The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California on September 21, 1944 · Page 18
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The Bakersfield Californian from Bakersfield, California · Page 18

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Thursday, September 21, 1944 Cbttortal $age of Wfje JSafeersftelb Caltfornian ALFRED H A R n E L L CDITOK AND PUBLIIBCB Entered In post oifice at Eakersfleld. California, nj second mail under the act of Consrrcsa Marrh S, 1879. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PKKSS The Associated Press is exclusively p.nlltlofl to the iisr for puhllrn- tton of all news dispatches credited to it. or not nthern-i.si cr«li!ert in this paptr, and also the local news nuhllphe^ Ihfrpin modern living as shoes and clothes. Many persons will he responsive to this announcement, in that the}' have hoped for cheaper, yet efficient cars, at prices below those hitherto quoted. The Bakcrsfield OnliCorr.lan Is also a client of ihr United Press and receives its complete \vire pprvii e. ,, "INDISPENSABLE MAN' REPRESENTATIVES West-Holiday ro.. In.-. New York. Chicago. San Fntnclscn. Los Anscles. Seattle. I'ortlnntl, Denver T i n Republic, after l.jO years of self- TLe War Tol WASHINGTON. D. C.. HTRKA! The Haskln Service. Wnsliir.Klun. \> C. By carrier or mail (in advance) in postal znnr«* rmr. i wo. thrpp. per month. sr,c: six months, $6.10; one yeni, fn.oo. By miiii ni postal zones four to eieht. per month. $1.05. SEEING THE LIGHT STKLVFORT, Luxembourg, Sept 11. (Delayed.) (JP>— Three American medical officers, two O. I.'s, one government, is dependent Upon tllC Clld- j frenchman and one Jill— as they i i- r n-. .1 i called mi.- — all unarmed and rldine- less continuance of one man in oflice, then two Jw . nBi rcceivcd acci ^ ta , the hopes Which animated the men who i for saving Steinfort from German at• tack. fought for tlie Declaration of Independence -My companions were Colonel Joe and the Constitution have indeed come to nothing," (lovernor Thomas E. Dewtv said ! of tho cniec s»"'spon's office; two g?£" or w in his Portland address. n.\Ti-:vi;» the verdict of the people rela- j History is a refutation of the belief that live to the presidential election in No- anv man is indispensable. The military in- 1 - >lotfl «'. «f Paris, iiaisnn officer be.. . ., ., - . , ,- ' , •,-, r \.. , ... tu'^n the French, public health au- members of his staff, Lieutenant- Colonel Arthur Marshall, of New Vork, and Lieutenant-Colonel Fred Seymour, of Louisville, Ky.; jean vcmber, it is worth something to observe thai the reckless expenditure of funds foi home, government is receiving that wide dispensability of Napoleon came to naught at Waterloo. The great Republic of these United Slates survived the passing of Gen- attention which promises a change in nielli- oml w «- s "'»Hl""- Kv™ t| )C reconstruction ods and which, when it comes, will nnques- i ™l™i.i fl Ihc Civil War was possible despite the assassination of the beloved Lincoln. Any doctrine of indispensability has a fundamental unsoiindiicss psychologically. In its extremity the conviction of indispensa- is megalomania, or the delusion of tionably greatly reduce the cost of main- i tenance. | Because we are at war wilh enemies who ! musl be defeated, not so much has been said about the tremendous increase in personnel grandeur, and costs on the home front. The great gain The sophistry of the argument against in those costs is due to thc creation of new changing horses in midstream is amusing bureaus and the astounding employment of | not only to logicians but to history students additional help. Perhaps Mr. Dewey is responsible for bringing the matter to the public attention and so forcefully thai the Washington administration is promising some reforms to be made effective when I he war in Europe is ended. alike. Many causes would have been lost had not horses been changed in midstream. When a leader fails in a crisis he should be supplanted. The more immediate the substitution usually the better the end result. EDITOR'S NOTE—Until niich time a* Ernie Pyle'a column la resumed followlnB h.» vacation, thi. space will be u.ed for war feature atoriei. By RUTH COWAN he looked for K-ration tins tossed by the roadside. "If wo come to a village and no Allied flags are flying—" Darnall said. We were heading for Luxembourg over a highway the M. P.s said was clear. Marshall remarked, "I haven't heard a kid ask for chewing gum for several miles." We took a turn into a village when from everywhere—out of houses, yards and up lanes—came men, women and children, gesturing and shouting in German and French. Marshall interpreted. "They say there are Germans In that wood." That was about 100 yards ahead around a