Detvey Pledges Vast Social Security Extension * RESCU * AT THE WEATHER Temperature High yesterday S3 Rainfall Spuaon (Airport) Tr „, T Tear ago (Airport) T SeaBon (Land Company) „.... 'I' Year ago (Land Company) T Forec»»t Continued clear with rising temperatures. Last Day to Register Sept. 28 Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1944 12 PAGES No. 47 HEADS EASTWARD— Governor Thomas E. Dewey, Republican presidential nominee, headed for one more majqr campaign speech, at Oklahoma City next Monday, after outlining, a five-point program for expansion of unemployment and old-age pens^pn coverage, medical aid for the needy, job placement and aid for returning servicemen before 90,000 persons Friday night In Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. REDS NAB WARSAW ENTRY 1$ CONFIRMED MOST OF ESTONIA IN RUSSIAN HANDS; SOVIET FORCES STRIKE SOUTH, WEST OF TALLINN LONDON, Sept. 23. UPl —Marshal Leonid Govorov's Leningrad Army captured the port of Parnu, 72 miles south of Tallinn on the Gulf of Riga, Marshal Stalin announced tonight In a special order of the day. Parnu la Estonia's second laigest port and the Germans depended heavily on it to get their defeated troops out of the country. The Germans were reported to have assembled an evacuation fleet of eight vessels there. Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. F 5 Amateur Boxing 3 Arvln Theater ..:.....-— 6 Beardsley Dance C Booth's 5 Brock's 2 Citizens Laundry 5 Culliton, John W 5 Dr. Dayman's Animal Hosp 5 El Paito Pavilion 6 Flicklnger-Diegier 11 Fox Theaters 6 Full Gospel Tabernacle 5 Goodrich Silvertown Stores 3 Granada Theater 6 Ivers Furniture 6 Kern Material Co 2. KERN 8 KPO ...: 8 La Granada Ballroom 6 Lim, T 2, 6 .'Lutheran Church .-., 5 Martin, Freddie „ 6 Music B* .: 6 Pacific Finance 2 Phillips Music Co 2 •Rialto Theater .". 6 River Theater 6 Rolling Hills Academy 6 Rosedale Community Church..., 5 The Barn - 6 Union Avenue Dance .......6, 11 Union Cemetery --; 7 Van Vliqt, Dick ™ ...„ 2 Victory Food* Fair _ .'..... 3 Virginia Tbea,t«r „ „ 6 Wjhelden's Warket - 6 Trial Date Set for MartinezJtose Rowe Eugenio Martinez and Rose Rowe appeared Superior in Department 2 of the Court before Superior LOXDOX, Sept. 23. (U.E)—A Nazi military spokesman today reported German "disengaging movements''—a retreat—in central Latvia, indicating that the Germans were giving up tb«at Baltic stnte after the collapse of resistance ia Estonia. A Moscow dispatch tacitly confirmed reports of a Red army crossing of the Vistula into Warsaw, where a Polish communique said that fierce fighting still was going on and Patriot forces were attacking the Germans from the rear as they battled the Soviet frontal onslaught. Berlin said the Red Army had opened a powerful offensive near the Transylvanian capital of Cluj, and had scored "local breaches" in a push toward Hungary. (The British radio said Russian and Rumanian troops reached the southeast border of Hungary, according to messages from Moscow, and c r uoted Ankara reports as saying that crowds were staging peace demonstrations in many Hungarian towns.) With the Estonian capital of Tallinn captured and the German high command on record as having decided to give up Estonia, a Berlin spokesman reported that strong Soviet forces were pursuing the "disengaging" Germans 75 miles east of Riga as they fell back toward the sea. A front dispatch to the Red Star * Continued on Page Two Judge Warren Stockton yesterday on a charge each of robbery and grand theft from person. They en-. tered a- plea of not guilty on both counts and October 23 was set for the beginning of trials. Unless the. two offenses charged against both Martinez and Rowe are consolidated, the trial on one offense will follow the other, Judge Stockton said. Charged with burglary, Leonard A. Davis entered a plea of guilty, made application for probation. Elba Tom Hilhern was arraigned before Judge Stdckton, charged with taking a motor vehicle without consent of the owner, and >_ntered a plea of not guilty. His case was continued to September 26. Nominee Tells Plan to 90,000 G. 0. P. Candidate Outlines Program Promising Benefits to 20,000,000 Not Now Covered in Final Pacific Coast Speech in Los Angeles By JACK RELL LOS ANGELES, Sepl. 23. C5>)-~Governor Thomas E. Dewey's