Editorial 'Is Everybody Happy?' Hutchinson News Thursday, Oct. 7, 1971 Page 4 Get USDA Out of It The school lunch program should not belong to the Department of Agriculture. Nor should any other federal project, such as food stamps, which are designed to improve health, to aid nutrition and to end hunger. The USDA's now-you-see-it, now- you-don't game with school lunch funds demonstrates again t h e bureau's indifference to the nation's health needs. President Nixon had promised an increase in school lunch money to assure that more youngsters would benefit. Congress approved. School districts and state education units set their budgets on an expanded lunch program. The USDA arbitrarily slashed the fund, with some airy argument that the states could make up the difference. The states hadn't time to do this, even if they would. Congress is ordering a return to the original pattern, as it should. The episode demonstrates again how callous the USDA is toward health and welfare problems. The attitude stems from Southern dominance of the USDA in its legislative committees, and Southerners generally operate from the premise that the poor are none of government's concern. Food programs, such as school lunches, do benefit farmers tlirough use of commodity purchases. This farm benefit would not be changed by transfer of these health and welfare projects to HEW. Indeed, farmers generally should benefit more, because we would get more distribution of needed food. It was a turnabout in this instance that Southern members of the Senate Agriculture committee led this revolt against the USDA and the fund- slash. It was opposed in committee by administration supporters, including Sen. Bob Dole, for apparent partisan reasons. But that flip - flop only indicates how wrong - headed the USDA and the administration were in trying to deflate the school lunch program. It's one of the last places to need the knife. Kissinger: White House Advance Man An Unused $15Vi Million County welfare directors in many Kansas counties may not be knowingly protecting slum owners, but that is the result of one of their fail' ures. And they are wasting taxpayers' money. This has to be the conclusion from a recent interview) with H. Morgan Williams, state director of the Farmers Home Administration. Williams says many welfare recipients pay $50 to $60 a month to rent low-grade housing when they could be buying, say, a new $12,000 home for payments of $35 a month. He also said that home repair loans could be made at 1 per cent Interest to persons who are now paying much, much more. The Farmers Home Administration can make these loans in towns of 10,000 population or less. It. is a "new constituency" for Farmers Home, Williams said, and it is a constituency that is hard to reach. He said there appears to be a general reluctance in the state for public officials to use the program to help the poor and the disadvantaged. And he said the private sector isn't, very enthusiastic, either. Some $15.5 million is available this year. County welfare directors and others know it is there. That's enough said. Another Political Racket The dummy political committee is proliferating. The message it brings is that campaign spending the next 12 months will be unbridled, as usual, despite high-sounding talk in Congress of campaign "reform." A recent congressional inquiry into campaign financing resulted in a law barring individual contributions of more than $5,000 a year to a candidate for federal office or to a political committee, above the state and local level. The law Is worthless. Contributions already are being made far exceeding the $5,000 limit. The usual dodge is the phony committee, with such high-blown names as the League for Concerted Action and the Committee for a Better Nation. These two happened to be col- At Wits End lecting money for the re-election of President Nixon, but both parties are getting in the act. Washington reports reveal that such dummy committees have collected $170,000 from dairy fanners alone. (It just happens that most of these funds came in after the Nixon administration approved an increase in milk support prices, but that's another story.) Twq problems are posed in these evasions: 1. Some people contributing to these elaborately-named committees don't realize they are providing funds for the GOP or Democratic party. 2. The system makes a fraud of the effort to control campaign spending, and leaves the matter right in the hands of a few wealthy contributors. Movie Report: ZZZZZZZ By ERMA BOMBECK There are some aspects of child-rearing I love. The pride of watching your child come to grips with maturity. The good feeling of hearing them laugh. The special glow of having a sleepy head in your lap when you drive home in the darkness. But if there is one thing, that bores me to death, it's* hearing a child tell you I about a movie he has justi seen. It's like an anesthe -f tic ... a spinal from the) neck up. The other night at dinner my husband and I were regaled with not one, bat a doable feature. Bombeck The first monologue featured "WUlard" a warm, tender flick of a child sklde who raises vicious rats. "First, I want to tell you