turn A man who spoke English dashed up. "We have reports there are 200 Germans near here. When is the American army coming?" "Huh," said Marshall. "Tell 'em we are a medical reconnaissance party and unarmed. We're going to find the American army—and quick." The drivers I urn around on a dime with 9 cents change. Someone had stuck the town flag of Steifort on our jeep. In Arlon we ran into combat units. We were waved here and there by M. P.s. Then there were were in the middle of a convoy heading back out of town. We sped along and, sure enough, took that turn through the village going straight into that wood. The town folks were on the roadside cheering. When our jpep came along flying We can belter realize what has taken place I If lllc future peace and prosperity of this by comparing the number of men and »«li"" depended upon the leadership of one women in public service at home with former years including the period of the first World War. Duplication is the order of the day and for every unnecessary bureau or man, then the nation would certainly exist in H precarious condition. Hul of course no such condition exists in this country or any other, though politicians commission, the added number of employes j oflcn likc to <lravv the analogy which is a is unbelievable. All those active in bringing : specious one to begin with, tlmt upon one this matter home to the taxpayers who foot • Inan hangs the fate of a nation. No govern- the bills have rendered a public service as lncnl so subject to the whim of fate could endure except momentarily. As a matter of growing reaction millions of persons arc coming to the conclusion that withholding assistance where it is needful \ il is lmic '° make a change in the polilical the people will note in the months and years to come. Nobody would stint the government by but there is no escaping the conclusion that while this country still remembers some outspoken people have convinced even j lnc vcrv reasons that gave it thc strength to those in authority today that economy such j survive. as we have not known lately will find favor at a lime not too far distant. And we might add thai in using the word "economy" we are not wholly referring to Federal expenditures. Units of government, stales, counties and cities, face thc necessity for reducing costs of maintenance. A few ONE-GUN MAN ;M:HAI, (iixiiu.i: S. P.VITOX is no longer a "two-gun man," but has given away one of his pearl-handled single-action army model revolvers. General Patton, whose tanks have rolled through France and are of them have nol been convinced, but not so 1 now in German territory, was so pleased with the taxpayers who arc meeting not only the colossal burden imposed by Washington but additional ones levied at Hie behest of lesser authorities. Mr. Dcwey in this campaign has done a good work in so forcefully directing attention to Ihc need for culling personnel and along wilh it the costs which have led the way to making government today more expensive than at any time in the history of this nation. L. A. REGISTRATION with the singing of Dinah Shore, who was in France on an entertainment mission, that he presented her wilh one of his famous brace of hip jewelry. While the singer was in France, public relations men wrote out a German speech for her, phonetically, so that she could pronounce Ihc words and she delivered it over the radio as well as some German songs. The dashing general was delighted and in his enthusiasm gave her one of his dearest possessions, his.revolver, but he still has one ; left and also a little French sword which he T>EPUBI.ICA\S are reported to be gaining in ; picked up somewhere. registration in Los Angeles county, though outnumbered by Democrats, according to the figures of Michael .1. Donoghue, registrar of voters. The Democrats are given ."38 per cent of RANDOM NOTES Good news continues to come, both from '^ German front and the Pacitic area. The the total registration so far with 150 per cent | latest word is thai Hitler, himself, has taken Republican, but the Republicans are gaining j command of his troops along the Siegfried rapidly as the lime is approaching for the line and it naturally follows thai the strategy end of registration. A split in the Demo- of the German forces will now be in accord cralic parly, loo, over New Deal issues will with the "intuition" of the Fuehrer. We probably result in many Democrats, so reg- say "good news" because of what has hap- islercd, voting for the Republican nominee pened in Ihc last two years— il seems about thurities and the American Army Medical Corps; two jeep drivers, Corporal Don Sparks, of Flat River. Mo., and Private First Class Adolph Neugehanrer, of Philadelphia, Pa. The object of the party's SOO-miie, 4-day