The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 25, 1944 · Page 14
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 14

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Monday, September 25, 1944
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Mondoy, Sepf. 25, 1944 ALFRED HARRELL IDlTOt AND Sintered .in post office at BakerafleJd, California, as second class j mail under the act nf Congress March 3, 1879. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Presi in exclusively entitled to the USP for pnblIra- don of all newa dfipatchea credited to it or not otherwise credited In this paper, and aleo the local newa otibHsh*>rt therein. Vast changes have been effected ui military fr- defense since Ihe \vall of China '^id the mili- Ti W By carrier ar mall (In advance) tn postal zones nne, per month. 85c; six months, $6.10; one year, $3.no. postal rones four to elcht, per month $1.05 1 wo. threr. By mail in PROPOSITION 12 ON THE BALLOT LECTORS will find upon their ballots in tary mentality that created thai wall, effective in its lime is of no moment now. It took the fall of France to convince the moribund mind of the French general staff, however, that the Maginot line, as a defensive measure in modern warfare, was just as effective as the wall of China in preventing I 01 wl "' n v ' 1Jay wil1 colne ln Eui '°i> p - * ^-' t «-.A.14i.^.«.bl ** f-* Hi«_B_4*~ » A . ~ _ _ ._ f \ . ^ ^. • the Highl of bombing planes. *HT* 1 .1 od For almost f>000 vcars the military mind November Proposition No. 112 sponsored j ias j )0 lieved in walls and fortresses, bastions by the Merchants and Manufacturers Asso- and parapets, but the modern airplane has ciation of Los Angeles. Will not such dec- rudely dispelled these conceptions and the tors wonder what would be the opinion of fact that the western nations arc surviving those merchants and manufacturers of the and winning this war today is based upon southern city and area if the proposal men- the truth Hint the: false security of the "wall" aced their own business interests and their j has been forever ended, future existence? Yet ibe authors and immediate- supporters of this proposal would do to labor what they would resent if a movement were on foot that would seriously afl'cct their own welfare. In connection with the proposition il is interesting lo observe that among those who strongly oppose its passage are Earl Warren, Governor of the stale; the Stale Chamber of MAGNIFICENT RESPONSE in: magnificent response evoked by Governor Dewey in Los Angeles was not a matter of newspaper hyperbole, but a fact attested by Ihe presence of 9.3,000 persons in Hie great Memorial Coliseum. The Republican candidate made a vcrv *Commerce, the San Francisco Chamber of favorable impression indeed on the tremendous crowd thai assembled from all Los Commerce, the Sacramento and Central VaJlev Councils of the State Chamber of • Commerce, the California Farm Bureau, and other farm bureaus. Boards of Supervisors, the Church Federation of Los Angeles and Veterans' organizations. This is a record of opposition that will not fail to interest Ihe voter who has not vet informed himself of *^ the effect of such legislation upon employes and business throughout the stale. If the amendment were to find approval it would be dirccllv contrarv to Section 1, v +* r jclc 1, of the State Constitution, which rfcads: "All men arc by nature free and independent and have certain inalienable rights among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing and protecting property and pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness." Organized labor in this slate is advantaged by the right it possesses of entering into contracts with employers, and if those employers compare the morale of wage-earners now with that of another day, thry will agree that the Merchants and Manufacturers Association of Los Angeles would destroy *. r ^ what has rendered a real service not only K. to those who toil but to employers and to the stale itself. The passage of the proposal would not only annul this section of California's Constitution, but il is also contrary to Ihe basic Angeles to do him honor and to support his campaign for the Presidency. It is interesting to note, loo, that the crowd was much greater in number than that which assembled to hear Wendell Willkie, tlie 10-10 presidential nominee. The crowd was (lie largest to assemble before Governor Dcwey since Ihe start of bis speaking campaign and one of the largest ever greeting a political candidate in the • West. HARRY CHANDLER AMI OHM A and Californians learn with deep regret of Ihe passing of Harry Chandler, head of the Los Angeles Times for » a half century, and