The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 22, 1944 · Page 1
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 1

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Friday, September 22, 1944
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Dewey Hits Wallace Charge on Placating Isolationists THE WEATHER Temperature HiRh yesteiday 7fi Low today „.„ &3 Ralnfell Season (Airport) „,„„ L T Year ago (Airport) „_.. T Season (Land Company) T Tear ago (Land Company) T Forecast Clear with rising; temperature today and Saturday. Last Day to Register Sept. 28 ' Vol. 57 TWO SECTIONS BAKERSFIELD, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1944 14 PAGES No. 46 CROSSING ILED! Japs Proclaim Martial Law in Philippines 37 Ships, 205 Planes Bagged Jap Broadcast Reports Another Strike at City; Military Rule Proclaimed Because of Invasion Peril as Bataan Vengeance Begins By LEONARD MILL1MAN Associated Press War Editor Waves of American carrier planes swept over the Manila area today for the second successive day, Japanese broadcasts reported, after knocking out 205 Japanese planes and 37 ships yesterday in one of the greatest air victories of the Pacific war. Manila and Tokyo radios said 200 United States planes came over in four waves this morning, striking for two and a half hours at air fields and harbor facilities around Manila bay. The first smashing Manila BRITISH ENTER SOUTH PO VALLEY AMERICANS POUR THROUGH CENTRAL GOTHIC LINE ROME, Sept. 22. CUE)— British Eighth Army troops captured Rimini today and entered the southern edge of the Po valley to outflank the Gothic Line and begin a sweep up the corridor between the Apennine mountains and the Adriatic sea to northern Italy. Simultaneously, American Fifth ^Army troops, pouring through the breached central sector of the Gothic Line, captured the Important road junction of Firenzuola and pushed on to take several dominant •hills to the north. The Americans also occupied the village of Santa Lucia, 3 miles southwest of Firenzuola, and advanced to within a mile of Futa pass, gateway through the Apennines. Firenzuola and Futa pass are on roads leading to Bologna, 25 miles north, and Imola, 25 miles northeast, the latter on Via Emilia, airline highway from Rimini to Bologna. Rimini was captured by Greek troops of the Eighth Army, while Canadians operating two miles east of the coastal city took San Fortunato village and an adjoining ridge which had been bitterly contested for days. The Eighth Army's Indian division captured the town of San Marino, capital of the tiny, ancient republic of San Marino, and continued to advance northward. The republic, with a peace-time population of about 15,000, has declared war upon Germany, it was announced today, and for the first time in 500 years her pocket army went into action. The army, increased by approaching hostilities to a force of 900 men, was helping the Eighth Army troops round up and capture Germans, and doing rearguard work in towns behind the lines or along the republic's border. The San Marino army includes the Ouardia Nobile, which is reputed to have the most gorgeous uniforms in all Europe, with swords and plumed hats, PERSHING IMPROVED . WASHINGTON, Sept. 22. UP>— The army medical center reported today "a slight but gradual improvement" in the condition of General John J. Pershing. Index to Advertisers Page Abrams, Dr. R. F. ' 9 Arvin Theater '. ." 8 Booth's 8 Brock's 8, 9 Citizens Laundry 8 Cleron Tire Co '. , 9 Culliton, John AV 8 Dr. Dayman's Animal Hosp... 4 Eggers .. : 4 El Patio Pavilion 8 Fllcklnger-Digler 13 Fox Theaters 8 Frank Meat Company 5 Granada Theater 8 Ivors Furniture 8 Kern 10 KERN 10 KPO : AO La Granada Ballroom 8 Lim, T 8 Montgomery Ward 5 National Dollar Store 4 Nile 8 Phillips Music Co 9 Rialjo Theater 8 River Theater 8 Rolling: Hills Academy 8 Sam Moss Beauty Shop 4 San Joaquin Grain 9 Sears Roebuck „ _. 