Saturday, September 23, 1944 Cbttorial JJage of Cfje Pafeerstftefo Calffornian ALFRED HARRELL IDITOI AMD FCILIIBIR Entered In post office at Bakersficld, California, ni- second class mail under tbe act of Congress March S, 3878. REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday Co.. Inc. New Tork. Chicago. San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, Portland. Denver WASHINGTON, D. C.. BUREAU The Haskln Service. Wiishlngton. 1), C. By carrier or mall (In advance) In postal zom-a one. two. three, per month. S5c; six months, $5,10; on* year, J'J.OO. Viy mail in postal zones four to ctdht, per month. Jl.or. SOLVING PART OF THE PROBLEM W HAT to do with Germany and Japan when the war is over ami those countries are fully under the control of the Allied Nations—which is a necessity if we are to enjoy peace hereafter! As we consider the days and years when war is no more, let us look at the record, insofar as it affects the United States during a period since December, 1911. The figures from official sources at Washington disclose, that our casualties are in excess of 100,000— 337,000 in the army and M,000 in the navy, the number of killed being 6-1,000 in the army and 25,000 in the navy. The list of the casualties, of course, also includes the wounded, the prisoners of war and the missing. This is but a part of what Germany and Japan have done to America alone. What we must do now is to see that they are never in a position to again plunge other nations into war, and the reader will have no patience with that sentiment which seems to manifest itself in some quarters where it is accepted as a possibility that the rulers and the people of the t\vo enemy countries would not take advantage of every opportunity to bring about a third world war. Let us finish the job now. That is Ihe sentiment of leadership, irrespective of party, and it is the sentiment of the vast majority of the men and women of the United States. In the light of history there is but one way to prevent another war with these Fascist states in the next quarter of a century, and we must follow that road to guard the world against the ambition of the nations which arc responsible for the tremendous loss of life in the war now in progress. For they would as readily sacrifice other thousands in the years to come if permitted to do so. That must be made impossible through Allied control lasting, not only for a year or two years, but for a long period of time, long enough perhaps to re-educate another generation. That may not make definitely for world peace, but it will render harmless, at least, two potential enemies. BILL OF RIGHTS A NATIONAL survey recently completed has disclosed the fact that only 23 per cent of the persons interviewed had the slightest idea of what constituted the American Bill of Rights. So astonishing was the result of this survey that an attempt is being made to give wider publicity to the Bill of Rights that the public may be enlightened as to the substance of these guarantors of freedom. Cornell University is taking the lead in this reaction and is offering lectures on civil liberties. Other schools are following suit to inform students on a matter which most of us assumed had been developed in the grade schools. The Bill of Rights is contained in the Constitution, and includes the basic principles of freedom, and they are: The first article guarantees freedom of religion, speech, of the press, and petition for redress of grievances. The second article gives the people the right to bear arms, and without this right during the revolutionary days, this country would not have come into existence. Article three prevents quartering soldiers in any house without the consent of the owner during limes of peace. j The Fourth Article is protection against | Unreasonable search and seizures. ! The next four guarantee the citizens' | rights in courts, providing a speedy trial, protection of life, liberty and the pursuit of happinqss, trial by jury and due process of I law. J The ninth protects other rights of people not enumerated in Hie Constitution, and the tenth reserves the rights to stales and people of those not expressly given to the Federal government or prohibited by the states. The most important thing to know about the Bill of Rights is that they are not static and enduring without fighting for them. There have been innumerable attempts to curtail various tenets of the Bill of Rights, notable among these being endeavors to restrict freedom of speech in the press, to prevent citizens from owning and bearing firearms, and attempts to restrict court rights of