under whose guidance that publication has developed into one of the foremost journals of Ihe nation. And Mr. Chandler did something more than to build a great newspaper. Through the years he not only made substantial contribution lo Ihe development of a marvelous city but bis service to an entire section of which that cit is the center was out- reports, from Quebec and ihe I'ruiU il»elf, say that the AJJiwJ drive is .HtJJl ahead of schedule. The liist official word said five days. The latest report is a month, which ran he considered 1'runi two angles. K is hardly likely that we have pained any on the actual ground- la king schedule in the last few weeks of hit-reading Gorman resistance. We could be in better position for the final battle, both a« to or- Kani/ation of supplies and reserves, than was expected a month ago. The conservative appraisal is that Krance was reconquered somewhat earlier and at smaller cost than expected, so that now we enter the battle of Germany in better shape generally. From here on out there are itiunv i m no mle rubles. • ^ A breakthrough at Arnhem in the next few days, which is. not loo much to expect, could result in the crumbling of I ho whole German line. Allied officers express douht as lo the value of German along the Dutch border, the Xa/.is rely strongly flooded Dutch lowlands. But it is too much to hope that the Germans are entirely dependent on water defenses which proved no real barrier to them in 1940. They undoubtedly have done everything possible to prepare defenses in depth deep into Germany. So tlie. big factor is Die German army—whether it is now offering, with its last strength, a tough but thin crust backed with little filling. or whether the Allies must penetrate miles and mile** of defenses as strongly defended as we have found the outposts. Bad weather already has come to Ihe channel across which reserves and supplies must move. Hatton's tanks have run into heavy' rains, which, together with tog in Holland, have interfered with the, air arm. Another fortnight will see increasingly bad weather as a regular thing. October would be the month in standing. Culture in the southern area, ils educational advancement, betterments along business and industrial lines were furthered by the purposeful life of Mr. Chandler. The people of today are, and those of tomorrow EDITOR'S NOTE—Until »uch time a* Ernie Pyle'a column Is resumed following hfj vacation, thfa apace wJJJ be used for war feature e'ariea. By J. M. ROBERTS, Jr. j By HAT-. BOYLE Hy Associated JTeaa j PAKIS. Sept. IS. (Delayed) (.£»>— Developments of the next few i France is a land of ceremony. You flaj-H may Kive us a pretty ffood idea ! fj m i a ritual for everything from opening a bottle of champagne to paying a bill—and most of these rltualH begin or end with a shaking: of hands. French people shake hands when they meet you and they shake hands when they leave you. And if the conversation laps at any time they probably will pump it up by grabbing your hand for another shake and start saying, "bon! bon!'' over- and over again. As a matter of fact, most conversations in French seem to consist of a rapid .series of interchanged exclamations of "oui, oui!" "alois, alors'" and "non,*non!" which could be translated roughly as "yes, yes!" "well, well!" and "no. no!" This obviously leads nobody anywhere and as a result French conversation to the great mass of American soldiery in Paris seems rather pointless. "Nobody gets to first base in that language," is the general verdict. The Parisian handshake has none nf the vibrating qualities of the Anglo-Saxon handshake, which resembles two men trying to calm down an excited malted milk machine. In France it's more like an old-Cushioned game of Indian hand- wrestling. When you meet a friend you grab his hand at about chin level, grip hard and then give one long, violent downward jerk, letting go quickly when your hand is perpendicular to his left shin. Then you both try to regain your balance. A Frenchman with a broken arm would be absolutely tongue-tied he- cause no conversation in this country starts without a handshake and a polite "Comment allez-vous?" (How go you?) Waiters in French restaurants are pained to hysteria by thirsty soldiers who open champagne by twisting out corks or pulling them with corkscrews. That is too easy. The garcons prefer the gentle ceremony by which they manipulate the cork from the bottle gradually with the fingertips until the imprisoned. bubble gas blows the loosened stopper free with a violent popping sound. If the cork doesn't hit the ceiling you're a bush- leaguer. rom e Fil es o Th e aiiTornian defense's believing on the which to win the- war. 