trip was to find sites for military hospitals. We were driving along, prosais- ally discussing the requirements of United States Army general hospitals—buildings and grounds large enough to accommodate 1000 beds and GOO personnel. There is a deceptive atmosphere of quiet behind th<> rapidly advancing spearheads. There were stalled tanks, numerous burned and wrecked trucks and automobiles. Occasionally huge trees had been snapped off. Thorp were some lint- tered towns, but generally the countryside showed little sign of war. It is very important in following the wake of a spearhead to be certain you stay within the area of its advance. A few hundred yards to the right or left and the chances From the Files of The Californian TEN YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date, 1934) The Californian will soon know whether Frank F. Merriam, Republican, or Raymond L. Haight, Democrat, is the more popular for governor, 5000 postal cards going out this week to sample the opinion of 40,000 registered voters of this area. Paul Slaughter has been elected commander of Frank S. Reynolds Post, American Legion. Mrs. J. A. Green, of Kernville Telephone Company, tells the prize fish story: Her first to be hooked was a mackerel, which was swallowed by a larger fish; the dual prize was then snared but was, in turn, swallowed by a seal which made off in the direction of Honolulu with bait, fishes, hook, line and sinker. Rexroth & Rexroth has been awarded contract for construction of a timber bridges across Whiterock Creek at Monolith. eiin< (By PAUL MALLOX)- lews the 'Steinfort" there was a i" «in. i If-, 1 1 k, VI 11. It. fllM* LIH.T VilltllllJtC* (if KOtthiR a sniper's bullet are ex- collrnt. Marshall bad one way of spotting whether American troops had passed. huge roar. "They think." grinned Darna "we went back and got the Unit* States Army." H H 11 H /O H oJl Jly wood v> © 1 ta m n ' . / T> v TT P ^1 1^" T XT I 71 T/*M_T < VTC«/-\V» I 13 .V JlilvolVllN Hollywood's No. 1 wolf (Ah-o-o-o-o bared his teeth today and bristlec in defense of what he called the most maligned character of modern times the Hollywood wolf. "The genuine wolf," Jean Negu lesco — a gentleman worthy of such a compliment— said, "is a personality of charm and the ideal companion for the beautiful lady. "lie is definitely not a heel." Having cornered a flickerville wolf, we figured we might as well let him have his say. After all, ladies who speu k derisively of the Hollywood wolves continue to accept their invitations. By way of introduction, Jean (Ah-o-o-o-o-) Negulesco cuts quite a swath lu the nocturnal scene of Hollywood and in the glare of day as well. By day he is Warner Bros, top director at the moment. He mega- phoned "The Mask of Dimitrios," just completed "The Conspirators" with Hedy Lamarr and Paul Henreid, and now he's working on the film "Nobody Lives Forever," in which Actor John Garfield stars. When the lights go on along the night club strip, Negulesco is bon vlvant, master of the continental charm, gourmet extraordinaire, and companion of such glamor ladies as Veronica Lake and Anita Colby. So let's let the wolf bowl in de- 'en.sp of Hollywood wolves. He :iowls: "Sometimes I get very disturbed about this matter — not for myself, you understand — because something hat really requires a great deal of )raina and talent is turned and twisted into a very unfortunate misunderstanding. "I suppose the principal explanation of it is that there are a lot of ellows around Hollywood who would ovc to be wolves but simply cannot seem to make the grade. "Now, for example, there are a ce tain group of brothers in Hollywoe who are rather persistent with tl young ladies, but they persist in tl old continental hand-kissing routin which became old hat about the tin of the bustle. Thai's the sort thing that gives wolves a bad nam "First of all, understand or thing. The real wolf never is i gauche, never commits the imfo givable faux pns of indulging what is so crudely referred to r 'making the pass.' That is clums "These are a few of his accon plishments and virtues. He dresst well, but never obviously. In fac he is never obvious about anythin he does. He is a gourmet. He kno\\ where to go for food, for dininf for atmosphere. He knows whs foods and which wines to order, t is an excellent dancer, particular] in the rhumba and the tango, bi he never dances in a manner to a tract notice on the floor. He is con pletely devoted to his partner. "He observes all the little nicetie that mean so much to a woman. H finds out which are her favoril flowers and sends them. — — — "Most of all, he must have a goo sense of humor, particularly abou himself. If his engagement does no materialize as Interestingly as h hoped, he must accept the