individuals. Greatest champions of the Bill of Rights have been the newspapers of the nation. FLOATING AIR FIELDS T HE United States is making no secret of Uie fast that it now has more than 100 aircraft carriers in use and tyiis information is according to the careful collection of facts for which "Jane's Fighting Ships" is noted, as the definitive text on such mailers. Doubtless our naval intelligence is pleased with the fact and that this information has undoubtedly reached Japanese naval officers by this time. Furthermore, the United States Navy now has a new fighter plane, the Grumman 7F7, a twin-engine, carrier based plane which is the finest fighter in the world today, according to advance performances of the airplane, soon to be in large scale production. The fact that the navy has this great fleet of carriers makes it feasible for us to continue our amphibious type of warfare necessitated by the vast marine distances in the Pacific. Carrier based planes, unfortunately, have short range.and their bomb loads are small in comparison with those of land based planes. The carriers themselves having mobility, however, make up for the short range of the carrier based planes. The fact too that we have a fleet in the Pacific, overwhelmingly superior in numbers and fire power to that of the Mikado, makes it possible for our task forces to move at will in their self-determined theater of operations. PROPOSITION NO. 3 Tke War JL odl ay EDITOR'S NOTE—Until «uch time as Ernie Pyle'i column Is resumed following his vacation, this space will be used for war feature stories. By HAL ROMORANTI.V. France, Sept, 17. (Delayed)— (JP>— Those who saw it will long remember "the screwball war." 1 In battle all things are possible, but none of the 19 young American soldiers who "captured" the last i 20,(100 troops below the Loire river j over thought they would be hauling rations for an enemy still under iirms, or politely giving road directions to a car full of lost Nazis. It was a unique episode in mill- tnry history, this march by a heavily armed, .'10.mile German column through no-man's land to become willing prisoners of war in order to escape from French Maqul forces and the fearsome strafing from 1'nited States Ninth Air Force fighter bombers. Major-General Erich Eisner carried out to the letter his agreement to turn over his men, their supply trains and arms, once they reached the Loire river line, where there wore enough American troops to handle such a problem and guarantee tbe Nazis' protection from French partisans. Lieutenant Samuel W. MaGill of Ashtnbula. Ohio, and his 18 patrol scouts delivered ,nn their pact, too. They totprl tons of food and hay to the hungry Nazis and their hungry horses. Hut the French populace along the route just couldn't understand in-mod German columns being led along the road by American army jeeps. The people of this small town got so perturbed over the situation T in; ('lectors of the stale will pass upon several amendments' when they come to vote in November and it is well that they have their attention directed in advance to the .submitted proposals. One ot these is Proposition No. .'?, a State Constitutional amendment is designed to make it possible to rightly compensate officials in important positions. For ;Hi years the salaries of the (-on I roller, Treasurer, Secretary of Slate, Superintendent of Public Instruction and Lieutenant Governor have been fro/en. During that time the population has grown from 1.700,000 to over 7,500,000. A proposal which would have authori/ed a decrease, as well as any increase, in the salaries of these officials Avns rejected, and rightly so, by popular verdict. But the amendment now offered places with the Legislature the authority to determine and fix a proper compensation for each of the five officials, a power it has always had with respect to other public positions. The new amendment decrees that none of the salaries in question may be reduced to less than $5000, and the power which will be granted to the Legislature by the Act is the power it exercises with reference to other official places. It is the same authority that is given to the Congress of the United States in connection with the salaries of all federal officials. A "Yes" vote will correct a situation which still determines salaries on the basis of the standard of 1!)