'November 15 would be the outside limit unless the Allies were willing to risk some very serious delays. All of which gives the idea that the fall of Arnhem will see Elsen- hower turn loose his Sunday punch. TEN YEARS AGO (The (Jalifornian, th's date. 19341 Tht Reverend Father Michael J. Stack, pastor of St. Francis Catho- Hc Church, htfs been assigned to a new par tab at Merced. Ronald Clark of the high school faculty will direct a community chorus, according In Guy Jaggard, who is taking a leading part in organizing the group. Wedding bells will peal for a Bak- ersfleld belle when Miss Ruth Bell becomes the bride of Vernon Bell soon. A reunion was held at the home of Mr. and Mrs. E. A. David in celebration of their fifty-seventh wedding anniversary. Charles Willett of Loa Angeles has boon rescued after spending three days on Piute Mountain. He is under the care of physicians having suffered extensively from exposure when he lost his way. N ews -(By PAUL MALLON) TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, thia date. 191M) George Premo has been made deputy United States marshal, the appointment having been announced today through United States Mar- shal'A. C. Sittel. Trailing their men for miles through underbrush and across fields. Deputy Sheriffs Phil Fickert and C. E. Getchell and Captain \V. E. Snell «f the state traffic police this morning captured three Kolsom penitentiary convicts who escaped Tuesday from Kern River road camp. Several local students and teachers will visit Fresno October 5 to see Helen Wills play tennis. Fire of undetermined origin today destroyed a small frame grocery store at the corner of Chester avenue and Thirteenth street. H y woo nan (By ERS1UNE JOHNSON> acdvilirs. WINGED CARS law of Uic nation, which in the Fourteenth will ever be, beneficiaries of his useful Amendment says that no slate shall "deprive any person of life, liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of law.'* The contracts and mutual agreements between employer and employed arc property in the best sense of the term and, unless we mistake the sentiment of the electors of California, they will overwhelmingly reject the proposition now submitted for their approval. And, in considering this tjucslion, it is timely to say thai no situation exists afi'ccl- ing employer and employed which cannot be cured by round-thc-tablc conferences. On the whole that has worked admirably in Ihe past and it will prove equally effective in the future. Again, this is no time lo take a step which would destroy what has been buildcd through the years. And, too, we have a great war problem facing the nation, the solution of which will afl'ect our people through the generations. It certainly is inimical to the common welfare to give approval to a proposition for which there was and is no popular demand, and acceptance of which would not only militate against the solution of our great world problem of today but against problems thai may present themselves in the future affecting both labor and industry. 1 :TO salesmen of the future, when they sell you a car, will ask you: "With or without wings?" according to Roscoe Turner, former racing pilot. The erstwhile flier said he was not kidding— that ears will be equipped with wings and that these wings may be left at the airports after a plane has made a landing to drive along as an automobile. The combination is not a projection of imagination but a realilv now, Mr. Turner ™ .* tt * said. Folding wings arc commonplace on aircraft carriers and detachable wings are also common to the aviation industry. A plane streamlined for aerial travel would be ideal in conformation for use on highways. RANDOM NOTES fuselage END OF FORTRESSES T HIS week, in Holland, saw the historical end of fortifications in modern warfare as we know of them in medieval periods. An attache of our armed forces has received his discharge from the navy after four years of service and he is now calling frantically for "co-operation" in the conduct of the war in the Pacific. Apparently, he overlooks the fact that co-operation may be weakened by senseless criticism. At least be can to prevent that which he clamors for, the support of our Allies and of our own people in Ihe struggle to defeat Japan. It matters not to this former official thai Prime Minister Churchill has, not once, but frequently stressed the altitude of Great Britain in the war against Japan. He has contributes what Exclusively Yours: Jon Hall's nose will be permanently scarred as a grim reminder of Hollywood's battle of the balcony. The plastic surgery, performed on a nose which previously had undergone plastic surgery, is not taking properly. Don't surprised if Xavy Captain CJone