special train pulled out of Los Angeles station today at 11:14 a. m., 14 minutes behind schedule, to carry him to the midwest where he will continue his campaign for the presidency. The Republican candidate systematically hurried through Fighters Rap V-Day Fetes on Nazi's Fall a round of conferences this morning at his hotel. Several thousand persons lined the streets around the Biltmore as he and his party started for the station. Dewi'.v's only main stop before returning to Albany on his special train will be in Oklahoma City, where he will speak Monday night. In Los Angeles' huge concrete open-air stadium last night, the Republican presidential nominee told a cheering throng of 90,000 persons that Americans had learned to work together so well in war that they the determined to co-operate to see that the aged, the ill and the unemployed have security in the future. The crowd was by far the largest to hear any of his speeches. Dewey started off by saying that the turnout demonstration that "California is determined to win free government here at home." In making his points on social security legislation, Dewey said the act was passed by a non-partisan vote of overwhelming proportions in 1935. and that "just once in the nine years since has there been any attempt to improve and extend that social progress.' 1 "That was in 1935," said the Republican nominee. "A few changes were made. There have been many recommendations since but there have been no results. Men and women, everywhere, are eager for concrete, definite proposals." Movie-Star Decked The coliseum was movie-star decked. In addition to Ginger Rogers, who introduced Governor Earl Warren of California, and .leannette MacDonald, who is chairman of the Hollywood Dewey committee, those among the crowd included Cary Grant, W. C. Fields, Don Ameche, Wallace Berry. John Charles Thomas, Fred MacMurray, Barbara Stanwick, Rosalind Russell, Joel McCrea, Leo Carrlllo, Edward Arnold, Adolphe Menjou, Mary Pickford, Walter Pidgeon, Walt Disney and Ray Milland. Program Given Speaking In a state where "$30 every Thursday" once was a popular slogan for an old-age pension proposal, Dewey offered this program: 1. Expansion of old-age and survivors' Insurance to provide coverage' for farmers, domestic workers, employes of non-profit enterprises, self-employed persons, government workers, domestic help, and members of the armed forces whose benefits would be reduced by their service. 2. Widening of unemployment Insurance to "include thp groups which are now unprotected." 3. Return of the employment service to the states and Its merger with unemployment insurance agencies. 4. Development, In co-operation with "our free and Independent medical profession," ot "a means for assurance of medical service to those of our citizens who need it and who cannot otherwise obtain It." 6. Establishment by the states and Continued on Page Two F. D. R. Has Final Workout on Campaign Verbal Bout WASHINGTON, Sept. 2:!. UP>— President Roosevelt—"the ' champ' 1 to his political assistants—had his final workout at the White House today before his verbal bout tonight with the opposition In his historic bid for a fourth term. Four of his speech consultants were on . hand late last night and early today giving a wealth of material a going-over with blue pencil before the President himself compressed it To the 3000 words he allows himself for a half hour's radio talk. Speaks to Teaitiaters He will speak at a dinner of the International Teamsters Union (A. F. Li.) in the Statler hotel from 9:3>> to 10 p. m., eastern wartime, (NBC and CBS), the same labor unit that heard his first campaign speech in the third term drive. The topic hao not been announced, but it was fairly obvious the speech would include a fresh appeal to. the labor vote and perhaps a few shots at charges made by Governor Thomas E. Dewey against his administration. In accepting a fourth-term nomination in July, the President said he would not campaign In the usual political sense, but reserve the right to reply to nny "misrepresentations" uttered by the opposition. Except for two recent news conference remarks, Mr. Roosevelt has kept his 1944 campaign under wraps. i.and for Servicemen The President, estimating a million servicemen will want to go to farming after the