()8. RANDOM NOTES BOYLE r'hey hauled dowrl all the American flags which a few days before they had dared to display. Lieutenant Magill tactfully posted a notice explaining these mysterious military doings to the French civilians, and they hung out the Stars and Stripes again. Then they sent the 24-year-old Yank officer gifts of melons and other fruits. General Eisner bade farewell to the enlisted men of his staff in a small glade near a hunting lodge which the Germans used as a command post. "It goes heavily with Germany in these sad days," the small, middle- aged graying officer said. "It is a bitter time for us, but keep up your courage. After the war ends we will return to our country and build a finer Fatherland. I wiil never forget you." Lieutenant-Colonel Bertram Kalis- chof, 68119 Burns street. Forest Hills, N. Y., who supervised the official filming of scenes at the German command post, said several of the younger Germans looked as if they were about to break into tears. They broke ranks and General Eisner shook hands with each man. "Then," said Lieutenant-Colonel Kalisch, "he stepped back and saluted them and his men clicked their heels together and shouted 'Heil!' but there wasn't one of them who said 'Heil Hitler.' ' "One German soldier offered to join the American army and lead us through Germany." Holly wood Column -(By ERSKIXE JOHNSON r- Hollywood Nowsreel: William Powell, the detective hero of the Thin Man pictures, tearing his dressing room apart trying to find his gasoline coupon book. Greta Garbo putting on a pair of dark glasses before buying some flowers from a blind peddler. . . An extra, wearing the medals of a war hero, hiding behind some 'scenery when a real war hero visits the set. "oomphy," please . . . Seven prop men chasing a fly before Betty Grable can appear in a close-up for "Diamond Horseshoe." Eleanor Powell, who has a date with the stork, shopping for diapers in a Pieverly Hills store. . . . Barbara Stanwyck mailing four letters lo Lieutenant Robert Taylor. . . . W. C. Fields standing in line at a Hollywood restaurant and commenting, "And to think that people once stood in line to see me." A valet brushing off George Raft's clothes after a saloon brawl in "Nob Hill." . . . Production on a mystery thriller being delayed an hour until ] the actor who portrays the corpse reports for work . . . Irene Dunne stopping on n bus street to pick up a pin for luck. Lewis Stone pretending to shout his dislike for all film actors when a gasoline station attendant asks him if he is Lewis .Stone . . . Pan- lette Goddard tripping over a light cable while reading a fan letter . . . Edward Arnold bending in pontifical dignity to stroke the head of a goat tethered outside a sound stage . . . Joe E. Brown responding to his dentist's instructions to "Open wide, please." Lana Turner and Peter Lawford dancing profile to profile at a night club . . . Eddie Albert of the navy and Ronald Reagan of the army talking about the war. . . . Ann Sheridan, the oomph girl, posing for still pictures and being asked by the photographer to be a little more A little local history of an earlier day is interesting by way of comparison. The reader may have noted that the entire enrollment in the two high schools of the city is '1781—3(565 in West Bakersfield, and 1116 on the East Side. But our Fifty-Year- Ago column recently contained an item that the second term of the new Kern County High School, as it was then called, had begun, and that the enrollment was 42" on the first day and 41 on the second. There were only 7 girls in the list of enrollees, and two instructors made up the teaching force, E. F. Goodyear and Miss Kitty Crusoe, member of a pioneer family of this county. And so we grow. We have similar records in all lines of activity, comparisons for the half century showing the amazing progress the community has made. . Fifty years ago there were three carriers distributing The Californian; now serving the city and its environs the number has grown to 62. But then, the total circulation of The Californian of that older day was somewhere in the neighborhood of 300 as against a list now approaching 25,000. And the Bakersfield of 1891 had no cement sidewalks, except in the business district, and no modern streets insofar as paving is concerned. The expansion in the half century is a marvelous one and it is interesting to speculate, upon what the 50 years ahead of us will develop. At present we can only conjecture, though with realization that what we have seen is inconsequential as compared with what will be. John Wayne, who caught the stage in "Stagecoach," running after a taxicab—and missing it ... .Olivia de Havilland getting a spout of water in her face while trying to drink from a stoop-over fountain . . . Leo Carrillo answering his telephone in Chinese dialect. If he doesn't want to talk to you, he tells you that he's not at home. A