about the ending," be started. "Willard's rats ate Ernest Borgnine." "He was a fool to leave McHale's Navy," mumbled my husband "You see," our son continued, "he killed one of Willard's pet rats just out of meanness. And he put WUlard down all the time. It was gross. They were crawling all over him. And here's the spooky part. There was this party and Willard came with his box of rats and everyone was afraid of them. So was the cat. He was sniffing around the box and they just dump ed him off at the phone booth and when someone said, 'Whose cat is this?' Willard drove off in the car. The rat bit Willard at the end when he saw the poison. Everyone in the theater was laughing. And did they multiply Wow. Do you know how fast rats multiply? And Willard used to go down in the basement and yell at them, 'stop multiplying!' " "I'll bet the rats laughed him right out of the room," said my husband. "The really funny part was the woman who put on a cape ... it was a special deal . . . and her teeth grew into fangs and she flew around biting her husband on the neck. It was this real weird house, see, and some realtor was always trying to sell it and one guy goes into the basement and the door closes on him and two coffins open. That was neat. The second feature ... It was called "The House that Dripped Blood.' I bet you'd feel pretty creepy if Mom ever bit you on the neck, wouldn't you, Dad? Dad?" He straightened, "Yes, they certainly do multiply at an astonishing rate. Now, during dessert, let's talk about something a bit more pleasant. Mother? Do you want to get dessert? Mother? My head jerked up. "More pellets . . . I mean potatoes, anyone? 'Willard' sounds interesting, dear. But why don't you tell us about the cartoons? "It was Mickey Mouse and was it gross Somerset Maugham lives. By JAMES M. NAUGHTON (C) 1971 N.Y. Times News Service WASHINGTON — No one ever thought Henry A. Kissinger, assistant to the President for national security affairs, would be recorded in history as a White House advance man. But in disclosing Tuesday that he will undertake his second mission to Peking, Kissinger in effect joined a corps of faceless White House aides whose role it is to make advance arrangements for presidential journeys. In turn, the assignment of the senior foreign policy assistant to lead a delegation that will arrange technical details of Nixon's trip to China illustrated the difficulties — and potential advantages — inherent in conducting diplomacy in the absence of formal diplomatic relations. As one government official stated this week, "If we don't even know how many hotel rooms they have in Peking, how can we be expected to know what's going on in their polltburo?" Before Nixon ventures to Peoria, much less to Peking, his staff provides him with minute-by-minute schedules and codifies in blue-hound, loose-leaf briefing books details about where the President will sit at ceremonial dinners, points his discussion partners will make and his strongest counter arguments, and drafts of arrival and departure statements he will memorize en route. There are no established patterns for these details in China, however, and no American personnel stationed there to provide them. Thus, Kissinger and eight or nine other officials must go to Peking to detennine motorcade routes, protection of the President, press arrangements, communication with Washington and dozens of other details. Prosaic Questions "I believe that the Chinese, in their long and distinguished history, have never encountered anything like a presidential press party," quipped Kissinger. Will the Chinese permit hordes of writers and photographers to descend on Peking? Other, more prosaic questions, must be answered. Will the Chinese allow United States Air Force jets to make the customary daily courier flights from Washington with technical documents? Who will exchange Chinese currency for dollar-laden Americans, a task normally handled by the United States embassy staff, which also provides liquor at $1 per fifth and cigarets for $1 a carton. Where will the presidential party obtain typewriters and duplicating machines? One experienced White House advance man said, "You just don't go to your local Xerox representative in Peking and say, 'Send mc a machine'." What vehicles will be made available to the Peking delegation, lacking the usual motor pool provided by an embassy or by the nearest United States military base? the view from here by s.a. Basic Training I should have stayed with "Laugh-In." Instead, the tube went over to Channel 8 for its presentation of a documentary, "Basic Training," and I didn't sleep too well that night. It was a disconcerting, moody, subjective experience. Not because of any hoop-la or tricks by camera and director. The thing was done straight, even low-keyed, with your imagination left spilling over the edge of the screen. (One exception was the stylized scene of recruits picking their way through a minefield at night, their fingers probing the sand and dirt, their bodies swaying to the silent commands of their trainers. Beautiful, the way a ballet is beautiful when the music is stilled.) ONE'S REACTION depends on where one has