war, ordered government studies today of ways to assure that servicemen get productive land and any needed credit and training. Mr. Roosevelt sent a letter to Secretary of Agriculture Claude R. Wickard, and to Brigadier- General Frank T. Hlnes, veterans administrator, saying the sacrifice and courage of men In the armed forces "entitle them to expect this nation to be prepared, w.ithin the limits of its capacities, to offer them reasonable opportunities to get started in agriculture." He told the two administrators to take full advantage of the O.' I. Bill of Rights in rehabilitating farm' minded servicemen. Mr. Roosevelt suggested the inquiry go into special types of farming for which disabled veterans may be adapted, and added, "Adequate credit upon reasonable terms must be assured." PACIFIC VETERANS FEEL ' THEY ARE "FORGOTTEN" IN VICTORY PLANS PEARL HARBOR, Sept. 23. (U.R>—The soldiers orf the Pacific battlefront swear bitterly when they hear ot the plans of the home- folks for big V-Day celebrations when Germany falls. Honolulu Advertiser Correspondent Ray ColJ, Jr., reported from Saipan that 'the fighting men are concerned" -by '-reports that thousands of workers are quitting their war jobs because they think the war in Europe is about over. One hard-boiled marine veteran asked Coil: "What in the hell goes on? Don't those lugs know there's a war in the Pacific? Haven't they heard about the Japs? "My God! Are we fighting this war here only to lose it in the peace of Europe? It looks like we are going to be left holding the bag—and when we finally do get home, other guys will already have been back at their old jobs." That was a sample of the com- ment.Coll picked up in a tour of the Marianas and Marshalls bases. "Too much empahsis cannot be placed on the cold fact that all the hullabaloo about the war coming to a close is having a serious effect on the morale of men in the Pacific," Coll said. "Already they are calling themselves 'forgotten men.' There's a growing feeling that they are being let down." Coll pointed out that the attitude of the servicemen "does not mean they are going to let up in their battle against the. Japs." "They know," he added, "what kind of a fighter the Jap is and what a menace he is to America, a greater menace, they say. than the Nazi could ever get to be." 32 Injured When Car, Bus Collide RICHMOND, Sept. 2.1. (^—Approximately 112 persons were injured, 8 seriously, when a Greyhound bus went Into a ditch and partially overturned on Tank Farm hill, north of Richmond, after colliding with an automobile shortly before midnight last night. Sheriff's reports said the car swerced to avoid a pedestrian, and the bus turned sideways trying to avoid a collision. Its occupants were hurled forward, and the front of the bus was badly smashed. A wrecking crew had to extricate the driver. Most of the passengers were servicemen, enroute to Vallejo and Benicia bases. Ambulances took the injured to two Richmond hospitals and one in Martinez. FLASHES FINNS FIGHT NAZIS NEW YORK, Sept. 23. UP)— The Finnish., high command announced in a communique tonight that Finnish troops had gone? into action against German troops in northern Finland because of the .Nazi failure to withdraw from the country by September 15. GAS CHANGE DENIED WASHINGTON, Sept. 23. <£•>— OPA has decided against liberalization of "B" gasoline rations to take care of certain hardship cases, it was learned today. A plan under consideration several weeks called «for 'larger rations for a few "B"^ motorists \vhone in- course-of-wprk driving lit essential but not quite within-fiuallficatlons for a "C" card. , '? '?• PREDICTS LIQUOR HOLIDAY WASHINGTON, Sept. 23. (UR» Senator Pat McCarran (D.-Nev.) said today he had been informed by Acting War Production Board Chairman J. A, Krug that another liquor "holiday" might be declared soon, possibly during November. McCarran IB chairman of a Senate judiciary subcommittee Investigating the, liquor industry, Yanks NabTown on Peleliu Puppet Government Declares War as Yanks Press Drive By FRANK TREMAINE UNITED STATES PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Sept. 23 (JP) —The tempo of the American conquest of Pe- leliu island quickened Friday as Yank marines advanced north ward a thousand yards or more and captured the village of Gare- koru on the west coast, the navy announced today. The marines now hold three-fourths of the island. PEARL HARBOR, Sept. 23. (U.E)-—The puppet Philippine government, impelled by jittery Japanese fearing an American invasion, has declared war on the United Slates and Great Britain, Japanese broadcasts said today as the American forces pressed their intense campaign against the islands and their protective liases, ,. _n_. * .