black cat deciding to cross a studio street and Sonja Henie promptly changing her course. . . . Walter Pidgeon and his wife holding hands in a theater while watching him kiss Greer Garson. . . . An animal trainer pacifying a trained dog with a lollypop. ... A sawdust- filled dummy on an empty sound stage with a knife sticking in its back . . . Buster Crabbe, the swimming champ, rehearsing a drowning scene in three feet of water. From the Files of TKe Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date. 1934) Mrs. C. B. ViGario and Mrs. James Day will head the section on perennials at the City Garden Club's fall show October 27. "Another Language" is the play chosen by Bakersfield Community Theater for production November 6, with Mrs. A. B. Campbell as the director. Mrs. T. N. Harvey and daughter, Jean, journeyed south last night to see "Midsummer Night's Dream" and "Mary of Scotland." H. L. Healy has returned from a. meeting of school superintendents and explains that a plan is under way to re-organize school districts. M. P. Smith, local police officer, and his bride, the former Nellie Sharpneck, have returned from Santa Barbara, where they were married in August. TWENTY YEARS AOO (The Californian, this date, 1924) To complete plans for entertaining state convention here in October, Business and Professional Women's Club will meet Friday evening with Mrs. Alexander McDonnell. Mrs. Walter Moore will open classes in dancing October 4 in Elks Hall on Chester Avenue. Judge Erwin W. Owen and Bailiff Bob Pruitt are going hunting in the mountains back of Onyx next week. Fruit shipments for last week are around the 100-carload mark, Harold Pomeroy said today. Civic Commercial Association has apointed as its committee on the water problem. T. N. HarveV, Everett King and Leo G. Pauly. The committee also will represent that organization on the proposed revis ing of the city charter. Dr. Fred J. Crease has been named chairman of Kern County Republican Central Committee. WasLingifon Col iimn -<Bv PETER EDSON)- Harpo Marx, who never says anything on the screen, doing all the talking in the lobby of a Beverly Hills hotel. . . . J. Carrol Naish combing his beard in his dressing room mirror. . . . Extras in a mob fight tossing sponge rubber bricks at each other and "cracking" skulls with pieces of rubber pipe. . . . Deanna Durbin chewing on a pencil before signing her luncheon check in the Universal cafe. Rita Hayworth weighing herself on a penny scale. ... A press agent stopping a writer's tirade about a certain producer with: "Stop—you're talking about the man I'm paid to love." , . . Phil Silvers defining Hollywood as a place where they toast you today and roast you tomorrow. (Copyright. 1944, NBA Service. Inc.) 1 Ike Readers' Viewpoint EDITOR'S NOTE—Letlen ihould be limited to 150 word*: ma; attack Ideu but not persons: must not be abusive and tihould be written letfhly and on one side of the paper. The Gallfornlan la nut re.srjon.ilblf for the scmlmtnts contained therein and neervea tbe rlitht to njtet taj letters. Letters must bear tn authentic addrew and algnature, tlthouab tbese will be withheld If desired. Nor is the expansion confined to the city itself. There was no Wasco and no Arvin and no ShafTer, no McFarland in 1891, no settlement on the great West Side where a substantial part of the population of Kern now resides. The oilfields in that section had not been developed, and in the agricultural regions we were just beginning to learn that there was an undreamed potentiality in the land which we referred to as a "desert" and which included vast areas now under intensive cultivation and liberally augmenting the nation's food supply. ALERT DRIVERS Editor The Californian: Where I live on Nineteenth street at "C" the gutter, or sewer, is open across "C" street thus causing a sharp dip in the pavement. Every now and then some motorist comes buzzing along across Nineteenth and almost tears the car apart. Perhaps the driver thought the crossing was the same as at "D" street but it is not. Far too many drivers trust to their expectation, rather than the facts, when driving around. These motorists did not expect to find the depression in the street, otherwise they would have slowed down. That state of mind, of course, is one step toward an accident. It is very likely that If you placed four small barrels in the middle of Highway UK, in some' traffic lane, and placed a lighted red lantern on each one, that eventually some driver would knock them all over the place. He would probably not expect them there and perhaps think what he saw was a mirage. Unfortunately many