Anderson Herald from Anderson, Indiana on August 28, 1966 · Page 15
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Anderson Herald from Anderson, Indiana · Page 15

Anderson, Indiana
Issue Date:
Sunday, August 28, 1966
Page 15
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SUNDAY, AUGUST 21, 19M ANDHSON SUNDAY HERALD PACE 4} Computers Lack Any Moving Parts, Results Fantastic Impact On America Becoming Immense As Use Increases accuracy, whether the opposing team will pass, run or kick on the next play, You are chairman of the U.S. Civil Service Commission. Thej President of the United States asks you for some candidates for a top government post. So you run 25,000 cards listing potential appointees through a NEW YORK (UPI) -Truly|earning in milk, you use '"1™"^^ (EeNatents^the the whir of the computer isramputer. President is seeking. heard through the land. Consider this: You are a coach for the Washington Red skins. Since You are a dairy farmer in quarter Jacks are crea- i i „„„ T/. j^J« .*i«h .r'tures of habit, you feed the Arizona. To decide which ofj j t opposition your cows is costing more I quarterbacks into a computer money in feed than they are and it predicts, with 82 per cent You are a longshoreman in New York. Every morning you report for work by inserting a wallet-size plastic "seniority card" into a computer. It issues you an eligibility card there is no work for you that day, it records you as ready, willing and able to work—and therefore eligible to collect one day's share of the $5,500 guaranteed annual income tiated for their union. indicts Crook* You are Joseph P. Hocy, U.S. attorney for the Eastern- District of New York. You convince a grand jury to indict 86 men for bookmaking by telling the jury what a computer has determined of the movements, payoffs and clients of suspected bookies. For doing so, incidentally, Union complains that "most people consider compu ters infallible," the trial jury is for that day's shapeup. And if you find yourself in hot water; the American Civil Liberliesly ea rs ago. The machines'|International Business Ma- i, it is not the machine's since annual billion. sales amount to $1 In the last 10 years, likely prejudiced against | according (o David Saraoff, chairman of the board of Radio the defendants. Fifteen ye.ars ago, computers became a business in the United States and 10 years ago they became a big business. Today, an estimated 30,000 of them are in use, performing 10,000 different tasks for the companies which produce 70 per cent of the nation's goods' and services. Computers gainfully employ 100,000 "programmers"—an oc- Corporation of America, the computer has become 10 times smaller, 100 times faster and 1,000 times cheaper to operate. He says the rational computing power is doubling every year. And- in a decade, he says, there will be 100,000 computers, performing 400 trillion calculations a year—about two billion per hour for ever man, woman and child in the country. Fad is, says David T. cupation that didn't exist 15 Kearns, vice president of chine's sion, limitations which sets the pace for the use of computers, it is the limitation of the minds of men who tell the computers what to do. Nonetheless, man has given the machine some fairly exotic taks. Computers are tracking down traffic offenders who ignore their tickets in New York and Chicago; they are helping to design cars in Detroit and highways throughout the nation; without them, no man would go to the moon in 1970. forerunner of the computer was th« creation of Herman Hollerith. An engineer employed by the Census Bureau, he was appalled by the paper work involved in the census of 1880. He put together a tabulating machine which he called a "statistical Piano" because, like a player piano, it used a roll of punched tape. His device was credited with saving two years' work. Today, an IBM computer called the System-360 Model 75 is able lo perform 375,000 multiplications a second and prototype "third generation" computer is expected to be able can queiy a computer for ths titles and locations of books holding information he wants. Dr. Stephen N. Parrish of Cornell says the unautomated library card catalog "has even now fallen hopelessly behind the waves of information that wash over us." Scholarship-students of literature, the arts and the social sciences are beginning lo USB computers. Assistant Prof. Philip Stone of Harvard used a computer to make a study of suicide notes and to draw sociological conclusions about their authors. At New York University's Institute for Com- I/A\ SO WORW OUT \ SHOPPING X CAW'T TAKE AWOTHER GREAT.' > <30 HOM&- &oV-THERE'S WOTHIWG LIKE THAT WORP TO PUT MEW LIFE \WTO HER { VJHERE ARE VOLi SOIWQ TO THE BIS WHERE ELSE ? /^HERE -TAKE THESE BEFORE I. COLLAPSE J WHAT ?.'