2 Sherrys Liquor Stores 9 The Barn „ 8 Union Avenue Dance — 8 Union Cemetery _...7, 13 Victory Foods Fair 9 Virginia Theater 8 jWeill's 6 carrier raid started in daylight yesterday (Manila time) was a "superlatively successful attack which apparently caught the enemy completely by surprise," said Admiral Chester, W. Nimitz. "'Martial' law went into effect throughout the Philippines today as a result of the havoc they wrought in the first blow at the heart of the Philippines to avenge Bataan. Puppet President Jose P. Laurel said he ordered military rule "in view of the danger of invasion." Shoot Way Through The raiders, "striking in great force," shot their way through a strong defensive screen of interceptors. They blasted 110 Japanese fighters out of the sky. Fifteen United States planes were lost. Another 95 Japanese aircraft were caught and destroyed on Clark and Nichols airfields where the Japanese knocked out most of the United States defensive airforce December 8, 1941, in the first attack of the Philippines. The ships were caught at the American-built Cavite naval base. A destroyer leader, five tankers and five freighters were definitely sunk. Listed as probably sunk were a destroyer, 2 tankers, a transport, 22 cargo ships and a floating drydock. "Much damage was done to military objectives," Nimitz said, at Cavite and the two big airdromes. Continued on Page Thirteen BASEBALL AMERICAN LEAGUE First Game At Detroit— R. H. E BOSTON 4 fi 2 DETROIT 7 12 2 Batteries: Bowman, Wood (5), Hausmann (7) and Partee; Gentry and Richards. NATIONAL LEAOl'E At New York— R. H. E CHICAGO 8 14 0 NEW YORK 1 (i l Batteries: Wyse and Williams; Feldman, Hansen (5), Seward (6) and Lombard!. Reds Nab Estonian Capital Russians Sweep to 40 Miles From Estonian Capital IXXXDON, Sept. 22. <£>)—Tallin, the capital of Estonia, was captured today by Russian troops, Moscow announced tonight. Premier Stalin said in an order of the flay the Baltic port had been taken by the Leningrad army of Marshal Leonid A. Govorov. These troops had been' reported 45 miles away by the Soviet communique last night. LONDON, Sept. 22. UP)— Russian units have crossed the Vistula and established contact with Polish Patriots, the Polish government announced, and R. A. F. Liberators flew a round trip of 1750 miles from Italy last night and dropped supplies and arms into the city. Supplies dropped to the underground forces of General Bor in Warsaw included "German ammunition captured on the Italian front and suitable for guns" captured from the Nazis by the Poles, the Mediterranean Allied Air Force announced. Contact between the Russians and Poles was established in the Zoll- borz and Mokotow districts, General Bor said in a communique released by the Polish government. He declared five German divisions were pinned down in the Warsaw battle. The key towns of Arad, on the immediate approach to Hungary, and Tapa, on the route to the Estonian capital, were under attack. In Latvia, the great seaport of Riga, whose 393,000 persons make it the largest city in the Baltic states, was besieged. Red Army troops were only 6 miles away. Still other Russian army groups hammered at the Carpathian Mountain gates of Czechoslovakia after capturing the eastern end of Dukla pass. Rakvere Seized At midnight, the Kremlin announced seizure of the rail town of Rakvere and 300 other settlements along the Gulf of Finland and said the 30-mile isthmus between the gulf and Lake Peipus had been captured. Russians,then were reported on the outskirts of Tapa on railroads fanning out to Leningrad, Tallinn and Riga. Par to the south on the eastern edge of the Hungarian plain other Russian forces began a vast enveloping maneuver 138 miles from bomb-shattered Budapest designed at | trapping from the rear all German and Hungarian forces pinned down in northern Transylvania. First Italy War Criminal Is Executed CARUSO SHOT AFTER TRIAL FOR TURNING HOSTAGES OVER TO NAZIS U. S. Can Expect Little Aid From Allies, Navy Man Says CHOCHILLA, Sept. 22. (U.F)—The United States can expect little assistance from Allied sources, with the possible exception of Russia, after the fall of Germany, Lieutenant-Commander C. Ray Robinson, 'ormer legal adviser to Admiral William F. Halsey, declared today. Robinson, a prominent Merced at- :orney, former, state assemblyman, and for 17 months on Halsey's staff in the' south Pacific combat zone, reviewed the observations he made during his tour of duty. He recently received his discharge from the navy after four years of service. Robinson emphasized that the view he expressed was his own personal view and not that of Admiral Halsey. "I'm certain in my own mind that we will get nothing from the British except what we have been getting and that Russia will be the only one to help us. I can't amplify that belief. The British contribution will be taken care of by history." Aussie* Demobilizing "The Australian