drivers aro not alert to the unexpected. You might check your own driving habits In this regard. Just consider how much you are taking for granted, and how much you are really observing as you drive about. Remember it is tbe unexpected happening that causes most of the accidents. Alertness will go far toward stopping such occurrences. F. B. WILLIAMS. KIUES FOR SERVICEMEN Editor The Californian: I just received a letter from my son. He is stationed in an army camp about ;)5 miles from youi city. Last Sunday he and his buddy visited Bakersfield. Late in the afternoon the two boys went to the highway to try to get a ride back to camp. They .stood for two and ft half hours in the heat watching many hundreds of automobiles going by, most of them with back seats empty, and not one car stopped to see if they could give them a ride. At about 9:30 p. m. they gave the idea up and went back to the bus depot to wait until 11:30 p. in. and pay $1.15 for a bus ride to camp. If this happened to these two service men it must hapen to many more. The public can say these boys In uniform should not travel to town if they can not pay for a ride. That Is a very selfish way to feel. These boys will be going overseas soon. It might be several years before they come back and a (Treat many may never come back. Don't you think through your fine paper something can be done about this problem? Can't you do something to make the public conscious of their thoughtlessness to the service men? Also the bus lines charging such a price for so short a ride. Any consideration you are able to give this letter will be greatly appreciated not only by myself, but I am sure by many other mothers of boys in the service of their country. Respectfully, MRS. C. A. BALCOM. Ifi77a Treat Ave. San Francisco, 10. DRIVER'S LICENSE Editor The Californian: Commenting on recent editorials in regard to quantity production of new automobiles and the proposed dollar fee for a driver's license, I feel that it should not be considered in the light of an additional tax. It must be realized that the right to drive a motor vehicle is not an inalienable God-given right, but rather one bestowed by legal action upon the Individual meeting certain predetermined qualifications. The licensing of persons to operate motor vehicles is for the primary purpose of promoting safety, that Is, forestalling of unnecessary loss of life, physical suffering, sorrow and monetary expense which is the result of Insufficient control of the driving privilege. The driver's license service endeavors to the full extent of its capacity to screen out those persons who would otherwise be the direct cause of accidents, the latter ^alone amounting to $50 per person per year in California. If this can be reduced by an adequately financed driver's license service the benefits to the citizens of this state will be many times the small proposed dollar fee. This fee in .California would represent about 25 cents per year, which compares favorably with charges existing at the present time in 45 other states, varying from 25 cents per year to $3 per year for a like privilege. Yours truly, R. D. CALLISON, Driver's License Examiner. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, tins date. 1914) Headlines One Submarine Sank Three British Cruisers; Destruction of Vessels Brings Home to People Risks of War at Sea Under Modern Conditions. , Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Hughes will leave San Francisco late this week in their automobile arriving in Bakersfield some time Monday. Members of Exclusive Club were entertained this week at the home of Mrs. A. J. Woody. "Curse of Greed" is the play to be presented at Parra's theater tonight. Local Maxwell dealers are presenting a motion picture, "Prom Molten Steel to Automobile," at Pastime theater. Editorial note: People shout hard times and yet during the month of August there were sold in the United States 20,638 Ford cars. 40 YEARS AGO (The Calit'ornian, this date, 1904) Registration of voters is 2000 short of 1902 and only five days remain to get names on the great register. D. W. Tolar's house was wiped out by fire last night. Explosion of a gasoline stove caused the blaze. G. L. Robertson has attained 100 names for Anti-Tobacco League which is being organized. Charles Turner has been elected president of the high school freshman class. A news item from Russia today is as follows: "At an entertainment in honor of Japanese officers detained here as prisoners of war, society leaders vie with each other in show ing them every attention." Advertisement: Ringling Brothers September 24. $3,700,000 