Anderson Herald from Anderson, Indiana on August 28, 1966 · Page 18
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Anderson Herald from Anderson, Indiana · Page 18

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Anderson, Indiana
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Sunday, August 28, 1966
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tAGI 46 ANDERSON SUNDAY HERALD SUNDAY, AUGUST 28, 19W One Buddhist Sect Pushes Hard For Pacification Plan Giao Hoa Hoa Group Holds Area In Delta area of the delta. Soon bunches i is the prophet's 83-year-old of Viet Minh were found tied'mother who still lives at Hoa together floating down the Hao village. American doctors HOA HOA, Viet Nam (UPl)las a medicinal cure, as well as nationalist minded Hoa lW«ycrs f™ m the Hoa Hao;make the two-hour trip up river — The most effective pacifioa-jBuddhist teachings. When hisjinlo the arms of the I'Yench >"*«]. " u '» "«'*.. tion effort in Viet Nam has hermit teacher died he re-'who promptly signed a m.litary No religious been carried out armed forces of by the Vietnamese government or the United m:i nut iv;avii^i uicu uv- n. .•««« r« ,•...,<*•./ .,.„..-*. u --..... -•-. n-turned, sick and nervous, to his ; pact with the sect and left take Huynhs from Long Xuycn every two leader ro.se to :wee!ts to e h«;k her health, place and the. At the time of the annual Hoa home village. There on a stormy night them in control of their own spiritual head of the sect today'Hao celebrations, the birthday of the founder, thousands upon thousands of pilgrims clog the roads and waterways leading to Hoa Hao village. Outside every house flies the national Vietnamese flag and the plain wine colored flag of the Hoa Hao. There have been a number of unproved accusations that the Hoa Hao have managed to pacify An Giang and establish security in the area by coming to some kind of agreement with Uie Viet Cong. This modus vivcndi, it is claimed, leaves the Hoa Hao in control of the province with the proviso they keep central government influence and American presence to a minimum. American authorities in An Giang say they don't believe there is any such agreement, and assert there is no doubt of the strong anti - Communist stand of the Hoa Hao. No matter how they do it, tha sect 'keeps its area peacefully secure from Viet Cong depredations. SUNDAY, AUCUST 21, 1*66 ANMRSON SUNDAY HERALD PAGE 47 Can You Imagine A Child Who Has Never Had Books? Dirty, Noisy Slum World 'Restrictive' NEW YORK (UPI) - It is hard to imagine that in this country there are children who have never seen a book, or an orange, or petted a dog. Or been told a story ai they prepared for bed. One learns, as I did, that there are such children. Child- dren raised in a dirty, noisy world where the din of the streets and the television sets clashes around their heads. Where often the only adult voices they hear are scream- ing, "Watch out!" here!" "Get out"-or "Get lost!" So the world of ideas is lost to them, including the idea that people can communicate with "Come i and words, paints, dancing, I ange" mean to a child who has even,'music. never tasted one, perhaps never Many such children have only their own, limited Batman; beat 'em language: up; run, baby run; rat; dope. These words have meaning for them. each other by printed letters I Others don't. What does "or- seen one? Efforts Being Made Efforts are being made to teach such children, to bring them into our world. One new way of teaching Item to read- and understand what they read —has been developed over a period of years by Dr. Roach van Alien of the University of Arizona, Mexican and and taught to the Indian-speaking a Buddhist while, meditating before the States but by ....... religious sect in the Mekongifomily altar he was suddsnly Delta. and miraculously cured of his Tiie province of An GU'Jig is illness. He immediately began' rated 95 per cent secure and is ! explaining Buddhist doctrine as consequently the priority area he understood it to his family. in the delta for the U.S.-;Neighbors gathered and a Vietnamese rural development prophet was born, program. Its capital city. Ix>ng Simplified Reform Xuycn. 90 miles west southwest' Huvnh began moving through of Saigon, is a peaceful, clean, Iho countryside preaching his prosperous, riverside town. simplified, reform Buddhism All this is thanks to the Phat which needed no temples. Giao Hoa Hao, the "Prole-monks or expensive and slant" reform Buddhist sect,'elaborate rituals. He found a better known simply as the Hoa ready audience among the poor H?.o (pronounced wall' how) people of the delta who could ill after the name of the founder's afford to pay for religious home village. 