- •- , « • .Jose I*. Laurel, president of the Japanese-controlled Philippines government, announced the declaration of war. He proclaimed martial law following the heavy attack by the American carrier-based pliines on the Manila area. There was no confirmation from Admiral Chester W. Nimitz' headquarters of enemy reports of continuing raids on Manila, but General Douglas MacArthur announced that Catalina bombers blasted shipping off the southern Philippines for three successive days, ending Thursday. The Catalinaa sank or damaged four cargo vessels off Mirfdanao, to add to the 37 ships blasted by Vice- Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's carrier task force in Manila bay Wednesday. MacArthur's bombers also damaged of destroyed six cargo ships in the Dutch East Indies. Nimitz disclosed that a heavy American cruiser had bombarded Koror island in the central Palaus, north of Peleliu where marines were Continued on Puge Two ALLIES CAPTURE MONTECITERNA AMERICAN TROOPS BATTLE FOR STRATEGIC PASS WITH AMERICAN FORCES IN NORTHERN ITALY, Sept. 23. (ff> Americans driving through the Apennines were ablo to see the I'o valley from advance hillside positions late today, and a major commanding one outfit declared "the Gothic Line has been smashed down the •.nicldlc." ROME. Sept. 23. <£>>—A breach in the Nazis' Gothic Line in Italy has been widened by the capture of Monte 'Citerna, Allied headquarters said today. Capture of Monte Citerna and Monte Tronale. both west of captured Firenzuola, has placed American troops on the threshold of Futa Pass, the Allied headquarters com- munique said. High ground north of Firenzuola has been occupied. While American infantrymen hammered at the strategic pass toward Bologna, Eighth Army troops on the Adriatic sector begun a drive northwest from captured Rimini toward the same prize objective. Other Eighth Army units plunged north toward Ravenna, 35 miles up the Adriatic coast from Rimini and 45 miles east of Bologna. , Fifth Army columns spearing northward along the mountain roads were meeting an enemy which Allied headquarters declared was becoming disorganized "to a limited extent." Futa Pass is approximately 29 airline miles below Bologna. British and Brazilian forces with the Fifth Army continued to make gains 'against varied resistance," aald an Allied headquarters report. The Brazilians, operating on the left flank of the Fifth Army near the Llgurlan coast, were last reported smashing forward from Pietrasanta In the direction of La Sue- zia, 23 airline miles distant. HEMINCWAY FIGHTS By United Pr«» The American broadcasting station In Europe reported that Ernest Hemingway, American novelist, enlisted in the French forces of the interior after, IJ-Day and "participated in the liberation of France." He is now in Paris. DEAD—Marry Chandler, who built the Los Angeles Times into one of the country's leading newspapers, died today after suffering a heart attack. He was SO. Chandler, Publisher of Times,_Dies PROMINENT NEWSMAN DIES IN LOS ANGELES AFTER HEART ATTACK LOS ANGELES, Sept. L>:I. <UP> Harry Chandler, who built the Los Angoles Times into one of the country's leading newspapers, and played a major part in the de- veloprnjent of. southern California, died of a neafC'aHment today. Active until a heart attack a week ago, the 80-year-old publisher died at Good Samaritan Hospital, as his wife, Marian Otis Chandler, and several of his seven children were en route to the bedside. Other Activities His name was associated prominently with other southern California endeavors, including development of the Los Angeles harbor, the development of the vast Imperial valley irrigation project, the dainming of the Colorado river for irrigation and domestic water use, the building of the big Memorial Coliseum, the centering of city, county and state buildings in a Los Angeles civic center, and