invested; $7400 daily expense; 1280 people; 200 unique acts; 100 dens of wild beasts; 85 railroad cars: 40 elephants; 20 camels; 60 Shetland ponies and 500 exhibits. SO YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date, 1894) William Smith left over the Santa Fe last night for a visit with his aged mother in New York. There were more drunken men in Bakersfield Saturday night than at any time during the past two years. They were generally good natured but very loud. Congressman W. W. Bowers will address his constituents here October 1. Fire broke out at St. Mary's College in Oakland last night and completely gutted the interior of the edifice. C. C. Crow of Crow's Landing is registered at the Southern. Lloyd Tevis came down from the city last night. Salvation Army will hold a parade tomorrow night led by Captain Chapman and wife, new commanding officers. For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we, can carry nothing out. —/ Timothy ti:7. Ah, make the most of what we yet may upend, Before we, too, into the dust descend. —Fitzgerald. SO THEY SAY Boys should be encouraged to remain in school. In the army we know that boys with sound educational training respond more rapidly to military training.—Major- General Sherman Miles.. No one nation is resourceful enough to achieve security and a high standard of living while leaving the rest of the world in a postwar wildness—Dr. Isaiah Bowman, president Johns Hopkins University. We must never forget that if we are to fight our enemies at the places and times of our choosing It will be because we maintain sea power.—Navy Secretary James Forrestal. • Where matters of politics are concerned, it Is unfair to expect foo much of the expert.—Dr. Everett Case, president Colgate University. Victory In Europe is sure by the end of 1944 if everyone does his part.—Acting Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson. I am convinced that our people can fight one more year under the same terrible conditions as now.—Dr. Ivan Subasltch, Yugoslav premier. PEN SHAFTS There seems to be no question but that Hitler will go down in history— at least six feet. Some women become nags because they are married to jackasses. Those seeking Inside Information can always call a doctor If you give a rap about Christmas for the boys overseas, you better start wrapping As usual, what's boiling in the political pot Is an awful stew. Your future moves just about as fast as you do. A lot of worms are turning now— to look for A chestnut. It's always fair weather till picnics get together. The best cereal story la that there are not points on that food item. Admitting that he is scared to death of postwar inflation and deflation, Price Administrator Chester Bowles has a neat little story to illustrate how some people in this country can get what he calls an Inflation psychosis, while others may be hit by the deflation jitters at the same time. It goes something like this: Here you have two families living in two houses, side by side. In one lives a war-plant worker whose wife has also had a war job. They've saVed up some money and want to build a house. Then along comes the end of the war, and these people lose their jobs. Immediately they start hoarding their money and holding back on their plans. That's deflationary. Right next to this family there lives an insurance salesman. He and h'is wife want to build a house, too. But the Insurance man thinks business is going to be good, and what scares him is that prices are going to be higher as soon as controls are off. He wants to build that new house now, and buy that new car now, before everything goes up. He's inflationary. Bowles points to these two cases, right on the same street, as examples of the crazy, cockeyed economy the country is going to have as soon as the war is over. Boom it can go up, or bang it can hit the skids. Officially, Bowies' won't guess which way it's going to go, believing that the drift may change from month to moath. But he realizes that a mistake by OPA on its postwar pricing policies may throw the economy one way or the other, and that's what he's hoping can be avoided. Right now, OPA is trying to plan how it can get out from under price controls as fast as possible and item by item, the same way it got in. In some cases prices may naturally drop below the present ceilings. The trick then is simply to take off the ceilings. At the same time, It will be necessary to put new price ceilings on items which haven't been in production and which you haven't been able to buy during the war years. In general, OPA now is aiming to have these items come back on