The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 5, 1936 · Page 4
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 4

Bakersfield, California
Issue Date:
Saturday, September 5, 1936
Page 4
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^^^ THE BAKEKSFrELD CALIFORNIA?*, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1036 GARDEN ORCHARD HOPS PICK UP Cattle Placing .High in i Stock Show Judging , Average Higher lly H. T. STBONCi AnlMtnt County l'«tm ArttUdt D URING the show soason, tlio question In often asked as to thn relationship between type and production dairy COWH. Thn various shows add materially In bringing consideration of typo boforn dairyman. The clnsH that calls this point particularly to tho attention Is that for "cow having official yearly record," where both conformation nnd ror.ord count In tho plan. Ing. Tho following IH quoted from thn monthly news letter of tho Hoi •toln-KrlP-Slan Association of America, and should prove of vnlun to thoiio Inleri'Slpd: "There IK a great deal of ulicuH- slon from time to tlnirt In regard to tho relation be.lwnon type and production nnd thorn IH a groat difference of opinion. Homo will go wo far us to cliilm Unit Ihm-o IH no mill- lion wlmtevur; mirnn claim Hint selecting for type will take, earn production, arguing Hint UOWH of proper conformation will he. Rood producers and Unit (puling for production IN not iioiinsmiry; othprs would work In tho rcvorso order, w- hiding for production on Ihn Ihnory Hint If we KC! high production w« must nncosmirlly huve tho type of unlinal desired. I'rodiirlliin Conn's KlrM "Tin- flrot conHldoritllon In Hit- dairy herd iniiHt necemiiirlly bo production, as dairying In operated on loo narrow a margin for low producing herds to pay under prosmil con- dllloiiH. Production should come firm, with attention to lypr nlntiK will) II, hocaiiHi' wn nued COWH of large enpuolty nnd strong ooiiHtltu lion, with well nlliK'hed nddl'i-M Hint will stand the grlnt of hmivy mllliltiK (;n|i|'o|-||jn your after ycnr COWH Unit go I" plewes nfle.r one or two liic.latlnns ni" 1,111'^t' not profitable. H lulicH Hoinn time • for the row to pay her buck lionrd bill fur the two years bnforo Him caniii Into pnidvictl'in \V«- nh"nlil , f"fii Htrlve In dovddp n lyp' 1 Hint will ln«t for long yearn of continued limvy production mid reduce th«- turnover In our h'-rdM. IK'iivy lifetime pro dil'-tlon should he our gnnl. "\Vc hnvc nni(l" Mniiic Inlert'MlIIIK HtlldlcN "f the ri'lnllonNhlp between | typo nnd produrllon fnmi tin- hd'd tent records of t-lnsnirloil COVVN VVo ; used Iho words of nil cows tested for herd Improvement registry Unit were II|BO offlcliill.v diiNMlflPd for type ' iindnr herd HasHlfiriillmi rmVH. Thru" roeordii worn groupm! in-coi-dlim In lyp<< i InnNlflrnllon after lielng ltd ! Hinted to n mnliire. olnnslfloallon tl ' bnsli. If a cow hud mere Ibnn onn ! record, cnch record wiu< ndjimlrd nml the livcmui' tillleii Stronu Cows .Arc lli-M The Inbln iippeiirlnK In Iho nrllcle quoted nhovo whowH Unit the n vertigo of UICHC gro\ips, In Mtudylng Ihe records nf llnH hPlidH. show those I'liisnl- fylng excellent, very good, gond plus and gond nverngv much higher In lliplr nctnnl production thnn do the fnlr nnd poor groups nf COWH Tho iirllPlu fm-lhrr NtnlvN "Hero wo HUP n »pi-pnd nf nciirly 2ROO pounds In mllli nnd Min pdimdii fill between Ihe excellent nnd fnlr groups, nnd while Ihe mimborH Included lire lint lurgp- nninigh fm- dcfl- nit" conclui'lonK, they dn nlmu u trend toward hcnvlor prodnelldn In HIP better type' MrmipH