loss i good grace and make sure that th evening is a complete success to hi companion, if not to himself." Jean Negulesco picked the 10 bes wolves in Hollywood. Here the are: Van Johnson — charming and intei esting in a quiet friendly way; Bi Girard — the 20th Century-Fox pro ducer; Felix Ferry — an agent assc elated with the Leland Haywar agency; Helmut Dantine, Erro Plynn. Arthur Hornblow. Jr., ex lusband of Myrna Loy; Jose Iturb Don Loper, the dancer; Frank Or satti, the agent, and Brian Aherne (Copyright, 1944, NEA Service. Inc.) like Readers' V Jewpoinf EDITOR'S NOTE— Letters should be limited to ISO words; m«y attack Ide.i hut not (wrsonn; TWENTY YEARS AGO (The Californian. this date, 19:14) Zane Grey, well known author, was a visitor here today in search of material for a new book. Captained by Leslie Robinson, the local Elks drill team has been victorious for a third successive year, thereby winning permanent possession of the state trophy. After a 55-minute fight, Tom Hart landed a 27-pound bass, caught off the coast of Monterey. Opening the season for one of Kern county's newest industries. Wasco Cotton Oin yesterday shipped the first carload of cotton seed to San Joaquin Cotton Oil Company's plant in East Bakersfield. Mrs. Henrie Pomfret Anderson of Wasco will preside when third annual convention of Kern County W. C. T. U. opens September 26 for a two-day meeting in Wasco. THIRTY YEARS AGO (The Californian, this date. 1914) Miss Hunt presented a reading Friday afternoon when Lowell Parent Teacher Association met with 50 persons in attendance. Mr. and Mrs. R. D. Owens have been entertaining Grand Master A. P. Johnson of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, who was en route to Taft to dedicate a new hall. The Owens received at a dinner Saturday, attended by Mr. and Mrs. J. Bruce Payne, Mr. and Mrs. Peter Phelps and Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Crosland. J. R. Porter suffered an accident to his left hand Saturday morning while working on a rig near Taft. He is being treated by Dr. J. Walter WASHINGTON, Sept. 21.—Our driving eager army is due in Berlin before the Rusisans. Not only Is the distance shorter, but the rapidly deteriorating Nazi power facing us, has been more hastily put together from the rout in France. Churchill aired what is the prevailing majority impression among official authorities here when he said he did not expect Hitler to surrender, but to flee to the hills with the last bands he can muster and hold there as long as possible. No doubt this is what Hitler intends. His tactics betray that purpose. But what he intends and what may happen can be different. Indeed, there is every prospect at this writing moment of another uprising in Germany, a new and more successful army revolution. Der furious fuehrer (little "F" I would be more appropriate now in view of the degree to which he has been deflated) killed most of the more intelligent army officers who might act upon their knowledge of the wholly lost Nazi cause in the purge before invasion. He tried to elevate the fanatics, like himself. But daily the situation is obviously getting more and more difficult for him to control. Officers and men will carry mass suicide just so far. The weakness of the fighting defense in our *front betrays these symptoms of the final decay of Wil- helmstrasse power. True enough, the importance of our initial penetration of the Siegfried Line may have been exaggerated. The real military question is not the collapse, of that line, but of resistance, and at Aachen for instance it was strong. Where we did break through the line and proceed some miles beyond the fortifications we still encountered many natural strong points which the fanatics could defend. Guessing date for our arrivel In Berlin or later at Berchtesgarten was delayed therefore, by our more competent military judges until we probed beyond our Siegfried penetrations. .The same symptoms of morale decay are becoming increasingly evident among the Japanese, a growing 1 condition which inspired General MacArthur's extraordinarily optimistic statement a few days back, The fahatacism of Japan has been built on the religious power of the Samurai. Formerly the army officer was a god, and now he might as well be. But in order to maintain their positions as gods, the military class of Japan must feed the people victories. A look at the new map in the south Pacific, or the news of our victories which cannot be entirely suppressed or distorted before the Japanese people may have raised the question at home as to whether a change of dletiea might not be beneficial. At home It Is not as important as the news of our tactics and sue- cesses which the Jap troops pass " among each other and their knowledge