! AWP M\ss ALL THOSE OTHEP. NOW CAW VJE GO HOME? TAKE THESE - X'/A ^f GOOD / . <=>0 EXHAUSTED X CAW LET/-S QO I. HAVEW'T BEEW TO THE VAOS\ERV HARDLV STAWO UPJ HOME THEW T'S TOO BAP-THERE'S > WOT A MOBEL PR12.E FOR. 6HOPPIW6 ^HE'D WIW IT-HAUDS PONWW 'I UOT EMIL.V-SHE QUICK.' TAKE THl'5-X'VE GOT TO SET TO THE 6LOVE I SHE'LL \ •\AVE TO QU\T soou- SHE'S READY TO PROP WOW' , KUOW THE vou .... V^HAT CAN A MAW PO WITH A VOOMAN LIKE THAT? MEAW\WG OF THE What was probably the|to do several million multiplica-iputer Research a computer is tions a second. i being used to 'determine whe- .MOLLY! WALNUTS" i DON'T WANT ANX MOOSE. JUST GET ENOUGH FOR YOURSELF. // -/ FRUITS '? aMd/ VEGETABLES I KNEW THAT CRACKING THOSE NUTS J WITH HIS ) TEETH WOULD 6IVE HIM . A TOOTHACHE.' MY TOOTH DOESN'T HURT ANYMORE! S-28 I'D LIKE TO CANCEL MY DENTAL APPOINTMENT' Dr. Jerome B. Wiesner, dean of science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, considers the development of the ther Daniel DeFoe, author of "Robinson Crusoe," also wrote some articles for 400 anonymous -- . . . __ British political computer one of the turning journals at the turn of the 18th points in'history. 'century. The computer analyzes "The computer, with ilsi the author's known works, promise of a million-fold! Peking his favorite words, increase hi man's capacity lo i examining his sentence strut- handle information, will undoub-! ture . paragraph length ami the tedly have the most far- ^ °,' ' nller'^words like "on." reaching social consequences of ' ' ne ancl "and." Then it any contemporary technical compares Del'oes style with development," he says i the anonymous prose for He also says the same thing i similarities in pattern. At of it that many people say 0 f; PnnceU)n ' French ? cholar Hldl - nuelear energy: i e ' C. Launay is using a "The potential for good in the \ com P' llt , er to , analyze the computer, and the danger j vocabulary and ideology of 18th inherent in its misuse, exceed j century French political wri- |ters. Princetons Computer Center, which operates 24 hours , our ability to imagine." Measurable Impact a day throughout the year, is American society. Here are| Education - computer-run some of the things it is doing or soon will be doing: "talking typewriters" are teaching 3-year-olds at Mount Bank£g-in™the > 'near future j Vernon, N.Y lo read, write says George W. Mitchell, aj a ' ld type. The youngster hits member of the Federal Re- p 16 Ietter " K " and the serve Board your bank's machines pronounces the letter. Later, the voice asks the' youngster to put together computer will automatically write checks for you and pay,-..., - , ,. . ., your monthly bills-rent, insur- different letters until he forms - • ' an assigned word and congrato ance, utilities. To pay other bills, you will dial your bank on your touch-tone telephone, punch some buttons and thus latcs him when he's done it. Computers in schools arc handling paper work—schedul- inrstruct the computer to write :' n g students, scoring tests, the checks Mitchell foresees (keeping academic and guidance the "checkless-cashless" socie-i records < P™tmg report cards, ty ;But computer-operated teach- Replacing money—depositors ! n 6 machines are still cxper- of the Bank of Delaware need j no longer handle, money or ! credit cards when they shop at ; one Wilmington chain store ioutlel. Instead, they dial the i bank's computer on the telephone, insert a plastic card, (mental—and very expensive. In higher education, hardly a student in a technical field gets through college without having learned how to program a computer to do routine but tedious calculations once dona puunc, iii^ei L a piaMiu emu, •-—••-'' -• and the bank's computer bv hand- transfers funds from their! Marketing-cash registers in account to the store's ' a department store in Washing- The Bay Area Rapid Transit! '<> n , D.C., record not only the system now building in Sanj slze of tne sale b "t what wa s Francisco says Us passengers! sold - Ourmg the, night, compu- will not need money. Instead ! lers t ake , inventory, spot they wiU buy a "money ticket", ^nds, enabling managers to !with a magnetically-recorded ! know at a g' an ce what .value. Each time they insert it ; merchandise to reorder, what into a turnstile, a computer willi" st ic k ers" lo discount lo get of! automatically deduct some of; the shelves in a hurry its value. The same device 1 A computer was advised of could be used all over town tbe tastes alld finances of Medicine - a computer at prospective customers for Houston's Methodist Hospital nomes ln a housing develop- will one day be able to predict i men ' '» Manalpan Township, changes in a patient's condition! ™.J. The builder chose three of before a crisis occurs It willi the computer-chosen models receive data on the patient's ouLsold the man-picked models electrocardiogram, electroenec- lb y 61 to ,? 