nml IIn nonnilu vt-rv rcriNoimhld I'cilnlnly rnwit wllli good (iiinllly nnd cnpnclty nnd MrotiK, well developed mldoiii. Hiich UN we rule, excellent, very good, good \ilim unit good, phould In capuhle of lustier in-odticllon Hum th(mr< In Ihn lowt-r groups rntlnn fnlr nnd poor." Kern County Soil Survey Technologists Complete Field WoWout Wasco Ifop (noaunn, durlmr which Ihou. NiuulH of Ori'Konlans rninbinc tho fun of cnmpiiiK with Ihi- opportunity In mal«' moiioy, i« under, way in Oregon. I'aiillni' llaldwin MinilcH with her firnt bliHla'Iful, for tblH your, pickers will net $1.50 pur 100 pnundN, instead of $1.01). Vr^clnblcs I'liu'o in llnvc it \\ If Bwuliful \ EFFICIENT I t I Dtpcndablt / SP ga QUEEN BUY or RENT Lowest Terms Don C. Preston Nineteenth and H , I 'iHi il /'rr«» SArilAMKNTll. Kepi. (' I'ulllvn- lion nf new tiintc'i In vcgi'lnhli'H IIIIM led Id dcvcldpmciil of n iicri'-H (if MpeclllllV cmll'l III C;illfol'lllll. In III" I'Xlunl Unit they hilNe. I m\c nf mil ,)(ir Importance In the truck produce of the Mute, Hci-dcdliii! Id lh'- dc pnilmcnt (if nm l> ulliii r (ni(» (if Ihe IcnderH nf the newer onlrlcft In Ihe veui'liiblc (•(illecllon In Ilin nrtlrliolii- UK- (Icpnrtmenl ro- IKirlefl. "Nntiire Intended the nrll' hdUc for n Miniin''r ccdp, Itiit In Cnllfurnlu II llflf( I'ecll 'MHM'crl ('(I Illld M \vlnler prodiu'er Ilirough rnltlng I null Ihn HlnlliM HII thnt d(tvcldpmenI dnilnx the wnrmer niiinlhM hi rclnrdcd nml IIKI hnrvcNl (H-CIITH In \^lnt( i r. The nillchdKi^ IM M peieiinlul nnd ItH lilnclt Hhedp relnllve. lint enrdddii. cddtiddiil v cnll(H) 'nrllclidlui IhlMlIn' IN i,nii of tint wortd \\'eeil peMl^i In thf< Mlatc," Ih(* retxirl N.'ild. l.nMl VfMir'n |irodi|clldn nf rnmmef rial nrllclidUcN In I'nllfornln e.nni' from tlOIIO ficren. (di IncrenM,* from K.'IM) ncrcM of Ihe vein- before. He- 1 cipi-dlni: In Htnlc rinmes "Mlncii the Inlrndncildn (if llnllnn nproiilhiK brnccdtl n few xcni'H ngn, ninny eonvc-i In hnve lioen mnde In '||I|H rclnlhc nf 1'iibhnr.e." Hn- report < Hlllll. "To Amoilcn by wny (if Clilmi ind ediilhcrii I'idropo cnmc M\v(!(«t IIII|NC. 'or fennel, nlno rnlled flnnchlu. AI ilionuh Introilnci-d to the I'nltcd Slnieii nbonl Illn WHIM nt;n. sweet niiluc him not nuiiln much hend\\ii\' iln I'nllfornIn until recent VI-III-M II ! now l'i uhlpped connncri lnll.\ l "Udinilhlc, culled cdN Icllllec, itlno ; j IH becdmliiK more popnlnr /.iicehlnl, one of the hcNt NUinmnr HttunMhcM, IH ii prolific brnrci While iii-U;linilly n l'n\di-|l(i with the Itiillnnn, UN nm- now IM iinlti 1 Mcncrnl." i'lVo MeiTkiiied in Train Wreck il Nitr,| l'i'c«i l.fnufit Wtrri ,M.\/AI'I,AN, Mexico, Hppl h Torrent lid rnliiN contliunnl today III the Mini." ol Klnnlon nnd iioiithrni Hdiini,-i tdi- Ihn fifth cmiHiMMillvti duy with prnperly dnmiigo running Into UlonHlllulK of (loll.ll-H •fhr ileinlllm: of n Sin I'nclflco dp Mexico (rnln \\illi two |ierminn dylim In the \vi Ii. \\IIN bliimcd to thr Nlorin which uiiHhcil nwny rondlied lieiwui'ii here nnd ('iillnciin. Slnnloa. The Irnln engine iiltclieil Into 'i (;ulls Ullhni: l-Ini-.hicci I-IKUI-IIN and tile Ihciunii lil.'iitllli .I uiih nil In MiiUtn V tiMHpenm t \\ KH icpovled idllthtly Injured By pit,'RALPH C. COLK soil survey of tho Hakermflold area whlcli is being done co-opera•*• Uvoty between the liuroau of chomUlry and soils ot tho United States Department of Agriculture and tlio division of soil technology of the University of California lias been under way for somo time, Tho sur- ,voy party consists nf John T,. riotzor of tho bureau of chemistry and