been. Those who have gone through the army's basic training course, at any time since World War II, undoubtedly felt the pangs of recogni- ^^^SS. tion. The army has /f^w'y changed, and is changing, i)ut its tools remain the same—the bayonet thrust, the careful, steady instilling of discipline, the tedi -i am, the idealistic non-com] and the symbolic brass,! the hurt and mild panic >f the gas chamber, the s.a. rituals of drill, and weapon-cleaning, and parade. The disturbing impact is the sudden realization that the army and its sergeants are not really changing these cherubic, pimply, next-door kids into killers, but only are bringing out the instincts that must be in all of us. THE CONCEPT is classic in its simplicity. The trainees come to Ft. Knox, Ky., nervous, eager, rebellious as is in their varying natures. In nine weeks, they change from stumble-bums on the parade ground to soldiers of reasonable precision. Their weapons seem to grow on their backs as we watch them. Their instincts come bubbling up as they learn, with snake-like fascination, how to break another soldier's neck. But it all seems to come without hate, and only approaches violence. Bayonet practice is not nearly as brutal as an afternoon on the football training field. There is the quiet session with the chaplain; counseling a youngster who tried to commit suicide, and a morning at the base chapel; the bull session of the drill instructors during rifle practice, talk centered on life after death, reincarnation, astrology. "BASIC TRAINING is another work by Frederick Wiseman, a former Boston lawyer who previously has analyzed a prison for the criminal insane, in "Titicut Follies," the regimentation of a white, middle-class education in "High School," and other 90-minutc documentaries. "I've been responsible for four of the most depressing movies ever made," Wiseman said in an interview with Newsweek Oct. 4. This new film of army training, he added, "is even more depressing than I expected." Why? Not because of the army, but because of us. "It turns out," Wiseman said, "that there is nothing that puts professional soldiers at a distance from ths rest of us. That's infinitely more depressing than showing that drill sergeants are a bunch of animals." Newsweek says the key scene shows trainees lunging at one another with padded sticks, as their comrades egg them on, "Get him! Hit him in the head! Hit him!" "That scene," Wiseman says, "reverses the notion that, in teaching how to kill, the army is forcing alien values on these kids. The recruits always wanted more combat training." Henry Kissinger Accompanying Kissinger will be his senior staff assistant on East Asia, John H. Holdridge, and Winston Lord, both of whom were with him when he went secretly to Peking in .July. They will discuss substantive details on the Nixon agenda, as will Alfred S. Jenkins, director of Asian Communist affairs for the State Department. In addition, the advance staff will include Dwight L. Chapin, a presidential aide who nomially supervises travel details from Washington; an official of the White House communications agency; a representative of Ronald L. Ziegler, the President's press secretary; and one of the agents from the secret service detail that guards Nixon. Physical Security The White House is said to be planning to establish a satellite communications link between Peking and Washington, but will not rely on it to provide security from eavesdropping. Uncertainty about communications security is offset, however, by relative confidence that Nixon's physical security will not be jeopardized in China. Officials familiar with such arrangements say it frequently is easier to arrange security in countries with authoritarian governments. "It can be safer than a trip to Chicago," said one official. Even the style with which advance men conduct their negotiations can be important. They attempt to be deferential to their hosts, but insistent on arrangements satisfactory to the President. Accordingly, the sensitivity of Kissinger's mission in advance of a journey that can have both symbolic and real importance to President Nixon's political future and United States foreign policy is exemplified by this remark from an old hand at advancing: "It's always delicate when you're a guest in someone's country to pull it off so that everyone's happy." Merry-Go-Round LBJ Reveals How Russians Threatened War on Israel Anderson By JACK ANDERSON WASHINGTON — In his memoirs, Lyndon Johnson describes in harrowing detail how he maneuvered the Sixth Fleet in response to a hot-line threat of Soviet military action, against Israel in 1967 and how he faced down Premier Aleksei Kosygin over the Middle East during their subsequent meeting at Glassboro, N.J. Here are the highlights I from our bootleg copy of| the Johnson memoirs: At the height of the) Arab-Israeli Six Day War,! the President received a grim, hot-line message from Kosygin threatening "necessary actions, including military" unless Israel halted its operations unconditionally within a few hours. There was other provocative language in the message. Declares Johnson: "In an exchange between heads of government, these were serious words: 'very crucial moment,' 'catastrophe,' 'independent decisions,' 'military actions.' "The room was deathly still as we carefully studied this grave communication. I tu'-ned to (Defense Secretary) McNamara. 