the construction of the $10,000,000 civic center. He was one of the organizers of the State Chamber of Commerce, the All-Year Club and the Automobile Club of Southern California. Guest at Party He had been in robust health, and only nine days ago had been one of the gayest guests at a surprise birthday party for his son, Norman Chandler, president of The Times Mirror Company, publishers of The Times. Death came quietly, hospital attendants said, and the former publisher lapsed into sleep without knowing the end was at hand. HP had kept regular hours at his office in the Times building until he overtaxed himself on a long walk near his Hillhurst home. He was taken to the hospital three days ago. For half a century Chandler's life had been identified with a widespread list of civic enterprises in southern California. The fiirned San Fernando valley was just a wheat field when Chandlaj- and a rroup of other Los Angeles businessmen built the area into a center of teeming towns and residential districts. He had a leading role in planning the construction of the long Owens valley aqueduct, the life line that permitted Los Angeles' growth Into the nation's fourth largest city. Allies Battle for 2 Bridges to AidJJkymen Sky Troops in Grim Fight to Hold Doorway to Germany; Yanks Capture Reich Factory Town of Stolberg After Bitter Battle SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCES, Sept. 23. (IIP)—Rain-lashed British shock troops battled furiously today for two bridges leading across the lower Rhine at Arnhem to a besieged force of paratroopers on the north bank, with a rescue in sight but still eluding their grasp. Armored and mobile forces smashed forward 4 miles to the south bank of the river, relieving a part of the Arnhem pocket, and stormed the southern approaches of the bridge in a blazing effort to complete tlioir mission. To the south, massed German forces, led, by UOO tanks, drove a wedge across the British Second Army corridor between XiJHH'gen and Eindhoven, and the latest reports to headquarters said the issue still was doubtful in a wild bHttle there. Around Arnhem the Germans were fighting desperately, goaded by the realization that British conquest of the (strategic town would threaten the Ruhr lying open to the east without any more natural defenses before it. The battle of Arnhem roared through the noon hours today without any indication that the relief column had been able to span the river and link up with the airborne units who had been battered mercilessly since they dropped down in Holland Sunday. Bombers Over Europe Big formations of Allied bombers and fighters headed out over Europe from Britain this afternoon, Indicating improvement in the continental weather which might permit the first large-scale air operations in 48 hours. Reports from Lieutenant-Geneni! Courtney H. Hodges' First Army front in Germany said the Americans were battering forward yard by yard through a cold rain. Farther south, Lieutenant-General George S. Patton's Third Army waa mopping up the last German positions along the Moselle between Metz and Nancy. The defense of the broken Moselle Line, except in the Metz area, had been left in the hands of a few scattered rear guards, a field dispatch said. The Germans were taking advantage of the rain and mud to dig in along the tiny .Sellle river, about five miles east oC the Moselle. Street Fighting Seventh Army troops on the lower flunk of the Third Army were fighting; through the streets of Epinal and into the outskirts of Remire- niontp, 15 miles to the southeast on the upper reaches of the Moselle in tho Vosges Mountains. A dispatch from First Army headquarters said the Americans again were forced to give ground in the area around the center of the Luxembourg-German frontier, where earlier reports indicated they had been pushed back across the border. Confirming the earlier announcement of the capture of Stolberg. the dispatch said Isolated pockets of resistance were bi.*ing mopped up in I the town. 1 l.'nited Stan.