of the great masses of superior planes we have been able to put over their heads. . This situation must be making an impression and have resulted In some of the Washington authorities suspecting the core of Japan will be found as rotted and as tender as we found the Nazi core in France. We cannot know until we reach it. Certainly our conception of the Nazi power in Frante before this Invasion was an exaggerated acceptance of their propaganda, or considerably influenced by it. Yesterday this column dealt with" the difficult strategy involved In conquering that whole hemisphere and the prospects that it might take a year. To that should be added the^ possibility that that strong imaginative attack could well bring the suspected Internal morale condition to the surface sooner. (World ropyrlfht. 1044. by Kins Feature* Syndicate. Inc. All rlchts reserved. Reproduction In full or In part strictly prohibited.) -(By PETER EDSON)- DeWolf Hopper will appear at Bakersfield Opera House Monday. for President, il is believed. CHEAP AUTOMOBILES T HE average, man, automotive engineers have said in the past, has no need for a that lime since Adolf told Ihc world that he would direct the command in accordance with his ideas and we have seen what that means -both to the enemv and to the Allies. not responsible for the Bentlmentj nonlilned therein «nd rwerien the rinht to' reject any letters. Ult»r« must bear «n authentic iddrew and algnatura. ilthougb these will be withheld If deslied. The very dispatch covering this latest e. . -..~ , *. . ^ i.l(i_> jsu w I I V W 1 V. tlllf^lll|C>ltl Ll»t> I heavy expensive automobile in traveling to ; development of the war is that the advance and from his oilicc :,12 days a year. As a «f u lo Allies has not been seriously impeded matter ol iacl, a small light car, economical while there was a tremendous cost of Gerin its gasoline and tire consumption, easy to man Jives. That is directly in line wilh the handle and park, ,s the sensible car for these campaign in Russia. It will be recalled that driving conditions. it was (lu>rc (ha( thc .. Lca<lcr » ke of his ^ Many persons have hoped that a really "intuition" and of the necessity for giving inexpensive car would be forthcoming some the Fatherland the benefit of 'it And so day and available to practically everyone, from being almost in sight of Moscow the Jell, such a car is promised by none other invaders were forced back through Ihc than Henry Ford ior the postwar period, months and years until now the once almost *" ' 810 " ° f lhC M ° <|C| A> Wl11 SC " i a-™ v «»«I»i"'»od enemy is nearing the German at about fc>00, according to the announce- soil. We can understand the gratification of 'n x- i i , • llu ' AIIil ' s il1 liearin S U»is piece of cheering 1. JMcliols, in making the assertion, ; m -ws but we are wondering what will be the „„ „ , . : effect upon the German population which Henry Ford is credited with thc slate- | has seen the once victorious enemy routed ment that he foresees no need for higher- i on the European battle fronts from the priced cars after the war and that many j Mediterranean north and on to the Rhine. said: people will prefer buying a stripped down car to paying 15 to 25 per cent more for a 1942 model." It is assumed that the Ford version of the postwar car will force other manufacturers to make more economical models for the same sensible trade. Millions of persons are inleresled in aulo- mobiles, which have become as necessary in No wonder Field Marshal Sir Bernard L. Montgomery said in hearing of this latest change in the leadership of the armies of the enemy: "The Allies have a lot to be thankful for in that Hitler has taken charge of the operations," and Jie offered the opinion that "The war in Europe will end before the close of 1944." THE DEPRESSION Editor The Californian: To make the statement, as one correspondent recently did, that a Republican President was responsible for putting the American people on the breadlines, docs not stand the test of reason. Because if such a statement is true, then he must also have been responsible for the great depression. Such statements do not make serrse for the reason that the depression did not have its beginning here in the United States at all. Almost every other nation on earth was afflicted with the same depression several years before It began to be felt here. Why not be truthful and place the responsibility for those trying years where it belongs, on the other World War, with its general destructiveness, its huge debts, the ill will caused among nations who had been friends and allies during the war. Why make moan accusations regarding Mr. Hoover for what ho did not do to help thc situation when his hands were tied by a hostile Democratic