army is demobilizing and has been for about one yeac," Robinson said. "Also many Australian and New Zealanders share the Opinion recently expressed by a high British official that the United States precipitated the war with Japan by pushing the Japs back so far that there was nothing left for them to do but fight. Robinson, while with Admiral Hal- soy at his headquarters in Noumea, set up a supreme legal control which extended from matters concerning the price of soft drinks to the financial arrangements for unloading ships containing vital war materials for American troops. British claims for toll charges have been filed for ships which landed our boys and supplies to defend British islands, Robinson declared. Dock Trouble "At one time during preparations for a D-Day, an invasion of an important island, the navy wanted a ship loaded with invasion supplies," Robinson said. "The New Zealand dock hands decided that no work was to be done on Saturday and Sunday so the American army % had to be called upon to load the supply ships," Robinson told the club members. "Following this incident," he said, "the workers threatened a general strike unless the United States government paid double time to the union for each hour put in by our soldiers while loading those Invasion Mhips during their labor holiday." Robinson expressed the opinion that the nations of the South Pacific, and those having possessions there, should be informed that future welfare of all concerned requires continued cooperation and that all should continue to contribute In a material way to the defense of their own country or possessions. ROME, Sept. 22. UP>— Piertro Caruso, chief of police while the Germans occupied Rome, was executed today for turning over hostages to the Nazis and for other acts of collaboration. A firing squad at Fort Bravetta carried out the sentence imposed last night by an Italian court. Caruso was sentenced to die in the first war criminal trial to be held in Italy. Specifically, the Nazi collaborationist was condemned for delivering 50 hostages for executions in caves near Rome. Caruso was strapped in a chair and shot to death In the back by the firing squad. "Viva L'ltalia," the doomed man cried just before a squad of metropolitan police fired. Caruso died in tire bright sunlight in the century old Fort Bra- vetta near the capital. The manner of his execution was the same meted to the Italians who were slaughtered in the Ardeatina cave near Rome and was specified by the court. A priest administered extreme unction while the condemned man stared intently. As, the robed figure drew back, Caruso shouted "Viva L'ltalia" and the firing squad acted. The body slumped over in the unpainted chair. U. S JEAIS BLAST JttSSEL YANK BOMBERS, ESCORTED BY FIGHTERS, HIT REICH LONDON, Sept. 22. UP>— American heavy bombers 1200 strong and fly ing from England and Italy, bombed Kassel behind the Siegfried Line and Munich behind the threatened Belfort gap today. Munich was overcast, and the airmen from the south used instruments to locate its Riem Airdrome— crowded with planes—and other un- designated targets. The blow supported the Allied armies both in southeast France and northern Italy because railways and highways radiate in both directions. The bombers from Italy attacked 11 bridges mostly in the Milan, f'arna and Padua ureas of northern Italy—roads over which the Germans may soon attempt to flee ngw that their Gothic. Line has been turned "by the capture of Rimini. Other planes bombed railroad yards at Larissa in Greece, an urgently needed German communication center for evacuation of the Balkans. Kassel, an important center of highly diversified war industries, is situated east of the Ruhr, roughly about 150 miles ahead of the advancing American troops. Its industries include ordnance and electrical works and armament factories, and the raid apparently was designed to ; hamper the flow of specialized war goods to the Siegfried Line. A unit of Thunderbolts, commanded by Major Clay Tice, Jr., Phoenix, Ariz., was credited yesterday with eliminating a German gun position In a new way. When the pilots were unable to get at the German gun, which was firing from Inside a railroad tunnel, they sealed up both ends of the tunnel with dive- bomb attacks. L A. GREETS NOMINEE; FINAL TALK TONIGHT Ft ASHES MONEY FOR ITALY MONTREAL, Sept. 22. OF)—The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration's policy committee approved today a United States proposal to expend $50,000,00(1 for relief In Italy. The UNRRA council is expected to follow suit Monday. FINNS BREAK WITH JAPS "LONDON, Sept. 22. UPt— Finland severed diplomatic relations with Japan today, the German radio said tonight. GOVERNMENT RESIGNS LONDON, Sept. 22. OP—The Brussels radio said today that the government of Premier Hubert Pierlot had resigned. SINCLAIR HEAD DIES NEW YORK, Sept. 22. <UB— Earle W. Sinclair, 70, president of the Sinclair Refining Company, died suddenly last night, apparently of heart disease, while calling; with his wife, Blanche, at the apartment of John P. Mackin, vice-president of the Prudential Insurance Company. Sinclair was a brother of Harry F. Sinclair^ president of the Sinclair Consolidated Oil Company. F Candidate to Outline Expansion Program for Social Security LOS ANGELES, Sept. 22. (U.E)—Governor Thomas E. Dewey slashed foaek today at an inference by Vice-President Henry E. Wallace that he would have to placate the isolationists to win the presidential election in November. "It is too bad when people who know better don't stick to the truth," Uewey told n 10-iniu lite press conference with iiiort than 200 reporters and cameramei jammed in a small hotel meeting room. A reporter had asked Dewey for comment on Wallace's speech lust night in which the Viee-Presiden said'isolationists would support flu Republican ticket in (lie election JIIK that the GO1 J nominee would be forced to placate them "just a.s HurdiiiR placated the isolationists in 1921." "Do you want the support of John L. Lewis?" asked a reporter "I don't have it," Dewey replied in a reprimanding tone. "You don't read the newspapers correctly." The Republican presidential nom inee said he would comment more specifically later on President Roosevalt's recommendation to Congress- that a federal administration of the Missouri Valley states be formed similar to that of the Tennessee Valley Authority. Prefers State Handling "I prefer to have those things handled by the states," he said, "but if the states fail, then the federal government must step in." Dewey brushed aside a question from Upton Close, noted author and radio commentator, asking for comment about "the Pacific generally and the future statesmanship of the Pacific area." Dewey said the query was too large to answer nt a press conference and said he planned more specific references to the Pacific later. Asked if he felt sure of California's 25 electoral votes in the November election. Dewey said it was a question for California voters to decide. Equal Break All parts of the country, he said, should have an equul break in the matter of reconverting war plants to civilian production. A Hollywood note entered the conference when veteran actor Lionel Barrymore arrived at the conference in a wheelchair, shook hands with Dewey and posed for-sevenil pictures with the Republican candidate. Author Frank Scully, who is crippled and uses crunches, caused a mild sensation when a door attendant refused him admission on a card representing a Hollywood theatrical paper. Scully shoved the man out of the way and threatened to break his crutch over the attendant's head. Scully then walked in the room. Welcomed by Houscr A crowd of several hundred persons, headed by Lieutenant-Governor Pred F. Houser, Mayor Fletcher Bowron and a number of motion picture celebrities, welcomed the RP- lubllcun presidential nominee ;is In- stepped into the romantic Spanish patio of the union station. Hidden loudspeakers in the courtyard shrubbery played a martini iiusic background for cheering of .he spectators as Dewey, wearing a double-breasted gray striped suit with a vest that soon brought per- splnuion to his forehead, shook lands with the local dignitaries. Mrs. Dewey, smiling broadly, wore i purple fox fur and curried a bouquet of her roses. Deep in the crowd a Negro pa- •aded, holding aloft a placard routing "The Bronzeville Boosters Club" ind chanting, "We have a winner iere." Dewey made no speech, and his campaign party soon begun their pa- •ade through downtown streets. Crowds along the streets were sparse, particularly in front of the city hall, where spectators were only one of two deep. One spectator shouted, "What kind of breadlines are you going to have?" and received only a glare from the New fork governor. Along Spring street—the financial center of Los Angeles—Dewey was showered liberally with ticket tape and torn telephone books. As he urned into the cheap retail district of upper Broadway, he had a few joos sprinkled in with the cheers. Continued on Page Five —Callfomlnn-NKA Telephoto WARREN WELCOMES DEWEY—Governor Earl Warren is shown welcoming Governor Thomas E. Dewey (left) to California as the G. O. P.