soils; l,olghton V. Koehler, Robert A. Gardner and Dr. Ilalph 0. Colo from tlio University of California, with Doctor Colo In charge of tho parly. Mr, lluUnr has bean In nakersfleld since early July but tho remainder of tho party did riot rlvo until August 10. This soil survey of tho valley portion of Knrn county, which 1» being mado nt tho request of the county farm advisor nnd tho Korn county Hoard of HuporvlHorw, IB bo- Ing tlono In two parlu. Tlio field I work on tlio Wawco urea, comprising about 800 square, miles, Ims already li«p.ii eomrileted. The Unker«f|olrl area, lying Month of the seventh standard rond nonslsts of nn area of approximately 1200 s(|iinri) miles and will probably ho completed somn tlmn In April, 10,17. Map Differentiate.* Solln Thn noil survey ronslsls of making n. map of Iho soils of thu urea, separating the. noils Imo typim according to their origin, modo of formation rind tho physical properties of tho HollH. This mapping Is done, by exploring the soil to depths of six foot, noting tho lexlimt, succession of Inynrs nnd other characteristic of thn noil. All nrons affected by nllinll nre noted on tho mup. Tho InUimdly nnd mil urn of thn nlUnll IH also >idt,<'d on tho mup by Mymbols. At tho complotlon of Iho survey Ihe an.'ii Will ho liiHpunlc'l by Inspnn- lorn from bureau of cbenilMlry and MoIlN nnd from the University of California. This InspRotlim Is mndo In order lo l«irip tba Holls 'of Ihln firen cdrrelnled with Ihosit of other MI-CM« In the N|ntn. Thei'c HO||S lire UIPII chocUnd hy u nntlonnl correls- lion commltten nnd corrclntnd wltli the NiiIlM of the I'nlled Hlnlc;n. To niiHlsl In thin eori-Rlnllon, rrpro- HCnla11 ve HninplcH of cnch HO!| tyi>n encountered In Iho nren are liikmi nnd diipllcntes nenl to the of clinmliilry nnd soils nnd the University of Cnllfdrnln. Heport Is Conipreliensive Snppleincnllnr the rn.'ipH, ;i report 11. writ ten by I he field m"n, dencrlb- liiH the pliyt.lenl fr-niui-MH of Uieareij, Ihe i-llninte, populutIon nnd history dt rn-ll I'Miidiit. Ii iiiiMpdrtnllon ami mnrliellng 'iicllllli'., educ'UIon nml 111 rc.i i Idiin I fen I ui'f-M, cropH nii(l el'dpplliK M'Mlelll.M IlllKlltldd nml \Mili-r supply, iiuni'iill MI ,il inlhiRH of the hollH and .1 ildiillcd dcHerlplIon ol nil Ib" noli types within the nren. Tin- wnrl( of correlnllng I ho HdllH, ,Hn- dnirUng work nnd printing "f I lie 'imps and roporls requires n i greiit dcnl of lime, no thnt II will Inlie fi'din I \\'o lo thrne yetirs rifter completion of Ihln field worlt before . the reports (tnd mnpH ivlll hn pub llnhcd nod n\ nllnblc for dlHlrlhu lion The rcpovlH will ho dlntl'llmled lo nns'one deHlrlng n copy, ohtiiln nhle without cord through the 1'nl vii-Hlty of Cnllfornln, TIN loiifj nn tlu^ rMipph lii.HlH nnd thrininh the Mil I" rlnien lent nf liocnmenls. \Vn.'di Ington, 11 ('.. nl n com of from '.l.'i lo -10 ceMlM (ier copy. Lowered Stiipping Charges Extended lo Additional Drought Arcns (Amotilated Pram Leaned \\'iit) VVAHTUNOTON, Sopt. 6.—Tho In- toralnta pommarno comtnlsMlon today modified tt previous order providing reduced ratos on cattle shipments from drought Mirlr.kcn areas lo In- dtido 7^ nddlllonal counties In Kan- mis, Nebraska and Montana, affect- Ing 24 roiidH nerving feeding grounds In 15 Mtates. Tim reduced rates provide for a nlmrgii of 85 por cent ot tho regular rates for taUIng tho caltlo out, nnd ir> per oonl for relurnlng them. Tho foedlng grounds are located In Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Mle.hlgan, Minnesota, Missouri, Monlann, Nebraska, Mouth