecleaning in the national capital. "With the help of all Republicans and good Democrats, we will start achieving that next January 20, Dewey told a crowd at Bristow, Okla., In his first stop before reaching Sapulpa. Home Town of -Mrs. Dewey As the special train pulled Into Creek county and the home town regions of his wife, the former Frances Eileen Mutt,' Dewey turned the full spotlight upon her. "I know you are coming here not to see me, but to pay a small tribute to the girl who comes from the town of Supulpa," Dewey said. Governor Dewey went from Sapulpa to Tulsa where he told a throng of several hundred persons who gathered at the railroad station, that if he is elected president "I shall never seek to undermine the unity of this country for pollcital purposes in war or in peacetime." There for brief conferences with political leaders, the Republican presidential nominee continued an attack on the New Deal which he highlighted in n speech last night in Oklahoma City by ''ailing for restoration of "integrity in the White House." The Republican presidential nominee would up a seven-speech coast- to-cuast campaign tour in Oklahoma City lust night with a charge that Integrity had been lacking in the 12 years of President Roosevelt's administration and in his opening bid for an unprecedented fourth term. It was the flghtingext speech to date of the western campaign swing. His audience, estimated at 15,000 by Head Usher Nat Gardner of the Oklahoma City Municipal Auditorium, was the most boisterously responsive of any along the »>700-mile route. Candidate Confident Dewey was confident that his plea would be answered. He predicted that in the November election the American people will "restore integrity to the White House so that its spoken word can be trusted again." The New York governor spent most of his half-hour speech from Oklahoma answering Mr. Iluo.se- Contlnueil on Page Two Rumely Charged With ContempHjy Group WASHINGTON, Sept. 26. GF>— The House campaign inveatigating committee today Instituted contempt proceedings against Edward A. Rumely for refusal to supply a record of contributors to the committee for constitutional government. Rumely, executive secretary of the organization founded by Publisher Frank E. Gannett of New York state, told the committee yesterday he would not produce the records the House committee had subpoenaed. The committee for constitutional government has insisted it Is an educational, not a political, organization. ADRIATIC TOWNS PALL TOBRITISH NAZI COUNTERATTACKS HALT BOLOGNA DRIVE ROME, Sept. 26. (UPX—Brltlsh Eighth Army troops crossed the Rubicon and captured Bordonchlo, Camerano and several other towns near the Adriatic coast today as the Germans moved up reinforcements for fierce counterattacks which virtually halted the American drive on Bologna. The British troops cleared the enemy from the area between the Miirecehia and Rubicon rivers and forced number of bridgeheads across the latter historic stream. Bordonchio, one of the towns captured. Is 1 mile inland, less than a mile from the southern bank of the Rubicon an:l f< miles north of the coastal city of Rimini. The town of Santurcangeln, 6 miles due west of Rimini, now is entirely in the hands of the Eighteenth Army troops, who also captured Cameruno, 2 miles southwest of Santnrcangelo. Santarcangelo is on the southern end of the air line highway known as Via Emilia extending from Rimini northward to Bologna. Modena, Rep- gio and other rich prizes of the Po valley. The United States Fifth Army's drive through the Apennines from captured F'uta puss toward Bologna was slowed to gains of yards instead of miles as the Germans brought up fresh troops. eastward against Germany on a 30 mile front below Nijmegen. at the north end of which the border had been crossed in a direct threat to the Siegfried Line anchor post at Kleve. Three Rig Centers rounded More than 1100 American heavy bombers swept over Germany ahead of the land armies again today and hammered three big centers vital to the Nazi front line troops—Osna- bruck, Hamm and Bremen. Meager reports, coupled with Nazi propaganda broadcasts, gave the following picture of the battlefronts: 1—The Arnhem sky troopers had lost the north end of Arnhem bridge across the Neiler Rhine and the bitter fight was continuing some 2 miles to the west, according to late accounts. Bases Captured 2—Llcutenant-Gciieral Sir Miles C. Dempsey's troops swinging eastward Into the Dutch borderland fronting Germany captured the big bases of Melmond, Derune, and Mook, and funned on beyond them as much as 8 miles to the areas of Oploo and Liesel against spotty opposition. I!—Lieutenant-General Courtney H. Hodges' United States First Armv was reported by Berlin tn be mass- Ing formidable concentrations in the Aachen area for what the Nazis called prospective attempt to break through to the Cologne area of the Rhineland. 