the market at approximately the same prices in effect in the first quarter of 1942, when production of consumer durable goods was largely stopped. Going over the list of items that will be brought back into production* when the war is over, OPA hag found that less than a dozen types of goods make up 85 per cent of all the items which will need new price, regulation. Included in this list are automobiles and parts, refrigerators, sewing machines, vacuum cleaners, radios, pianos, heating equipment, watches and jewelry. OPA is asking the manufacturers of these lines to come to Washington in the next few weeks to work out their postwar pricing problems. Holding strictly to the view that It is to the manufacturers' advantage to keep prices low and build up volume of sales, Bowles believes business will see the need of price . regulation in the transition period. As fewer than 50 companies will manufacture nearly 80 per cent of all the new lines of goods that will have to be brought under new price * control, OPA's problem will be simplified. For the remaining 25,000 or more small manufacturers who turn out the eggbeaters, garbage pails and little stuff that make up the other 15 per cent of the goods needing new prices, OPA now plans two courses of action. First, small' business concerns with small volutne of product may be given complete ex-^ emption from price control. This will take a big administrative load off OPA shoulders and at the same time give small business a break In the fight for the highly competitive* postwar market. Second, small manufacturers may have their products put under a pricing formula, admls- istered by OPA district offices which will also be authorized to grant -relief in hardship crises. There Is no thought of profit control, other than that all price control covers costs plus profits. The theory is to get back to 1942 costs and 1942 profits, with relief being granted In hardship cases to allow for increased production costs such as increased rates of pay to labor. Tk e R -fRv 1^1 e •>T1I a sw «! PA a I RK ng H S BANES) OH r The popularity of historical novels has waxed and waned through the decades; with the great success of "Anthony Adverse" and "Gone With the Wind," fiction based on history took a fresh start in life. One of the most colorful periods of modern history was the Napoleonic area, and much of the appeal of "Anthony Adverse" 'came from the vivid scenes which interwove the lives of that picturesque hero and the great Emperor of the French. Dumas used both the French Revolution and the time of Napoleon as the background for his most exciting romances. The British Navy added greatly to its laurels at this time and C. S. Forester has caught the flavor of the navy in his matchless series dealing with the adventures of "Captain Horatio Hornblower." "Broadsides," by Robert W. Daly, is the vigorous narrative of the rise of a young Irishman from midshipman to captain. The hero is notable for his courage and intelligence in half a dozen sea battles, culminating with Trafalgar. Trafalgar brings to mind immediately the glorious figure of Lord Nelson and his beloved Emma, That story was told In "Divine Lady," by L. A. Beck, but has been recently retold by Bradda Field, In "Bride of Glory." This is a rich tapestry of life at the end of the eighteenth century, with a heroine as fascinating as she was amazing. "Goodbye, My Son," by Marjorle Coryn, told the story of Napoleon himself, as seen through the eyes of his remarkable mother. Marjorle Coryn has written another novel, dealing with a period a little earlier: "The Incorruptible" is a dramatic and memorable portrait of the enigmatic Robespierre. In "No Hearts to Break," Susan Ertz told the strange love story of Jerome Bona- . parte. Napoleon's brother, and Elizabeth Patterson of Baltimore. Again and again the Napoleonic era challenges the writer, and again and again readers enjoy what the writer discovers and reports. Thomas B. Costain, In his new novel, "Ride with Me," has turned to that memorable decade before Waterloo and the glamorous character of that soldier of fortune, Sir Robert Wilson, for his plot. There are many strands to this exciting novel, with its hero a young newspaper publisher, trying to arouse his native England to a sense of its danger from invasion; its heroine, a beautiful young French refugee, who finds happiness and security after dangers and trials; and Its many other interesting characters. "Ride with Me" is a romantic love story, but it is also • tense with the drama of history. The reader finds the details of daily life in London of that time absorbing, and 'especially the development of _ journalism. All of these, as well as many other novels picturing the life of other periods in world history, may be borrowed through any branch of the Kern County Library. Yet with all the sophistication of modern treatments, all the modern applications of psychology and discovery of new sources of information, this reviewer still believes that "Vanity Fair" is the best picture of life in England In the days of Napoleon. Questions and. Answers Q. What Is the oldest of the Black Jewish congregations?