Markey and Myrna Loy combine Christmas bells \vith wedding bells. It's old hat that a lady can change her mind, so we weren't surprised to hear that Alice Faye will be return- Ing to the screen in the musical version of "State Fair." She's the little lady, you may remember, who swore she would never appear on the screen again except in straight dramatic roles. Sophie Tucker, in her sixties, is taking golf lessons from comic Jack Durant. Pat O'Brien sugests: "Before you tell a gal nowadays her stockings are wrinkled, be sure sho wears "em." Josephine Dillon, ex-wife of Clark Gable and the one responsible for his career, has a new discovery— Charles Carroll. He's due for a buildup at one of the major lots. Note from a certain Private Red Skelton: "It's really beautiful here at Camp Roberts. We call our camp 'The Forest' because we have one tree three feet tall and it has 53 leaves on it. I counted them. And when you put 300 men under a tree that size, it's almost like sitting in the sun." After renting Hedy Lamarr's house, Xavier Cugat commented: "I hope sho forgets some day that she's moved." After Dark: Robert Walker and Judy Garland dancing cheek to cheek at the Biltmore Bowl. Within the next few days your Hollywood reporter is taking a va«a- tion. We're so tired we can hardly keep our ears open. While we're away, the column will he in the hand* of such famous Hollywoodites as Moss Hart, Eddie Cantor, Joan Davis, Danny Kaye, Lester Cowan, Loretta Young, Sonny Tufts, Alfred Hitchcock, Gypsy Rose Lee, Al Jol.son, Monty Woolley, Paulette Goddard, Harry James and Kenneth Thompson, chairman of the Hollywood Victory Committee. Marty Lewis, the Paramount radio director, and Dorothy Van Nuys. one of the most beautiful of the Ziegfeld Follies girls, have discovered each other. Overhead by Lloyd Bacon: "She certainly puts on the dog—and doesn't she wish it were silver fox." After years of knocking off bad men in those wild westerns, Hollywood has found a new switch—a member of the fair sex gets killed in a gun duel. It happens In Metro's "Gentle Annie." As the accomplice-mother of a pair of bandit sons, Marjorie Main dies following a gun battle with Sheriff Barton MacLane. The Canadian Film weekly reports this double bill: "40,000 Horsemen— They AH Kissed the Bride." Director Raoul Walsh and Lillian Gish played a reunion scene the other day at Paramount. He directed her 35 years ago. Character actor Martin Kosleck, who was a Max Heinhardt student in Europe, is writing the life story of the great professor. Arthur Napier, the actor who plays a symphony conductor in the Twentieth Century-Fox film, "Hangover Square," went to see Sir Thomas Beecham direct the Los Angeles Symphony Orchestra. Asked by director John Braham what he had learned, Napier said: "If I attempted one-half the gymnastics Sir Thomas goes through you would put me in a straitjacket." Copyright, 1944, NEA Service, Inc. R J i T7* • ^ eaders 1 Viewpoint KDITOU'S NOTE)—Lett** ihould tM limited to 150 word*; nay stuck Ideu but not persons; must not be ibiulve and should be written legibly and on one ild* of the paper. The Californian la not re.sponslbJt for the 8*ulm«its oontlined therein and ncer?M the right to reject any letters. Letters rouat betr an autbentlo addreat and signature, although tbetr will he withheld il desired. Actually, the Maginol and Siegfried lines, i promised in the past, and he promises now, tactically, were as archaic when they were i to give a full measure of support to I lie built as the great Chinese Wall, which was I'm'tcd Stales as soon as Germain is con- constructed in the third century B. C. qucrcd. What more ihe critic could ask is When the British Second Army dl'cclcd not very clear, unless and until it is deler- its juncture lasl week with the airborne , mined that England is not keeping her infantry of Ihe American Army near Xijme- j pledge. We have enough problems without gen, the Siegfried line had been outflanked, j attempting to create more ditlicult ones. just as easily as had the Germans outflanked • When a former otlicial of Ihe government of the Maginot line four years earlier. the United States slightingly speaks of our When a Chinese emperor named Ti caused Allies, seeks to discredit activities in the Far the Chinese wall lo be built for some 2000 miles between China and Mongolia, at a height ranging from 20 to 50 feet and will ckness of from 15 lo 25 feel, he had effected one of the grealesl defensive structures in the world at that time, but that time three centuries before the birth of Christ and not almost two centuries after the nativity. * No longer can the world find security in masonry, or topography. These former military, vd