Da- kola, North Dakota, Washington, Wisconsin and 'Wymnlng. Tho order af facts IH drought stricken cuuilllf-'s In ICatiMas, 1 In Montana nnd 20 In Nebraska. Grow Several Varieties on Single Tree, Farm Adviser Suggests lime for budding N. D. Hudson, as 9000 More Farmers Given Employment < A flinnfd/fii/ Prctf /.rnnflrf U'O'pJ WASHINGTON, Kopt. f>. -- Km- ployninnt of 0000 additional Mluno- sola drought HtrlrluMi farmers was unlhorl/rd todny by Hurry I.. Hop. IdiiM, Workq 1'rogroBS Administrator. TVTOW is the •^ fruit trees, slstant farm advisor of Korn county, said today. Commercial orchardlst* usually buy trees that are already budded to the desired variety, but quite often there will bo a number of sue htrees which develop from below tho bud, or In which tho bud did not take for one reason or another, ho said. Huds can bo takon from tho trees which developed normally and placed In those off-typo trees, HO that tho planting will all bo tho same. With such fruits IIH tho J. jr. Halo poach ! and i»omo of tho plum.varlotles, crosu | pollination Js necessary to Imitiro i frtiltfulness. ' A limb of tho desired j variety can bo grown In such trees ' or Htiftlclc'tit whole trees In an or chard can b<? BO treated, J'ccipln living In thn towns and cities are confronted with tho problem of sufficient space In which to grow Iho fruit which thoy would llkn to have from their own yards. Trees grow so largo that ordinarily onci ol thorn will produce morn fruit thai U dcmlrod by a family- Slnco thertj Is not room for very many trcen In a back yard, tho tonly way to obtain any great variety of fruit IH to grow more than one variety on each troo ThlH can bo accomplished by bud ding. H Is probably better to start on with trocM which have already boon budded to two or throe varieties, bu It U entirely possible to add othe vai'latles to older troou either by budding or by walling until Fobru ary and grafting. Circular No. 98, published by th University of California, and entit)u< "Propagation of Fruit Plants," do HcrlboH the bast method of budding and grafting. It Is available upon request at the farm advisor's office Tho season for budding 'Will las until tho cooler weather of fall cause tho bark of tho llmbH to stick. A, long ap tho bark will "slip." onn cat Btlll bud. H IH of considerable ad vantage 'to Irrigate tho irons a few days before tho budding operation. Permeable Soil and Good Drainage Are Essentials When Using Salty Water By FRANK IfORNKOHJ, E Kern ylver has been one of the most Important agents' in the A making of Kern county soils. Through each cycle of flooding, a thin layer of sediment was left on tho alluvial soil, and aa the seasons became drier, these waters evaporated, leaving their content of salts. AB the soil was created, gravel stream channels were formed, and burled, and this process was repeated over and over, until the fan was shot through with these sources of underground water supply from the above Aground streams. Naturally f at their upper ends, these channels connect with the flowing streams. Through the ages these underground waters have come in contact with the salt deposits, and as the water level rose, notably south DA I WELL-KNOWN AMERICAN Drought Will Affect Supply of Various Foods, but Total Loss Small (United I'ren Seated Wiro) WASHINGTON, Sept. 0, — The drought may result in a temporary shlfilnir of American menus tho do- parlment of agriculture Indicated lo- day. A survey forecast that general food supplies lo June, 1037, will bo only 3 per cenl below that of 19341035. While Iho general food supply will be adequate, tho drought has ci|t deeply Into Iho .1B80 production of potatoes, wheat and vegetables "for oannlng, tho survey showed. Palry products likewise have been curtailed. Tho meat supply is expected to continue normal until late fall, whan the feed shortage and pastured burned out by lha drought will re suit in fewer caltlo ami hogs being shipped to market. 