majority in Congress. Can there be anyone of us who does not know that as soon as Mr. Roosevelt took over, then the saroo Congress threw everything In his lap and told him to go ahead with any plan that ho might havo, no mat tor how crazy it might be'.' And what did Mr. Roosevelt accomplish with his plan to spend and spend, destroy farm crops, kill livestock? The number of unemployed steadily increased up until the time the present war started (fortunately for his political ambition). To say that Mr. Hoover put the nation In the breadlines is just so much unthinking flapdoodle coming from Mr. Roosevelt's poultry yard (it may get Roosevelt a few votes), but remember this, It was not a Republican President who dragged us into the first World War against the wishes of the people (no doubt a majority too). No! It was the ever socialist- minded, vainglorious ambition of Woodrow Wilson masquerading as a Democrat. And he it was who made the promise before he was elected to his second term, that no American soldier would ever be sent by him (Wilson), to spill his blood on any battlefield of Europe. Need I mention that Mr. Roosevelt made the same identical promise, before his third term began? MARTIN LEWIS. Bakersfield, September 21, 1944. CORRECTS R1PLEY Editor The Californian: Says Mr. Ripley of "Believe It or Not" fame in the September 11 issue: "General Guderian, chief of German armies, is a Russian. In 3900, in the city of Tiflis, where Stalin was born an abandoned baby was found in a street called "Guderian." This waif was adopted by the German consul who brought him to Germany and sent him to military school. . . ." Allow me to make corrections to the above. There is no street in Tiflis bearing the mentioned name. Stalin was born in Gori, not in Tiflis. A person born in Russia is not necessarily a Russian. A very prominent teacher of soul-saving philosophy was born in a manger. Furthermore, being myself a native of Tiflis and formerly connected with the high bureaucracy of that part of Russia, I knew personally the German consul of that particular period in that city and had the occasion of meeting him on numerous dates In Teheran, Iran, years afterwards, in company with the present political adviser In Washington, whose name I am communicating to th-» editor; and at no time heard from him of any kind of adoption. On the contrary the particular consul, later a minister to the Shah, and still later the ambassador to Moscow, had a son, his own son, whom he lost the other day In a Berlin purge. The name of the erstwhile Tiflis is Count Frederick von Schulenburg. VICTOR C. SVIMONOFF. Bakersfield, September 11, 1944. FORTY YEARS AGO (The CaliTornian. this date. 1904) News from Washington today states that Major General Corbin recommends that no army officer shall marry until first securing per mission from the secretary of war who, in turn, is statisfied that his income is sufficient to support himself and family and that he is entirely free from debt. Kern county's tax rate of $1.55 on each $100 valuation is low in comparison to that of other coun ties in the state. On Friday night the senior class at the high school will give a ban quet for all students. Arrangements were made at a meeting presided over by Miss Ruth Blodget. Little Maude Dwyer celebrated her tenth birthday anniversary at the home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Dwyer, this afternoon. FIFTY YEARS AGO (Tbe Californian. this dale. 1894) The family of Fred Walker will go to Modesto this week by wagon. Democrats organized a club in Kern City last night. They elected Judge Conger, president; Mr. Woody, secretary, and Mike Benson, treasurer. Superintendent Stearns of Tehachapi schools is a visitor in Bakersfield today. All cyclists are invited to call on Curtis Wlble at the Bank of Bakersfield to sign by-laws of Bakersfield Cycling Club. The little pony belonging to Lotus Kratzmer ran away twice this week, one time causing Miss Kratzmer to sprain her wrist. S. C. Smith of Bakersfield has been nominated for state senator. MARK TWAIN PRIZE Editor The Californian: The society is offering a prize of $10 for the best limerick on Mark Twain. The judges will be James Thurber, Frank Sullivan and Clement Wood. All limericks should reach us by October 10. CYRIL CLEMENS, President International Mark Twain Society, Webster Groves, Mo. A THOUGHT FOR TODAY A inerry^heart docth good UJce a medicine. — Proverbs 17:22. * » • Gaiety IB the soul's health; sadness la its poi»on.—StanUUiu. ) SO THEY SAY The hunger of the man on the street for news of scientific progress has increased in step with the penetration of technical advances into his daily life. It should be the continued aim of all newspapers, the nations greatest single educating force, to •.satisfy that hunger.