vantages have no more than tempo* rary tactical utilities to anqies of this day. East, blames labor in Australia and New Guinea for mm co-operation, he seemingly does not realize that he is making more difficult the task which confronts us and our Allies. _ And this one critic is not the onlv offender & making tribution calculated to prevent rather than to stimulate co-operation. All such remind the thoughtful citizen of the individual who said, in considering a given problem, that he "would think about" it. But when lie came lo try he discovered that he had nothing lo think FOR BAKEKSFIEL.D Editor The Californian: May 1 add my little word to what has probably grown into quite a controversy over the relative merits ot' the climate of New York and BaUerst'ield? I am a Bakerstteld native who has livvd in New York for several months, and therefore maybe I can he counted as a native of the San Jouquin Valley who really has known "the glory of a day in spring iu Xew York." No wonder everybody is happy to see the weak, watery sunshine trickle down between the buildings, after plowing through that black slush they call snow, and fighting the howling gales all winter. 1 Iwve known the "soft winds of May," when you get another humU'ul of dirt In each eye at every corner. 1 have seen the Hud- won Valley. It is beautiful—almost aw beautiful as California—but it is jusl us hot as the city, and with the transportation facilities what they are now, it is almost impossible to get there. 1 am now living through, the "beautiful, cool September days." Last night we had a terrible hurricane which cost many lives and much property damage, and today it is steaming hot again. 1 understand there really are trees and lakes and beaches, around here some place. However, we who are busy making the products necessary lo win the war, have little or no time to dash off to Long Island for 9 swim, or up to the Valley to look at the trees. I haven't even had time to set* the famous Brooklyn, let alone lake in the beauties of nature we are told exist other places on th« island. One Sunday I did get up enough energy In spite of the heat to visit Central Park, After standing up on a bus for an hour, I found about two million people had the Hume Idea, and the thought of fighting that mob just to see a few trees and on the vain hope of getting a breath of air is too much for any Californian who is used to shady, tree-lined streets, and cool, green lawns in front of nearly every house. To say we, even the veterans of Xew York summers, were "uncomfortable" this summer is a masterpiece of understatement. We sweltered, we choked, \ve lay awake nights thrashing about gasping for air like a trout newly taken from the lovely, cool Kern river. Oh, yes, I, too, shall make a move as soon as my job is done, and I most certainly will be moving right back to our "enchanted desert" to cool off in the summer and warm up in the winter — - to work in an air-coolod office in the summer, and a warmly heated one in the winter. I'm coming: back where I don't have to stand up on a bus or a subway for hours to see a tree or a little strip of water, and where I don't have to dress and suffer as If I were at the North Pole in winter. Then we'll both be happy. A BAKERSFIKLD CALIFORNIAN In New York. t^^M "GOOD LOGIC" Editor The Californian: I wish to commend the letter written by G. I., in September 13 Reader's Viewpoint, in answer to "Cold Logic." G. I/s letter was most aptly phrased and to the point. It embodied nothing but the truth and facts covering our President and his administration, and I was most happy to have one so able to express my views as I was unable to put In actual words what I felt when. I read with indignation the letter of "Cold Liogic." I am sure that all "fair minded" people and those with loved ones in the service of our country will agree with G.I. Signed, THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Callfornlan, this dale, 1914) .- and Sire. B. S. Hageman entertained Kosedale "Whist Club at a watermelon party last night. In celebration of the birthday anniversary of Frances E. Willard, AV. C. T. U. will hold a day of fast- inp and prayer, September 28. Forty students are now registered at Taft Hlph School. A strange phenomenon in oil circles occured Thursday in Marl- copa when, after giving but 10 barrels daily, No. 7 well on the Webster lease began to run 350 barrels. Contract for rebuilding of Ta ft garage was let yesterday to W. B. Finley. Mrs. Jay Hinman arrived home yesterday after spending three months in Oshkosh, Wis. WASHINGTON, Sept. 25.