1'Hoes this win tor probably will bn higher. "AVhlle tho production of snap beans, sweet corn and peas Is px- pectod to bo much below tho large quantity of those canned vegetables available last year, tho supply of asparagus, spinach, tomatoes am! tomato juice la expected to bo higher," the department said. Tho prediction of an adequate food supply was made In I ho face of a department report 10 days ago of higher farm prices, with the mid July Index being 115 per cent of tho pro-war average, compared with 10 In Juno and 102 In July, 1S3S. IIOIUXONTAL 1,5.8 Answer lo Previous Puw.le 12 To mnUe furious M To come Davis Enrollment Almost Thousand UAVIH, Sept. ti. •- Hi>KlslniHon on HIP linvlH cninpnn of thn University of Cnllfornln IIIIM net u new blub mnrU HKnln thin ycnr ^'Ith Hlu- dent i ullll nrrlvbiK nt thu brunch of Hie Colli>ge of Agrlculltiro, Hid on- rollmenl In now 0112. aenordlng to Mrn Francos Dennis, recorder. Tills coinpnres with 1.17 \vhnn Iho ivKl" trillion period \v|is compleled lust full nnd IN 11m lurgcHt MtMiiester'n (Mirolltncnl the Duvln campus over mnlron. 17 ARC. 1!) Hoof's edge. 20 Grn/.ftl. 21 Wriilthy. 211 Boing. 25 God of war. 27 Grief. 20 Formerly. • 20 Very thin 31 Form of "a." 32 Stop. 34 Sun god. 35 Senior. 3U Herons. 3!) Colton staple 41 To peruse. 42 Postscript. 44 God of love. 40 Half nn em 4(1 Rattlosnoke. 50 Measure of »rmi. 51 Like. 52 Rail (bird). 53 Smell. 55 Exclamation 57 Made of oatmeal. 58 Once more. on She was np VERTICAL 1 Note In scale. 2 Below. 3 Exchange!. 4 Meat. 5 To exist. G Long ago. pointed mints- 7 North ler to - by America . President 8 English coin. nooBQvelt. 0 Drogon. 61 She was a 10 Lays smooth. - ot the U.I I Northeast. S, A. Congress 13 Jewel. (pi.). 15 Scarlet. 17 Legally excessive. 18 Yes. 20 Her wa< a famous statesman. 22 To be in debt. 24 Commence*. 26 Fragment. 28 Bird of prey. 30 To dine. 33 S moldings, 35 Nose noise. 37 Hastened. 38 One that spares. 40 God of war. 43 Was in bad odor. 46 Instrument. 47 Earthy matter. 48 Brink. 40 To wander. 51 To sum. 52 To soften. 54 Chest bone. 56 Possesses, 57 Up^n. 5D Compass point Dairying on Coast in Good Condition IIIIM hud. In I II I HIM). truliK'fiM wi'ru nnrollmunt fur whlrh WIIH tin) wluin Austrullun j intl to Davis, tho I the your wns 811, hluh murU for thn rumpus until hint your, when the ; yi-iir'B i-i^lHirnilon WIIH U30, Thin j vi'iir, with a prnHpoi'l for roglatni- j lion In HIM full Npmrfltcr that may • rt'iii'h 1 000, thn ftirollmont for Ihi) vrnr prnltnhly will Hiuu'oxlmato 1300, ! Mrn Ui'iiiil.'i hnlli<viiM. Thn pnrcpiilugo of Incrnaso In on- rnllmcnl him ycnr WIVH approxl- mutely tiO; thin veiir It will probably lie hetween AH und Sfi per cent. President Emeritus Fails in Road Test i (iniioiiifril I'rrnd l.fainl lllrei MYANNIK, Mius., 8i-pt. fi Motor Vehicle Inspoi'tor I 1 '.. \\'. \Vhllti>mori< xnlil todny Prcoldonl lOmerlinn A l.uwi'(Mico l.nwi'll of lliu'\iiril I nlvrrnKy had liillml In a mini II-.M. tulicn for renowul of his drlvlnu license. SACRAM13NTO, Sept. B.