-! artillery drove off ! counterattacking Germans northwest i Continued on I'uKO Two r OPTIMISTIC—General Dwight D. Elsenhower, confident on outcome of war, said today that length of war depends upon how long Ab« Germans can take the terrific pounding they are receiving, and how long the Gestapo remains ia control of the Reich. Elsenhower injured his knee early this month helping a pilot drag a plane away from the beach after a forced* landing. GEN. EISENHOWER :T COMMANDER WRENCHES KNEE HELPING CREW Walkouts Leave 16,000 Idle in Nation, 5000 in Detroit Hy United The walkouts anil ili^missnl of 27!) workmen today threw 16.100 other workers into idleness in five .separate work stoppages throughout the nation. Largest of the individual strikes was that of approximately iiooo em- ployes at the Mack avenue plant of the Brings Manufacturing Company. Detroit, where airplane and tank parts are made, as the workers protested dismissal of 111 die setters for refusing to work. Twelve hundred other workers wore out in lesser Michigan strikes. Cleveland Hunt (loses The Corrigan-McKlnney plant o^' the Republic Steel Corporation, .Cleveland, Ohio, scene of the "little steel" strike riots of I'JItT, was closed down today by a wildcat walkout of 140 trainmen, forcing 4tiOO other workers into idleness and halting production of approximately 4500 tons bf steel daily. At Chicago, a worker who was sent home for refusing to pour :nolten brass Into a narrow mold, when he wanted to pour it into a wide mold, was responsible for 2000 other war workers piling on strike at the Uevere Copper ; -»nd Brass Company, '* Production of landing craft at the Dravo Corporation shipyards at \ViI- niingtrn, Del., was halted by a strike of 100 foremen ami subforernen which resulted in company officials sending home 1000 night shift workers after they reported at the yards. Steel Mill Dispute Republic Hteel Corporation's steel mill at Gadsen, Ala., employing about 3500 workers, was threatened with a complete work stoppage and eight open hearth furnaces were idle, us a four-day strike of 28 bricklayers continued. Striking managers of National Tea Company stores in the Chicago area today ignored a War Labor Board order to return to their jobs. Other strikes in war plants involving 1200 workers in Michigan were listed, by th«j labor department as: Ford Motor Company, Flat Rock, United Auto Workers (C. I. O.), 350; Gale Manufacturing Company, Albion, Molders and Foundry Union (A. F. L.), 97; Norge Machine Products Company, Muskegon Heights, United Auto Workers (A. F.L.). 400; Aluminum Company of America, Monroe, United Steel Workers (C. I. O.), 400. LONDON", Sept. 23. (UPJ—NBC Correspondent Merrill Mueller broadcast from France today that General Dwight D. Elsenhower told him this morning, "The war will last only so long as Gestapo control makes the German nation annihilate itself." Mueller said Eisenhower's plane was forced down recently in France and he. was uninjured in the landing, but suffered u wrenched knee while helping pull the plane off muddy ground Mueller said in a Paris broadcast that Eisenhower was returning from a flight over a front line area, when his plane was forced down. Tho supreme commander's only ill effect resulted from his giving a hand to members of the crew trying to tow the plane from a spot where it bogged down, he said . Mueller said this explained earlier reports that Eisenhower had been "indisposed" and adJed that "General Ike's health was never better than today." STRICT POLICY FOR OCCITIKU GERMAN 1 Y TOLD LONDON, Sept. -'.'. OP)—A strict policy in dealing with occupied Germany, including tho death penalty for any German aiding the Nazis or ilelibtratoly misleading Allied troops, was decreed today by General Duight I). Eisenhower. As a first step, a ban was placed o . the Nazi political and military organizations. All were ordered dissolved while "German laws involving discrimination on grounds of race, religion or political opinion are abrogated." snld the edict, issued by supreme headquarters. Eisenhower's statement, which amplified a broadcast to the German people September 18, ordered Nail main at their posts until ail fund*. Continued on Page Two BASEBALL NATIONAL LEAGUE At Cincinnati— H. H- CINCINNATI ........ .. 0 < BOSTON ......... . ..... 4 10 Batteries— Shoun, Malioy in Mueller; Javery and Hofferth, AMERICAN LEAGUK At New York— R. »&• NEW YORK . ...... .... T 4« CLEVELAND ...... ..,.8. ft Batteries— Sevens and Gromek, Calvert (7), Poftt (ft Roe^r, Susce (3) V 1L> f ,t'
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