'services for their ancestors or "We have never done any- to bless their daily lives, thing to pacify An Giang," an Huynh preached a puritan American officer in the delta form of Buddhism. He forbade admitted, "it was all done by the use of alcohol and opium, the Hoa Hao." gambling, matchmaking and Few Troops the sale of child brides. He also Adherents to the sect make cured a number of incurable up more than 90 per cent of the diseases and gained a reputa- population of the province and tion as a healer, or so the the regional and popular forces, church believes. of the Vietnamese government To the French authorities he :,, in the area are anywhere from was known as the Mad Bonze >80 to 100 per cent Hoa Hao. and they sent him to an asylum There are only a handful of in Saigon where he converted regular army personnel in An thousands of people including Giang and there have been no the Vietnamese psychiatrist in regular combat units in the charge of his case. French province for years. doctors declared him sane so This militant, missionary- he was sent to a concentration minded sect was founded in camp. This promptly became a 3939 and since then has built its,place of pilgrimage and the strength to an estimated 1.5'French began to get fed up. million persons, mostly in the : When the Japanese occupied western provinces of the Indochina they tried to use. Mekong Delta area of South:Huynh for their own purposes. Viet Nam. IHc prophesied their eventual The sect has been violently!defeat, and when in 19-15 the! anti-Communist ever since 1947JJapanese left Indochina he wasj when the Viet Men ambushed i the most influential man in its founder in the wild, swampy-South Viet Nam. Plain of Reeds and hacked his! As the Japanese moved out, body to bits. No remains were the Viet Minh moved in and ever found and orthodox Hoa soon were at loggerheads with; Hao still believe he will return i the Hoa Hao for control of the some day to lead his people. delta. Huynh formed the Huynh Phu So. prophet and: Vietnamese Social Democratic founder of the Hoa Hao sect J party though his name , still was born in the riverside: appeared on the Viet Nimh village of the same name in;executive committee. 1919. He is known to members; In April, 1947, the Viet Minhj of the sect simply by his i invited Huynh to a reconcilia-i surname Huynh, as a mark of ! (ion meeting and assassinated' respect. him. Word of the atrocity. After a sickly childhood, the leaked out. The Viet Minh had 1 boy was sent to a Buddhist hacked his body to bits and monastery on the Cambodianiscattered tile remains across bcrdcr where he learned magic'the Plain of Reeds, tricks and the ail of_ bleeding _ This act forced _lhe previously Russian Religious Freedom Move Grows NEW YORK (API—\<"--. in- ferities, the priests wrote, is riications appear almost daily of. "aiding antireligious agents in an intensifying struggle over their efforts to destroy our Holy religious freedom in the Soviet Churr'v" Union. 'they particularly assailed the Stop by step, as the drama Soviet government's Council on unfolds, details are being Religious Affairs, accusing it of brought out through an unusual overstepping its bounds, awl intelligence operation of the Na- using illegal pressures to violate tional Council of Churches. constitutional religious rights. : The latest disclosure is the They charged: text of a warning issued by Government control over the Moscow's Patriarch Alexei, naming of clergy; mass closing head of the Russian Orthodox of churches and church schools; Church, against public criticism 'prevention of youth from par- ot Church authority in its rela- Ucipat'.r..g in church services; tiqnship to the state. requirements for state registra- Condemning "eixleavors of tion of all baptisms, some clergy and laity" to stir Registration papers are then unrest about Church 'and gov- "used by agents of antireligious ermental policies. the Pa- propaganda for coarse persecu- trarch said in an encyclical to lion of parents who baptized all bishops- their children, and of those -The distribution of all kinds married in church," the priests ot 'open letters' and articles sa'.d. must be definitely stopped. It is The Patriarch promptly sus- the duly of diocesan bishops to pended the priests, attend to this " Seeking his comment on the His directive came in re- matter. Dr. Anderson, who tponse to a charge by Wo Mos- maintains communication with