—On a mission looking lo Increased co-oper- ntlon between tho stales and federal govornrnont In tho regulation nnd control of dairy products and market Ing, and related subjects, Dr. K. I W. Oamnnltsi, chief of Ihe dairy see- i lion of the .AAA, was in Sacramento j this week conferring with officials i of tlio state department of agrlotll- ' turo. j DiseuasinK the general marketing I situation, J.iootor GaumnltK said: • "I huve found on the Pacific coast Hint tho dairy products markets suem to bo in surprisingly good , shape. Prliien have advanced ma- lorlally over Iho levels of tho lasl i two years and production is appar- enlly about oqual to that of last ! year. Notwltlistandlng tho price cid- \ vances, slocks are not piling up, that Is to say, products are. moving ! Into consumption at Ihosc advanced prices. If dairy markel prices should do- i cltne, DoVtor Oa-umnltz said, tho i AAA Is prepared to step In, as it did j In ]D33-3Ci, and purchase surplus | commodlltp.s for dlvorsloYi to relief I ngonclnjt but be added thai present | Indications wero that If purchases of that kind wero to be mado they j would He on a greatly reduced scale , than those mado In the former years. Storage Turkeys in State Higher (l.'iHted t'rett //flanrrt ll'lrej SACUAMRNTO, Sept. 5.—California is In no danger of a turkey shortage. A report of tho federal-state market news Bcrvlco placed the cold slorago holdings of turkeys In California nt 1,(187,000 pounds, as compared with a 6-j-ear average of 1,00.1,000 pounds nnd n total of MDii.OOO pounds at this time last year. I California's position was In con ft-'ast vo lhnt »l Uio I'tsl of Ibtt try whero cold storage holdings of ti'i-koys were eatlnmtoU to bo IS per cont llghtor than vhof-o of ri year ago. rnllfornla holdings of all poultry. Including turkeys, amounted to 3,985,000 pounds on August 1. At I IIP *nm« time lust year, th« holdings totalnd 3,148,000 pounds, the news sorvlca reported. and west of- Bakersfleld, these salts were carried UP, and finally through evaporation deposited on the surface of the ground, producing alkali soils, This also explains the occurrence of salty well water, even though surrounding wells produce water of good quality. Although In all the area subject to overflow from the Kern river the underground salt deposits represent Ihe residue left behind when this water evaporated, the river water itself Is of. exceptionally good, qual Ity for irrigation purposes. UHO of Salty Waters Sally walors should be used, only on Hofl, pennealMo soils, Good drain age Is essential as special methods of irrigation arc required, Enough water must be applied to keep the root zone of plants leached, and once a year a very heavy flood Irrlga tlon should bo made to wash the excess sails down below Ihe zone o. plant rooting. Even under these conditions HOO-1BOO parts per million of combined salts in the waler is Ihe safo limit. This represents two tons of saltH per acre fool of waler. On Iho whole, It Is desirable tc have an excess content of calotun and magnesium with respect lo the sodium content. When this Is the case, tho water Is called a "hard 1 water; and likewise when the sodium eon tout Is In excess of the calcium and magnesium, thu water Is ared "soft." Tho Untied States agricuiiviral lab oratory at Klversido has found Urn when the Modlum content of nn h rlgatlon water Is over 00 per ^en with relation to the calcium an magnesium content, Hie groun .lends lo run logelhor and becpm hard. The remedy for this condition Is to add gypsum lo the soil or water in sufficient quantities to make the ground permeablo again. To keep the soil soft and permeable the water should bo slightly "hard." A good rule