—A California professor made a speech at Cleveland last week saying truly that "claims of superiority for people bused on racial purity" are biolob- Ical rot. That ia no newa. It has often been stressed. He was speaking a postmortem on the politics Hitler plnyeu in Germany trying to build up the notion that the Nordics are a "pure strain" and therefore greater as a race, Just to get them to fight harder for him and hJs cause. His tactics deceived few. T^e victorious march of our armies on Berlin is sufficient current proof to the unthinking of what reasonable men have long known about the "superiority" of the Germans. But does this make us biologically superior? The Russians also are driving upon Berlin and have gone a greater distance. In truth, these developments reflect the activity, energy, skill and production of our winning nations. They have nothing to do with biology. Yet in this constant reiteration oC simple biology truths, among speakers who get In the dally news, I have seen no .one point out that there are certain differences, certain superiorities among nations as well as among men. The Germans made a pretty good grade of steel before the war. They showed exceptional skill and energy in contriving* and fighting this war. Some of their philosophers are popular In this country—and indeed in Kussia. (Mr. Karl Marx, for one). I have heard people attribute these successes to "the German mind.' 1 But it was the German mind which made the biggest blunders of the last L*U years now leading to their destruction. What then makes a nation, a race or a people superior? Well, obviously there are differences of superiority between people. In this country, for instance, the Declaration nf Independence said all are created free and equal before law. but it is an acknowledged fant that no two people are precisely equal. In all the history of the world therefore, some- making speeches in any country, no t^'o persons existed who had precisely the same personality or were exactly equal in mentality, ability, energry. Some like to work, some don't. Home cheat, some do not. Even twins differ essentially in their beings. The natural endowment o£ men at birth is variously influenced by their experiences in life. * These, then, are the standards by which men judge each other as superior or Inferior, the natural standards of ability evident In them* selves. Exactly the same differences exist in nations as in men. When the average individual ability ia high, the people or nations are obviously superior. It seems to me, one ought to be stressing the need for higher intellectual standards in the country, the need of developing better workmanship, inspiring greater ability, promoting greater individual and national energy. That is the only way we can keep our nation superior In the postwar world. Armaments alone will not da it. Someone will always come along with a better gun, unless we maintain a superior ability to creata- one. That force of higher practicaliRm must always be behind our armaments, as well as our lives. This whole question of national and race conflict has become involved in auch stressing of tolerance—needful stressing—that th« people who read the front pages and listen to speeches may have forgotten the visible, inspirational and intellectual standards which do really guide men. Tolerance does not meaif tolerance of sloth or chicancary for instance. The responsibility for perpetuating our historic idealism rests on leadership because the people will do not better than their leaders. No matter what their constitution, the'ir attitude toward tolerance and equality, their arms or whatever else, they will be no more superior than their standards. I would like to read some speeches about that. IH44. by Kin* Features Syndicate. Inf. All rlRMs reserved. Reproduction In full or in part itrlctly prohibited.) Ill OO. umn. (Bv PETER EDSON) FORTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1904) Headlines: Editor Joseph Pultlzer Strongly Arraigns President Roosevelt: Recklessness, Gross Extravagance, and Dictatorial Methods Are Charged. Carlie Withington is having plans drawn for a new brick building on his property, corner of Nineteenth and K streets. The Conklin estate will erect a one-story sandstone brick building on the corner of L and Nineteenth streets, where the five-cent saloon was located before the fire. The Oracle, school paper, was the subject of an address by Irving Browev, editor-in-chief, when high school pupils were guests of the senior class at a party last night. To raise funds for the new church, Catholics of the community will hold a fair in November. FIFTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date, 1894) Charles Maio. Californian pressman, is confined to his bed with a fever. N. Nathan has purchased the Philadelphia shoe