-presidential candidate arrived in San Francisco. Dewey will climax his west coast tour with a talk at 8 p. m. today in Los Angeles Coliseum. AUSTRALIAN DENIES ADVANCE KNOWLEDGE OF JAPSNEAK ATTACK INFORMATION SHOULD BE TURNED OVER TO INVESTIGATING COMMITTEE, F. R. TELLS NEWSMEN WASHINGTON. Sept. '22. (UP)—Anyone who has information that this government knew 7i! hours in advance of the Pearl Harbor attack that a Japanese task force was steaming toward the Hawaiian islands should submit that information to the military boards now investigating the entire Pearl Harbor case, President Roosevelt said today. He told a news conference that there would be lots of things like that—referring to the Republican charges that information about the Japanese naval activity had been submitted to this government in advance of the attack—circulating day ind night from now until November 7. Asked if he intended to order courtmurtlul trials at any time soon 'or army and navy leaders at Pearl Harbor at the time of the attack, Mr. Roosevelt replied that there are two committees or boards working on that now and it would be just ns well to wait to hear from them. lie •eferred to the army and navy boards which are investigating ail Circumstances surrounding the at- Uixon Denies Charge Meanwhile, Secretary of State Cor- :lell Hull revealed that Australian Minister Sir Owen Dixon had denied to the state department that he had any advance information the Japanese planned to attack American territory. Dixon previously had lenied to reporters that he had any such information, as was charged in the House yesterday by Representative Ralph E. Church (R-I11.). Hull said Dixon sent him a message yesterday saying that he never had any information that any Japanese force was about to attack any territory of the United States or "any information that any warlike measures were likely to be taken against the United States." Dixon added, Hull reported, that he "never said so." "I have not yet had an opportunity of seeing the Congressional Record or any other report of what actually took place In the House, but 1 felt that I should not delay acquainting you with the matter," Dixon told the secretary. Dixon, who is departing to take a seat on the Australian High Court, \-iis drawn into the running Pearl Harbor debate between Republicans and Democrats when Church read to the House an affidavit quoting Dixon as saying he had advance information of Japanese plans to attack. In the last 72 hours before the December 1941, attack, Church said. naval intelligence sent the White Continued on Page Five F. D. R. Reveals Quebec Plans for Restoring Italy Power WASHINGTON, Sept. 22. (.£>)— ?resldcnt Roosevelt disclosed today- hat his Quebec conference with Prime Minister Churchill devoted a ot of study to plans for gradually •estorlng full authority to the people of Italy to handle their own rehabilitation problems. The President expressed satisfac- .ion with the progress of the Dumbarton Oaks security talks, say- ng' the meetings have put together i darn good butting average in agreement on postwar problems. Progress Good Reminding his news conference hat you don't go Into a meeting to work out a world free from war at 1 a. m. and come out with a solu- Ion at 4 p. rn., .Mr. Roosevelt said hat on the whole the progress at Dumbarton Oaks has been very, Very good. Discussing the Italian situation, he President said the Quebec con- erence talked a good deal about wo subjects: Gradually planning ways to place he responsibility for Italian recon- version on the Italian people so that hey will have the authority, and the responsibility. Flans for Food Seeing to It that the Italian people lo not starve this winter. Mr. Roosevelt said J\c may have something pretty soon concerning further steps to prevent starvation and want in Italy. The conferees talked a great dral about Germany, too, he said, but added that he could not go into that now. Mr. Roosevelt said the military situation in China is not at all satisfactory, but