—A. E. N. A. Negro Yearbook says that there are a number of Black Jewish congregations in New York City and elsewhere In the United States. The Commandment Keepers are said to be the oldest of these sects. It was organized by Rabbi Matthew, New York City, in 1919. Q. How long was Husband E. Kimmel in the navy .before he became an admiral?—P. R. E, A. Admiral Husband E. Kimmel was commissioned an ensign in the United States Navy in 1906 and advanced through the grades to rear admiral in 1937 and admiral on February 1, 1941. Q. Why does the Red Cross have to make surgical dressings?— M. O. N. A. The commercial manufacturers have neither the plants nor equipment to supply all the demands. Machine-made dressings can be produced In quantity only sufficient for peacetime needs. Q. Are inmates of prisons ever inducted into the army?—B. L. A. In some states trusted inmates may be paroled for military service, if the army will accept them, prior to the expiration of their sentences. Q. Who was the first working man to be included in the British cabinet?—S. O. M. A. John Burns, the labor leader and champion of the unemployed, who entered the cabinet in 1905. Q. Who was the first woman to fly an airplane in Canda?—F. R. K. A. The first woman to pilot an airplane In Canada was Alys McKey Bryant, who flew under her maiden name, Alys McKey, at Vancouver, British Columbia, July 31. 1913. Q. To what extent is.Infant mortality decreasing?—D. W. A. The infant mortality rate le decreasing. The rate for 1930 was 64.6 per 1000 live births and for 1942 it was 40.4 per 1000 liv>e births. Q. Do ultra-violet rays pass through ordinary windows?— M. C. K. A. Ordinary window glass does not transmit ultra-violet rays to any extent because of impurities in the glass. Q. Where did the first Assembly of the League of Nations meet? C. S. B. A. The first Assembly met in Geneva. Switzerland, on November 15, 1920, with 41 nations represented. Q. What is a sergeant-major In the army?—B. E. E. . A. The term "sergeant major" as used in the army is applied to a chief administrative clerk in a battalion or higher unit, usually holding the rank of technical sergeant or of master sergeant. He is the chief enlisted assistant to the adjutant ot the unit. Q. Who owns the Antarctic continent?—M. L. A. Parts of Antarctica have been officially claimed by nine countries —United States, France, Soviet Russia, Germany, Norway, Great Britain, Argentina, Chile, and Japan. Unofficial United States claims comprise a million square miles. Q. What are tektites?—L. C. Q. A. Tektites .are small pieces of natural glass found in certain localities, and are supposed to fall to the earth from outer space. There are* no recorded falls and the question of their origin is still a controversial one. Q. For whom is the Roosevelt. Hospital in New York named?—R. Y. • A. A monument stands in the grounds erected to the memory of James rfenry Roosevelt (1800-1883) "the generous founder of the hospi- » tal." * Q. What type of clock is the most accurate?—M. I. A. A. Precision clocks are the best timekeepers. These are used in observatories and"in watch factories and vary as little as one-ninth second a day. This Is a far cry from De Vlck's clock which in 1360 kept time within two hours a day. Q. What makes silverware turn black?—N. W. E. A. The black tarnish on -Silverware Is silver sulphide, which is often produced by the sulphur in eggs. Q. What type ship is the United States Ship Halford?—W. E. N. A. The navy department says the United States Ship Halford is a destroyer. Q, How does the Great Pyramid • compare, in height with modern skyscrapers?—B. S. D. A. The Great Pyramid Is about 50 stories high as measured in modern,, office buildings. Q. What Is the largest museum devoted to natural history?—D. E. C. . A. The American Museum of Natural 1 History in. New York is the larg- . est of its kind in the world. A iMdfct «*n XI Ihf iiuwer to «w quotlw of fipt to wrltliK TIM lltkinfltld Cillfomim l.irunnitli* llurctu, 818 Kit Htrtft, N. E., WuhUuton. ».' O. C. 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