'Where is the Sixth Fleet now?' I asked him." The fleet had orders to stay at least 100 miles from the Syrian coast. The President told McNamara "to issue orders at once to change the course and cut the restriction to 50 miles. "The Secretary of Defense gave the orders over the phone. No one else said a word. Some of the men in the Situation Room later recorded their memories of that morning. (Ambassador to Russia) Llewellyn Thompson recalled it as a 'time of great concern and utmost gravity.' (CIA Director) Richard Helms remembers that 'the atmosphere was tense' and that conversation was conducted 'in the lowest voices I had ever heard in a meeting of that kind.' Kremlin Gets Message "We all knew the Russians would get the message as soon as their monitors observed the change in the fleet's pattern. That message, which no translator would need to interpret to the Kremlin leadership, was that the United States was prep- pared-to resist Soviet intrusion in the Middle East." The crisis faded and, not long afterward, Johnson and Kosygin held a friendly, face- to-face meeting in Glassboro, N.J. "At only one point in our first session did Kosygin seem close to becoming really heated," recalls LBJ. "He said we had talked about territorial integrity before the Middle East war, but we had ended by protecting aggression. He insisted that Israeli troops go back to the original armistice lines. . . "At mat point, be came close to is suing a threat. Unless we agreed to Ms formula, he declared, there would be a war—'a very great war.' He said the Arabs would fight with arms if they had them and, if not, with bare hands. . . "If they fight with weapons, I replied, we would know where they got them. Then I leaned forward and said slowly and quietly: 'Let us understand one another. I hope there will be no war. If there is a war, I hope it will not be a big war. If they fight, I hope they fight with fists and not with guns.' "I told him that I hoped both our countries could keep out of any Middle East explosion because 'if we do get into it, it will be a most serious matter.'. . . "Kosygin noted that we now liad the 'hot line' and could use that whenever necessary as we had to good effect during the recent Six Day War. Kosygin apologized for having wakened me so early in the morning through the 'hot line.' But, he added, together we had 'accomplished more on that one day than others could accomplish in three years.' " Decision to Bomb Kosygin was also involved, indirectly, in an earlier crisis. He was in Hanoi on Feb. 6, 1965, when Communist guerrillas struck a U.S. barracks at Pleiku. This led to President Johnson's decision to bomb North Vietnam. "As we talked, there was an electric tension in the air. Everyone in the room was deadly serious as he considered the possible consequences of this decision. Each man around that table knew how crucial such action could be. How would Hanoi react? Would the Chinese Communists use it as a pretext for involving themselves? What about Kosygin and the Russians in Hanoi? "Someone suggested that Ho Chi Minh had mousetrapped the Soviet leader by attacking us during his visit. If we failed to respond, we were 'paper tigers'; if we hit back, Soviet prestige might be further involved." The President went ahead with the first bombing attack while Kosygin was still in Hanoi. LBJ explained at a secret briefing for congressional leaders: "We have kept our gun over the mantel and our shells in the cupboard for a long time now. And what was the result? They are killing our men while they sleep in the night. I can't ask our American soldiers out there to continue to fight with one hand tied behind their backs." More than three years later, Johnson ordered the futile bombing stopped. His recollection of the moment: "I looked, one by one, at the men assembled around the long cabinet table and asked their judgments on my decision. The reactions were quick and unanimous. 'Absolutely,' said one. "The thing to do,' said another. . . I had the feeling that I was perhaps the most doubtful man in the room." Looking Backward Ten Years Ago in 1961 Mrs. Inez Patrick, 72, was queen of Lindsborg's Svensk Hyllnings fest. Rev. Emmett Cater, Ellsworth priest, brought a work of art for the frame for $13. New York experts were checking whether the picture was a Rubens worth $1 million. Reno County farmers were plowing milo under in the government's 20 per cent acreage ruling. Twenty-five Years Ago in 1946 Kansas State had 8,492 students. Hurricanes wrecked the Florida citrus crop. Cowboy Graham and Danno O'Mohony were scheduled to wrestle here. Fifty Years Ago in 1921 Hutchinson Odd Fellows were celebrating the 49th year. Fire swept through Rock Island railroad property at Pratt, with $300,000 damage to 25 box cars, sheds, the roundhouse. The Hutchinson Chamber of Commerce entertained at dinner for all United Commercial Travelers who headquarted here.
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