of thumb in this case is the old adage "Bofi walor makes hard land," Hulo for Good Water Following Is the uliLBsIClcallun of salt conaenlrullons In par In per million for Irrigation water; Carbonate, 6-20 good, 20-80 fair, aO-50 poor, 60 and above very bail. Bicarbonate, 0-100 good, 100-200 fair, 200-400 poor, POO and above very bad. Chloride, 0-50 good, CO-100, 100-200 poor. 500 and above vary bad, .Sulphate, 0-50 good, CO-100 fair, 100200 poor, 400 n,nd above very bad. I'll, value (Indicating acidity or alkalinity): 7 lo $ pood 8 lo 8.5, 8.B to 0 poor, 9 and abovo very bad. Tho conctmlralions of sails and hardness ot walor also vary with tho seasons, U has boon ihg writer's experience that water Is "soCloNl" during tho early autumn and "hardest" during early spring. The hardness Hkewlao increases during flood irrigation periods when a, heavy load is being Placed on tho water well. 'ind Failure to "Strip" Not Harmful, Though • Unprofitable TTTASHINQTON, Sept p.—Balrr w farmers who are short of help ,t milking time can dispense with Uo laborious chore of "stripping" and the only 111 effect -will be the DBS of about half ot the milk In the stripping. In a recent experiment conducted y T. J5, Woodward, R. P. HotlB and n. R. Graves of the United State* bureau of dairy Industry, It was 'ound that leaving a pound or so of In tho udder at each Kdltor's note: M. IlornUohl will commence a scries of articles starting next week regarding soils, their treatment and' plant food elements. docs not' cause rapid drying off, as s commonly believed. Neither does t lower the percentage ot butterfat • :n the milk, affect the normality of the milk, nor Injure th« health of _ the cow. ITurthermore, n«lth«p v com-' plete milking showed any t«nd«ncy to force cows Into clinical oases ot mastitis or to cause other udder trouble*. The bureau Investigators conclude, therefore, that the oiilf factors having a bearing on whether or not stripping, or complete milking, should be practiced on a dairy farm are the value of the extra milk obtained by complete milking;, the cost of the extra labor, nnd the sanitation of the product. Fourteen cows wore each milked for at least two lactation periods dur 1 * Inp the experiment. Soven were first milked completely for a lactation period and then mUke.d ipqpmpletoly for tlio next lactation. The other 'seven were first milked Incompletely and then completely, Tho quantity Of milk left In the udder by an Incomplete milking, varied with the different cows from 0.8 tp 2.1 pounds at a milking, the average being 1.3 pounds. Nat All Milk Lost The Investigators conclude front this experiment that not all the milk left In the udder at an Incomplete milking: Is permanently lost. Some of It Is recovered at the next milking:, if nil of the J.2 pounds left to* each^of the 480 Incomplete mllklngs during: a lactation period had been permanently lost, there would have been a difference of 576 pounds In favor of'the oowa milked completely. But since complete milking resulted In only 300 pounds more per cow, it it evident that 270 pounds, or 47 per cent of the 670 pounds, was recovered in subsequent mllkings, and only 53 per cent of that left at each Incomnloto milking was permanently lost. The extra time spent In. stripping or massaging to complete a milking averaged 39 seconds, or 5.2 hotirH during a lactation period. Since complete milking resulted In a net gain of 308 pounds over incomplete snllk- Ing, the return was 69 pounds of milk for each hour spent in the stripping. Stripping Profitable "Under ordinary conditions," the Investigators reported, "It Is unlikely that one hour of labor will coat more than 69 pounds of milk is worth. As a rule, therefore, it will pay to complete tho milking process. This ex-" pertinent would indicate that not much milk should be left In the udder, but neither should the milker spend much time trying to got the 'last drop' of. milk; otherwise, th«." cost of ntrlpplng may exceed the value of tho 'strlpplngs. 