—G. Edward Pendray, Westinghouse executive. Every delay, every slackening In our effort at home, can bring disaster and cost of lives. We cannot afford to run out of bombs In the midst of an attack. We cannot afford to have someone's son fly an old, battered aircraft for lack of a new replacement.—Artemus L. Gates, assistant secretary of the navy for air. Gradual reconversion, gradual release of war controls and gradual Increases in civilian production would fit nicely with a gradually fought war. But that is not the kind of warfare that General Eisenhower is waging.—Brigadier-General Leonard P. Ayres, Cleveland economist. It is my hope that we can devise a tax plan that may remain unchanged for a sufficient length of time to permit business to plan intelligently for the future.—Representative Robert L. Doughton (D.) of North Carolina, chairman ways and means committee. There is no basic distinction between the war with Germany and the war with Japan.—British Home Secretary Herbert Morrison. The "state of the Union" now includes the state of the world.—Dr. The hottest political and economic potato the President has yet had to field on his luncheon tray will be served to him .about October 14 when the National War Labor Board is scheduled to complete its week of deliberations on A. F. of L. and C. I. O. petitions to break the Little Steel formula and make its recommendations to the White House. That will be about three weeks before election. If he stalls off decision until after election it will be a miracle. But regardless of the date on which decision will be made, the President will be damned by his enemies, the Republican employers, if he does break it, and he will be damned by his friends in organized labor if he doesn't. Although the administration Is committed to upholding the principle of wartime wage stabilization as a means of curbing inflation, there are a number of outs and alibis which might be presented in justification of authorizing wage increases. ' The most peculiar argument Is that the Republican platform is against arbitrary wage freezes. Aside from that, it can be argued that the Little Steel formula has already been broken by the mine workers' and railroad brotherhoods' wage cases, in which the government gave those groups concessions in the form of portal-to-portal pay, overtime and other' extras which, while not technically increasing base rates of pay over Little Steel formula limitations, did give greater take-home 'pay than a strict interpretation of the formula would have warranted. Or, the buck can be passed to Congress for not carrying out all the provisions of the President's seven-point program to keep the cost of living from spiraling upwards. Specifically, the President recommended more subsidies, limitation of profits, limitation of salaries to $25,000 a year maximum, revision of the parity formula for agriculture and still higher taxes, none of which the Congress saw fit to give him. If that line is accepted, it can be argued that point three of the seven- point stabilization program—calling for ceilings on wages—should also be raised. It may be argued that the Little Steel formula Is based on false figures, the bureau of labor statistics' cost of living index giving an untrua picture of wartime living conditions. Labor has^ontended this all along. If such contention be accepted, then the Little Steel formula could be mathematically revised with the technical excuse that the stabilization program is not being broken at all. Perish the thought! The little Steel forrnula is just being applied as it was intended to be. Ton may well watch, however, for a new line of argument In authorizing the granting of wage increases. This comes from the realization that the war against Germany is about over and a concerted effort by labor is necessary to keep the present take- home pay—including the overtime—as the postwar base rate of pay. In other words, what labor would like to have is the present, wartime, 48-hours' pay for 40 hours of postwar work. The attempted justification for this is that even with overtime, the present average industrial labor take- home pay of $46 a week is just about • what it takes to get by on in these days of higher prices, and that any reduction of this take-home pay will mean that industrial workers will be forced to sell their war bonds, reduce ' their standard of living, or go into debt. As a means of keeping up the national income, maintaining the present consumer buying and spending power, developing postwar industries and stimulating business, it la seriously argued that those higher wage rates are an economic necessity to prevent postwar depression. It will take more political courage than