9 P 61 ' cen '- phalogram, blood flow andi Railroadmg-a 70-foot long, pressure, pulse, respiration and ' f oor-to-ceiling data board m [temperature. On the hospital's) the Sou" 16 ™, Railways "war neurophysiology staff is ai room in Atlanta keeps track doctor-of electrical engineer- "J ev &y he ^ . car and ing i shipment along the lines 10,300 A life-size, life-like dummy which reacts to drugs on the command of a computer is mUe rout , e Law enforcement— a computer ln New York ci 'y is being used going to train anesthesiologists i to chase dmvn ' scofflaws who at the University of Southern have ignored 3.5 million tickets. California School of Medicine. ! The computer checks the 20,000 It will breathe, have ai' ra " K : summonses issued every heartbeat, dilate ' its pupils i dav m the cit V against the open its mouth, extend its state's seven million vehicle tongue, winkle its eyebrows, i registrations and prints out tense and relax its vocal cords, | citations and warrants against twitch its .shoulder muscles, : those who 'g™red their old cough, regurgiate and— if given li< * el f;. , , , the wrong anesthetic - change: Trafflc movement-electronic color from pink to blue to^fnsors will keep an eye on ashen gray ; New York traffic and a Law-lawyers are alwaysi com P uter wiu determine which concerned with precedents and! 5 *;™*; 15 and avenues should get finding them in the law! the lon g 6 reen '"Bht- Computer- libraries is a wearying task:°P erate d s 'gns, wdl advise that occupies many lifetimes, motorists about less-busy alter- An nate routes. Predict Plays Football—coaches have been .ion I CALLED THE DENTIST. HE'S EXPECTING YOU IN TWENTY MINUTES. IN A FEW MOMENTS MOOSE'S TROUBLES WILL BE ALL OVER f agency called Law .Research Service, Inc., in New 1 York permits a lawyer any-i *'ootpaii-coacnes nave DC .where, through a teleprinter in i analyzing films of oppositi his office, to ask a computer; f, 3 ™: / or J 0 ! 1 ". but the I about precedents for a particu- 'W 351 "/ 1 ^ 0 . 11 Redskins went a ilar legal situation. The compu-^P. fu rther. Redskm coa ? hra her pulls them out from any fed. into a computer data about ! federal or state decision and how the opponents reacted to i sends back a specific reference S lvcn situations. The computer to the book or document which : w . as abl <; '° re P° rt that , th » details the precedents. Cleveland Browns ran the nail Answering questions - The': 8 ? Pg' ccnl of theu tlmc wh ?" Systems Development Corp : the Browns were between the has put the text of an entire D ° vard , hne aild t ™' r encyclopedia into the memory 'opponents's 20 yard line. The of a computer. When a question ! Redskins adjusted their - ls asked, the computer ex-; f fense - de""pressed, were the ° ther teams , - , amines the key words of the . JpP? nen1tsn ba , , nine question, prints out excerpts : Natlor ' al F ,° 1otba " ^? ague from the encyclopedia where: ar f, us . m S l . nc maehlnc , s the same key words appear L ^gineering-computers But electronics magazine notes bem ,S u f d . to bul!d , the system is not foolproof It , roads ' buildings and automosays: "The system does blles ' „ "°l )or - s , ma " ag , omcn , t reasonably well hut Ihere are' eon - sllUant John Dlcbold: A still problems. In answer to lhe, computer . ca - n lran ' s P° se a question. "Where was George rou * dc l s ' gn '"to. exact s !]«' lf 'Washington born'" It may ? atlo " s - f an ™S lnei ; r mi ; k " ;l reply, hypothetical^. 'George 'ree-hand drawing of a bridge Washington was born across ?" such a s ^ tcm s lclev:s ' n ": the Delaware in a rowboat.' " llke SC1I ' C ™' , lho computer will Indexing-this sounds like a con V ei ' 1 ho drawi "R """ '' xac ; j mundane task, but consider ™gineenng specifications, will 'that every year some 100000, ca ' oulate and ^'''P 1 ^' materials technical journals are published and sutr f s ? nd show the.'li'sign in the U.S. and abroad and that:" 1 wholc - ln .P arl Cl ' '" a " y the U.S. government issues i l )crs l )ect ' (ve ','" 'mmcd.ate re- another 100,000 studies a year! spons( ' lo the ™S lnM>r s ruc plus some 450,000 additional I""',™ 16 "' 5 ' « " m .1 nc e-the articles and papers. Computers : modcrn marr '"B c brokcr !c f a can keep track of them, oiling: eom P ul f r use1 ^ 1 l"; os P ectlvc the man who needs u,?:mates ^for his chcnts by sizing information where to find it "P,,"";"' las T s ' ? h ' nLs ' j CSlr | s ; This. is. particularly important,' 1 1 1 ' "| cs - . P 'l"Wh'l "rnm to scientists, who, are plagued statistics. And on special com- wilh the problem of duplicating P lllCr wcckcllds n ' ° " Expanding libraries—the ... v , is approaching when the P rr<:cssin 8- smallest librai-y in the country will be able to call upon the largest for reference material, thcir trusl in dala , which a computer would print jout. The University of Chicago has received a grant (or a i system with which a reader; CHICAGO f UP Enrollment In American colleges continues in an upward Irewll following Ihn patterns in evidence in the last few fall seasons.

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