1 "Although tho cows in this oxperi- mept were milked by machine, it appears that tho results are. also applicable to hand milking." Hearing on Walnut Marketing Slated Preti !,ta*ctl Wirt) WASHINGTON, Sept. 6,— Proposed changes in tho Agricultural Adjustmonl Administration'* walnut marketing agreement In California* Oregon and Washington will bo discussed at a publlo hearing Jn Berkeley on September g, officials said loday. Two changes oro suggested. One Is to ralso the salable percentage of walnuts from 70 to 75 per cent. Tho other Is to split tho present production area Into two divisions connUtlng of California and "Washington-Oregon. U wua explained that under the second proposal, a division having ' l p ° 01 " » n -» -v « s <- would , ba exempt from provisions requiring delivery of surplus walnuts or cash to the control board. Other discussion Is expected on a move to chnnge tho plan of meeting Hurpliu obligation by delivering surplus walnuts or cash; the selection of tho control board and puck specifications. GASOLINE ALLEY By KING Thumbs Down l_ : ARTH OR AIR — HITCH HIKING >S SLOW THIS MORMING. A Q/KLLOM OP BRIGHT NELLOW I AS40 A BtSOSK. U6TT6RIN1G Printing "at Home Kern County Printers' Association Citrus Crop Seen as Second Largest (United freti tea ted WlrtJ SACRAMENTO, Sept. 5.—Harvest- Ing of the second largest citrus crpp hi California's history will end about November 1 with completion of the Valencia orange shipping season, according to the AAA, Pacific region* marketing committee. Mosi of the Valencia orange ship* mehtH wore from southern California, tho report said. From thq state of shipping about the middle of May up to August 15 a total of 25,918 cars were moved through packing houses, of which 8885 cars were supplied by central and northern California, while 21,838 cars came from southern California. Marketing of the crop moving- Into Interstate commerce was handled by the California • Arizona orange - grapefruit agency. At the conclusion of the season, it was estimated the shipments of Valencia oranges would total approximately 87,000 cars to domestic-, markets and 3000 ours for export. Parasites Sought^. to Fight Insects (At»Qi>iate(l Prett Leoiti TUVTSRSIDE. Sept. 5.— A. search for parasites to be used In the biological control of several California insect pests will take entomologist* of the university citrus experiment station here to Africa this fall. Chief troublemakers in state du rus groves now are the black scale and red scale, so far controlled only by expensive sprays and fumigation of trees. KBBCUES MULE WAT60NVII44!!, Sept, 6. (U. P.) When Bendell's garage replied to a hurry call for a wrecking truck.* It found that the object to be rescued* was a white mule mired deeply In the ooce of a local slough. The mule came out without damage either to Uself or to the wrecking truck. »•' •».«'» INDIANS IN SCHOOL 8ACRAMWNTO, Sept. «, (A. P.>— The state department of education ha* announced 3000 Indian* are attending public schools In the state, the largest number being >n Humi boldt county

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