store of which he has been manager for a year. A license to wed has been granted George H. Howard and Miss Mary Ella Pemberton. Harry Matlock, grape picker for Ar. Sides, is challenging grape pickers on the amount to be picked In one day. He filled 181 trays from 6 a. m. to 6' p. m. Saturday, thereby earning $4.52. Elias Conn, for several years employed as a grocery clerk, has returned from San Francisco and taken a position in the post office. St. Paul's Guild will meet tomorrow for its first fall meeting at the home of Mrs. A. C. Maude. SO THEY SAY Now one thing makes me positively sick—that is about the small business man getting coddled. All the little businessman asks is a fair chance so he can work freely and not be discriminated against.— Maury Maverick, chairman Smaller War Plants Corporation. We cannot afford to make tax reductions merely for the purpose of reducing the tax of any taxpapers or for the purpose of removing any taxpayer from the tax rolls.—Rep. Robert L. Doughton (D-N. C.) chairman ways and means committee. The most we ca/i hope for is that taxes will be designed to produce the minimum interference with factors and forces leading to full employment.—Roy Bl(|igh, treasury department tax research director. She came out and spit at me and called us swine.—Staff Sergeant John Sullivan of New York City, on capture of woman in Siegfried Line pillbox. The future of science in this country will be determined by our basic educational policy.—pr. James Conanl, president Harvard U. PEN SHAFTS The dollar is cheaper than it was before the war. but we, hope the income tax collector doesn't find that out. Too bad rationing laws can't be stretched to apply to the gas used by political machines. We'd like to see ^a peace plan •drawn up by the fellow who paints the pictures for the seed catalogs. The automobile was invented in 'the nineties, and some of them are beginning to look it. Love Is blind, they say. And sometimes dumb. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY Then I saw that wisdom excelleth folly, as far as light excelMh darkness. — Kcclcsiastcs 2:13. * * * A man's wisdom Is his bent friend; folly, his worst enemy.—Sir William Temple. All signs now point to a National War Labor Board recommendation that basic wage rates of American industrial labor be raised. You can't find any man or woman in the country who will say that he or she shouldn't have a raise, and you can't find any politician who will argue against wage raises, especially just before an election. A new wage policy would therefore seem to be in the bag and you can chalk this up as one of the slickest and best- timed breaks the Democratic party ever got. The charge will probably be made that "they planned it that way." Before arguing yourself blue in the face about the ethics of this maneuver, consider first whether the \Var Labor Board has any right to declare a new wage-raising policy, under the laws and executive orders which set it up. A curbstone opinion would seem to be that the board does have this authority, but take a look at some of the arguments: In the first place, the board's authority extends until six months after the end of the war, as declared by the President or Congress. That means not just the end of the war against Germany, but the end of the war against Japan, which may not come before 1946. So there is no danger that the board's jurisdiction may be running out. Under Executive Order 9017, setting up the board, it is charged with finally disposing of labor disputes which might interrupt work which contributes to the effective prosecution of the war. The board might therefore find itself out of a job if the secretary of labor should not certify a case to the board as affecting the war effort, but the board itself has frequently taken the position that any labor dispute, even a strike in a confetti plant, is most certain to have a detrimental effect upon the war effort. It is a question, however, whether this situation would be equally-true after the end 6f the war in Europe. To War Labor Board Chairman William H. Davis, this V-E Day is even more significant than election day, because it is more imminent and because after V-E Day the country will have a divided economy— part war economy and part a deliberate effort to convert to peacetime production. The War Labor Board has been giving a great deal of thought lately to what effect this V-E Day will have on its wage policies. And Chairman Davis admits frankly that in this coming period of a two- headed economy, he doesn't know whether a strike in a confetti plant will affect the war effort or not. His present inclination seems to be that even though the board is a war agency, if