cow'priests that the Russian many Russian church leaders, Orthodox Church was becoming queried Metropolitan Nikodim. a tool of government. They have head of the Moscow Patriarch s refused to recant the'j- claims, international affairs branch, and appealed to the Church's Metropolitan Nikodim sent a svnod of bishops. copy of the Patriarch's cncycli- "Copies of their letter of pro- cal. dated July 6. II said that test sent both to the Patriarch opinions of a majority of bish- ard' to the USSR President ops agreed in the condemnation Nikolai V Podgorny. were of the -shameful activity' 1 of made available in this "country the two priests. in ,lune by the National "Persons utilizing this form of. Council's special unit The unit open address to their sp:r:tia! keeps check on religious affairs authority endeavor to spread hv direct contacts and by comb- distrust in our supreme Church iiio throug'i I"" Soviet. Mast authority among clergy and lai- ' "' pcriodi- tv." he .-aid. a:vl "bring temptation into the (]uiel stream of church life." by CARL ANDERSON REMEM3EK, HENKY-- I'M 6IVIN6 3 A FORMAL DINNERAND I PON'T .WANT TO SEE DIRTY HANDS AT TABLE TONIGHT? WHAT SHE EXPECTS TO RNP? KEEP SHAWMS BRACELET ANP A fcfcTCH/HOW POI 6ET POWM OOPS/ PARPDN ME! WILL you CARRV THESE •P WE TURNEP (T NAT THE LOST AMP IVE JUST WAMTEP TO SIFT SOME SAMP VER/ fWE-WE'RE (5ONNA MAKE. HOUR GLASSES/ THERE ARE. WHAT fit? you PO WITH THE JEWELRY you children in Tucson's Walter Douglass school. Mrs. Mona Dayton, who was elected 1966 teacher of the year by the Council of Chief State School officers for her work with bi-lingual primary children, is demonstrating this "language experiences in learning" technique to Eastern ghetto schools. She directed the institute for school integration at South Hampton College this summer. "We try to give children [success by showing them that not correcting Michelle's grammar. This would come later. —Billy drew a big blobby circle, slashed it with red. When Mrs Dayton asked him what it was, he sucked his thumb, moved away. She coaxed; held it up for the class to admire. Silence from Billy. Then the boy picked up a piece of cardboard, jabbed two holes in it, wrapped it around his head for a mask, and sidled up in front of the others. Still sucking his thumb and the mask, he blurted they can relate their own life out ..£ ^ t ,•„ (0ould he experiences to words words, h ^ t • , ^ what meanings," "she explained to teachers at Staten Island's Berryhouse School. It is run by Own "Books" When it was time for cookies, juice and soup (one child had the Staten Island (N.Y.) Mental drawn two circles and a spoon, Health Association for 60 five- titled her story "school") Mrs. to-seven year olds from one of its most ravaged slums. Dayton put the paintings in folders titled, "David's own ThfTchiidren are'given paper. 1 book," "Michelle's own book." cups of paint, brushes and! What it, amounts to is the aprons and told to make a'youngsters are learning to read picture. The day I visited Mona by MORT WALKER and DIK BROWNE BUT THAT'S PANGEROUS/ YOU PON'T CLIMB VERY HIGH . DO YOU /on, DITTO, LOOK", AT YOU/WHERE HAVE YOU BEEN? BOY/ HE'S (50T THIS BIG SWELL TREE IN HIS YARD WITH LOTS OF NIFTY SURE/ALMOST TO THE TOP. BRANCHES WE CAN CLIMB- PLAYIN6 OVER AT )_ RALPHIE'S- COME. DITTO/ NOW YOU'RE TAKING I PONT WANT YOU DOIN6 THAT AN/ MORE. YOU PLAY IN OUR YARD WHERE I CAN WATCH YOUR TUB \S READY..* DITTO ? © King Feature* Syndicate, Inc., 1966, World rights reserved. WE U_ WORK INTO )/^ FINE, IT <3RADUALL.y/r- > r I'M RATHER RU5TV THOLK3H.' WELL-THAT'S THREE GAMES _ WON. ENOUGH? HOW" HOW ABOUT SOME EXERCISE. TOOTS? THAT'S GAME. ABOUT TENNIS? A4AV0E YOU'RE A LITTLE RUSTIER AT THAT/ Walt Disney ProduclMOT World Rights R<«md 1M PRETTX GOOD AT WATER SKI INS- WANT ME TO TEACH YOU? IT'S MOKE FUN ON ONE SKI.' 'BYE. IT'S BEENAUeLApVOU REAL FUN PAY/Jf>C THINK SO! ), BOWLING? NO. HOW ABOUT TOASTING MARSHM ALLOWS? I'VE GOT A NICE FIRE GOING.' Distribute! by King FataTBSjndfottk I 8'28 tfM TTtl by Lyman young and Tom Massey European ar.d Chinese cals. Translations of document: and articles arc issued twice-monthly bulletin. Ultra in Communist Don ', I Msr \ WE WAIT TWHAT ABOUT THE CALVO IN IFOR HIM JOB ? WHAT IF THE HOSPITAL... / TO SET / HE'S NOT WELL WHAT VO WE A OUT .' /^~, IN TIME .' ? 00 ? f\ , I lOTC ueis Routine Action INWAXAPOLIS M"'I 1 ™"' HraiiiS'" Silid ' the B. Ar.derscn. "There is evidence dissent and ferment I'lorgj' and lay people ti'e Russian Orthodox a"d in the Russian s u f H ;,r a "—^^^^ .n^pW^H'^NnTnd.dj" <"<• V' ™ ,. Zyfor coinmissum use. the Jam o«i P™v,o..s oh-", •„Rev. Dr. Ertwin. ICspv ,,«„«- ^ 1R n enTIt ^tition general ,seerelar>. recently .in- noinced it row is l<> he circulated more widely to supply •Ihe struggle n and atheism" ... governed ar- ' ".