he would not discuss news dispatches about internal affairs In that country. He said Donald M. Nelson and Major-General Patrick J. Hurley, sent to China on a special presidential mission, have kept In close touch with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek and they have gotten along fine. China Situation Unsatisfactory As for the military situation, the President said he could not tell newsmen any more now than he did two months ago—that It Is not at all sat-- isfactory. Mr. Roosevelt said there is no news concerning this country's attitude toward greater recognition for the French committee of General Charles de Gaulle, adding he had heard nothing new in three weeks. ' ' Similarly, he dismissed published reports that American businessmen were being permitted to enter Europe by saying he had heard -nothing of it, that he saw Secretary of State Hull yesterday but forgot to ask him. Nazis Halt Dempsey Advance Potion's Men Fight Biggest Nazi Tank Force Since Normandy NEW YORK, Sept. 22. OB—The American broadcasting station in Europe (AB.S1E) reported at 3 p, m. eastern war time, today, that British armored columns had reached and joined airborne troops at Arnhem. The broadcast, directed In the German language to Europe.. was reported by OWL By JAMES M. LONG LONDON, Sept. 22. CS*>-* Airborne British and Poles, fiercely beset by a German counterattack from all sides; fought a desperate battle for preservation tonight in an effort to hold open tlie strategic crossing of the Rhine's upper branch in Holland so the Allies could sweep into northern Germany. The position of the airborne soldiers who leaped into the middle of the Germans' northern river defenses 50 miles ahead of Allied lines lust Sunday, was officially described as critical at General Dwight D. Eisenhower's supreme headquarters. A determined rush of German guns and troops had brought to a standstill the relieving advance of Lieutenant-General Miles C. Dempsey's Second Army tanks 2 mile* north of Nijmegen and 6 miles short of a junction with the beleaguered force. Reinforced by Poles The British parachute troops, Men* tified by the Germans as the First Airborne Division, had been reinforced by a Polish unit ferried by air, but bad weather made further reinforcement and supply difficult. The Germans were throwing strong anti-aircraft fire and many of their available planes Into attempts to turn back further aerial carriers. The Germans declared 4000 of the original landing force—perhaps half its strength—had been wiped out, but supreme headquarters gave this statement no confirmation. It was not known whether the isolated force had managed to keep its hold on the Arnhem bridge—gateway to the Ruhr and potential jurnping-off place lor an end run around the Siegfried Line. But latestest reports said it was naintaining its position north of the northern arm of the Rhine, arid the Germans said invasion units had entered Arnhem itself. Dempsey was pouring every possible bit of armor across th/e brilliantly won Nijmegen bridge over Lhe lower Rhine branch the Waal. British guns were giving some relief to the parachutists, picking off surrounding German targets. The desperation-born stiffening of the German stand was reflected ulong the whole 500-mile Allied front as well. Lieutenant-General George S. Pat- tun's Third Army power drive 19 miles beyond Nancy plowed into fresh armored forces in the Arrancourt area. Americans and Germans fought through the fourth day of th« greatest tank battles since Nor- inundy. American tankmen in that area ran Into 45 more German tanks as the morning mists lifted, after destroying 105 In three days there. The German communique said the Continued on Page Thirteen Forestry Veteran Pratt tojtetire SACRAMENTO, Sept. 22. OB— State Forester M. B. Pratt, nationally known veteran of nearly 40 years of public forestry service In ,'allfornia, today announced hi* r*» irement. He said he has sent a letter to he state forestry board requestinf permission to retire an chief ol tb* . division of forestry on a voluntary basis next January 1. The board t* expected to consider the matter at a Los Angeles meeting October i and . Mentioned as a possible •nijCMior s Dewitt Nelson, recently-appointtf deputy director of natural recoureiM and with the United State* Fora* Service for 19 years bafore Jolnlnt state. ,1

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