it is expected to settle disputes affecting the continuing war effort against Japan, it must have some pattern on which to base its settlement. "Inevitably, 11 he says, "we are on the threshold of a new wage policy for a period in which we will have a shortage of goods and an abundance of labor." But he points out that the change in policy might easily be different from the policies demanded by the A. F. of L. and the Steelworkers. There is one field in which the board might be limited. This comes through the fact that the board has no discretion in making any change* . in the administration's wartime stabilization policy as set forth in Presidential Executive Orders 9260 and 9328. Executive Order 9250, creating the • Office of Economic Stabilization and outlining stabilization policy, declares that "The National War Labor Board shall not approve any increase in wage rates prevailing on September 15, 1942," with certain exceptions. The same principle is restated in Executive Order 9328 of April 8, 1943, directing no further increases in wages or salaries, except to correct substandards of living or to compensate for rises in the cost of living from January 1, 1941, to May 1, 1942. as set forth in the Little Steel formula. These orders look like a tight fence—with an open gate almost every 10 feet. What the courts would'er coud do in preventing the War Labor Board from declaring a new wage policy that might seem to be in contradiction to these orders, is something you'll have to ask the Philadelphia lawyers. While waiting for your answer, the President could easily dash off a new executive order, repealing 9250 and 9328 and declaring something else to be the postwar stabilization policy, or the reconversion stabilization policy. Questions an A nswers Q. How many times has Josh White, the ballad singer, performed at the White House?—M. B. A. Current biography says that he has sung by invitation three times at the White House, one of these times being his appearance at the last presidential inauguration. Q. What does the court cry, Oyez, mean?—A. B. L. A. It means, hear ye. It came Into our language from the Latin through Old French. The cry is usually uttered three times, to demand silence in a courtroom. • Q. Are there Jews in every state? F, T. W. A. There are Jews in every state of the Union, and every state has at loast one principal community. All cities of 25,000 population or over, in every state have Jewish residents, Q. What are the average ages of sailors, soldiers and marines?—S. A. M. A. The average sailor is 23.5 years of age, the average soldier 25.78 years, and the average marine 23.5 years. Q. How much does an electron microscope magnify? J. E. H. N A. An electron microscope magnifies 10,000 to 30,000 times and with a photographic enlargement, 100,000 to 200 000 times. Q Are dogs especialy trained tor show purposes? N. E. B. A Such dogs are uaually trained from the time they are puppies and often attend "theatrical school" before being entered in a show. Q. What does the name Windsor mean? E. F. F. A. The word means "winding shore. Q. When was the last general election In France? M. D. J, A. The Popular Front election of 1936 wa» the laftt held in France. Q. How many times has Joe Louis been defeated since he turned professional ?—M. G. Y. A. From 1934, when he turned professional, until 1942 when h*> joined the army, Louis suffered only one defeat. This was a 12-round knockout by Max Schmeling, June 19, 1936. expression," in flower Was In historical published Q. What does the When knighthood was come from? E. B. A. A "When Knighthood Flower" was a popular novel by Charles Major, in 1898. The name was chosen by the publishers. Q. Is West Virginia a southern state? P. S. A. Although most of West Virginia lies south of the Mason and Dixon line, it has never been counted a southern state. Q. Who was the Greek hero who was so strortg he could carry a bull? G. McB. A. Milo, A a Greek military and athletic leader, carried a bull which he had regularly lifted as a calf. Q. What poet Is sometimes referred to as the American Wordsworth?—R. I. A. William Cullen Bryant IB called the American Wordsworth. Q. What states have a town named Bethlehem?—H. W. P. A. Connecticut, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, New Hampshire and Pennsylvania. • Q. Is Inauguration Day a national- holiday?—S. V. A. By act of Congress Inauguration Day is a public holiday in the District of Columbia. A rwdcr oati let Uif antwer to «n» cutttion of fact bf writ Lot Tba BafertfUU CtUfoialui Inform ilk* Bureau, M8 Eft Btrttt. N. X., WMhinctoo. X, D. C. Ftoui ••lati tfeiw (I) OMMI for itply. 1

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