<•"".. ™e <>' "><; pbiectmg. who had •. Demands for it have tome 1 9'. lt>r accompanying from government academic t'l'on- al The Ifiglhv "open letters" of Ho said KraniRm also re- the two Moscow priests, Father ™,yei some objections In P'.-HH Nikote K'hliman and Father |o bu.ld a new ,,,; ; a, 1 Vta.o Glcb Yakunin. claimed that c "^ '" •'• •'T'P" <°" n "Russian Orthodox leadership including Ihe Patriarch - had .MAIIHIK!) MA.V submitted In stale infringe- WASHINGTON • Ahoul f>7 mcnls. arc! urged a vigorous per cent of adnll Amenr;'n men rcasse'rtion of religious rights, were married in l!i.Vi as com- SiibseiV.encn ol Church au- pared with (V2 pen-cut in 1940. TIM, 1 WONDER IF CALVO REALIZES VIOLIN IS 3OO —, YEARS OLD .' POUBT IT, SPUD ...THE LABEL WAS INSIDE .' HOW CAN rVE FIND OUT ABOUT THE MAKER/ SUARNERIUS? PORT A6ANA HAS ONLY A ONE-ROOM LIBRARY ' TRUE/ BUT IT HAS A LIBRARIAN! WHO KNOWS EVERYTHING ABOUT ANVTH1N1C5J THE NAME 7 GUARNERIU3 i ONE OF THE INSIDE 1VAS L MOST FAMOUS VIOLIN- SPELLED M MAKING FAMILIES .' 6... U...A... CAIRO'S VIOLIN E WORTH A FORTUNE .' V/IOLIN ? 8-BUT Z DON'T PLAV THE VIOLIN .' )TD BE COfJTIMUSD Dayton's demonstration class: by writing their own primers. As the months go on, and the lildren's pride in themselves —David frowned at his paper j blossoms, they begin to exper- a long time before he picked upament with letters, then words, a brush, smeared gobs of black j Mrs. Dayton fills psrt of every paint all over everything, his!school day reading other ,_ .__,.. j_j stories, pointing to letters and pictures, combing the tradition- own hands included. "What are you painting?" asked the teacher, putting her al phonetics and look-say arm around his shoulder. techniques with her teaching. He frowned a long time. Them "Soon the children pick up answered, "night." I books and skim right through "Very good," said Mrs. I them." she said. "By the end of Dayton, holding it up for the i the year most of them will be rest of the children to see.!eager readers and have lost "Now, will you tell me a story their shyness and gained new about it?" David was silent, longer this time. Then he looked away and stammered, "night is for love. Night is for fight. I wish the sun would hurry up." The teacher printed his words in big block letters on the same sheet of paper, repeating each letter slowly, then each word. "Now can you read your very own story to the class?" He scrunched up his face, then pointed proudly to the first word and yelled, "night!" —Michelle's picture was of a fat woman in a red dress and no shoes. "Her is mom," she explained. "Her braids my hair. Her cleans around. Her shouts me to watch Eddie. Nothing eke." "Wonderful!" said Mrs. Dayton, again carefully printing pride." One of her rules: Never let a child's day go by without some bit of success, always find something to praise. She reads lots of poetry. "Children respond to the rhythm of sounds even when they don't know the meaning of the words." And lots of love. This, too, is something many of them have to learn. is why Mona Dayton big, brilliant butterfly big, littl each letter, just as carefully poem "Love." That prizes , one shy. little girl painted for her, laboriously printed in big, bright blue letters. "Fairies are all around you "Singing "Ringing bells "Singing how great you ar« "Fairies love you." The youngster titled her Cry Of Block Power Hits Rights Alliance BLACK POWER I smallest member of the civil EDITOR'S NOTE: The civil rights alliance. The older, but rights movement is bitterly di-! equally militant, Congress of vided ovf* a new ideology called black power. What is it, mi how did it develop? This article, the first of two, examines the genesis of black p»wer, and its effects. By DON~MCKEE ATLANTA, Ga. (AP) - A rattle cry first shouted from a flatbed truck in a Mississippi town has reverberated violently, shattering .the loose and polyglot alliance known as rights movement. "We want black Thats' what power!" the civil power! we want! Black Quickly a crowd of Negroes ;athered at a campsite in a Greenwood park that hot, sultry night in June seized upon the Racial Equality quickly allied itself with SNCC, or Snick as it is often called. One of the first civil rights organizations to challenge black power was the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People — also, incidentally, the first to discover the strength of the new movement's appeal. Executive Director Roy Wilkins stated the NAACP 1 position in a speech to his organization's convention, just a few days after CORE had adopted black power as policy. "We of the NAACP will have none of this," said WiBrins. "It is the father of hatred and the mother of violence." Black power has to mean separatism, he speaker's words, and his angry [said, and can le'ad only' to demand became a chant: "black death." "Black power, black power." black power, Within days those two words elders, and alarmed many white allies of the Negro cause. More importantly, it now has The first reaction of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., principal proponent of nonviolence, bad fired the imagination of was mild. The slogan was, he young- Negroes throughout the sa id, "unfortunate." But a few country, troubled some of their days later, King placed a seven- column ad in The New York Times in which he said, "With the violent connotations that become the slogan of a newjnow attach to the words, it has MV MOM? TAMINu I'LL 60 LOOK x i7i w'r KMOW ^ II ( ou WEPE OM { - = ^ (ffl Kind FMturn 5ynilk«t«, Inc., f966. World lighti ntuivid ideology; the catch-phrase for an issue that has forged a band of militants into a force determined to change the course of the civil rights movement. This faction, largely young activists, long has chafed under what it regarded as undue re- become dangerous and injurious." Two weeks ago, in a speech to the convention of his Southern Christian Leadership Conference, King took issue with a basic black power contention that there is no decision making straints imposed ..by older, bel-jrole for white sympathizers in ter established Negro leaders.'the civil right movement. As early as 1964, its adherents! The struggle, he said, has began questioning the effective-1 brought Negro and white closer ness of the movement's favorite j together and, "We are becom- tactics, notably nonviolent dem- ing even more aware of the fact onstrations. that problems of which we i But where once the debateispeak can never be confined to swirled around which way toithe Negro alone." 'tack, the dissenters now dispute As the cry of "black power" i the validity of the one objective began to be heard more fre- around which the various organ-jquently, the White House took .izations had made common;notice. President Johnson called cause: eventual integration of.for color blind democratic pow- Negroes into every aspect of]er — "with a small d." Vice |American society. , jPresident Hubert H. Humphrey The impact of this challenge pointedly denounced racism un- lis intensified by the fact that the Negro movement has been a coalition of convenience — its I members cooperating in time of crisis while competing with one another for members and money during periods of relative quiet. Now wrecked for the first rapidly camps. time by bitter disagreement over what should be the Negro's ultimate goal, the movement is dividing into two Advocates of "black power" are demanding self-determination, political power and economic independence for Negroes; rejecting integration as an ideal, nonviolence as a philosophy, and the participation of whites as equals in the Negro! drive for equality. The conventional, and far der any name. Much of the tempest has cen- tred over the definition of black power. As defined by proponents slack power means, in its simplest terms, the coexistence of Vegro and white in direct political and economic competition, plus a deliberate effort to instill racial pride in Negroes. "We just want to get white people off our backs," says Carmichael, national chairman of SNCC and the man who first gave voice to the cry for "black power." "Our job is not to make black people violent or nonviolent," ho says. "It's to get certain things. IWc want things that everybody larger, organizations, arc holding firmly to the goal ot full integration, to bo obtained by legislation, lititgation and nonviolent demonstrations. Black power's banner was raised by Stokley Carmichacl of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, youngest nnd else has — decent houses, decent jobs, the right to decide and define what we want to do." Opponents are unanimous in charging lhat violence is inherent in black power's rejection of nonviolence. Carmichacl and his supporters vehemently deny it, contending that they simply Insist on the right of « man attacked to defend himself.

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