there probably is in the whole world to stick by the Little Steel formula and try to live up to the principles of the wage stabilization pro?ram. But how any yielding of the line on wages can mean anything else than higher prices and a generous measure of postwar inflation is something you'll have to get from the grfat rationalized himself. ues'iioms amo. -Answers Isaiah Bowman, Hopkins U. president Johns PEN SHAFTS An Illinois man drove his car a half hour in his sleep. This practice is becoming common in other states. Stenographer experienced in shorthand Is advertised for in Boston. What a quaint old town! The season for sports shirts with low, soft collars Is about over. Back Into the trenches we go. If you find yourself traveling In circles maybe it's because you're running around too much. Police too often don't believe a public park is the public's. Secret engagements are the ones you bear the most about. Q. What proportion of males never marry?—L. G. H. A. The proportion varies with the starting point In the age series Starting at age 0 and including con siderable numbers of males who die in infancy, the perceatage who never marry is about 18. A more useful figure would perhaps be one starting at age 19, the earliest age at which there are considerable numbers of married males. The per centage of males 19 years old and over who never marry is approxl mately 11. Q. How long have the Miss Amer ica beauty contests been held at Atlantic City?—J. T. A. The pageant was inaugurated in Atlantic City in 1921 under the sponsorship of the city government and was continued annually until 1929 when there was a lapse of about five years. It was revived in 1935 under the Showmen's Variety Jubilee of Atlantic City. Q. Did Ireland refuse to enter the first World War?—O. B. D. A. Ireland as a nation did not refuse to take part in the war, and many citations for gallantry were made to Irish troops. The Irish Free State did oppose conscription and this was not enforced In the Irish Free State. Q. What Is the rate per mile allowed a retired soldier In traveling from place of retirement to his home in a private conveyance?—G. G. H. A. The war department says that under these circumstances the rate of travel pay for a retired enlisted man is three cents per mile. Q. What were the words used by Woodrow Wilson on his bookplate? T. L. V. A. The bookplate depicts a shelf of books and bears the words: Council and Light, Knowledge with Vision, and Strength and Life and Pleasure Withal. Q. Did Bing Crosby ever play on a major league baseball team?— N. C. B. A. The Sporting News says that he was never a member of any major league team. Q. How often does the average person go to the movies?—C. C. L. A. Last year ~ the average was about, 32 times. Q. What is the estimated number of bats which inhabit the Carlsbad Caverns in New Mexico?—N. D. A. It has been estimated that the bats number three million and that during one night's foray they consume a little over 11 % tons of night- flying insects. From October to March the bats hibernate, hanging by their feet In great clusters, and seemingly lifeless. Q. Who founded the first Christian monastery?—F.»R. W. A. This is generally attributed to Saint Pachomius, an Egyptian who was converted about 320 A. D. He- retired to Tabenna, an island in the river Nile where in 326 A. D. he founded a community devoted to religious life. According to Palladius, at the time of his death about 348' A. D., the monastery and convent contained,7000 inhabitants. Q. How much brighter than the average does a person have to be in order to be rated a genius?—A. G. N. A. In connection with intelligence tests the term Is ordinarily used of persons more intelligent than the rank and file. It has been stated that there are more than a million individuals in the country who can qualify as geniuses on this basis. Q. What is known as "the smile of Reims"?—M. E. R. A. At the west portal of Reims Cathedral, the archangel Gabriel is . found before one of the minor doors. His smile (temporarily damaged in the first world war) was restored and continues to be known as the "smile of Reims." Q. About how long would it take ' to make a tour around the world traveling by air?—W. C. R. A. A leading tourist agency assumes that postwar world tours, entirely or mostly by air. will be made' In five to eight weeks' time, allowing for satisfactory stopovers at the more important points. Q. Is Chiang Kai-shek the real* name of the Chinese generalissimo? L. H. B. A. It is a "courtesy name" or nickname. The real name Is Chiang ^hung-cheng. -• A ruder e*o itt tb* IIUWH to uy ountloo of hot W- wrltlni Th« bkinflrtd C«llf»SiJo JnfonntlU* Uuieiu, Il« Ej. strati, ' c>

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