4—Lieutenant-General George S. Patton's Third Army haltered foi- ward from the Metz-Nancy sector of the Moselle valley, beating off sporadic counter-thrusts. Merlin reported a \I\K scale attack in the CENTRAL VALLEY ACTIONJEAYED STATE WATER GROUP PUTS PROPOSAL ASIDE SACRAMENTO, Sept. 26. UP)— Although presented with a legal opinion that they have power under prevent law to negotiate with- the federal government for control and opera- lion of the Central Valley Project. members of the state water project authority today indicated they will put the proposal of tryingr for state control up to the January session of state Legislature. On motion of State Finance Director James S. Dean and seconded by State Treasurer Charles Johnson, the authority voted to send copies of the legal opinion to the joint legislative interim committee on water problems, headed by Senator Bradford Crittenden, Stockton. The opinion, written by Henry Hoi- singer, associate attorney for the authority, said that if a deal for state control be "restricted to operation and maintenance, both federal and state powers are ample." However, a congressional act would be required to take title of the project from the department of interior to some state agency, Hoi- singer wrote, and state legislation would be needed to "clarify existing powers of the authority" in regard to an issuance of bonds, if "that be considered desirable." Given Crittenden's Committee Dean said the opinion should be given Criuenden's committee, along with other information on Central Valley gathered by Edward Hyatt, state engineer. Johnson declared he thought every member of the Legislature should have a copy of the opinion, "so that they'll be awakened to the importance of this Kpina-Rcmiremnnte and called It an apparent prelude tn (in offensive against Belfort. commanding the approaches to southwest Germany. Along with the estimate of Ger- Continued :m Page Two Churchill Warns Against Neutral Country Havens By JOHN V, LONDON. Sept. 2fi. GW—Prime Minister Chin chill reiterated today that, the British government insists German war rrimlniils find no haven In neutral territories. .M mo neutrals already have made satisfactory statements on the matter, Churchill told Commons, but he has not "noticed any particular pronouncement" from Spain in this connection. .Ills statement about Spain was in reply to a direct question. Cheered from all quarters of Commons as h" resumed hi* seat following the Quebec conference, Churchill planned a full-dres.s statement Thursday. A two-day debate starting then may disclose Britain's attitude on what to do with Germany after the war—a question which already has brought divided opinion in President Roosevelt's cabinet. Weather-tanned and apparently fit, Churchill was asked about a statement that present machinery might leave Hitler himself untouched If he managed to escape to a neutral country, As to whether neutrals had been properly warned, he asserted caustically: Will Exert Every Force "The government is resolved to do Its utmost to prevent Nazi criminals finding a rofuiro in neutral territories from the consequences of It was finally decided to send the opinion, along vvilii the other data, only to Crittenden's committee, and, Uean said, the committee probably would submit everything to the Legislature at its next regular session in January. Attorney-General Ruben W. Kenny later revealed that at a closed ses- sloii before the open meeting the possibility of abolishing the five- man authority was discussed. New Board Proposed He said the "authority has little power." If the state should be given control of Central Valley, Kenny said such control should be put into the hands of a new board or commission set up by the Legislature. He indicated such u. proposal would be put to the next regular session. "\Ve ought to get a. 'fresh bite' on Central Valley," Kenny said. CHESTER their crimes. It is not our intention to allow escape of these men to be effected without exerting almost every resource which a civilized power can contemplate." In answer to the first peace nues- tiiin directed at him. Churchill confined himself to the Dumbarton Oaks conference, saying no commitments had been reached there as yet | on postwar plans. i This conference, representing the ' United States, Britain, Russia and | China, he said, Is seeking agreement "upon a set of proposals for establishment of an organization to maintain peace and security and further social and economic co-operation among peace-loving nations." Joint Proposals "If, as we greatly hope," he said, "we succeed In framing such joint proposals they would be communicated to the other governments of the United Nations concerned as a basis for discussion at a joint conference of all United Nations." Churchill likewise took opportunity to praise "the heroism of the Polish home army and the population of Warsaw who, after five years of oppression, had yet fought for nearly two months to contribute nil in their power to the expulsion of the Germans from the capital of Poland." Index lo Advertisers Page Abrums. Dr. R. F 3 Artcruft of California 4 Arvin Theater ll» Austin Studio 3 booth's 2 Pluck's 3 Calif. Slate Democratic Com 8 Citizens Laundry 10 Coffee, Harry 2. 9 Culllton, John W 10 Eastern 6, 9 Egger's 5 Fllekinger-Uigier _ 13 Fox Theaters _ 10 Frank Meat Company „ 5 Gensler-Lee _ 13 Granada Theater .. 10 Haskell, Dr - -..IS [vers Furniture _ - 10 KERN « Llm, T - _...10 Lou Ella's 4 Martin. Freddie _„ 10;, McMahan's —..._,.— 5 Montgomery Ward . 4 Music Bar 10 Phillips Music Co S Rlalto Theater ,.— 10 River Theater ™— 1ft Union Cemetery „ 7, IS Virginia Theater 10 W'eill's ,.^.»™... * Wrestling „—...10

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